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The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, June 26, 1891, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87060150/1891-06-26/ed-1/seq-2/

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Enteret! at tb? post ofiee at Big Stone Gap, Vn,,
at secoad-claM matter, Nov. iah, 1890.
LKABIXG PAPER OF SOUTH WIEST VA.
PCBUSnXD wbkklt ?ST TW
BIG STONE POST PUBLISHING Co.
0,C 8EAR8 PRSUOCNT.
Tkkmsj or Suasccurriox:
One Year,.$1.25
Sis Month*,. 75
Payment strictly in advance.
ADVKKTiaxe Ram:
Display advertisements per lncb, for each Insertion
$1.00
Legal noticed, obituaries, etc., 10 cents per lino each
insertion.
Discount allowed for one column or mare.
Friday, June 26,1891.
The Post has recently made an addition
to the force in its job office. This new
expense is incurred that job work may
be turned out more expeditiously and sat?
isfactorily. But the difficulty in making
prompt collections for the work done,
renders it necessary that this department
be conducted on strictly a cash basis.
Hereafter therefore, bills will accompany
all packages and must be paid on the
delivery of the goods. The work is done
at Louisville aud Cincinnati prices, and
the margin of profit is not sufficient to jus?
tify us in carrying our customers. Bills
for advertisements are payable monthly,
and they must be met promptly on presen?
tation or the advertisements will be dis?
continued.
Kentucky's Constitution.
The people of Kentucky arc becoming
greatly agitated over the discussion of the
proposed new constitution. The instru?
ment was adopted by the convention, but
it must be rutified by a popular vote, and
this vote will be taken in August.
While some of the new provisions
would prove highly advantageous to the
State there are many others which seem to
have emanated from a convention of the
Farmer's Alliance if not from a conclave
of Chicago Anarchists and, on the whole,
the' adoption of the instrument, as it
stands, would result in great injury to the
industrial interests of the State, and
indeed to the entire South.
Here is one very absurd provision:
Sec. 198.?No corporations in existence at
the time of the adoption of this Constitution
shall have the benefit of the future legislation
without first filing in the office of the Secre?
tary of State an acceptance of the provisions
of this Constitution.
Now there are other provisions of the
constitution which involve the sacrifice of
vested rights, aud as they are plainly in
conflict with the constitution of the Uni?
ted States and therefore can not be en?
forced, the clause quoted seems to be a
kind of blackmailing device, by which
the corporations are warned that unless
they surrender their rights under the
constitution of the United States, they
are to be punished by a denial on the
part of the Kentucky Legislature to grant
them privileges or afford them the protec?
tion accorded to the other corporations
that may accede to the base bargain.
The injustice and invalidity jof such a
provision are too palpable to admit of ser?
ious discussion, yet it is hardly more ab?
surd than several others, among which is
the following:
Sue. 201.?No corporation shall issue stock
or bonds except for an equivalent in money
or labor done, or propertv actually received
in payment of stock or bonds at* a greater
value* than the market price at the time said
labor was done or property was delivered, and
all fictitious increase of stock or indebtedness
shall be void.
The chief absurdity of this clause con?
sists in the difficulty of determining what
is the market price of the labor that may
be paid for bonds, and the market price of
the bonds which may never have been
put on the market. Much of the service
rendered by lawyers and projectors to
new corporations is done before the point
of issuing cither stock or bonds has been
reached, and one man's services are often
worth ten times as much as another man's
services. To deny the incorporators
and officers a new company of the
power of making a contract and fixing
the value of such services at once, would
not only deprive both the agent or ser?
vant and the corporation of a right to
make a contract which is not injurious to
others, but it would open the door to end?
less litigation, aud a degree of uncertain?
ty would result which would be fatal to a
large number of enterprises that might
prove of the greatest value to the State
at large as well as to individuals owning
property which they wish to develop.
But the fundamental objection to such
provisions is the infringement they in?
volve of a man's natural right to make
his own contracts so long as they do not
conflict with the rights of others or the
public good. They constitute one of the
worst features of parental government
and are inconsistent with the very essence
of our free institutions. The theory of
the monarchies of Europe is that the cit?
izen always remains a child; that the
government must always look after htm
as a parent does after his infant offspring,
and that he must do nothing for himself
that the government can do for him. This
system renders the citizen dependent; it
impairs his interest in his own business;
it dwarfs his individual resources and
causes him to rely for almost everything
upon legislative wisdom and inspirations.
On the other hand the theory under which
this nation has developed more rapidly
and, within a hundred years, has become
the most powerful in the world, is that
the government must interfere with the
citizen as little as possible. It must pro?
tect him abroad, pass general laws defin?
ing his rights where they are antagonized
by corporations or individuals; but so far
as his business is concerned it should not
interfere with him, but leave him to
make his, own bargains and, so long as he
is not the victim of palpable fraud, take
the consequences,
Onr theory then teaches self reliance,
while the European theory teaches depen?
dence. Our theory both sharpens- and
broadens the citizen's intelligence; it
develops his manhood; it inculcates, in
tho best possible w&y, a proper sense of
his rights and responsibilities and it ele?
vates his character. Government is
something that should be lifted above the
invidious work of diving into such de?
tails and telling the individual what he
must not do, as if he were under age, ora
non compos mentis, or otherwise unfit to
make his own contracts and conduct his
own business.
