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The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, January 09, 1891, Image 1

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NO. 21.
thorr I* ? Cload lu tJn? Kantern
Itorlxon ?>??? had i?* ?irth In the
Wasbinctos, D. C., January 8.?The
Dre*idcnt to-day transmitted to the House
of Representatives f?rt her correspondence
the subjeel "i the Behring .-.-a contro
between the United States and
Great Britain. The president's message
is altogether formal and merely states
thg| in res].sc to a resolution of the
House of Representatives he transmits the
correspondence called for. A Setter from
Secretary Maine also accompanies the
correspondence, hut it is purely one of
The correspondence transmitted by the
president is made up of two very long
letters i a ?umher <>t' enclosures, com?
prising treaties, notes, and extracts from
previous correspcndeucc, which Mr. Maine
^hv.*. concludes the correspondence touch?
ing tf"' fur-seal question up to date.
dn of these letters is from Lord Salis
hurt Sir .J uli;;? Pauncefole, thcUritish
Minister, dated August 2, l-'?>, and the
other was addressed by Mr. Blninc to the
British Minister December IT. last.
Lord Salisbury's letter is confined to a
discussion of the Russian ukase and the
treats ol 1825. Hi- urgUCS that Blaitie
ha* misinterpreted Mr. Adam's position,
and declares that the history of tin- case
shows tii ?t El gland always denied Russia's
claim of maritime jursidiction in Behring
sea; that !!:<? convention of ]>?;:, ?ras a
renunciation of that claim, and Behring
sea was not then Known by that name,
but afi a part of the Pacific ocean, lie
closes with ti c statement that if differ?
ences -til! exist his Government is ready
fur impartial arbitration of those differen?
ces ht methods t" he agreed upon in con?
cord with Mr. Blaiue.
loin OS 01 THIS COL'JCTttV.
Secretary Blainc's letter begins with |
mi iiisistauce upon the correctness of
the position assumed In the United Stales.
He believes thai the controversy turns
upon one point?via., whi ther the phrase
?'Pacific ocean" used in the treaties of
ItfcM and I "??.'?"> include Behring sea. as con?
tended !?>? Great Britain. If the United
Stat>- can ; rove the contrary her ease is
complete and undeniable. Therefore,
Blaine enters into an exhaustive argument
based on Bancroft's history and maps to
show that Adams and his contemporaries
bad a distinct understanding that the
phrase "Pacific ocean" excluded the
waters ol Behring sea, thru known to all
tin world as tin- sea of Kam-eliatka.
The Secretarypoiuts to the large wealth
lit the Russian-American Company, which,
he sars, would have been carelessly thrown
away U\ the Russian nobility in a phrase
trliich merged Behring sea i:i the Pacific
ocean. He cites the long years of absti?
nence from the seal waters by the adven?
turous people of the United States and
(?real Britain as a presumption of their
Imok of ri^'ht to enter.
As stronger evidence of bis correctness,
Mr. Blaine cites protocols of the treaty ol
1821 to s!i"? that Russia's relinquishmcut
of jurisdiction applied only to do- territory
between the fiftieth and sixtieth degrees;
also nn explanatory note from Russia to
Mr. Adams in lt>24, positively excepting
the Aleutian islands and the country of
fifty-nine degrees three minutes from the
concession to the United States of the
rieht t,, fish and t rude.
lie aim cites tin uctioti of Great Brit?
ain excluding vessels from the waters
within eight leagues of St. Helena when
Xapolean was confined there, and again
refers to the protection exercised over]
Die Ceylon pearl fisheries by Great Brit
?in saying that he is willing to accept
Ihosi provisions for the protection of the
He - ol the enormous injury indict?
ed by vessels under the British flag upon
United State, fisheries, and suggests that
she send an intelligent commissioner to
the seal islands.
Again he objects to the form of the pro?
posed arbitration, and says it will amount
to something tangible if Great Britain will
consent to arbitrate the real questions
discussed for I ho last four yours to wit;
Whal cere the rights oxcrcised by Russia
In Behring sea; How far were they con?
ceded byGreal Britain: Was liehring sea
ijj" juded in the Pacific ocean: Did not the
United Slates acquire all of Russia's
rights: What are the preseut rights of the
luited States? And if the concurrence of
t?rcat Britain is found necessary, then
?hat shall be the protected limits and the
close sea.
Secretary Blaiue, in conclusion, denies
Bin i ? L'uited Statos ever olaimod Behr?
ing seat bi a closed .-ea, and quotes A]in
MJterPlielps in ISSS, where he says the
question is not applicable to the preseut
Jingo Ittaine.
Losnoji, Ems., Jan. 8.?The Foreign
Office this evening has issued the follow?
ing communication to the press in regard
to the Beriiing sen dispute: The state
Bents cabled respecting the correspond?
ence on the Bering sea question between
'he British und American governments are
A dispatch was received December .'HMh
from Mr Blaine. lb, made proposals re
?pccting the questions to be submitted
warbitratiou, With this exception no
oomuiuiiieatiuti whatever has boon rocoiv
?dfrom the United States on this subject
'? 'he past three week-., and ifo cominu
""cation has I,, , ,, made to the American
1overnmiMU i? the same period."
