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LEADING PAPER OP SO ITH WEST VA. rcausnxn>t tu? BIG STONE POST PUBLISHING CO. C. E. SEARS PRESIDENT. Tkrmi or Scta-aimos Ooe Tear,. 31* Monlb?.. Paraacnt ?trictlv in a?v.mct. Al>\ kbtd?ko lUTlt : Display advertisements per Incb, far aaeb laaertlon, 50 ceul?. * Diseouut for uoe roiuma or mir?. Friday, December 5,1890. The Post now readies a large constitu? ency of capitalists and business men. North and South, and its columns afford a supe? rior means of communicating with tlicin. Real estate agents, lawyers, manufac? turers and merchants, here and in other cities, will find it to their advantage to advertise in its columns. The Post has also a superior job office, better equipped than any plant of the kind within a radius of two hundred miles, and is prepared to do first class job work, with taste and dispatch. An Important Matter. The principal officers of the various land and improvement companies in and around Big Stone Gap should have a conference and agree upon a consolidation of their various interests tinder one company and one management. Tiie Post urged thin step on u previous occasion, nut while all or nearly all the parties in interest concede that the con? summation of such a plan would prove of great value to the growth of the city and the development of the surrounding coun? try, they have taken no Steps whatever to secure its adoption. As matters stand no one company or individual feels justified in making large concessions to manufacturing enter? prises when their establishment will benefit other parties as much as they benefit the donors. It is manifestly unfair to tax any single interest with con? cessions that inure to tiie general good, but under tiie proposed arrangement all would share the cost and all would enjoy the benefits. Tiie city, too, under one management, could 1m- built up with some system, locating ^1! manufacturing estab? lishments within a certain area and pre? scribing the character of buildings to be put up in other districts. No reflecting person can question the value of such an arrangement; and yet nothing is done to effect it. Gen. Hardin who owns a large and val? uable i raet southwest of the city, is anxious to pool his property with the rest, und urged tiie plan before tiie Commercial Club. Tiie Hast big Stone Gap Company would not hesitate to enter the combina? tion upon a fair basis, and Gen. Avers is reported to favor tin? project. Capt. Jerrow has also .-aid he would be glad to effect such an arrangement, and it is prob? able the Fuycttc band Company would likewise. Under such conditions w hy is not an effort made to effect the desired result*.' Far more difficult combinations have been formed, and there is no reason why those interested here, nearly all of whom have expressed a willingness and even a desire to unite, cannot come together upon some fair and equitable basis. The matter might very well come up before the Commercial Club and a com? mittee he appointed to do for the leading officers of these land companies what they 6ecm unable to do for themselves. It is true these officers are paid salaries to look after the interests of their stock? holders?to enter agreements and form combinations for their benefit, and a com? mittee of the Commercial Club would get no direct compensation for their lime and labor,.but they could at least spare the time to confer with those in authority and urge ihem to some decisive action. The more one reflects on the plan the more important to the interests of the city it will appear. -. ?> . The Indian Problem. While we ate not disposed to be senti? mental in the matter, it is difficult to con? sider the .situation of the few remaining Indians in this country without a feeling of sympathy not far removed from re? morse. They have preferred extermina? tion to civilization,and they are sternly meeting their fate, perfectly conscious at its near approach. "Our nation," said Red Cloud, some years ago. "is melting away like the snow on the side of the hills, where the sun is warm, while your people are like the blades of grass in spring, when summer is coming. We are but a hand? ful;" and a smaller handful now than when these words were uttered. True they are a menace te the inhabi? tants of the frontier?true they steal und sometimes use the tomahawk and scalp? ing knife upon the innocent und helpless: but when one Minis up tiie usurpation and robberies of the w hites, on which side are the equities of the case? Sitting Bull, stern, moody, full of hatred and revenge, though realizing the terrible odds against him and his people, has both the desire and courage to make one more effort for vengeance without even the hope of vic? tory. He sees as clearly as his palefaced ? antagonists that the two races are brought finally face to face, and that the isstio for htm and his people is death. There is certainly enough in his career to give pathos to his sufferings and dignity to his resentments. He it was who dealt that terrible blow to Cutter's heroic little baud; and he it is who now animates his race with a fierce spirit of resistance and wrath. Neither he nor his followers can change their natures any easier than the leopard can change its spots. "The Great Spirit has raised me in this way," he once mournfully said,?"he raised me naked. The Great Spirit hns raised you to read And write, and put papers before you; but j I am not so." Certainly the government should adopt every means to conciliate the small remnants of this once mighty race. They will not linger much longer in the domain of their ancestors and among the graves of their fathers. The work of ex t2.<M ?1.15 termination in-?l hard!} he hastened. One or two hundred thbii*atid ??