Newspaper Page Text
W. C. ROBINSON & CO.
Xh? Loading .lewclcw. BIG STONE GAP, VA. WATCHES, CLOCKS, SILVERWARE, SPECTACLES, ETC. W. C. ROBINSON & CO. VOL. I. BIG STONE GAP, VA., FB1DAY, JANUARY 9,1891. NO. 21. WAR WITH ENGLAND. thorr I* ? Cload lu tJn? Kantern Itorlxon ?>??? had i?* ?irth In the ItrhrliiK SOME THREATENING: TALK. Wasbinctos, D. C., January 8.?The Dre*idcnt to-day transmitted to the House of Representatives f?rt her correspondence the subjeel "i the Behring .-.-a contro between the United States and Great Britain. The president's message is altogether formal and merely states thg| in res].sc to a resolution of the House of Representatives he transmits the correspondence called for. A Setter from Secretary Maine also accompanies the correspondence, hut it is purely one of transmittal. The correspondence transmitted by the president is made up of two very long letters i a ?umher <>t' enclosures, com? prising treaties, notes, and extracts from previous correspcndeucc, which Mr. Maine ^hv.*. concludes the correspondence touch? ing tf"' fur-seal question up to date. dn of these letters is from Lord Salis hurt Sir .J uli;;? Pauncefole, thcUritish Minister, dated August 2, l-'?>, and the other was addressed by Mr. Blninc to the British Minister December IT. last. Lord Salisbury's letter is confined to a discussion of the Russian ukase and the treats ol 1825. Hi- urgUCS that Blaitie ha* misinterpreted Mr. Adam's position, and declares that the history of tin- case shows tii ?t El gland always denied Russia's claim of maritime jursidiction in Behring sea; that !!:<? convention of ]>?;:, ?ras a renunciation of that claim, and Behring sea was not then Known by that name, but afi a part of the Pacific ocean, lie closes with ti c statement that if differ? ences -til! exist his Government is ready fur impartial arbitration of those differen? ces ht methods t" he agreed upon in con? cord with Mr. Blaiue. loin OS 01 THIS COL'JCTttV. Secretary Blainc's letter begins with | mi iiisistauce upon the correctness of the position assumed In the United Stales. He believes thai the controversy turns upon one point?via., whi ther the phrase ?'Pacific ocean" used in the treaties of ItfcM and I "??.'?"> include Behring sea. as con? tended !?>? Great Britain. If the United Stat>- can ; rove the contrary her ease is complete and undeniable. Therefore, Blaine enters into an exhaustive argument based on Bancroft's history and maps to show that Adams and his contemporaries bad a distinct understanding that the phrase "Pacific ocean" excluded the waters ol Behring sea, thru known to all tin world as tin- sea of Kam-eliatka. The Secretarypoiuts to the large wealth lit the Russian-American Company, which, he sars, would have been carelessly thrown away U\ the Russian nobility in a phrase trliich merged Behring sea i:i the Pacific ocean. He cites the long years of absti? nence from the seal waters by the adven? turous people of the United States and (?real Britain as a presumption of their Imok of ri^'ht to enter. As stronger evidence of bis correctness, Mr. Blaine cites protocols of the treaty ol 1821 to s!i"? that Russia's relinquishmcut of jurisdiction applied only to do- territory between the fiftieth and sixtieth degrees; also nn explanatory note from Russia to Mr. Adams in lt>24, positively excepting the Aleutian islands and the country of fifty-nine degrees three minutes from the concession to the United States of the rieht t,, fish and t rude. lie aim cites tin uctioti of Great Brit? ain excluding vessels from the waters within eight leagues of St. Helena when Xapolean was confined there, and again refers to the protection exercised over] Die Ceylon pearl fisheries by Great Brit ?in saying that he is willing to accept Ihosi provisions for the protection of the seal-fisheries. He - ol the enormous injury indict? ed by vessels under the British flag upon United State, fisheries, and suggests that she send an intelligent commissioner to the seal islands. THt. ritOI'OSEt? AltBITUATlON OBJECTED TO. Again he objects to the form of the pro? posed arbitration, and says it will amount to something tangible if Great Britain will consent to arbitrate the real questions discussed for I ho last four yours to wit; Whal cere the rights oxcrcised by Russia In Behring sea; How far were they con? ceded byGreal Britain: Was liehring sea ijj" juded in the Pacific ocean: Did not the United Slates acquire all of Russia's rights: What are the preseut rights of the luited States? And if the concurrence of t?rcat Britain is found necessary, then ?hat shall be the protected limits and the close sea. Secretary Blaiue, in conclusion, denies Bin i ? L'uited Statos ever olaimod Behr? ing seat bi a closed .-ea, and quotes A]in MJterPlielps in ISSS, where he says the question is not applicable to the preseut Crthv. Jingo Ittaine. Losnoji, Ems., Jan. 8.?The Foreign Office this evening has issued the follow? ing communication to the press in regard to the Beriiing sen dispute: The state Bents cabled respecting the correspond? ence on the Bering sea question between 'he British und American governments are unfounded. A dispatch was received December .'HMh from Mr Blaine. lb, made proposals re ?pccting the questions to be submitted warbitratiou, With this exception no oomuiuiiieatiuti whatever has boon rocoiv ?dfrom the United States on this subject '? 'he past three week-., and ifo cominu ""cation has I,, , ,, made to the American 1overnmiMU i? the same period." This communication was printed and ??nt.t0 *H the newspapers audnewsagen Londou.il being the evident desire ' government to give t|?. document ?e widest publicity. The Foreign Office ?,ost e mservsitive department, and Z.,r:"" " Copied, regard to the '*Uw ? :< ?ar.lit.tr innovation ?l, !' l>USua ""?"'"