This communication was printed and
??nt.t0 *H the newspapers audnewsagen
Londou.il being the evident desire
' government to give t|?. document
?e widest publicity. The Foreign Office
?,ost e mservsitive department, and
Z.,r:"" " Copied, regard to the
'*Uw ? :< ?ar.lit.tr innovation
?l, !' l>USua ""?"'"?d of procedure and
2" ? ,'! belief- that a eri
, ' usbenes controversy has
?fSiifiS? hy Vi:M utbe pr?p*r?%
latMjn " '"<i"!y a British industry,
" "Oiiuon alone.
Ofh,!!."' PMblication of the Foreign
\*??ZSi d M,B?"??tJ oiiiee have been
Utas Im- provei, fruitless.
^rrff? ?rTLc Standard to-day
6 Iba bering K,..a dispute says:
"Wc have a very unpleasant aspect. The
rupture between England and America can
not be mentioned without feelings of deep
regret. America may count upon receiv?
ing the full measure of courtesy, patience
and firmness which England has already
displayed. Hut Mr. Blaine will do well to
hear in mind that firmness will be com?
mensurate, should the moment arrive for
its exercise, with the patience and court?
esy with which he hns so far been treated.
He seems extravagantly anxious to put
himself wrong. Minister Lincoln cannot
ton soon on his return devote himself to
ascertaining the resolutions of our For?
eign Office and communicate them to his
government. There is not a person in
England but would hear it proposed with
profound regret that a shot should be
exchanged between British and American
vessels except in courtesy, bat it would
excite greater regret to hear that the
British flag had been insulted and the tin
j tional honor not vindicated by prompt re?
'?lint we can never believe that the
American people will suffer its public ser?
vants to force a conflict by wanton out?
rage upon nur (lag. We will gladly bow
to the tribunal of international law but
not to the nod of Mr. Blaine. We trust
! that he will nol persist in a menace which
; is certain to be resented and resisted."
Small Depositors Recomc Uneasy and
.viuke )i Dash for Their ( ash.
LociSViLl.k, .Ian. 8.?There has been
j more or less of a run on all the banks in
j this city for the past two days, the Masonic
i Savings bank being the greatest stillerer.
All have weathered the crisis successfully,
though at times (here was much excite?
ment on Main street and apprehensions]
entertained lest the large depositors fol?
low the example of the smaller ones and
a panic ensue. All danger has now
passed however and business has resumed
ils normal condition. Uneasiness was
felt about (he Louisville City National
which Pope robbed nndof which Leech is
cashier, as the bank has never fully re?
covered from the robbery.
The Masonic Savings bank on the
other hand i-= regarded as one of the
strongest iu the city. Money is plentiful
both in New York and London and con?
fidence is now fully restored.
The Itichuioii?! & Danville in Financial
Deep Water.
Nor polk, V.\.. Jan. 1.?The Atlantic A:
Danville Railroad Com].any has been
placed iu the hands of a receiver. On
Jan. 3d, a bill of complaint was filed in
the Circuit Court of the United States in
this city by I?. Ncwgass &Co., bankers, of
London, against the railway company for
the payment of a judgement in the sun
I of $3(fc!,&i!l rendered in their favor on
j Jan. 2, 1S!M. The complainants say that
the Atlantic .V Danville railroad has no
interest iu any personal property that can
be subject to levy, so that f he said process
is unavailable. The moneys for which
the judgement was rendered were ad?
vanced by Ncwgass & Co.. for the pny
I incut of employes' maintenance, repair
and improvement of the road bed, etc.
Much Interest Taken by the Bond and
Stockholder? <>r the II, s. <;. [in.
pro vein en t Company in the
New York Meeting.
Louisville, Jan. s.?Much interest is
taken here among those interested in big
Stone Gap in the proposed meeting of the
bondholders in New York on the '.'1st.
There will be a good representation from
Louisville, and though it is difficult to
learn w hat plan of action has been form?
ulated, it is quite certain that the repre?
sentation from this place will urge some
decisive if not radical action iu regard to
the affairs of the Improvement Com?
There has been much dissatisfaction,
and it will likely take a positive and per?
haps an aggressive shape. The bond?
holders will not talk for publication,
though your correspondent hits tried haul
to interview them, but they have a deter?
mined look and seem to know more of w hat
is iu the wind than they are willing to
say. I do not assume to know what will
be done, but the mcctiug will be an inter?
esting one.
Title to n I.arm- Tract of Laud Near the
Gap Determined.
The case of E. 1!. Moon vs. the Virginia,
Tennessee ami Carolina Steel A; Iron Com?
pany, which has been pending for sonn
time before Judge Kelly,of the Abingdotl
circuit, was decided on Monday last in
favor of Moon. Title to about 1,400 acres
of fine coal land on Loony creek, near the
Gap, is involved iu this suit. Moon bought
this land about three years ago from
Kelly, and gave a deed of trust for un?
paid purchase money, in the payment of
which he defaulted, and the trustee was
on the point of selling the land under the
provisions id' the trust, when an injunc?
tion was served on him by Moon, which
hud been granted b\ Judge Kelly. The
trustee, however, proceeded with the sale,
claiming that the injunction was obtained
fraudulently, and was subsequently void.
