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The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, January 23, 1891, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87060150/1891-01-23/ed-1/seq-2/

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The Big Stoke Post.
Stttercd tt the paat ofBc? st UlfStoat Gap, V*.,
?? ?fOOBtS^elMO matter, No*. Htb, 1CTO._
LKABIXG PAPER OF SOUTHWEST TA.
rcn.'snxD wibkly ?? th*
BIG STONE POST PUBLISHING CO.
O. C. 8EAR3 prmi0ent._
Tints o? Jrucwrno.T:
Om Yaar,.g-J?
Ms Months,. *-?
Ffirraem strictly In advance.
ADTSftTIKKO P.ATSa:
' Display adrertiwownts per Inch, for,s*ih tDitrtlon.
SO cects.
Lecal notice*, obituaries, etc., 10 cents per line ?ach
kmrtloa.
Discount allowed for on* colua-.n or more. .
Friday, January 23, 1891.
Tho Force Bill Again.
Every man who vote? for the Force Bill
should be pilloried in public scorn. It
not only subvert? the principle of local
government?the principle for which our
revolutionary father? fought?but it pre
cipitate? race dissensions and bloodshed.
Here at "one fell swoop" a scuttle ship
crew of red-mouthed radicals propose to
overthrow what Washington and his hun?
gry soldiers fought for and won. The
sacrifices nnd Suffering and perils of seven
year?, go for naught if the Federal Gov?
ernment i? to bear the f ame relation to
the State? that the Ministry and Parlia?
ment of King George bore to the col?
onies.
The bill is an expensive and dangerous
fraud. It is an imposition upon the tax?
payer and an outrage upon the negro.
Under it every election will cost from five
to fifteen million? of dollars?a small
Bum, the Radicals vainly think, to pay for
perpetual power?and the lives of many ne?
groes, but Republicans will find it as costly
to their party as the alien and sedition
laws were to the old Federalists. Pass
it and the doom of the Republican party
is sealed. The people won't stand it. They
have seen the constitution of their
father? twisted and amended over and
over to gratify a maudlin, sentimental
sympathy for the negro, but thev will not
submit to a subversion of the funda?
mental principle of free government to
glut the malice of hyocrites like Hoar or
malignant? like Edmunds.
The infamy can not be too severely con?
demned. It is a despotic relic of a past
age revived at the close of the nineteenth
century. It is a step backward toward
the darkness and oppression of the middle
ages. It i? as unsuited to modern conditions
as the Star Chamber of Charles 1, or tho
petty tyrannies of .Tames.
Besides it has not the merit of sincerity
among its authors. They know it will in?
jure and not help the negro. We may re?
spect the genuine joy of a fanatic in an
act of atrocity shedding a mournful radi?
ance upon deeds of infamy, but the whin?
ing hypocrite who perpetrates the deed
without the redeeming virtue of sincerity,
is a just object of hatred and execration.
There is no truth in these howling der?
vishes of the Senate or the prating priests
of the Lower House. They merely seek to
perpetuate their power though they know
it will cost the blood of the victims they
pretend they would shield. The bill is ,
almost without, a parallel in the annals ofj
political atrocity.
Mlsrepresentative from the South.
Hon. W. C. P. Breckcnridge, in his ad?
dress the other day to the Harvard stu?
dents, referring to the next Congress,
said:
When wo do meet we are going to tender to that Ho
publican Senate n tariff bill. It is going to be framed
on the idea of .bringing into this country free raw
material. The ltthoring men of America ought to have
thclr materials free ol tax. We have gone on step by
utt-p. After the Morrison r>ill came President Cleve?
land's message and after that the Mill* Bill.
Now, in the ?2d Congress things are going in that
same way; that Democratic House will tender to that
Republican Senate n bill allowing free raw material
ami will put up??n the S.-nate the onus of refusing that
measure. Then in November, we will go before the
people on that issue, and l*?ave everything aside until
we settle the quest loos of tr.rill' and taxation.
Yes, you are fixing up a plan to get the
Democratic party badly beaten again.
Cleveland's message and the Mills Bill were
condemned with sufficient emphasis to
teach the Democratic leaders some sense.
If, as Brcckinridge claims, the last elec?
tion turned solely on the McKinley Bill,
that result by no means proves that the
people would not again condemn the Mills
Bill. It simply shows, if it* shows any?
thing, that the masses will have neither
extreme. But a blind man should know
that the Force Bill had as much to do with
the result of the last election as the
McKinley Bill. McKinley indeed was the
only Republican who reduced the Demo?
cratic majority in his district, except the
protectionist who run against free trader
David A. Wells.
That the manufacturers of New Ens
land want free raw material we admit.
Otherwise they must move their plants
South; but why a Southern representative
should wish to aid them in securing such
legislation, we cannot see. New England
has established her enormous plants, has
grown rich under a protective tariff; but
now that it is clear the South can
manufacture the same articles cheaper
and is attracting Xew England capital,
our own alleged representatives are trying
to relieve that section from this competi?
tion nnd would abolish the protective
tariff just as wc begin to get some of the
benefits of it. Let such skyscrapers as
Breckinridgc and Blackburn shape ourc
legislation and every industry in the South,
every factory, every railroad and even
town lot will be depreciated from r2."> to 50
per cent within twelve months. New
England would rather now compete with
the pauper labor of Europe than with the
cheap raw material of the South. Her
factories are near the seaboard and
freights from Europe to this country, in
ships which now have to return almost
empty, will be a mere song. Spanish
ores, produced by miners who receive onlv
forty cents per day, can be delivered in
Boston at a trifle over the cost of mining.
So with many of the products of Germany.
