Newspaper Page Text
The Big Stone Post.
Raternl Ml tti? prut office at Mg Blow (tap, Va., at ?w<>nd-r!ot? matter, J>'ot. l*th, 18$*. LEADING PAPKR OF SOTTTHWKST TA. rttuorcr, wkklt n rat BIG STONE POST PUBLISHING CO. O. E. 8E.ARS PRCSIOCNT. Taiat or Scaacairnos: Out Ytar,. $100 Mi Moutb?,. $1.15 Parum ttrictlv !n advanc*. An%"axTtM*a Rival: Dltplaj advrrUaanianu prr !ncb, fur ?ath lnt*rtloo, BO ccota. I*fr?l notice*, obitoarieiU etc., 10 cente per tin* *arb laamtoa. Ditroant allowed for on* colamn or more. Friday, January 9, 1891. ScMCRIBKftB who arc indebted to the Post will please forward the amount due It wills pare us the necessity of dunning them by hills. Many have been indulged too long already in the hope that they would do their duty without being dun? ned. Some Statistical Pointers. Whatever may be said in regard to the unfairness or traud of the census bureau in estimating our population, it has fur? nished the country with certain facts of the highest value, particularly in their bear? ing on Southern development. There has been in ten years an increase of 73 per cent in the population of Southern cities; over 77 per cent in the value of property; over 4S per cent in wealth per capita; a reduction of IS per cent in State debts and 42 per cent in municipal debts, and of 21) per cent in annual interest, while the total State revenues have increased 100 per cent. There has been an increase of !>(> per cent in banking capital, 110 per cent in railroad construction and 118 per ccut in the number of railroad employes. There has been a further increase, b'-l per cent in manufacturing establishments, 207 per cent in the capital invested in them, 153 per cent in the number of hands employed, and 135 per cent in the value of the product.' In the production and manufacture of cotton. Southern industrial prosperity is further illustrated. There has been an increase of 107 per cent in the number of mills, 231 per cent in spindle's, 238 per cent in the number of looms, 201 per cent in the bales of cotton used and 2111 per cent in the value of the product. Previous to l?0 little use was made of cotton seed, but since then there has been au increase of 360 per cent in the crushed product, and 267 per cent in the value of it. But splendid as this showing is, the min? eral statistics ate still more surprising. There has been an increase of -ISO per cent in the production of pig iron and 4121 per cent in steel; an increase ot 332 percent in the production of coal,making an average increase of *77 per cent in the value of minerals. Much complaint is heard in regard to the hardship of the farming interest, but the census shuws that there has been an in? crease of over* 60 per cent of farm products and 54 per cent in live stock,this increase being due in a great measure to the build? ing up of mining and man facto ? ing towns, affording the farmer a hon market for whatever he raises. Nor have the educational interests been neglected, the report showing an increase of 161 per cent in school revenues, and 67 per cent in the number of pupils enrolled. This prosperty has been generally dif? fused, Kentucky being the only State in the South which declined in the produc? tion of iron and steel which has not ad? vanced with her sister states in her educa? tional development. It is safe to say that this vast industrial movement is yet in its infancy and that the census of 1!*00 will show still more marvelous progress. No other section of the country furnishes such results for the past ten years, and there is every reason to believe the contrast will be more strik within the next ten years. The Tariff in the East. The Eastern capitalists .ire by no means sentimental, but severely practical, and it is time for the South to adopt many of their thrifty though selfish ideas. When the maritime interests of that section were in the ascendency Daniel Webster delivered in the Senate a most ingenious aud able argument to show that a pro? tective tariff is unconstitutional. As soon as the manufacturing interest became the stronger he reversed his views on the constitutionality of protection and became its most powerful advocate. We are now about to w itness a new rev? olution in Eastern sentiment. Senator Hale arose last summer in his place and presented to the dignified und august body, of which he is a prominent member, one of I he most positive und com? prehensive petitions that has ever been offered in the Senate. It was a splendidly worded document, and the signatures em? braced more than five-hundred prominent firms in the New England States. They went on to declare thai it was absolutely necessary to the future prosperity of their interests for Congress to give them if not free coal and coke, then lower duties, on pig aud scrap iron. They pointed out in strong language why they ?night to have these concessions, and called attention to the fact that unless relief ot this kind was afforded it would be impossible for their establishments to successfully do business. Several years ago Congressman McKin? ley during the course of arconversation iu the Ebbitt-House lobby, made the signifi? cant, remark that iu less than ten years the people of new England would be ready to go to* war if they did not have the ad? vantage of a tariff so low that it would approach free trade or about as near free trade as is possible under our system of government. Ue said at the time that he could see the change gradually coming on iu that section, aud noted the fact that the leading newspapers of New England were rapidly wheeling around on the tariff question. He stated further that '?