The Virginia, Tennessee ami Carolina
Steel ? Iron Company, became the pur?
chasers, and the effect of the present
decision is that the injuetion was prima
facie valid and consequently that the
sale was a nullity.
Under this decision it seems that the
land would have to be sold again, and the
final ownership will be a matter of much
doubt. The land would undoubtedly bring
much more than the former purchase
paid, which was about $50,000, as it con?
tains some of the finest coal openings in
this county. The case will undoubtedly
be appealed.
Another case of importance decided by
Judge Kelly at the same time, was that of
the heirs of Henry S. Kane, of Scott
county, against the Virginia Coal & Iron
Co., in which the plaintiffs sought to
set aside a sale of land made to the de?
fendants about ten years ago, on the
ground of inadequacy of consideration.
The case was decided in favor of the de?
Emma Abbott Dead.
Mixnkuoi.is, Jan. ".?Col. John T. W?at has K
ceivitl a telegram ?tatln? that Kmma^bbott died at
Suit Lake City at 7:4(1 this morning. The body will
b? ettbaiDMd and mu( i<> Chicago. Her fpther, Seth
Abbott, who liven here, will ?q to Chicago,
.She wa* the richest actress In the world, und one at
the richest women iu this country. Her fortune way
be put down easily ot ft,(MX),t>00, and aonio even esU
mate it lit more.
Hlamc, Harrison and Something Almut
the Alliance Party?'
Washington, I). C, Jan. 7.?Tlie con?
tingent clamoring for Blaine as again
the presidential Richmond must take
him rather for what he was than what lie
now is. The disparity of comparison be?
tween the man twenty years ago and now
is marked. Then he had pluck, dash,
aggressive force, the qualities t" dazzle.
The Blaine'of to-day no is more than the
slippered Pantaloon. Not only has age
touched him with its infirmity, but in
every attribute which heretofore marked
him great the decadence is too manifest.
This man lias been the striking charac?
ter iu American history, lint he never
won his honors save in the battles of his
party. In action superb, creative, magnet?
ic, courageous, passive, though the trans?
ition is so great as to be the metamor?
When Mr. Blaine became Mr. Harrison's
secretary of State he placed himself in
voluntary exile. The large following
which had faithfully followed under the
white plume of his leadership was lost.
Either powerless to aid them or disin?
clined, he did not. His became the exile's
life, and access to him almost barred.
His interest suddenly became self inter?
est only, and those who had claims upon
his generosity were expected to remain
contcUt with his own elevation.
This criticism may indeed seem harsh,
but it is trrue as Holy Writ. The active,
virile, relentless "Jim blaine." of the
erstwhile days has been absorbed in the
more sedate blaine of the sere and yellow
leaf. The aggressiveness which iu the
earlier years, made him both conspicuous
and great, has given away to a conserv?
atism, which, if either genuine or assum?
ed, has so completely changed him as to
leave iu him only the grateful reminis?
cence of what he was.
J do not really think Mr. Blaine desires
the presidential nomination. Those who
speak as having authority assume to say
that he seeks this high preferment only
should it unanimously gravitate to him.
This predicates the impossible thought
that ambition in every other aspirant has
died out. Udismisses president Harrison.
Sherman. Algcr, McKinley. Reed and oth?
ers worthy to be named, of their own vol?
untary act. It is impossible to expect
such sacrifice two years hence as it
proved itscll to be two years ago.
But .if Mr. Blaine is not solicitious to
make the battle president Harrison is.
What the premier of the administration
now lacks in mettle, the head of it has iu
largesse. The w ant ef courage can not be
charged truthfully against the now incum?
bent of the executive office. And survey?
ing the entire horszon of his administra?
tion, it is loyal certainly to the party; in
policy in direct line with it. No laconic
from any public writing or utterance of
the president served as a club against it
in the recent disastrous campaign. Mr.
lilaine can not plead so well, for he gave
to the opposition a memorable shibboleth.
The necessity.of the republican parly
just now is for a great leader. The time
was when, under existing conditions.
James G. lilaine would have taken advau
tage of the situation. But under the di?-j
agreements now prevailing within it no
small man can take the helm. It is be?
cause Mr. blaine has been in his day the
colossus he is now looked to to safely
deliver the hosts. It is a great party .will?
ing to lie itself to the shadow of what once
was. The reminiscence is BOOthicg to the
senses, but the actual personality no lon?
ger is.
Upon fiscal policy the entering wedge is
driving deeper. To-day the majority fa?
vors free silver, and will get it unless
intercepted with the tyranny of legislative
rules or presidential veto. On the.McKin?
ley tariff the division is marked. The
radical si rides made in I he legislation of
the last congressional Bessioti has given
away States bordering on the Ohio and
Mississippi line This defection means
death, for the life of the republican party
is with the western rather than the east?
ern States.
It seems to nie that free coinage is the
simple problem of the clamor for more
money. It is the choice between a metal- |
lie currency aud fiat money. The protest j
against it conies more largely from the
national banks, and yet these institutions
may be hurt otherwise. Already a bill is
pending in the banking and currency com?
mittee which will make every individual
who has a public security of the United
State- a national banker. Under it every
such holder can, upon demand, deposit his
bonds aud receive thereof a new medium
of circulation, to be called a national bond j
certificate. These are to be interchange-:
able as money and pass as currency, i
Meanwhile the bond in the treasury, held
as collateral for the issue, is to draw inter- j
But, says the national banker to this
individual: ??Such apian is preposterous."