This feature of the new constitution is
therefore doubly affensivc because it not
only reflects upon a man's business sagac?
ity and his ability io take care of himself,
but it is reactionary and brings us again
under the baleful influence of monarchi?
cal ideas against which our ancestors
successfully revolted and which are now
gradually being abandoned even by the
parental governments of Europe. Such
provisions arc anachronisms; they do not
belong to an enlightened period; they are
obstructions in the progress of the
science of government.
We can not see how a Democrat can
vote for any constitution containing
them. They are unamerican and in open
conflict with some of the most cherished
and fundamental principles of our free
government.
But these with other clauses must re?
sult in a practical and immediate injury
if adopted. They discourage the invest?
ment of foreign capital; they alarm home
capital; they are calculated to put a sud?
den stop to much of the material develop?
ment that is just opening a new era for
Kentucky and other Southern States; so
from a mere material standpoint they are
destructive and suicidal. It is safe to say
that not a mile of new railroad would be
constructed as long as the constitution
remained as it is, and it is doubtful if a
netv mine would be opened or a new fur?
nace built. The only hope would be in
amending it as soon as possible; but why
not let the old constitution remain until
the new one is so amended that it may
command the approval of an enlightened
community instead of being as it is a
bundle of absurdities, a deformed thing,
coming into life with "the sardonic grin
of death already on its countenance?"
-.
Thk news that De Lesseps is to he prosecu?
ted by the French Government because of his
relations with the Panama Canal, will not be
received with favor by those familiar with the
great engineer's career and public services.
He conceived and carried .through the Suez
Canal scheme which has proved of incalculable
benefit to commerce, and his restless genius
projected other enterprises which would have
rendered him famous without that brilliant
acheivement. He is now very old, broken in
spirit, and suffers more from his failure and
disappointment than any of those who put
their money in the enterprise. But a large
number of the humbler classes bought shares
in the Panama Company, and there is now a
loud clamor for the prosecution. It is sad to
see a glorious life end in disappointment and
despair. It is sad too to observe how a single
failure will obscure the splendid triumphs of
so many years of labor and devotion. De
Lessops deserves better of his country and of
mankind.
In a recent speech Sir. McKinley, the repub?
lican canidate for Govenor of Ohio, said :
"We are confronted by a real danger, which prudent
men of uli purties should seek tu avert before it is too
late. The public credit and sound finances must be
preserved and every scheme to destroy it must be met
with courage and intelligence and repelled hy the
mighty force of public opinion. Better risk defeat,
which can be only temporary, than capitulate with
the demagogue or surrender to dishonesty."
Many of our democratic leaders do not seem
aware of the fact, but it is nevertheless true
that language like this, from democratic ora?
tors, would help the party immensely. It is
just what the democratic party needs. It
needs the confidence of the business elements
of the country?that which it is very hard for
it to acquire as long as its platforms are writ?
ten by quacks and its campaign speeches made
by demagogues.
The grain crops of nearly every country in
Europe have fallen short from one fourth to
one third of the usual yield. The grain crops
of this country are larger than ever before?
not excepting the banner year of 1881. We
shall therefore not only have more grain to
ship abroad but we shall get from twenty-five
to fifty per cent more for what we ship. We
also have the largest cotton crop ever produced
in any country. Our gold will come back to
us faster than it ever went away and it will
bring a deal more foreign gold with it. Al?
together we have a better thing than Sir Wil?
liam Gordon dimming had at the baccarat
game.
The death of ex-Senator Joseph McDonald
will deprive the democratic party of Indiana
of another of its strongest old war horses.
Hendricks was a tower of strength, and per?
haps^ next to him McDouald, for a time at least,
wielded the greatest influence. Gray and
Voorhees are the only survivors among the
chief leaders. The old Senutor died peacefully.
"Do you contemplate death with any trepida?
tion?" asked his doctor. "Not the least," was
the reply that came from the smiling lips. In
a few moments more McDonald was dead.
Fkoh the report made by Baron Fata of his
private interview with Mr. Blaiue which ap?
pears in another column, it seems the Ameri?
can Secretary rather smote the Italian Minis?
ter in the neck. He did it neatly, not brutally,
of course. But Mr. Blaine did not seem to
have any fear of the Italian iron clads before
his eyes during that conversation. At any
rate there was nothing in "Mr. Blame's talk
that sounds that way. Our Secretary doubt?
less remembered too that our own new navy
is no slouch.