?d of procedure and 2" ? ,'! belief- that a eri , ' usbenes controversy has reached. ?fSiifiS? hy Vi:M utbe pr?p*r?% latMjn " '"<i"!y a British industry, " "Oiiuon alone. Ofh,!!."' PMblication of the Foreign \*??ZSi d M,B?"??tJ oiiiee have been Utas Im- provei, fruitless. ^rrff? ?rTLc Standard to-day 6 Iba bering K,..a dispute says: "Wc have a very unpleasant aspect. The rupture between England and America can not be mentioned without feelings of deep regret. America may count upon receiv? ing the full measure of courtesy, patience and firmness which England has already displayed. Hut Mr. Blaine will do well to hear in mind that firmness will be com? mensurate, should the moment arrive for its exercise, with the patience and court? esy with which he hns so far been treated. He seems extravagantly anxious to put himself wrong. Minister Lincoln cannot ton soon on his return devote himself to ascertaining the resolutions of our For? eign Office and communicate them to his government. There is not a person in England but would hear it proposed with profound regret that a shot should be exchanged between British and American vessels except in courtesy, bat it would excite greater regret to hear that the British flag had been insulted and the tin j tional honor not vindicated by prompt re? prisals. '?lint we can never believe that the American people will suffer its public ser? vants to force a conflict by wanton out? rage upon nur (lag. We will gladly bow to the tribunal of international law but not to the nod of Mr. Blaine. We trust ! that he will nol persist in a menace which ; is certain to be resented and resisted." RUN ON LOUISVILLE RANKS. Small Depositors Recomc Uneasy and .viuke )i Dash for Their ( ash. LociSViLl.k, .Ian. 8.?There has been j more or less of a run on all the banks in j this city for the past two days, the Masonic i Savings bank being the greatest stillerer. All have weathered the crisis successfully, though at times (here was much excite? ment on Main street and apprehensions] entertained lest the large depositors fol? low the example of the smaller ones and a panic ensue. All danger has now passed however and business has resumed ils normal condition. Uneasiness was felt about (he Louisville City National which Pope robbed nndof which Leech is cashier, as the bank has never fully re? covered from the robbery. The Masonic Savings bank on the other hand i-= regarded as one of the strongest iu the city. Money is plentiful both in New York and London and con? fidence is now fully restored. RAILROAD RECEIVER. The Itichuioii?! & Danville in Financial Deep Water. Nor polk, V.\.. Jan. 1.?The Atlantic A: Danville Railroad Com].any has been placed iu the hands of a receiver. On Jan. 3d, a bill of complaint was filed in the Circuit Court of the United States in this city by I?. Ncwgass &Co., bankers, of London, against the railway company for the payment of a judgement in the sun I of $3(fc!,&i!l rendered in their favor on j Jan. 2, 1S!M. The complainants say that the Atlantic .V Danville railroad has no interest iu any personal property that can be subject to levy, so that f he said process is unavailable. The moneys for which the judgement was rendered were ad? vanced by Ncwgass & Co.. for the pny I incut of employes' maintenance, repair and improvement of the road bed, etc. Till. SEW YORK MEETING. Much Interest Taken by the Bond and Stockholder? <>r the II, s. <;. [in. pro vein en t Company in the New York Meeting. Louisville, Jan. s.?Much interest is taken here among those interested in big Stone Gap in the proposed meeting of the bondholders in New York on the '.'1st. There will be a good representation from Louisville, and though it is difficult to learn w hat plan of action has been form? ulated, it is quite certain that the repre? sentation from this place will urge some decisive if not radical action iu regard to the affairs of the Improvement Com? pany. There has been much dissatisfaction, and it will likely take a positive and per? haps an aggressive shape. The bond? holders will not talk for publication, though your correspondent hits tried haul to interview them, but they have a deter? mined look and seem to know more of w hat is iu the wind than they are willing to say. I do not assume to know what will be done, but the mcctiug will be an inter? esting one. TWO IMPORTANT SUITS DECIDED. Title to n I.arm- Tract of Laud Near the Gap Determined. The case of E. 1!. Moon vs. the Virginia, Tennessee ami Carolina Steel A; Iron Com? pany, which has been pending for sonn time before Judge Kelly,of the Abingdotl circuit, was decided on Monday last in favor of Moon. Title to about 1,400 acres of fine coal land on Loony creek, near the Gap, is involved iu this suit. Moon bought this land about three years ago from Kelly, and gave a deed of trust for un? paid purchase money, in the payment of which he defaulted, and the trustee was on the point of selling the land under the provisions id' the trust, when an injunc? tion was served on him by Moon, which hud been granted b\ Judge Kelly. The trustee, however, proceeded with the sale, claiming that the injunction was obtained fraudulently, and was subsequently void. The Virginia, Tennessee ami Carolina Steel ? Iron Company, became the pur? chasers, and the effect of the present decision is that the injuetion was prima facie valid and consequently that the sale was a nullity. Under this decision it seems that the land would have to be sold again, and the final ownership will be a matter of much doubt. The land would undoubtedly bring much more than the former purchase paid, which was about $50,000, as