*? kII ?ho re? main of the millions that roamed unre? strained from coast to coast. Two cen? turies have swept them from the earth; a half century later the red man w ill lie a curiosity and n relic. Senator Daniel to the Farmers. Senator Daniel made a speech recently to an assemblage of farmers at Richmond. Va., and the following extract is taken from a report of il: II? pa'el a liijjh tril.ute to the Bgricuttarallfttl ol thl? country for their inti Ili^.-:ir-?-. Why aboald Ibey VwjKior! The f?rm?-r had no nuareIn what U called protection. He got no pro!eeti,.ri on Iii? wheat, cw. Ac. Mor? farm pr<?Iuri? nr.- rnlfd In tin United Stalea than we ran coasam?. Some talk"! of ! ?::!'} Injc up * home tnark'-t. bat ? home marki I f<? r *orplu* agriculture, he declared ?i:h cmpbasia, is an abaardity. It is hard to believe that Senator Daniel made the statements contained in the paragraph, as he is at once a well in? formed student of politics and incapable of making intentional misrepresentation of facts. So far from the farmer getting "no protection on his wheat, corn. A.c.." everything he raises, from the apples on his trees to the patatoes in his ground is protected. Rut for the duty on his pota? toes every market in the country would lie filled with the potatoes of Canada. Nova Scotia and Germany; and but for the duty on wheat the great wheat producing dis? tricts of Southern Russia and India, which are now being penetrated by rail? roads, would soon be able to ship wheat to >"ew York, sell it at sixty cent- pet bushel and make a profit on it. The con? sumption of Europe will soon be amply supplied from these districts where an able-bodied farm hand can be secured for forty" cents per week, and we shall have to rely exclusively on our home markets which have fortunately been built up by the development of our manufactures. Before these home markets, which Sena? tor Daniel seems to consider of no value to the farmer, existed, the American farmer got little or nothing for his pro? ducts. In 1829 wheal was selling in Ohio at 'II cents per bushel, corn and rye at I."> and *Xt cents, potatoes and oats, lb cents; butter ? cents per pound, and eggs '3 cents per dozen. In IS-J? Hon. Thos. Ewing, of Ohio, made a speech in the United States Senate in which he said: In abort, every portion of tie- world was searched by our Intelligent merchant*, and ?II combined '? i not furnish a market adequate to >>^r surplus pro? duction*. Every farmer in Ohio longkuea are! the pressure consequent upon this state "f thing-. Year after yeur their -.tucks wheat -:????! in. thra-ht"!, scarcely worth Ihe manual labor -A -? rntiiiir the grain from the ?traw; low \. i; r ducrd, in comparison with manufactured articles, thai I have known .'"rty bushel* of wheat giv< v. : -r a fair ..f Ik-.Ii.; such was the ?tat? ..f thing-; in Wettern country prior lo and ai the time re? el-ion ot the tariff in 1>'U "ur manufacture were nniiiliiln!?-<l: -?ur home mar k. ; i>a> thus cni off. The Post might be filled with similar ! extracts down to a much later period, j The McKinley bill increased the pre? viously existing duties on the farmers' products and Senator Daniel must have been familiar with its provisions. Wc take it. therefore, that he made no such Statement as thai attributed to him by the reporter: but he must have said much to ?how that he does not appreciate the value of our home markets. He has only to read Humboldt's very philosophic ac? count of tho improvement ol the farming interests in the Spanish American repub? lics by the building up of mining towns as well as examine into the history ol our own farm products to remove hi< present misapprehensions and to increase his estimatc of the value of home markets. The Senator's standing as a student and statesman, and his high character as a man who would scorn to mislead the unin? formed by any perversion of the facts of history demand that he should not allow such expressions to be attributed to him without correction. Parnell and Mrs. O'Shea. The downfall of Parnell furnishes n curious illustration of the hypocricy and injustice of what we call society, while it adds another instance of the baleful in? fluence of dissolute women upon the for? tunes of parties and the destinies of nations. The folly of the Irish leader has not only put an end to his political career, but it has closed thai of Gladstone :t wcll and postponed, it it has not entirely destroyed, the hope of home rule for Ire laud. It has split the Irish party in twain and put a quietus to Irsh effort and hope, as it was almost r. desperate under? taking at best lot Gladstone to attain the ambition of his old age with all the anti tory elements combined and animated I with the single aim. the liberation ol j Ireland. But how inconsistent is modern society; and. for the matter of that, society in all ages and all countries. The Prince of Wales has been time and again engaged in the most open liaison* with both mar? ried and single women: and on at least one occasion, was put in the witness box to testify to his triumph over the respon? sive and pliant will of a handsome mar? ried woman. He of course ?'perjured himself like a gentleman." and swore both to his own innocence and that of tin lady. Nevertheless there was a universal con? viction that he was guilty not only in the ense before the court but in numberless others; and no intelligent person in Kn glund will deny that this heir to the throne, this husband of n charming woman and father of a large family, is the most adroit und successful row in the kingdom. Yet the Prince is the head of English society, the companion of bishops and the partaker of the sacraments of the church, j Then there is our Duke of Marl borough whose gallantries have been the most open and the most shameless. Though married lo a handsome woman of high birth he deliberately devoted himself to the wife of another, occupied the same apartments with her for a time in Paris; and because