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The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, June 12, 1891, Image 2

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The Big Stone Post;
Enterod at the poet office a& Big Stott? Ga?>, Va.,
ttlN?Bd<ItM matter, Nov. Htb, 1&90.
O.C8EAS8 President.
Tkkmx or Sffsscaurnoa:
Ca* Tear, . '.$1.25
Sir Kcai?g,. 75
Pannent strictly In advance.
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Display advertisements per inch, tor each insertion
Legal notices, obituaries, etc.v 10 cents per lino each
la section.
Discount allowed for one column or more.
Friday, June 12,1891.
Mr. Cleveland's Enemies.
Seldom has a public man suffered so
severely from a mere political blunder as
has Mr. Cleveland since he made tbc fatal
mistake of yielding weakly to the crafts 1
and devices of the free trade clique in
Congress. He had been elected by the
aid of the protective element in the Dem?
ocratic party. The lamented Randall can?
vassed New York, New Jersey and Con?
necticut: and through his influence with
the national committee, free trade speak?
ers were excluded from those States. In
his speeches he told the people that Mr.
Cleveland was as sound on the question of'
protection as he was. 'It was generally
believed too that Mr. Randall would be
made Secretary of the Treasury; but,
though the portfolio was twice tendered
him, be declined it. During the first and'
second years of the administration every
thing went smoothly. Had the election
been held at any moment during those
two years Mr. Cleveland would have won
with both hands down. There was not an
intelligent Republican in the country who
believed it possible to defeat him.
But an evil hour came, and it was
hastened by the influence of the late Wil?
liam Dorsheimer who was close to the
President and who used to run down to
Washington and hold long private conver?
sations with him. The writer was in posi?
tion to know much .of what was said during
those long interviews, many of them last?
ing from 8 o'clock until past midnight.
Dorsheimer told Cleveland that it .was
time to bring the leaders of the party into
closer relations with himself, these lead?
ers, according to Dorsheimer's idea, being
exclusively free traders. "Invite Carlisle
and Mills and Breckinridge and Beck and
Blackburn and Bill Scott to diuc with
you." said Dorsheimer, '^and under the in?
fluence of your hospitality they will draw i
nearer to your administration and better j
understandings will result on both!
sides. In after dinner talks there is lessi
formalism and restraint, less artifice and
more cordiality and confidence."
Cleveland finally acted ou this counsel'
He invited Carlisle and Bill Scott to Red
Top. They impressed him. He broke
with Randall?not only broke with him
but entered into a conspiracy to destroy
him. The fameus message followed. The
election followed- the message. Every?
body knows the rest. f
But here is the Kentucky free trade ele?
ment now hatching a conspiracy to de?
stroy Cleveland. They are fixing up a job
on him. The cartoon in Judge, represent?
ing the entire crew who wheedled him into
the self-slaughter that followed the Red
.Top conference, have their knives drawn
on bim and he is falling at this base of
Pompey's statue. It is the old story of
trickery and ingratitude on both sides. It
is politics.' The circumstances however
deprive either side of any sympathy what?
ever from those who are acquainted with
the facts. It is a battle between ingr.ites
and who* in the devil cares which side
shall rise winner or loser?
Meantime the hope of the Democratic
party is crystalizing about Gorman. They
say he is a,partisan. Be it so; but no one
says he is an ingratc. They say he is a
machine man. Be it so; no one ever knew
him to betray a public trust or sacrifice a
personal friend. And what is quite cer?
tain he is not a fool?he is not the author
of the free trade message.
"There is the personification of indomitable
energy and force/' said a gentleman to me
yesterday, as tho tall vigorous figure of Sena?
tor Mills disappeared through the door of the
Appalachian bank, "It is not easy to estimate
what that roan will be worth should he live
ten years," he added. "He is a pusher and
promoter from 'way back. Notwithstanding
the fact that he gives away money like a
prince he always has enough to trade on. He
and a few of his baptist friends bought more
than one hundred lots the other day at New?
port News. He went down there to take ais
children on the sea and he could not help buy?
ing lots of course. He seems to make money
for everybody who goes in with him and he
retains the confidence of his associates who
are ever ready to embark with him in new
projects. He has the whole baptist church in
Virginia at his back. He. educates a half
dosen nephews and nieces besides his own
children, puts up money in every new enter?
prise that has merit, and I have never seen
him broke. Where he gets money from these
hard times it is difficult to tell; but begets it.
He knows everybody from Black mountain to
the Blue ridge, and when he gets crowded for
cash ho has only to mount his horse and every
old stocking or hole in the wall, within a i
radius of fifty miles about Wallen's ridge,
will yield its bidden treasure. Always cheer?
ful and full of hope, hard times leave no
wrinkles on his brow, and the darker the finan?
cial clouds become the darker his beard grows.
Not a hair of his head whiten*." As the gen?
tleman said this the Senator emerged from
the bank sti^fBng a huge roll of heavy hills in
bis pocket, and the cool western breeze from
the Gap whistled joyoualy through his long
raven whiskers.
For mr psrt, assuming that the facts justi?
fied the verdict of the jury, I heartily rejoice
at tho downfall and disgrace of Sir William
Gordon Cumming. The verdict does not in?
volve imprisonment, but it involves disgrace
which is worse. When a man cheats at cards
he Is capable of committing, almost any form
of theft. He preys upon the innocent and the
honorable. I have known young fellows who,
would scorn taking the slightest adv antage of
their adversaries bceome so passionately .ad?
dicted to play that they would go deliberately
against what.they- believed to bo a brace game,
where they knew..they.would be robbed, rather,
than be without the exdtement. Fools indeed
they were; but. the thieves, knowing then?
weakness, would combine to ruin them, From
all I hear of the various gamca I infer that the
difficultios of winning are sufficiently great
even in a game among gentlemen. When re?
sults are summed up the losers are invariably
in the majority. What becomes of the cash?
