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The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, February 13, 1891, Image 2

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The Big Stone Post.
Entered at the post office at K<z Stoae Gap, Y*?
kb second-class nutter, Nov. Htb, 1590.
Tanas o? Scaacairno*:
On-Tear..' - - *-??
Six Months. - ???
rarst?nt strictlv la adraoee.
AovrrnsntG ?irts:
Display advertisements per inch, for each iusertion.
50 cent*.
l>ef;al notices, obituaries,etc., 10 cents per line each
I)i*couot allowed for one column or mor*.
Friday, February 13,1891.
Tnr. letter of the Hon. Edward Atkin?
son on the silver question, which appears
in another column, should be read by
every one interested in Southern develop?
ment. There is no telling what disaster
may be precipitated upon this section if
Southern politicians continue advocating
every foolish vagary that springs up. They
seem recklessly to adopt any wild theory
that they think popular and will help
them to power. Xo delegation from any
section ever evinced such a lamentable
lack of business sagacity and foresight
and such utter disregard of the interests
of the people they are sent to represent.
Their eloquent rot is worse than worth?
less. It serves no other purpose than to
catch the kid glove applause of the gal?
leries while it imperils the industrial
movement now in progress. It is time
for those whose fortunes arc bound up in
this movement to assert themselves and
send men to Congress who will fairly and
intelligently represent them.
- II tfr -o
Do Your Duty.
Outsiders who are interested in Big
Stone Gap should contribute to the Com?
mercial Club fund which is being raised
for advertising purposes, and contribute
liberally. Thus far the Improvement
Company and the East Big Stone Gap
Company have been the only organizations
that have done their duty in the matter of
advertising. There are other companies
who have done little or nothing, but who
are waiting for other people to raise a
fund from which they hope to derive a
great part of the benefit.
There are individual holders of proper?
ty who are acting on the same principle.
They put up nothing, but are selfish and
parsimonious enough to desire other peo?
ple to do all the work and contribute all
the cash, necessary to make their property
They should understand that this skin
game won't work. They may, for a time,
gain an apparent advantage; but it will
only be apparent. Time makes all things
even; and opportunities for squaring ac?
counts are sure to come.
Men of observation and business ex?
perience know th.it such methods do not
it in in the end, but prove costly in more
ways than one. A broad and generous
spirit furnishes a better basis for business
prosperity and wins for itself as well us
for others. The sensible and successful
man will not keep a goid mine hidden in
a hill, but will spend something to develope
and render it valuable. If he lacks the
money to do this he will advertise his
property and draw capital to his aid.
Besides there is something base and
contemptible in the sordid spirit that
would wrench pennies from another's la?
bor. It is not decent and it is seldom
profitable. Nature, in her subtle laws and
profonnd economy discourages and de?
feats such selfishness. The fruit of it
turns to ashes just as it is about to be en?
joyed. It is better in every way for every
man to bear his part of the burden, and
not risk the chances of profit merely by
the outlay of his neighbor. Such tactics
neither bring fortune nor happiness. But
they very often bring reproach and retri?
The Commercial Club Again.
The attendance at the last meeting of
the Commercial Club was by no means
what it should have been. The night was
rainy it is true, but rain does not usually
deter its members from going wherever
their inclinations lead them, and it should
not prevent them from doing their duty to
the club and furthering the interests of a
city in which the fortunes of all of us arc
bound up.
It can not be too often repeated that
many members, and many citizens who
arc not members, evince a very narrow
and shortsighted appreciation of their own
interests by neglecting to contribute to an
organization whose only object is the
furtherance of the general good and which
may. with proper support, be made the
most important factor in the grow th ami
prosperity of the city.
There is too great a disposition to
dawdle, both in the club and out of it.
Members sometimes rise in the body, make
speeches urging that such and such a step
be taken at once. They are appointed
chairmen of committees to carry out their
views; they neglect the duties assigned
them; and, when called on to report pro?
gress, have the gall to argue that the mat?
ter was not so important, and that at all
events the time has not quite come for
, action. They have been thinking it all
over, of course; they have thought it best
to defer the matter, first for one reason
and then another?allot which means that
they have been dawdling and have done
Manifestly the most important matter
for the immediate consideration of the
club is to get money iu its treasury, for
no body of men, religions, political or com?
mercial can work without money. The
club should have a charter at once; the
finance committee should organize under
it and apply to everybody directly and in?
directly interested in Big Stone Gap, to
contribute to the fund which is to be used
for advertising the town and encouraging
industries. But we have been organized
several months and no charter has yet
been framed.
Weeks ago it was urged that it was of
the first importance to have a charter, as
wo could not ascertain bow much money
m can got without one. Then it was said
it was not necessary to have a charter un?
til it was ascertained how much money we
cor.ld get after we got one. Weeks ago
tr>o it was said that no important step
?ould he taken in the way of advertising
tantil wc could raise a proper fund, which
was trnc. But at the la?t meeting it was
strangely argued that no important step
could he taken in the way of getting
moncy^fntil we bad formulated 6ome plan
for advertising. So every thing has been
put off, divergent and directly opposite
reasons being given at each meeting for
Now if we arc to have a Commercial
Club let us have one that will act?that
will produce results. Let us have a credi?
table one or let ua have none at all.
