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W. C. ROBINSON & CO
B,C STONE CAP. VA. | TONE POST. WATCHES, CLOCKS, SILVERWARE, SPECTACLES, ETC. W. C. ROBINSON & CO. VOL. I Bill STONE GAP, VA., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 31,1890. NO. 12. Ti..- <... ,? i>i ??'?? .1 und IT"!"'*' ?World W" ,,?,?1 ?1,1?' " " THEY M k A N BUSINESS 1 it: ineSS. Club means Tl., Commercial ^ ;? comp?? . . .... Vv< rv one saii?tor,.st?a... i..,-'- ? .rc5al , uu intern? I" K,ve " , 1, KCU u< his moral hr, material us wc" i ,. fail t? net on "....,io? ?in ,V,,,,,? hcri>. l.ought lots, have gOfc . .L..<i ?!>? ?hen 0'*.T time has come when have ? om< a way lea vi it} bought them. !! . i ,. done An op* M.-thing mor. 1,1 " ? afforded ill"" 10 S,,0W ?ortunity is no* ?'?"r,i .,u.tht.r,h,v have an intelligent apprcu ftti?? ?f ?hc- ,it?atio... The CommcrcnJ aid them, and they must Club projM.se- 1" I Club. A word t<* aid ihr Coinmcn i.?i ,, ,i,. ?u.stion made f H c^hcld Safe "?"^.meeting ol citzen .1.frning I? ?????*dd ing for tl,? ? ? "! lS,dC,S Jvisabili.voi forming^.mcrcialclab ,.l.ject of which should be ?? promot hv ,f action .? affect.nfiall SL.. Pertaining tolhegencral welfare rhan-: The firs, address was mad* by . T Irvine;^. outlined the measures ?i,h which -.mmercial club could prop concern itself, and named what h? dee,.1 ll.c host course to follow to pro-l duce the desired result*. . 1 n c McDowell, jr.. expressed Ins ,ienrtv .vmpathi with the contemplated movement. He ?rgedthat M the pcrma interests of our eity, and not alone or principally those pertaining to real estate, shouhl Im looked after h, the .club it was pmpos. i to form. ,| m Hardin, W*. K. Shelby. Rcv.AY. A. Simmon- and W. S. M?tUewa, es?,., also spoke briefb in favor of tlie proposed or? ganized effort on the part of all our citi a-ciis to promote the gcuerul prosperity of the plaei. M,. McDowell suggested the appoint? ment of a commit. five to take the subject aiidei consideration, to draft a constitution and report at a meeting t<> he held Moiida; night. Mayor Skeen appointed the following gcntleim n as the committee-: II. T. Irvine, V.T.Ooodloe. ?V. a. McDowell, K. M. Har? din and Colonel ('-. K. Sears. Mr; .1 W. Fox; sr.. was called u;.??i:. and spoke <?!' the apparent apathy that had prevailed here, as compared with the en lerprisc manifested in some of the neigh-1 1? ritilo? The tlianks of ihosc present were voted lo ('?' Sears foi having suggested the) holding of the meeting, ?>",l to Mr. Sum- j merlield and Mr. Kniest Sewcll for the "t the huilding. and the meeting stood adjourned. M<>M>.U SIUIIT'S MUETIXiJ? MKIITIOS I'T A I'iO'STITI rioK "-\> IIV-tAWi-Till: OKKICKHS A N i' . OU.MITfKl S. In pursiiuiico of the motion passed on Saturdu) night, the citizens assembled on Monday night .it .1. Ii. F. Mills's oflicc inj tit*- Inn rmoiil hotel !?> !i?-.ir the report off the committee appointed Saturday night to I'm im tin constitution ami by-laws for the eluk and discuss the whole matter I more il .roughly. On motion, duly scc-J onded, Judge Maury was made chairman of t!.'- mecliiig and F. D. McGinlcy secre? tary. Mr. Irvine, chairman "I the com? mittee appointed t.i nrport, proceeded to read the constitution. Sonic slight altera-I lions ?. :> mnde; ami the constitution was adopted a- read. The name of the club i> tu u,'- Commercial Club of Big Sionr ! ilnp. Mr ir^im. then read the by-laws. In making thu l.v-lnws the committee did not ti\ lite amount of membership fees! ami mouthly dues, but left that open for the meeting to arrive .it Alter unite n length\ discussion and many diflerenl in.':...!- suggested, the following was adopted aud insert) 'i in tin- hy-laws: Initi? ation fee, ?:>, f-.'.-.ii paid in 1 liirt^' days ;,i ! .5(1 in sixty .lavs, and the inonthl) dues r?(l cents each, payable the last the month. The club is to meet even Friday night at such place as may bo designated hereafter. On motion, duly seconded, ti,.- by-laws o;crc adopted. The next proceeding was the election of the Officers, t!:.- reM.lt of which was as fol? lows f E. Sears presideut; Ii. T. Irvine, vice-president: W. .\. McDowell; secre? tary; Appalachian Bank, treasurer. Besides the regular officers the follow? ing committees had liecn proposed by the committei hi rctoforc appointed to report, and the members were elected: Executive Committee?R. T. Irvine. F. Kullitt, jr., .1. ii. \: M\\\^ j. ji, C.oodloe. John \V. Fox, jr., E. M. Har din. am! 0. 11. U, it vm.ui. A finance com? mittee, whose duty it is to ascertain as ",:",.v ? ' ;.ible what money is needed to earn out the plans proposed, and pro? ceed !.. thu best method to raise Hint money. The foil,,wing werc chosen mem? bers of that committee: W. K. Shelbv, H. II. Bullitt.AV. a. McDowell, W.T.Good loe and \V. E. Harris. A transportation committee, whose dutv _ '_t I generally. The following persona w chosen to perform this i?>P<>rIf;,,nt. ' Fno W Fox. L. T. Maury, Mr. Blackford. Spencer Berrytnan, J. B. F. Mills, Rev. W. A. Simmons, and C. E. Scars. \? advertising commit tec to take cl,arce of the advertising. The following ^chosen: H. C. McDowell, C. H. Ber ryma'n, H. B. Fox, Mr. Sproles and ft. I. Irvine. \ grievance committee, whose duty it shall l>c i" look after the sanitary eondi li.,f the town, consult with the town council on matters pertaining to thei gen? eral good, etc W. E. Addison \\ S. Mathews, W. C. Shclton, Judge C. J. Dun? can and A. Summerfield are this co? i mittcc. . A committee on industries, whose fluty lit sliall he to seek manufacturers, use rtieir influence in securing manufactures, etc. The following gentlemen comprise the committee: ft. T. Irvine. E. J. Byrd, Mi Peters, J. K. Taggart, Henry Wcbb^ W. E. Moni-. W. S. Mathcws, U. B. Clav, jr.. Edwin Bnrhour, H. A. V,. Skc'cn, Col. J. B. Adams, C. H. Spalding, C E. Spalding, I. Hill?, R. F. Dillard, Dr. C. I>. Kunkel, G. W, Lovcll, W. C. Robin? son, .1. B. F. Mills. W. A. Simmons,.!. W. ? Fox, sr.. H. E. Fox. William Voung, David Castleman. dohn M. Hardin, W. F. Maker, ?j M. Goodloc, W. A. McDowell. W. S. Palmer. W. S. Beverly, <\ T. Estos, C. F. Brockel, Jahics M. Hodge. W. J. Hcnwood and W. J. Sproles. 