it con? tains some of the finest coal openings in this county. The case will undoubtedly be appealed. Another case of importance decided by Judge Kelly at the same time, was that of the heirs of Henry S. Kane, of Scott county, against the Virginia Coal & Iron Co., in which the plaintiffs sought to set aside a sale of land made to the de? fendants about ten years ago, on the ground of inadequacy of consideration. The case was decided in favor of the de? fendants. -. Emma Abbott Dead. Mixnkuoi.is, Jan. ".?Col. John T. W?at has K ceivitl a telegram ?tatln? that Kmma^bbott died at Suit Lake City at 7:4(1 this morning. The body will b? ettbaiDMd and mu( i<> Chicago. Her fpther, Seth Abbott, who liven here, will ?q to Chicago, .She wa* the richest actress In the world, und one at the richest women iu this country. Her fortune way be put down easily ot ft,(MX),t>00, and aonio even esU mate it lit more. POLITICS FOIt 1892. Hlamc, Harrison and Something Almut the Alliance Party?' CLEVELAND AND SILVER. Washington, I). C, Jan. 7.?Tlie con? tingent clamoring for Blaine as again the presidential Richmond must take him rather for what he was than what lie now is. The disparity of comparison be? tween the man twenty years ago and now is marked. Then he had pluck, dash, aggressive force, the qualities t" dazzle. The Blaine'of to-day no is more than the slippered Pantaloon. Not only has age touched him with its infirmity, but in every attribute which heretofore marked him great the decadence is too manifest. This man lias been the striking charac? ter iu American history, lint he never won his honors save in the battles of his party. In action superb, creative, magnet? ic, courageous, passive, though the trans? ition is so great as to be the metamor? phose. When Mr. Blaine became Mr. Harrison's secretary of State he placed himself in voluntary exile. The large following which had faithfully followed under the white plume of his leadership was lost. Either powerless to aid them or disin? clined, he did not. His became the exile's life, and access to him almost barred. His interest suddenly became self inter? est only, and those who had claims upon his generosity were expected to remain contcUt with his own elevation. This criticism may indeed seem harsh, but it is trrue as Holy Writ. The active, virile, relentless "Jim blaine." of the erstwhile days has been absorbed in the more sedate blaine of the sere and yellow leaf. The aggressiveness which iu the earlier years, made him both conspicuous and great, has given away to a conserv? atism, which, if either genuine or assum? ed, has so completely changed him as to leave iu him only the grateful reminis? cence of what he was. J do not really think Mr. Blaine desires the presidential nomination. Those who speak as having authority assume to say that he seeks this high preferment only should it unanimously gravitate to him. This predicates the impossible thought that ambition in every other aspirant has died out. Udismisses president Harrison. Sherman. Algcr, McKinley. Reed and oth? ers worthy to be named, of their own vol? untary act. It is impossible to expect such sacrifice two years hence as it proved itscll to be two years ago. But .if Mr. Blaine is not solicitious to make the battle president Harrison is. What the premier of the administration now lacks in mettle, the head of it has iu largesse. The w ant ef courage can not be charged truthfully against the now incum? bent of the executive office. And survey? ing the entire horszon of his administra? tion, it is loyal certainly to the party; in policy in direct line with it. No laconic from any public writing or utterance of the president served as a club against it in the recent disastrous campaign. Mr. lilaine can not plead so well, for he gave to the opposition a memorable shibboleth. The necessity.of the republican parly just now is for a great leader. The time was when, under existing conditions. James G. lilaine would have taken advau tage of the situation. But under the di?-j agreements now prevailing within it no small man can take the helm. It is be? cause Mr. blaine has been in his day the colossus he is now looked to to safely deliver the hosts. It is a great party .will? ing to lie itself to the shadow of what once was. The reminiscence is BOOthicg to the senses, but the actual personality no lon? ger is. Upon fiscal policy the entering wedge is driving deeper. To-day the majority fa? vors free silver, and will get it unless intercepted with the tyranny of legislative rules or presidential veto. On the.McKin? ley tariff the division is marked. The radical si rides made in I he legislation of the last congressional Bessioti has given away States bordering on the Ohio and Mississippi line This defection means death, for the life of the republican party is with the western rather than the east? ern States. It seems to nie that free coinage is the simple problem of the clamor for more money. It is the choice between a metal- | lie currency aud fiat money. The protest j against it conies more largely from the national banks, and yet these institutions may be hurt otherwise. Already a bill is pending in the banking and currency com? mittee which will make every individual who has a public security of the United State- a national banker. Under it every such holder can, upon demand, deposit his bonds aud receive thereof a new medium of circulation, to be called a national bond j certificate. These are to be interchange-: able as money and pass as currency, i Meanwhile the bond in the treasury, held as collateral for the issue, is to draw inter- j est. But, says the national banker to this individual: ??Such apian is preposterous." But the