New England therefore, after reaping all
the benefits of protection for an hundred
yc*rs,would prefer fr?c trade and European
competition to continued protection and
Southern competition. And, with shame
be it said, our own representatives in
Congress pander to this mean and selfish
spirit and seek to make it triumphant at
the eo$t of Southern prosperity, just as
tbc SoutfcSHi peoplo are rising from tbe
T ii i ,i Mm ii ii i . .ii
?*???,:..?.?:? .?? ?. ? ? J
dependence and poverty reuniting from
the war.
Look at the industrial movement in the
South. What aid: has it gotten from
Southern politicians? Thoy hare dis?
couraged it; they have throw n every obsta?
cle in its way; they have denounced
its projectors as swindlers, and its man?
ufacturers as robbers; but the movement
has gone on in spite of them. Now, as a
last resort, they go to New England and
call upon her to help crush the infant
giant. They can not destroy it alone, but
begin to fear it will destroy them. They,
therefore, make friend* with their old en?
emies; and their old enemies are quite
willing to use them to crush Southern
competition. "A grandson of William
Lloyd Garrison invited me here," proudly
exclaims Nrcekinridgc to the Harvard
students, apparently unconscious of the
use " the grandson of William Lloyd Gar- j
rison " w ishes to make of him. Here, in?
deed, is a strange coalition, a new con?
spiracy against Sothern prosperity?the
rieh puritans of New England and the
empty pocket but loud-mouthed blather?
skites of the South."
Now the South must either submit to
be sacrificed or she must be aroused to a
sense of her danger and adopt the neces?
sary means to protect herself from ruin.
As long as we send represeiitatives to
Congress who are hostile to our interests,
and who are so open and brazen in their
hostility that they do not even attempt to
j conceal it, we but invite destruction and
we will deserve it.
The Democrats who stand on the plat?
form of Jefferson, Madison, Jackson and
Randall, are quite as sound and trust?
worthy as the Democrats who stand on j
the platform of Cleveland and Mills; and j
there are more of the former in the Smith
than people suppose. Many of them have ;
been driven to the ranks of the Republi?
cans, it is true, by the proscriptivc and
blackguard policy of the new school, but
these would again rally to the standard
of the old party, and reassert the faith of
the fathers. We need organization and
courage. We need n leader to step in the
shoes of the lamented Randall and ext.ose
the false pretenses and the spurious plati?
tudes of the quack (dement who have sub?
verted the original doctrines of the party to
their selfish aims,degrading it into a mere
agency anil tool id" the Cobdcn Club, and
alienating from it the confidence and af?
fection of the laboring classes as well as
of the larger business elements from one
j end of the country to the other.
-. .
jsome Effects of the Silver Agita?
tion.
As an illustration of the dread business
men and banks have of the financial theo?
ries of the Democratic leaders, we call at?
tention to the following statement made
by Mr. Hewjitt when the Democracy came
partially into power by the election of"
Glevcland:
?*I have reason to know win n the present adminis?
tration came Ir?!?? power its first and chief--I concern
was to avoul the danger which had Wen predicted by
the Republican secretary in his official statement and
in hi- private (ojnmunications. Tier amount of gold in
the ir.-ns'iry on the 4th <.f March,18S5, was $ 120,000,0 -o.
Tills was a much smaller stun than hail usually been
held in the treasury in gold since the resumption of
specie payment. It was steadily running down. The
public confidence was gone. The hoarding of gold had
begirt?not by the .mass jof the people, uol in stock?
ings, not in secret hiding place?, hut by the masters
of finance, the men whose business it is to handle
millions and to prevent deterioration; they began to
1-u.k for the hour of danger and the collapse which they
thought wa^ impending.
"i know three of the <*reate>t institutions in the city
of New York?1 shall not name them lest it might
possibly bringdown upon them the condemnation ol
tho->e wiio are prejudiced Against hanks?but I know
three institutions in the city of New York which had
accumulated more than $25,000,000of gold as a prepa- j
ration fur the collapse they thought was coming."
Horace White, of New York, made the
! following statement:
"A sort of panic ensued in the money market, and
it came to my knowledge that Governor Tilden wob
one of a considerable number of persons who, without
any concert of action, bad bought larc amounts of
sterling exchange in order to protect themselves
against loss in case silver should become our moneta- I
ry standard. Sterling exchange means gold in Lon?
don. Why was Governor Tilden buying sterling ex- J
change! Because, happening to have on hand a cer-j
tain namber of dollars worth loo cents each in cold,
and apprehending that if left in haul; they would
presently lie worth oitly S?> or SO. or perhaps 7"> cents
each, lie touk the precaution to insure that they should
continue to lie worth 10(1 cent-. He had only to v. rite
a few line* i?. his banker to insure this result.
Fortunately Mr. Cleveland was opposed
to the free and unlimited coinage of silver,,
and his position on Hie subject, if he still '
maintains it, entitles him to the highest
praise. There is no doubt the banker" and
business men arc now alarmed at the
prospect and are hoarding gold or buying
sterling exchange. The mere apprchon-j
sion that the Silver Rill may become a
law is sufficient to drive gold out of cir?
culation; and unless the matter i.; settled j
in favor of honest money, we shall have
another period of panic. The selfish, I
scheming mine owners of the West and j
the demagogues of all sections seem de- j
tcrmincd to disturb public confidence and
check public prosperity if they possibly
can. I
The Council's Action.