Beyond the active efforts of Trfew who
have made no parade, wc have
thus far done nothing of con?
sequence. We hare been like children
playing with tin soldiers. They are set
up in column, dressed to the right, then
eyes front; but whenever an effort has
been made to move the column, it has
tumbled down like a row of bricks.
The result of it all is that the members
of the club are losing interest in it, and
the number of real workers is diminishing
every day. Is there no way of getting!ac?
tion, and quick action? Are we to go on
perpetually like a lazy boy going to school,
stopping now to throw a rock at a sparrow
and again gazing abstractedly at a buz?
zard wiling through the air? If all this
is to continue we had as well declare the
club a failure and abandon it.
This is plain speaking, but it ij just
and true; and if is demanded after repent?
ed mild appeals and protestations which
seem to have had no effect whatever.
We are not acting like business men
who appreciate the necessity of prompt
business methods and of determined, en?
ergetic action. If the club is a good
thing, let us establish it upon a sound and
enduring basis; if it is not a good thing,
let us give it up. The sooner we come to
a conclusion and act on it. the better.
A Simple Answer.
The Abingdon Virginian gires us a three
column dissertation on the tariff and the silver
question, and we should, perhaps, state a few
facts in reply. The question between us is
whether the founders of the Democratic party
were protectionists, and whether free and un?
limited coinage of silver is a Democratic prin?
ciple. We have not sufficient books of refer?
ence at hand to make the quotations we desire,
but by way of contrast we submit the following
extracts which happen to be within reach, and
which show the difference between the fathers
of Democracy and a few of our modern lead?
From Grovcr Cleve- Preamble to resolu
land's message Dec., [tion introduced in Con
1B87: gress by James Mndi
" Hut our present tariff son in l~s!J:
laws, the vicious,ineqnit- '"Whereas, Il i- neces
able and illogical source Bury for the support of the
>'f unneccessary taxation, government, the discharge
ought to be at once re- ,,f the debts of the United
vised ami amended. These State- und the encourage
laws, as their primary and mem and protection of
plain effect, raise the price [manufactures that duties
to consumers of all ar?i- be laid on '?'"od-. u.-ir"
clcs imported and subject und merchandise Import
to duty, by precisely the ed."
?um paid for such duties, j Message of James
Thus the amount. of the Madison to Congress
dutv measures the tax j. c, _ ... .....
paid by those who pur- fe,.after the ivar of
chase for use these im- toi?:
ported article-. Manv of ! uBut there is no Kiibji I
these things, however, are ihat can enter with greater
raised or manufactured in force and merit int.; the
our <?wii country, and the deliberations of Congress
duties now levied upon phan fa consideration of
foreign goods and pro* means to preserve and
duct* are called profee- promote the manufactures
tion to these home manu- {which have sprung into
facturcs, because thev existence and attained an
render it possible for those miparalleied ro a t u r i t j
of our people who are throughout the United
manufacturers to make States during the period
these taxed articles and M thfi European ware,
sell tbem for a price equal W*l* source of national in?
to that demanded for'the [d'-pi'iidcncc and wealth 1
imported goods that have anxiously recommend,
paid customs dutv. So it (Uicrcfore to the prompt
happens that, while crtm- a??d constant guardian
paralivelv a few use the *hip. ot Congress."
Imported* articles, mil- James Madison in a
Hons of our people, who letter to Joseph C.
neverti.se and never saw [Cabcll in 1828:
any of the foreign pro- \ further evidence of
duets purchase and tue U? Constitutional power
things <-f fa same kind 0f Congress to protect and
made in this country, and foster manufactures l?v
pay therefor nearly or regulations of trade?an
quite the same enhanced U-idence that ought to set
price which the duty adds flc tin- question?is tie
to the imported articles." uniform and practical
.sanction Riven to that
power tor near forty
n ft In 1821 William Cob
It. Q. Mills: betj published in Lon
M am for free trade L, fe j
Ditto, Breckinndge, ?n .;. . w . ?
t>, ,. in ! 1 orcut'tne s \\ orks. ,
Blackburn and Car- ? v ,, J, , .,1U
... , In \ ob 1, page M9, he
' 'says:
I "in his commercial re?
port (lTtm, Jeffersou
maintained tliat it is not
H,??. tt?.to foreign nations that the
enry Watterson, . k ?f An)erjca mma
another alleged lender, |(1(lk for a m,.,rkc for their
wrote over his own sig- products, but r.. their own
nature March 31., 1882, means ut Independence,
as follows: an(" the Ann will louse
uThe Democratic partv, t?e?i.__
except in the persons of j h> Vol. \ , page '?'< 15,
imbeciles hardly worth he again say-:
mentioning, i- not upon 'Meffcrson i- a French
the fence. // is a free, {man in everything but th<
tradt party or it is w>fh-mere accident or birth:
irtp. * * They make the the bates England, and the
issue fair and square and {principal -ehem.- ?.f hi
easily enough to give re- life is to exclude English
calcitrant.-a chance to get goods from ihe American
back, traitors a chance to market by prohibitory
pet oat ami coward- a J tariffs; but the fu.-hioijs
chance to get a place with- are against him."