answer is found iu the fact that that is precisely what the national banks now do. The plan simply makes the government a lender of money on its own securities, and gives the privilege of bor? rowing it to the Individual rather than confining it to the money corporation. This would be a blow at discounts which ; might quite materially affect bank profits. the kaumku8' alliance. The defeat of Wade Hampton as United Stall's senator from South Carolina, and i the possibility of the defeat of Mr, Iugalls, iu Kansas, recalls vividly to my mind the statements made six mouths aud more ago by Colonel L. L. Polk, the president ol the National Farmers'Alliance, 1 had chatted with him at much length touching the aims and purposes of the organization of which he is tho executive head. I re? call his statement that the organization w as after new blood, and would get it even though it invaded States and politically unhorsed its older idols. "1 would not be surprised, said he, "if in the attainment of such ends to see the condition of affairs of South Carolina such that the Alliance, and not the Democracy, would choose the next United Sta*tes Senator from that State, and that the Alliance, and not the republican party, would choose the uext L'nited States Senator from Kansas." When such prediction was made jt seem? ed boastful, forasmuch as South Caroliua was firmlyweddcd to the Democracy, and Kansas with nearly 100,000 majority to the party of opposition, and yet the proph? ecy in one naif is now true history, with the chances of the other half being made good. Those who imagine the Farmers' Alli? ance has expended its force and that its power will contract henceforth reason 11? logically- It, indeed, may have it* owu national ticket in the uext presidential campaign Such a contingency would distract all calculation iu such States as Kansas, Iowa, Nebraska and Minnesota iu the West, aud the producing Southern Stutcs of Alabama, South Carolina and Georgia more especially. It is such fear that has drawn forth the suggestion from politi? cians of note and judgment that the next presidency for its settlement may he thrown into the house of representatives. It is the fact that there exists in every State a contingent dissatisfied with both of the great political parties. The Far? mers' Alliance party offers the refuge to such as cry a plague on both your houses, nnd its power to appeal to the class dis? contented with existing conditions is of tremendous force, because it offers to the hope, at least, the dawn of better days for such as have been waiting for them from the day of birth. A national farmers'ticket which could successfully carry for its electors the votes ofoncortwo of the western and southern States, would keep from the candidates of the greater organizations a majority of the electoral college. This would throw the election into the house of representa? tives. Of course, under such an unfortu? nate condition, a democrat would he elect? ed, as the house already chosen, would elect the president, has a majority of the votes of all the State?. cleveland and silver. I heard to-day thai a prominent member of the National Silver Congress had writ? ten a letter to Ex-President Cleveland asking him if it were true he had changed his views.and was no longer the antago? nist of silver. As this'question promises unless soon settled to be an issue in the National canvass. Mr. Clevelands reply, if he makes one, will he read with more in? terest I nan any writing proceeding from his pen since his celebrated tariff reform message to Congress. On the 24th of February, 1885, -Air. Cleveland, in his let? ter to General A. J. Warner, who at that time was Chairman of the Coinage Com? mittee of the House of Representatives said: "1 hope that you concur with me, and with the majority of our fellow citizens, in deeming it most desirable at the pres? ent juncture to maintain and continue in use the mass of our gold coin, as well its the mass of silver already coined. Tin's is only possible.by a present suspension of the purchase and coinage id'silver." If these be now (Irover Cleveland's views, it is hard to see in the light of the present ho? be could again be elected President of the United States. W.C. M.uB. liKTlKM.Vi; TO COAL. The Great Pennsylvania furnaces Mak? ing the Change. Pittsburgh, Jaii.7?Owingto the scarcity of gas the changing of puddling furnaces for using coal is being pushed as fast as possible. At the present time there are about fifteen mills in the county in which coal is partly, or altogether, being used for fuel. At the Republic Iron Works, one department of twenty-six single, pud? dling furnaces are being remodeled for the use <d' coal, in another department of fourteen double furnaces these all will have to be torn down owing to their not being adapted to the use of eoal; either natural or artificial gas must be used. For this reason double puddling furnaces are not very numerous. The most in use in any mill are in the National Tube Works Co.'s No. 4 mill. These works re? cently added fifteen of these furnaces and they will now have to come down. At the Clinton mills, the live double puddling furnaces are standing idle, while the sin? gle furnaces are using coal. In the Mill vale mill the puddling department is equivalent to thirty-six single puddling furnaces, but on!