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The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, January 23, 1891, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87060150/1891-01-23/ed-1/seq-1/

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NO. 23.
?n<l Director* of the
rh;;;^ W improve-". Com
llHT,w<ir.no r,~
, ...? i he directors and
' ' Irl- of tlu Big Stone Gap h?;
Company mcl here at the Bv
:. .. ;M?,.Tdaj Ninc-tenthg
, 'wc;.c :. >resentcd al the
"' \,> Inman, Scott, Clyde.
'"\'\ v bin - McDowell,
. . . i>v] ,1. Huidckopcr.Thrns
,V" i \u. present. All reined
. i, thi start. There
from pmall holders;
i. Union people, but
o , .,i ~t rength to em
Ij j i., !<.;. ili< meeting:
irfIani/.ation <?' " Bank
t,.t Company :it Big
,n j |u' bonds of the
,1 ^ibhtantiall) as" lol
thai i? naturally sng
?. .? money t<> come
ipitul necessary to
Win? good will it
;?>! ! In' Stock of t he
,uu ?* moncv i> snp
t,lM . in this way:
?;,:,.i, : the trus
. . -Ii* There i.r? i? notes
,auiic by the I'Mh
!j>I IiS."?.0*J This
? i I(i "i cash in
,.,] j.. ur matured <>r to
. ui >uld be carried
;? iv??ld he a good
? ivilh mid would give
?i \ .ii tin present
u to this f~Mnt i liere arc
i.i? ihc ycat to the
, .ic hundred thous
.-. ?cxt suggests itself
iiavi \?"t that tliest?
!'uder present eir
. litious the best cstt
iad? Im the trustee
: .;i tin company, is
wcnty-Hv? pci cent
min/ will !??? ;?:?.??!
lt?n\ n a su ns for tnis
.1 it the purchasers
;i-h i banking institu
..' had beeil cstab
huvij ihe assurance
ue\ tin v ii"" pay* but
j. ri ? -i from sales
until the bonds are
,. main as ?? perma
,i Purehasci - who
i\u deferred install
left without money
. i In properly pur?
lin assuru'uee that
..: collateral they
.. ?. no< essary f<?i that
mi i, at the Uap who
,.!ii-.ii i-t' those who
,.. .... na\ out >'l their
i . [payments when
il be .it ??nee wtth
' iliiVti and t.? that c.v
i 1 iuauHicictii
i uitl Hi.-.--- parties, the
w Ii< in are perfectly
nav in de pi udent *>t
.11 fail !?? pay, and
: i inn I'he t rustee
.11 iuii duet not see
? .... these parties, and
t will institult
lhi st notes, iucur
u! o.vponss hotIi upon j
? ...it he nui chasers.
. tin fai i that it had
to briii" these suits,
. . .-'I t v. il i conflict a
... . rM*ui i In boiidhold
?-itizeii ' the town
;il: lied :i1iu da . c been
k parties owing deferred
ii : :.i ? plan is carried tint.
? institution cstnb
' will at once pay up
i life ii ti i e t ?? <lo so.
' ? :. lit \ !ivi j., r uc.nl <>t
.Ul 1 . ju'oiiiptlv real?
en I ? relit 'I up m. It
. .: t ? conduct llu
a pen any other t hau
i.. . rineiple.-. and in
: ii : i; capital in
i: ? . .. i. h ould I?o . t aken
. that i- taken
-:....... banians institu
;.t ' .ii i.. 'a indC"
... t ? .i i - 1 inprove
? iti; .Iiis h it hould have
t -i.;. the owner of
. . f.ani
t??'?:: that v. ould l?c asked
. i tht .ten .-t ol i ho lit?nd
t i I'.uikiu^ :i f-ociation
..Iii be Riven them
i rc< ... t!u iiK-iuls
' . ? to give it % alue
? ! lie aus? > : tu this
i'lan . itliued result! as I
t* i to Low that it \< iU, new
? ivill. In inspired in every
? ? nil . ;it tin tlap, con
' l'Stot. . .iii?j >alcr. of lot.*
net I remunerative pri?
ll'! : !.?? compaii \ tt> pay
? i und held U\ I Ik banking
1 't ret us interest ii can
V; u li> referring to the
1 ? ? hel : by tin- company il
tin ) are worth, putting
t. 'ii cash |1 Ui.??O.
?. ai?> rouid sell or hypothc
'ritit 11? tin- amount t>t
??ld pay , ., . v dollar of inter
'' ? bankit y conipauv is formed
1 tin Improveinent Company
? 1 irities, and if it can
!- them it ? an pay interest.
' reason in the world why
11 Minuaf livideudu upon the
?' banking company should
'ind alter .Inly 1st', 1891.