/the New England people, had reached a high state of perfection in the art of manufactures, and that as manufacturing advanced in the west aud south the New Engl?nders would be compelled to seek the foreign markets. They were able to compete with the world, and tbej were fast beginning to believe that they could j carry on business without being protected to any great extent. He was careful, j however, to add that he did not expect t any serious set-back to the cause of pro? tection, for he believed that all that was ! lost to the cause in New England would be made up by the gain in sentiment in the West and South. This is about the situation today. The New England congressmen are getting exceedingly shaky on the subject of pro? tection; and the moment they come to the conclusion that, on the whole, the interests of their section would be best subserved I by free trade, they will kick away the lad? der of protection, and with the votes the misguided free traders of the South, de? stroy the South as a rival. But their game is too plain, and it should not deceive any intelligent person here or elsewhere. They have gotten rich by protection. They can now do without it perhaps, and they see the South and West are getting rich by it too, so they who can beat the South and West in manufacturing because of their old establishad plants, if they can get free raw material, want to admit that material without duty. They know the South and West have this raw material and can beat them as long as the protective poliay prevails. But without the protect? ive policy they would occupy the vantage ground. They had rather compete with Europe than with the South. They may hold their own against Europe with free raw material, but they know they can't hold their own against the South with protected raw material. It is pitiful that men otherwise intelli? gent in the South and West, should be willing to help them play their sharp liftle game. The Devil and the Deep Sea. The news from Washington is both good and bad. It is difficult to say which meas? ure would prove more disastrous to the South and the Nation, the Force bill or Senator Stewart's free coinage amend? ment to the Silver bill, which, by a sur? prising device has been brought up in tho Senate for consideration and supercedes the former. Democrats believe they have thereby shelved the Force bill; but if they seriously favor the measure of Stewart, there is perhaps more danger to be ap? prehended from its passage than from the the Election law, infamous and hurtful as it would undoubtedly prove. Stewart is one of the silver kings who bought a seat in the Senate, and who is there for the sole purpose of forcing an unlimited quantity of that metal on the country. Should his amendment become a law it will drive the$400,000,000 of gold from circulation within twenty-four hours after its passage and precipitate a panic to which it would be difficult to find a par? allel. It seems incredible that the Democrats are willing to become the tools of the sil? ver syndicate, and ready to bring upon ,the country the widespread disaster which must follow the passage of such a meas? ure, but there is reason to fear such a re? sult. - It would be bad politics as well as bad statesmanship. It would give Harrison an opportunity to redeem the disaster of the last election and rally to his party al? most every solid business man in the North, Yet this is what the Democratic politicians are constantly doing. The Re? publican party no sooner gets into a posi? tion where if may be beaten in a national contest than our alleged leaders come to their rescue, and by some idiotic blunder of their own, change places with their ad? versaries. For thi-" reason overwhelming democratic victories in off years amount to little. No sooner are the returns in than the politicians devofc themselves to the work of throwing away the fruits of a victory which the masses of the party have won. Cash Wanted. The capital of our banks should be in? creased, and in addition, the Loan and building Association spoken of with $i2.">0 000 capital, should be started. To show the profitableness of this last, here is the annual statement of one with the same capital located in one of the older towns of Southwest Virginia. RESOURCES. Loans and discounts. $:i25,o<j7 31 St(.rk>. 223,265 00 Ken! Kstnte. 13,500 00 Furniture. G00 00 j Cash on hand anil in hanks. 115,563 53 Expensei and taxes. 2,ss7 G2 *6s0,913 46 LIABILITIES. Capital.1250,000 00 Undivided profits ami earnings.127,0*5 15 Deposits on certificate. a%fW4 73 Deposit* on check. 167,450 03 Bill? payable. 5,058 83 Itcdisiounts. 34,735 23 $680,913 4G This certainly seems prosperous enough. Our young men here have an 'abundance of good securities and would build and en? ter business if they could borrow money on them, but there is an actual, sheer scarcity of cash. One of the crying de? mands of the place is an enlargement of banking facilities and power to accommo? date, and the establishment of loan aud trust companies. The Commercial Club. The Commercial Club meeting Monday J evening was interesting, though there was not a large attendance. It has become apparent even so early since the or? ganization of the body, that it can be made a useful institution. True, there is a lamentable lack of in? terest on the part of some of the members, aud several of the committees are dilatory and neglectful of their duties. Rut a nu? cleus of stirriug and intelligent workers has been formed and results are becom? ing manifest. It is unfortuuate that more members do not attend the meetings regularly; and it is unfortunate too that greater effort is not made to secure additional membership. There aie a number of working men aud merchants in the city who have not been enrolled, though the aims of the organi? zation are directed toward the furthering of their interests. If every member would bring in a recruit next Monday evening their presence would add to the interest of the meeting. A crowd draws a crowd. The initiation fee. is small and the monthly dues a mere song. Both hare been put at the lowest figure in order to secure the membership nnd attendance of the humblest nnd poorest. It is clearly to the interest of every citizen to aid the organization by his presence, his counsel, and by such material contributions as one can afford to make. Words need not be multiplied to prove this. It goes without the saying; and he is a short-sighted person who does not see it and act on it. Lunatics at Large. Three prominent papers in the South seem to be edited now by the office cat. Referring to the election bill the Mem? phis Appeal-Avalanche says: "It will unloose the dogt. Where now is peace will be disorder. *'*.'