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The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, June 05, 1891, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87060150/1891-06-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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NO. 42.
Of IMS l"V.Ht?
r ihe South*? Rwourc??.
usurer's Record of thi^vcek
^.orHt. rcvicwof .hc South
.cefl i,v lion. Edward At km
' ],',.,! on Ids recent trip
It is the ?,est arti
;',!? upon the South by Mr.
e sars that it may almost
f * h]m to deal at .such
purees of the South,
aMiftc*??oU is f???d i? the
W,. the very heart of tbc
of ,bc United Slates .s an
, Urge as France, endowed
iricu resources and with a
!lhan alm0Rt any other s.m
in the limits ol our common
; , vc,. 8pareelvset,.M,
? ?,? .s, sc.rcclj too*.
,?apeop.o. The Mme 1?.
savs for men to comprehend
;s ? our doora^very large
I unoccupied territory capn
Dade the homes oi null.ons
a?d industrious tam.l.es.
ri,orv capable of supplying
and vegetables in almost
bundance, where yet a large
liu meal are imported
.: Mr. Atkinson confines
?ly to the great Appalachian
South fron, the Potomac to
ia,a?d from the Piedmont
Blue Grass district of Ken
is section he says : " One
months instead of days in
rations. Even then, unless
jxtended beyond a twclve
alf the story migbt he told.
?rk of exploration has been
t U) rears, the half has not
I 0f this imperial series of
al and probably of iron, to
? the other resources of this
loulhland. Almost any at
a<t the future of this part
n country becomes a mere
hole area is so much e!e
e level of the sea as to be
c a white man's country,
i nu<\ plateau section pos
nte in which any kind of
crforined by white or black
portions of the area de
-hul.lv to he found the best
?limate, of soil, of humidity
nd of all the other elements
ake stalwart men and wo
Referring to the coal and iron resources
of this area, which covers about 250,000
square miles, Mr. Atkinson says that it is
about equal to the rombined area s of Eng?
land, Wales. Scotland and Belgium, a half
oi Prance and a half of Germany, which
are the main sources of the iron produc?
tion of Europe. It any one would fully
comprehend the future industrial dcvclop
Iment of the area which I have hounded
and described in this country, let him
draw mup* of each 2.">0,000 square miles
as I have described each section, on the
lame scale (of course eliminating the
British channel and North sea), then set
oil'London and Liverpool against our own
great seaboard cities; lay one map on the
Other and stick a pin through the points
over the European area where the great
centers of industry are now established;
remove the map of Europe, and rind the
perforation in the map of our own terri?
tory; then imagine, if possible, what the
i conditions will be at or near those points
a liable generation hence. Are not the
mountain? of iron ore and the mines of
cial, the tru?- loadstone to which all forms
I of industrial energy are attracted? At a
Itew points the crystallization has begun,
hut as vet it is onh a beginning, and one
may not vet venture to predict where the
processes will go on most rapidly More?
over in European irou countries large
Quantities of ore have to be drawn from
Sweden and Spain. European railroads
hare largely been built to serve war pur?
pose*. Southern railroads wholly in the
i Interests of peace and for the distribu
\ iiouo! the abundance which makes for
I human welfare. In Europe, passing from
I "re*?t Britain into France, from Prance
I through Belgium and Luxembourg to Ger
I many, and taking into view the condition
I of Spain, would not one tind every possi?
ble obstruction that could be placed in
the way by difference of race, creed and
condition, lay national animosity, accom?
panied by a burden cd* debt five times as
great a* that which now rests upon us?
1'oeyit not require the product of the
?ork of one man occupied in the pursuits
of peace tu support every idle soldier in
Camp or barrack*, waiting for the spark
hv which war and resolution maybe en?
gendered at any moment? Is*not the
border of each country an armed camp'.'
Are not all the railways laid out more for
coutingencicg of' war than for the
?ervice of peace"; In passing over the
iron and coal areas of Europe, should we
"ot litid diminishing supplies of coal and
iron ore?
fcu much tor the vision which every one
roay mdulge who chooses to lav down
lines upon the map, and who mav at
Wt to forecast the future of the "sec
J'Ott of this country of which 1 have given
?eboundaries. With respect to the re?
cces ol the South, it needs oulv a trip
?i t?o weeks, or even less, to prove the
existence of almost unlimited supplies of
,c ? h, kaolin arid glass sand, irou ore,
co?J, manganese aud salt, to sav nothing
? "^co* the metals of less importance,
^al.orca aud timber exist iu such abun
a*?ce a? t0 mgfc? th? qllegtlon ouii cf tnc
WVWj and of the relative quality of
l?e ?appbes rather than of tbelr abun
touck and of their existence. The com
potuioii is no longer to bud coal in ex
""iveabuBdance. it now consists in a
nentjly rivalry among those who possess
21 C<T *8*? will make the stroug
e?t m riebest coke. It 1b no longer a
Muejtion of the existence oi iron ore in
JMo masses as to make the number of
i * matter of no present consequence,
*?? pending question is which ore is thc
wntjt or the pure,t or the best in its
*UUttbou for immediate use. In respect
abUf gb'gratJe yre8' w,lich mav be su5t*
,.y ror conversion into BeBsenier steel,
eJ!?? nger a question whether they
81 itt Pakets only or in great veins; in
cither event there is enough in Bight and
rn close proximity to cool to assure the
immediate establishment of the manufac?
