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Kntared at tb* past offlct- at Stone Gap,Va.t
At McowJ-clais mstttr, Nov. Uta, 1890. LEADING PAPES OF SOUTHWEST VA. FVaUSSSD WSEX2.T ?7 tWB BIG STONE POST PUBLISHING CO. C. E.8EAR8 PftCSlOXMT. 71 ??? ' 1' tKoa o? Swascairnox: Ott? Yemr,. Six Month*, - - - * * Pavuen t ?trtctlv in advance. ADVUTtsni? Rat?: Display advertisements per inch, for tacb Insertion Legal notices, obKaaries, etc., 10cent* per Hn* ?*cb Insertion. Discount allowed for one column or more. Friday, Jane 5,1891. The virit of the Cincinnati Board of Trade to this section shows that the merchants and business men of that city appreciate thc rich and rapidly growing district of which this is the center, and are taking early stops to establish busi? ness relations with us. Trade, once ac? quired, can be held more easily than it can be taken from a strong rival. There will soon be vast business here for Louis? ville, Cincinnati and other cities, and the first to get it will be the longest to hold it. The Post is ihe only paper having a large circulation in this section, and its columns are open for the advertisements of all comers. Our regular rates are one dollar per inch for each insertion ; but, to induce merchants to test the value of its iufluence we will make contracts for three months or more at fifty cents per inch. This offer can not' be accepted too quickly. Movements Among Railroads. There are many new and interesting rumors of railroad construction and com? bination in the air; and while they are not sufficiently definite to be made the basis of accurate calculation, they show that the larger railroad systems of the South are realizing the fact that the min? eral district, of which Big Stone Gap is thc natural center, is henceforth to sup? ply the bulk of their tounage and form the basis of their prosperity. Sagacious projectors more fully than ever understand now the'great forces which are being di? rected toward this section and the vast results which must follow their aggres? sive action. The L. & N. and the Norfolk k Western were the first companies in the South to appreciate thc revolution in railroad econ? omy, effected by the war. Previous to that convulsion builders of such lines shunned the mountain and sought the plain. They looked to* agricultural pro? ducts alone for traffic. But as soon as the coal and mineral resources of the Southern portion of the Appalachian range "were ascertained through the in? vestigations of geologists and the practi? cal tests of mineral experts, it dawned upon them that we had the same elements of wealth that had made profitable the Northern systems ; and that instead of devising temporary shifts to avoid bank? ruptcy they could, by extending their lines through mineral districts, render them profitable and secure additional means, not only for the construction of new branches, but for improving main stems arid rescuing them from decay. The success which has attended this change of policy has not only vindicated the judg? ment of those robust and progressive leaders, of the movement, to whom the South is indebted for. its conception and unparalleled progress, but it has formed a surprising aud interesting feature in the railroad history of the United States. As an illustration of the rapidity of this development and the profit attending it, the Norfolk k Western railroad may be cited. According to the report of the company for J 890 it appears that within ten years their lines have increased 100 per ceut in mileage, 200 per cent in gross earnings, 900 per cent in tonnage and almost 700 per cent in the number of pas? sengers. Ten years ago not a car load of coal or coke was conveyed from the Poca hontas coal field, while last year 42,">00,000 tons were hauled, 90 per cent of which were carried over this road. We have not received the report of the L. k. N. for the same year, but the pro? gress it baa made is not less surprising; and the figures one or two years hence, will be even more significant of our ad? vance in coal and iron development. The E. T. Va. & Ga. system has not hitherto been so aggressive in this direc? tion; but it is now about entering the field against its two great rivals, and the entire thought and enterprise of its officers and owners are now concentrated upon the subject. The coal fields about Big Stone Gap wiil soou be penetrated by a branch of this road from Rogersville; and, it is understood, an effort is being made by the same company to secure the control of - the Kentucky Union, in order to complete its construction and connect it with the Rogersville branch at Big Stone Gap. It is believed that the L. k. N. also has a desire to secure the Kentucky Union and complete its construction to this point. This with a branch from Pinevillc through Harlan, would give that line access to thc entire coal and timber dis? tricts of Kentucky and Southwestern Vir? ginia, and to the rich iron deposits of WaHcnV, ridge. To complete its system aud enable it to occupy the most strategic position in the South, it would be necessary to construct an air line from Cumberland Gap or some point near it to a point on the Nashville I & Chattanooga, avoiding the circuitous route from Big Stone Gap via Lebanon i Junction to the furnaces of Alabama,! and in addition the acquisition of tha S. A. <fc O. and the Atlantic & Danville, which would give it an independent line to Nor? j folk and access to the Eastern markets,! and by a route some forty miles' shorter 1 than the one via Norton over the Norfolk & Western. The fact that the Norfolk k Western has its own coal fields and is already taxed beyond its capacity to carry its own ton? nage, renders such an acquistion by the N. the more imperative, as the Nor? folk k Western will give the product of its ovro fields he preference, and the only $1.35 ??? I I ' ? - advantage' tho 17. k N. can enjoy by