of these relations his own wife secured a divorce as well as the husband ol the woman who abandoned herself to his embraced. His exposure in the divorce 1 suit of Lord Campbell against Lady Campbell where illicit relations were clearly established, is well known?where a divorce was granted upon the facts ad? duced and an open scandal filled the newspapers of both hemispheres. Yet his Grace comes to America, marries a beautiful widow with an income of .foOO, 000 per annum, is received at the court of the virtuous Victoria: ami after bathing j in the great social pool of Bethcsda. emerges to receive the grntulations and even the adulations of both England and America. It sec me indeed that the day has passed in England and is rapidly passing in this country for "Tli'?' tooty <!r\iU mlli-! Otticllo?. Who murder wonvn in b-d- of leathers;" and when a husband loses one wife by that process which men call gallantry and the gods adultery, he simply sets about to find another or another's. But there are times when virtue rises to a new and terrible importance. "We must make a stand against vice." say thf righteous. "Society needs an example." Whereupon all the various elements, the good who need no repentance and the hypocritical who seek by a ferocious zeal in behalf of morality to obscure certain failings of their own?all unite, jump on some poor devil who has been overtaken in a fault and fix him in the pilory of public scorn. In truth Mrs. O'Sbca has done the busi? ness for Parneil and the "Irish cause." What Helen did for Troy and Cleopatra for Antony, she has done for "the prince of patriots." It is to this lame conclusion the strug? gle of centuries has come. The w rongs of Ireland have been elaborated and argued since the days of Cromwell and date for centuries previous. They have been em? balmed in history by the poetry of Moore and the eloquence of Grattan; and the amount of solid cash alleged patriots have collected in this country, and in many [case; lavished upon their own lusts for the supposed rcliel of the lri-h poor land the success of Irish politics, I would almost it not quite pay our na j tional debt. Now- Parneil and Mrs. tO'Shea have by their playful and pic tu r I esquc diversions overturned plans and j prospects, knocked the Irish party almost out of existence; and Gladstone, who i? too old even to sympathize with the mis I fortunes ol this lusty couple, has been I thrown high and dry upon the barren j sands, a political w reck, at the end of a j brilliant political career. ; God help us all and keep us in the mid i die of the road! _. m ._ Thlkl is hardly a more corrupt brood j of politician- in the country than ate to I be found in Louisville. There are rings I w ithin rings, and the leading paper of the . town is always found supporting the ring that contains the biggest scoundrels and the most boodle. Fraud in arranging committees, fraud at the primaries, fraud j at the polls and fraud in the count?there : i- fraud on every hand. Numbers of men live by politics alone and lavish their pilfcrings for puffs of the press and on prostitutes of the pavements. There arc enough toadies among leading men to prevent any very 6Crious kick against the ring newspapers; and if they happen to be betrayed into a movement of inde I dependence and a temporary revolt against dictation, they crawl hack into favor and lick the wound- they have inflctcd. Be? tween servility on the one hand and vc j nality on the other it seems impossible j to secure and honest council or to mater? ially check the greed and misrule of the : numerous cliques and coalatious that en? rich themselves upon the helpless tax j payers. j Tit hit t: is. still only one mail per day by train to and from Bit: Stone Gap. Here is a matter for the grievance committee of the Commercial Club to investigate at once. Other places with not half or a third of tio- mail matter that comes to the Gap have two mail.- per day and they can be had here if a proper effort is made. Coder the present arrangement our East? ern mail remains at Bristol some twenty four hours before it is started for this point, and there is no time to answer letters on the same day they are received, j These delays often expose met chants and I other business men to the necessity of j paving heavy tolls t., the telegraph com? panies. It i- difficult to understand why ioiir postmaster doe- m>t make a more earnest effort lo oblige the public in this ! respect. Tin: country papers in Tennessee are J quarreling with each other over the ques? tion which one tiist nominated McMillan for the speakcrship of the next House, j The matter is not important. McMillan is I one of the most blathering members of that body, constantly springing up like a jumping jack, shooting off his mouth in season and out of season and never saving anything worthy of attention. He is as voluble as a fishwomau and as windy as oh; .Eolus himself. The few straggling iiairs that are ever straying over the top I of his head in a sterile waste of baldness j are typical of the weakness and wauder ; ing- of his ideas and he has a voice like j that of a crosscut saw. There is no possi? bility that be will ever he speaker of the House or of anything else except bad grammar and worse rhetoric. Tue Commercial Club will hereafter meet every Monday evening. It is hoped that the committees have been devoting themselves to their duties since the last meeting and will be ready to make full reports Monday night. The chairmen of several important committees have ap? peared a little dilatory and indifferent, though they are largely interested in the growth of the city and should give the Club their earnest support. There should be more zeal, more punctuality and more effective work. It is time now to look for results. Tue contest over the removal of the county seat of Wise county will be a bitter