1 Mr. Simmons and Mr. Cnstlcman were ! appointed a committee to solicit members ?for the club, to start oil Tuesday morning. It was agreed that the place for holding the next meeting, on Friday night, be announced in the next issue of the Post. After adjournment a large number present at the meeting enrolled their names as members of the club. HITCH AX AN ON TIIK STUMP. He Delivers a Strong Speech on the Po? litical Issues and Arouses the Democracy. Mr. Buchanan's earnestness and Iiis evident belief in every word he uttered. n< much as his eloquence, kept the close attention of his audience throughout his speech delivered here on Wednesday. He alluded at the beginning to the coqtcsf held over his scat, and the triumph of his constituents when after a searching ex? amination his right to the position was shown, and the slur cast upon the honor of the district by hostile partisans was^ removed. You sent me as your represen? tative to the Fifty-first Congress?the Hrsf Congress in the second century of our Congressional life. Up to that time we had been governed by rules which even tinting the war. when the life of the nation was at stake, were not changed. Bui those rules by this last Congress have been changed, our rights disregarded, and our principles trampled upon. I believe in progress, and I believe in departing from the old laws, as laid down by our fathers, when it is shown that they arc wrong. Put there is little excuse for de? parting from their construction of the Constitution when, not only by the demo? crats, but by the best republicans-of the country, it is regarded as the wisest and the best. The republican party, however. | whatever their faults, do well in promis? ing. Two years ago it promised to the people of this country that if a republi? can president and it republican Congress were elected they would pass the Blair bill, appropriating to the State of Vir? ginia about $G,0U0,(HX). Virginia, however, would have received more in proportion than most of the republican States, and though thai money was to have been ap? propriated for the cause of education, instead of passing it. the republican party passed pension bills to take from us money we might expend in the education J of our children, for, in many eases, men i who never showed their faces, in battle. I And the taxation of the Federal government J to support that, and other burdens, in- j stead of being levied upon the property, 1 is every cent of it levied upon COIlSUmp- ! tion?upon what you cat and wear. Thus j the poverty of this country is bearing the burden, and the wealth goes com- 1 parativcly free. Men are piling up for-,! limes mountain high, oil which they) scarce pay a cent more of tax to the Fed- | eral government than the poor man out of j his poverty. With such a course.! have no sympathy. This government was founded upon the priciples of equal rights to all, and if we depart from those princi? ples, we depart from equity and justice. So sure us you violate the law of man. or the law of Cod, punishment will come; ; and so is it if you violate the law of the nation. My constituents may think that 1 should have supported the Bankrupt bill. I did not support it because I never intend to support a bill that docs not protect debtor and creditor alike, and this one to my mind is unjust upon the face of it. It provides that a man who owes but $"iQ(lcau be forced into bankruptcy against his will. So with a man who allows an 1 attachment tobe levied upon his property, and docs mir release it within thirty days, if an execution was issued, and returned, "No property found," the debtor, though worth thousands of dollars, could be forced info bankruptcy. Were it passed, many of our most successful business men cotdd be put into bankruptcy. I had some experience with that business, for wb.cn 1 first came to the bar. the old Bankrupt bill was in force, and I found that it was one of those mills to which if a man took his grist he might be thankful to get ?away with his sack, leaving its contents for toll. Now, about the fa rill'. Some people say that you cannot build up this [.country without a high protective tariff. Well, when the country made such won? derful -Hides, under the old tariff, which was 45 cents on the dollar, was it neces? sary to raise it by the McKinley bill to ft) cents on the dollar. The Republican party said two years ago that the tariff needed revision, and that when the Democratic party should be out of power this should be done. Whenever more is produced of a thing than is used, the tariff does not affect the price; but when the tariff is put on those things more of which we use, than we produce, then the price is in? creased to nearly the extent of the dutv. The promised revision of the tariff by the republicans has resulted in a large in? crease of rate on articles the prices of which are affected, and which arc a neces? sity to the poor as well as the rich, and it is the consumer that has to pav the bur? den. The present system of tariff reminds one Of the art to be used in picking geese, which consists in not taking loo big a hunch at one time. When well done the poor birds makes no fuss, but after the pvrjoriuttnce he finds hin breast bare, as it it bad been plucked out by handful!