??? >uggi ?ted that it would be
' of !!,,? banking institu
,lganix? : :,t tht- dap, into the
:Trust Company in or
' K commeuee with an estab
W I do not consider
1 ,! BUccesfl of the plan,
u h merger ii it could be
: UP?" * fair basis. Follow
W-Stion, 1 have talked the
*?h * numbt i of the stock
01 Jhe ?a,,k of hi;? Stone ?ap,
? vs'' "'1 an; bondhblders ?>f
/ >,,,?,, Improvenietot Cont
whom ] have conversed
, "? "??J?J b.v? ;,l! ;1!;to.,| ,1,?,
,. u ?r ti.?
. , ? ,j '1 1 ' lit premium, ac
f ' W u\ iiiBtock of the Bank
- I'rusi Company at par.
This would be fair as the hank has a re?
serve fund of undivided profits approxi?
mating $10,000, and a paid-up capital of
The plan wag approved, and it is likely
Mr. Scott will take additional stock.
There if a probability of the consolida?
tion of one or both of the banks now at
the Gap with the new institution.
The following have been chosen as di?
rectors of the Banking and Trust Com?
pany: Ionian, McGeorgc, Juo. K. Green,
of Louisville. Hallard Thruston, Avers,
and two other Virginians arc to be added.
I The signatures of the bondholders have
been generally secured. Mr. Clyde says:
"We are how doing what wo would have
done three year* afro had we had sufficient
Judge JatUCA A. Warder Kills His Son
in-r.uw and Seriously Wonnds Iii?
omj DKUghter.
Chattanooga, Jan 21.?A horrible trag?
edy occurred here Sunday about one
o'clock in tin: afternoon, the parties to
which are prominent, not only in this city
but enc of them .it least is well known
throughout the State. Some lime ago
the only daughter of Judge James A.. War?
der was married to Mr. S. M. Fugelte, who
has been cashier of t he South Chattanooga
Savings bank. The daughter, with her
husband, has made her home with Judge
The report is that Warder quarreled i
with his daughter, Mis. Fugcttc, and was
very abusive. She reported the matter to
her husband, Mr. Fugette, who remonstra?
ted with his father-in-law and some hot
words passed between them. It appears
from evidence produced at the coroner's)
inquest, that Judge Warder came home
Sunday in a very drunken condition, and
proceeded immediately lo Mrs. Fugctte's
room, armed with a pistol and began
shooting at his son-in-law. There were
cm ii shots fired, five by Judge Warder
and t wo by Mr. Fugctte.
It is said that Mis. Fugctte was the first
person shot. She was shot through the
right thigh and the wound is considered a
\ery dangerous one.
Judge Warder was shot in two places.
<>n< ball penetrating his breast at the
nipple and the other took off the index
linger of the right hand. He staggered to
a neighbor's house and is now there in a
precarious condition.
Mr. Fugette 1? 11 dead with a shot through
his heart. He was found with a newspa?
per in one hand and a pistol in the other,
two chambers of which had been emptied.
Mrs Fugcttc was lying over his prostrate
body with her arms entwining him, pitc
ously crying for sonic one to save him.
Tin most intense excitement prevails in
the vicinity of the Warder residence, on
College street, and throughout the city as
the new- of the shocking tragedy became
Judge Warder is a well known lawyer
and was very recently chosen city attorney
for Chattanooga. He is a native of Ken?
tucky and was an officer in a Kentucky
regiment during the war. Two years ago
last summer he was nominated by the
Tennessee Republicans as one of their
candidate- for supreme judge. Soon
att rwani- he removed to Chattanooga,
where he opened a law oilice with Hon. A.
II Pettibone as his partner, and has
resided lu re ever since. The affair is a
mos! unfortunate one and will take its
plac< as one ol the most horrible domes?
tic tragedies in the State of Tennessee.
Mrs. Fugcttc is unable to speak and
what took place in the room aside is not
known From evidence before the coro?
ner's jury il appears that Judge Warder
frequently would come home drunk and
abuse Iii- wife and daughter, and the
women would appeal for protection to Mr.
Fugctte. Such tioubleoccurred Saturday
night and Fugcttc quieted his father-in
Mr. and Mrs. Fugctte have been married
bul two years, have been living happily
together and have a live month's old baby.
Mr. Fugettc was a young man about thir- j
ly-three years of age, a popular, success- j
tul business man.
Mr- Fugctte is a very handsome woman.)
Judge Warder is one of the best known
lawyers in this State; for six years he was
United States district attorney for the
middle district of Tennessee, appointed
Im President Haves. He was a brave and
gallant union soldier and is one of the
most proininoiit Republican politicians in
tin State He owns considerable prop?
erty and has a large and lucrative prac?
tice in l his city. He is a man of highest
culture, most polished and affable man?
ners. His domestic affairs have always
been supposed to be the happiest.
Made From Chattanooga steel Itollci]
111 Sheet*.
Washington, Jan. 22.?Tin sauce pans,
pail*, buckets and other household arti?
cles made of tin, as well as square plates
of tin, covered the long table of the House
Committee on Ways and Means the last
days of the week.. Representative Nied
rii ghousc, of Missouri, was in the room
most of the time, and he explained to all i
inquirers the reason for llie changed ap?
pearance of the room. The tins are sam?
ples of those which are being turned out
daily at the works in St. Louis, and are
wholly of American make. The original
work was (hone in the steel mills of Chatt?
anooga and the tinning in St. Louis. The
plant has only been recently established
and is now turning out 300 cases of tin
plate a day. The ore comes from the
Hutch Islands and the price of the manu?
factured article is about the same as
when imported.
