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The Big Stone Post.
Entered lit the post office at Big Stone Gap, Va., as second-class matter. Nov. 14th, l?PO. LEADING PAPER OF SOUTHWEST VA. rCEUSNKD weekly by tiik BIG STONE POST PUBLISHING CU. O. E. SEARS president. EDWIN BARBOUR, Editor. Tkrms or Scnser-v-nov: One Year,. Six Mo?ths, - Payment strictly in advance. ADVXRTtSlXC H.VTKS: Display advertisements per inch, for each insertion Legat notices, obituaries, etc., 10 cents per lme eccb insertion. Discount allowed for one column or more. Attorneys who insert lc?al advertisements In the Post for their clients will be considered responsible for them and bills for the same are payable monthly. Friday, Sept. 4, 1891. Tub time for which many of the readers of the Post subscribed for the paper will expire in August and September, and those who wish to renew their subscrip? tions will please do so promptly. They will observe that the price of the paper has been reduced, but the rule requiring subscribers to pay in advance will be strictly adhered to. Balmaceda Defeated. For two weeks past all sorts of conflict? ing reports have been sent out concerning the state of the Chilian war. The reports however of the recent defeat of Balma? ceda at Valparaiso and the capture of that city by the congressional army seems to be well authenticated. In 1885 Balmaceda was elected Presi? dent of the Chilian republic, and for awhile his administration had all the ap? pearance of being directed by a patriot for the benefit of the people ; but as Bal maceda's term of office approached its close the true character of the man be? gan to assert itself, and the cloven foot was shown. The Constitution of Chili provides that the President shall hold office for five years, and shall not be eligi? ble for re-election. A short time before the expiration of his term Balmaceda de? siring to retain the reins of government in his hands, openly advocated the elec? tion of an intimate friend, who would be a mere tool in his hands, and gave it to be understood that unless the people con? sented to the election of his choice he would throw every obstacle in the way of, and thus prevent an election, intending to hold on to the presidency himself. This aroused the indignation of the peo? ple in the country, and Congress in course of tim6 refused to levy the necessary taxes for carrying on the governmental affairs, and in the exercise of its consti? tutional right declared the office of Presi? dent vacant. Balmaceda refused to acquiesce in the action of Congress, and proceeded himself to levy taxes on the people in clear violation of the consti? tution of the country. This meant revo? lution, and for months war has been wag? ing between the forces of Balmaceda the dictator, and the congressional army. Tfce congressional party secured control of the navy of the country, and the only port by which the dictator has been re? ceiving arms and supplies was Valparaiso. This defeat means, therefore, the over? throw of Balmaceda, and the victory of constitutional government over dictator? ship. The final closing of the Chilian war will have a favorable effect on the finan? cial condition of the world at large. Large amounts of English and American capital is invested in Chili, and owing to the unsettled state of affairs in that coun? try these investments have been unpro? ductive. With a revival ot peace will come a renewal of commercial and indus? trial activity, the effects of which will j doubtless be felt in this country. Falls City Bank Robbery. Another bank cashier has gone wrong, and the American colony in Canada has received another acquisition. Major William Tillmnu, for years the trusted cashier of the Falls City Bank of Louis? ville, and a highly respected citizen of that city, is a defaulter in his accounts with the bank, and is charged with mis? appropriation of trust funds in his hands. It is the same old story of taking a bank's money with no intention of robbing any? body, entering into speculations fully in? tending to replace the funds. The specu? lation is disastrous, and the once trusted officer and esteemed citizen is a thief. In the beginning doubtless Major Tillxnan thought as many others have thought, that he could take the money, use it to his own profit and return it. Finding that his investmentj were proving unprofita? ble, and being unable to replace the money, he begins to falsify his books and ac? counts, until overtaken by the inevitable detection , and exposure, and stands branded by his fellow-men, who once held htm in high houor, as a thief. It seems that the robbery of the Falls City Bank has been going on for years, and that Major Til!matt has covered up his defalcations by charging large over? drafts to various depositors. Such asvs tein of deception could scarcely have been successful if the president ami' directors had done thei-r uuty in looking after the affairs of the bank.. As yej there is not u breath of suspicion as to the conduct of these officers, but they are in large part, to blame that the systematic robbery of the batik has Leon carried on po long nnd $1.25 75 _? ?