one; but there is no reason for either side to become wrought up over the matter, and threats of violence are not only inex? cusable, but if carried out to the smallest extent will injure the party represented by the aggressor. The best thing those who oppose the removal can do is to adopt some plan for improving the mails, so lit? igants, lawyers and others v. ho have busi? ness at the county scat can get there; otherwise it will be only a question of time when the court house will be re? moved to some more accessible point. The Post has no interest in the matter beyond this. It is understood that (Jen. Avers pro? poses to devote himself to the work of consolidating the various interests in and about Big Stone Gap under one manage-1 im: :, nnd it ie likely he will accomplish the object. It will he an admirable move for ;iie cifv and all interested in it. Monet i* scarce. Of course; how could it h? otherwise wlien we are compelled to patronize the Southern Express Company? It i.- worse than a faro hank. AIKY TONGUES. It will pain a large number of our four hun? dred to learn that Her Grace the Duchess of Marlborougb used the same compliments at Glasgow which she so lavishly bestowed ujkiii Big Stone (rap and the admirers who thronged abont her. The Duke even bought a lot at Glasgow, though I have found no one here who >n* the color of His Grace's money. He made many statement* about Big Stone (lap, how? ever, which he could hardly have applied to Glasgow, and one was that our timber was superior to anything he had seen in all his travels, the only forests approaching nurs in abundance and variety of hardwoods being : those of the Himalaya mountains. But the I thought that the Duchess should say the same j nice things to the ladies and gentlemen of : Glasgow that she said to our ladies and gentle j men causes us to bleed inwardly. Truly, as the opera savs, '?woman is changeable." k , * # * * The suggestion that a monthly reception be held at the Appalachian Club meets with en ; thustastic endorsement, and some of the ladies -ay they will furnish the refreshments if the club w ill supply the other necessary accesso? ries. Certainlv these occasions would be very enjoyable. There are a number of business : men here too much engrossed with material affairs to spare time for social \isits, and yet who feel the need of the refining and softening influence of female society. At these recep? tion- they could spend an hour or two and meet their lady friends, pay their compliments and feel the better tor it. Then there could be an occasional dance, and perhaps a cork or two drawn, a champagne punch is a glorious , thing. It is said Mrs. O'Shea is prostrated by the blow, and fears are entertained for her health, j Well she might be prostrated. Society i3 , loose and lenient, but at time* it inflicts a cruel ; vengeance. Think of the havoc here wrought! . It i- the reckoning after the banquet. It is a . reaciiou precipitated by exposure when remorse ' fails upon the prostrate sufferer and lashes her with scorpion tongues. Ah, it is better to keej the moral law in mind, like the (Eniuen ides of .tschylus, a threatening shawdow, rt straining desire and deepening the obligations of duty. * 9 The f iends of Mr. J. II. (irinies. jr., will be glad to learn that he has resumed the harness of journalism, and is at the head of a prosper? ous paper at Covington, Va., the Alleghany Sentinel. The New York World has been Sold to Geo. W. Childs and A. W. Dre.iel.the banker. The pric-- paid for it. with its new building and franchises, is said to be three and a half million dollars. 1'ulitzer retires because ?f ill health. In p ?int "f fact Childs ha* long owned a large if not a controlling interest in the World. At one lime Pulitzer was about to go to the ?all. and parted with a heavy interest. Childs being the purchaser. It is said one great object Child had was to get even w ith Dana, who had for years held him up to public ridicule. Dana . started the story that Childs wrote all the obituary poetry in the Philadelphia Ledger and in this way amassed a fortune. The impres? sion still exists that such is the fact, though perhaps Childs never wrote a line of poetry in his life. Dana quoted quantities of silly rot from the obituary columns of the Ledger, all of which were more advertisements, and at? tributed it to Childs. It is hoped now that the eutire management of the World will be changed. Cockerell is the only man en it .-?!' ability, and he has little culture, having been brought up fr?in boyhood in a newspaper office. Ballard Smith, who has charge of the corre? spondence department and outside news mat? ter, is a blatherskite of the first class ami a toady of the second. He has worked on nearly every paper in New York and his resignation requested by the management of each, but he ' got some hold on Pulitzer which no one could understand and has been for several years em? ployed in his service. He is a shallow fellow, full of fal*e pretenses and petty vanities. Cockerell, on the other hand, is the reverse, being a steady anil prodigious worker, with a natural talent fur journalism. Though the World has an immense circulation, it is frothy, scnsi tional and unreliable. I: has not a single able writer, with solid abilities, <>n its staff. Th ? Tory attacks on Partiell have aroused . the radical press of London to hitter retalia? tion. These papers are raking the English ; aristocracy over the coals at a lively rate, sparing no one. They even allude to the fact that the Duchess of Edinburgh, daughter of : tin- ''zar of Russia, and now the Queen's daughter-in-law, was blessed with an heir six months after her marriage, which may have been all right: but as Horatio says to Hamlet. "indeed, my lord, it followed hard upon." * * A '.ague report is in eirrulation that some aspiring republican brother is quietly working to displace Mr. John Goodloe, the postmaster, and to Step in his shoes. The argument thai is being used against the present postmaster is th..t he cares nothing for the office and de rotes little of his tiino to its details, being ! engr? ssed with other business. But should he not be disposed to surrender the position it . will not be an easy matter to supercede hiin.as ! the Coodloes are regarded as staunch republi? cans. If the new aspirant can secure certain backing, however, it is thought he will get there. -.