Has the devil an invisible paw with which he
reaches out and gathers in the shekels? Where
does he put them? They certainly disappear
as by some slight o' hand. Truly I believe
the devil is invisibly present at every game
and pockets the profits, though he scorns to
appropriate the promises to pay and the checks
that are doom od to the cold and brutal endorse?
ment of the bank cashier, "no funds."
Any man who has an honorable calling is a
fool to play with trained gamblers, even
when they do not cheat. It is their business.
They have no other pursuit and they think of
nothing else. Practice and study render them
superior to the amateur. The percentage is
always heavily against the "sucker." All the
accidents are against him, since the trained
gambler makes no mistakes. The ever watch?
ful eye misses nothing that will aid the judg?
ment. In the end, usually before the end,
these advantages tell heavily.
There are men too who associate with gen?
tlemen and claim to be gentlemen and come of
gentle blood who live by their superior skill at
cards. Thackeray calls them Rooks, because
they pluck tho pigeons. Rawdon Crawley, of
the Horse Guards, was ono of them. Captain
Crawley would take a young, rich pigeon in
charge and, gaging the young fellow's nerve
and staying qualities, would pluck him gently
at first, but always firmly. If he found the
pigeon had spirit and capacity to stand punish?
ment, he would take feathers out by the hand
full. The Captain too would invariably lose
during the early stages of the game. But, like
a great general, his genius would rise with the
danger, and toward the close he would, with
consummate skill and boldness, make some
prodigious plays which would place him "on
velvet." Those familiar with his play hesitat?
ed to stake their money against a man of such
sudden resources and brilliant and overpower?
ing skill.
* ?
Sir William Gordon?Cumming must be one
of this class. Iu his testimony, his brother-in
law attributed the nervous movement of his
fingers to the affliction of St. Vitas Dance,
which he said attacked him when laboring un?
der excitement. It was manifest, that the
Prince was not pleased with this movement,
and even complained of it. But in the heat of
play he often failed to observe it.
* *
The scandal reminds me of a number of
[ cartoons which I collected from the obscure
book sellers iu London and had bound. They
pictured the scandals which were current iu
I London under Geo. Ill, and were done by Gilray
I and Rawlinson. Gilray was a wonderful
j artist, a young man of amazing genius in his
! way, who so mercilessly caricatured the vices
[ of the Prince of Wales, afterwards Geo. IV,
I and of his associates, that the Prince hired as
I sassius to kill him. So savagely did they per
I sue him that the poor fellow could not sleep
' two nights in the same lodgings. Hunted and
I hounded, he finally committed suicide before
j reaching his thirtieth year. He represented
I Fox and Sheridan, and lady Jersey and Mrs.
Fitzherbert and a number of others at the
gaming table where lady Archer cheated and
where the Prince of Wales and Fox invariably
lost. One scene represents lady Archer turn?
ing a card from the bottom, all of Fox's money
in the ceuter of the table, and that great man
turning his pious eyes to heaven and bidding
adieu to his last shilling.
* * j
Indeed the diaries of the time are full of ac?
counts of these scenes. Horace Walpole tells
how the young lords lost "five, ten and fifteen
thousand pounds in an evening;" how "Lord
Stavordale, not one and twenty, lost eleven
thousand last Tuesday, but recovered it by one
great hand at hazard." Fifty-five thousand
dollars in an evening is a goodly sum to wiu or
lose truly; hut Charles James Fox lost over
$500,000 within a year. Lord Holland, his
father, paid him out; but the parent's generosi- '
ty did not check his passion for play. He was
always in debt. He always owed the Jews, j
One morning after repeated promises to pay!
the Shylocks, one called on him. Mr. Fox en?
tered the room in his dressing gown. "Well
father Israel" said he to the Jew "what can I
do for you to-day?"
"Mizder Vox I call to zee if it wud be agree?
able for you to zettle dat liddlc matter of a"
tousand pounds." "Impossible," said Mr.
"Vill you appoiudt a day ven you vill zed
die?" said the Jew. "Vcs," said Fox?"judg?
ment day."
"Veil Mizder Fox," replied Father Isreal,
who had a certain vein of humor, "I persume
you vill be sufficiently engaged on dat day,
widout me to bodder you?vill you appoiudt
auoder day?" ?
"Vcs," said Fox promptly, "the day after."
However horrible the present scandal may
appear to the pious, it is not worse than those
which involved the court of the Georges. I
don't know that the present Prince of Wales is
more wicked than his predecessors, but he
seems to he doing all that can he reasonably
expected of him toward following in their foot?
Looked Terrible, but He Wasn't.
(Detroit Free Press./
William M. Springer is one of the ablest
letters-on in American politics. To see him
make a speech in the House is to be convinced
that there must be bloodshed before he is
through, yet Mr, Springer is internally as
placid as a mud turtle in the sun. One day
last winter he was making a speech on a par?
tisan subject, when, as excitement seemed to
get the better of him, he strode down the aisle
and across to the Republican side, gesticulat?
ing like a Dutch windmill and yelling his aw?
ful threats at that side of the house. Stran?
gers iu the gallery began to move restlessly in
their seats and wondering why nobody on*the
floor seized the desperate man before he com?
mitted some overt act of madness; and they
shuddered as the terrible speaker, with clench?
ed list and livid face, stalked up a Republican
aisle aud seemed bent on having the life of
Congressman Cannon. Here, bendiug low
over Mr. Cannon. Mr. Springer seemed sure?
ly about to strike his brother illinoisan full in
the face, when all of a sudden he brought his
speech to a close, and, still bending over Mr.