its connection with it at Norton i? that which it derives from a through passenger route. Not one of the L. & N's, freight cars loaded with irou or coal will be hauled by that road, as its facilities do not per? mit the prompt transportation of the present output from its own coal fields. The immediate difficulty in the consum? mation of most, if not all these projects, consists in the scarcity- of money. But there is every reason to believe this diffi? culty is only temporary. "We have an enormous cotton crop, tho. promise of an, extraordinary wheat crop, every bushel of which that can be spared will find a ready and high price in Europe, as the crop there is short; and after the immediate embarrassment in the money markets of Europe has been relieved, we shall not only get all our gold back but will find there an eager market for all meritorious railroad securities. Europe never had as much confidence in American bonds and stocks as it has to-day, and the difficulty in placing them there is due entirely to the money strin? gency which is only temporary. The probabilities are therefore that within the next year or two we shall have a de? gree of activity which our most sanguine "promoters" do not now anticipate; and there will not only be a new and devour? ing demand for our securities at home, but Europe will be anxious for them. Ignorance or Malice. The Iron Age says: The final collapse of the coke strike will unques? tionably have an Importnnt Influence on the iron und steel trade throughout the whole country. As we report elsewhere, the CuiincIIsville coke manufactur? ers have decided to maintain for the present the price of $1.90 per ton which had been fixed previous to their struggle with their men. The Connellsville manufacturers evidently feel that they occupy a pos? ition of great strength, and seem inclined to demand what they Insist is a fair return upon the capital in? vested in their business. Great iron and .steel sec? tions which until now have depended upon this small region for their fuel will protest vigorously that the policy chosen is dangerous to them in the long run. Xo one will deny that so far as quality is concerned the Connellsville product ranks first as a furnace fuel. It is a question for the consumers to decide how large the difference in price between the standard coke and that produced in other regions must be in order to warrant their choosing the latter. The Iron Age has studiously avoided keeping its readers advised of the advan? tages and progress of the South, and has not unfrequently been guilty of a misrep? resentation of well known facts, but we did not expect to see so extravagant a statement in its columns that "no one will deny that so far as quality is con? cerned the Connellsville product ranks first as a furnace fuel." If it will read the letter of Mr. A. S. McCreath, Penn? sylvania's best known expert, which ap? pears in another column, it will sec that the Big Stone Gap coke is superior to that of Connellsville, and if it will open its eyes and ears for a moment it will see and hear numbers of persons who have had great experience in coke making? even in Connellsville coke making?who will declare that product inferior to ours. This ostrich act will not enable the Iron Age, nor anyother journal devoted exclus? ively to Northern interests, to destroy facts. These facts too arc becoming more and more generally known and ac? cepted in spite of the attempt of section? al sheets to ignore or obscure them. - The Progress of Toleration. The world moves. The spirit of liber? alism is abroad in all civilized lands, and there is more toleration than ever before alike in the pulpit of the preacher and on the platform of the politician. A few centuries ago.Toy would have been scorch? ed at the stake and Briggs would have been pierced with the spikes of (he Inqui? sition. Indeed it has been but a little over three hundred years since Calvin prosecuted Scrvctus for dissenting from the doctrine of the Trinity, and the accus? ed perished aruid burning fagots. But we are not only advancing in the sciences but in the humanities also. Whether this advance is due to modern religion, or whether modern religion is due to this advance, or whether it is the result of the combined evalution of both, we leave the reader to decide for him? self. That is a matter for the Huxleys and the Bampton lecturers to determine. It is quite certain that mankind, in relig? ious matters, are more disposed lo accept the sermon on the mount than the austere code of Moses, and to substitute rhetoric for rotten eggs in political controversies. And is this not progress in the right direction? After the experience of j?<^es has demonstrated that the rack and the stake can not make that false which is true, or that true which is false, and after it has been rendered equally clear that political proscription, exile, imprisonment or death can not alter a political fact, why apply such tests to the thoughts and convictions of men? There are of course bigots in religion and partisans in politics who would still require every one to conform to old stand? ards or suffer the old punishments, but happily they are few; and, please God, the day will come when there shall not be one?when, like the temple at Jerusalem, the entire structure of superstition and intolerance and hypocrisy will be demol? ished, not leaving one stone above another. One church sets up a creed and requires all its communicants and teachers to sub? scribe to it?to accept it implicitly yand without reservation. A year or two, or a decade after it sets up another creed, dif? fering materially from the first and im? poses the same requirement. Suppose a member wishing to render personal aid to all moral movements desires to remain in the communion but dissents from the first creed and would accept the latter. Should he be proscribed and cast into outer