/ twenty-one of these are singb'. At this mill there are two quad? ruple furnaces, being about the only ones ol' their kind about Pittsburgh. The to? tal output of a quadruple furnace in one turn is 12,000 pounds, while of a single furnace it is only 2,500 pounds. At Jones .V Laugh I ill's mill nearly all of the niitcly foui furnaces in both puddling depart? ments have been changed back to coal; coal-slack is being used under the boilers and gas is still used in the finishing de? partment. All of the furnaces in the Sligo mill arc now using coal and this leaves but two mills on the South side with a full supply of gas, the fortunate ones being A. M. Byers ?V Co. and J. Pain? ter iV Sons. On the north side of the river the Keystone mill of Lindsay A" Mc Cutchcou is the only mill with a full sup? ply. In the neighboring mills, the Klba Iron & Boll Co., Continental Tube Works, Pennsylvania Tube Works, Pittsburgh Tube Works and Morchead, McClcane >x Co., the supply is short. There is no question but what the sup? ply of natural gas in this city is falling oil'. Though the gas has been cut oil' from the puddling furnaces, no increase is no? ted in the domestic supply, and consum? ers are displacing it everywhere for the use of eoal. The several gas companies are becoming greatly alarmed at the fall? ing oil'in their revenues ami have decided to make the last strong effort to increase the supply. Accordingly the Philadel? phia Co., the largest supplycrs of gas in the city, is testing the gas belt from the Maple Creek field to the Ml. Morris field. They have rigs up, and others contracted for that will almost extend into the State of Maryland, and the drills will be pushed to the bottom. This w ill be one of the most thorough and expensive tests made by any company. Two Killed Lexington, Ky., January, 7.?A special this afternoon states that the C. & 0. ex? press due in this city at 5.45, went through a tn stle three miles east of Stepstone and Engineer E. A. Hilburn, of Huntington, W. Va., and L'd. McNeil, of Kilgore, Ky., were killed. Hilburtt's body was found and removed to the sleeper. The body of McNeil could nut be found, and as the engine, tender and express were burned it is supposed that his body was consumed in the flames. None of the passengers were hurt. The Kentucky Central Kallroail. New York, .Ian. S.?At a special meet? ing of the Louisville & Nashville directors the purchase of the Kentucky Central was ratified and the property taken possession of. Then the following directors of the Kentucky Central were elected: M. II. Smith, J.B. Probst, William Martens, J. A. Horsey, Thomas Kutter and E. Norton. M. H. Smith was elected president of the Kentucky Central and A. W. Morris sec? retary and treasurer. Huntington re? mains vice-fireside ut. BIG RAILROAD MORTGAGE.; Tito East Tennessee Files One for 915,000, 000 on Its Prosperity. Ksoxvillk, Ti:xn. Jan. ".?Tin; East Tennessee, Virginia & (ieorgia railroad company to-day tiled u mortgage in thlscounty U> the Central Trust Com? pany t?r SlSJMO^OO. Tiio deed reeit.-s thai the fuuiln are in be used t<> build extensions, branches, etc., and to doable track the sisiu line. It iiUo provides that a fund may be raised to retire the bonds issued in 18.ST. Toe bonds ran fifty years ami boar 5 per CiUit interest hi (Tolii. Tie.1 mortgage is on ail the property of the company. BRISTOL'S DIL EH A. AlKSIglit Whisky Mills or a Vote Against Railroad Bonds, QBaurrou Tkn.n., Jan. S.?Last Saturday night the Hristol, Tfim., council instructed the jwllce to sen tiiat the saloons close at dark. This evening it is re? ported tlmt the liquor men arc^goiug tu defeat the ? subscription to-morrow or make the authorities 1ft thtm sell liquor all night. The citizens arc some? what excited about It, but the wise ones nay u? fear i need be apprehended. INDIAN MASSACRE. Indian Situation a Most Serious One, and tue Signs all Point to a Terrible and Bloody Conflict Before Next Sabbath. SETTLERS IN DEADLY PERIL. Chicago, Jan. 8.?The Bee correspond? ent telegraphs as follows from Pine Ridge Agency, S. I).. via Rushville, Neb.: As to the situation here, considered in its en? tirety, the indications are that the great? est battle in Indian history is almost at hand. The alarming reports of every scout adds new and strong support to these indications that were only empha? sized by the bloody affair on Wounded Knee. General Miles believes exactly this and has said so iu strong words and the small handful of Indians employed here affirm it. before the terrific clash comes they want to try to rescue their relatives from the enemy's camp and are now talking with the authorities for per? mission, at the risk of their lives, to make the attempt. These Indians in the gov? ernment employ also express the hope that they can induce many of those who were friendly before the Wounded Knee battle, and were remaining here according to in? structions, to also come iu and be saved from the certain death that awaits them in the ranks of the bostiles. Extensive rifle pits are reported as being dug twelve miles west by the hostilcs aud the report is of such a nature that the authorities rely upon its truth fulness. Last night the hostilcs burned many houses belonging to settlers along White river, and finished killing the last of the great herd of government cattle that they raided so heavily about a month ago and have been drawing tu ever since. With? out desiring to make the situation a par? ticle darker than it really is, for God knows the truth is haul enough, every? thing const rains mi1 to say that the dan? ger in which Pine Ridge Agency's white populace stand at this hour ami must re? main until the crisis is all over, is ONE or Till; MOST fearful i'krilb that can be well imagined. 1 say this, not for a moment forgetting and knowing perfectly what military protection we have here. Since General Miles arrived he has received the most urgent admoniti.on from the administration to avoid further blood? shed. Kurther bloodshed, however, can not be avoided, and before the light of an? other Sabbath morning the truth of the assertion will have been proven. 