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The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, October 16, 1891, Image 3

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87060150/1891-10-16/ed-1/seq-3/

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OUR _
ACTS ro^vEsrons.
on* of *f ^ 5?
?*?P lV,h,*>utb.
C?ntcf ?? ,M
COAli. . t :??
, Brt eve ****** of tho COklt^
. r ?{ff Stone .?.u (<-?,2o
m!) we
Anor.-vS. McCrca.U cbom
yCJOWS*-? , .
. ,. \ \r^\ti\? Co*'A 1
j}WWj Gap; ?
,1 (mmMr..I. K.T*SK*f^
t;... f lifo? ?ng :
..-?<??*
?&04
i.74
i co.ooo
'i ? '? ? , ' . \. ' >-. . j wrhon:c??u?ica?Sy
? inigh* have said ?^?S!
Mr' *MC ", have clone so but for his ide*
the urgent reancr ^
!rRW ;irl t<,Wexv?| Showl.he st.periotty^
!:' ;. ii riUc oi Poeahontas.
jlhc) ,.i ( mineUs' III? ?" 1 ... ... :
?I.."i
5.7.!
.Al l.tl -<.," " , ,.?
ie*i. ? :: * ; ' " ;i; ?4 4.74 .5??
Th^ coke bcaidoshnvin-been analyzed, ha3;
JR^ o?,hlyRiedas tostrengtu aud^l
^ ndi^iro,.need by capable exnerU to
be nJarcr? perfect coke than any yet made.
be "" .. . ? i .. ,| i-is nimense
When H ?s considered mat i
scamofcoalis from seyeu to tlnrteen leet^
lhick,^s? tl.at .t extends overan atea .,o,|
00,000 acres; that it is !ocatodnP above tbelc.,
;.t!ji.. ralk.v,;thal it can be drained w>t;?out
tnc ?.f ?,achlnery; tlmt So much of the ex?
pense which must be incurred in otherdocal,;.
Li,,;,!,-? manufacture of coko-urc avoidu^
I ,i ? ?m.,i ? transportation " ill soon bp itr- ;
i? ilie UaUcd States:pc?Uo?r.ii.c.iv. _ j
X? I below is a splint coal 1 lect tniCN, and
>*u~ 2 a canncl coal, wdli bv M-Vn ,?!.: ^ _ |
inos OKI
Thcan2lvsesbuh,wareo ?^*?
lossil ore two nnlcs tioni Uj
Stone Gap, NT'?? ? ? ?nu?"'5.' broW " olv slx
miles hw.?>: - . ,. i
fs? -i-s,vr???.? ..'2;;?.;" ;?..;; i
vu'S, ?" j i
''rh^l^vnc aretlircc.sa??si)ica ?f diuible.
lUian furnace, and is f.id clsen uere otiK ni '
MiieM, Africa, tfj '
??uUc lr?? .??? "1"
An.lthis bt. another-chciuial a bro^vu hejii
iitite,(?tricd al 2!2 dejj. Fmcuheil) ms mwes
: i '?
alumina. ?'',V;:
piioiimoru" .
M*ta!ic iron.... .
Silk?.'
.:...>;?.
... u>.i:
K ,. .
(iUl|< !ir. .
Beeide? ti?cse there ure also on railroadH
running here another brow n ore carrying from
4T t? liu per cent of iron, ami .010 nf [dtosphp
rus; manganifertms ir??n and in \<vul>-.
nliihn large deposits ??:' manganese; a I>1 ?*?!-.
liinoinie with from 00 to 55 per cent of iron
(well suite.il for iit?- pneumutic liasie proce?j)j
ii or red hematite (ih^seiner) \?itii;
55 to (>5 [ier con I of iron, while of the tgreat i
Crauherrymagnetic ore I'rof. I'rocter^iti hjs,!
re|h?rt.s:
'tKxtemling northeast and soutViwest through
the western comities <-t North Carolina are
large deposits of tlic purest magnetic iron ores
kuohu i:i t!;i:- couutry save is: thc Lake Super?
ior region. These ores, from a number of
Samples averaged by myself and officers ol tlic
Teutli Census and others, aualyze from ;1? per
cent to ?ii per cetil "I iron, and are, in Mitchell
and Asho counties. Sortii Carolina, reinarkahh ,
free fnuu phosphoruus and sulpliur. Keceut :
iluvelopin^uis ?i??ng jioe?? f tr.irtA inijes .