*.* "Force fhould meet force. The response of the South to Ibe Clotore resolution should be nn appeal to arms." Can anything be more ridiculous? Such stuff would be comical were it not hurtful. Coming from the leading paper in a lead? ing Southern city it will be used as reflec? tive of Southern sentimt nt, though there is no reason to believe a dozen sane persons in the entire South even have a toloration for such nonsense. Then here comes the Atlanta Consti? tution, whose editor is dead, and referring to the financial situation says: "There is no alternative, if we can not get rid of financial oppression peacaldy, wc must iln it forcibly. Men are nut going to sec their trade. Industry prop? erty and money wiped out or taken from tbem with? out a struggle. We are not alarmist*, bat we feel it our duty to sound a note of warning. For the fir-t time in th<; history of the country cotton in our South? ern seaports fails to command the money that it calls for. The plutocrat? have locked up the currency of the Republic so securely that they can. when it suits their pleasure, beggar the planters of the South, the farmers ,,f the West, the merchants everywhere In the land, and make tramps of thousands of laborers be? tween the two oceans I" Add to these extracts the utterances of the Courier-Journal denouncing manufac? turers as "robbers" and the projectors of Southern industries as frauds, and we have a spectacle which reflects seriously upon our public school system and our laws for the confinement and treatment of lunatics. It is singular that intelligent people will tolerate such rot in newspapers assuming to be leading and representative. As long as there are vacant rooms in our lu? natic asylums and cuddies for the confine? ment of refractory office cats, such splut? ter is inexcusable. A Catholic priest, who has been much among, the Indians, says they were starved into re? volt. Their rations have been cut down by the Indian Commissioner, and their numbers were not fully reported by the census agent, They have been victims of a false count, and have unquestionably been robbed in many other ways by the Indian agents. Rod Cloud complained that his people had no newspa? pers. There is no doubt the red man has been for years the victim of corruption and mis? rule. Hut the fates seem against him and the 200,000 Indians remaining in this country must soon disappear and live only in song and story. Many think they had as well die light? ing: and, after all, it is as easy ami satisfactory a mode of exit as any. Sitting Rull no longer feels for his wronged race. All his bitterness was suddenly swallowed up in the bitterness of death. A shot, a stretch and rigor of the limbs, and all was over. Red Cloud survives only to sutler. General Watt ITardin is being urged tn be? come a candidate fur Governor of Kentucky. Though General Ilardin has some mistaken views about political economy, he has a head fur business and is thoroughly in sympathy with the industrial movement in Kentucky, which is working its way through the restraints and snares of her politicians. If all the South? ern States would elect Governors having like interests ami .sympathies. Southern progress would be aided and not hindered by State ad? ministrations and Legislatures. It would be refreshing to sec a man of business sagacity and foresight Governor of Kentucky. General Hardin could be of great service to his State, and that service would be increased in value if he would boldly take the bull by the horns and upset the cliques that have been having things their own way, and retarding Ken? tucky's progress. No State in the L'nion is so badly in need of a shake-up. The city council merely " talked over " the I drainage question at its meeting Monday eve? ning. Something more must be done. It will be vastly cheaper to drain the ponds before the streets are graded. It will be vastly cheaper, too, to do this draining during the winter be-1 fore the summer's sun, beating upon the j marshy places, generates the*poisonous mi? crobe that causes disease and death. It is much easier, as well as cheaper, to prevent an epidemic than to recover from one. The failure of the council to appropriate one or two thous and dollars for this purpose during the winter will cost the city an incalculable amount before another winter. The people of Rig Stone Gap, and those interested here, may pass this warn ing by with indifference. Other new towns have done likewise and have virtually been desolated. This is the most important mutter that can now engage public attention. A committee was appointed by the Commer? cial Club Monday evening to consider the feas? ibility of making a new county out of Wise, a part of Scott and a part of Lee, locating the court house at Rig Stone Gap, It seems that Lee county is very narrow, though it is fifty or sixty miles long: and Gladeville, the county seat of Wise, is badly located, and, in winter and spring, almost inaccessible because of muddy roads. Mr. W. E. Harris brought the matter up fur discussion, and the sentiment of the club seemed decidedly favorable to the movement. If the council wants to confer a debt of grati? tude upon the citizens of Rig Stone Gap as well as upon those who are yet to become citi? zens, they should adopt some plan for drain? ing the ponds and prevent an epidemic next summer which will throw us back five or ten years. There is no use mincing matters. The city must be drained and we must have a capable Hoard of Health. Commence in time. Kentucky was the only Southern State that produced less iron between '80 ami *'J0 than between TO and'SO; and Louisville is the only city where an audience can not be had to hear a literary lecture. Iron and culture go to? gether, and both are enemies of free trade. C'ounellsville has cut January coke to $1.90 at the furnace. Rig Stone Gap coke, though superior