-? , so successfully. The president and di? rectors of a bank should not be mere figure heads. They owe it to the public and to the patrons of the bank to closely scrutinize its operations. Had they done their duty in the present instance Major Tillman would more than likely now be a respected man of the community, and his unfortunate family would not be com? pelled to lire a life of shame and mortifi I cation for his conduct. A remarkable feature of the Falls City j bank affair is, that for days after the rob? bery was known Tillman remained in Louisville, and no effort whatever was made to effect his arrest. He was allowed to make good his escape to Canada, not? withstanding it was generally known he was a defaulter for large amounts. It is such acts as this on the part of po? lice authorities that give ground for the complaints that a poor thief who steals an insignificant amount is compelled to serve out a term in State prison, while men who hold high positions of trust and responsibility are allowed to go free, and their escape is even winked at when it is discovered that they are large defaulters, and have stolen thousands, instead of bo ing the honorable men they have been considered to be. Prospects Brightening. Big Stone Gap has seen its worst days. The future begins to look brighter, and its our firm belief that we arc about to enter upon an era of prosperity. We do not mean to say that there is any imme? diate prospect of a boom in real estate. It is doubtful indeed whether such a boom would be for the best interests of the town. But what we do mean to say is that there is to.be more money put into circu? lation right here among laboring men than there has been for twelve months past. The coal mines on Looncy Creek will increase their output and a large force of hands will be necessary for this work. It is stated on good authority that the pay-roll of the Big Stone (^ap Coal Co. will alone amount to ten thousand dollars per month. There is good reason to believe that one at least of the furna? ces will go into blast before the first of January. Iron mines arc being developed around us and there is a good prospect that we will soon be supplying iron ore to Bristol, and possibly to Graham. The Grate and Mantel factory has gone into active operation. The road to Letchcr County, which will be the means of bring? ing a good deal of trade here, is about completed, and all around us there are indications of renewed prosperity. Big Stone Gap has passed through a prolonged season of dullness, that would have wrecked the prospects of any place that did not have the immense amount of natural wealth back of it which this fa? vored point enjoys, and evidences of a re? newed activity will be hailed with delight by the noble men who have held on here with a determination that could not be surpassed, never for an instant losing faith in the great future in store for the place, nor for one instant thinking of giving up the struggle to build here a great city. The great and wealthy State of Georgia has refused to provide for the support of the Soldiers' Home presented to the State by private iudividuals. Georgia is with one ex? ception the only State in the South that has not provided a home for aged and disabled Con? federate veterans. Such action will reflect no credit on the State, and every Georgian ought to blush for shame that Georgia with all her wealth will not provide for the regular running expenses of a Soldiers' Home that has not cost the State one cent. The Bristol papers are preserving an omi? nous silence concerning the libel suit against Colonel J. C. Haskcil. The awful possibility of such a suit against themselves must be too much for their tender nerves. -> ? ?-: Blood will Tell. "I am president of a street railroad in San Francisco," says Hon. Leland Stan? ford, "where we have had hundreds of horses. The average life of our animals was three years. But one horse stood that hard life nine years. His service was so exceptional 1 looked up his record. 