darkness because he anticipates the change by a few years and finds it impos? sible to accept the doctrines prescribed at the time? So with the platforms of parties. The founders of the Democratic party favored a protective tariff and opposed an internal revenue tax. The present leaders, who, aided by Urge distillers, have acquired a baleful ascendency over the minds of the masses, have completely, reversed this platform and oppose a protective tariff and favor an internal revenue tax. Now if a person believes that Mr. Jefferson and Mr. Madison and Mr. Monroe had a wiser conception of the interests of the party and the economics of the country thanMr. Mills, Mr. Brcckenridge and Mr. Blackburn, and knew better thnft thcHc (heir successors in leadership what were the principles of the party they founded, must he too be cast into outer darkness? No, brothers all, let us be tolerant, for? bearing, just. The great truths of reli? gion may safely be left to free and rever? ent thought, and the principles of good government may well be committed to the keeping of the intelligent sentiment of the people. If every member of a church or of a party who does not agree with thc letter of thc creed or every plank of the platform, is to be driven into line or ban? ished from the fold, the church or party adopting such methods wilt have an ex? ceedingly limited membership. And thc church or party that does this will be a mere, knot, an obstruction in re? ligions and political development. The Hpirit of the nge and the inspirations and ambitious of our manhood are against it. The methods of the fifteenth century are not the methods of today. The Inquisi? tion of Spain and the Star Chamber of thc Stuarts arc anacronisms in this age? anacronisms in their relics, in so much of thc spirit that animated them then and survives them now. Thank God, the mind is free. The Post is constantly receiving inquiries from non-resident property holders asking in? formation in regard to the tax ordinances. These ordinances would occupy more space in the Post than we can afford to give the city free of charge. The fact is, the citizens here are not acquainted with these ordinances, nor with others passed by the council. They have never been published. Big Stone Gap occu? pies the unique position of passing laws with? out taking any steps to let the public know what they are. The result is they are vio? lated every day. No one respects them. Even the Council doesn't know what they have passed. -, o Tiierk is nothing new in Dr. Brigg's views about the Bible. The matter has been under discussion since the 2nd Century. But the in? terest it now excites and the learned and pow? erful support the alleged heretic is getting, show how startling has b>?en the advance in biblical criticism within the past few years. Dr. Briggs was rejected in thc Presbyterian Assembly by an overwhelming vote, but it is understood the Union Theological Seminary will stick to him and perhaps assert its inde? pendence of the Presbyterian church. Gorman is looming up for the Presidential nomination. He is perhaps the shrewdest politician in the United States, and, though he has been apparently quiet and certainly unos? tentatious and modest, it is believed his plans have been laid with consummate skill. He has powerful friends throughout the country who are only waiting for Cleveland and Hill to complete the cut-throat business they have been engaged in, when they will show their hands. In truth it seems that the logic of the situation points to Gorman. -? ?? ? Senator Call's enemies have sent a re? quest to the Governor of Florida to withhold the certificate of election upon the ground that no quorum was present when he was elected, and the legislature was not in joint session as the constitution requires. After striving for weeks to secure his re-election, the Senator's nervous system is hardly in condition to bear another strain. It is said the Hon. Joseph Blackburn will find this his last term in the Uuitcd States Senate. It was all right for him to pull Chan? dler's ear, but he should not have attempted^o pull a Kentuckian's ear even metaphorically. Jim McKinzie has it in for him, and thc better elements of the Kentucky people want more dignity and strength in the Senate. -. ? ? Hiram S. Maxim, the inventor and head of the great gun making house of Maxim <fc Nor denfeldt, rivals of the Krupps, has invented a machine in the form of a kite which can be sent through the air, the movements of which can be easily regulated, and made to drop dynamite in the midst of an army. The ex? periment has cost him $45,000 and he thinks it a success. Ji'dgk Breckingrtdke fell dead just after completing his arguement against Dr. Briggs. Had he been speaking in defense of Briggs many devout persons would have re? garded his sudden death as the direct rebuke of providence. It is a poor rule that won't work both ways, and it is but fair to conclude the providence is with Briggs. Everybody goes into raptures over our de? lightful water. Bains do not discolor it, and when the pipes are completely covered it will be much colder than it is now. It is so health? ful and delicious to the taste that our preachers are going to use it as a text for temperance sermons. Mr. Blaine has carried his preliminary point with Great Britain about the seal fisher? ies. Will Russell II. claim that papa II. did that too? There is danger that Benjamin II. will become known as the father of his son. A IKY TONGUES. Col. Jno. A. Cockerill, who did more than Pulitzer toward building up the New York World, and Mr. George W. Turner until re? cently the business manager of the paper, af? ter resigning their positions, have bought the Commercial Advertiser, a very old and decayed paper, but one that owns thc Associate Press franchise which is of great value in New York. They propose to make the Commercial Adver? tiser a live and