Appointment of Officials to T?ke Charge*
of the L. & NVs New Division.
l.oi isvji.i.E, Jan, 22.?It is understood that
S. S. Parker, Division Passenger Agent of the
Louisville & Nashville, will look after the
Kentucky Central passenger business after
February 1st. v
S. F. IL Morse, General Passenger Agent of
the Kentucky Central, and Charles lirown,
General Freight Agent of the same road, will
very likely make their headquarters at Lexing?
ton after February 1st, as the heads of the
Freight and Passenger Departments of the
Newport News & Mississippi Valley Company,
Kastern .division.
The gentlemen named have been for some
time at the head of the Freight and Passen?
ger Department of the Newport News &
Mississippi Valley Company, Eastern di?
vision, besides being at the head of
the Kentucky Central Freight and Passenger
Democrat* Demand Debate on the Cor
rectnes* of the Senate Journal anil
Defeat the Republican Scheme.
Washington, Jan. 22.?The Republican
Senators were greatly surprised this
morning when Gorman got the floor anil
moved to correct the journal and com?
menced to argue the motion. Comment?
ing upon the ruling of the Vice-President
the day before he said:
?* No one who had the slightest idea of
parliamentary law could have made such
a decision in the teeth of tin: rules
of the Senate and in violation of all
the laws that govern Legislative bodies;
no presiding officer, no matter who he
J may be, can take a Senator from the
j floor, when, by the rules, he ha.- the right
j to it. I do not believe that th" Senate
would allow the journal to stand which
declares a falsehood."
In some quarters there was at first
a disposition to condemn the Vice-Prcsi
dcnl for Iiis accidental slip of yesterday
in connection with the motion to take up
the closure resolution, for it was upon
recital of that matter in the journal that
the Democrats this morning based their
attack. Put as the day wore on it was
j made apparent that any other statement
of tact in the journal would have served
the purpose quite as well, although not
cloaking the main purpose in the same
Just how long the present state of af?
fairs will continue can hardly be conjec?
tured. If all customs regulating debate
are tobe observed there is nothing to pre?
vent the Democrats from talking from now
until the Ith of March upon the question
of approving the journal of Junuary 20th;
or if they should get tired of that subject
they may turn their attention to the ques?
tion of corrections of the journal of the
:21st of January or of some subsequent
day and discuss it to their hearts'content.
The ostensible hope of the Republican
managers lies in their expectation that it
they can succeed in preventing an ad?
journment that the Democratic orators, I
worn out with so much continuous talk,
will finally succumb, but of this there is I
little hope for the Democrats feel conti- j
dent of their ability, by skillful manage?
ment of lung power and use of relays of
Senators in rest anil duty, in talking away
and emerging in good condition at the
end of this congress.
The feeding is deepening on the Repub- j
lieau side of the chamber that there is j
but one key to the situation and that j
key is in the possession of the Vice-1
President. This means, in plain Eng?
lish, that to break the deadlock other?
wise than by an iguominous defeat
on tin1 closure resolution and election
bill, that the Vice-president must come
to the rescue of the majority by a
ruling which will destroy, in a measure,
as has indeed been the case with some
of the time-honored traditions of the
Senate as to the right of individual Sen?
ators as opposed (o the rights of the ma?
jority, even though it be based on a sound
construction of general parliamentary
la ws.
It is not possible now to predict what
form this ruling will take, supposing that
it is called forth and that the Vice-Presi?
dent is willing to undertake his part, but
it is conjectured that it may follow an ap?
peal to the presiding officer from the Re?
publican Senators to close the debate and \
bring the Senate face to face with the;
real question at issue, viz., the closure, on |
the ground that it is a matter of even j
higher privilege than that of the approval
of the journal, inasmuch as it concerns
the rules under which all legislative bodies j
must do business.
It Provides for the Sifting of Immi?
grants.?Will Prohibit only the
Vicious and Worthless.
Washington*, Jan. 22.?Representative
Owen, of Indiana, chairman of the com?
mittee on Immigration and Naturalization, |
presented this evening, under instructions j
from his committee, a bill for the riigula- I
tion of immigration, with a report based
on the testimony taken in the investiga- j
tion by a joint committee of the Senate
and House, covering the last ten months. :
The committee has taken a large amount
of testimony, some of which brings to light j
much information of value touching the j
immigration question.