--. Inapiteof the plucking, so'successfulh. done by the republican purtv.this present luugre,, has Squandered more than forty million*-of dollars moro than lias boon spent in years past, [f the surplus bad not been increased under the administra? tions of Aurthur and Cleveland, I do not know what they would now do. It is right for the government to tax the people lor funds to run it economical!)', but when it goes a notch beyond that it is committing robbery. It has no right to tax one class of people for the benefit of another; yet this the republican party does, giving, for example, to the sugar grower a bounty, and giving t<? the manufacturer a tariff which amounts to a bounty on his manu? factures, while to deceive the farmer a tax is put upon grain, and straw, the im? portation of which articles amount to nothing, and makes not a cent's difference in the price of those articles. The gover ernincnt has the power to do these tilings, with disregard to the rights of the citi? zens, not in justice and in equity but by might. They say that the tariff protects Jlhe laboring man, and raises his wages. Init those wages arc determined simply by the demand ami the supply, and if a manufacturer protected by tin- tariff can get foreign labor to work for him as cheaply as they will work in their own country, in nearly every instance will the American be discharged and the for? eigner employed. After having discussed freely and fully the effects of the tariff bill, .Mr. Buchanan passed on to the Lodge Force Election .bill. This bill provides lor the supervision of ail the congressional elections in this country upon the application of a hundred voters of a district. There has never been a lime in the history of Wise county that the people have not appointed Ihcir own judges of election. But now the ap? pointment of the commissioners, under this bill, rests not even with a Virginian, but with rludge Bond of Maryland, the same judge who had General Avers put in prison for upholding the law of Virginia. Whenever people are governed at long range they will surely be wronged, as our forefathers found out over a hundred years ago. When you have lost your local sclf-govcrnmcnl you will have lost that dearest and best to you. How does the judge in Baltimore know whom to ap? point in Wise county? He gains his in? formation from Lynchburg. The super? visor there, even if honest, may be misinformed, and name corrupt men on either side. 1 am here to speak id' that measure as an American citizen, and not for either party. After having dwelt at length mi the ruinous features of the bill. Mr. Buchanan continued: If you turn the whole machinery of the election over to cither party. 1 care not which it be. cor? ruption is sure to follow, ami anyone who will examine the bill will see that it never was intended to be a true and an honest one. Things are certainly in a bad shape, if we cannot find three honest democrats and three honest republicans in every precinct. We are facing the dawn of a mighty change, bringing wonderful developments to this section, and. without internal troubles, we shall make gigantic onward strides. Shame be to the parly then thai by the passage of so in famous a law tries to crush to earth our newborn prosperity, and to bring back the misfortunes which dogged mir steps after the war. Now. in conclusion, if you approve (d uty course in Congress, if you are opposed to the Lodge Force Election bill, if you arc advocating the same things that 1 am, and so are looking for the best interests of this district, I not only ask for your support; but for your earnest, hearty sup? port: but if you are in favor of bankrupt laws, of high pensions, of higher tariffs, auk if you think that my opponent from Pennsylvania can represent Virginians better than I, then vote for him. and let him represent your interests until you arc satisfied. IILAIXE IX Oil to. He Makes a Stirring Appeal in Itehulf of the TaritX-ltili Man?Nearly n Punic in the (ialtery. Cantos. Onto. Oct. ?-'!?.?Mr. Blainc ad? dressed the republicans at this place on Saturday evening. He said: The contest that is now waging for the membership of the next Congress is not properly a contest between the republican and democratic parties. It is a contest between the protectionists and free? traders. [Applause.] There are a few free-traders among the republicans, and there are many protectionists among the democrats. [Applause.] It is a contest that goes to the root of (he matter as to national prosperity [applause], and on that issue we should settle the question of home interests.good wages and sound prosperity. [Great applause.] As I was coming mit to this place I found in a newspaper a speech of Carl Sellin /, made a week ago in Boston, and 1 may say with all candor an able speech on the free-trade side. But. like all free-traders, Schurz goes back for the Golden Age for American prosperity to the tariff ol I84C?a rather distant view back? ward. [Laughter.] If he had taken the position of the late Alexander Stephens, of Georgia, he might have gone back still further; because Mr. Stephens thought the Golden Age of American prosperity was when the British ships came over laden with goods, anchored in the Savan? nah river, and were laden with cotton from the plantations for the return voyage. [Laughter.] A IIKTKOSI'KI Tl\ i: VIEW. ' I have so often heard of the great and general prosperity under the tariff of I84G that if you will bear with me I shall say something of that period. Mr. Schurz quotes me as saying?and that is why I make a personal reply?that the ten years between ISKi and 1850 under that tariff were years of very great prosperity in this country. 