tru; prove the excessive nature ><! Lhe5odopf>s
its. Theonh pui?t.wliere these nrcu Kave as;j
yet been reached by railway is at Cranberry ;
mine,in Mitchell cottuty, Xortl: Carolin;:. A few
years ago the great mass of ore now nucovered
at this |"i:n hi I by :i thick covering of .soil
and decomposed gi\eiss, save only a few sur
l*a> ? ii.ii? vvlnch a small forge was sn??
nlii (I -.vitli ore. V.'ii!:i:i the past few years the
lace of the:hill has been uncovered, revealing
an enormous mass of very pure inaguetite to :i
l|eij{t!i uf30tl feet above (lie railway truck- Tlu
engineer jn charge nt the mines'assured tne
that from diamond-drill tests and the unctiv
pred inas?, bt luul her? |?i!e?t up aibove the
ti du?;, it.iris over 20,U?Ht,U0U tons of ore to
bv mined by si in pi; iptarrying in open cut: and
I doubtif nil ore of line excellence can be. dctiv
aredou cars at h >> eosi elsewhere in Anibrica.
A furnace test recenth made on Virginia j
coke the run mine of Cranberry ore, and j
a pig produced containing .03 per cent of pirns-!
phorus; and from practical furnace tests and
the analyses .-i ore from many openings, it is
demonstrated thai the entire district contains
in abundance an ore suited to the ha?a?fact?re
ot Uessciner steel. This ore is nearer to coke
(at lfi? Stone (laj)) than isanv other Bessemer
st< el ore know n to me in America. Front the
Itessemei ores uf the lake region, the source of
nearh all the steel w.n\ made in this country,
q the neuresl coke is about <W miles: fr??'ni
the liesst tuer tires of western North Carolina to
tli i-i ke ai Sttute Gap ii is LOO miles, and
between these two extr< mes are to be had the
rsrious ores above described. Beyond the
Blue Ifplge in the Carolinas, are large deposits
i). higliTgrade ores, a \. rvjgrcaj derelopuicjnt
ni the manufacture?il iron and Stcelwill follow
?P tin completion of the roads connecting the
eoktug cools and ores, in the region under dis
en?Sioii.
'A bcoteh it?;n nismufaetiirer of large expe?
rience, who spent some moiitUs m exaniimnf
me coals and or iu,|K. district extending from
southeast ? K ntuckt to western North Gari ,
oiuia, estimates the eokt of making a ton of pig I
I1/-,: >'-n<- Cap at .^7.KG; anil thinks that '
nessemei steel can be made at the same, place
.i> Itnv exist as i? I'ngland. This estt^ate'
I?7c!*fli estimates made by practical iron
aau steel manufacturers from Pciinsvlvnuia
wuo lavemade large investments at itig Stone
UlVor u,e l'"nH?se of development.
..*ttr??ces ami steel planfc at Big Stone Gap
will have, m adrlhi,.,, the local supply oi
?hat..... . ' " ''""it a great svstem
!;;?'.;? '? '?? p^ncu direct toaUoftiioi
r.; ???^ GI,ioSM,d Mississippi Val
icorcs tKaut Tennessee' S?utn
gm.?,an?i the thmdinas can be ^
co Je, ct?al, ami .,,<?.? iim^tone, the advantage
ot ?? l<?catiou oueomj -: - ?
Ivaulage <>i !
deltrerthe
marked inth,
;Tbe ores IV..
nVd ?hh}:i!,iH'au,i lll^'?ioUnascaub? ?hin?
? ; to ihesc furnaces, as it is
ke?' L S .i "rt'K"' ?'"???i^tion of the mar
So*^ )r "ll5 j??v?r?turnfn>teW tor
?IOtU Ujp loth()h0 St:t(..,.'?
FACTS POJt WASi;FACTt'ttKltR.
trconii? t,to,:!! but t.,ko tlu-.n ;t< t:!f>v nroAnt!
compare Uiem with urscea ?t CoiweUfMrWr.
Cort otcok? at C<mn< UhvllU t\c?aber 1380 :
Imoiare eofcfc, ?U6 per U)tt. Imir.dvv c?k>, ?.?f.
ilivif.':.i. wtaw iftrtn <;.mi?h-u?- (5o! t at ttow Hne
vine Us Furnace. Foundry
fittuhiirtfi,.f0.7?
