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"^ROBINSON & CO.
BIG STONE GAP, VA. WATCHES, CLOCKS, SILVERWARE, SPECTACLES, ETC. W. C. ROBINSON & CO. VOL. L BIG STONE GAP, VA., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 6,1891. NO. 25. T1|KY GIVE IT UP. ci?itllT Vtoandoii hII I?1<^i Tl?* K*PU . ,h-ci?i<?M Rule and the Force ,u" W I S E CONCLU ION. ptl> 5.?Senator Aldrich ^^T^rWasbington from Rhode r?turnC orning During the morn U ,:" 1 T. consulted *i?h a number of ' I publican colleague, upon the condi .??es* of-11.0 Senate and ?,&n 01 successful outcome of to secure the passage ^.?Bii' ' ??nMiis ? h?peIc??*t.i."gSI?. -: :;,:t.? facj that ?1.C UepuM,,n .crs.. are *till presumably of the same 1 ? w when thee voted to lay n ind as they w,'r , * 1 ;" ? Kurc rule aside. Consequently .t stjtte(j with positivcucss that the .... 0f the Elections Hill have Sfdecidcd tu abandon the measure in nortant public husinegs As a result I both the interest ol "?i remaining to he acted upon. I lhi9 decision, ii is conceuci s . ,] , chamber that the necessity - an extra session of ( ongrcss disap- , ^ Tk. oecision hasbceii communi? cated^ the Democratic Senators. believe the country understands that j c ,,.?. defeated by eight Re? publicans who refuse to be bound by caucus lies or party pledges," said Sena , i; ,? your correspondent this af t !.-Th' nl returned from Rhode Island |ag, ingbt 1 thought ol making another effort to take up the closure resolution, ,hcn ,.he Elections Bill, for the express pur|.: placing the Republicans in the onnosition 5quarcly upon record; but I find there is no necessity of that, and it is th0Ugbt there could be no good come of ?eh a step, and there would be a waste of time It may be contended by some of the capricious eight that they did not rote against closure or the Election Bill, hut iho did; They voted in the first in? stance to !.?? aside the Elections Bill, when they knew it could not be taken up again. The) voted squarely to lay aside ,i?. ctosun ?heu th<t) knew it meant the measured death. And what is more, ihej r( fuse to sin now that they will vote at an\ lime to take up either of these pn positions. They arc, therefore, against hotli ? i them just the same ^ if they had voted."'No*'when, the closure resolution and the Elections Hill was before the Senate tor final adoption." The eight Senators referred to are Messrs Jone? and Stewart, of Nevada: Walcotl and Teller, of Colorado: Wash hurne, of Minnesota; Cameron, of Penn? sylvania, lugalls, ol Kansas, and Stand ford; <?! California. '? What effect will the defeat of the Elections Bill have on the Republican ? ? ? ?? Jt has already had the effect ol creat? ing .i great deal <>: feeling. 1 have never feeeu so much feeling among Republicans iii Kliode Island, and I learn it is the [same throughout the country. They are stirred up and are determined to have an organization >\ liich will win next year wifh put the aid "i those whobetrny their party's interest The feeling against the Republi [rans who voted .u.iiii->t the closure and Elections Bill is intense. As party men [theeight have been tabooed. It is rough ?ii them, hut one "i the saving features ?t \:>c part\ It i> becoming well under >t d thai the earnest Kepublieans in the Senate did all they could to pass a bill which irould guarantee pure elections-, or a- nearl) pure a^ possible, and it is becoming undei stood that the efforts made were made abortive 1 >v mvn who were elected to the Semite by Republicans. Neither the part) nor the majority of Ro ] icaiis in the Senate can be held re Boonsible for the false actions of some of |it> 'dividual members." ? ? it \-* .11 litSDK TION. plo- Supreme Court ..I tin- Unit?*?! Mutes Will Decide tin- Hi Illing v4.;i ot|,., lloii mi it* Merit* \V isHi.VttTo.v, I?. G., Kei?. I ? Chief .Jus tiee Fuller yesterday announced that the Supreme Court of the I'nitcd States had lecided to grant the petition of the coun? sel representing the British government ": ?' ave t.. an application tor a writ ,: whihitiuu to prevent I he district court l'': Alaska frotu proceeding to carry out P ?i forfeiture made in the ease pf the bohooiier Seywsird held for unlaw : ? ' taking seals within the waters of flieh ring ^v.,, eourt asked the British counsel at t*U\ ,hl' the rule for requiring the ? court to .?,,?.,. here and show cause fh- wr't of prohibition should not --- s"ould lie i.i ...j, returnable. The Pulicitor Ueneral of the United States IS a,,xl0U!i t? Ijave ii made returnable P tl't earlie.it possible dale as was Calde? rn Carlisle, junior counsel lor the par cs H??? bring ,he ( a,t. |ierCj aild; hy fJ,utUal agreement, the rule was made re Su",a,,l? the second Monday in April. Ih,s ??erel) settles the preliminary pues'?"" of the right to bring the case into ^ourt, am] ,he matter now to be M-ttled |K *h?fceroi not the court ?iil decide lhal lbe wnt of prohiliition should issue. tr* now be arguments on the 11,1,1 ''t till. I' ! Behring ><-a Controversy. c l? enouncing the determination of the i|0d ! V ChJcf juMicc 8uid ihe argument PaU u?? a mueh nider range than was [ f^..?tHha, ,he court was of the that it had jurisdiction. alliaxck I IuTjoknt liKi'OSEI). Keuturkv v. 71 > *lHl? l'r??l<Jent l iretl Out HuUily. *eifcviui Ki k l "?? Kwrtufk,. i ' ,0~s? Br B?,wi?