ture oi steel at manv points. It is no
longer a question whether or not basic
steel can tic made in ihe Southern pan of
the iron section; it is onlv a question
w hether the right men have'taken hold of
j the matter or not, and whether the right
method is being adopted, and of that there
J can be little doubt. The surface onlv has
! been snatched. The supply of hardw-ood
Mimber ?V endless, and in the limestone
country as soon as the trees are cut awav
the I?lue-grgs8 comes in. In Virginia \v*e
saw the largest herd of registered short
honied cattle that there is in the world,
whose progeny are being scattered
I throughout the blue-grass country. The
potential in wool on these plains and
mountains rests not upon protectiou
against the wool of South America or
Australia, but merely upon the protection
of the sheep against the dogs.
It may be deemed extravagant to sug
|jgest, but one cannot help believing that
when a sufficient population, endowed
with thrift and intelligence, shall occupy
the valleys and plateau of this section,
the potential in w heat production of this
section may be equal to the supplv of nil
the wheat that the people of this country
now consume. One needs onlv to view
Ihe valleys of the Shenandoah, the Roan
oke valley, the 1(1,000 square miles of the
Boealled ,lblue-grass" in Keutuckv, ihe
Powell river valley, and the manv' lime?
stone valleys and plateaus which are
traversed in other parts of this section, to
accept even this forecast as only perhaps
a little too sanguine or roseate in its term's.
Mr. Atkinson says that the natural re?
sources of the plateaus and mountains
ate so great as to' actually constitute a
disability which may for a time stand in
way of Ihe arts on which success depends
upon the saving of a fraction of a cent on
each pound or each yard, and in which a
very large capital must not only be ex?
pended, but constantly maintained in
order to sei one man or woman at work.
In closing his paper, he says:
When eacii Southern boom town begins
with the foundation of a public library
and an art museum alongside the iron
furnace or the workshop; when each prin?
cipal city provides centers for technical,
manual and university training coinci
(dently with the upbuilding of the factory
and the steel works, then we of New Eng?
land may begin lo feel some distrust of
our ability to set up two new establish?
ments tor the conduct of the finer indus
jtiial work for everyone of the cruder
branches that is transferred from us, cr
that is set up elsewhere, from which we
may procure our necessary material. We
are now engaged in a friendly eonlest, in
which each community, each section and
each State may attain the greatest" meas?
ure of prosperity by the exchange of ser?
vice in that commerce in which both par?
ties make a profit.
Mr. Atkinson believes that the purely
speculative town lot operations of irre?
sponsible companies has passed uway, and
that the future development of this sec?
tion is to be on a solid, conservative
Pope Leo's Generosity ? The Demands
t pon ills llolinesfl?Pupal Resources?
The Peter's-Peuce Fund.
Komi:, June 3.?The Pope is taking
steps to secure greater economy of ex?
penditure at the Vatican. He has ap?
pointed a commission consisting of three
cardinals charged to do their utmost to
effect a reduction in expenses. It is be?
lieved to be the first time since Scxtus V*.
that a Pope has interfered in the consti?
tution of the congregations of Rome.
From a financial point of view the propos?
ed reductions in expenses are probably
due to the increased demands upon the
Holy See. The misery in Italy and the
effects of the national bankruptcy on the
funds of the Vatican have considerably
augmented extraordinary expenses.
Everybody asks money of the Pope. Then,
again, the work of the Holy See is con?
tinually increasing. Leo XIII. has creat?
ed at Pome, and especially in the mission
fields, special undertakings, which require
much money. The crusade against slave
ry has absorbed considerable sums. The
Pope is lavish in his endowments of
schools, the sciences, and benevolent
agencies. Leo XIII. is not so liberal to
persons as was Pius IX., but to causes of
general interest his generosily borders on
Tilt: rdl'E's KKSOL'RCES.
It is impossible to estimate now how
much the Pope gives privately. His re?
sources are difficult to enumerate. Even
the administrators of St. Peter's Pence
itself do not know the exact receipts and
expenditures of the Pope, because Leo
XIII. receives directly the greatest sums
from the Bishops and the laity. Part of
this money is devoted to extraordinary
work and expenses and part goes towards
increasing the secret fund reserved for
future needs. Imitating Sixtus V., Leo
XIII. wishes to leave to his successor a
tresoro ponti?co lor exceptional circum?
stances, as war, exile, or penury. It is
asserted that this fund has absorbed
thirty million francs of the sums received
bv him on the occasion of his Sacerdotal
Jubilee in 1887.
The average amount received annually
by the Pope in St. Peter's Pence is be?
tween eight and nine million francs.
There has been some falling off in the
amount received from France, due, as it is
thought ut the Vatican, to the education?
al laws, which weigh heavily on the
French people. But this has been more
than counterbalanced by the increase of
contributions from many other countries.