The sittings of the committee were held
ill Washington, New York,boston,Chicago,
St. Louis, Cincinnati, Detroit, and on the
Pacific slope: but the report presented j
makes no reference to the investigation
concerning Chinese immigration, the j
chairman saying that a report on that sub- \
ject would be presented later. The prc
DOndcrancc of sentiment, as expressed by
those who were brought before the com?
mittee, is against any tadical change in
the present laws; but it is confessed that,
whatever the spirit of those laws may be,
their enforcement seems to have been im?
possible, ami the recommendations of the
committee are chiefly directed to this
point. The bill has the undivided support
of the House committee,and as its main fea?
tures having been submitted to members
of the Senate committee, there is but lit- j
tie doubt of its passage. An attempt will
be made to call it up within the next few
The bill contains most of the features
of the bill introduced by Mr. Owen at the
opening of the session, but has been re?
vised to some extent to meet the different
views of various members of the commit?
tee. It provides for the exclusion of all
idiots, insane persons, paupers or persons
likely to become a public charge, persons
suttering from loathsome or contageous
diseases, those who have been convicted
of felony or other iufamous crime or mis?
demeanor, involving moral turptitude, po
lygamists, and all persons whose tickets
of passage have been paid for by others,
unless it is affirmatively shown that they
do not belong to the excluded classes. It
also provides that in case of conviction for
the violation of the Alien Contract Labor
law, no compromise on the part of the
Government shall be made.
An important feature of the bill is
found in section 3, which provides that
any laborers coming to this country in
response to advertisements in foreign pa?
pers shall be treated as coming under a
contract, and in violation of the Alien
Contract law. This is the result of the
committee's investigation at Boston and
Chicago, where associations of contract?
ors and employers were endeavoring to
meet the force of a strike by advertising
for laborers in the newspapers of Europe
and Canada.
The printed testimony shows that much
evidence was taken concerning the solici
tut ion of immigration hv'sf cnmsljip and
transportation companies, and section 4
of the hill is drawn to prohibit the circu?
lation of any advertisement farther than
the statement of the time, schedules and
transportation facilities of various steam?
ship companies. The testimony taken
concerning the violation of the Alien
Contract Labor law shows that the offi?
cers of immigration met with many diffi?
culties in its enforcement. The ioopboic
pointed by several inspectors, and which
they claimed to be unab*c to remedy, is
the clause in the law allowing persons in
America tosend for their personal friends.
The officers say that immigrants coming
in violation of the law wc/e instructed in
its provisions, and, on the report that they
came in response to the solicitation of a
personal friend, they were illowcd to pass
and could not be detained.
The report of the committee calls at?
tention to the alleged effort of officers
and societies in European countries to de?
port their undesirable population, and ex?
tracts from papers published in Austria
show that these efforts lave been very
successful and that America has received
during the last few years a large number
of people that were not wanted in some
nt' the European countries. There have
also been cucrirctic efforts on the part of
immigration and transportation agents in
Europe to encourage immigration to
America. One of these combinations
alone sent I2,40fi emigrants to this coun?
try within a period of fourteen months.
The statistics presented to the commit?
tee and printed with their testimony show
that in New York, while the ratio uf
foreign population is only '!'?> per cent, 45
per cent of the insnucs, -1(5 per cent of
the inmates ot prisons, and .VI per cent of
those receiving support, arc foreign born.
Tin's ratio holds good in mrnv of the other
States of the Union, and in some is
even exceeded. The statistics also show)
that of the native population the in?
sane arc one in every 4%, while in the
foreign born it is one in every 101. Oi
those receiving support among the native j
population the ratio is one to even 0*1,while
among the foreign born it is one to every I
I HO. Among the inmates of prisons, of
the native born the ratio is one in every
(>S7, while of the foreign born it is one in
every 'ASA. This condition of affairs evi?
dently induced the committee to take
some action to correct it, and they have
provided that any alien who may become
a public charge within one year alter his
arrival in the United States, from causes
existing at the time of his landing, will
be returned to the country from whence
he came al the expense of the steamship
company which brought him here. Under
the present law such an immigrant can?
not be returned after he is once landed,
but, becoming helpless, is al once thrown
on the charity of the State where he may
be found.
The. bill also provides for the establish?
ment of air Immigration Bureau, and pro?
poses to place all emigration affairs under
federal control instead of as the present
law provides under the control of State
institutions through contract with the
Secretary of the Treasury.
"The intent of our immigration laws,"
the report says, "is not to restrict immi?
gration, but to sift it, to separate the de?
sirable from the undesirable immigrants,
and to permit only those to land on our
shore's who have certain physical and
moral qualities. The time is far in the
future when we will suffer from an over?
crowded population. The territory of the
United Slates will support seven times i
her present inhabitants."
The report also says that one or more j
of the political parties in twenty-three
of our States this year in their State
plat forms demanded addit ional regulations
of immigration; and the purpose of the
present bill, as stated by a member of the
committee, is not to restrict immigration,
!.nl to so amend the laws as to enable the
officers of the Government to enforce
The American National Rank of Kansas
City (loses Its Doors?Depositors j
Will be I":ii<l in Full.