Mai)oh?is > 0. . td? 3..H?
CJcvcirti;.;,. j,7ii ;j.?r, "?'.??/???'
.??Detroit,-.?. 2.;'.;. 4.*W
Cincinnati,_. u.r>a > r ,,.
L>m?v;l!e,.
Culc?gt?,.2.15 .j
St. Lottie. - .-. v. ';, *,
BaUimorc.. ^
Boston,.'.. 4.Ca G.V, ? ;:
total eWpmtfntt Trosn (^miet^viita tor m.. ;.?>?
XovrmWr % Jsao.c,,;;:? car?. ?h?rtlyut??? ret ? -
To HUntmrgh, c.ir..; to da? VftfrL 4dtf? i
ib* Ka-?, i,:U7 car*.
TJcssciiicrore is costing at. Pittscurg ?7.5<J
per ton, and non-lJe8Scm< r ore cosl? at Pitiff
burg from si.oo to $0.00 per ton.
Non-B? ssemcr ore ?rtli cost at Big Storfd Gap
from -vi.:.'., to $2.50 per too, and the It.. semei
ore from &j..>u to $3.00 per ten.
Limestone will cost at least tu ice a:< much
at Pittsbnrg as at Pig Stone Gap.
K. Jt said that 700 tons of Pucahootas c?!;?
j passes west through Bristol daily for furnaces
hi the Alabama and Chattanooga districts.
This coke will cost from $;.7S ta $i..53 pe r tori
at those furnaces.
These facts show the smaller Cost of coke
? anil iron ore at tlig Stone (jap and ro?uire no
j comment,;* Coke can l?e delivered at the ovens,
khere much cheaper than these figures indicate!,
j and still afford a large profit, to the malar.
oimniox ok TWO KSOMSII EXPERTS.
I Mr. John W. Darby, of Wv-l.an , Eng.; and
; Mr. P. Monks,of Werringtonj Eng., members;
of the British Iron & Steel Institute, recent! v
visited l?g Stone Gap. Mr. Darby is a voting
j man, but has already reached ? promiuent po
I sit ion among I tie iron r.nd steel producers of
j England. He inherits his aptness fi?r these in?
dustries from ancestors who have been pron:
| incut in them for a century. His giaudfajher
wasuhu lir.-J t<? make in;?'from inj coked ami,
! and his own plant, located near Chester, was
the first to list.- successfully the basic process
for i.iukiii^ steel. Mr. Monks is one of the
oldest and best known of the practical iron und
coke m< n of England.
I "The very things I wanted to see ace here.
I did not care to sec the ?hanutactories i:> (oper?
ation, for we hive those at home as numerous
und as nearly perfect as i>::e con id wish to see.
although i must say that I have been greatly
surprised and pleased at the great concerns we
saw i;i the North; Their equipments as-a not
so complete nor their tuotliods 90 economical a:s
ours in England, but they are rapidly ap
moacbihg it. What those of us who.nitmu
business wished to see in America is just what
I have seen to-day :it ?tja; Stone Gap; jis flue
coke ns 1 have ever seen in England, with
ore.: only two miles away, and iitm :\- ! - -
tween, together With ivateV power and railroads.
This is h combination that is bound tu mak<
you great here". 1 have iieyeriffceu if ? </????/. n
t lsewin rc. Vour coke is the bebt I have se< 1:
in America. The brown ores we"insnected to
dav nreadmirablv adapted to the basic proc-ss.
Of course, yonrproxupity to the magnetic tuVn 1
Cranberry i.-; a great card in your favor, hut
you will not need that to make the possibilities
of t!.ir? point simply incalculable. We have
been <>ver a large portion of the Southern min?
eral belt, and I regard this as the best point
I Wi.aave seen for the manufacturing of basic
? steel, owing to the quality and quantity of j
your brown ores and tiicir jifoximily t>? this
coke I hare enjoyed my day here greatly.!
and hope 1 can return soon."
Mr. Monks spoke in Wife .same str:-i:), savin-.' |
he had been a practica! producer <d' coke ami j
iron for forty 3 ears, ami that hehad never soen
better coko: and the iron ore, both brown and
rod were line. Me though! the-best card for
the future of l?g Stone i??p in the iron indus?
try was rim advantage it had over any other I
place he had seen for the production of steel !>?
t Inj basic process.
TIMBER.