-a* KITects of u liuoil Law. (Chattanooga Times.] IV earn ujhhi it""*! authority that the entire forc j ? ; cle ?s that hau-.led tie- lottery".- mails in the >V? : Orleat - post-office has been discharged, because there nothing for i: t? do. The income of the office from ? this --urc; was an average of ?!2u,oou a year: it hau practically all been cut off. The express companies ? bare reeonded the government in this work, anil the ' resol: i- the lottery's business, outside of the daily aud ? lekty drawings in tie; city, i% gone, completely ! gone. Tlie company's .-hares, that wer.- quoted at S1.400 before the law pas-ed. have fallen to fMO. ami nobody wani- them a: that. No Place To Move Too. (from the Washington Mirrur.j Tie re lives out ia Joe Cannon's district, in Illinois, an old farmer, who is a zealous republican, one of the red-hot partisan stripe. When he heard of Cannon's defeat in- aid to his wife, who is ma- of those women who oVy tl>. ir lord ami master blindly: "Mary, pack up everything. I'm t'oing to move." . "*WIy J :-.-kr<l Mary, . "Ik-cause Joe Cannon :- beat and I won't live in a I democratic district." j '-Very v ell." said Mary, with a little resigned i>igh. I Tlie; tl'- old n an went to town to sell hi.-farm. There he beard all ibe election news. He relumed home. ami. entering tie' bouse, -aid: '?Jlsry, you can qoil packlugnp. I ain't agoing to move. ' "V. y r" Inquired Mnr\. ?'Because,*" he replied sadly, "there's no place to move to." Cut. Glenu's Idea of Heaven. (From the Atlanta Journal.) "My idea of heaven," remarked Col. Hill Glenn, last ni ;ht, "is a place where two lawyers, who thor? oughly understand the cose, argue before an aide judge and impartial jury. Just argue, and argue and argue"? "And never finish tie' trial ;" ??Xev-T. A verdlci Would put nn end to my Idea ?f happiness, which consists in the Intellectual straggle. Nu, -ir; a verdict Would Ik- the other place." The Senatorial Situation in Kansas. (Prom tlie Kansas City Times.) Whenever you a man on Kansas avenue In Top >ka now with a suit of jiains clothes on, a corn? stalk in his hand, and a few straws scattered (a his hair, it ts pretty safe to ask him what he think - bis Chances aro for the United States senaiorship. STARTINO IN TI.HB. The T. iis Marplot Commrncej Kart y to Throw the Fat In the Fire. Fearing Some Other Idiot Will Get Ahead of Itlra. (Boston t;iobe.) Immediately after the election an inti? mate friend of Representative Mills wrote to him asking for his opinion on the coruse of the republicans in Congress during the coming session. Mr. Mills's letter, which follows, is important, as it is written very frankly and expresses his opinions without reservation. Mr. Mills writes: "In reply to inquiries I would say that the McKinley bill has had much to do in producing the changes, as shown by "the election on the 4th inst. "The country has been demanding lower duties and larger trade, an 1 Congress answered the demand by higher duties and smaller trade. The restriction of the markets for our agricultural products has been throwing a growing surplus on the home market and forcing down prices, and that has brought depression in all branches of industry. "The verdict of the people is for demo? cratic policies, free trade, lower taxes, less interference with local governments and larger liberty to individual action. "You ask me what w ill be the most im? portant measures which the second session of the Fifty-first Congress will consider. The Force bill will occupy much of the time of the Senate unless that body has learned something from the recent election. If they pass it the people will finish the work begun on the 4th. They are in no humor for having their government taken from them and placed beyond the reach of the popular will. A Federal apportion? ment bill will be considered and possibly passed. "The president and his party Jo not want a democratic House to have anything to ?ay in forming that measure. The demo? cratic States have been deprived of 2,000,- ! nod or 3,000.000 of their population by the refusal of the enumerators to trke the cen? sus of all the people, and now it will he at? tempt'd by the present Congress and the executive to pass a bill which will still further lessen their representation, in order to make more secure the hold of the republican party. "In reply to your question, who is to? day the strongest democrat before the j American people, I would say that in my I judgment (Inner Cleveland is not only the strongest democrat, but the strongr-t man of any party with the people: and he is grot ing stronger daily, not only by his own merits, hut by contrast with the pres? ent executive. Yours, truly. R. t^. Mills. "Corsicana, Texas. Xov. 7. 