Cannon, said to him in a low, calm tone: "Joe,
smell of that rose in my buttonhole. Isn't it
I The Immigrants Still Coming. ,
t& Y. Sun.)
The extraordinary number of 17,500 immi?
grants arrived at this port last week from
various countries of Europe* and of this vast
body of people less than 100 were debarred as
undesirable. J$y inquiries of the inspectors,
it was learned that nearly three-quarters of
newcomers left the city, the majority of them
going to the Western States. The advices
from European ports recently received at the
Karge O?icc lead to the conclusion that the
immigration of 18i>I will far surpass that of
any previous year.
--,? '?-?fr.? ?? . ? .
The Largest Electric Railroad.
(Savannah News.)
North Carolina is to have a forty-one-mile
electric railway, running from Ashevilie to
Kutherfordton,*for which the power operating
the electric works is to be furnished by water.
The road, when completed, will be the longest
electric railroad in the world,.and the only one
built to operate both freight and passenger
cars. Though Ruihcrfordtbo is 120 years old,
it never had a railroad of any kind until with- J
in the last two years.
The Trial in the Case of Sir William
Gordon-Camming Against his Ac?
cusers Brought to a Close.
(London Dispatch.)
When the case was finally given to the
jurv everybody seemed relieved. The
jury were absent only fifteen minutes.
During the few minutes that the jury
were out the plaintiff sat quietly in his
usual seat reading a big batch of letters.
His brother-in-law, Lora Middleton, and
other friends who gat near Cumming, were
very nervous and clearly showed it by
their actions and continous, hurried
The five defendants were also nervous
and chatted in low tones with their
friends, evidently being most* anxious to
hear the result and to get away from the
scene of their seven days of torture.
I When the clerk of the court suddenly
announced" the jury was ready to report,
there was a movement of surprise through?
out the audience. The jury re-entered
their box looking rather frightened and
very nervous. After the clerk of the
court had polled the jury, the lord chief
justice addressing the jury, said: "Gen?
tlemen of the jury, have you agreed upon
a verdict?"
"Yes," almost whispered the foreman,
standing up and bowing.
"Is it for the plaintiff or for the defend?
ants?" asked the lord chief justice.
"For the defendants" apswered the
foreman in a low voice.
The announcement of the verdict was
received with slight hissing from the gal?
leries where the ladies congregated and
upon the part of some of those in the
body of* the court, who were in sympathy
with the plaintiff. The court had difficul?
ty for some time in suppressing these
marks of principally feminine disappro?
bation of tho vcrvict. They were, how?
ever, eventually suppressed and as the
court room began to be vacated by the
deeply interested chatting audience the
curtain may be said to have been lowered
over the Trauby Croft comedy.
When the verdict was pronounced,
dimming, to all appearances, was the niost
unmoved man in court. He folded his
arms and looked straight at the jury but
otherwise did not move a muscle of his
face, not showing the slightest trace of
emotion. His brother-in-law, Lord Mid?
dleton, however, flushed scarlet and then
-turned very pale.
Mrs. Arthur Wilson and Mrs. Lycctt
Green were also noticed to turn pale when
the verdict was rendered and were evi?
dently badly frightened when they heard
the hisses which greeted it.
The two ladies stood for several minutes
whispering earnestly with their counsel,
and then, accompanied by their husbands,
they passed slowly out of frue court with
bowed heads, nobody speaking to them,
and to* all appearances objects of much
dislike. In fact, so frightened and down?
cast was the bearing of the defendents,
uuless Berkeley Lycett be excepted, that
anybody would have taken them for peo?
ple who had just had a crushing, wither?
ing verdict rendered against them instead
of being, according to law, victors in a
long scries of well contested legal bat?
tles, in which the honor of an entire fam?
ily was pittied against the honor of the
man who has just been non-suited "the
Wilson win" had as if by magic
spread from the court room to the crowd
outside aud from there all over London,
and it was again made evident as the de?
fendants drove away by the chilling man?
ner in which they were regarded, that
popular sympathy was with the guest of
Trnnby Croft, whose future was now as
black looking as that of a man condemn?
ed to a long time of imprisonment for
some heinous crime.
In the meanwhile how different was the
greeting extended to Sir William Gordon
Cumming. When Wilson had disappear?
ed, Baronet, stood up and gratefully smil?
ing, shook hands with Sir Edward Clarke
and with others who pressed around
him with many cheering words of sym?
pathy for the man whose career was thus
blighted beyond hope. The soldierly
form of Sir William instead of shrinking
beneath the blow which had been dealt
him seemed to be proudly drawn up to its
full height as he walked slowly but stead- (
ily to the little table close by put on his
overcoat, carefully placed his hat on his
head and accompanied by Lord Middleton
walked out of the court by one of the
private exits, followed by pitying glances
of the ladies who still remained in the
galleries anxious to have the last glimpse
of the victim of the Trnnby Croft bacca
rat playing.
Sir William and Lord Middlcton were
no sooner recognized as they entered the
latter's carriage than they were loudly,
repeatedly and enthusiastically cheered
by the dense excited crowds packing
every approach to the new law courts.