The United States now contributes more
than France to this fund, sending annual?
ly $200,000. Belgium comes next after
France, then Holland, Spain, Germany,
and last of all, Italy.
It seems highly improbable that the
Pope will ever accept the Bum assured
him bv the Italian Government in the
"uarantee law, as it would be an admis?
sion of dependence. The system of St.
Peter's Pence has become a permanent
insiifcution and promises to be sufficient
for all Papal needs.
jay Gould Reported to be Hauimerlns
L. & N. Stock to buy It up.
Nkw Youk, June 4.?It is believed in
Stock circles here that the decline in L.
& N. is due to a movemeut on the part of j
Jay Gould to beat the stock down, then
get control of it with a view to a partial
consolidation at least with the E. T. Va.
Si Ga. It is understood that he has been
nursing this scheme since his visit South
last winter.
What one of the liest Mineral Experts
In the World has to any aliout
Our Orr*.
?HUdtaborongli fitter.)
Mr. A. A. Arthur is in receipt of the
following very complimentary letter from
MrtJtio. H. Darby, of Wrcxham, Wales,
one of the greatest mining experts in the
world, nnd recognized by his associates as
being one of the most experienced iron
and steel men who visited thi* countrp in
October last:
"BttYMEO, nea? Wrexiiam.
A. A. Aiithi'is, Esq., Blomfield House,
New Broad St.. E. C.
My Dear Sir?In reply to your letter of
the 23d inst., I was very pleased indeed
with the fossil ore mines which I visited
with Professor Proctor and Mr. Monks
when in Middlesborough last October.
W hat specially struck me about them was
the system with which every!hing was
carried out; the arrangements' that were
in course of completion were, I thought,
better than any I had seen in the States
for the ultimate cheap working of a large
quantity of iron ore. I do not see what
there is to hinder Messrs. Watts & Co.
making steel by the basic process with
the ore they have at their disposal. I
should be very glad to have ore of this
quality so near to me in England, and
capable of being as cheaply mined as
the fossil ore I saw near Cumberland Gap.
Allow me again to thank you for the
kindness that you showed me when I vis?
ited Middlesborough.
Yours very truly,
John Ii. Dakdy."
There is no doubt of the fact that the
ores nearer Big Stone trap are superior to
those here described. En. Tost.
Sensational A flair in Louisville Among
Society Bloods that Did Not Result in
a Duel.
(Louisville Special m Cincinnati Enquirer.;.
A sensational story has been quietly
suppressed which involves the Ward Mc?
Allister, of Louisville, and a prominent
society gentleman of Chicago in a horse?
whipping affray, and may result in a duel
between the blue-blooded antagonists.
The principals in the affair are Mr. James
Ileth, son of a prominent Chicago grain
operator, and Mr. Douglass Sherley,
author and society leader of this city.
For several years past Mr. Ileth has
been devoted in his attentions to a prom?
inent society young lady, whose beauty
and wealth have made her a belle in all
the Western and Southern cities, and it is
reported that he has pressed his suit so
successfully that the wedding dav has
been set. About a week ago Mr. Hcth
came to Louisville and went direct to
Pewee Valley, where the young lady is
visiting relatives. While there a malic?
ious gossip attributed to Mr. Sherley a re?
mark that ascribed to a temporary illness
of the young lady a most insulting cause.
Mr. Ileth at once announced his inten?
tion of avenging the insult, and although
the family used every effort to dissuade
him he declared that he intended to carry
his threat into execution the following
day. Accordingly on Monday evening
last he came to the city. Accompanied
by Messrs. W. P. Johnson and Sidney
Muir, said to be relatives by marriage of
the young lady, and with them repaired
to Mr. Sherley's residence. Mr. Heth's
card was handed to Mi'. Sherley, and that
gentleman in response walked boldly into
the parlor. As he faced Mr. 'Hcth the
latter raised a cowhide, which he carried
in his hand, and struck Sherley a sting?
ing blow across the face, leaving a livid
brand from temple to chin. Before the
blow could be repeated Mr. Sherley blind?
ly grappled with the assailant, and the
two fell together, with Heth's hand
clutching the Eentuckian's throat and Ihe
cowhide plying like a liail upon the hitler's
back. At this point the two friends in?
terfered and stopped hostilities, assuring
Mr. Heth that his object had been ac?
complished and i hat Mr. Sherley should
be left to take any further steps, either
for retraction or action for satisfaction.
Mr. Sherley has placed flic matter in
the hands of Hon. Henry Watersoi md
Dr. David W. Vandell, with the req st
that a public apolog or a hostile meeting
be demanded, while Mr. Heth has refused
to make an apology, and designated Wil?
liam P. Johnston, a prominent tobacco
dealer, and Ex-Consul-General Warren
Green, son of President Norvin Green, to
act for him.
KISSKn and mapk up.
At 1 o'clock this morning the following
correspondence, waich had been prepared
for ihe belligerents, was formally signed:
Louisville, May 2!), 18!H.