But the answer is found iu the fact that
that is precisely what the national banks
now do. The plan simply makes the
government a lender of money on its own
securities, and gives the privilege of bor?
rowing it to the Individual rather than
confining it to the money corporation.
This would be a blow at discounts which ;
might quite materially affect bank profits.
the kaumku8' alliance.
The defeat of Wade Hampton as United
Stall's senator from South Carolina, and i
the possibility of the defeat of Mr, Iugalls,
iu Kansas, recalls vividly to my mind the
statements made six mouths aud more
ago by Colonel L. L. Polk, the president
ol the National Farmers'Alliance, 1 had
chatted with him at much length touching
the aims and purposes of the organization
of which he is tho executive head. I re?
call his statement that the organization
w as after new blood, and would get it even
though it invaded States and politically
unhorsed its older idols. "1 would not
be surprised, said he, "if in the attainment
of such ends to see the condition of affairs
of South Carolina such that the Alliance,
and not the Democracy, would choose the
next United Sta*tes Senator from that
State, and that the Alliance, and not the
republican party, would choose the uext
L'nited States Senator from Kansas."
When such prediction was made jt seem?
ed boastful, forasmuch as South Caroliua
was firmlyweddcd to the Democracy, and
Kansas with nearly 100,000 majority to
the party of opposition, and yet the proph?
ecy in one naif is now true history, with
the chances of the other half being made
Those who imagine the Farmers' Alli?
ance has expended its force and that its
power will contract henceforth reason 11?
logically- It, indeed, may have it* owu
national ticket in the uext presidential
Such a contingency would distract all
calculation iu such States as Kansas,
Iowa, Nebraska and Minnesota iu the
West, aud the producing Southern Stutcs
of Alabama, South Carolina and Georgia
more especially. It is such fear that has
drawn forth the suggestion from politi?
cians of note and judgment that the next
presidency for its settlement may he
thrown into the house of representatives.
It is the fact that there exists in every
State a contingent dissatisfied with both
of the great political parties. The Far?
mers' Alliance party offers the refuge to
such as cry a plague on both your houses,
nnd its power to appeal to the class dis?
contented with existing conditions is of
tremendous force, because it offers to the
hope, at least, the dawn of better days for
such as have been waiting for them from
the day of birth.
A national farmers'ticket which could
successfully carry for its electors the votes
ofoncortwo of the western and southern
States, would keep from the candidates of
the greater organizations a majority of
the electoral college. This would throw
the election into the house of representa?
tives. Of course, under such an unfortu?
nate condition, a democrat would he elect?
ed, as the house already chosen, would
elect the president, has a majority of the
votes of all the State?.
cleveland and silver.
I heard to-day thai a prominent member
of the National Silver Congress had writ?
ten a letter to Ex-President Cleveland
asking him if it were true he had changed
his views.and was no longer the antago?
nist of silver. As this'question promises
unless soon settled to be an issue in the
National canvass. Mr. Clevelands reply, if
he makes one, will he read with more in?
terest I nan any writing proceeding from
his pen since his celebrated tariff reform
message to Congress. On the 24th of
February, 1885, -Air. Cleveland, in his let?
ter to General A. J. Warner, who at that
time was Chairman of the Coinage Com?
mittee of the House of Representatives
"1 hope that you concur with me, and
with the majority of our fellow citizens,
in deeming it most desirable at the pres?
ent juncture to maintain and continue in
use the mass of our gold coin, as well its
the mass of silver already coined. Tin's is
only possible.by a present suspension of the
purchase and coinage id'silver."
If these be now (Irover Cleveland's views,
it is hard to see in the light of the present
ho? be could again be elected President
of the United States. W.C. M.uB.
The Great Pennsylvania furnaces Mak?
ing the Change.
Pittsburgh, Jaii.7?Owingto the scarcity
of gas the changing of puddling furnaces
for using coal is being pushed as fast as
possible. At the present time there are
about fifteen mills in the county in which
coal is partly, or altogether, being used
for fuel. At the Republic Iron Works,
one department of twenty-six single, pud?
dling furnaces are being remodeled for
the use <d' coal, in another department of
fourteen double furnaces these all will
have to be torn down owing to their not
being adapted to the use of eoal; either
natural or artificial gas must be used.
For this reason double puddling furnaces
are not very numerous. The most in use
in any mill are in the National Tube
Works Co.'s No. 4 mill. These works re?
cently added fifteen of these furnaces and
they will now have to come down. At
the Clinton mills, the live double puddling
furnaces are standing idle, while the sin?
gle furnaces are using coal. In the Mill
vale mill the puddling department is
equivalent to thirty-six single puddling
furnaces, but on!/ twenty-one of these are
singb'. At this mill there are two quad?
ruple furnaces, being about the only ones
ol' their kind about Pittsburgh. The to?
tal output of a quadruple furnace in one
turn is 12,000 pounds, while of a single
furnace it is only 2,500 pounds. At Jones
.V Laugh I ill's mill nearly all of the niitcly
foui furnaces in both puddling depart?
ments have been changed back to coal;
coal-slack is being used under the boilers
and gas is still used in the finishing de?
partment. All of the furnaces in the
Sligo mill arc now using coal and this
leaves but two mills on the South side
with a full supply of gas, the fortunate
ones being A. M. Byers ?V Co. and J. Pain?
ter iV Sons. On the north side of the
river the Keystone mill of Lindsay A" Mc
Cutchcou is the only mill with a full sup?
ply. In the neighboring mills, the Klba
Iron & Boll Co., Continental Tube Works,
Pennsylvania Tube Works, Pittsburgh
Tube Works and Morchead, McClcane >x
Co., the supply is short.