The council has taken a broad and in- j
telligcnt view of the sanitary question, j
It proposes to adopt immediate steps for
draining the ponds in all parts of the city
And to remove the dams of the two mills j
which have resulted in a vast nccumula- 1
tion of tilth that has been rotting in them
for years. If these dams are removed for
two month the poisonous mud they have
banked up would be washed away and
they might then be constructed without
immediate or serious danger to the citv's
health.
They are now, however, the reservoirs
of poison which is diffused through the
dir during the summer and which, aided
by the stagnant ponds, are sufficient to
convert one of the healthiest resorts in
the country to the most unhealthy.
It is proposed to communicate with the
owners of these dams and notify them that
they must be removed, for a length of
time at least; and if they arc not removed,
the city will condemn them as nuisances
and blow them up.
This proposition of the council comes
straight from the shoulder and it means
business. The idea that two dams for
the accumulation of all forms of refuse
and filth be allowed to remain within
the city limits and in the closest prox?
imity to the most densely populated
district, is an absurdity, and the council
seems determined that such nuisances
shall bo abated at once. At beat they af?
ford little or do profit to the owoers; and
if they tvere forty fold move mi;;;:' .:
should not remain to breed disease am
death and damage all the property as well
as destroy the health of an entire Commu?
nity.
The spirit which the council manifests
in the matter deserves the highest praise,
and affords an assurance that it is a pro?
gressive and practical body that appreci?
ates the importance of proper sanitary
regulations and is determined to enforce
them.
Dn. RAirsorn, of the Louisville City Hos?
pital, says "that a hundred or more sick
men from Middlcsborough have .sought refuge
in the Louisville hospital." The city council
of .Middlcshorough should imitate the exam?
ple of the city council of Big Stone Gap and
adopt sanitary laws. Any city will become
unhealthy, if the.se laws nre neglected. But,
[judging from the wise action of our cr'y
council at its last meeting, there is no reason
to fear a single case of fever or other disease
due to lack of drainage, in Big Stone (Jap
during the summer. It will be as healthy as
Saratoga or Asheville.
''Mu. President? I wiy thai laws ran fi\ and regu?
late the price of gold and {-liver."?[Senator C *kn 1!
in the Senate.
Laws can no more fix the price of gold and
silver than they can fix the price of whoa! and
corn. Congress had the same power during
the war that it has now, yet it found out how
impossible it was to fix the price of gold and
silver. The Confederate Congress found it
likewise impossible. Congress may change
the price of gold and silver by legislation, but
it can not fix it at any figure, and no one but a
fanatic or a fool will maintain such n proposi?
tion.
Would it not be well for the Kentucky
statesmen to devote themselves to I he 2i>0,
000 illiterates in Kentucky, ninny of whom
never heard the name of Christ, instead of
??educating" the students at Harvard on
the tariff issue? The fact is the New
England manufacturers arc making tools
lot'the Kentucky statesmen and the Ken?
tucky statesmen haven't the sense to see
it.
MESSRS. Gorman and Barbour could ren?
der great service to the Democratic party by
assuming the leadership of it, and boldly ex
j posing the folly of their colleagues both on
? the silver bill and on the tarifl'. They have
J sound views on both these subjects, and if they
j would only assert them, they might save the
j party from repeated disaster.
Senator Stewart, a Republican from Ne?
vada and the owner of a dozen silver mines,
seems tobe the new leader of the Democratic
y??-/L
? Airy Tongues. ' /
j The owner of " Whiskers," a lady's terrier,
has been urging mc to write something about
j him. Every time the pet has an attack of
[bronchitis or rheumatism, or puts out his
j tongue to learn if it has a healthy color, its
? owner says Airy Tongues should say sornc
; thing about it. Well, this lady has been told
time and again tiint "Whiskers" is not
j pretty; that it is not useful, and that no one
has yet been able to ascertain why "Whisk?
ers" should bo allowed to exist. But the
creature lives nevertheless, nnd a few days
ago his owner had him washed, dried, tied a
? piece of pink ribbon around hi? neck, parted
! his hair in the middle, and, starting for the
i .
i photographers, requested a representative of
j the Post to make announcement of Ihc fact in
("the paper." The photographer looked at
" Whiskers" and then at his machine.
"Madam," said he after some hesitation,
" I fear the consequences of hiking that dog's
picture."
"Why," asked the lady, " it won't hurt the
dear little thing, will it'.'"
"No, Madam," replied the r. r t i -1, bowing
respectfully, "but it may break my ma?
chine."
" How horrid, for you to say such ft thing!"
exclaimed tho lady, and she threw such fiery
darti from her beautiful blue eyes, " all tilled
with the helpless wrath of tears," that the
photographer determined to risk his en?
tire establishment to pacify and please the
lady.
But no sooner did he get a focus on the dog
than,hang! the machine was smashed, and the
photographer, who engineered it. fell prostrate
! from the shock.
When the photographer recovered he said
that his camera had stood many a test; it had
I been worked without injury on a baby; it had
(withstood the strain of a certain lawyer:
! it had even been tried ou Jeff Dillon and tlcnry
I Robinett, but that Scotch dud.' of a dog had
! at last smashed it.
j * r:
j The Louisville Commercial points out in its
? owji rude way an error which appeared in :i;i=
i column applying Shakespeare's description of
j "lean and hungry look" to Antony instead of
to Cassius. The Commercial is right, though
Plutarch describes Antony also a-, being
\ spare. It was an error which resulted from
i haste in writing, and I deserve a rebuke for
j carelessness: but what surprises me. is that the
Commercial discovered it. A paper that is
j constantly filled with errors of its own and
i whose critical column scorns edited by a coal
cartdriver, is not expected to discover
literary errors. 1 am glad to learn, however,
that one of its staff got a dead-head ticket to
| Booth k Barrett's performance, and has ca
j pacity to remember a sentence or two of what
i he heard. DuPont must have bought the
smart Alck with the IbiiK primer true with
i which thnl rural journal is now print' '..