-? ? >
The fact that Hon. J. .C. S. Blackburn fa?
vors the new Kentucky Constitution and is
taking active and of course, noisy steps to
make the fact known, does not argue that the
new instruments harmless to the business
interests of the State or that it is, in any way,
meritorious. His action simply shows that he
believes the new Constitution will be popu?
lar and that his advocacy of it will strength?
en him for the Senate. He is now catching at
straws.
Ths Abingdon Virginian says, "The Big
Stone Gap Post regrets to see the Virginian
devoting two columns to politics." 0, no you
are mistaken, your two column political articles
do no oue any harm while they seem to afford
you immense satisfaction. No humane person
wishes you to discontinue them.
. ^
Thk Bristol News shows commendable enter?
prise in publishing an early cditiou for the
afternoon trains that leave Bristol. The pa?
per reaches Big Stone Gap at 6 o'clock r. m.
It hag greatly improved in its news matter
and deserves success.
If the Prince of Wales only had some cough
syrup or a patent churn to sell now, he could
make something out of the free advertising he
ia 111
AIRY TONGUES.
For several years now the committees of the
Alumni society of the University of Va. seem
to have been hard pushed to find orators to
make the usual address at the final celebra?
tions. Whether the fact may be considered
evidence of a decline in the influence and
standing of that once noble institution or
whether the committees appointed to make
the selections have lacked enterprise or dis?
crimination, I know not. But as orator for the
present celebration to instance, Henry Wat
tcrson was selected. It really seems that a
committee appointed for the purpose of select?
ing a speaker for such an occasion and for
such an institution should feel a certain sense
of responsibility, and should consider qual?
ities of mind and character as well as the
mere capacity to string words together in a
pretty jingle. In such addresses there should
be an underlying moral tone and innate dignity,
a sincerity of conviction and a love of truth,
that should not be at variance with the char?
acter of the speaker. Watterson had been
selected to exercise a similar funciion by the
alumni of a small college in Tennessee but
the professors, recognizing the unfitness of
their choice, vetoed their action. It is painful
for an alumnus or any well wisher of the Uni?
versity to conclude that what is too unworthy
for recognition by an obscure college in Tenn?
essee?Watterson's native State, I believe?
is good enough for an institution founded by
Jefferson and which for so many years was the
pride and boast of Virginia.
* *
And this recalls the action of a few mis?
guided friends of the University some time
since in Louisville. In accordance with the
wishes of one of the authorized representatives
of that institution a movement was put on
foot to establish some incidental department or
association?I do not recall its exact nature?
which was named after and identified with the
Louisville Courier Journal. Now if the object
of this step was to secure puffs from the paper
by toadying to it, all must admit the device
was undignified and degrading. If it was to
bestow the benediction and endorsement of a
great educational institution upon the princi?
ples and policies of a newspaper, it was
equally unworthy and injurious, since aside
from its notorious lack of nil principle there
arc a large number of Southern people who
consider that paper (urmost treacherous and
deadly enemy.
* ?
Devot oil friends of the institution must
observe such evidences of decaying dignity
with dismay. Fancy the feelings of a curious
traveller exploring the ruins of a Grecian tem?
ple where on either hand lie fragments of the
most exquisite art, a slab from the Panathenaic
procession, possibly a limb from some heroic
statue which felt the touch of Phidias, now
shattered by the shocks of time but still re?
taining the noble lineaments traced by the
hand of genius; and here a classic fountain
basined with polished marble and fringed with
crumbling balustrades, where spiders now
weave their webs and in the dust of which
toads wallow. It must be with a feeling akin
to these that a true lover of letters notes the de?
cline of a once great institution of learning.
The Acropolis in ruins is hardly a sadder
sight.
% *
"Society" is now promised a sensation in
the publication of more details of the life of
Madame Elizabeth Bonaparte who died some
ten years ago in Baltimore. Madame Bona?
parte's life has all the elements of romance ex?
cept tenderness. The novelist or poet can not
well improve on the history of her life as it is.
What it lacks in romanticism, it gains in in?
dividuality. The success of this Elizabeth
Patterson who galloped out to the race-course
at Baltimore to sec the capture of a dis?
tinguished foreigner, will suggest possibilities
to the present and future generations of Ameri?
can girls; and the visits of Grand Dukes and
subordinate Princes will always cause a flutter
in the ambitious hearts of beautiful women.
In 1803, the Baltimore belle was necessarily of
a different type from the girl of this period,
yet we may conceive of the dash of this
woman when her arm was at its plumpest, and
her beauty at its ripest, from the description
of her marriage costume from a gentleman
present on the occasion : "All the clothes worn
by the bride might have been put in my pocket.