This reception contrasted vividly and
most significantly with the totally different
manner, the dead silenco, with which the
Wilsons were greeted as they drove away.
One of the jurymen who was interview?
ed after the court had finally adjourned,
said that there was no doubt, from the
first moment he entered the private room,
as to how the verdict would go. Each of
the jurymen, he said, was asked whether
he was for the plaintitf or for the defen?
dant, and each reply was given without
hesitation and immediately, "for defend?
ants." One juryman frankly admitted
his sympathy with the plaintiff, but was
so struck with the unanimity of opinion
which prevailed in favor of the defend?
ants that although he would have liked to
have found for the plaintiff, he said that
he could not conscientiously do so in the
face of the evidence which had been pre?
sented on behalf of the defence. The
interviewed juryman said in conclusion
that it appeared to him that the jury had
made up their minds as to the verdict
before the Lord Chief Justice had sum?
med it up and made his charge.
The Prince's Testimony.
At the conclusion of the examination
of Sir William the Prince of Wales was
called to the witness box.
The Prince half smiled when he arose
from his arm chair and walked slowly to
the witness box, his every movement
watched by all present. The Prince gave
his testimony in a clear unruffled manner.
In aubstauce the Prince said:
"I have known the plaintiff for twenty
years, have been his friend for the past
ten years. He visited my house several
times. Our intimacy continued unim?
paired until last September. I observed
nothing suspicious in the plaintiff's play
at Tranby Croft. I was first informed of
the reports current in regard to Sir Wil?
liam Gordon-Cuinming by Lord Coveutry."
Continuing, the Prince of Wales said
that the sad event (the charges brought
against Sir William Gordou-Cumming)
broke up the party at Tranby Croft. He,
the Prince, sealed the document up, put
it in a packet and sent it to his secretary.
The document inside the packet,-, the,
Prince explained, was the statement of
three gentlemen and two ladies, whose
names had been mentioned (Mr." and Mrs;
Lycett Green, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Wil?
son, and Mr. Berkeley Levett.)
The Prince was cross-examined by Sir
Charles Russell.
"Have you met Sir William Gordon
since tho occurrence at Tranby Croft?"
asked Sir Charles.
"No," answered the Prince.
"And you have intimated that you can
not meet him?"
"It would be more agreeable not to do
At this stage Sir Edward Clarke, lead?
ing counsel for the plaintiff, interrupted
by remarking to the Prince: "I do not
ask your Highness to remain in court any
longer than necessary, but?"? Here a
bold juror interrupted him and thereby
caused a sensation by standing up in his
place and deliberately asking the Prince
in a loud voice: "Are the jury to under?
stand that you were banking on these two
occasions and saw nothing of the alleged
The Prince hesitated Tor a moment, and
said, with a half smile: "It is very easy
for a banker when dealing cards not to
sec anything, especially when in the com?
pany of friends in a country house. You
do not suppose for a moment that any one
will play unfairly."
The juror asked: "What was your
opinion at the time of the charges made
against the plaintiff?"
The Prince replied: "The charges made
against him were so unanimous that I had
not any other course open to me than to
believe I hem."
When the murmurs of astonishment
which greeted the juror's question and
the Princes' answer had subsided, Sir
Edward Clarke, seeing that he must do
everything possible to regain the ground
which seemed to have been lost by the
plaintiff in the estimation of the jurymen,
said, addressing the Prince of Wales: "I
take it that Your Highness' answer to the
firs I question put to you by the juror sub?
stantially was that you had not seen any
malpractices during the games of bacca?
rat played at Tranbv Croft last Septem?
ber? '
The P incc assented to this, and his
examination was concluded.
Sensational Incident.
[London Dispatch.]
When Sir Charles Russell sat down, af?
ter having made a most able speech for
the defense, there was a murmur of sur?
prise, counsel for the defendants having
closed his address rather unexpectedly.
Hardly had Sir Charles taken his seat mid
while defendants' counsel was still receiv?
ing the congratulations of his friends, the
Solicitor General, Sir Edward Clarke,
counsel for the plaintiff, took the floor and
in a few sentences tersely invited the at?
tention of the jury, his whole manner in?
dicating that a sensation was coming, Sir
Edward Clarke commenced by Baying thai
it had been the "common talk" that the
Prince of Wales' continual presence in
in court during the trial of this suit had
been for the purpose of restraining the
tongues of the lawyers engaged in the case
from commenting upon the Prince of
Wales' connection with it. This remark
caused a sensation, but it was nothing to
what followed further utterances of coun?
sel for the plaintiff.
Continuing, Sir Edward Clarke inti?
mated that the presence of the Prince of
Wales in court would not prevent him
from making any comment necessary,
Saying that he, as counsel, had a painful
duty to perform and that he intended to
perform it honestly and fairly. His oppo?
nents, he continued, had always been care?
ful to allude to him, counsel for the plain
tig, as the "Solicitor General," and he
While I am proud of that title, I must
remind the jury that I appear in this ease
simply as an English barrister and 1 am
obliged to disregard friendships and even
my own interests and comment on the
conduct and evidence of one of the highest
in the land."
Sir Edward Clarke, as he uttered these
last words, turned squarly around until he
faced the Prince of Wales, upon whom
every eye in court was then fixed, and who
nervously crossed his legs, while the au- '
dience was utterly aghast at what was
considered to be the audacity of the Solic?
itor General, in several directions the
whispered comment: "Why, he is going
to attack the Prince of Wales!" was dis?
tinctly heard, and caused all attention to
be riveted upon the plaintiff's counsel.