out exposure. The black Again referring to
??? ^ <"'?" Jefferson. he say.-:
! **hi 17!?:: he and Iiis
Democratic clubs in-i-i ii;
forcing the States to man
. . , . ufacture everything for
Again in his paper a jfamsdves; be further hi
few days later, he sists on keeping up and
savs: Increasing the duties us the
'"?The Democrat who is manufactures advance."
not a free trader should ro j II. Vol. I, page 345,
elsewhere. He should he says:
join the Republicans. * ? "Madison i- but a mere
* * The Democratic tool of Jefferson and
party will make a tree Franklin: his seven reso
trade fight in 1884. Dem- lutions [in 1794] are in
ocrnts who can't go It {tended to drive Knglish
had better pick lip and get [goods out of the Americ an
out." market,and were written
hy Jefferson."'
From General Jack?
son's message to Con
Also March 20,1882, ?5f*J; m": ?
r Ihe power to imito.-<'
as follows: .hui.- on imports urigi
"T.ie conflict between na|iv belonged to the
free trade and protec tion, StatvSi Tnc viv,Ut u, ?d.
a tariff for revenue/>nly,'I jus, tnoM unties with a
and a protective tariff, is view ,? ,hc encourage
rreprefisible. The term [ment or domestic branches
brenne reform t* con- ?f |ndustrv is M, com
rertible and may j>? jpietelv identical with that
irorw, perhaps witl be pitW^ that it i- difficult
ieorv. fi* a maslbyjhe to suppose the existence of
apmtlc* ot the Acte fa one without the other;
Slaccni tvluch ho* re- TUt. Su,(.s iiaV(. d,,i^atc.,i
plaerd the Oh} it is,; their^hole authority over
therefore, like the Old {mportfl ,0 the general
Whig quiddities., .quivncal [goyernmeiil without limit
and misleading^ [atioti or restriction, sa>1ng
{the very inconsiderable
reservat ion relating to th"
i Inspection laws. This
_ . , , authority having thus eu
Here wc might make ?rely i.a:.s.-.l from the
numerous other ex- jstates. the right to exer
tracts from more in- Jciseit for the purpose of
fluential leaders, but protection doe- not e>.i-t
?t.? Vir. !"i them 'the States),
the. Abingdon \ xr- \ CO(l I( u ,?.
giman xvill not deny \uot posseswHl by tbegen
that those who have |cr?l government.it must
acquired control of the Jbe extinct. Our political
Democratic party are [system would thus pre
free traders. * rent me anomaly of a [m'o
jple stripped of tlie right
to foster their own Indus?
tries and to counteract t In?
most selfish and destruc?
tive policy which might
Jbe adopted by foreign na
jtions. This surely cannot
jbe the case; this indis
{peojdbi? power, thus sur?
rendered by the Stales,
must be withiu the scope
of the authority of the
subject expressly dele?
gated to Congress."
We have no edition of Jefferson's works at
hand to show the justice of Cobbett's charges.
But while we have the matter in hand let us
go further. From 1789 to 1847 wc had a pro?
tective tariff. From 18-17 to 1861 we almost bad
free trade. . Belles, iu his Financial History of
the United States, a high authority, referring
to the situation in the beginning of 1861,
"The revenue had withered away without concern,
the public indebtedness bad born increased, and
money could bo l-orrowed only a; very high rato?.
When Congress met in December, 180?. tho Treasury
wa* empty?bankrupt. Tlmre was no money to pay
the paliHc creditor* who were then pressing for pay?
ment. There wa? not money enough t^en to pay
memltcrs of Congres?. in the middle of January,
1861. General D:s. who had been appointed' Secretary
of the Treasury, wrote to tb? chairman of the Way*
and Mean* Committee, saying: *?Vitbin the last few
days the amount of over-due treasury notes presented
for redemption has exceeded the power of the Treas?
urer to place draft6 in payment on the Assistant
Treasurer at Xcw-Tork where toe holder? desired the
remittance to ho made, and an accumulation of War?
rants to tbo amount of *35fl.ono has occurred on this
j account on the Treasurer's hand* which he bas l?een
j unable to pay.' "
We have not the extracts at hand, but I'rosi
ident James Buchanan dwelt .upon the poverty
of the treasury, the ruin of manufactures and
the business depression throughout the coun?
try, in his message to Congress.
The MorriH Tariff Bill went into op?
eration in 1861-2, and when Mr. Cleve?
land came in office in 1885 the trou?
ble was what to do with the enormous surplus.
It was made the basis of a message to Con?
gress. We hare not Mr. Manning's report,
hut the present Committee of Ways and
Means made the following report:
'?W> are advised from the annual report "f the Sec?
retary of the Treasury that the ordinary re*"?nuesof
the government, actual and estimated, for the fiscal
year ending June 30, 13!?. will be $385.000.000, and
that the expenditures for the ->amo period, actual an-!
estimated, will be $293,000,000, leaving a surplus of
$92,000,000. The estimated amount required for the
sinking fund will 1>. *4?.:!21.11G.l?f?. leaving an *>-;i
mated net surplus of $43,678^883.01. Tlie excess of
revenues over expenses estimated for the fiscal year
ending June 30. 1*91. w< arc advised from the ^am<
source. ?i!I amount to $4.V'r>av*>22.30. which, with
the amount of ca-h now on ha;.?! and available,
reaching nearly $90,000,000, the committee believ<
will justify a reduction of the revenue in tlie sum con?
templated by this bill.''