* *
! Senator Faulkner, who has been speaking
! "against time " in the Senate in order to de?
feat the Force Bill, is a clever fellow about
forty-five years of age and is very popular.
He attended the law class at the University of
j Virginia in 'CG and 'o7, was not very studious,
: but naturally bright and had the oratorical
! gift. He fell in love with a Charlottsv?le lady
i and married a few months after leaving the
University, and they now have a happy family.
Faulkner was "one of the boys!'at school,
j He was generous to a fault, ardent, suscepti
j ble, and at one time was desperately in love
i with a Lynchburg lady, the daughter of an ex
Speaker of the House of Representatives and
a brilliant girl. But he had an almost Turk?
ish fondness for both ladies and tobacco, and
he was out and in love in quick succession,
tippling a little upon every change that oc?
curred iu his heart affairs. But he is a sedate
Senator now, a very hard worker and useful
representative of his State, and all his boyish
indiscretions should be forgiven and for?
gotten.
And this reminds me of what I most dislike
in a large class of Louisville people, including
quite a number of Louisville journalists. They
are toadies?not toadies by instinct, but toad?
ies by election. Some years ago Henry Wat
terson attempted to quote the Lord's prayer
in one of his effusive, insincere and sentimental
editorials and got it all mixed, not by the slip
of the pen or thoughtlessness and haste in
composition, but because he was not suffic?
iently familiar with the subject. Yet not an
owl stretched his neck, not an ass lifted his
heel; and even the ciorgy, who must have first
detected the glaring error, snickered in secret
only, and a few years afterwards several offered
up public prayers for the health and long life of |
one whose moral influence was so valuable to
tl>a Community, particularly about 2 o'clock ft.
m? ahj -Ii.'.hc pa-.- - virtue*, wl^rt him
worthjrof inrita'tion! Ike hypocrites diu not
seem to know that even the newsboys am! boot?
blacks were laughing at them: or, if they did,
they expected conrpen^fioh in seeing their
sermons in print.
c- &
But better things should be expected from
! the journalists in spite nf the temptation they
hare " to get on the Courier-Journal," and
become uhdelitigs and slaves, allowed neither
freedom of thought nor independence of ac?
tion. Home hare-even degraded themselves
so far as to sacrifice their personal friend?
ships to the hatreds of their patron*1, present
or prospective, and to become the miserable
instruments of their meanness and malice.
Rut let the Courier-Journal collapse, and those
whose faults have been covered by a fawning
community and whose elevation, both social
and political, depends upon the one prop, and
how bitter and loud will be the adjectives of
detraction and scorn from those who now .seek
it- faror.more than* that of heaven. But it's
human nature. " 'Tis just the fashion."
LIT ERA RY.
Recently while hi Bristol, not Coventry,
waiting for the train, we rummaged in a
book store and get a volume of "Morley's
English Men of Letter.-." which we had
missed when the work was current. It
was a sketch of Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Tin; volume give- a fair summary of that
sad and phenomenal life. It adds nothing
to our previous knowledge of its sifted and
unhappy subject, but it has the great
j merit of eliminating from the thumb-worn
land tearful story nearly all the miserable
and disgusting controversy that has so
wearied the readers of previous memoirs
of Shelley.
It detracts but little from the value
of the book to say that it contains
tio newly discovered facts. Shelley's life
was singulraly transparent. Its virtues
were as pronounced, and as little to be ig?
nored, as sunlight: its faults were defiantly
Haunted in the face of the public; object?
ively considered, therefore, it admitted of
but few problems. Confessedly, with the
exception of the causes of his separation
from his first wife, the public have been in
possession of all t he important points of his
career forfiftyyears The poet's family and
descendants have announced that there
remain still unpublished documents that
will clear hir memory of blame in the
matter just referred to. We arc not of
j those, however, who anticipate that any
fresh disclosures will ever be make that
I will materially affect the judgment of im?
partial men on 'lie character and deeds of
unhappy Shelley. The evidence, we think,
on which that judgment must be made up,
is substantially all in, and a fair epitome
ofit is presented, in an entertaining form, j
in this volume. Such are the merits of
the book.
No poel lias yet been happier than Shel?
ley in respeel to the stage of the general
movement at which he was born: nor
mure unhappy in respect to the special
age and circumstances in which his lot
was cast. The !irst of these propositions,
is proved by the magnificent sweep and
variety of his powers, his exquisite deli?
cacy, his unrivalled ideality. "The
Cenci " is generally admitted to be the
greatest drama since Shakespeare; yet it
was uot produced: until the dramatic age
I of our civilization had been gone by two
hundred year-. What could not the man
have done i;i this line if he had lived in
the dramatic age? His lyrics, taking
into account their number and variety,
are the most spiendid that have yet been
i w ritten. " The Revolt of islam," while
'not distinctively epic in its present form,
may be taken as an indication of what its
author could have accomplished in the
epic age. The second proposition is
proved by the absence of any single great
and inspiring theme in Shelley's poems,
and also by the lamentable tacts of his
biography. Milton, born almost two ii*ti.
drcd years carlii r, had expressed the fear
that he had hce'o "born in an age too
late." In Shelley's case the evil was
vastly aggravated, because, not only had
there been a great consumption of poetic
inspiration and material between Milton's
day and his, but, what was infinitely
worse, he was born in at. age when the
movement of our race had begun to fret
against the walls of restraint and au?
thority that enclosed ii. In sue Ii an age,
the poet, obeying of necessity the impulse
I of the movement of the race, in which he
literally moves .and has hi.-; being, finds
himself bruised and broken against bar?
riers between which, at an earlier age. he
would have been borne without collision
and in triumph. Bui in all the history of
literature there is not another so conspic
uous and melancholy instance of a poet
wrecked and crushed between society on
the one side and the impulse of his own
inspiration on the other, as poor Sh el lev
aflbrds.