Continuing, the Solicitor General re?
marked that Sir Charles Russell, for the
defendants, had said that "even if the jury
found for the plaintiff, and disregarded
the document the latter had signed at
Tran by Goff,the military authorities would
take the matter up, and Sir William Gor
don-Cuinming's name would be, stricken
from the army list."
"I wish to say, in unmistakable terms,"
exclaimed Sir Edward Clarke, raising his
voice until it echoed tellingly through the
court, "that it would be impossible for
the authorities to do any such thing, and
leave on that list the names of the Field
Marshal, the Prince of Wales, and Gen.
Owen Williams."
This bold statement seemed to complete?
ly take away the breath of the audience
and caused by far the greatest sensation
of the entire trial. A hushed murmur of
astonishment, not unmixed with dismay
and some irritation, and taking several
seconds, swept here and there about the
court room like breakers on a rocky coast.
One must thoroughly understand the al?
most religious worship of royalty which
prevails throughout Great Britain to
clearly understand the full meaning, the
crushing significance of the Solietor Gen?
eral's words, aimed directly at the heir
apparent. It was as if a thunder-clap had
suddenly shaken the building, and as if a
Hash of lightning had unexpectedly re?
vealed the Prince of Wales in colors, to?
tally unexpected?those of a common mor?
tal, subject to the laws of England, and
according to the Solicitor General's inti?
mation, a possible violator of the military
regulations to the extent that his name
was liable to be struck from the army list.
Amidst this storm, the Prince of Wales
sat on the bench to the left of the Lord
Chief Justice immovable, not a muscle of
his face apparently twitching, leaning his
head upon his arm and endeavoring to ap?
pear totally unconcerned.
Another Account.
New Youk, June 11.?The London spe?
cial correspondent of the Recorder cables
that baccarat iu large type will always be
the heading above the past week in Eng?
land's history. The great gambling scan?
dal has thrown politics, diplomacy, com?
merce and social events completely into
the shade, All the great newspapers have
devoted more solid pages in line type to
showing how the Prince of Wales was rob?
bed by his intimate friend than they gave
to the Parnell Commission, and public in?
terest in the trial has probably exceeded
that of any other ever held. From the
West End drawing-rooms to the East End
Omnibusses the case has been the one
theme of conversation, and a people whose
universal and preferred recreation is gam?
bling in some form or other have revelled
in an exposure distinctly to their taste.
This is not to be wondered at. The inside
history of the case is in many respects
juicy, and the side light it has thrown
upon English social methods is interesting
in more ways than one.
During nil week the Lord Chief Justice's
Court has been the social rendezvous, and
the floor, scuts, side benches and gallery
have been filled with well-known and
beautifully dressed women who had aban?
doned the coaching meet, the Row and all
the afternoon engagements to personally
seo how
in bis kigbly-dramntic Ufo and death
struggle for his reputation. Up to the
time of the Tranby Croft scandal, when be
was charged with cheating at cards, Sir
William Gorden-Cumming was a very im?
portant person. He was head of one of
the oldest and finest families in Scotland;
was a brronct, with $30,000 a year income;
Lieutenant-Colonel in the famous Scots
Guards; an officer repeatedly decorated for
bravery on the battlefield, and one of the
most intimate friends of the Prince of
Wales. Aftea next week he will be ex?
pelled from all his clubs, erased from the
visiting list of every house in England
and cut by all his frionda.
The only choice left him will be to either
blow out bis brains or eke out a miserable
existence in some small town on the Con?
tinent as a branded man. That is the way
they do things in England.
Personal honor is a far more important
quantity in English society than it is in
American. This is not duetto any higher
moral standard or superiority in virtue,
because of the two American society is
really on the higher moral plane. It arises
from the fact that the whole English gam?
bling and betting system is a matter not
of ready money but of
and a'man found to be dishonest receives
no more mercy than a mad dog.
The trial was a fashionable novelty and
luxury. Lady Coleridge, the young and
bewitching wife of the venerable old Chief
Justice, made the most of her oppertunity,
and, seated beside her potent, grave and
reverend lord, was one of the most promi?
nent figures in the court. She took notes,
borrowed his pencils and paper, whispered
opinions to him, nudged him with her fan,
and committed as many other prtty ab?
surdities as If she were a charmingly
dressed Ollendolfexercise. The Prince of
Wales sat on the other side, a little in
front, throughout the case. He wore a
idack frock eoat and lavender gloves. He
took a careful interest in all the proceed?
ings from beginning to end, but he was
not happy. There is no doubt that the
scandal has cost the heir apparent a very
serious loss in popular prestige,
Interesting Cios?ip.
fX, Y. Sun.)
"The non-conformist conscience,"
which, when aroused, Is a powerful factor
in British politics, is already fiinding
voice. At the conference of Welsh Cal
vinislic Methodists which closed on
Thursday this resolution was passed un?
animously ami solemnly entered on the
"That l)iis meeting learns with regret
from tlio proceedings In the High Court
of Justice that the Prince of Wales took
part in a game of baccarat at Tranby
Croft on Sept. 8 last, and gave his coun?
tenance to gambling in one of its insid?
ious and ruinous forms by the force of
his example, thus encouraging this vice
among the people. We would also res?
pectfully submit to his Royal Highness
that by conduct such as this he offends
the religious sense of the people; he
drags down the royal house from the high
position in which it has for a lengthened
period stood and tends to lessen that lov?
ing and devoted affection to the throne
which, as a religious bodv, has ever been
cherished by us and we still tfcsjr-e to
che risli.''