1890." HAD WEATHER FOR DKCEMHEK. Prospects for Cold and Rnlu for ThN Month, Due to the Excellem Weather of the Cast Thirty I)?.. r. Washimitok, Dec. 4. ? Prospects are good for very cold and oxece lingly wet weather in December. The record of temperature from January I, 1890, to dato, exceeds the n irmal tem? perature for the Famo time 800 degrees. The procipitation for the year has been 4.72 inches less than the average, the pre? cipitation for the month of November heilig only .16 of an inch. This is less than in any November in the uast eleven years, the least of any time previous he? ilig in November, 1883, when it reached 4.7.) inches. The execs? in temperature and the de? ficiency in precipitation, though not un? usual,are largely in excess of any previous time. The records in the Signa: office show that the temperature in seven of the cleveu rears has been above normal and the re? maining four below. ?Nothing has occurred, however, as yet in the Northwest to indicate any severe weather," said Scrgt. l'indell of the Sig? nal service yesterday. Thccoldost weather at any point in the United State? was at Cheyenne on November I, being 18degrees above zero. We have had but very little snow and very little precipitation for the past two weeks, and to bring our tempera? ture down to the average for this time of the year wc must have a mean daily tem? perature at least 26 degrees below the daily normal, which averages about 40 de? crees. This would bring us down to 14 degree- above zero, or 18 degrees below the freezing point. To equal the normal precipitation we must have nine inches of rainfall during the mouth. 1 think wc will cut down our excess in temperature about 4 degrees per day. The rainfall in the early [.-art of the month will he light ami well distributed. Wet weather will set in about the middle and continue to the end of the month. Mr. Flower on the Political Situation. [From tin Stainlard-l'nion. The Hon. Kos well I'. Flower, who has been re-elected to Congress by a larger majority than any member of that body outside of the Southern States, expressed his view of the situation substantially as follows: "Assuming," he said, "that the recent election was fought out on tili marits of the McKinley hill, as is claimed, it is cer? tain that the people have rejected it most emphatically. Hut it must he rt inetnbered that onlv two rears ago the pco de also rc jected the Milis bill. That bill' embodied the is.-ue made by Mr. Cleveland. The democratic party went to the jountry on that issue, with Cleveland as their candi? date, mid were beaten. Thei certainly never w as an election in this country where the issue of high or low tariff was more distinctly put before the peopb than that of 1888. It was almost the only issue. Therefore, inasmuch as the people have rejected both the Mills bill and the Mc? Kinley hill, the question forthc democratic party to consider now i-. or will be when they get the power of legislation in their hands, what do the people want".' The democrats in the Fifty-second Congress will not have it in their power t i repeal or materially modify the McKinley bill, with? out the aid of the republicans, .?hieb I do not expect they will get; nor wiii it be of any use for them to frame a iioi tariff bill, such as they think will meet tit- wishes of the people, except to show their hand. There will be two courses for the demo? crats in the first session of the Fifty second Congress to pursue, acci rding as a majority shall think best. One will be to draft a tariff bill on w hich, as a larty, they are w illing to stand in the election of 1892, and the other will he to hold the tariff question in abeyance until they get the Senate and are able to legislate to some purpose, and mcantimes to pass the neces? sary appropriation bills and adjourn." "Then you do not regard the late elec? tion as indicating anything very decisive, either oil the tariff question or presiden? tial candidates?" "No. I do not. On the tariff question the recent election, together with the elec? tion of 1888, indicates what tin people do not want, but not definitely what they do want. As to the presidency they do imt, in my opinion, make any man z logical or necessary candidate. Mr. Cleveland may be the candidate, or Governor Hill, or Pnt tisou of Pennsylvania,or some other man. The election is two years off, and there will be plenty of time to settle the question of candidates." Changes in the Kentucky Constitution. (\V. II. Heckner in IViucbester Den vr;a.: Quite a number of important changes have been made in the article relating to State officers. The governor is authorized to commute sentences, which he could not do before; and is required not only to give his reasons for a pardon or a remission, but to tile alt papers for public inspection. He may call the General Assembly together in special session, but it can only consider such subjects as he designates in his pro? clamation. He is given power to disap? prove of any item of appropriation with nnt vetoing the whole measure. All State officers except the auditor arc made ineiig iblc, sind be is only given tiro terms. The commissioner of agriculture is made elect? ive bv the people, and I got in an amend? ment which makes it a part of his doty to consider the interests of labor. Those who labor for their daily bread receive less consideration from legislators and men in authority than any other portion of the people; they have neither time nor money to haunt the halls of legislation, and .are usually ignored. The new bureau will l>e run partly for their benefit, and can I? made quite nseful, if they will be w ide awake in watching the election of its head. 1 made a fight to abolish at once the office of register of the land office, but the present register is quite popular and had worked up tiie opposition too vigor? ously. I cannot blame him. 1 got power for the legislature to abolish it. however: which is quite a gain. It is much easier to have an office created than to do away with one. WINTER FASHION.