It has been only within the past ten years
that the South began to derive great benefit
from the protective tariff, but let u-> see what
has been accomplished within the ten years:
Cotton mills in '80. 142
Cotton mills in "80. 346
Increase, 342 per cent.
Cotton comsutned iu *80, bales. 180,000
Cotton consumed in 's9. brtlr-s. 497,000
Increase, 17i per cent.
Pig iron produced in '80, ton-. 211,000
Pig iron produced in '89, tons. 1,306.000
Increase, 555 per cent.
Cos! produced in ,80, tons. 1,963,574
Coal produced in 'SO, tons.12.P47.ooo
I;ir.-. 50C2 l<*-r e.-m.
Value of product? in '80.$3^547,445
Value of products in '89 . 30,347.760
Increase, 818 per cent.
Every country in Europe, except England
and the Netherlands, has a high protective
tariff. On the 14th of May, 1882, Bismarck,
the greatest living statesman, in a speech be?
fore the German Reichstag, said.
"The success of the United Statt s in material devel?
opment is tli?' mo-t illustrious of modern time. The
American natiou lias not only successfully borne and
suppressed the most gigantic and expensive war of all
history, imt immediately afterwards disbanded its
army, found employment for all its soldiers and ma?
rines, paid off most of its debt, gave labor and
homes to all the unemployed of Europe ns fast as they
could arrive within it- territory;, and ?till by n system
of taxation so indirect as not t<? be perceived, much
Io>s felt. Beeaust it is my deliberate jndy'incnt
that tht prosjx r-'t;/ of America is mainly ft?> to it.
system of protectirt lavs I v.egt th?t Germany
has now reached that point where it is necessary
to imitat? the tariff system of the United States."
The Reichstag did increase the duties, and
now Germany is more prosperous than ever
before in its history. The increased duties did
not increase the price of the articles produced in
Germany, but they so stimulated German
manufactures that they are now sold in Lon?
don cheaper than Free-trade England can.sell
In regard to the free and unlimited coinage
of silver, we would like for our contemporary
to point to o single national Democratic plat?
form in the history of the party, or ;i single,
leading Democrat* previous to 1880 who advo?
cated such a policy. It is undemocratic: i: i
iujnrious; it is idiotic.
Democratic politician- since the war seem to
have entirely reversed the old established
principles of the party, ami they have done so
merely to secure places for themselves with?
out any regard whatever to the interests of flu
people. The doctrine on which the party
was originally established favored a protective
tariff, opposed an internal revenue und en?
dorsed the single gold standard for money.
Now, according to the alleged leaders, the
party opposes a protective tariff, favors an in?
ternal revenue tax and would have substituted
a fluctuating silver standard for the gold
And what amaze,- us is that these little po?
litical bosses have lured the masses of the
party from the principles of Jefferson and
i Madison and Jackson and led them to the
! stuliGcation of the most cherished doctrines
and traditions of the party.
The age of statesmen bus passed and the
age of the ring-master and the pettifogger has
come. They lash the recalcitrants as the cow?
boy lashes his cattle, keeping them in line and
compelling them to abandon all conviction and
independence of action. " Those who are
not free traders must take up their grip-sacks
ami walk," exclaims the lunatic of Louisville:
and no one has walked into more different
camps, has enlisted under more diverse colors,
or lias advocated more conflicting doctrines,
than he.
So far as we are concerned, wc snap our fin?
gers in the face of the whole scuttleship crew.
Our convictions were formed by study of the
authorities, and are not to be changed to meet
the wishes of the blatherskites of Congress or to
further the interests of Cobdcn Club agents
who frame some of our national platforms.
They have brought Democracy nothing but
disaster and disgrace,and we are willing to wait
for the masses of the party to discover the
frauds by which thev are tricked and the true
character of the quacks who have been leading
them by the nose.
TnK following stuff ha< been going the
rounds of the papers for the past month:
[Telegraphed to the Herald, j
IjOCisviuj;, Ky, Jan. 20, 1891.?News lias been re?
ceived of the murder and robbery of mall carrier. T. !
Smith, between Wbitesburg, Ky., and Big Stone (Jap.
Ya. The carrier had beeil missing since the recent
heavy snow in that region, but was not discovered
until Saturday. He had been shot tw ice and the mail
pouch robbed.
The Courier-Journal also publishes the above
from Catlettsburg, and also adds: ''There is
no clew to the doers of the deed. At present
the new carrier has a-guard of ten well-armed
men who make the trip with him.M
There is of course no truth in the statement,
and it is not known how it originated. Any
man with a one grain capsule of brains should
know that no mail contractor could afford to
hire ten men for a single mail bag from Big
Stone Gap to Whitcsburg.