1 hired detectives to trace him from one sale to another, back to the man and farm that raised him. I found his sire was a pedigreed horse; his dam was of good blood, though not standard. That ex? plained the superior usefulness of the horse to my mind. He had better bones substance, form and length, better heart, lungs and digestive organs, and he was worth $100 more on these accounts than any other horse we had. Now, I say that whether we raise horses for the plow or track, blood will tell and is worth more money. Electioneer earned $-200,000 a year for me because he was a good horse. The old street-car horse earned three times as much for us as his fellows, be? cause he was a good horse. Each in his place proved a great truth, and it is time we all knew it." -: The Cut l>o\vn Only Temporarily. (Pulaski News.) We regret to see that the Big Stone Post has been chauged to a small stone Post, having gone down from a newspa? per of seven columns on the page to six, while the column rules have been short? ened. This change may have been neces? sitated by the pinched condition of the company's finances, but it does not speak well for the enterprise of the merchants, real estate men and other citizens of the booming town of Big Stone Gap. We h:ul great hopes that with the wonderful natural resources of that region, and the standing of the gentlemen who had made that place the base of their industrial operations, that, the Post would grow and prosper. We are inclined to think it has luilcd to receive the financial aid it should have commanded; and it may be that the chief men of the Gap would now find it greatly to their interest to give the Post a boom, set it on a pure basis and let' it ?peak for them in better shape than it now docs in its contracted form. BENNETT'S CHANGE OF POLICY. Pulitzer Has Been Imitating His Eccen? tricities. (New York Letter.) Among the many so-called "revolutions" which bav?e taken place in the journalism of this city during the past six months the most remarkable is .the recent change in the policy of the Herald. From the day that James Gordon Bennett, then junior, dismissed from the service of the Herald thirty old and semimutinous mem? bers of the staff down to ten days ago, the Herald has been the most supremely autocratic journal in this laud. Every? thing was subordinated to Mr. Bennett. He tolerated no other personality. Every dispatch ordering news, every letter, every contract, every direction bore the signature of Mr. Bennett. No matter whether the proprietor was in Paris or Russia or India, he was ever present in spirit in the oflice at the corner of Ann street and Broadway. It used to be said that no member of the Herald stall* could achieve distinct ion without risk of dis? missal or degradation to the humblest ranks, Mr. Bennett said to me on one occasion that he conducted his newspaper on the principle of the Order of .Jesuits. He exacted from his employes absolute loyalty and fidelity. "If] want a man to go to Rome to interview the Pope I want him to go at once; if I want the same ambassador upon his return to re? port the "landing of immigrants at the Barge office I want him to do so without complaint. I am the Herald." In this way it has come to pass that editors on the Herald have been transferred to the circulation department and reporters have been lifted up to editorial heights in a single night. To the surprise of every? body, the Herald came out a few days ago with the names of three members of the directing staff printed at the editorial masthead just below the ancient legen? dary landmark. "James Gordon Bennett." The business manager, night editor, and city editor found themselves suddenly consigned to conspicuity. It was a step beyond anything that journalism?even rural journalism usually stops with the name of the "associate suitor." The general impression is that this eccentric departure upon the part of Mr. Bennett is significant. Finding himself imitated even as to European residence, yachts, &c, Mr. Bennett seems to have made up his mind to furnish the world of journal? ism with an example of unselfish inde? pendence. Naturally the inquiry along the line is, "What next?" His FARXEXU RIVAL. About the time that the World moved in to-its new building the success ofthat journal was emphasized by a ukase1 from Mr. Pulitzer to the effect that henccTorth the name of no employe of the World should ever appeal- in