|Pre?ldentot f%, Mum ,'utl,'i'u P,we< Thecbange ?J*r otwt,l h lir, w?rnh>gl? tb? AlUance. ? ^ ," <?iiior, io xW fanner* to ilUel. ex! . ':" ' GrOW'r*' To?>?eeo War^hou?.-, of dliMc CT''J0!"' S Vm*m 1 ? Pr*?<l*?b K^Loa^ llii? U. oj.jiosiuoa to i^ibCJ^i'f1'''"'- l:,v,i,,v Pi?c?a*e4ll#i THE GOULD PARTY. Great Significance Attached to the Visit South. Louisville, Ky., Fcl) .">.?There is much significance attached to the movements ol the party consisting of Mr. .lay Gould, his s.?n George Gould, Mr. John H. Inman, Sydney Dillon, Calvin S. Brice, Gen. Sam Thomas and Mr. Fclton, who are traveling through the South. There are whispers thai Gould and his associates contemplate In grand scoop by the consolidation of the Richmond Terminal and the Louisville and Nashville railroads. It is known that Mr. Gould has succeeded in a consolida? tion of all the Western railroad lines, and it is now thought that his purpose is to consolidate these two grand trunk lines of tin- South. The details can not he ascer? tained, and while the rumor may possiblv l?e unfounded, their arc many pointers, which tend to confirm the belief that a grand scoop is on loot. ( Klsl'i s FALL. Rejoicing in France Over the Downfall of the Italian Prime Minister. Romk, Feb. 5?King Humbert hail a con? ference to-day with the President ol" the Senate and the President of the Chamber of Deputies in reference i?> the ministerial crisis. 'I he Cupitnn Fracassa, referring to the vote in the Chamber of Deputies by which the Spirit Taxes Hill was rejected yester? day, says that it will find a profound echo thoughout tin' country. A very different decision, it adds, rests with King Humbert. The Popolo Romano says it is discour? aged to find a .-trong parliamentary situa? tion shaken by an unfortunate phrase. It expresses the hope that Premier Crispi's successor will be aide to maintain the -olid position created by the firmness of purpose manifested during the four years of t he Crispi Govern men t. The Milan Sccolo (Democratic) con? gratulates the country on the defeat of Premier Crispi, which it declares to be a guarantee of peace att(l a real deliverance tor Italy. Paris, Feb. 1.?The Journal des Debats, commenting on the ministerial crisis in Italy says: "We do not expect the foreign policy of Italy of the last eight years will perish with the retirement of Signor Crispi, although the next Cabinet will surely profit by the lesson and promote good relations with France." Tin' Hepubliquc Francaisc says: "No minister's overthrow was ever more log? ically brought about. Signor Crispi's in? curable self conceit in thinking t hat he ought to remain at the head of tin- Gov? ernment rendered his fall inevitable." The Lanteruc rejoices at t he downfall of Signor Crispi, saying: ?'Frenchmen and Italians now clasp hands sincerely." The Steele says: "The fall of Signor Crispi means the disappearance ol' one of tiie worst embarrassments in the mainte? nance of a European peace." The Kappel says: "The greatest enemy of France and Italy has come lo the ground." The Figaro says: "With Signor Crispi the lasl statesman in the tripple alliance disappears. This is the only side of the matter that concerns France." ThcGaulois, the France, and the Libertc concur in saving that Signoi Crispi's re? tirement will relax the tension in the re? lations 1.etween France and Italy. The Monitcur does not share the joy of the Parisian Republican press at the Ital? ian Premier's resignation. It says that King Humbert is reluctant to part with Signor Crispi, and that whether or not he remains at the head of affairs in Italy there will be no change in the Italian foreign policy. The Italian Cabinet Rome, Feh. 4.?It is now announced that King Humbert has summoned Signor Crispi's minister of war, Lieut. General Vialctto to form a cabinet. SENATOR I NO ALLS' FUTURE. lias Already Received Offers to Lecture and to Take Charge of Newspapers. Toi'i.ka. Kan., Feb., ">.?Senator Ingalls' entertained his usual coterie at the din? ner-table, -hatting and indulging in crisp sayings. fhe Senator, accompanied by his sou, left at 4 p. m. yesterday for Atch ison. 'I'm sday night he received two offers from the Detroit Tribune to take charge of that paper, another to deliver thirty lectures in twelve mouths on such topics as he might select and in such cities us he might name, the offer being $15,000. The Chicago Press Club will probably make him an offer. All these offers save of the lecture offer he will decline. "I shall remain in Kansas," he said, ??which State has been the scene of my triumphs, as well as troubles. 1 married here, here is my home, it is the home of my eleven children, some of whom are dead and who are buried here. I love the State. 1 shall take a rest after I he ad? journment of Congress, and that rest w ill be in my home in Atchison. I want to lake in the beautious surroundings. "Alter 1 rest I shall probably go into literary work. I can't remain idle, you k now." -?---*?- * THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF AMERICA. Figures That Show How Much The Soutli Has Been Gaining Upon the North. Washington, Feb. 5.?There were en? rolled in the public schools of the United States, at the latest general enumeration, I2,?91 ,'J?i> pupils. This is a great showing; but tbe most suggestive fact about it is that the number is not so large as might have been expected, all things considered. In other words the increase during the past year, for example, was very much less than the average annual increase in the number of persons of the school-going ages. What is still more striking, in no fewer than six States, and Northern States at that, there was an absolute decrease in the number of pupils enrolled, in spite of in.reuse in the population. And this tendency was not confined to the States most nearly stationary in population. lu the great State of New York, while the average growth of the population of school ago was 30,090, tho gain iu enrollment was 544, so that there was a hare escape from adding a seventh to the. number of States which show an actual decrease of tin- number of enrolled pupils. Again, we find, according to the statis? ts of the bureau of Education in the Interior Department, that there has been i a steady decrease in the proportion of pupils to population in the North Atlantic States for full" twenty years. This may seem a surprising statement, hut the official figures show that this ratio, which was 2:2 percent in 1870,had fallen to about '.'?'( per cent in 1880, and thence to only a little more than 18 per cent to-day. In what is sometimes called the North Cen? tral Division of States the same decline is found, the ratio of 24 2-5 in 1870 com? ing down to 23 1-? ten years 'later, and to 22 4-5 at the last reckoning. Not less remarkable and suggestive is the compensation for this decline in the growth of public school education at tin; South. There we find that the ratio of punils to population, which was (?.3 in 1870, had become lfi.4 in 1880 tind IS.7 ten years afterward: or, in other words, the ratio had trebled in twenty years. The South Central States show nearly the same gains, a ratio of 1 .."> in 1870, in? creasing to 15.4 in 1880, and to 17."i last year. It will therefore he seen that the great rcaitive gain in the South was from I87U to 1880. That was the period when the building up of the schools there, particu? larly of the colored schools,was going on. The more than doubling of the ratio be? tween pupils and population became com? paratively easy, when the basis started from was so low. During the succeeding decade, even with a vigorous absolute growth in the schools, the relative gain was less apparent because so different a basis had been reached in 1880. The coming decade, for the same reason can? not show anything like tin relative results already secured at the South, especially between 1870 stud 1880, and. indeed, what may be called the normal proportion of pupils to population has .already been almost reached there. What this proportion is may be judged from taking the I'nited States as a whole, and observing that the percentage of en? rolled pupils to total population is l!l.7. As has already been seen, the South At? lantic Stales have reached a percentage Of 18.7, and tio' South Central of 17.7. Thus their probable gains in ratio tor the next ten years are quite limited. What is very striking, also, is that the South Atlantic States Jo-day exceed the North Atlantic in the ratio ol' population en? rolled in the public schools, the difference being as 18.7 to 18.3. Comparing this with the figures of 1870, which were (!..'! against 22.1, the great change will he bet? ter appreciated, but ai the South there is an excess of children of school age compared with the usual proportion of such children to the total population. The Atlantic and Central States having been spoken of. the Western only remain to he considered. There was a growth there in the ratio id' pupils to the popula? tion from 13.8 in lt>7<l to Mi.Ii in 1880. lint then a change occurred. There was no actual retrograde in ratio during the de? cade following, but an advance only from 1(1.3 to 16.5, although this latter was still tar below the average. Taking all the States together, the growth in tue South was so enormous from 1870 to 1880 as to carry the ratio of pupils to population in the I'nited Stales as a ?hole fr*.in 17.8 to lll.T. but ii is a most singular result that exact 1\ the same ratio. 1?.7. was found in the reckoning for last year. In other words, the stationary ratio of the Western Slates and the exact offset of the North? ern decrease and Southern increase has left the ratio of the whole country undis? turbed for ten years. We may. therefore, assume that one in live is the normal pro portion of public school enrollment. It is admitted that some slight changes may lie made in these figures with more complete and revised returns: but a typi? cal bulletin compiled a few days ago from the late census substantiates tin.' general results already deduced. In an extreme Southern Slate, Louisiana, the gain of pupils to population from ISM) to 1890 was 28.8 per cent; in an extreme Northern Slate, New Hampshire, the lo^s was 15.9 per cent; in a Northwestern Slate, Wis? consin, the loss was percent. Yet th absolute percentage to population wae higher in New Hampshire than in Louiss iana, being 15.87 against 11.11. while in Wisconsin it was 20.7!). In general, the highest existing tatio ol pupils to popula? tion is among the North Central States, and the lowest among the Western. Why is it that these strange changes, particularly at the North, have occurred during the twenty years? The first thought might be that they were largely due to immigration, especially