Her dress was of muslin, richly embroidered,
of extremely fine texture. Beneath her dress
she wore but a single garment." The romance
of this beautiful woman is not impaired by
the fact that as she grew old she became pe?
nurious aud lived in a dingy room, uncarpetcd,
and antique in all its appointments. Perhaps,
indeed, her ancient attire aud all were essen?
tial to the romance. In her talks with young
girls, she laughed at the idea of love in mar?
riage, and treated the institution a"s one of
convenience. She thought sentiment a weak?
ness, and did not hesitate to say she married
I for position. Her father objected to her mar?
riage with Jerome Bonaparte, aud very wisely;
she never regretted the events of her life,
and lived happily on her memoirs, feeding on
visions of thrones, and hoping for fortunate
marriages of her son and grandsons to prin?
cesses ; they disobeyed her and married after
their own inclinations, and happily. Thus for
three generations there were individuality and
romance. To begin with, ambition laughed at
common-sense, and to end with love mocked
at ambition.
* *
The efforts of newspaper editors to get up a
divorce suit now between Lord and Lady
Brooke shows they are not in it.
# *
Mr. Campbell Bascom Slemp, eldest son of
Col. Campbell Slemp, took the medal in the
Society of Cadets at Lexington where he has
just graduated with high honor. The Colonel
has a younger son at Lexington also, but this
is his junior year. Mr. C. B. Slemp will be
instructor at a military academy iu Alabama.
Miss Belle Slemp who ranked high in her class
at the Wesleyan Institute of Staunton, is now
at home enjoying her vacation.
?> #
Mrs. Jefferson Davis is not yet ready to as
sent to the removal of her late husband to
Richmond. She told the committe that she
wished a year's time allowed for her decision.
It was in Richmond that Mr. Davis reached
*he heighth of his power; it was there that he
experienced his most exquisite sorrows and
his most splendid triumphs. No more appro?
priate place could be selected for his ashes.
A Modified Religion.
(Archdeacon Farrar to the daughter ot the lute
Charles Brudlaugh.)
"The old detestable notions of happy souls
rejoicing over the torments of the lost have
long since been exorcised. The Calvinisttc
horrors of an unnatural theology have been
never authorized by many men, even by great?
est Christian Fathers and canonized saints of
the Mediaeval Church.
"Had I been able to show him Christianity
as I see it, I do not think that he would have
wished to be counted among the foes of our
Gospel?if such was his attitude. But Chris?
tianity has been more sorely wounded in the
house of its friends than by its cnemigs."
The Devil.
It is an old story of the Scotch Presbyterian who
said: "That the devil is bad you can tell by lib very
uame; for, it you take away the d, it is evil, and take
away the do, it is vile, aud take away the devy It Is ill,
so that he U an ill, vilo and evil devil!"
Fiy Talk.
First Fly?Hi ther, Bluebottle I Como over here.
Tliere'H a keg of molasses here.
Second Fly?Molasses be hanged. 1 knuw where
there's a white and gold parlor that's never been
touched.
DE. HAEPEE AGAIN.
Ke Furnishes an Authorized Abstract of
HU Views al>oat the Bible.
NOTED BAPTISTS PRESENT.
CX. Y. Sun.)
The Baptist Ministerial Conference of
this city yesterday listened to an elabo?
rate exposition of the theory that the
Bible, while being the inspired "Word of
God, contains errors. Prof. William R.
Harper, of Yule, and President-elect of
the great Baptist University just founded
at Chicago by John D. Rockefeller, made
the exposition in the form of an address
at the Baptist Tabernacle yesterday
morning. The address was called out by
the interview with Prof. Harper publish?
ed in the World June '1. This interview
was revised by Prof. Harper and its pub?
lication in the World was authorized by
him. Abstracts of this interview con?
taining disconnected sentences, divorced
from their context, were copied in the
papers of the country and these sentences
have caused the Baptists great uneasiness.
Dr. Harper therefore wished to present in
an official manner his views on these sub?
jects.
The address delivered yesterday empha?
sizes and indorses the positions taken in
the interview. It held that the inductive
method, which is the method of higher
criticism, is the proper way to study the
Bible; that this method of study develops
the fact that there are many errors on
points of science and history in the
Bible, and that these errors may be ad?
mitted and allowed without surrendering
?the belief in the inspiration and infalli?
bility of the Bible in matters of faith
and practice.
There were present the leading Baptist
preachers of New York City, : iid visiting
pastors from Brooklyn, Boston and Phila?
delphia. Dpring the delivery of the ad?
dress Dr. Harper was frequently interrupt?
ed by enthusiastic applause. At its con?
clusion the Conference passed unanimous?
ly a resolution of thanks. The subject of
Prof. Harper's address was "The Divine
and the Human in Prophecy." It drew a
parallel between the development of the
Jewish people as a nation and their liter?
ature. Here is an abstract of the address.
"There arc three possible methods of
procedure in the 2tudy of the Old Testa?
ment. They arc/.
"First?The traditional method. Cer?
tain views have been held by our fathers
for many generations. These have been
instilled into our minds from the days of
infancy. It is our privilege?some think
it our duty?to accept them. They have
answered for the past; they are good
enough for the present. The acceptance
of them will preclude the necessity of in
vestigat ion.
tlSecond?The a priori method. Know?
ing what God is, we may determine the
character of the revelation which He will
make. It matters not what may have
been the. state of knowledge on the sub?
ject at the time of the original utterance.