'I here is a rumor current in official cir? cles here that a general call for volun? teers to protect adjacent territory will lie made. The shooting of an Indian war arrow, covered with pitch partially burned last night, created considerable comment. The Indians have a superstition that if the first fire arrow fired into the enemy's camp is extinguished in its flight, it is evidence that their contemplated raid w ill be a fail? ure. The arrow that came in last night was shot from the north and barely missed the head of a teamster who was unhitch? ing his team a few yards south of the ho? tel where the correspondents ait; (gar? tered, which is nearly the center of the agency. Cen. Schoficld said that an inveuttga tiou of the Wounded Knee tight is proba? bly now being conducted by Gen. Miles. The general management of the tight is also to be looked into, but the particular point in question is the death of women and children. Considerable criticism against Col. Forsvthc's suspension is heard in the War department, 1' seems to be directed against the policy of relieving an officer during the progress of a campaign, instead of wailing until after the troubles nre over. As to the charge that Col. Forsythe al? lowed his men to kill women and children it is asserted that if would be impossible iu the hurry and confusion of an unex? pected fight anil subsequent stampede and pursuit to delect the sex of the Sioux. One officer remarked: "II is preposterous to say that it is necessary in an Indian skirmish to slop firing long enough to find out just what you are shoot? ing at. The women and men look very much alike in their blankets, and the for? mer are quite as fierce fighters as the men. A Sioux squaw is as bad an enemy as a buck at times. Little boys too, can shoot quite as well as their father and, and w hat a spectacle it would be for soldiers, on seeing a 10-year old pointing a loaded gun at him, with as true an aim as the best marksman, stop his progress and cry: "My son you must d.op that gun for you art a minor and I am not iillowcdjto hurt you." Another officer said that: "At this rate the Sioux troubles will grow to be just as bail as even in the first three years of the w ar. when every officer holding an in? dependent command had not only an ene? my in front of him but a court-martial be? hind him." Still another officer said: "It was a grave error to relieve Col. Forsythe tit this stage of the proceeding-, and thus hold up a warning finger to every commander iu the little army around Pine Ridge to tell them that the death of each Sioux must be explained." Dreadful Drepredatlons. Pocatello, Tno., Jan. 8.?The Indians are in possession of the town and have fired the buildings. All inhabitants in their reach have been massacred. Troops from Boise City have been called for, but it is feared support will not arrive in time. The Indians destroy and kill ev? erything in their demon-like rage. The settlers are panic-stricken aud rushing in every direction for safety. Col. Forsythe Suspended, Washington, Jan. 7.?A report reached here today through an unofficial source that Col. Forsythe has been relieved from the command of the troops at Pine Ridge. This report was confirmed at the War de? partment today. The officials, however, show a decided disinclination to talk of the matter. Neither Secretary Proctor nor Gen. Schofield are w illing to say very much on the subject, although both prac? tically admit it. Gen. Miles did not act entirely on his own responsibility, but neither of them admit of having ordered, but say Gen. Miles probably acted upon a suggestion from here. As there is no one here besides these two who is iu a position to suggest anything to Gen. Miles, except President Harrison, the conclusion is reached that Col. Forsythe was suspended by President Harrison pending an inquiry into the circumstances attending the fight at Wounded Knee last week in which so" many lives were lost, both whites and In? dians. GOOD NEWS. The I,. & N. Will Have IU Engines Scream? ing Here by February |. Mr. W. H. Coffman is in the city, aud has just returned from atrip along the Louisville & Nashville railroad extension. A representative of the Post asked him when the road would reach the Gap: . " It is now only twenty miles off," said lie, " and extraordinary efforts are being made to push forward its construction. Every employe seems to be doing his best, and you will have Louisville & Nashville engines here by February 1st. There is nothing now to delay them, and they arc laying the track rapidly. Some of the cuts are being widened, but that does not delay the work of track-laying. Every? thing is kept up; the rock-crushing, the ballasting?everything is being done as fast as possible. Steps have been taken to keep up the supply of rails as fast as they can be pul down. It will be a road and don't you forget it," he added with emphasis. "They are laving eighteen inches of crushed stone for the ties to rest on. Unless some dreadful snow-storm occurs they will be here by the first of next month. Rain wont stop them." TASTE IX COSTUMES. Dressing the Subject Of Aesthetic and Selentillc Study?Ball Dresses for the "Buds" of the Season?Tho Street Gown for Well Formed Willowy Women. New York, Jan. 6, 1891.?Dress was never in the history of woman made so entirely the subject of scientific and atsthctic study as it is to-day. The last decade has even produced professors of dress, who instruct and ad vise their pupils in the canons of correct and artistic at? tire. Chicago?unaisthctic Chicago?has a "Physical Culture and a Correct Dress Club," whose members are pledged to the study and development