1 frankly repeat that those years were years of great prosperity. Now let me say why those years were prosper? ous. That tariff of ISKi was approved just about the time the Mexican war broke out. and within less than a vcar more than $J00,000,000 were disbursed by the gov? ernment in all the branches of mechanism. We had just made that expenditure when the famine in Ireland called for every surplus barrel of flour and bushel of grain in the country. We had hardly trans? ported that grain to the other side and sold it at a high price when gold was dis? covered in California and the world was enriched with a vast output of the mines. We had hardly put that gold in circula? tion when the great revolution that began in ISIS paralyzed the industrial energies of all the European nations and gave the United States a market that was unparal? leled. Europe had hardly quieted revo? lutionary disturbances when France and England and Russia went into the Cri? mean war, and for two years and a half those great nations were paralyzed in their industries. Now, there are four or five of what vou might call accidents or incidents of history that would have in? sured great prosperity to this country if there had not been a tariff of any kind whatever. [Applause.] TUKOUIZIXO. t If the duties, instead of being what the tariff of LSlii made them, had only been 1 per cent. ad valorem, or if there had been no duties, the-country would have been prosperous. Now if vou can produce such a convulsion in the world to-day, if you can start a great faiuiue, if you cau dis cover new gold fields, with unfold millions thrown into flic lap of the people, if you can have every nation in Europe disturbed by a revolution, if you can have the three nations in Europe go to war for two years und a half, then we will quit tariffand go to supplying the vacuum, which that con? dition of things in Europe Would create. [ Applause.[ In tlie Jail of 1856, when this tariff had been underway for ten years, this great war in Europe came to an end, and so did all the prosperity under the tnriffof 184(5.' [Applusc.] You all remember what happened in 1857?one of the severest panics and de? pressions this country ever encountered? and as long as these accidental props, these fori nitons happenings, these acci? dental revolutions, the discoveries of gold, and famine, as soon as they ceased, prosperity under tlie tariff of l-^Ki ceased also. Now 1 insist that we do not want famines, we do not want to have thousands of men slaughtered by war in order to keep up a free-trade trade tariff and make it look prosperous when it is not. [Laughter and applause.] Give us protective tariff and wc can get along without slaughter or the starvation of men; wc can make ourselves sustaining with something beyond for the people that need help from our abundance, and in con? nection with the tariff of 1846 I call your attention historically to two other tariffs in addition to that?the only three tariffs that the United States has ever had. Suddenly lowering duties was the one made after the war 181:2; the compromise tariff of 18iW, and the one in 1846, and every one of them led to business pros? tration in tin's (.-01111117, which lasted in a greater or less degree until there was a protective tariff enacted. [Applause.] TAIil KK TTCKLINll. You never heard of free trade tariff coming to the relief of the people. [Laugh? ter.] The only three times that the peo? ple of the United States tried free tariff they fell into adversity until a protective tariff came to the relief of the people. Some people want us to let the protective tariff go by in order to make the experi? ment again. Well. 1 would like to sec that experiment tried if only one or two were to suffer, but it is a pretty hard thing to take the dreadful and terrible chance of prostrating the industries of the country when there are 64,000,000 of mouths to be fed. [Applause.] When the tariff of 1846 was enacted their were only 20,000,000 of people in the country. We now have 64,000,000. Four years aft it the tariff was enacted, according to the census of the United States, we only had $7,000, 000,000 of property. We 'now have 64, 000,000 of people and $60,000,000,000 of property. [Applause.] Gentlemen, you cannot sport with that number of people and with that mass of property. Wo can? not experiment even at this time and haz? ard the vast interests when wc could not [nit the country where it stands to-day for ten penitential years thereafter. [Ap? plause/ .Mr. Schurz condemns the ef? forts of Congress to secure a reciprocity of trade with certain countries. [Laugh? ter.] Free-traders have always been tell? ing us that if wc would adopt their theory we would have a new era in this country, and on that form of statement I will not differ from them. [Laughter.] I think we would have a new era. Congress at its last session concluded to adopt a new policy. They looked at South America and they found that wc arc receiving from these people vast imports and exporting little to them. The question was, Shall v.c repeal the duty on sugar and give that to South America in addition to the coffee and hides and dye-woods and rubber and other things from South America, and shall we ask those men if we give you our markets for a pound to let us enter theirs fow a few shillings? [Applause.] Oh! no, no. Mr. Schurz.: that won't do at all. You must resort to free trade; but I would like to ask Mr. Schurs before this Ohio audience how free-trade is going to let us into their markets with our pro? ducts. We have been giving Hraz.il a mar kef for their nearly sixty millions of products and they were taking from us seven or eight or nine mil? lions. Now, suppose we declared ab? solute free trade, how would that help us with Brazil? They have not been buying anything, and they do not let anything in free. Thirty-six million dollars' worth of coffee, fourteen to sixteen millions of rub? ber, several millions of hides, and a great many dye Stulls and wood of that kind, all coming into tin- United States without a shilling of duty. Hut we want to send