Kansas Cm, M<?., Jan. 22?The Ameri- i
can National Hank of this city has sus?
pended. The bank had a capital of $1,250- j
000 and was a member of the Kansas City
Clearing House, and curried on a special j
department for bank and mercantile col?
lections. Its surplus was $500,000 and j
undivided profits 70,000. The national
bank examiner of this State' has taken i
charge of the affairs of the bank.
The bank had made a heavy loan, and j
was not aide to get enough money in to
meet the demands of the depositors. A
loan of one million dollars w as asked from '
the Clearing Bouse and was refused by
the committee, which was in session yes- j
terday and until four o'clock this morn?
ing. The depositors will probably not j
lose anything, as the stockholders are j
liable for twice the amount of the bank's |
capital. It has loans and discounts j
amounting to $3,000,000 and a surplus oft
over $300,000. The deposits amount to
about $2,000,000. The failure to open its i
doors tin's morning caused a run on the
Kansas City Safe Deposit and Savings
Hank in the same building, and the en?
trance to the building and streets sur?
rounding were crow tied by a great throng.
This bank has so far paid everybody, and
it is believed it will tide through the day.
A Committee Appointed to Suggest a]
Route tor the Danville Railroad.
Bkistol, dan. 22.?The cit/.ens of Smythc
county in mass-meeting assembled Mon?
day, passed resolutions calling the atten?
tion of the officials of the Danville & East
Tennessee to the route through the
famous iron region of Rye Valley, being
the southern Valley of Smythc county,
and appointed a committee of six distin?
guished citizens of the county to confer
with the officials of said road and point
out this route as the most practicable and
profitable for the Danville road. They
are a'so empowered to open negotiation
with the Danville road, looking to the
selection of this route for their main
line. The committc is Capt. C. D.Carter,
Capt. II. B. Hull, A. M. Dickcnson, Esq.,
Capt. II. C. Williams and Judge Geo. W.
-. o- .
Firm V? ho Used it for Advertising Pur?
poses Drought Into Court.
Cincinnati, Jan. 21.?The plaintiff in the
case of C. M. Bell, the Washington photogra?
pher, against Henderson, Achcrt & Krcbs, of
this city, filed an exhibit in the United States
Court this morning, to which is attached a pic?
ture of Mrs. Cleveland, the wife of the cx
President. Soon after Mrs. Cleveland's ad?
vent into Washington society she gave Bell
permission to photograph her. An agreement
was entered into under which Bell was to pre?
vent the use of the picture for advertising
purposes. He had the picture copyrighted,
but notwithstanding the defendants, it is al?
leged, lithographed it, thus infringing ou Mr.
Bell's rights. The suit is for $34,000 dam?
TemiPMce Has an Inauguration and a Dhu
plhiy of Flowers nnd Fine Ladies.
Nashville, Jan. 20.?Hon. John P.
Buchanan was yesterday inaugurated Gov?
ernor of Tennessee, the impressive cere?
monies oceuring in the hall of the House
of Representatives.
The inauguration was witnessed by an
immense audience, every available foot of
space on the floor and in the galleries be?
ing occupied. Many ladies graced the
occasion by their presence.
The hall was tastefully and profusely
decorated with flowers and bunting.
Choice musical selections were reu-1
dcred by the Theatre Vendome orchestra.
Thomas Buchanan, father of the Governor,
with Mrs. .lohn T. Buchanan, daughter
and two sous, other relatives and intimate
friends occupied scats on the right of the
speaker's desk. The Senators sat on the
left and the Representatives in front.
Gov. Taylor and Governor-elect Bu?
chanan entered the hall at 11 :.">."? and were
conducted to the speaker's stand.
At noon President Dismukes called the
assembly to order and the resolution pro?
viding for the convention was read.
Prayer was offered by Rev. M. Hewitt. D.
I)., after which Governor Taylor was in?
troduced and delivered a brief address, in
which he said among other things: "I am
here at this hour to surrender the highest
trust,which has twice been confided to me
by the voice of a sovereign people. The
sceptre is departed from my hand; the
crown of honor is lifted from my head,I have
no stately powerieft and hardly haircuough
to harbor hayseed. Never again will the
suppliant hinges of the knee be crooked
before me that pardon may follow plead?
ing; and no more will the appointment of
one of my fellow citizens to office bring
upon my head the maledictions of the
other ninety and nine. T have often
thought if 1 had power to construct a
State. 1 would make every human being
within its limits happy. Its Governor
should give every applicant the office of
his choice. Every supplicant should be
permitted to sup, every mother should
have her wayward boy from the prison
walls; every poor miserable wife should
have her condemned husband stripeless,
provided he would agree to be sober and
do right; every criminal child should
go to a reformatory school; every far?
mer should be a commissioner of agri?
culture; every aspiring statesman should
be a coal oil inspector; every military
genius should be a general; every corpo?
ration should be excused from back taxes;
every citizen should have a balance in
bank, and pumpkins should be receivable
for taxes."
Governor Taylor spoke briefly of his
administration, and said that he com?
mitted the work to his honorable sue-,
cessor, feeling that it was confided to hon-1
est hands. Loud applause followed the
remarks of the retiring Governor.