to that of Conncllsville, will always be supplied at from fifteen and twenty cents less than the Conncllsville price. Our coke makers can drop to $1.45 and still make good money. January 19th, will be General R. E. Lee's birthday; and by a law of Virginia, it is a legal holiday. Steps should be taken here to cele? brate the eveut. All classes and all parties may appropriately joiu in paying honor to Gen? eral Lee's noble character and his greatness us a soldier and a man. Iu every town in the State there will be some ceremony commemorative of his birth and heroic life. Big Stone Gap can not afford to be dilatory in paying homage to his majestic memoir. Airy Tongue*. At a charity ball in Louisville perhaps the handsomest lady in the city appeared as Cleo? patra, and one of the homeliest of men as Marc Antony. The dramatis persona?, however, were selected with reference to the truth of history. Shakspearc tells us Antony had " a lean and hungry look," while Cleopatra's fair form was rounded and shapely, presenting a ravishrag picture of softness and beauty. The lady's costume was mure modern: and when,in the first tableau, the slare removed the Queen's robe in the presence of C:rsar her form was still dr.i|>ed in a gown of pink satin, ex? quisitely trimmed?an important concession to modern modesty and good taste, though a try- ! ing strain upon modern curiosity. Who the flare was we arc not told; but, judging from the newspaper description nfthe lady's beauty, his name must hare been legion. * * The baby Indian, less than a year old, w ho lay on the battle field of 1'ine Ridge exposed to the bitter cold for three nights and days, clinging to its dead mother, and yet survived, may prove a little red Moses to lead his tribe from captivity and oppression. There must be vast possibilities in a baby capable of withstanding such exposure in a Northwestern blizzard. * % It pains me to learn that the courts, under our Democratic institutions, are so unapprecia tive of titles and aristocratic surroundings that they will not allow the Duchess of Marlbor ongh more than $80,000 per annum for her per? sonal expenses, and have rudely ordered that the remaining $50,000 of her income shall go toward paying her debts. What a pitiless, grasping crew- her creditors must be to s.-ek so large an allowance of her income, leaving the fair duchess only a pittance of$S0,000 per an? num ! It must be a flinty-faced Shylock in? deed who would whet his knife on such a heart as hers. Said one of our civil engineers: " When I was in Kansas City a few years ago, and about as impecunious as a real-estate agent in a new town when the boom is somewhere else, we boys, working on the cable line, used to stand on the street-corners and bet with one another as to the number of men and w omen who would pass in a certain length of time. 1 joined them one day, when I knew what was happening a few blocks off, and bet them all I conldraise as to th? number of negroes who would soon come by. In fifteen minutes I had the crowd dead broke, for the negro funeral which I had seen around the corner came by in full numbers and with martial tread." \ J Everybody is complaining because of the scarcity of good washerwomen or the need of a good laundry. The washerwomen ply their avocations for two or three months, then com? mence speculating in real estate, buying a lot or two on Poplar Mill and here and there a busi? ness block, and if one mentions soaps and .-mis to them, they become highly insulted. There is such a thing as getting rich too fast, and j that's what's the matter with the big Stone flap washerwomen. * * i The newspapers are still commenting oil the I fact that James bane Allen could not draw an audience in Louisville to hear his lecture. Louisville is not a literary city; an average so? ciety woman and the average society man knows far less about literature than about the fashionable feather for the bonnet or the fash? ionable tie for the neck. They talk of the bal? let and the price of pork; and their active sympathies are most deeply aroused in per? forming-some act of toadyism. What care tbey for a lectureon literature? They are not sufficiently acquainted with literature to hare the desire for learning; and consequently they rather resent the presence of a literary stu? dent among them. '? Why torment us before our time ?" they ask. ?' Why come among us and remind us that we know nothing of the literature of either the South or the North ? In? vite us tit a dinner at the Pcndennis, that wo : may sip wine with dudes ami enjoy the con- ; genial companionship of sap-heads, and we will put up live dollars per plate. But one or ! two dollars for literature?never ! " LITERARY. Newspaper Heltes. We assume, to begin with, that ? So? ciety Notes " and " Society Scraps " were ; invented by a retired soapboiler, who car? ried his business interests into his private life, and desired to advertise the elegance of his furniture or the beauty of his daughters. The soapboiler hypothesis is I the only tenable one that occurs to us, because no man. sure of his position in society, would desire to make the public a party to his private actions. In this view ' of the case there is but OllC objection to " Society Notes." They are too meagre. The opportunity to make this feature of the newspaper readable to the general pub? lic is at hand. The soapboiler has deliv? ered himself over to the reporter and the reporter has handed him over to the mer- j cies of the public, and the public de mands a full account of his receptions i and all the details of his private life. : When we go through with the soapboilers let us have?but in the meantime, if the reporter has done his duty, he may find that parties arc held with locked doors. While the reporter is about it. why does he not describe the roitf/e, the vanity, the powder and the paint'.' We are only car? rying out " Society Notes " to their legiti? mate consequence, and may best illustrate the true system as suggested to the re porter by the following extract from Al phonsc Daudet's." This is