Mv Dear Sin: On Monday, acting under
excitement and a misconception of some
of the facts of the case, I made an as?
sault upon you. 1 am now satisfied that
I acted hastily. Meanwhile, you have
done all that one gentleman could ask or
expect of another. 1 . therefore wfsh to
say that I regret my precipitancy and hope
you will blot the circumstance out of your
memory. Very respectfully your obedient
servant. j? B. IIktii.
To Mr. George Douglass Sherley.
LorisviLu;, May :2!*, 1691.
My Dkak Sin: Your favor of the 2Dth is
before me. It affords me pleasure to
answer it in the spirit in whiah you write.
Having proffered my readiness to make all
amends. 1 felt your letter was duo me.
Your explanations are satisfactory, and
constrain me to say that 1, too, acted
hastily and under excitement, but for
which, on both sides, the unfortunate oc?
currence might have been avoided. I
will, sir, forget the circumstance.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant.
Geouce Douglass Sue ulk v.
To Mr. J. B. Heth.
Another Account.
(Louisville Truth.)
Although the unpleasant affair be?
tween Mr. Dougla's Sherley and Mr. Heth,
of Chicago, has been amicably settled, it
is still the talk of society. Various ac?
counts of the trouble have appeared in the |
papers, aud Mr. Heth's friends think that
he has been greatly misrepresented in these
accounts. His version of the case, related
to Truth by a friend of his yesterday, is
this: "Mr. Heth, when he first heard of the
remark alleged to have been made by Mr.
Sherley, was in Pewee Valley spending the
dav with some friends. As soon as he
reached the city on last Monday morning
he immediately wrote Mr. Sherley, saying
he desired to see bim on some very import?
ant business, and asked bim to appoint an
hour and place for their meeting. This
Mr. Sherley did by note, naming 4 o'clock
as the hour and his residence, at Third and
Chestnut, as the place. Mr. Heth called
at Mr. Sherley's house at that hour, in
company with Mr. William P. Johnson and
Mr. Sidney Muir, and there found Mr.
Sheriey and Mr. John Jacob, whom he in?
vited to lie present at the interview. Mr.
Heth immediately demanded an apology
for the remark he had made, and also de?
manded to know his authority for it. Mr.
Sheriey replied that his authority was a
lady relative, whereupon Mr. Heth insist?
ed (hat Mr. Sheriey should find out from
this lady her authority as he, of course,
could not hold a lady responsible for the
After some more heated words Mr. Heth
said that if Mr. Sheriey did not find at once
the authority for the remark and tell him
he would hold him personally responsible.
Whereupon the latter said: "You can hold
me responsible.' As soon as he uttered
these words Mr. Heth drew a cowhide and
struck Mr. Sheriey four or five times with
it. They were then separated by the gen?
tlemen present. Mr. Heth retired to one
of the back parlors in company with Mr.
Muir. while Mr. Johnson demanded that
Mr. Sheriey go ut once to the young lady
with him and apologize, which he did. The
gentlemen all left the house together, and
the statement that Mr. Sheriey threw Mr.
Heth out of the front door is utterly false
and untrue."
The Moses of To-Day on Russia's Perse?
cution of the Hebrews.
Paris* France, June H.?Barou Hirsch
in an interview to-day with an Associated
Press correspondent in regard lo his plans
for the amelioration of the Hebrews in
Russia said:
"The measures now enforced against
the Hebrews in Rossia are equivalent to a
wholesale expulsion of the race from the
Russian Empire. Thc fact docs not ap?
pear to me to be altogether a misfortune
for the Rassian Hebrews. The worst
thing that could happen to them would be
to continue for an indefinite period the
wretched existence which they have hith?
erto led in crowded, narrow streets. The
only hope of improving their condition is
to transport them to other countries
where they may enjoy the same rights
as Ihe people among whom they live.
They will then cease to be pariahs and
will become citizens.
"What is going on in Russia to-day may
be the prelude to this beneficial transfor?
mation. Therefore, while we are filled
with horror at?the atrocities committed,
let us hope to derive from them some ad
vnntage for the unfortunate victims of
oppression and facilitate their expatria?
tion, which is their only means of salva?
"It is true that Hebrews have lived and
labored for ages in the Russian Empire,
and that they have consequently acquired
an incontestable right to ttie soil on which
they live: but this is a matter of pure
theory anil does not prevail in thc slight?
est degree against Ihe indomitable will of
a government like that of Russia, which
is persuaded that thc Hebrews ought not
to be tolerated within the limits of the
empire, and that their presence there is
literally a desecration of the soil of that
country. This is the deep-seated convic?
tion which exists among Russian states:
"This conviction does not arise merely
from race antipathies, but is based upon
religious belief. In proof off his it may
be mentioned that dissenters from the
orthodox faith arc liable to measures an?
alogous to those now enforced with such
rigor against the Hebrews, though of a
less violent nature.
"In the presence of this principle of
exclusiveness, transformed into a dogma,
in my opinion all endeavors to moderate
the resolution of the Russian Govern?
ment in regard to the Hebrews will ine?
vitably fall."
The Press of Kentucky Severely Con
ricinus His Attack on McKenzie.