Coming from God it must have been a
final statement?a statement at least in
outline which the growth of human
knowledge might fill out, but which in no
particular such growth might really
change. 'Knowing beforehand what
ought to be, we may be reasonably allow?
ed to find that which accords with our
expectations. Facts which cannot be ex?
plained should not trouble us, for \ve
must remember that this is the Word of
God and that wc poor mortals ought not
to suppose that we can understand every?
thing. A great feature of the Bible is its1
mysterious character.
''Third?The inductive method. This!
includes a critical and painstaking exam- j
ination of the material, a classification of
the facts and considerations which the
investigation has disclosed, and the
statement of conclusions based upon
I hose facts. There should lie a recogni?
tion of the testimony furnished by tradi?
tion and the acknowledgment of the in?
fluence of our conception of God; but wc
must decide these and all similar ques?
tions on the basis of facts.
"The mareriai on the basis ol which we
reach conclusions is abundant. Every
portion of the old testament may be
used, and every portion must be used in
order to reach conclusions that will ho
fairly representative.
"The prophets convey to men the true
conception of God's will, but they were
limited in their work by the character of
the language employed, by the ignorance
and wilfuluess of the people whom they
addressed, and by the weaknesses inher?
ent in their own humanity, and insepara?
ble from the situation in which their
work was done. The prophet's chief work
was that of a reformer; he labored to im?
prove the religious condition of his peo?
ple. No prophetic utterance was ever
made that was not intended to influence
the lives and thoughts of those who first
heard it. The utterance was a divine
means used to affect the peculiar and un?
ique history of which it was a part.
"The time of utterance of a given
prophecy was always determined by the
time of the occurrence of the event or
experience which gave origin to the
prophecy. In case of postponement of
an event the time of revealing the truth
must also have been postponed. Each
truth is appropriately made known at a
particular moment in the history which is
being carried on to furnish a basis for the
further revelation of truth. Every great
crisis was employed as a means for con?
veying some groat truth.
"The connection of prophecy and histo?
ry is close; the first is a part of the sec?
ond; the second the background of the
first. Prophecy was built on history; his?
tory was the foundation of prophecy. The
history determines the time, form and
substance of prophecy; prophecy moulds
the history. The times produce the
prophet; the' prophet produced certain
historical conditions. The history was
unique, supernatural; prophecy was, con?
sequently, of divine origin; both human,
both divine, to the same extent.
"Israclitish history, peculiar as was
God's relation to it, includes on the part
of its greatest leaders actions of the
most sinful character, and on the part of
the nation itself, both actions and insti?
tutions of the most degrading character.
It was nevertheless divine history, the
best history Almighty power couid in?
spire, acting in consistency with other
attributes and working in fhe hearts of a
people dragged down with sin.
"Israclitish literature, peculiar as was
God's relation to it. includes different and
differing accounts of the same event;
what from the point of view of history
and science are errors and inconsisten?
cies; what certainly is a total disregard
for the common laws of history-writing
in vogue to-day. It is nevertheless the
divine literature. It is the best Almighty
power acting in consistency with attri?
butes could inspire in the hearts of a
people of Semitic blood living at that
period'in the world's history. It was, at
all events, the 'word' which God in his
supreme wisdom saw fit to reveal at. this
stage in the progress of tiie divine plan.
"Yet the Old Testament not merely
coutains the word of God; it is the Word
of God. Israelitish history, being divine
history, in a unique and peculiar sense,
the literature growing out of that history
is divine literature in just the same sense.
God worked in other history, and the rev- j
elation of God appears also in other liter?
ature, but we must come back to Israclit?
ish literature to find the real God-history
and the real God-word?a history and a
word which, considered as a manifestation
of the divine purpose and actions, and as
a revelation of principles governing faith
and duty, are perfect and infallible.
"It was the literal and artificial hand?
ling of prophecy which blinded the eyes
of the Jews and led them to reject the
Messiah when he came. The same literal
and artificial method lias blinded the eyes
of men of to-day, and. as a result the Old
Testament is practically rejected from
being reckoned as a part of the divine
work?not merely by sceptics, but also by
j those professedly most devout, who ncver
I thcless in word and act confess that they
! find nothing to help them in this great
! storehouse of divine material."
Prof. Harper in conclusion said:
j "There are new things coming, or
! rather thcic are new ways of looking at
j old things. (Applause.) It seems to me
that there is before the Baptist denomi?
nation an opportunity that no other de?
nomination has. The Baptist Church has
always allowed its members to interpret
the word of God each for himself. 1 hope
I the Baptist denomination is now ready to
take a stand in defense of this principle.
It seems a hard thing to accept?how a
man can admit the existence of historical
and scientific errors in the Bible and still
hold to the Scriptures as the infallible,
inspired word of God on all matters of
faith and practice. The errors are there,
and those who see them may also accept
the Bible as divine. There is no motive
on the part of Biblical students for bring?
ing these errors forward. I would almost
give ray right hand to be able to say that
there were no errors in the Bible.