If is useless to attempt any defense of
1 Shelley's mad warfare against society.
None can be mad.:. The mistakes which
the man made herewith the best possible
|. intentions, we're absolutely shocking;
and the worst of it is. that they were due
not simply to lack of understanding, but
to lack of insight. A man controlled by
the dictates of the understanding would j
have been kept from them by considera?
tions of policy; a man of deeper and ad?
equate insight would have perceived that
nature never sloughs an existing form of
society or relation until sin- is ready to
replace ii with it higher ami purer form.
If. therefore, Shelley had been able to
pierce through it- integuments, to the
heart of the universal movement, whereof
the movement of the race is a part, he
would have seen that,while the new is J
ever growing beneath the old. the old i^
the shield and protection of the now; and
while he must, by the law of !:i< being,
still have been the servant of the new. he
would have served it in wisdom, in tran
quility and in victory, instead of a wild
carnival of half French and half demo
niac iconoclasm. We write this, admit?
ting'what we have long been convinced
of, that Shelley*;"" powers and inspiration
were the grandest that have been wit-:
nesscd since Milton and Shakespeare.
Mm he must have been more than human,
if. living when he did. in the wild tur?
moil of riot, passion, impatience and rev?
olutionary frenzy?in an age wherein Xa-'
poleon Bonaparte was possible?he had
struck to the proper depth in the nature
of things, and blessed the world with se?
rene, creative and undying thought.
Therefore have we said that, being man,
he was the victim of his age, and a sad j
sacrifice.
More than thi.-, there are certain por?
tions .of his personal conduct that should]
be unsparingly condemned. His desertion
of his first wife, and elopement with Mary
Godwin, was a terrible crime. The excuses
that are offered for it serve only to in?
crease irs hcinousness. If he despised
the hollow form of marriage, by so much
the .more was he under obligation to re?
vere its profound spiritual relations.
Shelley's crime was that in tram;:ling on
tic form he trampled also on the sub- j
stance: in spitting on the ceremony, be
spat also on the mystery. If there had j
been anything in his conduct to show that
he distinguished between mummery and
sacrament, or that he was seeking to
clothe tiie hollicst of all earthly relations
with a pure vestment, he might have been
a.leader and teacher of his race; but, un?
fortunately, it is but too apparent that his
highest conception of the love of the
sexes was a mere mixture of passion and
tcstheticism. Since he proved his inca?
pacity to rise to any higher ground than
this, his outrage upon established forms
deserves the most merciless excoriation.
We arc not of I hose who agree in the
opinion so often expressed, and repeated
by this biographer, that if Byron and
Shelley had lived longer, they must have
entered into a purer sphere and rounded
out a noble and beneficient maturity. The
example of Ga-the, which is constantly
cited in proof of this optimistic view,is
5 * *?' \ . ., I
? ? ill in point, gwiog to the r.-t:ird-t
flon of the literary movement in Ger?
many, Go?thc had a work of interprctltr
tioir which remained for no English j)0<it.
The material which the movement of the
race awarded to the German poets had not
yet been used. The German aspects of
the same modes of inspiration which
had created Shakespeare in England,
remained untouched. Gtethe, whose spirit
was the twin brother of Shakespeare's.but
whose intellect and understanding belong
to a later age, came as the postponed
[child of an earlier time, and wrought out
his long and splendid career of mingled
'poetry, criticism, and philosophy. Hut
[ no such career was possible for Shelley or
; Byron. These were the poets of despair.
Jn everything but the anguish that wailed
from their harps, and the terrible invec?
tives they pronounced on their age, they
had long been anticipated. The fountain
had run dry; they stood in the desert and
j drank its draughts of sand. As to u 1>at
shall come after them, when a purer age
shall be born, that was another matter
I and no concern of theirs. The forces ol
that new age did not well through their
consciousness: they were not its prophets;
lit knew them not, even by anticipation.
Thoir careers were complete when they
died; nothing remained for either of them
but to die. We do not write this in any
spirit of optimism, but rather the reverse.
Poor, erring,throe-wrung Shelley,we know
not what consolations awaited his spirit
when his body was given back to the ele?
ments in tire and wine on the shores of
the Mediterranean; but we do know that
the tearful lesson and deep meaning of
his unhappy life will never be forgotten
while the race of men pursue their upward
and endless (light.
TWO STA KS RETIRE?.
Edwin Itoth und Mary Anderson Never
Again to Appear on the Stage.
[New Yurk Gossip.j
The probability and almost certainty
that Edwin Booth's present retirement
from the stage will never be broken is ac?
companied by the assurance from Mary
Anderson, conveyed in a letter over her
signature, that she has decided positively
to never act again. An American mana?
ger sought her out at her English home.
le?s than a month ago, to make her
an ?fter of 5,000 a werk for her indi?
vidual services during an American tour
of three month's next session. Sin- re?
fused to oven sec him, and he went away
without having exchanged a word with her.
His card was returned to him. As he had
! formerly managed several tours, and their
j business relations had never been un
j pleasant, he was surprised by the repulse.
The ex-actress knew his errand and the
i amount of money temptation which he
' brought, for he had communicated with
her by letter.