(Hopkhisville Kcntuckian.)
There is no doubt that Senator Black?
burn, smarting under McKonzie's scath?
ing but ill-timed criticism, meant to be
offensive. This is clearly proven by the
unwritten history of the affair that occur?
red after the convention adjourned that
night. Senator Blackburn, it is said,
while drinking in a bar-room, publicly
expressed his intention to slap Mr. Mc
Kenzie's jaws on sight. Nobody believed
that such a feat would be attempted, but
his bloviations served at least to show
that the enemy of Grover Cleveland had
been hit in a tender place and hit hard.
A Great Mistake.
(Richmond Register.)
Joe Blackburn made a great mistake
when he jumped on Jim McKenzie in the
State convention and accused him of be?
ing drunk. People who live in glass
houses should throw no stone?; and sena?
tors who fall out of their buggies and
dislocate their shoulders should make no
eh a rges.
I'rutal und Uncalled For.
(Stanford Journnl.)
This brutal and uncalled-for intimation
that McKenzie was drunk aroused that
gentleman to fever heat, and he was say?
ing that no man could deliberately insult
him, w hen the chair rapped him down and
refused to hear him further. An un?
pleasant scene was perhaps averted by the
action of the chair, but many thought it
exceedingly unfair to McKenzie. It is
said had he been given a chance he would
have said, among other things, that the
charge of drunkenness came with very
bad grace from a man who notoriously
had not drawn a sober breath for twenty
years. Senator Blackburn is clever and
impulsive, but he made no friends by his
unkind thrust at a man in every way his
Will Yet Make a Mistake.
(Bnrdstown Iteeoru.)
Spoiled Joe Blackburn didn't have
present at the convention a small, deli?
cate, weak man whose ear he could pull,
so he, without provocation, assailed Jim
McKenzie while his hands were tied by
Chairman Long. Blackburn has been
spoiling for a fight for a long time now.
He will yet be accommodated if he per- |
The Act of a Ruffian.
(Princetou Banuer.)
It was characteristic rather of the
bravado and ruffian than that of a digni?
fied United States Senator. It shows bad
policy in any man who has, in a manner,
been'druuk for twenty-five years, to cast
stones at a neighbor who is under the in?
fluence of liquor. Whether Mr. Black?
burn's charges were true or not, his inti?
mation would have been contemptible in
a constable's race, much less before a
Democratic convention.
Naw Yoas, June 4.?The stock market has been
very dull to-day and money eaay at iSGjH per cent.
Louisville and Nashville has been hammered down
to 73& It was the only feature ol interest to-day.
Explanation of tho Sudden Advance in the
Xktv- Yokk, June 3.?For the past
two days the stock of the Nashville,
Chattanooga k St. Louis Railroad has
been attracting a great deal of at?
tention on the Stock Exchange. Up to
that time it had been little quoted and the
price ruled between 95 and 10:2. Thursday
I?0 shares sold at 103, then when farther
bids were mode it was- found that there
was no stock in the market. The quota
tations then became wide apart. There
was a bid of 109, but no stock was offered
under 124. The same wide range prevail?
ed yesterday. There was a sale at NO.
The official announcement is not ready
yet, and the plan as finally announced mar
differ from these facts somewhat. The
plan, as it is understood to stand at pres?
ent, is as follows: The company will is?
sue $3,500,000 of new stock and oiler it to
the present holders at $00 per share. The
present stock outstanding amounts to
$0,00.8,005. Therefore the holders would
have the option of subscribing for an
amount equal to about .~>0 percent of their
present holding at fifty cents. As the
stock pays 50 per cent, the offer seems to
be a tempting one, and. it is claimed,
showed the stock to be worth $1:25 per
share at least. These details were settled
at a meeting held on Thursday, which was
attended by representatives of the inter?
ests of the stockholders. It was decided
then to call a stockholders' meeting to
ratify the plan formally. A controlling
interest in the road, that is $3,385,000 of
stock, is owned by the Louisville & Nash?
ville Company. The road has shared in
the general prosperity of the roads in that
section of the country. It notified the
Treasury Department this week that it
would be ready on June 1 to take up $500.
000 of its bonds held by the Government.
'During the war the Government took po
session of the road and put it in good con?
dition. At the conclusion of the war the
Government turned the road back to the
stockholders, receiving $1,000,000 for its
interest. Half of the bonds have previ?
ously been redeemed.
They are not Only Persecuted hut Robbed.
Bekli.v, June 4.?The scenes of sad?
ness among the Jewish refugees from
Russia have made the deepest impres?
sion in Germany and done much to in?
flame public opinion against I he met hods
of Russian despotism. For the time
all prejudice, against the Hebrews seems
to be forgotten in sympathy with their
suffering, the condition of many of Ihe ex?
iles calling for prompt attention to save
their lives. It appears that when the first
miserable mob of refugees reached the
frontier of Posen, on the Russian side,
they were suddenly surrounded and halted
by a troop of Cossacks, who proceeded to
strip them of every tiling of value, to mal?
treat the men and insult the women. They
were compelled to camp for the night, it is
said, that the transport might be examin?
ed. To placate their persecutors the Jews
hastily gathered all the money that re?
mained and presented it to the Cossack
commander. Being convinced that it was
all they had, he told them tkey could go
over to Germany in the morning.