Pro?'. Procter in his reporl says id' \'.<.' \
her: "About 90'-:pef;.cent <d* incluOe'd
in the U)(j::lachian coal-livid in Soutbwe.-it V:;
gini.', \\\ st Virginia^ind Soulhi a st K? ntucky,
is co\ered with fiurcst of "valuable hardv?*oo.l?.?
oak, yellow poplar, hickory; !"..?. The Ptacl;
Mountains, iinnicdiatcly ;:'i!t:: of !'.:;.? Stone
trap, are hiuivilv limbered frmu base to sum?
mit with mngaiJic! n't forests as I have
I seen.
--? ?*
USEFUL, AND 5UG?^?STIVE,
? A durable taljlcixenMftr is made of
pltiin white linen powd "reel over with
any small flower, such as the daisy, for
gct-mc^aot or violet, worked in wash
ipg silk.?N. V. World.
?To render Uudii or cloth water?
proof, take of boiled oil twenty-fivo
parts: borax, two parts; litharge, two;
parts; lump-Mack (or any other desired
color), two parts, Mix, and use at dis?
cretion.
?China silks and printed cottons rep?
resent very dainty and appropriate ma?
terial for the draperies in country
homos, especially for summer use, j
Denan is more durable and suited to I
?portieres.
?Soft Frosting for Cake.?Take one :
cup of sugar, five tablespoons of sweet
milk, boil four or five minutes, then
stir until cold, and put on atcool cake.
It is better than frosting with eggs.?
Farm and Homo.
?The best way to dry apples at home
is to place them upon clean, sweet
straw upon a wire tray, and put straw
over them. Then put them into the
oven all night, after which gently wipe
them off and press them llat with the
hand.?Detroit Free Press.
?A very good waterproof blacking is
composed of the following ingredients:
two ounces of beeswax, two ounces of i
tallow, two ounces of spermaceti; one
tablespoonful of lampblack. Mix all
well together and stir well. Apply
warm with a brush au I when cold pol?
ish Hkt; ordinary blaeidag. Broken
ends of candles will do for the sp:r
1 aeeti.-N. V. Tribune.
?Common Gingerbread,?Half a
pound of butter, half a teacupful oi
l\ one pint of molasses, two
pounds of Hour, one tablespoonful of
leratus. Rub the Hour and butter to
gether and add the other ingredients.
Ivriead the though. Roll it out, cut it in
cakes, wash them over with molasses
and water, and bake them in a moder?
ate oven.?Boston Budget,
?-Kose Bowl Doilies.? Exquisite doil?
ies for cut-glass rose bowls are made of
the fine silk bolting-cloth, A square, bor?
dered by clover leaves, worked in white
filoselie. and edged with gold thread, is
exceedingly pretty. Or, if one prefers
color, the clover-leaves may be worked
in two shades of clover-leaf green, and
edged with Japanese gold thread. The
edga of the mat should then be trim?
med off in the shape of the embroidered
leaves. These have a delicate, trans?
parent look, which sets off the bril?
liancy of the glass, a s no heavier mater?
ial can do.?Ladies' Home Journal.
?Au app ?tb'.ing medley to be. made
an hour or two he fore desert and sent
from the ice-box to the table without
change of dish consists of pineapple
ripe bananas and orange, After slicing
the orange tenr.it apart, rejecting" the
B?cds-avjtd f:l;'xr: ncr should the core oi
t he pineapple be used, the idea being to
;. t a palatable; as Weil as wholesome,
compound. Eithewehip the pineapple
a i smoked beef is cut, or chop it in
pi.'ecs the size of a marble, but do not.
mince it fine. Add as much sugar as
may be desired. This is a delicious
summer dessert when eaten with some
nice cake, and more delicate than baked
puddings, etc.?X. Y. World.
?A famous doctor says: "Eat a good
bowl of mush and milk for your break?
fast, and you will not need any medi?
cine. Indian corn contains a large
amount of nitrogen,,,has qualities anti
ccn: ti] al;j:g. and is easily assimilated, j
it is cheap and has gr^atnutritive prop
crties. A eou.rse of Indian meal in the
shape of Johnny-cake, hoe-cake, corn j
i or pone bread and mush, relieved by j
copious draughts of pure cow's milk, to .
! which, if inclined t ; d;-; pepsin, ?a lit.Ut||
I lime water may c ad led* will make a I
life, now a burJ. ;.. w-dt worth the V"' !
j ing, and you need no other t realms aid
, to correct your n^r-cu^si bright'1:; !