of these mysteri? ous laws. It may seem like making what philosophers have always taught us in a subject of essentially little moment a too engrossing occupation. Yet within a few years the era of intelligent effort will pro? duce a race of women who will be always agreeably,appropriateIy,tastelully dressed, ami we shall no more meet in society those solecisms of costume that are genu? inely painful to a delicate perception. Certain it is that the average woman docs not know how to dress herself. The vast possibilities of dress as a bcautitier, as an improver, arc to her unknown, and the rules of color and form that go to make up taste are dead letters to her. evening presses. Among the features of some of the re? cent evening dresses one notices that they are trimmed with velvet applique floral designs. These designs appear usually upon the skirt, carried as a kind of bor? der, but in the most irregular directions, entirely around it. Sometimes they arc also used in decorating the corsage. One wears one's evening glove so as to show somewhat more of the arm than hertofore; it comes not much above the elbow. Speaking of gloves, for the street, they are wearing the one button-style. We are skating up here, and of course have not wasted any time bringing out skating suits. The skating costume is of dark-colored cloth; plain basque and skirt without drapery, edged with fir; over this a cape of fir, any longer w rap being un? comfortable and in the way. A boa com? pletes the rig. simi'lk and charming. Some ol the late ball dresses for very young ladies?the buds of the season? arc delicioiisly simple and charming. One of them I recently saw was of white mousseliiu tie. soie over ivory-white satin, the mouHSeliue having a deep embroidered edge. The corsage opening was in the pretty, old-fashioned round form, and not very low, pull's of the MOUHSefiliC with lace forming the very brief sleeves;and on the left shoulder a cluster of Marcchal Neil roses. The front of the bodice very full and loose. The looped drapery of the diaphanous white fabric showed but a small space of petticoat, that being of a delicate pale pink and w hite brocade. The fur bonier on the plain skirt that is now worn with street dress has become well-nigh invariable. stylish a.\i> onn. Being debarred from using trimming or ornamentation to any extent upon the plain street gown of the season (which indeed has gone back to the severest tailor-made design) ladies exercise their ingenuity toward making the model of the gown stylish and odd. To illustrate: One new walking-dress in a dark brown faced cloth exhibits the sleeves slightly full to the elbows and high-shouldered; the basque is very short, ending almost at the waist, it fastens from the left side to the right hip. From the collar there is a buttoned triangular plastron of the material. As for the skirt, the plain front I) red til is folded over from the right side, having worked button-holes oil the edge of the fold to correspond to a row of buttons placed along the edge of a trian? gular panel which, beginning at the right hip, continues to the foot of the skirt. This naturally gives the front of the skirt the'appearance of a square apron, which has just been un-buttoncd from the side drapery; behind this panel at the side the back drapery lapses into a number of overlapping folds or plaits. kor kxoeftiokal figures. It will "be seen that on this gown not even bo much us a scrap of velvet is used in trimming; tho entire effect depends upon the cut, Of course such a costume must be faultlessly made and it is the un? fortunate feature of these severely simple cloth dresses that they look really well only on exceptional figures. One must be tall, slender, graceful, and well-formed to wear such a dress advantageously. But indeed it is the season of the willowy woman. The desiguers have conspired against the petite and the portly sisters alike. Poplins were never more in favor than they are at the present time and one may wear poplin dinner dresses, reception gowns, or even use the soft fabric for evening. fashion notes. The long plush opera cloak, with its graceful drooping folds from the shoulders and its deep border of sable or Persian lamb, is a most imposing affair. Even the tea-gown is now adorned with fur. Fur was never so popular for trim? ming. Some of the most singular shudes of yellow appear in the materials for dinner, receptions, and ball.dresses. Chestnut and mahogany are the colors of the English walking gowns. The girl who believes in charms has abandoned the yellow garter which she used to wear above berieft knee and has strung a lot of amber beads about her neck. A startling innovation is the use of cloth for evening wear, but it may be pre? dicted that cloth will be very general next season for this and all similar occasions. They talk of it evcti for bridal dresses, j. _ C. H. M. Discount Reduced. LoxnoN, Jau. 8.?The Bank of England's rate of discount has been reduced to 4 per cent, and money is easy, largo sums hav? ing arrived from Australia. BISMARCK'S REASONS. How and Why the Iron Man Had t* GO? The Empress Mother Could Hot Help Him at .ill. ALL THE TRUTH COMES OUT* London, Jan. 8?The following account of the circumstances which, brought about the resignation of Prince Bismarck is published, by the Times this morning and vouched for as accurate: ?' France now begins for the first time to understand the cause of Bismarck'?, fall, and the circumstances, unknown till of late, which accompanied it. These revelations are such as the chancellor's bitter enemies never ventured to discuss. The iron rule of Bismarck has of late been an obstacle', an embarrassment and a cause of irritation to everybody and