-? ^ ,
Bead the dispatch from BirminghamTleserib
ing the activity in the iron business, and com?
pare the situation there with that which is
prevailing in the North where furnaces are
shutting down almost every day. Within the
next twenty years the ?South will be producing
niue-tenths of the iron made in the United
Subscribe for the Post. It is only $1.25
for twelve months and one dollar each for
clubs consisting of Jive or more.
Accoediko to the report of the Hardware
Market the prediction that the McKinley Bill
would increase the price of everything in sight,
was a mistake. The Chicago Journal gives the j
following list of prices of frying pans to in?
Jan., *90. Jan.. "91.
So. O, per dozen.$3 7." ?3 50
So. I, ** .* "? 3 75
LVo.1, ' >' .S SO 4 25
So. 3, " . 5 93 * 75
So. 4, u . 5 55 *? 25
No.;-., .7 50 6 00
So. <u " . 8 75 7 00
The market reports indicate further that near?
ly all hardware has fallen from 15 to 20 per cent
within twelvemonths.
THERE were no idlers in the war chariots dt
old, and there should not be any in big Stone
Gap. But there arc drones in every commu?
nity, who must be dragged along in the pro?
cession. Such clogs are incident to every pro?
gressive movement. But let us have as few of
them as possible. Attend the Commercial Club,
urge the Council to action, move along^
hustle. Let us all resolve to do our whole
duty and Big Stone Gap will present a difiVent
appearance this summer from what it did last.
Every man should determine what he can do
best find do it.
Till", construction of draining ditches should
bo pushed with all possible rapidity. The
efficient city engineer was very prompt in
doing his duty, now let the contractors go
ahead with all the force they can command, i;
will not cost them anv more nor even
as much, to put on a large number of men and
dr. the work quickly than it will to do it slowly,
while the health of the city requires thatit be
done at once. Tlie summer is not far off, and
the ditching has just been begun.
On? esteemed contemporary, the Cnnnells
ville Courier, is an enterprising journal, and
will it not oblige us by publisbingthe interview
which Mr. Atchison had with Mr. Frick
on Mr. Atchison's return from Big Stone Gap?
The conversation between ihem in regard
to the quality of our coke and the early pros?
pect of our knocking Connellsville out of the
market, would be interesting to a large circle
^?f reader*.
complaint has been made to the To?t that
all the animal.- that die in 'own are dragged
down to the rivet-side and allowed to lie ex?
posed without any effort being made either to
conceal them or prevent their orders from rill
j ing the atmosphere. These carcases should be
j carried further, and either thrown into the river
or buried. Otherwise we shall soon have the
! tainted odors of a battlefield in midsummer.
j The proceedings of the Commercial Club arc
becoming too monotonous. We are hearing
the same old speeches too often. It must ac?
quire new spirit and new activity. Tims far
j we have been dwadling. There has been no
action?nothing but talk. What we need is
j action?quick, decisive effective action. Let
us do something. If we can't come the re-re
let us craps and close the game.
We are not going to quarrel with the Roa
noke Herald. Let v do justice to Big Stone
(rap lo t. arter and all will be forgiven and for?
gotten. Roanoke is a good town. Next to
Big Stone Gap it is one of the most enterprising
and prosperous cities in the South, and all its
new-papers should be genial and happy.
Tiik Commercial club and the Bio Stoxe
j Post have received s..nie valuable public
documents from Hon. John A. Buchanan. The
iw.? large volumes of recent reports of the
I nited Staets Geological Survey are especially
nteresting and valuable.
Flow many more floods will the Council
allow to Lome and go before the dams are blown
out and the filthy, disease-breeding mud
washed away'.' Why nurse th<-se pestilential
spots within the city limits?
It is likely that the liquor license question
will come up for discus-ion in the Conmercial
Club Monday night. A large attendance is
Airy Tongues.
Mcissonier, who died the other day in Paris,
was perhaps the greatest of his contempora?
ries. His paintings were small in size, but
their accuracy and fulness of detail rendered
them gems of great value. It i> estimated
that the four hundred pictures, ?hieb were hi.-,
life work, were worth $10,000,000 before his
dentis, and their value will be greatly increased
now thut he has passed away. Several excel?
lent specimens of his work are owned in this
country. One of these which is well worth
study, is in the collection of Mr. II. Victor
Newcomb, a millionaire now living in New
York. It is the "Halberdier," a single figure
of a foot soldier of the time of Louis XIV,
stitf, erect, proud, in burnished armor and with
ready lance. Its harmonious and well-managed
color, its character, look and perfect tecnique
show how true the artist was to the military
instinct and how masterful and accurate was
Iiis touch. Physioligista have admired the per?
fect anatomy of this single soldier, only a few
inches in size, yet with every minute detail
complete, from the rough hide shoes to the pol?
ished steel casque.
Many .-lories were current in Paris .i few
years ago about Meissonier, illustrating his
lavish expenditure of money and bis capricious
freaks of fancy. When building bis bouse at
Poissy, a suburb of Paris, he tore it down
eight times: and when he then found he had
forgotten a stair-case he philosophically sub?
stituted a ladder. The building was adorned
with fountains, statues, conservatories, rich
upholstery, opulent coloring, soft, sensuous
figures in frescoe or on stained glass, but,
singularly enough, it did not contain a single
touch of his own brush. A lady observing
this, remarked: "I see beautiful things, M.