aggressive newspaper, and they will likely succeed. The World will suffer by the change. It has no one left on its staff with more ability than just enough to run an ex? ceedingly sloppy and untrustworthy paper, destitute of dignity and character. The Sun has now an opportunity to regain the circula? tion it lost in 1S84 by the blunder of support? ing Butler for President. It is certaiuly the best edited paper in New York and has always retained a strong hold upon thc thinking and more substantial classes. The World has pandered, to the shop girl and the drummer? fickle elements on which to base permanent circulation. Under Pulitzer it has never gained access to members of the firm and hardly to heads of the departments, much less to the libraries of students. All it seemed to seek was circulation; and in securing it, the raanagemont lost sight entirely of the methods necessary to retain it. The paper therefore is like the shifting sand in thc current of Ameri can life?a bank to-day, tomorrow gone. It is perhaps the most uncertain newspaper proper? ty in New York. ? * * Duels in this country nowadays are either ridiculous or tragic; and the one said to have been contemplated in Louisville, is no excep? tion. The day when the gallant knight, in Pev eril of the Peak, called on Major Brigcnorth, doffed his plumed hat, bowed low; and care? fully piercing the edge of a note with his sword, extended it thus tip tilted to the Major as a document which be had the honor to bear from his friend Sir Geoffrey, requesting the pleasure of a meeting, has passed. The South is in just that transition ^period when a man who slays his adversary in a dud is re? garded as close to a murderer; when the dead man is regarded as a fool, and when people who correspond on the subject and don't tight are laughed at. It seems Mr. Heth called at Mr. Sherley's house, met him in the hall, and cowhided him for reflecting on a lady to whom Mr. Hcth was engaged. Mr. Sherley places himself in the hands of Dr. Yandell and Hen? ry Watterson who, after prolonged consultation, agree upon certain correspondence in place of the duel. In Mr. Heth's letter he says he acted "hastily" and under "excitement and a j misconception of some of the facts;" and that inasmuch as Mr. Sherley has done "all that one gentleman could ask or expect of another," he regrets his "precipitancy" and hopes the cow hided man will "blot the circumstance" from his memory. Mr. Sherley declares these "ex? planations are satisfactory," and is constrain? ed to add that he too "acted hastily and under excitement," and promises to "forget the cir? cumstance." But will he? Can he forget it?s The code provides for no atonement for a blow, much less for a cowhiding, except blood. Yet, on the assurance that Mr. Heth "acted under excitement," which Mr. Sherley already knew, and with "precipitancy," which he also knew, and which Heth regretted, Mr. Sherley prom? ises not to forgive, but to "forget." Could anything be more ridiculous? Why resort to the code for so lame a conclusion? If men want to fight and wish to fight on equal terms and without endangering the lives of others, as all gentlemen should fight, the better way to do now-a-days is to write nothing, but send a private message by a single friend to your adversary, informing him you will be at a cer? tain quiet and sequestered spot the next morn? ing at five o'clock, if it be summer, or six, if it be winter, armed with certain weapons, and that you desire his presence there at the hour named with similar arms and a single friend. This code business is a humbug. It inevitably results in publicity and a man who really wants to fight, and has made up his mind to fight, does not want publicity. He goes about it like he goes about borrowing money, neatly and quietly. The most effective work in that line is done with as little bustle and bluster as possible. # * The iconoclast is abroad in the land. Mon curc Conway undertakes to prove that the story that Frederick the Great sent a sword to Washington with the inscription on it, "From the oldest General in the world to the greatest," is a myth and without foundation, in fact; and biblical critics undertake to show that Moses did not write the book of Deu? teronomy, did not tell of his own death and burial; that St. John did not write the book of John and that several other books in the Bible were not written previous to the events to which they allude. On the heels of this even the councils of the churches arc modifying their creeds and some go so far as to abolish the hell of the fathers. They first rejected the fire and then the sulphur, and now say there are no materials with which to make a fire. Where is all this to eud? Have the critics no bowels of compassion? All I have to say is that if there is no hell, I have exper? ienced a deal of unnecessary uneasiness and even terror in my time. I well remember one description of the place I heard from a preacher when I was a boy that gave me the nightmare and stopped me from winning marbles and eggs and spinning tops, and made me study my Sunday school lesson, and otherwise greatly curtailed my pleasures und diversions, But I inferred from what the preacher said that he had been there and had seen sinners roasted and drinking hot lead. When I re? call how much fun I could have had in fighting chickens and availing myself of the straight tips an nncle of mine used to give me on horse races, but for this horror of hell, I realize that I was born before my time. # # Major O'Brien, Mr. Mars ton and Mr, Gcrckcn, I am told, are no longer connected with the L. & N. R. R. Whether their rela? tions with the company are severed because there is no. more immediate need of their services or because of the reported disagree? ment with the office at Louisville, or both, 1 do not positively know. It is quite certain, however, that there has been some