a constant difficulty in the dispatch of pub? lic affairs. Latterly he had seen none of the ministers of whom he was chief, had listened to none of their objections, and gave positive and definite orders, as if the opinions of his associates iu the govern? ment were of no value. He was almost in? accessible, and received those only whom his caprice invited around him. He toler? ated no objections, listened with a conde? scending smile, which condemned before? hand the ideas submitted to him by his young master, the emperor,. He even ceased really to work, while complaining bitterly if the slightest decision was come to without consulting him, and yet pro? fessed himself overwhelmed with labor whenever documents were sent to him to sign. He had become a terror to all who were obliged to come near him: Nobody ventured to contradict him; .even the Em? peror William saw him only ^occasionally, either because his master was atraid of disturbing or irritating him. At last the moment came when his pupil?now his master?confronted the fact that he was not master, but only chief servant. The long restrained imperial discontent broke into open quarrel and poured forth in such a torrent that the eh incellor, taken by surprise, and disconcerted, suddenly said: 'Then 1 can only offer your majesty my resignation.' "The emperor was silent and Bismarck withdrew. Two hours afterward, the res? ignation not having arrived, the emperor sent an aide-de-camp. The chancellor greeted him very affably, being convinced that the emperor wished him to return and to reconsider his idea of resigning, but to Bismarck's horror and surprise, the aide-de-camp had been sent to demand his written resignation. The prince, very uneasy, made the lame excuse of not hav? ing yet drawn it up and deferred the mat? ter till the morrow. Next morning the aide-de-camp reappeared. This time Bis? marck was calmer, but again made the same excuse, saying that before preparing a written resignation he was bound to pay a visit. Accordingly ho did pay a visit, which, incredible as it ma\ appear, was to the Empress Frederick. Yes, in panic at his fall, this man, who but the day be? fore had been the great chancellor, now stoopeil before her whom he had so long humbled and explained the danger of the empire involved ill his fall, aud the fatal consequences which the young emperor risked iu thus overturning the empire. He begged her majesty to intervene and prevent the disaster to Germany and the remorse that her sovereign would feel at this unmerited humiliation of his most faithful servant. The empress heard him out. She saw him humiliating himself be? t?re her, the man who had hated implaca? bly her husband and herself and who had sown distrust between father and sou. No doubt she enjoyed the spectacle of see? ing at her feet this bitler enemy, now dis? missed by the very son whom he had reck? oned on making his tool against her, aud in a single sentence, becoming an em? press, a mother aud a w oman, she returned to this cringing diplomatist all the insults he had cast upon her. ' 1 much regret being quite powerless. I should have been extremely glad to intervene with my son in your favor, but you so employed all your power iu estranging his.heart from us, making his mind foreign to mine, that 1 can only witness your fall without being able to ward it off. When you are no longer there my son will perhaps draw nearer to me, but then it will be too late tor me to help you.' "The prince ' withdrew with downcast head, and, returning home, found the aide-de-camp, who, for the fourth time, had come for his resignation, which tho fallen statesman handed to him." FINANCIAL. New Youk, Jan. S.?The stock mar? ket was more active this morning 1311,400 shares changing hands in the two hours before noon. Prices opened firm aud L^ to % higher. Lake Shore being the on? ly exception, declining The Sugar Trust and Lackawana were the-features; the former advanced 2 per cent to* bT, and the latter to I'.,. Other advances were only slight. Sugar Trust subsequently declined to 59??,lrat the rest of tho list re? mained firm. In the afternoon the market was not so active, but continued strong. Lackawana, Rock Island, Unroll' Pacific, Delaware <v Hudson and Denver & Rio Grande preferred, were the features of tho second hour und led the advance. Best prices of the morning were current. At the close this afternoon the market was dull. Money easy at 3 @ 4. Exchaugo quiet aud steady. The Tariff In Franco. The French tariffcommission-is holding prolonged sittings daily in order to finish its examination of the government hill before the reopening of the Chambers in January. Nearly every alteration made enhances the duties in the proposed bill. The tariff on woolen cloths weighing from 251 to 400 grammes per square metre has been raised to 270 francs as the maxi? mum and 220 francs as the minimum. On woolen cloths of greater-weight the tariff is increased by 10 francs. Among the committee's proposals are a duty of 35 francs as the minimum per double bun- ? dred-wcight on cottons and wools from India aud China, 40 francs ?ou *cottons from other countries, aud 12 francs on unpicked cotton. 1 ? ? The Fairmount Leaved. (Bristol Courier.) The proprietor* ol Hotel Kalrmoutu have ^a?t #peat seven thouHaud dollars in rellttiu^'tbelri home with heater*, ga?, etc., and hau- lea-ol it for t^o year* to Mr. Clifford, ol ttlrmlngiuui, - w'r.u ?Hl throw the door* open at once aud iuviie the puhiic to come ana ' wake itself at home. Wanted the Earth. (From the Lowell CKLen.) . \ Hal?So poor old Major Kvaus ha* letrthla aortal - earth f Harry?Yea. He must have suffered terribly to. think he could uot take It with hiia wuea U ?Ued.