"It has been said that there are many
learned men who deny these errors; who
say that what have been picked out as
errors have been subsequently shown to
have been no errors at all. But it is not
difficult to see what motive these learned
men have for taking this position, or by
what haphazard method of exegesis they
disprove the existence of errors. The
editor of the leading Baptist paper, The
Examiner, told me to-day that no baptist
was called on to believe in the absolute
accuracy of the Bible on matters of his?
tory and science. (Applause.) I asked
him if I could quote him as saying so.
'Yes.' he replied, 'but quote me with
caution.' " (Applause and laughter.)
Money Behind Briggs.
(N. Y*. Sun.)
Ti.e directors of the Union Theological
Seminary who are standing behind Dr.
Brigg.-, include some of the richest men
in the Presbyterian Church, men who arc
distinguished also for the munificence of
their contributions for the building up of
all its enterprises. Since 1870 they have
given the vast sum of $800,000 to" thai
school itself, making it probably the most
richly endowed institution of the sort in
this country. The venerable Mr. Charles
Butler has only recently endowed the
chair occupied by Dr. Briggs with $100,
000; and it is remarkable that as the the?
ology of the seminary has grown more
liberal and further away from Protestant
orthodoxy, the stronger has been its sup?
port by Presbyterian wealth.
This is a very remarkable situation.
Dr. Briggs practically gives up the old
theory of the inspiration of the Bible,
scouts it, ridicules it, and is doing his ut?
most to explode it utterly, and yet the
greatest wealth and very much of the
highest intelligence and social influence
of New York Presbyterianism are ranged
on his side! So powerful is this backing
that Mr. Day warns the Presbyterians,
who are attacking Dr. Briggs as a heretic,
and trying to drive him from the semi?
nary and the Church, that they are en?
dangering the religious enterprises of the
denomination. "If this illiberal spirit is
pursued toward the Union Seminary and
its professors and those who sympathize
with them, 1 dare to prophesy," declares
Mr. Day, "that the first marked result will
be that all the great Boards of the Church
will be crippled in their means!"
TAKE FOOD IJEFOKK SLEEV.
Why Sonic People Are Henelitctl hy a
Night Lunch.
(Medical Journal.)
Some persons, though not actually sick,
j keep before parkin strength and general
tone, and 1 am of the opinion that fasting
during the long interval between supper
and break fast, and especially the complete
emptiness of the stomach during sleep,
adds greatly to the amount of emaciation,
slccplcsncss, and general weakness we
so often meet.
Physiology teaches that in the body
there is a perpetual disintegration of tis?
sue, sleeping or Waking; it is therefore
logical to believe that the supply of nou?
rishment should be somewhat continuous.
As bodily exercise is suspended during
sleep, with wear and tear correspondingly
diminished, while digestion, assimilation,
and nutritive activity continue as usual,
the food furnished during this period adds
more than is destroyed, and increased
weight and improved general vigor are
the result.
All beings except man arc governed by
natural instinct, and every being with a
stomach except man eats before sleep,
and even the human infant, guided by the
same instinct, drinks frequently day and
night, aud if its stomach is empty for
any prolonged period it cries long and
loud.
Digestion requires no interval of rest,
and if the amount of food during the
twenty-four hours is, in quantity and
quality, not beyond the pysiological limit,
it makes no hurtful difference to the
stomach how few or how short are the in?
tervals between eating, but it does make
a vast difference in the weak and emaciat?
ed one's welfare to have a modicum of
food in the stomach during the time of
sleep, that, instead of bcirfg consumed by
bodily action, it may during the interval
improve the lowered system.
1 am fully satisfied that were the weakly,
the emaciated, and the sleepless to nightly
.take a light lunch or meal of simple, nu?
tritious food before going to bed for a
prolonged period, nine in ten of them
would be thereby lifted into a better stan?
dard of health; on the contrary, persons
that are too stout or plethoric should fol?
low an opposite course.
ltascally Pension Agents.
(Boston Courier.)
The conditio? to which the pension
business has come is illustrated by the
following extract from the circular which
is sent out by a Boston pension agent:
"If your pension is less than $1:2 per
month, and you have any aiseasc or disa?
bility that you arc not pensioned for, you
can probably get $1:2 per month, no mat?
ter whether it was received or contracted
before you enlisted or since you were dis?
charged." The shamelessness with which
pensions have been claimed?and gener?
ally received?for troubles which were in
no possible way connected with the ser?
vice is one of the most disgusting and
disgraceful scandals which ever smirched
the fair fame of this country; and the
worst of the matter is that precisely the
high-minded, courageous and self-sacri?
ficing veterans are those who are most
unwilling to go into the indecent and
often dishonored scramble after the pub?
lic money. As for the agents who lend
themselves to this sort of thing, perhaps
the best thing for them would be the
horse-pond.
A Reward of Merit.
From Huston Jlerald.
Bank Teller?Will you take it as a presumption,
moduiu, tf I offer you these few roses?