After music Governor Taylor introduced
Hon .lohn P. Buchanan, who then deliv?
ered his inaugural address. He was
frequently applauded, and at the close of
his address lie took the oath of office,
which was administered by Chief Justice
Tnrney, of the Supreme Court. The
booming of the cannon followed, and the
spectators dispersed.
Governor Buchanan began his address
by saying that he, as Governor, and the
General Assembly, as law-givers, were
but servants vested with the authority
only to express and execute within con?
stitutional limits, the will of the people.
It is the duty of each Representative, he
said, to give voice to needs and desires of
his constituency, ami all should harmo?
niously take counsel together for the
greatest good for the whole State. The
principles that form the basis of our
American theory of government are, he
said, that all men are equal before the law.
and that power and rule belong of right
to a majority. The first principle of civil
liberty recognizes the superior rights of
no individual and no class, and affirms
that there is no one who by inherent right
ought to rule. It therefore declares that
the people ought to rule in contradiction
to autocracy, aristocracy or plutocracy.
This system accomplishes more nearly
than any other yet tried by man. the main
object of all government, the good of those
governed. Yet this has fallen into grave
and serious errors: it has violated the
principle of the equality of all men be?
fore the law of undue protection of a
favored class. It has made dangerous
strides toward plutocracy by submission
to the power of aggregated money; it has
centralized power until it threatens de?
struction of popular government, and the
right of the States to local self-govern?
ment. It has by these errors fostered
monopoly until it has placed itself within
the merciless grasp of this relentless
tyrant. "One of the greatest wonders of
our American system," said Governor
Buchanan, "is that we have built up the
greatest nation on earth and left our self
government intact. This has been ac?
complished by allowing county, township
and city local government under the au?
thority of the sovereign States, and by
allowing the States local government
within constitutional limits under the
Federal Union. This is the germ of the
American system and most zealously
-hould it be guarded."
Referring to the laws of Tennessee
Governor Buchanan said that only such
laws as the State needs should be enacted.
As much harm may accrue from overbur?
dening a statute book with laws involving
distinctions without differences, he said,
as from lack of legislation. The Jefler
sonian non-interference theory ofGovern
meut is the wisest. Governor Buchanan
said, leaving people to be happy in their
own way without undertaking to do for
them what they can do better for them?
selves. The weakness of the State Gov?
ernment does not arise so much from the
inefficiency of the law as from the ineffi?
ciency of the execution of the law. To
enforce order, the execution of the law
should be firm, prompt and certain; its
protection of the life, liberty and safety
of citizens should be most securely gunr
an teed.
Speaking of the development of the ma?
terial resources of the State, Governor
Buchanan said that Tennessee's material
interests arc great and varied. Nature
has liberally endowed her with her best
gifts. "With provident eare she has
locked up almost inexhaustible supplies
of coal and marble and mineral wealth in
that great store house, the Eastern moun?
tains; she has girded the Western limits
by a great highway of commerce with its
low-lying, fertile valleys; she has grace*
fully fashioned in table laud and plain,
hill and dale, the undulating middle sec?
tion; she has enriched it by the arms of
navigable streams; she has given a cli
mute that possesses the invigorating cold
of the north tempered by the halmincss ol*
the South; she has planted in her bosom
stately forests of the most valuable woods;
she has bestowed a fertile soil adapted to
a great variety of products, and has made
it the home of the finest cattle aud horses
the world has ever seen."
The Governor paid a tribute to Andrew
Jackson and referred to the result of the
recent State elections. He then said:
"The scales of sectionalism arc falling
from the eyes that were Minded by preju?
dice and the grave questions of government
-are being weighed by an economic balance.
God grant that the spirit may pervade the
nation until we shall know no north, no
south, no east, no west, in national legis?
lation. Tennessee has emphasized her
adherence to her time honored principles
by casting a larger majority propor?
tionately than ever before in her history,
for both State and National representa?
tives of these principles.
New Vouk, Jan. 22.?The stock market
was extremely dull this morning. Press?
ure prevailed at the opening, and many of
the stocks went down. Chicago gas was the
feature of the early hours, and after
opening at per cent lower it fell to44jg.
From this it rallied to4o,,ij and again fell to
425/R, a net loss of b'l,; per cent since yes?
Rest of the market declined in sym?
pathy. At II o'clock prices were weak
all along the line.
At the close the market was dull at but
little change from yesterday.
.Money loaned easy at from 2 to 21.,
throughout the day.
Speaker Reed Will Obstruct It and the
President Will Veto It.
Wasiiixotox, Jan. 22.?The Post says
that time will develop that Speaker Reed,
both as a member of the Committee on
Rules and as the presiding officer of the
Mouse, will lose no opportunity to thwart
the silver men in their attempts to get the
Silver Hill before that body. The ma?
jority of the committee w ill stand by him,
and unless the silver men arc strong
enough to take the matter out of the
hands of the committee, it will get no
show in the present Congress. Should
the bill pass the House, the Host feels
justified in saying that it will meet with
an emphatic veto by the President, giving
his reasons why such financial legislation
does not meet his approval. While the
President is strongly in favor of the pass?
age of the elections bill, and may have
received a direct promise froln the advo?
cates of the Free Coinage Hill that they
will pass the former if the latter cau be?
come a law, he can not by that method be
brought to sign the Free Coinage Hill.