Meissonier?lovely gardens, delightful rooms, I
statues, flowers, books, rich hangings?but IJ
see none of your own pictures." "Ah! Madame," j
be exclaimed,"they are It* dear to allow me !
j to keeji them." And ther were too dear, some
of them bringing $50,000, und one, I believe, j
$75,000. He truly could not afford, as rich as
he was, to decorate his house with such orna- |
ments. The latter year- of his life were spent
! in Paris: and almost up to his death, which
!' must have spared him uutil seventy-four or
five, he was as energtic, impetuous and restless
as a boy.
When the Duke of Marlborough was at
Lexington his host, Major McDowell, who en?
tertains as charmingly as it is possible to, even
in that lovely and favored bluegrass rcgiou,
tf>ok him around to see a number of the famous
stables of the vicinity. Going to a particular
place where the proprietor is a busy man of
affairs, the Major, seeing that he was in his
shirt-sleeves, went ahead of the visiting party
to prepare him, and said:
"The Duke of Marlborough is coming, and I
want to present you to him and have him see
your place."
"All right," said the proprietor, but he didn't
move, and when the party came up, he simply
"Shake my elbow, Duke, my hands are
The explosion that followed can better be j
imagined than described,
And now it is a favorite form of salutation in
that Athens of the South and West.
* *
A member of the Appalachian Club recently
brought from New York colored lithographs of
those charming dancers, Carmencita and Otcro,
the one of Carmencita being about six feet
high, representing her in Spanish costume of
lace and appropriate accompaniments, with
Moorish head-dress of gold coins. Otero as?
sumes a piquant attitude, in her flouring lace
shawl over a short dress, and wears a jaunty
Spaniah hat. To he appreciated they must be
seen, and accordingly they will be risible to
the ladies at the reception to-night. Perhaps
Carmencita mar be seen in our own new opera
house next winter, as she is going upon the
road at the head of a company. I .shall not
try to give any description, of her brilliant
performance, as the Sew York Herald says no
word painter except Theophile Gautier should
attempt it.
./The bath-house erected on the bank of j
^Powell's River bv Mr. David Castleman for
the pleasure of thcyounjr ladies visiting here
last summer, was carried away by this week's
flood. -
A little bird that,'fron! his perch of vantage
on the large holly tree near by,enjoyed unus-,
ual opportunities for sight seeing, whispers to
'.tir Diana bathing
Bold ActCOn did *ee,
Bat lie would have fared bettor
If be had been with me.
And as the fun progressed.
I softly piped 'encore,'
For. old man. I came ucar Hying
Into that bath-house on the shore.
*\V dainty, sky-blue?"
"Hold on. little birdie," said T.'.is he began
to mak< : y head whirl and <r'-t me mixed up,
j "there are some things that even you should
not tell, but you may sing your last verse ofj
early spring poetry."
uYe dreamy men ?.f science,
Why ?Train yon- eager eyes
In gazing nr the planets
Thai d,-i k the distant ?kies?
There are beauties on our river ? ?
N'ot dreamed of in your lore.
And a *. lescope is notbiag
To a hath-ho e on the shore."
* * j
The series of 4,Xew Hooks," issued by the
Lippencotts, on tinted paper, duodecimo, arc I
not all nr-?.- books. Some of the foreign novels
are already classic at home, however new to '
the American reader. ''Carmen/' by Pros- i
per Merimee, uns published in France many
years ago. The recent opera, dramatized from
this novel, did give immediate cause for its
rcpublicntion in America. Prosper Merimee
has realized in "Carmen "a character almost
wholly ideal, yet so elegant and artistic is his
work that the most romantic incidents and ex?
pressions of thought seem a natural part of
the Spanish-gypsy life he so minutely de?
scribes. The creation of a character like
Carmen is a test of genius as absolute as the
creation of Mignon. Purity of art alone makes
the lawless nature of Carmen respected, at
least grateful to the fancy. The fiery particle
of love in her, wayward as it is, suggests the
warm genius of the author, and what is lost in
the way of strict morality is gained in admi?
ration of an untamed nature and fierce spirit.
The book unites a number of qualities rarely
existing in one author. It is romantic, yet
filled with a background of literal description.
Besides a character, Merimee has pro?
duced a picture of Spanish and Gypsy
manners, ideas and customs as instructive as
! To the same series belongs ''Madeleine." by
Jules Sandeau. It was crowned by the French
j Academy. The couverson of a young roue and
idler, by the simplicity and earnest, practical
j life of a girl, who becomes his guardian angel
j is told by the love story. The conditions of
i life and motives of conduct are thoroughly
French. Chaste style with chaste matter
doubtless secured it the honor from the Acad?
emy, as it is rather from those qualities, than
I from brilliancy, that it pleases.
' * *
j Certain restrictions which have been put on
I the diversions of our young men are salutary
and timely. The impetuosity and play of
i youth must need be curbed, and 1 am glad
! there are sufficient conservatism and courage
' in tiie older element of the town to put on the
I breaks. In this connection I will trv to recall,
: as accurately as my memory will permit,
j Thackery's commendation of Mr. Parties New
come's habits and methods, which, though a
trifle lax, are not unworthy of imitatation by
our youth if they are determined to be boys.