down there some Hour, some lumber, some corn ami wheat, the products of the West as well as of the East, and are not satis lied as Illings were going. [Laughter.] Well, wc went on and awakened'them to the necessities of I he situation and wc found that they feel just as we do, that the two nations dealing with each Other must deal as two men do with each oilier, fairly, honestly, and liberally, so that the advantage shall not always lie 011 the side of one man or on the side of one nation. [Applause.] Well, that was reciprocity. I, is not a very complex problem. Mr. Schurz, rather intimates that it is 11 strange way of getting at things. How strangely mysterious reciprocity is! It is just as strange and mysterious as when a Starke county farmer brings a hundred bushels of wheat to Canton, gets his money for it. buys supplies for his fatuity and goes back home. [Laughter.] That is a mysterious process and very difficult to understand, vet 1 am sure that Brazil and all the South American States under? stood it the moment it was mentioned. Yet 1 am sure, and speak with great can? dor, when J say that I believe we will make a very favorable arrangement to trade with South America. Take a coun? try like Venezuela, of a large area but small population, not more than two and half to three millions. Tliev bring it*' $10,400,000 worth of products, but how much of that is taxed do you suppose at the custom-house? Only $8,000 and every cent except that escapes taxation. Wc send them a good many things, but wc do not send them one shilling's worth that is not taxed by them. That is not fair, they admit that it is not fair, and they are glad and willing to right the matter and place us cm reciprocal ground that will be to the prosperity of this country and to the prosperity of the oilier, because trade that is one-sided like that cannot be con? tinued forever. I have not seen an ap? proval from any free-trade country of the reciprocity idea that has stood the test for three months. When reciprocity was first suggested the free-traders, all or nearly all, approved il. At that time they thought it would divide the protectionists in Congress, and they urged it very earnestly so long as they thought there would be some division and that it was a dividing line that might obstruct the pro? tectionists." A SMOKT IMVEllSION. Mr. Blnihc did not finish this paragraph, as the crowd in the gallery ut his left hand became excited and started half panic stricken for the exit. Mr. Hlaine and Minister i'hclps discovered at a quick glance that the gallery was in no danger of falling, and both shouted to tlie crowd and waved their hands to reassure the ex? cited throng. When quiet was restored, Mr. Bl?tne resumed his remarks as follows: "Now, ns,l was saying, those free-traders thought they heard a little crack [cheers], they thought that the republican party would he stampeded. [Applause.] Now republicans arc not frightened by a crack. [Cheers.] As long as the free-traders thought there would be a division in the republican party they encouraged reci? procity, but very soon they found that the republican party was not in the habit of having divisions in its ranks. [Cheers.] The ranks closed up and the reciprocity provision was adopted by a republican Con? gress. [Cheers.] Just as soon as the free-traders found that reciprocity could not be used to divide the republican party they were all against it [cheers],"every one of them, and now (hey are repudiating it, and telling you what a humbug it is, and how little value there is in it, and how small a result there will be to the people of this country from it. It is never wise to make a prediction before an event. It is not wise for the free-traders to pro? claim its failure at present. I don't pro? pose to say anything about its success. We are given a year in w hich to try it; let us wait the year and see what can be done. [Cheers.] I am not here to boast of it; I am here to condemn the course of free? traders who as long as it promised to di? vide the protectionists were in favor of it, but who are set against it the moment they find the protectionists will not not divide. [Cheers.] Your duty, gentlemen, if I may suggest it, is to elect a protec? tionist to Congress. [Cheers and Cries of 'We will.'] That is your interest; that is the interest of every district in the coun? try, and I appeal to this district because of the interests at your door-sills and fire? sides; I appeal to every man in Starke county and the three other counties that make up the district. But you have a spe? cial reason; Congress has 'i'2') members. It is a very great distinction to any man, a distinction to the district represented, and a distinction to the man himself, to be placed at the head of the committee of ways and means and to lead the House of Representatives. [Cheers.] That is where Thaddens Stephens stood eight years of his life; that is where that great citizen of Ohio, the lately deceased General Rob? ert C. Schenck, stood for six years, and that is where "William McKinley stands now [uproarious cheering]; and I appeal both to your interest and to your pride to send him back again, that he may be use? ful?not merely to this district, not to his State alone?but to the people of the United States." [Cheers.] At the Academy of Music Mr. blainc spoke as follows: "I am not here to make a speech. Such observations as I had to make I gave in a speech at the other hall. I came here to congratulate you on the victory that awaits you here in Ohio. This is not a battle between republicans and democrats; it is a contest betwen protection and free trade. Let us pull together for protection, and with one more pull sweep from us free trade, which has never been more active than it is to-day. This district will not do its duty if it does not return to Con? gress the head man of the ways and means committee, the leader of the House, Wil? liam McKinley, jr." A Good Suggestion. (Ti> the Editor ?