MissCarmneUaGotddust?I don't know you, sir.
Bauk Teller?I am aware of that; hut you are the
ouly woman In the history of this bank who ever en
FROM THE SHOULDER.
Hlalne's Straight Talk to Baron Fava In
fchelr Frlvatc Interview.
(From the Baron's own Account.)
Some interesting extracts from the
"Green Book" of the Italian Government,
hearing upon the inner history of the
New Orleans controversy, were recently
published. Secretary Blaine's intense
Americanism is well shown in the follow?
ing report made by Baron Fava of the
conversation between him and Mr. Blaine
on March
Blaine.?It is absolutely impossible for
the Federal Government to interfere with
the administration of justice in a single
State. I am astonished that after your
ten years' residence in this country you
have not succeeded in impressing your
government with this fact.
Fava.?I have no reason to reproach
myself, and you know it. Neither my
government, however, or any other coun?
try, will l?e convinced that your internal
laws are an obstacle in the way of jus?
tice.
Blaine.?Still, you inform your govern?
ment on a former occasion that it was
impossible for the Federal Government to
interfere with the other States,and now?
(Mr. Blaine was excited.)
Fava.?This is a different and a new
case.
Blaine.?You ask what is impossible.
You know that I can not change the Con?
stitution.
Fava.?I do not ask for so much. My
hope was that the President and you
would combine with Governor Nichols in
bringing the culprits to justice.
Blaine.?No, no; the Federal Govern?
ment can not do that. There is my an?
swer.
Fava.?But, then, what is the use of the
treaties Italy has made with you? Why
should the King send a legation to the
Federal Government?
Blaine.?That is your business.
Fava,?Such being the case I am sorry
to be obliged to tell you that the moment
has come for Italy to" affirm the inutility
of its representative in Washington.
Karon Fava then produced Kudini's dis?
patch recalling him. Mr. Blaine read it
and then said eagerly, "All right, we will
recall our representative from Rome."
Fava.?No, Mr. Blaine, let me hope
even now that my long mission to this
country will not end by leaving it on bad
terms with Italy.
Blaine?But what can I do then?
Fava?Try and induce the Louisiana
parties to firing the guilty persons to jus?
tice. Neither you nor I can admit that
the friendship between the United States
and Italy should depend upon the self
will of a Governor.
Blaine.?I must speak to the President.
Fava.?And 1 must telegraph to Rome.
Blaine.?What shall I say to the Presi?
dent?
Fava.?Everything, and add that. 1 am
satisfied that no Minister in Italy could
maintain a light on this point against
public opinion and Parliament.
Blaine.? All right. Do not cable to
Rome until you receive my answer. I am
going to the President, and before dinner
you will hear from inc. It is understood
between us that the Marquis Rudini'd
telegram is not to be communicated to
anybody except the President and myself.
Romk, .March 25.?Rudini to Fava.?I
still hope that the Federal Government
will give us the assurance that indemnity
will be granted and that judicial proceed?
ings will be instituted against the culprits.
If this assurance is not given you are
authorized to affirm the uselcssness of
your presence near a government that has
no power to guarantee such justice as
with us is administered equally in favor of J
citizens of all nationalities. Rudini.
Washington, March :27.?Fava to Rudi?
ni.?As Mr. Blaine did not communicate
with ine on the 25th instant, according to
promise, I called on his yesterday, and he
at once complained that I was hurrying
him in a manner entirely contrary to
diplomatic usage.
"I do not recognize the right of any
government," he continued, "to tell the
United States what it should do. We
have never received orders from any for
eign power and we will not begin now.
"Please inform Marquis di Rudini that
the Federal Government can not give the
assurance which he requires and that it
is a matter of total indifference to me
what persons in Italy may think of our
institutions. I can not change them, still
less violate them.
"The fact is Marquis; di Rudini does not
give us sufficient time. You assure me
that four Italian subjects have been mas?
sacred, but I have my doubts on that
point, as I urn informed that they were
mixed up in some scandalous electoral
transactions. Still, I don't contest their
nationality, but while 1 ask for time you
want an official declaration on the spot.
Well. I will not do anything of the kind,
and you may do as you please."
"While Mr. Blaine was speaking,"con?
tinues Baron Fava, "1 did not breathe,
and when he had finished I told him that
the Italian Government did not intend to
interfere with the internal affairs of the
United Stales, and that the Marquis di
Rudini did not intend to give any orders
lo the United States Government. I also
told him that the Italian Government did
not intend to discuss the Constitution of I
the United States and ignore the exis?
tence of the State of Louisiana in order
that it might recognize only the Federal
Government, with which the treaty had
been negotiated."
To this Mr. Blaine replied: "But that
treaty guarantees to Italian subjects the
same protection guaranteed to American
citizens. Do you ask that your country?
men shall have more protection than ours
have?"
Baron Fava's reply was that his govern-'
inent was entitled to demand for Italians
in America the same protection as was
guaranteed to Americans in Italy. Then
followed the later official correspondence,
with which the public is familiar.