of people whose children are put to work at as early an age as possible. But the statistics of the Bn reau'of Education indicate that the two! main causes are different. The tirst ij the great increase of private and paro? chial schools, which steadily draw upon those who twenty or thirty years ago would have been brought up in public schools. The second reason, in the opin? ion of tin' Commissioner, is that education now begins at a later age than it used to. It is found that in some States which have been famous for their public schools year after year ever since 1880 the number of children under live years of age has been steadily falling oil'. Parents are less anx? ious to begin public education of their children in infancy: or perhaps the regu? lations have been so altered that the pub? lic schools can be used less than of old for the purpose of keeping very voting children out of harm's way, while kinder? gartens and day nurseries have multi? plied. [SAD AND IMPRESSIVE. The JOhsequles Over the Remains of the Lute Mr. Wimlom. Washington, Feb. 4.?The funeral ser? vices over the remains of the late Secre? tary of the Treasury, Hon. William Win dom, were held at the Church of the Covenant yesterday. The vast concourse comprised more officials from President Harrison's administration than have ever before gathered together in one edifice. Tlie scene was impressive in its solemnity! ! and awe-inspiring in its simple grandeur. Gathered within the walls of the stately white marble church were, the nation's greatest statesmen, the most renowned diplomats of foreign countries, the highest oflicers of the army and navy of the Uuited States, the most brilliant women of the soeial world, while mingling in tlte vast crowd were many whose plain dress bespoke their position in social life, and empha? sized the great truth that " death levels all rauk." To a large majority of those present the dead Secretary was personally known, his long public service having giving him an extended and varied ac? quaintance, and with many he was per? sonally as well as officially intimate. Judge Miller's Declaration that lie will i Grant no .More Licenses Without a Popular Vot<? Excites Much Opposition. WHAT J. B. SAYS ABOUT IT. The County Court for January was in session at Gladeville from Tuesday the 71ii, through Saturday of last week. A good de;.l of business was disposed of I first and last. At the opening of the court County Judge F?ller made a state? ment of interest to the whole people of Wise county, to the effect that lie would grant no more liquor license under any state of ease in the county until the end of the fiscal year, and would not renew any of the licenses for the next year to person}) who were already in the business and hive license, unless the people of the respective districts vote on the ques? tion, und vote in favor of having liquor sold. He said that he had been informed reliably from many sources that Hie li? quor traffic was doing the county a great injury, and was the cause of most of the disorder that had recently occurred. As the statute vested that discretion in him he decided to use it on the side of order and morality. The decl.trat ion w as ap? plauded by many members ol' the bar as well as many citizens, but the re was some dissent among good men, who held that if liquor is not sold in a legal way ?'blind tigers" will start up, and the illicit traffic will do more damage than would otherwise be done'. There were some ten or fifteen applications lor liquor licenses pending in the court to be heard :il this term, and after this statement of the .Judge all were dismissed, and the ap? plicants pursued their cases no further. Tin- trial of Mac Robbins, for the mur? der id' a negro al Norton lust year, con? sumed two or three davs of the court's time. A great deal of testimony was in? troduced on both sides, and the case was ably argued for the prosecution by Messrs. ('. A. Hardin, L. Turner Maurv and Com? monwealth Attorney Bruce, and the de? fense by Mr. E. M. Fulton and .Judged. B. Richmond. The jury, after being locked up over night, hung for the second time, ll was understood that eight were lor convicting lor murder in the second degree, one for manslaughter and three lor acquittal. The tiial of the negro, .John Streets, tor shooting John Fulton with intent to kill at this place last fall, was postponed until the February term of court on ac? count of absence of material witnesses, chielly that of Fulton himself, who was not able to come to court to testify. The trial of George Salver for forgery was also postponed until next term of court. An appeal from tin- estimate of com? missioners, in the case of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company against the estate of WjIlium 1). .Junes, deceased, and 1 others, was postponed until next summer, and commissioners were appointed to make condemnations in several other eases with the railroad. Several parties were convicted of car? rying concealed weapons, shooting in the public road, etc., and were lined. .Juil^e Miller's Decision. To the Editor of the Post: At tin; last term of the county court .fudge Miller announced that he would not grant liquor licenses again to anyone, under any circumstances, until; the people of the magisterial district in which the applicant might reside should vote upon