>f the IVst.) A very important work for the trans? portation committee of the Commercial Club to take hold of at once is a good wagon road over the mountain to Lctchcr county, Kentucky. The merchants and other citizens of Lctchcr and parts of adjoining counties are clamoring for such a road. It would bring a great deal of trade to our merchants, and tonnage to our railroads. The only way that Lctchcr and parts of Harlan, Leslie. Perry and Pike counties have to get goods in, and their stock and produce out. at present, is by a very bad route to Pinevillc, or Bar boursville. This is by far their nearest and best shipping point, if they only had a passable wagon road over the Big Black Mountain. Capt. Bishop of the Interstate Tunnel survey, tells me that he found an excel? lent route for such a road, having a maxi? mum grade of only five feet in the hundred, and crossing the mountain at a point three hundred feet lower than where the present miserable road crosses. It can be engi? neered and constructed at a small cost. It would pass almost directly over the great tunnel, leading up the "Wild-eat branch of Callahan creek, and down upon the Poor Fork of the Cumberland. The citizens of Lctchcr say that they will bring the road to the top of the mountain on their side, if the people of Big Stone Gap will only meet them there with it. Capt. Taggart, of the Virginia Coal & Iron Company, says that his com? pany will make it through their lands up Callahau. which is a large portion of the distance. No doubt other large holders of land along the line will join in the work. The S. A. k 0. and the L. & X. ought to contribute liberally. Two merchants here have told me that they would each give one hundred dollars to the enterprise. If the question were agitated properly, enough money could be raised with a very little trouble to push the road through. We now have a daily mail to Whitesburgh, and with this road and a telephone line there, thousands of dollars of trade would pour in here annually that now goes elsewhere, and many millions of feet of valuable lumber would be sawed and shipped that is new untouched. Let the transportation committee take hold and push this important matter through^ R. T. I. .Episcopal Church Services. Big Stone Gap already has Baptist, Methodist and Presbyterian church or gani/.atizafions; and prominent members of other Christian denominations are con? templating organizing mission enterprises in this promising field, which is sure to be the center of a rapidly growing popula? tion at no distant day. Among the bodies already having this object in view is the Protestant Episcopal church, and two of its ablest clergymen in this section, the Rev. Mr. Lloyd, of Abingdon, Va., and the Rev. Mr. Funsten, will be here Mon? day, the 17th of November, and will hold services in the Baptist church. The beautiful liturgy of the Episcopal church, with the beauty of the service, as well as the evangelical character of the doctrines held by that church, commend themselves to the attention of thoughtful men and women; and there is no doubt that in a few years this church will num? ber its adherents here by the hundreds. There are at pesent some twenty persons here, we are informed, whose religious affiliations arc with this denomination of Christians. Dooming Iron Trade. (Walt Street News;) According to the officers of the Thomas Iron Cora pany, the outlook for the iron and steel trades Is most encouraging. There is no ditllculty In obtaining the highest priced, and new buBiuess Is bel?g refused at a number ot the mills, for the simple reason that orders which were booked in the early spring are of sufficient amount to keep the Iron makers busy und the mill bauds fully employed until lau end ot the year. OUR MINERALS. Kror. N. S. Shnler, Professor of Phyiloal Science* at Harvard University Writer an IntcreHtlng Ar? ticle on the Subject. PATROL K I" M AND NATURAL OAS. (From Scribner'H Mnicuzine.) In the mountainous portion of these States of the Virginia group wc have an abundance of mineral wealth, the search for which has ltiit begun. Gold, iron, cop? per, zinc, and various other substances of economic importance abound in the up? land portion of this area, while the low? land parts have as yet afforded but small supplies of such materials, phosphates being the only geologic element of any importance. It is evident, therefore, that the plain land region of this district is to develop purely agricultural industries, while the upland section, by its admirable combination of soil, noble forests and mineral resources, is to have more varied industries, and therefore a 'more diversi? fied life. Although within the above mentioned Slates the resources of fossil fuel arc lim? ited, we find, immediately on the west of the district, and everywhere convenient to it, the vast coal measures of Tennessee, Kentucky, and West Virginia fields, which afford bituminous coals quite equal to those which have been the foundations of the commercial industries of Great Brit? ain. Thus, this region of Southern up? lands has in its soil, its forests, and its mineral resources, a combination of ad? vantages perhaps greater than those of any other equal area in the world. In addition to these favoring conditions the region possesses an admirable climate. In winter the temperature falls low enough to insure the preservation of bodily vigor; in Flimmer the heat is less ardent than in the lower-lying regions of the New England and New York group of States. In the Virginia section we find a climate resembling in its range of temperatures those which characterize the most favored regions