There is no question but what the sup?
ply of natural gas in this city is falling
oil'. Though the gas has been cut oil' from
the puddling furnaces, no increase is no?
ted in the domestic supply, and consum?
ers are displacing it everywhere for the
use of eoal. The several gas companies
are becoming greatly alarmed at the fall?
ing oil'in their revenues ami have decided
to make the last strong effort to increase
the supply. Accordingly the Philadel?
phia Co., the largest supplycrs of gas in
the city, is testing the gas belt from the
Maple Creek field to the Ml. Morris field.
They have rigs up, and others contracted
for that will almost extend into the State
of Maryland, and the drills will be pushed
to the bottom. This w ill be one of the
most thorough and expensive tests made
by any company.
Two Killed
Lexington, Ky., January, 7.?A special
this afternoon states that the C. & 0. ex?
press due in this city at 5.45, went through
a tn stle three miles east of Stepstone and
Engineer E. A. Hilburn, of Huntington,
W. Va., and L'd. McNeil, of Kilgore, Ky.,
were killed. Hilburtt's body was found
and removed to the sleeper. The body of
McNeil could nut be found, and as the
engine, tender and express were burned
it is supposed that his body was consumed
in the flames. None of the passengers
were hurt.
The Kentucky Central Kallroail.
New York, .Ian. S.?At a special meet?
ing of the Louisville & Nashville directors
the purchase of the Kentucky Central was
ratified and the property taken possession
of. Then the following directors of the
Kentucky Central were elected: M. II.
Smith, J.B. Probst, William Martens, J.
A. Horsey, Thomas Kutter and E. Norton.
M. H. Smith was elected president of the
Kentucky Central and A. W. Morris sec?
retary and treasurer. Huntington re?
mains vice-fireside ut.
Tito East Tennessee Files One for 915,000,
000 on Its Prosperity.
Ksoxvillk, Ti:xn. Jan. ".?Tin; East Tennessee,
Virginia & (ieorgia railroad company to-day tiled u
mortgage in thlscounty U> the Central Trust Com?
pany t?r SlSJMO^OO. Tiio deed reeit.-s thai the fuuiln
are in be used t<> build extensions, branches, etc., and
to doable track the sisiu line. It iiUo provides that a
fund may be raised to retire the bonds issued in 18.ST.
Toe bonds ran fifty years ami boar 5 per CiUit interest
hi (Tolii. Tie.1 mortgage is on ail the property of the
AlKSIglit Whisky Mills or a Vote Against
Railroad Bonds,
QBaurrou Tkn.n., Jan. S.?Last Saturday night the
Hristol, Tfim., council instructed the jwllce to sen
tiiat the saloons close at dark. This evening it is re?
ported tlmt the liquor men arc^goiug tu defeat the
? subscription to-morrow or make the authorities 1ft
thtm sell liquor all night. The citizens arc some?
what excited about It, but the wise ones nay u? fear
i need be apprehended.
Indian Situation a Most Serious One, and
tue Signs all Point to a Terrible
and Bloody Conflict Before
Next Sabbath.
Chicago, Jan. 8.?The Bee correspond?
ent telegraphs as follows from Pine Ridge
Agency, S. I).. via Rushville, Neb.: As
to the situation here, considered in its en?
tirety, the indications are that the great?
est battle in Indian history is almost at
hand. The alarming reports of every
scout adds new and strong support to
these indications that were only empha?
sized by the bloody affair on Wounded
Knee. General Miles believes exactly
this and has said so iu strong words and
the small handful of Indians employed
here affirm it. before the terrific clash
comes they want to try to rescue their
relatives from the enemy's camp and are
now talking with the authorities for per?
mission, at the risk of their lives, to make
the attempt. These Indians in the gov?
ernment employ also express the hope that
they can induce many of those who were
friendly before the Wounded Knee battle,
and were remaining here according to in?
structions, to also come iu and be saved
from the certain death that awaits them
in the ranks of the bostiles. Extensive
rifle pits are reported as being dug twelve
miles west by the hostilcs aud the report
is of such a nature that the authorities
rely upon its truth fulness.
Last night the hostilcs burned many
houses belonging to settlers along White
river, and finished killing the last of the
great herd of government cattle that they
raided so heavily about a month ago and
have been drawing tu ever since. With?
out desiring to make the situation a par?
ticle darker than it really is, for God
knows the truth is haul enough, every?
thing const rains mi1 to say that the dan?
ger in which Pine Ridge Agency's white
populace stand at this hour ami must re?
main until the crisis is all over, is
ONE or Till; MOST fearful i'krilb
that can be well imagined. 1 say this,
not for a moment forgetting and knowing
perfectly what military protection we have
here. Since General Miles arrived he has
received the most urgent admoniti.on from
the administration to avoid further blood?
shed. Kurther bloodshed, however, can
not be avoided, and before the light of an?
other Sabbath morning the truth of the
assertion will have been proven.