the columns of I hat journal. A faithful night editor, who had been fifteen years in the service, was peremptorily dismissed for permitting an item about a dinner eaten by social mem? bers of the World staff to appear next morning in an obscure column. "My will is to be the law of the World" was the decree of the proprietor sent across the ocean. The crushing out of all person? ality and individuality had been a cher? ished idea of Mr. Pulitzer, and it was ex? ecuted with Muscovites severity when the dome of the monument to his successful career had been gilded. It is believed that Mr. Bennett heard of this and that his extreme departure in liberality was designed to let the American people know that he?Mr. Bennett?was big enough, strong enough, and prosperous enough to rise above the petty jealousies and sordid selfishness of a parvenu rival. Anyhow Mr. Bennett is receiving credit for his broad liberality toward some of the men who help him to make and take care of his great and powerful newspaper. Per? haps if he should hear that some rich New York newspaper proprietor had taken to driving four-in-hand he would instant? ly stop coaching as a pastime and insti? tute a course in metaphysics. NORMAN Ei. 51UNRO. The New York Publisher, Proposes to Build a Vessel Which will Eclipse all Predecessors, and Introduce a New Era in Navigation. There arc two men in America who con? fidently believe that the four-day ship will be a creation of the immediate future. One of these enthusiasts is Norman L. Munro. owner of the marvelous little stream launch Norwood, and the other is C. I). Mosher, inventor of the powerful tubular boiler which generates the steam that makes the Norwood the fastest craft of her kind in the world. Both Mr. Munro and Mr. Mosher believe that '.he Norwood is the precursor of the steamship which will cover the ;2,S00 miles between Sandy j Hook and Queenstown within ninety-six hours. Mr. Munro believes that he has only to reproduce the Norwood on a larger scale to have the four-day boat of the future. At any rate he is going to make the effort The Norwood has a speed of thirty miles an hour. This-rate she can maintain as long as the supply of coal lasts. Inve.utor Mosher declares that he can build a ship which can mukc forty; miles an hour across the Atlantic, carry? ing of course only passengers and a lim ited amount of mail. Big Stone Gap V?"eather for August, the Spring and the Summer. The average of the temperatures for August, as taken by Mr. John W. Fox, Sr., Voluntary Observer of the Signal Service, was for 7 a. m., 6M degrees ; 2 p. m., 78.2;!) p. m., 667; of the maximo 83.4; of the mini mo 60.2 j grand average for the month, <;y.:j. The highest temper? ature recorded was 1)0.5 on August 10th, and the lowest 48.0 on August :24th. The number of inches of rainfall was 6.^8. The average temperature for March was 43.2 degrees ; for April 54.1 ; for May 59.3 ; grand average for the spring months 53.2, a temperature that wiii compare fa? vorably with that of Athens or Venice. The average for June was 70.7 ; tor July 66.5 ; for August o'!>.:; ; -rand aver? age tor the summer months 68.8, which is certainly u most favorable showing for the latitude of Southern Virginia, and there is so much more life in the air here titan there is in that of places further north with the same temperature: Tub movement on foot to establish a num? ber of tubaeeo growers in this vicinity ought to be a success, as the country and soil hero is very similar to that'of the famous tobacco belt of North Carolina. ROBINSON-PET TE T CO. fSUCCESSORS TO R. A. R08INSQN A CO.) IMPORTERS AND . Wholesale Druggists and dealers in Oils, Paints, Varnishes, Win? dow Glass, Glassware, &c. 528, 530, 532 W. Main Street. IyOuisville? Ey? stablished 1842. incorporated ig9i. Professional Cards. KUNKEL & BOARD, Physicians and Surgeons, Having formed a co-partnership, oiler their profed sional services to tiie people of Big Stone Gap tin vicinity. DR. A. J. HOBACK, Office over S. L. Whitehead & Company's Drug s ..i. BIG STONE GAP, VA. J. r. Bri.MTT, JR. R. C. M'MmVKI.I.. Jit. bullitt & McDowell, Attorneys at Law, Interment Hotel Building, BIG STONE GAT, VA. WILLIAM K. SHELBY, Attorney c\? TL*?krv%r9 BIG STONE GAP. VA. Oflici in Bank of Big Stone Gap. H. A. W. SKEEN, Attorney at Law, Short! Building, BIG STONE GAP, VA, EDWIN BARBOUR, Attorney at Law, Ayers Building, BIG STONE GAP, VA. wm. v.. bubxb, e. m. fui.ton. Lebanon, V?. Wise C. II., \Ta BURNS & FULTON, Courts:?Russell, Wise and Dickinson Counties, and Court of Appeals at Wytheville. ivai.tku x. AODiSON'. c. a. iia KMX ADDISON & HARDIN, Attorneys at Law, Dftlce over Bunk >?f p,|g Slone Gap. BIG STONE GAP, VA R. T. IRVINE, BIG STONK OAT, VA. Oflice in Summerflehl Buihllng, Wood Av< L. TURNER MAURY, Attorney at Law, BIG STONE GAP, VA. (Ulicc, Appalachian Bank Building. DRS. RHEA & PEPPER, Dentists, INTERMONT HOTEL. Will !