This resolution was passed before Sir
Edward Clarke had elicited the truth as
to the ownership of the baccarat coun?
ters, otherwise the adjective would have
been much stronger. Other protest? arc
being prepared but most of them will be
prudently withheld until next week, when
the jury will have passed judgment on Sir
William Gordon-Cumming and his pecu?
liar play. It is open to argument whether
the* Welsh Methodists have not beon
guilty of contempt of court in formulat?
ing publicly an opinion iu connection with
the case while in progress,
Meanwhile public opinion Is again be?
ing called to the evil* of gambling. The
London City Mission, which labors chiefly
among the very poor of this metropolis,
sorrowfully reports to-day: "Gambling
appears to have greatly increased of late
years in all classes of society. It seems
"to pervade every neighborhood and the
missionaries testify to itts existence to an
alarming extent among men., women and
children. They have warned both old
and yonng against the consequences of
this vice, and not altogether without suc?
If the missionaries were to pay a visit
some afternoon to fashionable Bond street
they would find a woman who professes to
tell fortunes installed in sumptuous rooms
which are crowded daily by men and
women whose names may be found in the
Court Directory. Many of the ^men
doubtless visit the places because the
sibyl is young and handsome, displays a
beautiful pair of bare arms and casts
horoscope while holding the inquirer's
wrists and gazing into his soul with a
pair of the eyes described as "gazelle
like." Hut the women who throng this
impudent geromaneer's luxurious lodgings
go there with superstitious intent and the
impostor bids fair to have realized a com?
petency before she is laid by the heels.
At Oxford a man has just been heavily
fined fur tempting under-graduates to bet,
and the magistcrcd investigation proved
that gambling prevails in the university
to a scandalous extent. Ministers of all
religious denominations who, as recorded
in the Sun, started a crusade a few
months ago against gambling, are appall?
ed by the accumulating evidence of wide?
spread existence of the evil and the var?
iety of its forms. They fear, and with
good reason, that the publicity given to
the baccarat scandal will add to their dif?
ficulties, for people who have read ver?
batim reports of the evidence will by this
time be able to play the wicked game,
and they have also learned, thanks to Mr.
Stanley Wilson and his ingenious young
friends, how to improvise an orthodox
baccarat table out of the most unpromis?
ing and homely materials.
Sir William Gordon-Cumming, by the
way, has authorized a denial, which was
yesterday published in almost every news?
paper in Europe, of the statement that
he is engaged to Miss Florence Garner of
New York. Nevertheless, it was only
yesterday ofternoon that an application
was made to the Archbishop of Canter?
bury for a special license for a marriage
between "Florence Josephine Garner,
spinster," and "SirWilliam Gordon-Cum?
ming, Bart. Lieutenant-Colonel Scots
Guards, bachelor, of age." It is proba?
ble that the wedding will take place on
Monday or Tuesday.
It is understood that the marriage ol
Mr. Parnell and Mrs. O'Sbca will take
place some time this month, and rumors
are in circulation, for which there is
probably not the least foundation, that
he will signalize the interesting occasion
by retiring from public life. Politics in
Ireland are fast degenerating into person?
al squabbles of the most ignoble charac?
ter, and moderate men, unblinded by par?
tisan passions, are yearning for the re?
lease of Mr. Dillon and Mr. O'Brien, who,
it is hoped, will lift the national cause out
of the rut into which it has been allowed
to fall.
Press Comment.
London, June 11.?In referring to the
result of the Baccarat.Case the Post says:
"We do not desire to add to this anguish
over the sad ending of a brilliant career,
but the fact remains that the signing of
the document rendered it impossible for
the eminent and dextrous counsel to re?
habilitate the honor which Cummiughim?
self treated so lightly."
The News says: "In our judgment no
other verdict was possible. Cummiifg's
signing of the paper was damning, Pub?
lic disappointment is due not to dissatis?
faction but to the inadequateness of the
verdict to meet the aspects of the case,
The Prince of Wales failed in the middle
course ho adopted, but it has yet to be
proved that his attempt was more than a
grave indiscretion. The pity of it all is
not there bat in the presence of the heir
to the throne at the head of a baccarat
table. The Prince is bound to a pure,
simple and cleanly life as an example of
his future subjects. Woe to the monarchy
when it can no longer perform what may
fairly be called its last surviving use. It
is grotesque to have the Prince carrying
about baccarat counters wherever he goes I
as a Mahommedan carries his praying
carpet." |
The Telegraph warmly defends the
Prince of Wales against everyting but in?
discretion and a great error of judgment.
From a military point of view it says the
signing of the paper "was a condonation,
but the error was prompted by such an
obvious leniency and kindness of heart
that his generous and true hearted coun?
trymen will speedily forgive and forget.'
The Chronicle has a scathing article
condemning the jury's finding and Lord
Colridge particularly. It says evidence
was adduced inconsistent with the hypo?
thesis that Cumming merely played the
well-known coup dc trois. It says: "The
verdict meanB according to the jury that
Cumming deliberately cheated an illus?
trious but impecunious friend by a trick
requiring long and toilsome years to ac?
quire; that though twenty years an habit?
ual card player, without provoking the
slightest suspicion, he suddenly plunged
into wild and ostentatious orgies, cheat?
ing the only man in the world on whose
patronage his social and professional life
depended. There is nothing incredible in
Cumining's signing the damning docu?
ment on the strength of the statement of
the Prince of Wales' cringing minions
dooming him to a fate worse than death
in order to save what the Prince of Wales
is pleased to call his honor. Camming is
not the first gallant Scottish gentleman
who has sacrificed both honor and life to
the fervid passion of Ioyality to a Prince
whose devotion has been rewarded by
cruel ingratitude. He has this satisfac?
tion?that no other man without the soul
of flunkey has ever run the smallest per?
sonal risk for the sake of the Heir Appar
ent's honor."