'I here is a rumor current in official cir?
cles here that a general call for volun?
teers to protect adjacent territory will lie
The shooting of an Indian war arrow,
covered with pitch partially burned last
night, created considerable comment. The
Indians have a superstition that if the
first fire arrow fired into the enemy's camp
is extinguished in its flight, it is evidence
that their contemplated raid w ill be a fail?
ure. The arrow that came in last night
was shot from the north and barely missed
the head of a teamster who was unhitch?
ing his team a few yards south of the ho?
tel where the correspondents ait; (gar?
tered, which is nearly the center of the
Cen. Schoficld said that an inveuttga
tiou of the Wounded Knee tight is proba?
bly now being conducted by Gen. Miles.
The general management of the tight is
also to be looked into, but the particular
point in question is the death of women
and children. Considerable criticism
against Col. Forsvthc's suspension is heard
in the War department, 1' seems to be
directed against the policy of relieving an
officer during the progress of a campaign,
instead of wailing until after the
troubles nre over.
As to the charge that Col. Forsythe al?
lowed his men to kill women and children
it is asserted that if would be impossible
iu the hurry and confusion of an unex?
pected fight anil subsequent stampede and
pursuit to delect the sex of the Sioux.
One officer remarked: "II is preposterous
to say that it is necessary in an Indian
skirmish to slop firing long enough to
find out just what you are shoot?
ing at. The women and men look very
much alike in their blankets, and the for?
mer are quite as fierce fighters as the men.
A Sioux squaw is as bad an enemy as a
buck at times. Little boys too, can shoot
quite as well as their father and, and w hat
a spectacle it would be for soldiers, on
seeing a 10-year old pointing a loaded gun
at him, with as true an aim as the best
marksman, stop his progress and cry: "My
son you must d.op that gun for you art a
minor and I am not iillowcdjto hurt you."
Another officer said that: "At this rate
the Sioux troubles will grow to be just as
bail as even in the first three years of
the w ar. when every officer holding an in?
dependent command had not only an ene?
my in front of him but a court-martial be?
hind him."
Still another officer said: "It was a
grave error to relieve Col. Forsythe tit this
stage of the proceeding-, and thus hold up
a warning finger to every commander iu
the little army around Pine Ridge to tell
them that the death of each Sioux must
be explained."
Dreadful Drepredatlons.
Pocatello, Tno., Jan. 8.?The Indians
are in possession of the town and have
fired the buildings. All inhabitants in
their reach have been massacred. Troops
from Boise City have been called for, but
it is feared support will not arrive in
time. The Indians destroy and kill ev?
erything in their demon-like rage. The
settlers are panic-stricken aud rushing
in every direction for safety.
Col. Forsythe Suspended,
Washington, Jan. 7.?A report reached
here today through an unofficial source
that Col. Forsythe has been relieved from
the command of the troops at Pine Ridge.
This report was confirmed at the War de?
partment today. The officials, however,
show a decided disinclination to talk of
the matter. Neither Secretary Proctor
nor Gen. Schofield are w illing to say very
much on the subject, although both prac?
tically admit it. Gen. Miles did not act
entirely on his own responsibility, but
neither of them admit of having ordered,
but say Gen. Miles probably acted upon a
suggestion from here. As there is no one
here besides these two who is iu a position
to suggest anything to Gen. Miles, except
President Harrison, the conclusion is
reached that Col. Forsythe was suspended
by President Harrison pending an inquiry
into the circumstances attending the fight
at Wounded Knee last week in which so"
many lives were lost, both whites and In?
The I,. & N. Will Have IU Engines Scream?
ing Here by February |.
Mr. W. H. Coffman is in the city, aud
has just returned from atrip along the
Louisville & Nashville railroad extension.
A representative of the Post asked him
when the road would reach the Gap: .
" It is now only twenty miles off," said
lie, " and extraordinary efforts are being
made to push forward its construction.
Every employe seems to be doing his best,
and you will have Louisville & Nashville
engines here by February 1st. There is
nothing now to delay them, and they arc
laying the track rapidly. Some of the
cuts are being widened, but that does not
delay the work of track-laying. Every?
thing is kept up; the rock-crushing, the
ballasting?everything is being done as
fast as possible. Steps have been taken
to keep up the supply of rails as fast as
they can be pul down. It will be a road
and don't you forget it," he added with
emphasis. "They are laving eighteen
inches of crushed stone for the ties to rest
on. Unless some dreadful snow-storm
occurs they will be here by the first of
next month. Rain wont stop them."
Dressing the Subject Of Aesthetic and
Selentillc Study?Ball Dresses for
the "Buds" of the Season?Tho
Street Gown for Well
Formed Willowy
New York, Jan. 6, 1891.?Dress was
never in the history of woman made so
entirely the subject of scientific and
atsthctic study as it is to-day. The last
decade has even produced professors of
dress, who instruct and ad vise their pupils
in the canons of correct and artistic at?
tire. Chicago?unaisthctic Chicago?has
a "Physical Culture and a Correct Dress
Club," whose members are pledged to the
study and development of these mysteri?
ous laws. It may seem like making what
philosophers have always taught us in a
subject of essentially little moment a too
engrossing occupation. Yet within a few
years the era of intelligent effort will pro?
duce a race of women who will be always
agreeably,appropriateIy,tastelully dressed,
ami we shall no more meet in society
those solecisms of costume that are genu?
inely painful to a delicate perception.