Daudet's description of a party in the days of the ' regiim of Napoleon III: "From the place in which he found him self he witnessed the curious procession of Jenkiu's guests, which was not ended at midnight. The open saloon, the vast ante-room, whose doors had been taken oil. on w hich floated out the long trains whose silken weight seemed to draw back wards the iiudraped shoulders of the la? dies, in that graceful ascending motion that made them appear, little by little, un? til their glory was completely revealed. The collides, when they reached the top, I seemed as if entering upon the stage, and that was true, as each of them left on the top steps, the frowns, the lines of care, the air of weariness, their anger and their sadness, and showed a satisfied counte? nance, a beaming smile on the calm com? posure of the features. Tin; men exchange loyal hand-shakes, fraternal effusions;the women, hearing nothing, absorbed in themselves, with little stationary prances, graceful shivers, and much play of eyes and shoulders, murmured a lew words of welcome. * * * * ' This society is horrible,' whispered the pro? vincial to himself. The smiles that sur? rounded him appeared to him like grim? aces." The publication of society notes may be traced to the English method of ga? zetting those received by the Queen. But this is requisite information to a nobil? ity and gentry widely scattered, and the ceremony is a feature of an established society. The public is, in a measure, in? terested in it, and description appertains to a class set apart, and involves some? thing more than the dress of the wearers. In fact the dress on such occasions is a rcgulutiouscostuiue, probably so ordained to prevent any senseless display. Any public-occasion, for that matter, will ad? mit of a description of toilets; and. per? haps the couutry has a right to know what i tbc wife of the president wore at a re? ception: and very possibly, the public has a right to demand what Sirs. Harrison is going to wear on the next grand occasion at the White House. But we emphatically deny that the public wishes to know what Miss Anybody wore at the cooking club. There is a common law against obstruct? ing the public highway. The public has the same rights in regard to the columns of a newspaper. Perhaps the reporter is largely to blame for it, certainly no beau? tiful woman, with graces and charms, daz? zling or simple, requires to be heralded in the newspapers. Men do not go to the " society column " to hunt wives. At best this publicity only gratifies a vulgar van? ity, and is plainly an element and evidence of weakness. Society is full enough of vanities and follies without being cheap? ened after this fashion. Societv has it? own laws, and has as much as it can do to take care of itself in its own quiet and orderly way. Let us have some enjoy? ment, some special right to the beauty and blooms in our own households, and in our own circles of friends and acquaint? ances. What is the use of sharing it with the shop-boy? After we have drank the wines and finished the supper let us clear away the table, have the dance out. and be done with it. Let the flirtations ripen if they will; let the young men pay for their hacks if they can: let the hap? piness come of it as much as there may? but let us keep it all to ourselves. Be as? sured, this newspaper notoriety is wholly American. American society is, in a measure, unstable, but it is not true that "we have no society.'' The possession of wealth is undoubtedly essential to that leisure, which is as essential to social enjoyments as well as to the cultivation of the graces and amenities of life. Wealth does not leave families in America so rapidly that at any one time no members of the Old Guard are left. It remains with them long enough, moreover, to impress on them all the tastes and qualities which belong to a self-respecting body of people who represent here that society which, in Eng? land, for example, carries in it all the principles of honor nnd refinement. This Kind of society, which has gained these qualities by experience and tradition pos? sesses a common sense and judgment or instinct, which gives to each member sim? plicity of manner and a safe-conduct in matters of etiquette. Its principles arc higher than such as are based on wealth, however indispensable wealth may be for certain purposes of society. On the bor? ders of this lifeand in its shadow, are those whom misfortune has overtaken, those young men not seen at the parties, tint who are struggling to earn bread for an impoverished family which keeps up the old traditions. In this border laud live the maidens who have all the graces and charms that dazzle in th?' parlors they never visit. Linked to this circle proper, is this obscure society of true gentility. The living part of it, that which enter? tains and moves in the fashionable world, is considerate nnd unostentatious. It does not need, and does not wish, to display itself in the "society column.": We have only suggested a topic which , the glib writers of the Northern magazines, who contend that wc have no society, may ! reflect on. As to notices in the newspa- J pers of the movements and actions of people, there are many matters of legiti? mate news. The noting of the departure of many people for watering places in the summer, may, in fact, be and is a mat- , ter of interest, and a convenience to a . sufficient number of readers to make it desirable information. In the case of a "society man" of the inferior type, who is j it debt, it certainly affords some sort of amusement to his creditor, and awakens some admiration for his debtor's sublime cheek. To record the movements of such a man at Saratoga is to interest the tail? ors and bootmakers. But wc are about to enter on a branch of this subject which is too attractive and too large a field. A description of the methods, and inner and outer life of this society, must be left to some future Alphonsc Daudet. VIKWKi) l'KOM A DI STA NC K. What a Northern Observer Think* Ibiiill the Resources und Prospects ni the