friction be? tween the engineers on this division and President Smith. He thought they had made the construction of the line too expensive. Marston has been with the company four years and I am told got $200 per month. Geroken got $15U per month, and when he left told me he had only saved $300 out of his salary. Major O'Brien got more, of course, and doubtless saved a round sum. Mr. Marston has accumu? lated some property here, and is in easy cir? cumstances. The life is a hard one. The work is exacting and involves exposure and hard living. Major O'Brien and Gcrckcn are now in New York: and as soon as Mr. Marston returns from Louisville, where he has gone to settle up matters with the home office, he too will leave with his family. Indeed there seems to be disagreements all around. The contractors lost heavily and claim they were made to do needless work. Some of them are bitter in their complaints. But the road is built; and though it cost money, it is mag? nificent. Though I dislike to say it, the fishing about Big Stone Gap is not what it should be. Rail? road hands have almost exterminated the sup? ply of bass above the dams, and until they are blown out we need not expect a new sup? ply, unless some effort is made to restock the streams from the Government fishery. This can be easily done if application is made and why it is not made I do not understand. The Government has an abundance of young fish which can be had for the asking. That the fish here have been exhausted, there is no ques? tion. Even uncle John Ilardin, who is an ex? pert angler and who fishes all winter amid ice and snow to keep his hand in, can not make a fair catch. Mr. Bush and Captain Matheny have almost abandoned the sport, though they still visit the river banks, look with admiration at the cloar, rippling water and argue about the best time and best bait for catching fish if they were only there. Dr. Bullitt is abroad, and before he left ate the three pound bass he had encored out and which he used to show to his friends every day or two to save his reputation as a fisherman. * * Quantities of walnut and other valuable timber that has been cut into logs and waiting for the completion of the railroad, is being rapidly hauled to Pennington Gap, Big Stone Gap and other points on the L. & ST. railroad forshipment. Passenger trains will be put on the N. & W. railroad Sunday, and through freight trains will be run July 1. 3Iuch of this timber will go East, though heavy orders are being filled for the West. Roads from Black Mountain through all the gaps are being crowded with teams hauling the heavy logs. Many of the black walnut logs are from forty to fifty inches in diameter and of course the poplar is much larger. ? -? Our fire brigade has only ladders and buck? ets, which would not avail much in a large fire. It should be provided with a reel and a few pieces of hoBe of various length. When these are furnished, Mr. Jennings, superintendent of the water works, will turn on the pressure and show the boys how to throw a 200 feet stream. ? ? The residence of Mr. Walter E. Addison on Poplar Hill is almost completed, bat will not be occupied till August or September, when Mrs. Addison returns from her visit to her old home and the sea-shore. I Many of the Most Learned Profess? ors Come Out Boldly and Endorses Him. He Hath Kimllcd a Fire which Seems to he Sweeping Through Colleges and Pulpits as well us Pews. THE STORM INCREASING. (}T. Y. World.) Prof. William R. Harper, the greatest scholar in the Baptist church, has taken sides in the Brigg's matter, and in an in? terview, revised, corrected and approved by him, gives his views on the great sub? ject in dispute. The point upon which the issue is to lie made is that of inspira? tion, and upon that the Professor speaks in no uncertain language. Prof. Harper is thc President of the great Baptist University at Chicago founded by Rockefeller. He is a young student of vast energies and great ability. His work has been to awaken an interest in oriental studies in American colleges. He taught Hebrew at Morgan Park, a Baptist theological school near Chicago, and established a Hebrew correspondence college of large following. At Yale he holds two professorships, one of Semitic languages and the other of Biblical literature, and also gives in struction in the Hebrew language. There is no part of the Yale life that he does not touch. No other man has more deep? ly influenced the two thousand young men at that institution. His enthusiasm, en? ergy, scholarship and Christian character are matters of common talk at New Haven. Prof. Harper is also at the bead of avast popular correspondence univer? sity of sacred literature. Hundreds of thousands of students of all nationalities receive weekly direct instruction in their own language from his pen. After defining prophesy he said: "Now we come to the question, is thc Bible the word of God, or docs it simply contain the word of God? I accept the former. Israelitish history is divine his? tory in a unique and peculiar sense. The literature growing out of that history is divine literature in a unique and peculiar sense. God worked, of course, in other history, and other literatures reflect his presence, but it is Israelitish history and Israelitish literature that is the real God history and the real (Jod word. "Let us draw a parallelism between his? tory and the literature. Israelitish histo? ry, peculiar as was God's relation to it, includes on the part of both its greatest leaders and of the nation itself practices of the most degrading character?poly? gamy, slavery and acts of the most sinful nature. Need 1 repeat them? Need I speak of Abraham, Jacob orJDavid? It is nevertheless divine history. It was the best history Almighty Power, acting iu consistency with his other divine at? tributes, could inspire in the hearts of a people dragged down by sin. "Israclitism