Certain it is that the average woman docs
not know how to dress herself. The vast
possibilities of dress as a bcautitier, as an
improver, arc to her unknown, and the
rules of color and form that go to make
up taste are dead letters to her.
evening presses.
Among the features of some of the re?
cent evening dresses one notices that they
are trimmed with velvet applique floral
designs. These designs appear usually
upon the skirt, carried as a kind of bor?
der, but in the most irregular directions,
entirely around it. Sometimes they arc
also used in decorating the corsage. One
wears one's evening glove so as to show
somewhat more of the arm than hertofore;
it comes not much above the elbow.
Speaking of gloves, for the street, they
are wearing the one button-style.
We are skating up here, and of course
have not wasted any time bringing out
skating suits. The skating costume is of
dark-colored cloth; plain basque and skirt
without drapery, edged with fir; over this
a cape of fir, any longer w rap being un?
comfortable and in the way. A boa com?
pletes the rig.
simi'lk and charming.
Some ol the late ball dresses for very
young ladies?the buds of the season?
arc delicioiisly simple and charming. One
of them I recently saw was of white
mousseliiu tie. soie over ivory-white satin,
the mouHSeliue having a deep embroidered
edge. The corsage opening was in the
pretty, old-fashioned round form, and not
very low, pull's of the MOUHSefiliC with lace
forming the very brief sleeves;and on the
left shoulder a cluster of Marcchal Neil
roses. The front of the bodice very full
and loose. The looped drapery of the
diaphanous white fabric showed but a
small space of petticoat, that being of a
delicate pale pink and w hite brocade.
The fur bonier on the plain skirt that is
now worn with street dress has become
well-nigh invariable.
stylish a.\i> onn.
Being debarred from using trimming or
ornamentation to any extent upon the
plain street gown of the season (which
indeed has gone back to the severest
tailor-made design) ladies exercise their
ingenuity toward making the model of the
gown stylish and odd. To illustrate:
One new walking-dress in a dark brown
faced cloth exhibits the sleeves slightly
full to the elbows and high-shouldered;
the basque is very short, ending almost
at the waist, it fastens from the left side
to the right hip. From the collar there
is a buttoned triangular plastron of the
material. As for the skirt, the plain
front I) red til is folded over from the right
side, having worked button-holes oil the
edge of the fold to correspond to a row of
buttons placed along the edge of a trian?
gular panel which, beginning at the right
hip, continues to the foot of the skirt.
This naturally gives the front of the skirt
the'appearance of a square apron, which
has just been un-buttoncd from the side
drapery; behind this panel at the side
the back drapery lapses into a number of
overlapping folds or plaits.
kor kxoeftiokal figures.
It will "be seen that on this gown not
even bo much us a scrap of velvet is used
in trimming; tho entire effect depends
upon the cut, Of course such a costume
must be faultlessly made and it is the un?
fortunate feature of these severely simple
cloth dresses that they look really well
only on exceptional figures. One must be
tall, slender, graceful, and well-formed to
wear such a dress advantageously. But
indeed it is the season of the willowy
woman. The desiguers have conspired
against the petite and the portly sisters
Poplins were never more in favor than
they are at the present time and one may
wear poplin dinner dresses, reception
gowns, or even use the soft fabric for
fashion notes.
The long plush opera cloak, with its
graceful drooping folds from the shoulders
and its deep border of sable or Persian
lamb, is a most imposing affair.
Even the tea-gown is now adorned with
fur. Fur was never so popular for trim?
Some of the most singular shudes of
yellow appear in the materials for dinner,
receptions, and ball.dresses.
Chestnut and mahogany are the colors
of the English walking gowns.
The girl who believes in charms has
abandoned the yellow garter which she
used to wear above berieft knee and has
strung a lot of amber beads about her
A startling innovation is the use of
cloth for evening wear, but it may be pre?
dicted that cloth will be very general next
season for this and all similar occasions.
They talk of it evcti for bridal dresses, j.
_ C. H. M.
Discount Reduced.
LoxnoN, Jau. 8.?The Bank of England's
rate of discount has been reduced to 4 per
cent, and money is easy, largo sums hav?
ing arrived from Australia.
How and Why the Iron Man Had t* GO?
The Empress Mother Could Hot
Help Him at .ill.
London, Jan. 8?The following account
of the circumstances which, brought
about the resignation of Prince Bismarck
is published, by the Times this morning
and vouched for as accurate:
?' France now begins for the first time
to understand the cause of Bismarck'?,
fall, and the circumstances, unknown till
of late, which accompanied it. These
revelations are such as the chancellor's
bitter enemies never ventured to discuss.