the question under the local option law, and decide it in favor of li- , cense. A number of people in l?g Stone Gap seem to think that is a wrong view to take of the matter. Under the law as it now stands it is the duty of the county .fudge to grant license' lo any one who may apply, provided he be a suitable per? son, and provided the place in which the liquor is to be sold is a suitable and con- ! venient place. As Jo the fitness of the J person and place the .Judge may exercise! his discretion, and under the decision of our courts this discretion is very broad! and pructicallv unlimited. Ji is very cer tain that the cross-roads bar rooms, situ- i ated in remote parts of the county, with no otlicers around them to keep order, do j an immense deal of harm, but in an incor? porated town, with sufficient police otlicers, : it is thought l?y many that there is less disorder and perhaps less drinking where there are licensed barrooms than where there are none. In Lee county there are no bar rooms, the county .Judge of that, county having refused absolutely all ap plications, yet along the line of the Louis? ville & Nashville railroad from Cum? berland (bin to the Wise county line there j are over fifty bar rooms. The proprietors of these dens procure V. S. licenses and then defy t he State laws. The experience of Wise county while Judge Wells was county Judge also dem? onstrated the fact that it is impossible to prevent illicit traffic in liquor where there were no licensed bar rooms. In the town of big Stone Gap there are now six bar rooms running under license, yet we have had better order perhaps, than any town in this section of the State. The members of the police guard say it is much more difficult to keep order and suppress illicit traffic in liquor than it is to keep order in towns where bar rooms run under license. At the meeting of the pol ice guard to be held to-night this question will come up for consideration, and it is thought that an effort will be made to induce Judge Miller to renew licenses to proper appli? cants in Big Stone Gap. J. B. CAPTURED IN .MEXICO. ? ? ? ? James N. Henry, Who Stole Cash and Securities Amounting to 81,500,000. New Yokk, Feb. 5.?The Daily Conti? nent this morning publishes the following: The I'inkcrton detective agency in this city has been informed by its agent in the city of -Mexico that the Mexican police had arrested James N, Henry, who is wanted in Canada on the charge of rob? bing the Bank of Montreal of cash and se? curities amounting to $1,500,000. Henry's big haul was made on Decem? ber 13 last. He was an exchange broker at Chatham, Out., and usually carried a large amount of the bank's securities. On the above date he disappeared, and an in? vestigation showed that the theft was the largest that ever occurred in Canada. He was known to have crossed the American iforderr but by tho time tho Fiakerton men were notified he was probably in Mexican territory. In the early part of January the Mexi? can authorities were notified of the rob? bery and were given a full description of the stolen securities. All the banks in that Republic were notified. In the mean? time a stranger had arrived in the city of Mexico and attempted to negotiate cer? tain securities with the agencv of a Lon don bank. They knew the securities were \ part ot those stolen from the Bank of Montreal and the latter instititution was advised of Henry's whereabouts. Detec? tives were sent after him and his arrest followed. The prisoner will start for Can? ada this week. CAPITALISTS COMING SOUTH. John If. Inraan, (Jay Gould and Several Others to Visit Chattanooga. Chatt.woooa, Texx., Feb. .">.?A tele? gram was received from Mr. John H. In man yesterday, stating that his party left New York, and that they will spend Wednesday at Asheville, Thursday at Knoxville, arrive at noon Friday in Chat? tanooga and leave Chattanooga Friday night at 10 o'clock for Atlanta. The party consists of .lay Gould and daughter, General Sam Thomas ami wife, United Stales Senator Calvin Ilriec and wife, Sidney Dillon, l'at Calhoun and wife, atid John H. Inmau. The Chamber of Commerce has taken charge of the entertainment of the dis? tinguished visitors. The Entertainment Committee held a meeting yesterday and arranged a programme. Immediately upon a rival at the depot the party will be taken to the mountain where after view ing t he scen? ery a light luncheon will be spread at the Lookout Inn. The greater part of the afternoon will he spent on the mountain, but the city will he reached again in time to pay a visit to the Southern Iron Company Steel .Mills before a public reception al the Chamber of Commerce, which will lake place between 8 and ID p. m. The Cob? web Club has kindly placed their rooms I at the command of the Entertainment ! Committee. It is probable that in the club-rooms a reception will be tendered the ladies of the party. Till; SILVER ABSURDITY. What Two Experts Have to Say A hoot the Effect of Unlimited Coinage Upon the Business Interests of 1 lie Country. (Washington Dispatch.) The silver hearings were continued by the House Coinage Committee to-dav. Director Leech of the mint w as questioned by members of the committee. He said that the exchange value of silver hail been kept equal to that of gold because the Government would exchange silver for gold. A refusal to do