*. All About What to Wear at Every Hour of the Hay or Nicht. Indoor*and Out > of Door*, at the Theatre anil at a Tea. New York, Dec. 1890.?Nowadays it gcems as though the evening-gown were! rather out of it. Certainly one must "nave fitting evening attire and frequently the dancing costume is elegant, rich, costly and all that, but it is on the demi-toilet that fair woman really expends her taste aiNj the modiste her talent. The demi toilet. the dinner-dress, or reception gown simply mn*t be unique, novel?abo\-e all chic.' I will try to sketch briefly one of the most remarkable and striking of these dresses that has lately come within my range of vision. It is a dinner costume and it is a most poetic study in green and gold. To be? gin at the beginning?or thereabout. There is a jacket with a rolling collar that stand* straight up in the back, com? ing forward, follow* the eccentric lines ol the zouave front, and presents a facing or lining?whichever you will?of silk in a sort of goidett-fawn shade. The jacket. I should explain, is of dark green velvet, covered at the edges with heavy embroid? eries of gold. Underneath i- a waiscoat of the golden fawn smooth cloth. This waiscoat is distinctly in dircctoire style, fastening down the front, with a deep opening at the throat which is filled by the soft white lace folds of an incroyablc cravat. Th^ waiscoat divides at the waist but its sides are continued down upon the hips. The skirt is in a rich, pleasing shade of green?the fabric pe.au di >?">? und is -lightly draped, looping beneath the wais? coat to the left hip and so displaying a very little of the brocade peticoat which in its colorings represents all the hues seen in the -own. The sleeves were full to the elbow-, where they terminated in lace ruffles, being finished with light suede gloves. Mcdc slippers and embroidered green silken hose supplemented a very fetching toilet. iynoon fashions. It is indo-.rs that we are expending all our thoughts on dies.-. It is getting too cold to show more than our wraps outside, vou know, so home costumes are of im? mense importance to the very smallest detail, even to one's apron; Tea-gowns arc subjects of exhaustless studv and never ceasing invciition. One favored by ?.young Brooklyn lady, who i notablc for golden hair and a perfect ge? nius for lire--, is of fine white cashmere. This gown is made with traditional Watteau plait behind, allowing a full and extensive 5:-::in. in front a fall of white crep dechitn embroider ?1 in gold descends between double borders of white ostrich feather trimmings Negliges and break? fast gowns and sacqiies. too, are matters to which anxious thought i.- given also. They are mostly light and airy nothings of the most diaphanous fabri - adorned with lace and ribbons. A pretty street '.'own is of gray blue cloth made quite plainly, with border and trimmings if blue fox fur and togtte and mull* to match, and long boa ol the fur. Although the sealskin sacque is not looked upon with very much favor ti:i- season, cloth jackets arc worn which reach nearly or quite to t ilC k !?? CS. iiabxony of soft colors. A house dies-?a dress t" wear, you know, in the afternoons when though you don't much expect it,a visitor ma) happen in?is of two shad.-.- of gray, a ..effect harmony in that softest, mildest of colors. The materials are cashmere and crep di chiiii' and velvet, and they arc brought together thus: The body of the gown (which is upon tii.? princcsxc plan is of very pale, faint, gray cashmere, and is made with a short, round train. On the front thick fold of cr>t de chine coming from within the c illar enclose a piastron of deep slate-gray velvet, and are then drawn down to the waisl where they meet iua point. The full sleeves arc ol the velvet, and there is a baud or edging of the satue around the foot of the skirt. t?n the back the seam- are. oddly enough, marked with braiding i:i black silk. The gown is unit-ally graceful?au effect of the train, which is not often enough supplied to out house dresses. fashion notks. Persian lamb is enjoy ing a most general popularity, and even the imitation astra chan has been quite undeserved! re? vived. Whatever has become of the visite? Between them, the cap.- and the jacket have brushed aside the graceful little i;.ir iiicut until oblivion has seized upon its dainty beauty. If one wears buttons nowadays one wears them for sheer ornament and not for use. There is a fancy for using quan? tities of little round knobs of buttons in rows of live or six. or a dozeu. Don't wear -tone.- without having- first read up the current and ancient supersti? tious ancnt them, or your friend will con? vict you of crass ignorance. Know thai every precious st<me hath its story and its meaning, which, ??when found, in.ike a note of'." All bail the conquering boa. Be it fur or feathers, lace or even of flowers, the boa we have always with us. Nevermind, we arc likely to have fewer sore throats and kindred grievance.- among oar fair and fashionable ones. MIDSHIPMAN AND MONKEY. An luehlenl lo the Karly farcer of Capl. Schley, of the Baltimore. A naval officer recently told a story of Capt. Schley, the commander of the crack cruiser Baltimore, the officer who led the attack upon the forts of Corea when wc had trouble with that country, and the man who so brilliantly conducted the Grcclcy reliet expedition. The first Japanese embassy that came to this country was sent home in the United States frigate Niagara. This country, being desirous of opening up trade with Japan, paid every attention t? the mem? bers of the embassy while they were here, and the splendid Niagara was specially fitted out to take them home. Temporarv quarters were, fitted up sumptuously tor them aft on the spar deck. They were given to understand that the ship and her officers and crew were at their command. The voyage was pleasant, and all was well until Cape Town was left. A Stop of sev? eral days was made there. When the Niagara hove up her anchor and resumed her voyage there was an additional mem- i her of the embassy contingent; He was a I tame hahboou, and had been bought by j one of the chittfcst of the Japanese pas? sengers. He was an ?'amoosin' enss," withal, but very free and unclean!) in his habits. He took liberties with the iiuar- ! tcr