An explanation of her singular conduct
i- given by an inmate, friend of her hus
band. Throughout the fulfilled portion of
her abruptly terminated tour in this coun?
try, when she enacted two characters in
??A Winter's Tab-" with great success, her
nervous system became seriously deranged,
and the disturbance amounted ton mental
malady, taking the form of a religious
aversion to the stage. This monomania
became bo serious that at length she
deemed her soul in danger of damnation
if she continued in her profession. That
was the reason why she terminated th? ?
tour abrubtly. Her manager had a good
case for damages against her of course,
and not lone; ago she settled his claim by
payment of $ 1^,000 in cash.
Under the influence of a quiet, restful
j life, she has regained much of her former
j health of body and mind, but her feelings
against theatricals remains unchanged,
and she has not witnessed a stage per?
formance since she gave- up acting. She
declares that she will never again see
others act, much less act herself. That
would seem to deprive us of the greatest
, of American actresses. There has been
an impression that after a prolonged holi
j day she would return to the stage to reap the
I great harvest of dollars which would have
grown for her. but the most persistent
: doubters of her sincerity must now be
i lieve that she is really an ex-acfress.
* ?
TliJ: FIRST STRIKE.
The First we Know of Was iu Egypt
Three Thousand Years Ago.
(From (he IV.! Mitti ?Mette.
j "There is nothing new under the sun,"
i receives nowhere a more startling verifi?
cation thin in this matter of strikes. The
j way in which our workingmcn of modern
! Europe tr\ to coerce their employers was
in substance the way adopted by their
, dark-skinned meanly clad, poorly ted pred?
ecessors in the land of the Nile before
I Moses led tin* Israelites out of Egypt. M.
I Maspero, who i< well qualified to speak on
I ail points connected with Egyptology, de
! votes several very interesting pages to the
subject in his charming "Historic Read?
ings," which have just been published.
I it seems that the families of the working
classes were quite as improvident in Egypt
thirty centuries ago as some of them are
in England at the present day. At the
i beginning of the month, when they had
' just received their months rations, eating
: and drinking went on without restraint.
I By tie- middle of the month the stock be
i gan to fail, und famine began to star..- the
i thriftless households in the face. So
j again and again they went out on the
strike in order to extort more from their
' superiors. A strike of masons is described
, by M. Maspero in detail, and some parts
I of the description might be mistaken for
extracts from an English or German uews
| paper in the nineteenth century of the
j Christian era.
fin the 10th of the mouth the builders
employed at a temple rushed tumultiuu.-ly
out of the place where they were working
and sat down behind a chapel in the tem?
ple precincts, exclaiming: " We arc
j hungry and there are eighteen days before
; the next pay day." They charged the pay?
master with dishonesty,asserting that the
latter gave false measure, 'i hc paymas
: ters, on the other hand, charged the men
; with want of foresight, alleging thai they
: spent their wages as soon as they touched
them. After some further negotiations
with officers of the Government the men
resumed work on the understanding that
the King himself should receive their
complaint. Two days later Pharoah act?
ually visited the temple, and when the
matter was laid before him, ordered relief
to be given to the woebegone masons.
For a short time there was quiet, but soon
provisions failed, and discontent broke
out again with renewed violence. On the
I6th of the following month the strike was
\u fuil force again. Not a man would work.
On the 17th and ISth they still refused
to lift a tool. On the 19th they attempted
to leave the precincts of the temple in or?
der to carry their grievances into the
outer world, but found that the person
who was placed over them had taken pre?
cautions so effectively that no one could
leave. So they spent the whole of that
day in laying their plans. On the follow?
ing day they resorted to more noisy meth?
ods. After vainly appealing with loud
cries to their manager, they decided to
apply to the governor of the city, and
therefore rushed through the busy "streets
to the inconvenience of pedestrians, not
stopping until they reached the governor's
palace. Like their European successors,
these discontented artisans stubbornly re?
fused to work, spent many hours in "dis?
cussing their position and prospects, dis?
turbed the order of the streets by their
impetuous movements, and ultimately ob?
tained part at least of their demands. So
we can trace the strike back for 3,000
years; that is to a period when Home was
not built and even civilization was still in
its infancy.
How old the method was at that time
it is at present impossible to say. Per?
haps the custom is as old as the pyramids.
Perhaps the first strike preceded the
most ancient of the existing monuments
of civ?aatio??
caisi: or Tin: sm^non'.v.
It i? Hue to the Cheapness oi Southern
Ironanri the Co-operation of Southern
Railroads;,
(From the American Manufacturer.)
When the Valley furnace owners made
their first complaiut they claimed to be
merely stating the plain situation, with?
out the least intention of making anything
like threats in order to effect a change.
The first reosou given by the furnace own?
ers in those districts why they cannot con?
tinue operations under present conditions,
is the large amount of Southern iron now
being shipped into that district. They
[assert that since May "30tb, IS?><>, from
[40,000 to 50,000 tons of this iron has been
I received in the valleys, displacing an
j equal amount of local production which is
now filled at the furnaces.
For months a fair quality of Southern
iron was delivered at the Young^town mills
for $14; and at this price large sales
were made. Last week the prices quoted
were [email protected] for Alabama pig. oT a
quality which permits of the run of "ii
per cent as a mixture in making a very
good grade of bar iron. Southern furnaces
are enabled to enter the Valley markets
mainly by the co-operation of the railroads.
Southern railroads virtually enter into
partnership with the furnace men by
hauling material and products under the
sliding scale arrangement. In this way
iron is hauled from Birmingham, Ala., to
Youngstown. G., a distance of about 800
miles, (or $4.10 per ton. The rate paid on
pig from Yonngtown to Pittsbnrg,65miles,
is b"0 cents per ton. In one case tin's is L^
cent a ton per mile; in the other, l.*23
cents.