The Latest.
London*, June 11.?Sir William Gordon
Cumming was married yesterday morn?
ing at II o'clock in the fashionable Holy
Trinity church at Chelsea to Miss Flor?
ence Garner, the daughter of the late
Commodore Win. Garner, of New York
City. Lord Thurlow gave the bride away.
Major Vesey Dawson, of the Cold Stream
Guards, was the best man. Rev. R.
Eyton officiated. The marriage was prac?
tically a pecret, only twelve people being
present at the ceremonies. The bride
looked charmingly happy and Sir William
proud-looking, cool and entirely self-pos?
sessed. There was no trace in lus per?
sonal appearance of depression or emo?
tion resulting from yesterday's verdict in
the court of the Queen's Bench.
Echoes of the baccarat scandal suit
still fill the air. Solicitor General Sir j
Edward Clarke, who so ably argued the
case, is ill and thoroughly exhausted to?
day. He has entirely lost the use of his j
voice and is obliged to retire from an im- J
portant case in which he was retained fori
to-day. Denunciation of Prince of Wales
by newspaper prcs3, especially by the j
Tory press, has caused tremendous sensa?
tion throughout Great Britain and it is
freely asserted that revelations made dur?
ing the trial of the baccarat scandal suit
in the court are judged to have done more
to imperil monarchy than any event which
has taken place for many years past in
England. The flat assertion is made by
the Daily Chronicle that until the Prince
of Wales on oath, swears as his confeder?
ates did, that he, the Prince, did not vio?
late the solemn pledge he gave to Sir.
Wm. Gordon Cumming, he, the heir ap?
parent, rests under an imputation of his
honor quite a3 shameful as that which the
jury put upon Sir William Gordon Cum?
ming and reflects the general feeling on
the subject.
The Game of Baccarat.
Although the game of baccara, or bac?
carat, has been introduced in this coun?
try in a modified form, it is comparatively
unknown here. It is played with the or?
dinary playing cards, and is very simple
in its details and freer from complications
than most games at cards. Any number
of players may participate, ami as many
packs of cards may be used as necessary,
the number being increased to correspond
with the number of players. One mem?
ber of the party is selected to act as
banker. He deals out the cards from a
box similar to a cigar box, after they have
been shuffled. The face cards each count
ten, and the others according to the num?
ber of their spots. After the bets have
been made the banker deals two cards to
each of the players, including himself,
but the other players must receive their
cards before the banker is served.
The aim of the plavers is to make the
numbers 9, H), 28, or as nearlv those as
possible, as 8, 18 and 28. Any player is
at liberty either to "stand" or to be "eon
tent" with the two cards first dealt, or to
call for more, at the risk of exceeding
*29, when his stake is forfeited to the
dealer. If, after the first distribution of I
two cards to each, any player has a
"natural"?that is, a sum making 1), or
next in value, 19?he declares it wins,
and the banker pays all who hold super?
ior hands to his own, and claims from
those holding inferior hands. The play?
ers stake their money separately, there
being, in fact, as many separate games in
progress as there are players, and the
spectators may wager their money on any
one of them, all of which must be accept?
ed by the banker.
The great difficulty to an ordinarily
prudent baccarat player is to know when
to leave off. Even the strongest-minded
can scarcely trust thoir judgment in this
respect, so it may be readily imagined
what sort of chance any vacillating
player has of being successful at the
There are certain matters in connection
with the Trauby Croft baccarat affair that
arc worth considering. Sir William is
alleged to have resorted to a form of I
cheating known as "poussette"?that it,
adding to the stake when the banker has
lost and decreasing it when he ha3 won.
Now, had the table been better conduct?
ed, it would have been impossible for this
to have, occurred. Prior to the banker
making a start he states the amount in
the bank?for example, ?30. Any one
sitting down at the table has the right to
call the whole of the bark, selecting the
left or the right on which to pick up" the
cards. If the bank is not called, then
the banker proceeds to deal to ?'2o a side,
or as much of it as may be "marked" or
called?the former meaning that the
money is placed on the table; the latter,
that the bauker has accepted the bet
without the money being staked. The
latter course, however, is quite the ex?
ception, the ready coin being invariably
planked. Previous to the banker dealing
the cards it is the duty of two croupiers,
one on the right and the other on the
left, to count up the stakes deposited on
either side, and then make up the bank.
Thu8 he banker knows to the smallest
com he exact amount of instabilities.
tranby Croft no one attempting the
WOttld.have "cod an earthly
tog bis stake!11" ,nCm8ing ?r deCrW"
A Oulet City.
(N. Y. Sun.)
i. sun.)
Since the time of the lynching in New
t?,^? fy \** uuuauaVquie*
The stilletto has been used with less fre
among the Italuna Jus diminished, and
THE LAST OF f' ?>? ,{
RcxnarkAble Men V?ho }j lVl ...
Tennesse? I'oJlih
A picturesque and importai
the field of Southern polilh -
last week in the death I..
ly self-administered, of!..
Knoxvillc district, the
of the quartet of sturdy T, ?
men, Brownlow, Johnson, .'