John L. Sullivan Vet Figuratively in the
CutCAOO, Ii.t,., Jan. 22.?lohn L. Suiti?
van says that Wakelv and Lynch have
laid before him, presumably for New Or?
leans friends of Slavin, a proposal to
fight the Australian for .$10,000. Sulli?
van's reply is: " I will give Slavin $2,500
or $5,000 if he will show that he can
stand before me for six rounds with five
ounce gloves. This as soon as my pres?
ent engagement will permit."
" Facts about this business." said Sul?
livan, " are that w hile I have fairly dem?
onstrated that I am the champion of the
world and all that sort of thing, there arc
yet three men who call themselves cham?
pions. They are Jim Corbett, Slavin, the
Australian, and Jake Kilrain. Now I
want these men to decide in this way
among themselves which one of them is
the champion. By that time I will be
through with my present engagement and
I will meet the winner in a glove contest.
1 do not want any more list fights, because
they have been declared illegal, and there
is no use in running up against the law.
A glove fight will settle the question.
Genera. Miles Reports the End of the In?
dian Troubles?All Arms Given Up.
Washington, 1). (.'., Jan. 20.?Dispatches
were received to-night by General Sehu
lield from General Miles announcing the
end of the Indian troubles in the West.
General Miles says: The entire camp of
Indians came into the agency this morn?
ing. They moved in three columns while
passing under guns of the command.
General Miles thinks it fair to estimate
the number at uot less than 4,000 people.
He says that lie has directed the chiefs to
have the different bands gather up their
arms and turn them in, which they arc
now doing.
It Kills Mae Sizer, the Man Who Lur?
ries It.
IIauropsbtb?, Kv., Jan. 21.?About I'M
o'clock this morning Steve Harden anil Mac
Sizer, two of the most popular young business
men of this city, were returning from an en?
tertainment in the county. They stopped just
at the edge of town to speak to some one along
the road ami, as Mr. Sixer leaned forward, a
pistol, either in his overcoat pocket or about
his clothing, fell out and, striking the bot?
tom of the buggy, went off and with mullled
Sizer gave a little groan and leaned over
oh Harden, who thought he was playing a trick
on him.
Harden drove on to the livery stable, when
he was horrified to find his friend covered with
blood and dead. Voting Sizer was at once
taken to the nearest doctor, btit life was ex*
tinct. Sizer was very* popular in society.
His brother fell before a tire engine a feir rcara
ago and sustained injuries from which he
shortly died.
Virginia Meat Law Unconstitutional.
VI'AsiuMiTo.v, Jan. 22.?The statutes of Virginia
j make it an offense to offer fur sale fresh meat shiugh
I torcd mere than 100 miles troia the placo of *ale,uuleas
i first Inspected,j;ro\ Won for which is made on petition
of not less timn twenty persons. The compensation
to theInspector to be one cent a pound. It was con*
tended that this law was an Interference with inter
utate commerce, ami therefore uucomniuitional and
void. Tlte Supreme Court, in the opinion expressed
by Justice Harlan, sustains this contention and at
llrms the decision of the lower court.
The Alabama Strike Ended.
11:kmim,'.j.\m. Ala., Jau. 15.?Four thousand miner*
at the Pratt mine and the Walker mines hau: decided
to return to work. Eight hundred miners vent to
work at Carbon Hill to-day. This ends th? ttrikr.
The men came hack on the old terms.
Five Hundred Thousand Acren of West
Virginia Land In Controversy and
the Romance of General
Swann's Life.
I'AUKnHSBt iu;, W. Va., Jan. 21.?Ouc of
the most important and romantic cases
ever brought before the United States Cir?
cuit Court of this district came up before
United States Judge J.J.Jackson last
week. It was a motion for the appoint?
ment of a new Trustee in the celebrated
case of Dumas agt. Due de Monseignon et
al., Tocontre agt. Randall et al. and Ran?
dall ngt. Dressler et al. The new trustee
is John U. Reed, United States District
Attorney of the western district of Penn?
sylvania. He is authorized to sell all the
interest, legal and equitable, in 500,000
acres of land in West Virginia, formerly
belonging to General James Swann.
The romantic story of General Swann
as brought out through .the old French
letters, manuscripts and documents found
among the old court archives and used in
evidence, reads more like a page out of a
fable than a practical experience of act?
ual life. When the war of the Revolu?
tion began it found James Swann, the
hero of the story, u merchant at Boston,
.Mass. Swann was young, patriotic and
volatile. He enlisted in the American
army among the first, and by his brave
actions in the field, his ability as a sol?
dier and his unflinching patriotism he at?
tracted the attention of Washington and
Lafayette. By them he was raised to the
command of a company, and still later on
was given a commission as Colonel, and
the end of the war found him with a Ma?
jor-General's commission. After the war
the country became impoverished and suf?
fered from the great expenses it had in?
curred in its conflict with Great Britain.