this would in? jure tin: credit of the Government. He did not believe silver and gold would cir? culate together if hitnetaiism were es? tablished here. He did not believe that silver could be kept at par with gold until there was an international agreement. The effect of the passage of a free coinage : bill, lie thought, would be that foreign nations having stocks of silver on hand would ship them here; hut before these shipments could arrive the alarm would be so great that gold would be withdrawn from the Treasury and hoarded by the banks, so that the Government would have no gold with which to pay for the silver. The effect of free coinage would be a contraction of the currency, hut how long this would last he could not tell. Mr. Edward Atkinson said that credit depended not upon the quantity of money, I but the quality. In the business ot the world credit was the factor to an extent twenty or thirty times as great as that of actual money. He declared that free coinage would stop credit, which would stop business, as business had already been restricted very largely by the fear of such legislation. By natural selection gold, Mr. Atkinson said, had become the standard the world over and it could not be helped. Whether you would or not, trade was measured by gold, because prices depended upon what the excess ex? ported brought. He had no theories about the selection of gold; he simply accepted the fact. He thought there had never been so much gold available for commer? cial purposes as now. He thought Eng land was on the safest financial basis of any country in the world, and this was due to her adherence to the gold standard. Mr. Martine asked, if this were so, how it was that the Bank of France had never needed to call on England for assistance, while the Bank of England had been obliged to call on France for aid. Mr. Atkinson said that there were more financial crisis in England, because of the world-wide magnitude of her enterprises, j which she was attempting to transact on : too small a reserve. He objected to silver being made a legal tender, because it was in the nature of a forced loan. Almost \ any business man might, however, get on | a gold basis by restricting his business, which had already been done to some ex-1 tent. That would lower wages, and he thought the fear of free coinage legisla? tion had til ready low ered wages. Mr. Atkinson gave the following as his view of the recent financial flurry: The pinch was nop due to a natural scarcity of money, but to a scarcity of money in the right place; to a reduction of thebank reserves, that obliged the banks to restrict credit. Now with no more actual money in circulation than six weeks ago, there is an abundance of money and an abun? dance of credit. He declared to his cer? tain knowledge that since the present free silver hill was passed by the Senate large transactions, amounting to hundreds of thousands of dollars, had been summarily suspended after being well under way. As soon as Mr. Atkinson finished, Mr. Bland, saying that these were the same statements that he had heard for years, moved to fix a day for a final vote, which motion Mr. Vaux moved to amend by fix? ing Tuesday as the next meeting day of the committee. Mr. Walker of Massachusetts immedi? ately objected, and said his business would not permit him to be present so often. He declared warmly that the committee had never had any hearings on the question of free coinage, and the free silver men im? mediately locked horns with him on this statement. Mr. Walker kept the floor for five min? utes, or more, and when an attempt was made to vote on Mr. Vaux's motion he made the point of order that 12 o'clock had arrived, to which Mr. Williams, of Illinois, retorted with the remark that Mr. Walker had used up all the time nec? essary to vote. The Chairman, Mr. Wick ham,* overruled Mr. Walker's point of order, but the propriety of the ruling was questioned, aud finally, by unanimous consent, adjournment was taken untD Tuesday. CLUB AND COUNCIL. The Commercial Club ami City Council Roth Hold their Regular Meetings and Discos? Several Import? ant Matters. SUMMARY OF PROCEEDINGS. The regular monthly meeting of the City Council was held at the Mayor's oltice Monday night. Present, W.T. Goodloe,C. E. Spalding, J. B. Adams, H. E. Fox, C. W. Evans, C. D. Kunkel and H. A. W. Skcen, Mayor. On motion duly seconded, Blocks Nos. 21 and 42, in Plat 1, were de? clared fire limit Blocks. The matter was discussed of erecting a pair of city scales. A motion was made that the Mayor ap? point a committee to investigate tiie mat? ter of buying and putting up public scales. Carried. The Mayor chose for his com? mittee Messrs. Goodloc, Fox, Evans. A motion was made that the house of J. B. Adams, on Jerome Street, which is built on an alley, be referred to tiie Street Committee for investigation. Carried. Moved and seconded that the owners and occupants of the old ice house near ?I. M. Willis' be instructed to have all hay and other mate-rial removed therefrom and also discontinue the keeping of fire in said building. The committee appointed to investigate the removal of the mill-dams reported that they hail not been able to get per? mission of all interested in the dams. Mr. McDowell, on the part of the Big Stone Gap Improvement Company, who owns one-half of the dam nearest