South. [Philadelphia Times. In its labor, which, in the number of employes,includes 38 per cent of the labor of the whole country, strikes during the last decade have been but as OIIC to twelve in the rest of the United States. In its supply of water power, which equals six times the entire water and steam power in use for manufacturing purposes in the United States in 1880 and which can be utilized at an average of $1.70 per horse power against an average of not less than $15 in the rest of the country, it possesses the cheapest and most abundant motive power in any country of equal area in the known world. Thus in labor and cheap motive power, the two most impor? tant elements in the conversion of the natural wealth of the country into forms available for consumption, the South stands pre-eminent. And when it comes to an inventory of natural wealth the showing is immense. Over 40 per cent of the area of the South is still heavily timbered, as against 10 per cent for the rest of the country. There is still standing about 230,000,000 liiill feet of yellow pine, the best and most endurable of all the pine for building purposes. When to this is added the other timber in the South the sum total reaches 800,000,000,000 feet, with a mar? ket value of $10,000,000,000. The yearly cut of timber in its various forms amounts to more than $100,000,000 in value, and is increasing rapidly. In the last ten years the number of blast furnaces has greatly increased and the production of pig iron risen from ??110,772 tons in 1880 to 1,684,60*1 in 1 >!'?)? an increase of 480 per cent. In the mat? ter of fuel the South has an abundance of cheap anil exceilcnt coal. The bulk of the ore front which the .Southern pig iron : is made is native. There are more than twice as many cotton mills as in 1880. The [ number has risen from IUI in 1880, con? suming 180,971 bales of cotton with a pro? duct worth $16,356; 182, to 334 in 1890, con? suming 545,250 bales and turning out a product of $54,199,370. A striking feature of this exhibit is the proportionate in? crease in the value of this product; show? ing that the new mills are largely devoted to the production of the finer grades of goods. Another remarkable index of the grow? ing prosperity of the South is found in the rapid increase of its railway mileage. This has more than doubled in the decade, having risen from 19,572 miles 1880 to 41,118 in 1890. The gross earnings last year reached $119,897,205. Of course I so much railroad building and so great an increase in the manufactures of lumber, cotton and iron must of necessity have stimulated agriculture, which, before the war, was the chief resource of the South. In this field the showing is an increase in the farms from 1,551,067 in 1890; in the value of agricultural ma? chinery, from $67,372,500 to $120,750,000; in acreage, from 54,679,140 to 75,511,429; in the value of products,from $611,699,145 to $984,707,000, and in tin- value of live stock, from $360,066,883 to $555,905,108. One could go on indefinitely showing from the census statistics regarding the increase itt banking capital, the assessed value of property, the rate of the in? crease in population and a hundred other particulars, how since the death of slavery the South has experienced a new birth in industrial prosperity, but the figures al? ready given will suffice to indicate the general tendency. The One Thin - Omitted. "I want tci pay Ibis bill," he said to the clerk. '?Km 1 think you have made .-. slight error hero In my favor. I've been reading the extras and I cannot nnd that you have charged anything for telling ate it might rain." LtFE TA KEKS. Four of the iteoently Elected Farmers* Al? llance Candidate* From the Palmetto State Have lleen Charged trith Mur t der and Tried for the Crime. (Washington Dixpatcli to the Tlia??rSi*r.) It is notable that tour of the men who were elected to important offices by the Farmers Alliance of South Carolina have been tried for murder. The unfortunate circumstance is not necessarily of itsell a reproach to the honored gentlemen, but it is, to say the least, noteworthy. So long as these gentlemen were, merely private and unaspiring citizens the inci? dents of their lives were (not matters of general interest or concern, but as they are coming to congress to make laws for the government of the country these inci? dents, extraordinary as they are. are legtt i imately subjccLto the pryings of curiosity. The most prominent figure in the Farm? ers' Alliance movement in South Carolina ?ras Gov. Tillman. He is one of the four who were tried for the killing of their fel lowmen. Unlike the others he wxs con? victed and served a term of imprisonment the then governor of the State, refusing to grant him a pardon. The murder was committed in Edgefield, S. C. in a gam? bling room. Tillman. SO the story goes, became involved in a dispute with the dealer of a faro game as to the amount of money bet on a card, and it was agreed that a bystander should settle the dispute. He decided advcrsly to Tillman who there? upon shot him dead. Tillman fled the State and was absent several years, returning at the breaking out of the w ar. He was arrested, convic? ted of manslaughter and served out a sen? tence of two years' imprisonment. Senator-elect Irby, who is now a staid member of the Baptist church was along in the seventies outlawed by Governor Simpson for the alleged killing of a man named Kilgorc in Lauren- county. He decamped when a reward of $1,5(10 was offered for him and remained out of the State until the affair blew over, when he returned and was acquitted. His next exploit was to arm himself with a shotgun while he was painting the town of Lau rens a bright V'ermillion and defy the au? thorities to arrest him. For this bit of pleasantry he paid a fine. Then some man offended him and be brought one of his negroes from his plantation, cave him a horsewhip and catching the offender un? awares, held a pistol to his head and one to the negro's head and compelled the ne? gro to whip the man. Other acts of gcu tle playfulness arc charged up to his ac? count, but as he has for sometime led an exemplary li:'.