Mr. Xewcome, according to the chronicler, was
careful to protect himself against the reproach
of a life misspent. He attended to business with
reasonable fidelity; he attended church every
Sunday, always dressed for dinner, never kept
tradesmen waiting for their money, and rarely
j drank too much and then only in good com
\ pany. Sonn- day he thought he would marry a
virtuous, sensible girl with wealth: and mean?
while he determined to take his pleasure de?
corously and not sow his wild oats after the
j fashion of the scatter-brain youth of bond'.:),
j but trimly and neatly, in quiet places where the
; crop could come up unobserved ami b<- gath
j ered without bustle or scandal. At play, for I
; am ?orry to say he did play, he was conserva?
tive, kept the stakes down and quit at a proper
hour. Better had he not sported in any way
I it is true, but if he must sport, he did so ,
j among gentlemen only, and be kept away from
i the Captain Rooks and the rougher element
I who lie in wait for pigeons and pluck them,
! sometimes taking a handful of feathers at a
! clip.
-?* -?>- ?
He Says the Free Coinage Itill is Being
Smothered, and lie is Disgusted.
Washington,Feb. 12?The Chairman of
the House Coinage Committee presented
this morning a request from the Chamber
of Commerce of New York for a bearing
on the Silver bill next Thursday. 'I he re?
quest was granted. The Chamber of Com?
merce proposes to send a committee here
consisting of Abrain S. Hewitt, Carl
Schur/., and others. A vote was then
taken on the motion pending yesterday to
strike out that hearings close Thursday
next. It resulted adversely to Mr. bland
by 8 to 4. A motion by Mr. Walker to
hold evening sessions on Tuesday. Wed?
nesday, and Thursday of each week was
then carried.
Air. Bartine said he was entirely satisfi?
ed that there would not be any report from
the committee in rime for action by the
I House during the present seasion. For
I that reason it was simply that much time
! and labor lost. He gave notice that he
should consider himself absolutely at
liberty to take advantage of every oppor?
tunity to bring the matter before the
House. Mr. bland said he considered the
bill as smothered. Mr. Bland's remarks
annoyed his opponents, for there was a
chorus of dissenting opinions from Mr.
Yaux. Mr. Tracy. Mr. Walker, and others.
Mr. bland, without raking notice of these
interruptions, said: "I say the bill is now
smothered by a vote of this committee."
He then picked up his hat and left the
room, and Mr. Bartine, a moment later,
did the same.
Mr. Williams, of Illinois, made a motion
that the Chairman ask unanimous consent
from the House for permission to sit dur?
ing the sessions of the House. It was
carried by the vote of every member of
the committee except Mr. Walker, who
gave notice that he should object in the
Aouse to unanimous consent. Before ad?
journment a protest against further silver
legislation,signed by seventy-nine mem?
bers of the Chicago Board of Trade, was
presented. The protestauts say they be?
lieve further legislation would tend to re?
tard the increasing confidence of the busi?
ness world.
Subscribe for the Post. Jt m only $1.2,5
for twelve months and one dollar each for
clubs consisting office or more*
Another Baltimore Mhu Beats the Baby
Namiiisr Business and Gets in His Work.
Baltimore, Fel>. U.?Some time ago a
number of ladies interested in charity
had their attention called to the destitu?
tion of a family in Southwest Baltimore.
The mother said the father drank and
neglected his five children. Some of the
ladies induced the man to reform. He
went to a well-known minister and made
all sorts of promises, declaring that he
.was tired of the life he bad led, and say?
ing that be wanted tu turn over a new
I leaf. He told the minister that he was
not married to the woman who bore his
children, aud asked for advice. His chil?
dren were grov.iirg up, and, he said, had
never been christened. Hi thought his
reform would be complete if he could have
them baptized.
; All the ladies were very much gratified
and made arrangements to have the par?
ents married and the children christened.
They bought and made the little ones
clothing, gave them money, and rigged
out the parents in new clothes. After the
wedding was celebrated and the children
christened something about, the man'sac
| tions induced the minister to look up his
j record. The investigation disclosed the
fact that the nan and woman had been
married nineteen tiroes, and the children
|had been christened twenty-nine times.
They would live in one section of the city
! long enough to get a good start in the
! world by getting married and having the
; children christened. Then they would
move to another locality and go through
the same performance. They were al
; ways married under a different name.
The Story That the Kentucky Outlaw \va*
Captured in California Denied by a
man who Claims to Know
Where hf is.
fMiddlesborongb Democrat.)
A man who resides in Harlan county,
on Clover Fork, one of the tributaries of
Cumberland river, was in town on busi
j ness and a reporter of the Democrat, who
I met him. incidentally remarked: "J see
; rhey have caught Wilson Howard out in
California.'" At this remark the gentle?
man smrbd and replied: "They say so,
but it is all a fake. Wilson Howard has
never been in California." He was final?
ly persuaded to tell what he knew, under
promise not to reveal his name. He said:
The Howards are an extensive family and
a good deal of feeling has been wrought
up over the trouble in Harlan. I am not
in anv way concerned in these feuds, and
don't want to be brought into them. I
wiM say lir-t that Wilson Howard is still
in Harlan. In fact, he has never been
out of it. as he recently informed me.