literature, peculiar as was God's relation to it, includes different and differing accounts of the same event. It must be allowed that there arc errors and discrepensies in the Bible. It was com? piled of a total disregard of what seems to be the standard of history writing to? day, yet it is the divine word. It is the very best literature God, acting in consis? tency with his other divine attributes, could inspire In a nation of Semitic blood 1 and living at that period of thc world's history. God in his wisdom did not see fit to make it impossible for Israel to sin, nor did he see fit to make it impossi? ble for Israelitish writers sometimes to blunder on question* of science or histo? ry, though never in reference to questions of religious character. "God gave these men his word to be declared by them to man, but there were limitations as to their powers, And shall we occupy our time and attention with thc study of these limitations? Let us rather stand in reverence and wonder be? fore this book, which, in spite of limita? tions, in spite of human imperfections, contains such indubitable evidence that it is the word of God. Tin; TIME SOT VET RIPE, BUT?THE ERRORS AUK THERE. "The claim is made to-day that if the Bible contains errors, this utterly des? troys its force as the word of God. Prof. Briggs is not a pioneer in combating this theory. He has simply begun iu this country an immense movement. No man knows how long it will continue, and no man knows where it will end. 1 regret exceedingly that this movement has be? gun. I regret it exceedingly, for the time is not yet ripe. There are u hundred rea? sons why it should be delayed, but it has begun, and no power can stop it. "Von, as young preachers about to be licensed, cannot fail to be asked on these questions. Yon must know (hem, and know how to meet them. i reached the position long ago where I knew that there were discrepancies, inconsistencies, con? tradictions, mistakes, call them by any name you please, in the Bible. No man can read the Bible and fail to find the discrepancy. No man with any sort of mind at all can fail to see the errors and mistakes it contains, They are there. "If you cannot reconcile the existence of errors in thc Bible with its divine ori? gin, how can you believe that God was in Israelitish history, moving in it to in? fluence it and making it peculiarly uni? que, although at thc same time it includes practices on the part of its people of the most wicked and degrading nature? If God was there moving it and controlling it, and if he could have accomplished anything in thc history of his people, is it not reasonable to suppose that he would have made true, pure and clean the hearts of tiiese men? But he did not. He did all thai God could do for his peo? ple, but behold them in their awful wick? edness! "the best history goi> could make." "And yet this is the very best history divine power could inspire. It is the very best history God himself could make. If he could have made a better one he would have done so. Surely the presence of God in a nation's history ought to affect the life", the conduct and the heart of the people. But it did not do so iu this na? tion. Can you expect more of God when he deals with the intellects? Do you de? mand a higher degree of perfection in the intellect of this people than in the heart. Do you demand that God should make a people's literature perfect when he could not make their hearts perfect? You have no business to ask freedom from literary blunders iu God's people unless you ask also freedom from sin. "The "whole question of inerrancy in this light is an insignificant matter. There should be no trouble in the matter at all?-not the slightest difficulty. Thc point of all this is that in the older view of the Bible God worked objectively, put? ting words into the mouths of meni while according to the new view God works through men. Briggs Did a Scholar's Duty. Dr. Thayer, Professor of New Testa? ment Interpretation at Havard Universi? ty, was in the library of the American Academy at the Boston Athenamm, when a reporter called upon htm. lie wan in attendance on the annual meeting of the Oriental Society, of which many profess? ors of Eastern colleges are members. He is a warm friend of Dr. Briggs, and the reporter had no difficulty in interesting him in the business that called him to Boston. Dr. Thayer said among other things: "I agree in the main with Prof. Briggs in his ideas about the inspiration, au? thenticity and inerrancy of the Bible. His views are the correct views. Whether they are the views of the Westminister Confession and its authors 1, as a Congre? gational isf, do not feel called upon to ex pruss an opinion. But in other times and lands the largest liberty of speech has not been regarded as disloyalty to the confession. Dr. Chalmers, for example, says of it, you remember. 'All well enough in its place, but don't thrust that wretched thing between me and my Bible. DB. BRIGGS HAS HIS SIXCEUE SYMPATHY. ] "That they are not in accord with the j interpretation put upon the confession by j the modem dogmatists is not to be charg ! ed as a crime against Prof. Briggs, lie may say with the reformer Tyndalc. 