- they are not remembered to his discredit, and the above are only al? luded to as a part of the history of the man who is soon to take his .-eat in the Councils of the nation. Shell, the Alliance member-elect from the Fourth Soutl: Carolina district, was once tried for the murder of a man named Joseph Crews, who was an active Republi? can politician during reconstruction times. Crews had a good man;, enemies personal as well as political, and one night while he was driving along the public highway in a buggy w ith a companion he was tired on from ambush and instantly killed. Mr. Shell was suspected and was arrested and tried, but acquitted. To this day the identity of the assassin remains unknown. Johnstonc, the Alliance member-elect from the adjoining district?the Third? was charged with murder some two years ago, but w as acquitted on a plea of self defense. While Irving a case bet?re a justice, he became involved in a difficulty with another member of the bar ami shot him dead. The evidence showed that there was provocation and that when Johnstonc fired the fatal .-hot his life w as in imminent danger. 11 is such an extraordinary circumstance that a State should send to congress three men that have been defendants in murder trials that it is worthy of mention. And w hat makes the circumstance all the more remarkable is that all three were elected by a new political party. I*ARN ELL'S TKA1TS. Iiis Mysterious Methods and It egal Man? ner Toward Everybody. (ii. IV. Smalley in the X. Y. Tribune.) Mr. Partiell has always been the mys? tery man of politics anil people now think the mystery is cleared up. The mystery was Mrs.O'Shea. When Mr. Parnell was not in the House of Commons he was at I'.ltham in her society, or at some one of the many other places in which this long intrigue was at different times carried on. His absences were often commented on: never explained. The discretion of the English press in such matters, even in these days of new journalism, is often admirable. There have been many peo? ple that knew what was going on. There has bean plenty of surmise and, as Mr. Parnell's friends believe, seand.il. Once or twice, as we saw at tin: trial,.some hint or veiled statement has found its way into print, generally into rather obscure print, but of that publicity which in America would have thrown an electric light on the doings at lYoncrish Lodge there has been none. Never. I suppose, did any man carry secrecy and mystery so far. It was sup? posed at one time that Mr. Parnell cloak? ed his movements because he dreaded assassination. That was more particularly after the PliOMiix-Park murders, when the ralutioiis between tne Irish leader and the iuvincibles, as with the dynamite and other rather extreme wings of the party, were Ft rained. It is difficult to say whether danger really existed or whether Mr.Parnell believed it to exist. What is certain is that long after it was over the mystery was still kept up. His own party, his own followers?comrades he had uotii?never knew where to find him or how to reach him. During the session he gave no ad? dress but tin- House of Commons, and often he was nol at the lb.use for days, sometimes not lor weeks. A great pile of unopened letteis and telegrams would be waiting for him when he came. They were never forwarded, because nobody knew where to forward them. When he arrived he opened the telegrams and some? times the letters. Sometimes?not al always. He has been seen to put a great packet of sealed letters into the fire without looking at them. He cared nothing for society, but of late years some of his new Liberal allies or their wives have sought him, and asked him to dine. If they knew his ways, thev sent their invitations by telegraph; nor were they even then always received. There was one case which will serve as well as man;.. A telegram was sent inviting Mr. Parnell to dine at a well-known house on a specified day. A large party was to be given: perhaps Mr.Gladstone was to have been present. No answer came from Mr. Panic!!. The day arrived and the dinner took place without him. It was on a Wednesday. On the Wednesday following about noon his hostess received a telegram in which he excused himself on the ground of absence for not having answered earlier, adding that he would dine with her and her husband that even? ing with pleasure. Her husband .mean? time hud gone abroad; she herself was engaged to dine elsewhere. Rut she was a woman of resources and of flexible mind, saw at once that he had mistaken the date?an easy thing to do with a telegram ?threw over her engagement; sent oil half a dozen dispatches to intimate friends who could be asked without ceremonv for the same evening, and when Mr. Parnell arrived he found a company assembled, though not a large one, and went into diiinecwithottt dreaming he was a week I late. The difficulty for those who had busi? ness relations with him was not less. His party never knew whether thev might count on him or not. What they did know was that messages and entreaties were thrown away on him. If a great Irish debate were on Mr. Parnell might or might not be present. None but ,. wits in his confidence. Numherle?? stances might be cited, bat thin is not" biography nor an obituary notice; ornot yet. I will but remind you of the cont>r. ence he summoned recently ar [, , summoned, and then did not giv< the trouble to attend. He thought ? ficient to send his order* by telcgra; so it was. They were followed to th< fer. He has never taken much . . conceal his contempt for his sssoi i :r. . But the odd thing is that he . same regal manners toward others higher position. He was not caret to keep an appointment, even ? the appointment was with Mr. Wad-ton* and the subject of conference oik i ?, . the policy he had at heart. Nay, confidential advisers in the two porfant matters of business I had to transact were not trusted address, or not- for a long tim< ? I them as with his political puppets, same mystery prevailed; there ?ra? ? j same suggestion of some occult ?? that was all-controlling and all- , with Mr. Parnell. To hear thai : fiuence was Mrs. O'Shea's i? i -. the whole country; even t?