the city, said they were willing that the dams should be removed. On motion, duly seconded, the committee was instructed to investigate the matter further until some conclusion was arrived at. The Street Committee were empowered and instructed to complete four crossings two on Clinton avenue,one on Fifth Street and one on Wood avenue, macadamizing on sides of same with stone. On motion, the city engineer was em? powered and instructed to move the side? walk between Wyandotteand Pearl Streets to ihe property line. W. T. Goodloe reported the number of cases tried by him. total amount of fines, convictions, etc., which was accepted by the Council. The following claims were presented and allowed: Claim of G. E.Gilley, amount $55; claim of M. Smith, citv engineer, $222.90; claim of .1. B. Adams, $18.50; claims of Mr. Irvine for lumber for side? walks, amount $6" 14.05, less 15 percent; claim of W. R. Knox for road work, $0.25; claim ofMcNulty for January w as allowed, less 15 per cent, amount $719.22; claim of Morriss-Dillard Hardware Co.. amount $15.35, was allowed; claim of Johnson i Goodloe, contractors, was allowed, less 15 per cent, and amount previously paid, $409.55. On motion, duly seconded, the recorder was allowed $2.50 for each special meeting of the Council from the time he entered upon the duties of his office, instead of $1.00, as heretofore fixed. The meeting adjourned to meet Febru? ary 12th. Tiie Commercial Club. At the Commercial Club meeting Mon? day night quite a good number were in attendance, and several questions of im? portance were discussed. The regular Secretary being absent the President called on F. D. McGinley to fill his va? cancy. Mr. Simmons, one of the special com? mittee appointed to look after securing the Wooten k Dowden mantle manufac? turing plant, reported that Mr. Dowden was present at the meeting, but that he did not wish to make his proposition public until after a conference with the proper committee. Mr. Dowden's plant will work from fifty to sixty men. It was agreed that the committee meet on Tues? day afternoon and, together wit Mr. Dow? den, formulate something definite. The matter was discussed of distrib? uting the cards containing the names of the members of the various committees. The President instructed the committee to complete the distribution of the lists at once. Tne question was asked as to the pro? gress of the Stove Committee. Mr. j Simmons said he iiad a talk with Colonel ! Adams a few days ago, who informed him that he was still in correspondence about the matter with fair prospects of success. Mr. Shelby said he had a letter from Colonel Adams' brother, expressing his i admiration for this place, and saying that j if he could sell out his real es ! t?te in Florida, X. Y., he would locate here. Mr. Bullift asked if there had been any steps taken in regard to making an ex? hibit of thi3 section at the World's Fair in '93. The President said: 441 have been thinking for some time of the pro? ject to interest a number of towns in this section in that matter, and perhaps some joint movement can be organized by which we could represent this section, each town appropriating its proportional part of the expenses. 1 think we should do more ad? vertising in the Northwest. The last number of the Manufacturer's Rocord contains a good suggestion, which is: That every one in the South who takes an industrial paper after reading it should send it to some friend in the North who might be induced to come South. It would be a good thing if a movement could be organized for ttie various towns j In this sectiou to club in and have a joint j exhibition at the World's Fair, and also ; for the purposes of advertising this sec? tion by other methods." Senator Mills said: " I do not, think we "could attach too much importance to this matter. Exhibits are the best way we can advertise." Then came up the finance question? that is, where the money would come from? The President urged upon the Fi? nance Committee to begin work again on the laud companies and others who had expressed their willingness to aid the club, as the money market is getting better and he thought their efforts would bo successful. The charter for the club was discussed, and on motion, duly seconded, Mr. Bullitt was added to the committee to assist in completing draft of it-, aud the committee' was requested to complete it at once. The World's Fair question came up again and, after considerable discussion, a mo? tion was made by Mr. Castleman that ft committee of three be appointed to in? vestigate the matter by corresponding with the managers of the World's Fair, ascertain the probable cost and also make investigation as to what the neighboring towns will do in the way of aiding us to make an exhibit. The motion was car? ried. The President said that he would ap? point a committee for that purpose the next day. A motion was adopted that the President be made chairman of that com? mittee. Mr. Sproles suggested that the club employ the services of an assistant Sec? retary at a small salary to keep up the minutes of the meeting, attend to corres? pondence, etc. The matter was discussed and a motion made that Mr. McGinley be elected assistant Secretary, to do the cor? respondence of the club and keep up the minutes of the meeting. Carried. Mr. Sergeant, of Chicago, was called