He is there now, but only myself and some
of his special friend-know of his hiding
place. I discovered it purely by accident.
About two weeks ago I went turkey hunt?
ing up on Black Mountain, which divides
Harlan county from Virginia. It is the
highest mountain in those parts, and wild
and rugged in the extreme, being but lit
j tie inhabited.
j I struck a number of turkey tracks in
i the .-now as I was going up a ravine and
followed them to the top. 1 was startled
; by the crack of a rifle just ahead, and
heard the flock of turkeys sailing over my
head and down the mountain. Thinkiug
some other fellow was out hunting too, I
advanced about two hundred yards and
ran onto Wilson Howard, who had just
j picked up a turkey that he had killed out
lot" the flock. 1 knew him at a glance, and
he recognized me.
I "Hello, Wils!" I exclaimed.
"Hello yourself; what are you doing up
here?'' he replied.
I explained matters and he laughed at
me about driving the turkeys to hi-st md.
He picked up the gobbler, w hich was a
very fat one, and remarked:
"I'm not keeping open house for the
public just at present, but if you will ac?
cept my hospitality you are welcome to
the best I have. I know you are an hon?
est man ami have always been friendly to?
ward me. I don't believe you would ex?
pose my retreat."
I assured him that I would not, and fol?
lowed him. Turning into a wild, deep
gor^e, lie walked some distance over the
rough rock-. It was the wildest,roughest
place; I ever saw and 1 was raised in the
mountains. ,We crossed a little ridge and
descended into another narrow, rough
gulch. All at once he-topped and smiled,
raying: "There is my house." 1 could
see nothing but rooks and clumps of
mountain ivy clinging to them.
I asked: "Where? I don't sire anv
house." He smiled again, and taking a
step forward pulled aside a clump of ivy,
revealing an entrance to a cave, which I
had not .-eon, though standing within ten
feel of it. I followed him into the open?
ing, which was about three feet wide and
seven feet high. At a distance of thirty
feet from the opening the passage turned
[ to the right. Striking a match, Wils
j took a lantern from the side of the wall
j and lighted it. He then went ahead some
' distance ami we emerged info a large
room, which was lighted by three lamps.
In the center was a table, and at one side
a gasoline stove for rooking. An old ne?
gro man was preparing dinner. A ham of
venison was lying on a rock shelf, and
there was enough provisions of ail kinds
to start a Count ry store.
Following him a short distance we en?
tered another big room, through which
flowed a .stream of clear, cold water.
Crossing this the way led up an incline
ami we merged into a vast chamber that
flashed and dazzled like a million electric
lights. It was the most wonderful place I
I ever .-aw. Wils explained that the lime
crvstals.refiecfed the light, making them
I look like diamonds. He also showed me
long, slender rocks hanging down from
the ceiling, and white as snow. He said
they were pure onyx, like that found in
the cave at Cumberland Gap. Turning to
me, he said: "Here I have been living ever
since I wa.- reported to have left Harlan.
The hovs come once in awhile and bring
me a little 'moonshine' and other things I
need. I have plenty of arms and ammuni?
tion, and could stand back in the passage
and whip a regiment, if attacked. I often
go out hunting to get a little fresh air.
1 would rather stay here than be cliased
around by detectives."
Returning to the first room we sat down
?to a good meal of biscuits, coffee, butter
and venison. During the meal we talked
over all the Harlan trouble, and when I
left Wils said:
"You are welcome to come here to sec
me any time, but be careful. Dead men
tell no tales."
1 assured him that it would be impossi?
ble for a regiment of men to discover his
retreat, and that I would not divulge it.
I took another slug of "moonshine" under
my belt and we talked all evening. Wils
had lots of newspapers, and ull the articles
about him were marked. He laughed over
the account of how he had been seen at
this or that place. I staid with him and
we hunted together three days, killing two
deer, six turkeys aud a wild-cat.
Subscribe for the /-W. It h only $1,20
forticdeemouth * and one dollar each for
clubs cmisitthjtg of five or more.
Death of James Phclan.
WAsmxirrox, Feh. 12-Jamea Phelan, memtor ot
Congress from the Memphi* district ol Tennessee,
died at Nassau, New Providence, Jan. 20, ot con?
sumption. He had goue lu Nassau in November, in
hope of deriving some benefit from that climate. The
laxly reached Now York ou the same steamer
that brought the flrat new* 0f bis death.
big STONE CAP \ v
_ ? *
Conr??> in Ancient roxi M . -
M&tHrmatic? ?nd Science?
A lull pr??p.iraf Jon ?}??? r. |
under a skiii.-ii a**i?f*;i!. ?? . . ?
th<? plempnt* of an Kn/!i?!.
?nd individual attention a {
VCm. II. I'.i -c.
Miss S. F Ki
i:. ?!.?:/ of Musical tnd Pri
OF BIG STOXE < ? ..;
Tlio Second TVrm of i. ? -
u.try 5tb, 1891. I i,.- fol
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