Having neither food nor money to buy
any the poor wretches lay on the ground
all night waiting for the dawn. In the
morning three women were found dead.
One of them was a mother, and on her
breast an infant crawled, vainly searching
for nourishment. The survivors tottered
away, carrying with them as best they
could the sick and dead. The German au?
thorities and peasantry had been prepared
to repulse them, but all was changed on
seeing their pitiful condition. They were
hospitably received, and every .-uccor
rendered, people even giving up their
dwellings for the use of the infirm. It is
not the. intention that the refugees shall
remain in Germany any longer than a hu?
mane consideration for their necessities
demand. On the other hand, there is a
strong and growing aversion to their set?
tlement in England. It is believed that
the problem of what to do with them will
be solved in a manner that will promote
their interests without injuring others.
Organization Effected?A Hopeful Condi
tion of Things.
(Johnson City Comet.]
Gen. J. T. Wilder has just returned
from New York, where he had the pleas?
ure of confering with men who are inter?
ested in the completion of the Three C's
He was interviewed yesterday evening
by a Comet reporter. What the General
said was pointed and significant. The
committee representing the bond holders
had just been in conference. The result
of which was an agreement upon a plan
of reorganization satisfactory to the cred?
The committee had an appointment to
meet again in Philadelphia Wednesday to
sign an agreement and further consult
about matters regarding the road. This
is in substance the report of General
Wilder. It is not a lack of capital that
is delaying the work, but the complicated
litigation in which it is involvod, and
which must necessarily have time to
adjust itself.
That the road will be finished, there
can be no doubt; and while the General is
unable to say just when operations will be
resumed, he expresses himself most san?
guine of an early beginning. "The road
is bound to be completed," said he, and
went on to express himself that though
the complications may not be cleared up
immediately, the time could not be dis?
tant when they would pay off the indebt?
edness and proceed with the construction
of the road.
After the conference of the committee
referred to in the above article, the attor?
neys of Receiver T?te telegraphed for
him to come to New York forthwith.
Party Lines are not Drawn and the Re.
publicans Get in Their Work.
The following is the result of the County
Wilson Holbrook (Republican)elected sheriff
by 29 majority; R. P. Bruce (Democrat), Com?
monwealth's attorney, re-elected without op?
position; E. D. Blaxwcll (Democrat), treasurer,
by 90 majority; D. C. Dean (Republican), com?
missioner of the revenue, Western district,
110 majority; J. W. Beverly (Republican),
commissioner of the revenue, Eastern district,
11 majority.
Mahone and Ills Mines.
(Tuzcwell Index.)
Gen. Mahone, Senator Plumb and other capitalists
were in the countj this week and have gone to31c
Dowel county, West Virginia, looking after their land
and mineral interests, which are noon to be developed
by a railroad starting out from Cedar 151 u ft", thence up
Indian and through Seacb Fork gap to Dry Fork,
thence, to the Tug.
Various Items of Interest Arranged in
Small Dishes for People Interested
in Big Stone Gap.
The water was turned from the water works
Saturday, as far as to the Berrytnan houses on
Poplar Hill, where it spouts out of the fire-plug
in a bold, clear stream. Superintendent Jen?
nings, who has put in waterworks from Alaska
to Mexico, savs he has never seen a purer and
better supply in his life. The large main is
completed, the laterals are mostly laid through?
out the city, and all will be completed and
water rates go into effect on July 1st. The
first building tobe supplied will be the Inter?
ment Hotel, which had its pipes placed as it
was constructed, so it is only awaiting the ar?
rival of other pipes and fittings to be connect?
ed with the main. Ouly,ohe inch has been
turned on at the dam, and as twelve inches can
be, it is believed the pressure of 390 feet will
enable a stream to be thrown 200 feet high.
This will be a great protection against lire and
will lower insurance rates.
A gentleman in Ohio writes to the Big Stone
Gap Improvment Company in regard to locating
two glass plants: one shoe factory: three shoo
shops.: one foundry and machine shop: a planing
mill, sash, door and blind factory; and a new
rolling mill. He also speaks of a shoe factory
40x175, four stories and basement, employing
200 to 300 people daily, with a weekly pay roll
of $2,500, and a yearly output of $000,000;
required a $25,000 bonus. Also an electric
works, 40x120 or 150, four stories, and .none
story laboratory 30x80, working 200 to 300 peo?
ple; borsearn ?fi to $7 a week, girls $8 to -r If*:
skilled mechanics$18 to$25; do a $500,000 year?
ly business. Required live acres of land;
bonus of $25,000, and loan of $15,000 tn$20,000
for five to seven years at live per cent. Also
a specialty Iron Plant, manufacturing cranes,
crabs, derricks, hoisting engines, anchors, Ac;
building.45x110x200 or 250 feet, with wings and
other buildings, would bring in 500 to 1,0?u>
families, working possibly, 2,000 men, and
output between $1,000,000 and $2,000,1)0!? an?
nually. Requiring ten acres of land, $50,000
bonus, and loan of $15,000 or $25,000 for five
to seven years at five per cent.