deck that brought upon his head many j an anathema from the officers of the ship i and her crew; for there is one thing that I every one on board a man-of-war takes; particnlar pride iu, and that i- ? Iiis floating liome a* clean as cv< kitchen of thrifty housewife. Captain Schier was then a mi ;, and was on the Niagara. Hi sixteen years of ago hfgh-ln i very prankeomc. He chafed si dor the restraint of man-of-war ?I and so often broke mil of houn was freely predicted that, \hile h in the service might 1"" a rery In exhilarating one, it would also One bright morning the Niagai ing along in the Indian ocean veil aide thirtcen-knot breeze b< sails and singing through In The decks hzd been washed down dried. They were as spotless linen. Midshipman Schley a is watch on deck. There cam- fi bassy quarters the "diplomat He offended as he had offended before. Schley could not stai Stood bj a slush hucket on tin He calh d the Simian to hit i. him with his hand. He then tool ful of oakum, and. dipping liquid grease in the hucket, m boon's tail thoroughly Inbricous There was something in S which showed that he was scheme of revenge and destru i a rope's end he gave the luhlx ? ? four smart blows. The ugh brui diatcly took ro the rigging, in had so often sported liefore. lowed him for a fen feet. I reached the height of Ibc which he sprung. He ran niml the yard arm. and then made ll ? of his life. Wrapping bis tail foot rope, he swung head dowim nothing below him but blue wat. the prehensile function of hi- t.. destroved by the lubricating i had given it. Aaacouscqucn with a wild yell, plunged into i ocean and was seen no more. Schley's excuse to the capt. ship for what be bad done wa could not have prevented thedh "pass.-nger from committing so if he had orders to that effect stern face and a twinkling eye t| told the lad lo co and sin no mo WIIKN. (.Bj I?. T Mallet! . W|hii you Sind a success von will notice that his bus i -? edge is superior to that of eusi When you select a business : his failings to avoid them. W, . imitate evil, hut the good is oi hv persistent effort. When you rind yourself bottom of the bidder, remeiti there is good breathing room at I When you are told thai tin ? \ people love to he humbugged." thai theV also object to a persm edge of the fact. When you allow business to worry your mind, it is a- sun 1 that your adventure is a "siz* I When one expects til tic In disappointed. Enthusiasm is tl success. When you word an advertise! member thai the public judgi - ness in a measure by the met In d therefore avoid copving othei ideas. When a paid service i pleasant '?thank you" i.- al? i ow n interest. When you seek a medium : rising, remember that the the journal often colors I hi advertise;-. When you have the abilii cause your customer lo In your goods, your prices, vom i yourself, you can justly coi - a skillful manager. When, after years of indusii . hie credit is obtained, renn false steji may diaolve it in . When you are told that -. gathers no moss."also remix i ling hen gathers ho fat." !i lirely guided by old *'saws." When there has been a busim sion of from three to live year* for an advance. When you are buying goods ? that politeness is then as inm personal interest as when you .. When a draft is presented : which is due. do not refuse to ho account of pique. When you engage an employ fixed term, as a year, his mit: I thercbv settled, his services Im c< hi reliable. When exhibiting a line of goi : the cheaper grades first, to avoid dicing tin* buyers mind at the -t.. When prices are inflated and - tioti rile, prepare for .?. financial | When arranging goods on alii <>r counter, place the smaller om the door, as it is more natural t" of the customer. When a customer appreciate understand your business, and ? interest as well as your own, gained his confidence. When your jobber adds i c packing to face of invoice. ii. du is no justness in your paying In? directly, even if it has the - custom. Wl en a bill of good- is reci ??allow.nice for freight." deduct ' discount from the face of ti When you are m.iking at with a person of a suspi ; - avoid commending too highly be prefers. When you choose a busim -- embark in the vicinity of your i . the "droppings" of old conci often been the stepping slon ? successors. When your feelings arc t moved by unfounded crili? - an inner consciousness of rig you an-not true to your bctli I - W hi ti you are making i I remember thai it is thecouiuiis buyer's ignorance which s?< Iis of the seiler. When you believe others, I? when you rely 0:1 yourself. 1? h it is a verv mean man who will 1 Self. When you have made a I 1 along a certain line, avoid >!? ?? if. The avenues of success narrowing. Orlgiti <>r An Old ?all ul (Philadelphia Keei r I The name of Lord Ellcnboi death i.- announced, was in hi- ? eiatcd with that of Queen thi Victoria. It was a mattei rumor that the two young pe ? voted 10 each other, and thai I queen insisted that she should as her consort. But reasons ? railed over love, and young was given a commission in fin wcnl to India, where he distil . self. His romantic love alt writing ufa ballad, which u iu tiie driwing-rooms of ??? 11 the first \erse of ?luvI. ??>.;- as I 1*11 baut my harp ?n a will?? I II ..It III lie war- ag du A peaceful borne ha? uu , harm The hattle-ttetd no oaln; Tlie Inly I l<i\e will mmm be i With a diadem 041 r bl Uli. ?ii v .ii.l -!iv Baiter mj I* Sin'? gulag ;?? I. aye mi .. ? A Covlngtou Knlrrpi 1 (Alteghanj Seutln TI;- negotiations whleb bay? b ? 1 day- between Mr. K. J. Wrd.jr.. ?: ' the C<n in.(..ii Improvement ? ..hij- - fecrtring the removal tiem IVnits] !? ? .?? Mr. Bird's immenve iron plant. ? last Tuesday. This enterprise was already ?<v . j bin! was concerned, but ib<- cow| ?J.">!u bist, to consider the mailer, I Invealigatloru a> were right and |i lion of such magnitude.