'It is because the priests of the country be ignorant men that my writings are called heresies.' "Of course there arc errors in the Bible. There is nothing new in that statement, however strange and unpleas? ant it may sound to-day. Luther recog? nized them, so also did Calvin, and Dr. Briggs is simply one in his generation of a long line of Church teachers from Origen down who have held these views and boldly declared that there are mis? takes and discrepancies in the Bible. Dr. Briggs has my sincere sympathy in his fight with the dogmatists.' He knows my views on the subject. They have been fully explained by me in lectures in my class-room." The position of Prof. Thayer, as gath? ered from his talks,lectures and writings, is here stated in language revised, cor? rected and approved by him: "In looking at this subject it is neces? sary to recognize a distinction between Christianity itself and the records of Christianity. The excellence, perpetuity and eventual triumph of Christianity is universally conceded, but with reference to the records of Christianity, that is, the early writings that were familiar to the first generations of Christians, and that have come down to us in the form and under the name of the Bible, there are still many open questions. We may dis? cuss these freely and fully. It is the scholar's duty to do so. "It is Dr. Brigg'8 duty to state the re? sults of his study so that men who have not the time may know the truth. There can be no question as to the results ot such study. These writings are by no means fice from the traces of the imper? fection that cleaves to all things human, but by admitting that there are errors in the written records of Christianity we do not in the least discredit the truth ot Christianity itself. In an examination of the Testaments it becomes at once appar? ent that the present prevalent view of the Scriptures is not that held by the early Christians nor by the succeeding genera? tions of Christians through the centur? ies. American Protcstanism has adopted an exaggerated view of the relative im? portance of these Biblical writings. Too much emphasis has been laid on the full and final character of Scriptural teaching relative to the whole range of thought and conduct, life and destiny. "By reason of improved methods of philological study, of progress in science and discovery of the accumulating re? sults of archaeological and historic re? search the theory ot infallibility has come to occasion restlessness and per? plexity and at times not a little distress in thoughtful souls. It has become a yoke which they are unable to bear. Now, it is because of the general acceptance of this exaggerated idea of the nature and function of the Bible that Prof. Briggs is in such trouble. The error of this posi? tion of Prof. Brigg's opponents may be easily seen when we recall the circum? stances in which the New Testament orig? inated. THK BIBLE IS A WtOWTH. "The primitive Christians for genera? tions were destitute of our collection of Biblical records. These records came into existence gradually as the wisdom of the authors and the varying needs of the scattered bodies of believers dictated. More than a century elapsed before a col? lection of writings was framed together in a body of religious literature. The early Christian judgment did not discrim? inate between the many extant documents and pick out those entitled to a perma? nent place in the canon of Scripture. This power ot discrimination came slowly and from many causes. Internal dissen? sion over questions of belief, combats with heresy and prosecution from without taught them how to sift their documents and the unworthy ones fell into neglect one by one. Many of the books that are now discarded were read by the lirst gen? erations of Christians with as much in? terest and devotion as those now accept? ed in our canon. "Such facts as these show that the Church produced the Bible, and not the Bible the Church. "They teach also that there is no his? torical warrant for setting this book up as the. infallible and final appeal in all matters of belief and life. "But the intrinsic characteristics of the Bible make still more evident the error of the American view that the Scriptures are the only source of divine authority. The phenomena of the Bible corroborate this statement. Some of these phenom? ena may be briefly stated: "First, many of the apostolic writings have perished. We know not how many of the Epistles of Paul have been lost. There are evidences in the Bible itself that letters to the Thessaloninns, Philippians and Corithians from Paul's pen have been lost. Even the words and works of the Lord himself have come down to us great? ly -abridged. Are the books that have been preserved inspired and those that are lost not inspired? I'KOOK PILED L'l'O.N PROOF. " Another proof of the error of this view is that the form in which the Old Testa? ment was known to the New Testament writers was an imperfect translation of the Hebrew into Greek called the Scptuagint. The translation upon which all the early churches based their canon, modern Prot? estantism has now repudiated, vet to set up the claim of unerring verbal accuracy for a book based upon this Greek version of the Old Testament is folly. Moreover, the manner in which New Testament wri? ters employ this translation is a mode of using Scripture which no intelligent wri? ter can accept at the present dav. " Still another proof of the error of this view of the Bible is the circumstance that the truths of the Bible are preseuted in local and temporary forms ; for iustauce, notice the embarrassment which Christian missionaries encounter in translating the imagery of the Testament into the langu? age ot the natives they teach. la Alaska there is no better wav of translating the opening of the tweaty-third Psalm than to I say / T he Lord is a first-class mountain hunter. The beautiful text in Isaiah. 1 hough your sins be of scarlet, tbev shall be as white as wool,'would be unintelligi? ble in the language of Southern India, for there the sheep are black. Ant.thcr mis? sionary to India recommended, after a long experience, that the Gospel of Mat? thew should bo pharaphrascdor freely re? produced tor the Hindoos, with interject? ed explanatory remarks; and another witness savs; That Paul's Epistles are un^ lardl00dl? % c???t*-y scarcely by one reader out o ten.' The Epistles to the Hebrews requires far its due appreciat on How Z 0t at,Udy itt Jcwi8b ?KS How many readers of the Gospel of John can give an intelligible n?,\ n mentof the doctrine of t;,,, ^' ^ which that Gospel opens? ERROR SOW ACXKOWLKlMif.il, " Still another proof of the e' "wS| theory is to be found in the varj?.,,fil abound in the parallel rccordn ahk1! and words of our Lord, For i,,', < many varying forms of differ* ,? stances in our Lord's lib-, ,,. Prayer, of thc Beatitude* ?m] 0f mou on thc Mount. A coninari Am first three Gospels with cai , V, undeniable proof that there i^**^ body of common traditional i,ar ,' ' deriving them all which i,,,- ' have variously arranged , ' '. The verbal accuracy of une K. . ho maintained only by sucrifh V J his fellows. 