The iron rule of Bismarck has of late
been an obstacle', an embarrassment and
a cause of irritation to everybody and a
constant difficulty in the dispatch of pub?
lic affairs. Latterly he had seen none of
the ministers of whom he was chief, had
listened to none of their objections, and
gave positive and definite orders, as if the
opinions of his associates iu the govern?
ment were of no value. He was almost in?
accessible, and received those only whom
his caprice invited around him. He toler?
ated no objections, listened with a conde?
scending smile, which condemned before?
hand the ideas submitted to him by his
young master, the emperor,. He even
ceased really to work, while complaining
bitterly if the slightest decision was come
to without consulting him, and yet pro?
fessed himself overwhelmed with labor
whenever documents were sent to him to
sign. He had become a terror to all who
were obliged to come near him: Nobody
ventured to contradict him; .even the Em?
peror William saw him only ^occasionally,
either because his master was atraid of
disturbing or irritating him. At last the
moment came when his pupil?now his
master?confronted the fact that he was
not master, but only chief servant. The
long restrained imperial discontent broke
into open quarrel and poured forth in such
a torrent that the eh incellor, taken by
surprise, and disconcerted, suddenly
said: 'Then 1 can only offer your majesty
my resignation.'
"The emperor was silent and Bismarck
withdrew. Two hours afterward, the res?
ignation not having arrived, the emperor
sent an aide-de-camp. The chancellor
greeted him very affably, being convinced
that the emperor wished him to return
and to reconsider his idea of resigning,
but to Bismarck's horror and surprise, the
aide-de-camp had been sent to demand
his written resignation. The prince, very
uneasy, made the lame excuse of not hav?
ing yet drawn it up and deferred the mat?
ter till the morrow. Next morning the
aide-de-camp reappeared. This time Bis?
marck was calmer, but again made the
same excuse, saying that before preparing
a written resignation he was bound to pay
a visit. Accordingly ho did pay a visit,
which, incredible as it ma\ appear, was to
the Empress Frederick. Yes, in panic at
his fall, this man, who but the day be?
fore had been the great chancellor, now
stoopeil before her whom he had so long
humbled and explained the danger of the
empire involved ill his fall, aud the fatal
consequences which the young emperor
risked iu thus overturning the empire.
He begged her majesty to intervene and
prevent the disaster to Germany and the
remorse that her sovereign would feel at
this unmerited humiliation of his most
faithful servant. The empress heard him
out. She saw him humiliating himself be?
t?re her, the man who had hated implaca?
bly her husband and herself and who had
sown distrust between father and sou.
No doubt she enjoyed the spectacle of see?
ing at her feet this bitler enemy, now dis?
missed by the very son whom he had reck?
oned on making his tool against her, aud
in a single sentence, becoming an em?
press, a mother aud a w oman, she returned
to this cringing diplomatist all the insults
he had cast upon her. ' 1 much regret
being quite powerless. I should have
been extremely glad to intervene with my
son in your favor, but you so employed
all your power iu estranging his.heart
from us, making his mind foreign to mine,
that 1 can only witness your fall without
being able to ward it off. When you are
no longer there my son will perhaps draw
nearer to me, but then it will be too late
tor me to help you.'
"The prince ' withdrew with downcast
head, and, returning home, found the
aide-de-camp, who, for the fourth time,
had come for his resignation, which tho
fallen statesman handed to him."
New Youk, Jan. S.?The stock mar?
ket was more active this morning 1311,400
shares changing hands in the two hours
before noon. Prices opened firm aud L^
to % higher. Lake Shore being the on?
ly exception, declining The Sugar
Trust and Lackawana were the-features;
the former advanced 2 per cent to* bT, and
the latter to I'.,. Other advances were
only slight. Sugar Trust subsequently
declined to 59??,lrat the rest of tho list re?
mained firm. In the afternoon the market
was not so active, but continued strong.
Lackawana, Rock Island, Unroll' Pacific,
Delaware <v Hudson and Denver & Rio
Grande preferred, were the features of tho
second hour und led the advance. Best
prices of the morning were current. At
the close this afternoon the market was
dull. Money easy at 3 @ 4. Exchaugo
quiet aud steady.
The Tariff In Franco.
The French tariffcommission-is holding
prolonged sittings daily in order to finish
its examination of the government hill
before the reopening of the Chambers in
January. Nearly every alteration made
enhances the duties in the proposed bill.
The tariff on woolen cloths weighing from
251 to 400 grammes per square metre
has been raised to 270 francs as the maxi?
mum and 220 francs as the minimum.
On woolen cloths of greater-weight the
tariff is increased by 10 francs. Among
the committee's proposals are a duty of
35 francs as the minimum per double bun- ?
dred-wcight on cottons and wools from
India aud China, 40 francs ?ou *cottons
from other countries, aud 12 francs on
unpicked cotton.
1 ? ?
The Fairmount Leaved.
(Bristol Courier.)
The proprietor* ol Hotel Kalrmoutu have ^a?t #peat
seven thouHaud dollars in rellttiu^'tbelri home with
heater*, ga?, etc., and hau- lea-ol it for t^o year* to
Mr. Clifford, ol ttlrmlngiuui, - w'r.u ?Hl throw the
door* open at once aud iuviie the puhiic to come ana '
wake itself at home.
Wanted the Earth.
(From the Lowell CKLen.) . \
Hal?So poor old Major Kvaus ha* letrthla aortal -
earth f
Harry?Yea. He must have suffered terribly to.
think he could uot take It with hiia wuea U ?Ued.

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