upon to make a speech, and he made some valuable suggestions to the club. He urged upon it the importance of ad? vertising, saving that the city of Chicago and the Northwest generally was com? paratively ignorant of the development that was taking place in Southwest Vir? ginia. He said of Big Stone Gap: "Na? ture has been very lavish with you, and it only rests with you to do your part. I do not know of any place in the United States where all things are brought together for manufacturing purposes as they are here." The matter was talked of in regard to getting a handsome relief map made of this section of the country, showing its connection with the larger cities, location, etc. On motion by Mr. Shelby the Sec? retary was instructed to correspond with Mr. J. B. Hoeing, of Lexington, Ky., in regard to this matter, ascertain the cost, etc. The meeting adjourned. TKADE REVIEW. The Volume is Unprecedented; the Tone is Good and Prospects Flattering. I Dan's Report.) Ii. G. Dun & Co.'s weekly review of trade says that business continues unprece? dented in volume and satisfactory in character. Measured by clearing house returns, trade exceeds that of a year ago by about '2)4% percent in amount, and that means a volume of business larger than in any other year at this season. The tone in commercial circles throughout the country is hopeful and money is now com? paratively easy at nearly all points. The uncertainty regarding the monetary fu? ture causes some hesitation, especially as to new undertakings, but there is confi? dence that the fertile genius of the peo? ple and the measureless resources of the country will meet every difficulty. So strong is this feeling that it is often hard to realize that the pressure and anxiety of November and December lasted until within thirty days, but there were some grounds for caution still. The dry goods trade is very satisfactory for tiie season, and while the buying is conservative both in cottons and woolens and prices are low enough to embarrass some branches of production, the trade is clearly on a more healthy basis, as well as larger in volume than it was a year ago. The increasing demand for wool, though still confined to actual needs for consump? tion, proves that current prices do not arrest production. The trade in .boots, shoes and leather is retarded by the mone? tary uncertainties. In the manufacture and sale of machinery and implements business is larger than ever, and while copper, tin and lead are lower for the week the consumption is very heavy. ikon and steel. The embarrassment in the iron and steel manufacture .and trade is now clearly perceived to be the result of a shrinkage in the demand for consumption. Bar iron is dull, the demend for plates is much smaller than expected and for sheets ir? regular and unsatisfactory, while struc? tural iron is dull and lower. There is very little doing in rails at prices now nomi? nally asked and the pressure to sell pig? Virginia competing in Pennsylvania mar? kets and Southern No. '2 being olfered at $14.50 against $15.25 for Lehigh No. 1 Northern, quoted here at $11).7">?and un? sold stocks of pig, now said to be 400,000 tons more than a year ago. Accounts from Southern cities indicate a fair trade with improvement at Atlanta and some improvement at Jacksonville, but increasing receipts and lower prices for cotton at New Or? leans. Philadelphia reports good demand for wool, encouragement in dry goods and shoes and an improvement in paper be? cause of the Government award to Penn? sylvania makers. silver falls. The startling death of Secretary Win dom caused a fall in the price of bar sil? ver from 47^0 to 46% in London, it is said in the dispatches, but no change in the polic; of the Government is likely to re? sult, though it may happen that his suc? cessor, however able, may not possess the [fertility of resources which Mr. Windom has shown in meeting emergencies. The Treasury purchases last week have not affected the money market. Speculation grows more active and wheat has advanced cents; corn, cents; oats, )i> cent, and coffee, 15 cents per 100 pounds, but cotton is a 1-10 cent lower, and oil, 2%' cents lower. The stock market has been weak on the whole, but with signs of recovery Thurs? day, notwithstanding the extreme rail? road legislation now proposed in some Western States. Failures for the week, 278; for the same week last year the figure was 246. REIGN OF TERROR. Desperadoes Thronten to Murder Mine Owners. BtBMiXGHAM, Ala., Feb. "2.?The troops returned from Carbon hill to-night. They reported having arrested Sim Taylor, who is said to have threatened to kill the offi? cials of the Carbon Hill Coal and Coke Company. An effort was made to arrest Bill Murray, the murderer, but he fled to the mountains and escaped. All is now quiet. The company has discharged a number of agitators and the place is in charge of Sheriff Shcpard and a strong posse. mourmcbdku threatened. Col. Louis V. Clark, who has just re? turned from Carbon Hill with tho military, says the fueling is very strong among tho white miners against the negroes, and every negro has bcon run off, terror stricken. Several mine bosses have been warned to leave at the peril of their Uvea. In the past two years three superintend? ents have been run off and one aosassina ted. There is ifbt a uegro at Carbon Hilt tonight.