44 Still another indication of this view is to be found . the theory cannot he consist It would be in point to rein in cuts of that view that tlx with all Christendom, havi; cor knowledge the error <?! > . ticulars once stoutly deb ??? lineal ancestors of formei . 44 For instance, the claim i , . ' decides these points : 44That there are no : , A. , podes. "'M:*'H 44 That tho year could not i.? ? . uary, because Kve could . ; an apple on thc tree in t; .,; 44That the earth does n thc sun. "-.|| 44 That the stars are not ii 44 That the world was n .. of twenty-four hours each 44 That the coal and fo> by fiat and placed where t .. 44 That witchcraft exists and punished. 44 That resistance to tyranti . , THE IIISTOIUC Til K OXL) Auotherevidence <>f the acter of this view ol Sei the fact that it sets the sei with the Christian. Taki such questions as the si ?;, Pentateuch, the authorshi ? ;.,. the genuineness of the ib- , historic trustworthiness of tin * Luke. Is it not a pity that on truth pull us one way and oui , to creed or our professional success pull us another ? It is a (amity that there should i- .-. pression that scholarshi and piety on the other ; that, should be made to feel t it | Biblical students they become the?18 Christians they are likcl) to bi 44 What, then, is the correct \ ew nature and use of the Bibb . | |lca can be given in a single woi ric. STKVKNS ON INSl'lll Rev. George B. Steven?. I). 1) ;, ,?? of New Testament Histon at V ,:, ed a World reporter pleasai tl\ it I . in New Haven. When ask< I indorse the theory of Dr. Briggs Bible, he very kindly laid U; porter a lecture which he ha I ..? pleted, and which he was to ? , following morning to his students University. His ideas are in Iii i views of Dr. Briggs and < t .or ' students, and he states th? n ?> ? . . clearness. He considers the Bible as tin revelations and discards the linen bal inspiration. He finds di- r<; v, the Bible, thc presence <<f whicl be accounted for on Ihe ll.? inspiration. Here an the ?> lecture : 1. No theory of biblical ina the correct view which denies cies in this historical book. 2. Nor that holds an invariably interpretation of Old Testain. i.i J ;:.. by the New Testament writ<?: 3. Nor that denies the liuiuati . torical elements in all the bii-lica 4. Nor in general any that former inerrancy of Scriptures. A TRUE THEORY <>i INSl'lll KJU 1. A true theory of inspiratioi ? serve the truth that the Itilde - duct and record of a divine ins rat 2. It will maintain tho uniqueness Bible among the religious writings' world. 3. It will make Christ centi il ... record. 4. It will recognize degrees ??: ins tion. 5. It will chiefly emphasize ih ?-? contents of Scriptures and not - G. It will give full weight, a< riling the evidence in each case. lo tin isturia condition and limitation affect ngthei ical books. 7. It will leave room for as new facts and new ti il known. Grouped about these points : . : N vens presented to his class tin view of 14 inspiration :" 44 Inspiration is an intluen which has for its end the revtlal himself to man. Considering il > tion as it has to <lo with the h books of the Bible, the great y- ? tore the Church to-day is how fart books are to be regarded as ' records or expositions of docii extreme view of inspiration atti very words chosen bythebibl * '?' to thc Holy Spirit, and ch:iraci writers as a mere amanucn>e? views arc generally admitted ' ' treme ; and another \i -w, n u I sistent, but which preserves th< oral conception of the suhj< ? b ?? its place. The gradual auaiid this type of theory has been biblical criticism, which explores I ? torical and doctrinal coutci - in a scientific manner and spii ? finds the various books to Inn ly affected by the human conditi surrounded their writer- S the imperfect morality of tl which they belong ; theiatiguai lure is conformed to the limited Iii?' * ? of science and history which - 1 possessed. Theie are in the bil 1 :' such errors and discrepancies as look for in other literatures r ' many centuries of time, and ' *? chiefly in ah uncritical age. 44 Those who accept these results icism can no longer hohl to lb - of inspiration which make tl direct product of divine agei < : to it all traces of human imported mistake. The critical stud} itself alone can decide whettn i errors of chronology and si" lections or not. Theolog) ha? forced to a new method ol ?? : - the subject. Instead of detii - ? ; Vance what must be the facts. Iii? ei made to supply impartially range of history and teaching Bible presents, and to determine ? 1 rately as possible, by an inductive of reasoning, the ways and degre which humau agencies as.>l ' have affected the biblical book; The llalley Case ,?iA * j Abinodox, June4.--J. C. Fowler, ti the Federal Court has received ? * ' from Chief Justice Fuller saying h? warded his decision in the Bade) conveying no idea what it was. I1'*-' has not vet been received. The Mala iu Italy. Ron?, Jim? 4.-T1W) trial at l'ar? ?< W " the Mala Vita Society has euded. r^oi are acquitted, while 165 member* ? " terms of imprlvoumeut varyitiK trom fifteen yeani. Only One Killed' (Gtadevltle Suu.) John C- Francis was killed on IVU-i t <k' j j coumy, Ky., in a fight betweeu Krank rsl? P yraacls, on one aide, aud David J ^ i j Woltord, ou the other. Woltord? Mt * $1,800 each.