Swann's patriotism caused him to give
his whole fortune to his country to assist
in relieving it from its poverty, and he
himself in the course of a few years be?
came poor and needy. Virginia, whose
adopted son General Swann was, learned
of the sad condition of her favorite, and
on June 3, 1795; the House of Burgesses
granted him a great scope of land in what
is now Kentucky, West Virginia and
southwest Virginia. This great tract con?
sisted of something like 2,5(10,001) acres of
territory, covering many miles of hills
and valleys, mountains and plains, inter?
spersed with hundreds ot creeks, rivers
and streams. The country then was in
its primitive condition, the woods filled
with game, the creeks and other streams
alive with fish of all kinds.
Gen. Swann, after acquainting himself
with the wealth and beauty of his vast
possessions, became enamored of the idea
of forming a Utopia in the wilderness.
He thought of his many friends in the
French allied army, and determined to go
to Fan's and lay his plans before them.
He had scarcely conceived his grand
scheme before he began to put it into op?
eration. He soon embarked for France,
arriving at Paris after a long voyage and
travel. Swann was received with open
arms by his old French comrades, who in?
troduced him at court. Entranced with
the extravagances of the French court,
Swann entered into its dissipations and
spent many weeks in its enjoyment. He
found no difficulty in inducing many of
the leading nobles, but unfortunately it
was about this time when Napoleon en?
tered Paris from the East as first consul.and
his unconquerable ambition threw Paris
and France into confusion.
Money matters became stringent, and
Swann, having spent all he had received
and borrowed, amounting, it is said, to
1,000,000 francs, became hard pushed by
his creditors. It was impossible to raise
money anywhere, and the creditors de?
manded either money or mortgages on the
American possessions. Resolutely,however
Swann refused the latter. Finally he was
arrested and put in prison, where, in ac?
cord with the then prevailing law of
France, his creditors kept him. His quar?
ters were magnificently upholstered and
beautified, and his cuisine was furnished
as required by law, from the best restau?
rants in the city. In fact, he lived as he
lived before his incarceration, like a prince
of the realm. He had everthing but
liberty. His mi-tress a well-known court
beauty of the day, visted him everyday.
For ten years Swann was confined in
St. Pelege. He was liberated during the
historical "lltree days," when all of the
prison doors of Paris were thrown open.
When he got upon the streets he made in?
quiry for first one an then another of his
old friends and acquaintances, but could
not find one. Kvery one of them had
either been killed or banished, and not a
man remained to lend him sympathy or
help. Broken-hearted Swann wandered
the streets of Paris for several days, falling
dead, it is said, with a broken heart.
When Swann's death became known in
Virginia the Legislature appointed John
Peters Dumas, of Philadelphia, trustee for
the French heirs. Monsieur Dumas died
in 1883, leaving the estate over $800,000
in debt. During Dumas's life the French
heirs employed .Limes Randall, father of
Samuel ,1. Randall, of Philadelphia, Pa.,
as their attorney. The estate had mean?
while been forfeited to the State.of Vir
ginia for non-payment of taxes, hut the
old State, through her love for the mem?
ory of their favorite, reconvened it. The
French creditors then petitioned tor the
appointment of Josiith Handallas trustee,
and he was appointed in 1885. Mr. Ran?
dall died about the time ot the close of
the late war and everything was in con?
fusion. The estate during the war was
the field of many battles and wan con?
stantly overrun by one army or another.
After the war an army of squatters settled
itpou it, causing the trustees to bring
many suits of ejectment. This dangerous
work cost many lives, it is said, as many
officers sent out to eject the squatters
never returned.
In 18?<i Robert Randall, brother of
Samuel J. Randall, was appointed trustee.
He borrowed large sums of money to dis
cumber the estate, but owing to the fact
that he himself was a confirmed invalid,
very little was done. Suits were now be?
gun against the estate by the heirs and
creditors to the amount of nearly $2,000,
000: The Court appointed E. L. ?ntterick
in I8G6 to ascertain the condition of tho
estate and to report the amount of terri?
tory covered by claims of squatters, the
amount forfeited, for non-payment of tax
es, und the amount of land free from anj
embarrassment. The trustee was given
power to borrow money sufficient to dis?
charge, all liens and taxes and settle with
squatters, and to arrange the whole es?
tate with a view of its final disposition.
Mr. Butterick made his report last June,
when John K. Heed was appointed tempo?
rary trustee, which appointment was con?
firmed last week. The story is one of
great interest, and the final settlement,
which now seem probable at an early date,
will close one of the most interesting and
important land matters ever before any
United States Court.
The Old Folk's Party.
Owli)- to the fart that the floors o{ the Exposition
lvulldlu# are not null? dry, the Old Folk's Party will
be held to-morrow evening at the liapti.it Church at 8

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