of the Old World, and it is there perhaps we may look for the preservation of our race's best characteristics. As the geological strata of the Ohio Valley vary greatly in their mineral con? stitution, the soils derived from them arc naturally divided into a good many classes. Thus we have in Kentucky and Tennessee a wide range of Silurian limestone, which by their decay affords soils of extraordi? nary fertility, those which give character to the well-known blue-grass district. It is worth while to note in passing that this singular richness of the earth is due to the fact that in these limestones there are certain thin layers composed almost alto? gether of the remains'of minute creatures which hail the peculiarity of taking lime phosphate from the sea and building it at their death in the poposits formed on the old sea-floors. When elevated into land and subjected to the process of decay, these rocks afford, under the action of the atmosphere, soils of great fertility; so we see that the fruit fulness of our fields may depeud upon the nature of organic beings in the remotest past. Throughout the Ohio Valley, except along the margins of the streams where the soil has been brought to its lesting plaee by flood waters, we find everywhere sharp contrasts in the fertility of the soil. Already, although the historv of the country extends back for but a century, we perceive very clearly that these natu? ral differences have been of great impor? tance in differentiating the people. There is no greater contrast in any country be? tween neighboring people of the same blood than that which exists between the so-called mountaineers of eastern Ken? tucky, who occupy the soil of sandy car? boniferous beds, and those who dwell in the rich grass country of the central dis? trict of the commonwealth. The fertile soil of the limestone region has given abundant wealth to the inhabitants of that region; wealth has brought culture and all the circumstances of a high civil? ization. The sandy soil giving little to tillage, the people have remained poor; their contracts with the world have been slight, ami they yet abide by their customs ami intellectual development in the conditions of the eighteenth century. It is worth while to go one step further and to note the effect of these diversities induced by differences of soil. When, in 1861, it was to be determined whether Kentucky should go with the South or North, the question turned in the main on the occupations of the pop? ulation. Where the soils were rich the plantation system was possible, the slave element was large, and in general the voice of the people was for union with the South. Where the soils were thin the people had no interest in slavery, for they owned no negroes. Old frictions with the slave-holding portions of the State existed, and consequently the peo? ple of this sterile land were generally de? voted to the Union. A soil map of Ken? tucky would in a rude way serve us a chart of the politics of the people in this crisis in the nation's historv. If Kentucky possessed a soil altogether derived from limestone, there is no question but that it would have cast in its lot with the South. The mineral resources of the Ohio Val? ley have a somewhat singular distribution. From western Alabama around to the headwaters of the Ohio in Pennsylvania, wc have a continuous belt of country abounding in coal and iron. Nowhere in the world, so far as it has been explored, is there any region of equal extent where these two substances, both of the first im? portance to man, each requiring the other for its most important uses, aregrograph ieully so united. In the western part or the Ohio Valley, and separated from this eastern and southern section by a wide in? terval of fertile lands, lies the western coal fields, extending from central Ken? tucky to central Indiana and Illinois. Taken as a whole, the area of the Ohio Valley has a more perfect association of fuel and iron resources together with those which are afforded by a fertile soil than any other part of the world. In addition to the supply of energy con? tained in the coal beds tributary to this district there arc two other sources of power accessible to the inhabitants of this valley?petroleum and natural gas. The deposits of petroleum appear to be iu the main limited to a field occupying a por? tion of western Pennsylvania, western Virginia, and eastern Ohio, and to another smaller and less important district on the waters of the Cumberland River near the point where it crosses the division be? tween Kentucky and Tennessee. Although the quantity of petroleum accessible at any one point iu this valley appears to be much less than that which can be obtained in the famous Caspian or Baiku field, the district is probably, all things considered, the most extensive source of supply of this substance which the world is likely to afford. The natural gus of the Ohio Val? ley appears to be far move considerable in quantity than that contained within any other equal area. Thus in this district wc have, three known sources of valuable subterranean energy?coal, petroleum,and natural gaB?in more advantageous con? dition*, as regards quantity and nearness to fertile agricultural areas, than in any other region of the world. We thus see that the Ohio group of States has, from the point of view of It* resources, singular advantages over any other part of the continent for the main? tenance of a vast population engaged in industries, both those of the soil and those of the shop. Within a century the area occupied by these States is likely to con? tain a larger population than that which uow exists in all English-speaking coun? tries. Although this population is des? tined to be to a great extent engaged in mining and manufacturing, there is