Houk, who upheld the ham
iu the mountains ofeasti rn i
ing the war, and kept t: at Vt
as well as eastern Kentn
North Carolina and \ ?
firm in opposition tot,,
of the cotton Stat< -.
Maynard's successor fr<
district in the House oi i.
just as Johnson was Ri :
in the Senate. Brow ii 1 .
Honk resided in Knoxvilh
iu Greenville, a short dim
ville. Brownlow was ! ? i
Virginia; Johnson in Ital
nard iu Massachuscl i s. .. .
vier county. Tenn. Ii- h . -
of the lour. The f< tu ol
never daunted either ol I]
the most remarkable in
furnished in Ihe case of Ji
campaign for Govcnor,
tbieatened with assassinati
the speaker's plaifoi in,
laid the weapon <>:, tlx I
" Fellow citizens, 1 hav.
that part of th?> 1 itsincs
on the present occasion i
tion ot the indit ichial
honor of addressing you 1
fully to propose thai (hit:
sincss iu order. Then ,
has come here to-night ;? i
indicated. 1 do ii"i say t
speak, but let him shoot!"
pause until Johnson said
it appears that 1 ha*? c bei
I will now proceed to ad lr?
subject that has called u ,
four leaders of the 1 nion
sec were orignally Dcmoct
was by trade a tailor, i
pentcr and Honk a cabiui
nard taught schon! Jol nson
Brownlow in IS77, and M;
Judge Houk, who died 1:
ucated in the mountain .
three months' schooling. ?
working at his t rade. lb
the fireside at nights. . n
admitted to the bar it. Kin
breaking out ot the war
to the loyal East Tenn<
joined at ?.'."> the Union art
soldier; was promoted t t In
the First Tennessee In:
bcr of the State Com en .
cd the new Tennessee 1
made Judge of the Scv< i
Circuit in 186*0; was a ui
tional Republican Convi
in 1878. lie was a Repui
187-2: then Rcprcscntaiiv?
the Tennessee Legislatun
six Congresses, bet n ecu
and 1891. Maynard, In
grcssman was United Stal
Turkey and Postmaster '!
low was United States Si n
cnor of the State. Johnson
man, Govcnor. Senator,
and President of I he Unil I
A new order of men and
replaced and supcrccdi d I
ucfisce, and this change is
the death of Judge Houk. I
connection with the ihn
and toll gates. That pai I
now alive with milling I
industry, the new entei; i
iu Tennessee, iron furnac ? .
ries, bolt and bridge w bvV
and quarrying concerns anno;:
single year to $21,000,000.
Judge Houk was the lasi >i .
0U8 Republicans of Teunet
of war times and the da; - i :
tion which preceded that bh
Tin Plate's State in Gr? it
(Loutlon Timi ?
The bulk of makers si e:n
to carry out their rcsoivi lo
works during July, notwitli
strenuous efforts which hav
on the part of the vvorkmi :.
consideration of the positio
ers point out that the *l ? ?
in England and America at
and ahalf million boxes, v. i.i
weeks make. It is due ci
cumulation of plates in An
ipation of the tariff w Ii ich,
the present arrangemcnl. eon
on July 1. It in argui d I.
present no demand foi
June, and that unless tl
reduced by a million boxes
page agreed on only in
prices can prevail. The ? - n
ed to the association that
representing 396 mills, ovei ???
of the whole of the mills
Monmouthshire, and Glcu<
agreed to stop lor the in ntl
July, though some had nl
and a few will stop for foui
a period of two or three m
And Quay ami Wunum iln . < ? ?
(Philadelphia i '.?
There are Philadelphia ami !
behold them! Philadelphia ?
Treasurer in prison ; with oi
in prison and another a fugitiv
with two bank cashier- iintl
criminal charges; w ith fn .
a million of city money stol ??
nearly a million of the State
in the robbery; with the ass
bezzlers shivering and skulk
ure, and with the corrupt i
has had money and plundei ?
gling to save itself from tl
tribution?what a fearful hai
sheaves we are gathering!
A Pound Gap lt?
(Giadeviiii- ?
Mr. Samuel Craft went t tl
to the election, and a trap was
A man told him where to sei
oak iu a laurel thicket.
place the bottle as directed.
a thick bunch of ivy and u al
thrust at his neck with <t !.'?
an adroit'spring he avoided t.
There was a lot of had bloc I, j
at the Lower Found on elect!
the vigilant interference oi
difficulty was suppressed.
The Huckster** Heven*;
(From the Detroit Fr< ? l'r? s
The huckster drove up to thed
on Cass avenue, and the cook mi I
basement entrance.
''Want,any strawberries to-day ?*
as pleasant as a basket of chips.
"No," said tho woman sbarph .
"Ner sparrow grass'.'"
"Ner nice fresh fish?"
"Nerfiue large > eddishes'.'"
"Ner new pertaters jest from tho V\
jies, warranted to keep their e> es s!
policeman c?mes in at the back do
"No," aud the cook got red iu tlx
"Ner new turnip (greens, ner p .
nage, ner-?"
"No, we don't want any of vom trui k
"Bill," he sang out to the boy.
thar?we've struck a boardiu' bouse.
Jailed for Rape.
Miixi-osT, Juuc 11.?A negro by U.
Matthew? was sent to jail last night
bond tor an atu-mpt to rape. Ue enter* I
two young ladle* of ililtjwrt the t i;ut
made au alarm, and, the negro Bed. n >? ??
by Kennedy McAdaiu* with dojs ami catkin

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