An Interesting Hotel Case.
(Springfield (III; 3Ionitor.J
The decision of the Circuit Court in the
locally contested case of Sundermacher
agt. r$. Block has been reversed by the Ap?
pellate Court. It will be remembered that
the plaintiff in this suit, together with an?
other gentleman from Murpbysboro, were
arrested for having refused to pay the
regular rate per day for board at therHo
tel Palace. Their refusal was based on
the ground that they had nor taken all the
meals during the time they were register?
ed. They hud been served with a card
stuting that these meals would be charged
to them, and the lower court took the
ground that the fact that thev agreed to
remain at the hotel after being served with
this notice made them liable. This, the
Appellate Court Jsays, is erroneous. It
holds that the serving of these cards does
not constitute a legal contract, and that
there is nothing in the Inkecper's act
under which Sun dermacher was arrested
to compel a guest at a hotel to pav for
awht he did not receive.
A Painful Humor.
(Jelllco Advjtuee.;
There is a rumor going the rounds that the
ft. a., >. & G. is to purchase the L. & N
between here and Corbin thus makini the ter
m,m of the roads at that placeandKEg j?
lice's many tracks and railroad patronag"from
her. No rauroader seems to know whether
there is any truth in the rumor, whRe the cit
uens of Jellieo scoff at the idea Thii iJouM
leave us but one road, the fi! T YAG
which runs one passenger train and'an ?ir
round poke:easy,Pdailyf Wlien Jellico k?
the L & N. wo desire to eat the goose that
mil lm>k the grass from the grave fftft men
who would make such, in our opinio?. eT.
founded arrangements, us Jeiiicoans do!
ROBINSOK-PETTET Co
f SUCCESSORS TO R. A. ROBIUS'j? \ C0.
IMPORTERS AND
Wholesale Druggists
AND DEALERS IN
Oils, Paints, Varnishes, Win.
dow Class, Glassware. &c.
b28, 530, 532 W. Main Street
I^ouisville, Kv
STABLISHEO 1842. 'NCCRf CRatc
ProfeMional Card,.
kunkel & board,
Physicians and Surgeons,
Having formed a co-partnership, ?
riotial services to the people o( Big -
vicinity.
DR. A. J. hoback.
Office over S. L. Whitehead A Com pa i
BIG STONE GAP, VA
j. r. Bt'Lurr, jr. it. c
bullitt & McDowell
Attorneys at Law,
Intermont Hotel Building, BIG STi
WILLIAM K. SHELBY.
Attorney z*t I, r i w-,
BIG STONE CAP. VA.
Offic? in Bank of Ri? Stone Gap.
H. A. W. SKEEN,
Attorney at Law.
Short! Building, BIG STONE cap, V A
EDWIN BARBOUR,
Attorney at Law.
Ayors Building, BIG STONE cap, \
WM. k. burns, K. M. Ki
bebanon, Va. Wi>.? <
BURNS & FULTON.
Attorneysc j?t r l,. iw
Courts:?Kussell, "\Vi-.> and Dick
and Court of Appeals at Wytheville.
*
WAI.TKR K. ADDISON. i . ?
ADDISON & HARDIN,
Attorneys at Law,
Office over Bank of Big Stone Gap.
BIG STONK CAP, V
R. t. IRVINE,
Attorney *it L;iw,
BIG STONE OAI?, ^ \.
Office in Summerfleld HulMing,
L. TURNER MAURY,
Attorney at Law,
BIG STONE cap, v
Office, Appalachian Bank lluildiug.
DRS. RHEA & PEPPER.
Dentists,
INTERIMONT HO
Will be at Iii? Stone Gap tti- lir: I I
month and remain during the week,
Bristol office. Corner Main am! I'iftii *
LAWYERS BRIEFS.
The "Post" Job Ottfcv i> |
pared to Print Briefs proi
cheaply.
Central
MRS J. H. DUFF, Proprietn
Clean and well furnished rooms, VI
and Table furnished with I he
Market affords.
Location, High and Dry.
Only pure Spring Wat
Special Kates to Drummers ai
bv the week or month.
Ulj
Tin:
"INTERM
jjf
BIG STONE GAP, VA.
FRED. A. BEEBE, Man
Only First-class Hotel In Big Stone
Gap. Electric Bells, Electr
Light, Steam Heat.
The-HAMILTON,
ft*
i gl I
gap r
BRISTOL, VA.. AM) TEN'S
(Near Depot.]
W. P. HAMILTON & SON
KATES. ?2.00 rt:u DA>
DO YOU READ?
-~r*T????r?irm?Tn?nwi nn? ?
This Paper contains
local and foreign news. ff
J. M. ROBINSON \ ?
IMPORTERS A JOBBERS Of
Dru Goods, Notions, k
637,589', 541 Main Street. Corner S?A
LOUlSJilLLE. ky.
N6SU YO?K OFFICE.
a?e & aes. church ?

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