room in this country for an agricultural people exceeding in numbers the present popu? lation of the United States; for, as before remarked, there is hardly any untillablc land in its area, and except for the limita? tions which the necessary preservation of the forests put upon the extension of the tilled fields, ninety-eight hundredths of its area can be won to husbandry. Mr. Mills has His Say. Hon. Gco. T. Mills, the republican nom? inee for Congress, accompanied by Maj. Wood, were here last Saturday, stirring up their republican friends, and now and then striking a democrat. Maj. Wood was heard to say on one occasion: "Wc should lay aside all prejudices, and look at the matter from a business standpoint. We want the man to represent us who has our interests at heart. Mr. Mills would do more for the development and progress of this section, the building up of your city, and cause more Northern capital to be invested here than any man that could be elected in the district, because he is ac? quainted with many of the Northern cap? italists, and they have confidence in him, knowing his business integrity and quali cations." Mr. Mills, in speaking to a prominent republican, expressed himself as being confident that he would win in the coming contest. He said, "I have been over nearly the whole of the district, and have estimated my majority at abou UtlO, outside of this and Lee counties. Unless the people in these two counties go back on me, and that majority is over? come, I will bo elected. 1 am well pleased with the prospects here, and nm not much afraid of this county." He seemed well satisfied with the result of his canvass here, and left Saturday evening in good spirits. TORN IN TWAIN. The Tariff Question Nearly liaises a Row Among the Democracy of New York. New Vouk, Oct.30.?At a large meeting of the county democracy at Cooper Insti? tute last night the tariff question was in? troduced and it came near breaking up the gathering. On the stage were a number of big guns, including W. It. Grace, (Jen. Newton, Charles J. Canda and Jimmy O'Brien. W. T. Croasdalc was one of the speakers, and in the midst of his speech he com? menced a discussion of the tariff. "Protection," he exclaimed, as the cli? max of a raid upon the McKinley bill, "is a fraud!" There was a burst of applause, instantly followed by hisses. The people who ap? plauded at once applauded again, and the iiisscrs took breath and returned the salute. Mr. Croasdalc stopped, aston? ished, and looked over the hall. It seemed to be divided into two factions, which con? tinued to hiss and cheer with a will. "Give us local politics!" yelled a voice. "Down with low tariff!" "Take that man off!" Mr. Croasdalc turned to Mr. Grace, who was sitting twirling his thumbs uneasily and talked loudly, but he couldn't be heard for the disorder. "Three cheers for Croasdalc!" yelled a man. "Down with low tariff!" yelled others. "Give us Scott and let the tariff alone!" By this time half the people in the room were on their feet, and several ladies got up and left the hall. Police Captain Mc Cullagb, the elder, who was in charge of the police force present, hurried up in front and rapped sharply on a chair with his night stick. "This thing has got to stop," he shouted vigorously. "Sit down and be quiet, or-" The meeting quieted, and Mr. Grace came to the desk and said in a quiet voice: "Gentlemen, Mr. Croasdalc is only going to speak a few words more. It was deemed wise to devote a few minutes of the meeting to Federal politics, and he will soon be through. Every man is en? titled to a hearing in this country, you know." Mr.Croasdalc came forward and shouted: "I was invited to this meeting as a democrat, and, by the Lord, I will not bo shut up. I have heard enough to dis? cover that you have found out what a fraud, what a delusion, what a snare pro? tection is, and-" This time the whole meeting stood up, and, as Mr. Croasdalc retired, there was a tumult of mingled cheers and hisses. There was an attempt made on the platform to divert the storm by proposing cheers for Scott and Goff, but it did not stop the commotion. Committee Meeting. The Industrial Committee of the Com? mercial Club will meet immediately after adjournment of the club to-night and effect a permamcnt organization,appoint sub-committees and discuss plans gener? ally. H. T. Iuvi.nk, Chairman. Railroad Rumor, Chicauo, Oct. 28.?An eveniug paper publishes a scusalionul dispatch from Ciuciuuall which nay* that among the many rumors floating around is one to the effect that nouie of the stock of (be Baltimore and Ohio Southwestern hus fallen into the hands of the Bricc-Tbonjos people, and tbat the latter are noiking Ktreuuous efforts to secure enough of the stock to give them a controlling interest in the line, with a view to consolidating it wltb the East Tennes? see, Virginia ? Georgia system, and claltus that some of the stockholders of the Baltimore A Ohio South? western favor the scheme, but the majority are op? posed aud are taking steps to prevent its consumma? tion. The Inter-State Tunnel. (LouUvllle Pout.) The inter-State Tunnel Railway Company organized at noon to-day at Fourth and Main by electiug lb* following directors: U. C. McDowell, John K. Green, St. John Boyle, J. W. Goulbcrr, V. ?. Carley, T. W. Spindle, K. T. Ual s?y, John R. l"rocter. Arthur Cory. Officers: 11. C. McDowell, president; St. John Boyle, vlcc-prcsldeut; T. W. Spindle, secretary; Columbia Fluojice and Trust Company, treasurer. The object of the company is to construct tunnels la the neighborhood of Big Stone (Up. Shot In the Neck. Bristol, TVsx., Oct. 29.?Jim Godsey ?bot Paul Richter through the neck on Tue-day in a house ot lll-fauie. Richter wo? attempting to kill Mm with a knife. The trouble arose over a woman* Godsey U under arrest.