* *
The construction of the foundations of the
bridge piers at Bast Fifth Street, eight in num?
ber, ami the tilling of the tubulated iron piers
with concrete goes, is let to A. Cordingley,
the construction of the superstructure to Mr.
A. Virgie, formerly the brigdc builder of the
South Atlantic & Ohio railroad, and the grad?
ing beyond to McXulty A Son. The expense
is halved by the Rig Stone Gap Improvement
Co., and the Valley Street Railway. There
are two wagon ways, two ways for footmen,
and the middle for railroad tracks.
* *
A great many of the wealthy farmers of Lee
county, and their families come to Rig Stone
Gap to do their shopping. By a little pushing
our merchants can extend their trade nearly to
Middlesborough, as trains run most conven?
iently, allowing visitors four hours here. And
here are the best stocks of goods within a
radius of fifty or a hundred miles.
* #
The horseback trade with Kentucky is grow?
ing very rapidly. Last week were seen three
cavalcades of three, live and nine horsemen,
with long three bushel sacks and deer-skin
saddle-bags laden with one form and another
of merchandise.
* a
The building of the (irate k .Mantel Company,
convening 18,000 square feet is completed, and
the engine is being put in place. Supt. Dowden
is receiving his coke, pig iron, &c, and in a few
days will be ready for business, His molding
and other sand he gets from the river not 500
feet away, and directly every thing w ill be com?
paratively as cheap. Mr. Dowden has orders
ahead for several months, and in fact, has de?
clined a number of other orders, fearing he
could not till them in time. He has a number
of workmen from New York and will turn out a
finished ami satisfactory product.
* *
The Louisville k Nashville railroad has
agreed to allow the use of its main line or to
lay a side track along its main line from its
freight-yards to Railroad Avenue, where con?
nection will be made with the Valley Street
Railway, which does the grading from there lo
the East Fifth street bridge. The line should
be in operation by July 1st or a little later, and
will bring Plat 3 to thc front.
The excellence of Contractor Knox's drain?
age work is the more evident the longer it is in
operation. The bottoms have never been
known to be so dry even in midsummer.
* if
The foundation of Mr. J. K. Taggart's house
on Poplar Hill is now going up and the house
is expected to be completed in September.
The plans promise an architectural ornament
to that part of town.
* *
According to Messrs. C. IS. and ('. II.
Shalding, who have figured it up, the buildings
that have been on the way since January 1st,
represent an expenditure of $75,000. The
Building & Loan Associations deserve a great
deal of credit for this, as many of these bouses
could not have otherwise have been begun.
* *
Two of the mantels in Mr. Spencer Berry
man's house are beautiful samples of the work
of home mechanics, being made by Tracy &
* *
Thc soda counter of curly puplar in White
head's drug store is another creditable piece of j
home manufacture from W. F. Baker. There
is no need of going elsewhere for many of
these things, because they can be made as
well and cheaply right here, and just that much
money kept in circulation.
* *
The Hon. W. J. Coombs, of Brooklyn, who
was here last week, was very much struck, as
is every man of observation and reflection, by
the broad and liberal foundations upou which
our people are building this town. Although
we have not 1,000 population, yet we furnished
comforts and conveniences that were not found
in many towns of the old East w hich had 5,000
to 15,000 people?street car service, electric
lights, water works, Ac. In fact we are build?
ing because we havo undoubted and unlimited
confidence in our future. Our coals, ores,
timbers, building stone and other natural pro?
ducts could not be surpassed; two rivers
ample for all industrial needs; our lands varied
for business, manufacturing and dwelling pur?
poses, our situations are of the loveliest in
America, where elevation, mountain cbaius,
shifting shadows, clouds, waving greens, a
wealth, of rhododendron, laurel and other
flowers give variety evory hour and make life
pleasant even to tn idler. All we need is work
and patience?patience, a lesson which it so
hard to be learned by young men who want to
get rich over night.
* *
Mr. Coombs is right, and if be bad known us
better he might have said that we after having
done so very much, might still hare don* a
great deal more, baring relied too much on our
natural advantages, and the incoming of spec*
ulators to heap up our futures without effort on
our part. Too many people interested here, -
tiring elsewhere, do not know the needs of the
place or, knowing them, do nothing?build no
houses,aid no public enterprises, are drones?
\\ hen a colony of workers would give us a fat
greater prosperity.
* *
The Big Stone (Jap Improvement Co. ha*
inquiries from Johnson City, Knoxville, St*
Louis, Trenton, X. J., two from Baltimore*,
Boston, and London, about lots, land, upper
(unities for business, and general information^
nnd from Minnesota for a lumber site.
* *
Mr, E. F. Wickham, of Hesser & Wickham?
St. Louis, who sell coke by the thousands of
carloads, was recently here in search of coke
and smithing coal, and" while finding our coke
all he could desire, would have beeu much
heller pleased, had our mining and coking
operations been much further advanced. Vir?
ginia coke and coal have beeu given an enlarged
notice and a great boost in favor by the recent
labor troubles in Pennsylvania.