> th ?. - . many of those, who were not his ft Selections from Heine. (Lafayette and Napoleon Whatever infatuated friends i critical enemies may say. La fay i tti - ? purest character of the French revol . and next to Napoleon he is ,:- .. popular hero. Napoleon and La! are the two names that now fairest in France. Their fame no . is of diverse kind: the one long! i for peace than for conquest; th? fought for laurel, rather than : ? . oaken wreath. It would certain ridiculous did we seek t>> measure ? greatness of the two heroes by t: . . standard or to place the one i?:; : . tal made for the other. It wo surd to set the statue of Lafayetti Vcndomc Column, that column cast cannon, the booty of so man fields. On this bronze pillar :? a< Icon, the man of bronze, there, as supported by his cannon glory. isolation, towering to tin- clouds - every ambitious soldier, as he . him?him, the unattainable ma* heart humbled and cured of his vn for glory. In this way the metal pillar serves a lightning-i for conquest, seeking heroism, ami the greatest value for the pea< ? : Lafayette reared for himself i monument than that of tin \ Place, and a better statue than metal or of marble. Where found marble pure as that heart, strong as the constancy of tin ette? True, he was a mau ot Ida? ? ? was the bias of the magnetic need ? ing ever to the north, am! no; ?i?mct:i , to the south or the east by way For forty years Lafayette- has il pealed the same thing, and ? pointed to North America. It was inaugurated the revolution by t; ? ation of the rights of man. To this helms remained faithful to tin- ?:? lion, without which no political is to be expected?lie. the iiivariab] w it'n his invariable cardinal poii ? ? city. Verily, he is no genius, .1- '? Icon was, in whose brain the eagh - spiration built their eyries whilsi ii bosom writhed the serpents ol cak tl Hut the eagles had no terror for Lai and the serpents no power to - du \. a youth he had the wisdom ot nge old man. he preserved the fire A protector of the people against i cunning of the great, a protector great against the fury of the ;.pie. - patbizing and combating, never pro tuotis and never despondent, harm ly strong and gentle. Lafayette ren always the same, and thus, with this ; tiality. he has stood on thesami ?pol the days of Marie Antoinette to tin cut hour: a true Elkhardt of freedoi still stands, ever leaning on In- swoi . . . in warning attitude, beside the en I i to the Tuileries, the enchanted Mount* of Venus whence come magical cnl strains, and out of whose scducti the poor captive, once enthralled/:an : free himself. It is certainly the case that the lead Napoleon is more loved by the French people than the living Lafayette haps he is so just because he is which, as far as I am concerned is n .? I like best about Napoleon ; for were h> ?t alive I should have to aid in his over? throw. The name '"Napoleon" is for i French a magical spell that elect rilii - stuns them. The voices of a t;. cannon sleep in that name, as in the until of the Vendome Place, and tin I leries will tremble when one day the of these cannon shall awake. A> i uttered not lightly the name of theii so here the name of Napoleon is J heard: he is always "the man"?I'll Hut his likeness is every where, ii. ? ing ami in plaster, in metal and in and in all situations. On even bo and on every street corner, are t found orators who praise him?"tin ?and ballad singers who chant his On my way home last evening as I ?> ?-? passing through a little obscure -' saw a child of scarce three years -* - beside a tallow candle fixed in tin ?? ? lisping a song in praise of the pn il peror. As I was in the act -it throw _? i SOU ill the outstretched handki i heard something glide close up I which likewise begged for a - It an old soldier, who assuredly ? sing a lay about the faun- of the y Emperor, lor this fame had cosi legs. The poor, maitned fellow beg: a sou, not in the name ol God, ; it the most confident fervor implori I ' the sake of Napoleon?"an ? leon donnez-moi un sou." His natu the people as an exorcism. N ip thcirGod, their worship, their ii religion which, like every other, ?< ? ? *' come hackneyed at last. Lafayetti other hand, is revered rather as n as a guardian angel. He also livi - tu res and songs, but less heroic i speak frankly, the effect u; n rather ludicrous than otherwise, the t-'s-th of duly last I heard i "iAifayette en cheeuux blmic*, Parxieime, whilst 1 beheld the seit wearing a brown wi_' and si near me. This was on the Bastil The man was on the right spot, an ? could not but inwardly smile, i such an admixture of the laughal him home more closely to ? hearts. His boufunnie is appreci by children, and they understand deur better than do grown p< him too I can relate a little begpu dote, which also serves to distill}! ~ character of his fame from that ol " Icon. As 1 was standing the otl - a street corner in view ot the I *nl and, as usual with me when conti this beautiful building, lost in un a little Auvernat came Up to mi ? ?? ged a ton. To be quickly rid ul gave him a ten-sou piece. Bui u< approached with greater fainiliarit ? inquired: "Do you know tiein ra! etteV" "1'Jnt <r ijiii' t'oos con Qenerul Lafayette?" When 1 in the affirmative to this Strang? >| a look of proud satisfaction ov< - the dirty naive couilteuaueC ol tin some boy, and with the queerest ? : uess he said: "He is of mv c< "liest de mun payst" The little A at thought no doubt that a pers gave him ten sous must surely he tnirer of Lafayette, and he then " ed me worthy to make the acquaint* of a young country man of the old K? ??' A Murderer Turned 1'rruclu-r. Ptsevru*, Kv., Jan. 7, W9L?Andy .)? PlnevUie Terror," noted for the immt? r : in? killed, baa become converted and i- 1 , jorler, having Liken the pulpit ul u numb in?-, lit the mountain dlmrtcts. The a* very largely utteuded. Jwhu?ou ba~ UIW a ?coro of inen.