>ent. Rig Stone Gap the first Tuesday of each month and remain during the week. Bristol oflice. Corner Main and Fifth Streets. ISAAC S. ROSS, Attorney at Lav/, NORTON, VA. LAWYERS BRIEFS. The "Post" Job Office is pre? pared to Print Briefs promptly and cheaply. 1 3 MRS J. H. DUFF, Proprietress. Clean and well furnished rooms. Victuals well cooked and Table furnislu-d with the very liest the Market aflbrds. Location, High and Pry. Only pure Spring Water Used. Special Kates to Drummers and Boarders by the week or month. -THE BIG STONE GAP, VA. FRED. A. BEEBE, Manager. Only First-class Hotel in Big Stone Gap. Electric Bells, Electric Light, Steam Heat. POST OFFICE, Bis Stone Gap, Va., Opens 7 a. m. Closes H :3o r. h. arrivals and departures of mails. ARiuvK.s. Daily except Sunday, lravks Kl* ?'? Western itnil. 5 v m. 6:30 k* , Eastern Jlail. 12 m *2:15 " Southern .Mail. 1:30 r. m. tB^Xntt for above routes, close ?aeeii minutes bet?re departure. STK R ROUTES. From Wilkenburg, Ky., t? BigStflhe Gap, arriv, ?. daily except Sunday, al 11:46 .\. ,i, .. uu ?t ?' p u Krom Big Stone Gap to Shjpip, V?..TUluitlay? and Kriuaya, arrives at V2 depart 1 v. m. J. ST. Gooulok. ADVERTISE Your Business in tlie Cbiumns of the "Post" and Donbh? your Sales. W. J. CARMACK k C RETAIL SHOES, HATS AND ?MBRJ LADIES' AND CENT A SPECIALTY. Just received a new lot of Sprl our goods are made from .???!.-< r every respect. Our goods will trenn* cbeapnecs its well as their - and sec the liest goods at tin- to\ve>; Orders by mall receive proinji One Door West National Bank. BRISTO! C. E. & C. H. SPALDINt DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF CO Fl! V?> As So E RIALS 5 Contracts taken for Building from foundation, and all furnished. Fl Ai We guarantee good work, good materials, and a perfect finish in all ^ anuV*specifications furnished when desired. Mi BULLITT-&- MeDOWELL-flBSTRJiCT;" We have in our office complete abstracts of title of a sold by the BIG STONE GAP IMPROVEMENT CC And of the bulk of the lots and acre property own. ! f* in the town and vicinity of BIG STONE CAP. ai For three years we have been collecting and perfecting th< now offer I hem to the public with the assurance of accuracy. gSPTou Can Not Afford to Buy without an Abstract Htle ? IT I y GiUey Building, BIG STONE GAP, VA. iQ B IUI Buv and sell business and residence lots in all parts of the city. D ertv on Wood, Clinton, and Wyandottc Avenues. Five hundred to li: acre trrctsof coal and timber lands for sale in Wise and Dickinson coun |(; tii" lines of Railroads. Don't fail to see or write to us. Hkkkrkscks :?Bank of Big Stone Gap, Va.; Citizens Bank, Johnson City, Ter.?.: I'i .! du) ? iu 1 itv, T Powell's Valley Bank, Jones vi lie, Va.; First National Bank, thin C. NOELLINC, dehler in L KINDS OF TIN AND H. AND HOUSE FURNISHING CO ODS, Stoves, Wrought Steel Ranges, Superior I Tools, Cistern and Well Pumps. Farming and Gardening Implements. ?XZBRY'S KND MEIKLE'S PLOMS, SC. H 810, 812 Broadway, (Bet. Shelby & Campbell St*. ESTABLISHED 1856 OF CO JEWELERS & OPTICIANS. Cor, Fourth & Jefferson, Louisville, Ky Continue to carry the handsomest and m selected stock of Diamonds, Watches, Jewel and Silverware, in the city. They have also a complete Optical Department, management of n professional Optician, thorough!) lo test and iit your eyes. Nro charge for testing the ey< ?35F*( iorrrapouderice Solicited. J.J.WOLFE. H. B. CLAY, SR. J, C. MOORE. < 5 k Co Manufacturers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers ROUGH AND DRESSED Flooring, Ceiling, Bevel and Drop Sicii Moulding, Brackets, Finishing Lumber, etc. BIG GAP, VA. J.M. Coodloe. I. o. G00DL0E & CLAY. TB.M TS of ' ? ai, Iron and Timber Land for sale by the acre or tract. Bein? ? Blocks :.!?<! Lot* in the city wemake buying and selling a specialty. Ban make'luvestinenfi*Should correspond with u-.. NO TBOUBI?E REGARlMXfl TITLES y Uaudlrid bv us. Office: Opposite Post-office, BIG STONE oa< ? Are better prep; ever to supply th< Corrugated Iron and Si Roofing, Siding, Ceilin etc. Our faciiiiies aro.un Correspondence Solicit The Cincinnati Corrugating Com pan) Box 271. PIQUA, OHIO.