In moving furnace supplies the South?
ern roads again favor the furnaccmen.
Pocahontas coke is sent into the Chatta?
nooga district at the cost of Counellsville
coke in the Mahoning and Shenango Val?
leys, though the distance in the one case
is 4?4 miles and the other 130: In many
cases Southern pig iron has to bear but
one profit, while the Northern producer
must pay a profit on each of his raw mate?
rials. The sliding scale,whieb fixes freight
rates according to the selling price of iron,
is another illustration of the manner in
which Southern railway companies co-op
erate with furnace owners. In selling
ahead furnaces are protected by the rail?
roads, even if in affording such protection
i he sliding scale has to be suspended. As
the Mahoning ami Shenango Valleys have
paid as high a- $'250,000 a month in freights
furnaccmen there hold that they should be
protected from Southern competition by
making the rate on iron from the South
commensurate with thai on iron going
out of the Valleys. Moreover, they
hold that the railroads in giving the ad?
vantages which enables them to secure one
ton of freigiit from the South, loses the
three totis they would get by protecting
the trade in the Valleys.
A t;.W> L'KOFIT.
The I.:ist of the Perry County Crowd
Released.
i ? Winchcsti r Democrat.)
Hob Profit, the la.-t of tLe Perry county
j prisoners confined in jail here on the
j charge- of murder, was to-day released on
! bail by Circuit du.Ige Morton, bail being
fixed at $5,000 on one indictment and
i $1,000 in another.
Profit is a member of the French fac?
tion, and i- by many regarded as one of
the most bloodthirsty men on cither side.
While in jail here ii i- charged that he
attacked Judge George Eversole, the
leader of the opposing faction, with a
razor, and would have killed him but for
the interposition of some of the other
! prisoners.
j Together with a number of others of
j each faction he i> charged with the kill?
! iug of John McKnight, who was killed at
j Hazard in November, IS90. The two fac
} Hons were attending circuit court, heavily
[ armed, and a series of minor encounters
culminated in a pitched battle, in which
i Ed Campbell and .1 <>tin McKnight were
killed. Joe Davidson was tried here a few
mouths ago lor the murder of Campbell,
and was acquitted on the ground of selt
defense, as at the time of the killing
Campbell w as shooting into the jailer's
residence in which was a brother of Dav?
idson. McKnight was killed early the
J next morning, as he stepped to the door
of the room in which he passed the
I night.
The principal crime tor which Profit is
held is the murder of Robert Cornett,
who was waylaid and .-hot down in the
i woods of IV,tv county in the fall of 1SS9,
j and Profit is supposed to be the leader of
j the gang who did il. Cornet! was killed
Jin retaliation for the murder of K. C.
Morgan, who was killed by the Eversolcs
I about a year previous.
Strike at Piueville.
(Mnrville Jresscitgcr.)
The miners employed in the coal banks
on Straight creek and in West Piueville
have for rhe past week or so been on a
strike >>i\ account of a reduction which
was made in the scale of wages. The
price formerly paid was two and a half
cents per bushel for mining. When the
mines of the Cumberland Valley Colliery
Company changed Stands a reduction was
made by the new management to two
cents. 'I he same scale was adopted at the J
i*. M.I. & C. Co.'s bank:- .in Straight creek.
While there i- a general dissatisfaction j
j among the miner- yet some few have re
[ inained in the banks and later more have
come back to work. T. !L McAlister Si Co.
at collier;. No. I. have now about all the
mine:- at work they need, and it is
thought tiial the matter will soon be ad?
justed and the work will go on.
Mr. George i'. Dovcy, who has charge
of colliery No. i. stated t<- the Messenger
the other day that he thought he would
soon have his works in full operation.
Currency in Circulation.
(>*. V, Tribune.)
On tie 1st of October the official report
showed an actual circulation outside the
Treasury $ 1,493,000,000 in currency of various
kinds, and the amount has since risen to about
$1,510,000,000. The final reporl of the census
of population is 62,022,250, so that ^1,503.000,
L'OO would he a tritl.- over $24 for every inhabi?
tant. The amount on October 1st, with 'he
amount of each kind of money in all the na?
tional bank-,, and the amount remaining in the
hands of the people, is thus shown in millions
of dollars:
! : I 2 ;
i ? i ? .
f - - / p ?f i
llllill
= g T: g U - :
r 5 * 5 = - ~ '
iilllflil j
5 5 ; "-' i <S ??
H ?< n a a a 3
C ? i< it S.
Sri1.1*2 i? ? .
5 5??SS2 I TX
? 5 5 5S?;
Florence Boycotted.
JYop.knck, .ua.,Ja?. 21-Tlw Fanners' Alliance
of the northern portion or La^ierdal,- county have
declared a boycott against Florence and the mer?
chant-. Thdr grievance I? rounded on sou* rum*
ur*s adopted by the Hoard ot Aldermen to protect the
butchers, who pay a heavy ipccial license, from
cotmty buck^r.; and fanners. The measure U re?
taliatory, bat will only injure the tanner*, aa thev
have no other market to carry their produce to. The
floreace cottou aarx* ij ?? beat Ja iU* wcUou.
What it i* Uoiii? lor L'emiHjri t ;?nj , ,
Olfiiculty of Overcoming n,
(l'htfburjf iron w.,ri.;
There are some notable stab
the case of the furnacemen.
time Northern and Western pji? ,
ufaeturers concede that their h
mill iron is being injured by g
iron. To be sure, I hey do riot
edge that the Son the rn mill .
character that will permit of it.
use in making bar iron, bur .,:
extent of ~"> per rent of the ptuhj
nace charge, bat it is an acknoah
that Southern mill iron has :
kct rival.