* *
The Valley Street Railway has been very
courteous in granting the use of its engine,
cars and train crews, and the South Atlantic A
Ohio railroad, the right of way over its track, to
convey the constantly coming crowd of visitors
who wish to see the wonderful coal veinSof
thi< section. Because it is on a line of railway
the Looney Creek mines of the Virginia, Ten?
nessee & Carolina Steel k Iron Company are
most seen,but much interest is manifested in
the work of the Virginia Coal k Iron Company.
Mr. J. K. Taggart of the Virginia Coal k
Iron Company, has agreed, us a matter of per?
sonal favor, to burn auothcr oven of colic,, that
the Exposition Hall may have larger and Better
samples to show visitors.
* *
Almost every body is making the mistake of
building on too little ground, even those gen?
tlemen who are on Imboden Hill, where are the
finest sites ami the cheapest laud.
The Rev. Mr. Simmons is pushing the erec?
tion of a dwelling house on Poplar Hill.
* *
The foundation of Mr. J. F. Bullitt's house
on Poplar Hill is completed, and the lumber
for the remainder is being delivered.
* #
Officers' car 351 of the Louisville k Xaab
ville U. R. came in last Saturday, bringing
Gcn'l M'g'r Metcalfe, Chief Engineer Montfort
and Superintendent Robinson,of the division
from Corbin to Norton, accompanying Maj.
O'Brien, Chief Constructing Engineer, who, it
is understood, was turning the road over to
them, as his connection with the L. k N. ceased
last Sunday. They ran up to Norton, and
took a look at the situation. The L. k N. has
no side tracks, turn-table, station or other
works at Norton, merely .using those of the N.
k W., so it is boped Big Stone Gap will get all
the improvements the L. k N. will put at this
end of the road.
ft *
The Exposition Hall is little by little doing
the work expected of it. As an example:
General Samuel Thomas, of Catasaqua, Pa.,
of iron fame, and largely interested ;in the
Virginia Coal k Iron Co., who is spending
$40,000 in building a stone wall around his old
homestead, renovating the old house, and
furbishing up things generally, was so much
pleased with the curly poplar on exhibition that
he requestcdJGeneral Manager Taggart tosend ,
quite a quantity of it to him for finishing one
particular room.
Aa another:
Prof. Morse, of Saloni, Mass., who was
recently here with Edward Atkinson, and is
very much interested in the plastic arts and
their products, was so very much taken with
the exhibit of pottery made by Mr. William
Wolfe in 1878, that he requested Mr. Fox to
semi him a sample, which (a half gallon
pitcher) being found at Jackson Stewart's in
the b'cetn Hollow, was sent him last Saturday.
This will be labeled and placed in Prof,
Morse's collection, and credit given in the pub?
lications of his society, a double way of mak?
ing Big Stone <!ap clay known.
ft *
!5ig Stone Cap is, by the L. k N. and N. k
W.,480 miles from Norfolk and 275 from
Louisville, a total of 756 miles of trunk line.
Mr. George C. Potts, manager of the town of
South Watauga, Tenn., and the iron properties
of the company of which Julius Hoffman, of
Philadelphia is President, and who has bad an
experience of twelve years in the coal business
in various parts of the United States, says he
lias never seen finer coal anywhere than the
samples shown in the Exposition Hall, from
the property of the Virginia Coal k Iron Com?
pany. Mr. Potts has found a splendid quality
of Bessemer ore at South Watauga, to which
his company has built six miles of railroad.
Big Stone Gap will use' this ore, as Middies
borough, and South Watauga will use our coke.
The average of the temperature here for the
month of March was 43.2 degrees; for April,
54.1; for May, 59.3; the grand average for these
three spring months being 52.2. The rain fall
for March was phenomenally large,8.68 inches,
for April, 2.33 and for May 4.08; total for spring
The Methodist church on the coruor of East
First and Wyaudottc streets is now receiving
its coat of sheating for the roof, the sides
being already weathcrboarded. The floor has
a gentle slope toward the recessed pulpit, so
that every sitting will command a good view.
The two square towers add to the architectural
effect. It is understood that Mrs. Duff will
give a memorial window in honor of her hus?
band. The Rev. Mr. Straley both works snd
31 r. JIagotiiu Hardin will soon begin the
building of bis residence on Poplar Hill,
ft ?
Goodlvc Brothers are erecting two cottages
in Block 57, Plat 1, for rent.
? ?
The Rev. Mr. Straley is erecting a dwelling
in the first gap on Imboden Hill, on the Kehn
k Longini land.
ft *
Messrs. Sproles, Brown and Cantes ore
erecting three residences on Plat 6, near the
old Tent Hotel.
* ?
Mr. E. T. Shortt is putting up a beautiful
residence of tasteful architectural design on
Imboden Hill. The Rev. Dr. McManavaj aid
Mr. C. T. Estes are building near him sad his
father-in-law, Dr. Hoback, will soon begin a
dwelling adjoining Mr. Shortt lighted up with

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