They also complain as to the
freight on this iron. In round
it is about SOO miles from Hirn
Youngstown; the rate \< $4.10
&26S pounds. This is praeti
cent a ton a mile. At the pre
tions of iron at Voungtown. .
this would net the furnnct - $U I
majority of the furnaces in tin
bond of Birmingham cannot n
this price per ton. On tin
the rate of freight on | ig ?
Youngstown to Pittsburg?
cents a ton, a hieb is equivalent ?
1.23 cents per ton per mile,
greater than the rate on pig iroi
Southern furnaces to Voung.-ti
rate on raw materials from the
ovens of Alabama to th<
furnaces is not given, but it
less per ton per mile than are
rates on raw materials from ?
and ovens supplying the \ a
so that both on material to ;
and on product from I Ire fun
product from the furnace the s
irons which are entering into ? ?
in the Valleys with tho yellow ir?
very great advantage.
As we have heretofore point*
impossible that the ;>iir ir"!; n
crsof the North shall permit ?
tion of affairs regarding frei?; ?
iron from "the South into the N
continue. The Easit rn
months ago made -A>-'u t
the Pennsylvania tl
condition of alfaj
about by these rra
railroad was com]
to advance ill son,
freight on pig iro
Eastern furnaccmjl
rate of freight fr
points of consumplion -
hilly reduced, but I In \ did
smaller amount of freight th
ern furnaces gave these roads -
be curried at a less rate pi i
Pennsylvania furnaces w> :?
It occurs to us that tbe con
the Valley furnaces in this i
justifiable and should be list* i
make a strong point in M i
the railroad- bringing this ii
Valley should not, in ordi r t?
on one ton of material that ?? i
very low rate, be willing to
on four tons of material ti; it .
quired in connection with tl
and marketing of every tori
made in the Valley s.
We do not understand that t
furnace men ask that the raili ad
put the rate of freight on tin
and products down to tht so in
they receive for hauling t!,.
iron, but they do claim, and ?
think, that South? rn pig iroi
rate of freight per ton pci n
40,000 tons of pig iron that an
into that valley, equal to that
Valley furnaces pay on the I
which they produce, and in t h<
uro of which they use at l< i
tons of raw material.
Very many of the Soutl
which have been built much in
any legitimate demand lot tin
been built to meet tin net ds ol tl
for freight. Many of the railn id
in the South depend for tin lai
of their freight over long sti
their lines upon the freight fin
furnace companies. The | : ?
South have been of vastly gn it
lance to the railroads than at
dustry, and therefore these raili
not be blamed it tl ey d.
their power to keep all their I
operation, but why .\"<>i ti.. : ?.
which l hese furuaces brinj
liuitesim.il amount of freist I
with that which their own fun
them, should assist in thi- cff< it
or otherwise, to take away I
the furuaces along their line,
our comprehension.
it t
COST OF SOUTH EKN It:'
Soon* Facts on Which the Kei nit *
tho Alabaiua Miner* was r.
The demand of the Ala' i
an advance of live cent.- per hoi
by the furnace operators, wl
the coal mine"', on tin gr<
price of pig iron will not idm
vance being paid. W. K. Uns.?
iuent labor leader of birrnii .
communication to the Alabai
argues that the position .?: t. ?
is untenable. To pro*, e thi
u res on the cost of ma kin;
South. He says: The
lions of local pig iron at
Foundry No. J. $12..">0; No
il 1 .50; Uray Forge, >11.
.$ 11.70 per ton. Tito ligur? -
Wright, United Statt s Com
Labor, who in a con,parativt
lytically devised, shows that <
all cost, including labor. ?
clerks, supplies and repairs ?
making pig iron in thn
furnaces is report cd r< -
$!).lf>, $IM?.'i. Avt ragit..
present cost of pig iron ma;
$9.11. Deducting from
selling price of $11.75 I
net profit of $2.6I per ton. I
the two Sloss furuaci * in I-** '
tons. N? t profit, at sp< ciiic
num, $102,032. Placing I
in round number-, as cost . ?
the net interest on the invt
be over '.i'2 per cent ami tal
of the Thomas furnace, sii .
IHSU was 41,272. tons. N< i |
cific cost, $13:J,070. Pin
the single stack furuaci it *
annual net interest >>'?'. l!
wuiild be or.' per cent."
Kllglailli'll I>*ipeiulei?ei
(New ifork t..'. lit
England's dependence upoi
States for her meat supph
striking illustration durit
weeks,.and has been !?!?
Lord Salisbury's jGoyeruim
effective manner a- to di>|
tears which, prevailed a -
that the importation of A
would be prohibited on tIk -
cruelty suffered by tin: aui
port. According to out i
published to-day, a serious
place there in the price ?
attributed solely to the tel
nution of the supply, due :
the recent bail weather on I
has tended to dela> siii;?:!; ?'??
from American ports.
An Interest Ins Event in ? rS
(From the Tribuue ? I !?
The briJ.? was a beautiful
ft* timid *a the first l-la?t;<- ot
Iov? knew.
The gruom ? a barulsome
low, ar.il was a type ot (hose
turisU wha have crowned ihi St.
wears.
Roth s? vnwu Impatient at ? 1
eloquent divine had joined their I
thiia man and wife, a fhiah of j .
cheek* ot both bridu and grootu.
Two uncagvd blru?, full i>l -
beauiitul city aud mot and nuivi la " ?
<* icy

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