! your vislo? n?i) ^ite.yoit A fiweci dud j
I peaceful sld>p
j RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL,
j ?The iivya who has no trials, has no
^fellowship with Christ?.Ram's Horn,
j, ?Thens are two Philadelphia Baptist
j prsaehets who p.re in the twenty-sav
i cath year of their pastorates;
I ?If vre have any right to pray.
? bare a Eight to believe tSat our prayers i
will he atiswered,?Ram's Horn.
?To pray tdgetner; in whatever
longurj or ritual, is the most tender!
brotherhood of hope and Sympathy
that mcoTcan contract in this life.?? j
I Madame cb Stach
?The religions statistics of Vienna
| have recently been collected The
metropolis reports 1.195.107 Roman
Catholics, 41,043 Protestants, both
Lntherans and Reformed, 118,405 Jews,
and S,043 adherents of other confessions
, and non-r-digious.
?Words are flowers, and deeds arc
fruit. We are told that it is by their
i fruits, not their Cowers, that Christ's
j disciples shall be known. An hour's
[ talk about some good mission cause
does not indicate near so much what
I kind of a Christian a man is as the bill
j he takes out of h's pocket or the check
he signs in a single instant and gives to
j the cause.
?The library of Chicago university
comprises nearly 40.0 )Q vbl um es, valued
at $150.000, and is a unique scholarly
collection, especially rich in phU?sophi
; cal and biblical lore. lr. the latter re?
spect it probably surpasses any other
collection in the country, as it contains
complete sets of every English edition
of the Bible and translations in nearly
every tongue.
?Kev. Dr. Nay ay an Sheshadri, a full
blooded Indian, by birth a Brahmin,
who is in thi ; country for his health,
with his son, Dr. Sheshadri, who re?
ceived his English education in Bom?
bay and his degree from a Montreal
college, is said to be the first Brahmin
of Western India to be converted to
Christianity. He wan converted forty
eight years ago. Twenty-five years
ago he founded a Christian village, with
two persons as nucleus, and it now
numbers over 2,030 Christians^
?That the American Baptist mis?
sionary union and the Presbyterian
foreign missionary board find them?
selves burdened with debt at the close
of-their business year does not show
that the contributions of the churches
have fallen off, but that the expansion
of the work more than keeps pace with
their increase. Thus in the case of the
Presbyterian board, the gifts wen
greater by ?148,000 than in the previom
year, yet the society closed its year
with a debt?f $18.000. This, however. I
is 800,000 less than the debt of the pre- j
vious year. From the missionary so- j
cieties of all denominations comes an '
earnest appeal to the supporting '
churches for a large increase of gifts,!
so as to make possible the utilisation i
of new opportunities which arc open- !
Ing up on every side.?Boston Journal. j
?It costs something to care, for a i
child aright; but it pays for all it costs, i
Said a wise matron to a young mother: jl
"Never think that you are doing too
much for your*child. Never think thai.'
you may be denying yourself too freel
in order to give yourself to the care o jl
your child." And that was sound ad-j
vice. There is no danger of overloving. j
There is no danger of excessive ?elf- i
forge If nines-; in behalf those for whom I
Clod would have us live and die,
IWIT AND WISDOM.
?Amusement to an observing mind
is study.?-Disraeli:
? How easy it .is to feel big in thc
presence of a dwarf.
?There can bo no greater torture j
than to be conscious of imperfect ions in
oursei ves. ? Kam's 1 Torn.
?Snodgr?ss (after Snively finishes a j
fish stu*y)?Well, I like a liar!*' ?
Snively?You ego tist!?Epoch.
?Diamonds are only found in the ]
darkness of the earth; truths are only j
found in thc depths of thc thought.? j
Victor lingo.
?"Your argument is too one-sided. :
It reminds me of a Jug-Handle." "Oh! j
You grasp it with eise, eh?"?Indian- j
apolis Journal.
?Pessimism is the philosophy with I
which we regard our neighbors, and
optimism that with which we regard
ourselves. ?Puck.
?An unmarried person knows no
more about marriage than a man can
know of what is inside a book by the
appearance of the cover.
?pnawley.?I fell from my wheel
this morning, Miss Jones, took a wegu?
lar header. Miss J.?Is that so? I al
ways heard that you .never tumbled.?
N. Y. Herald.
?We hear it said sometimes that this i
is an age of transi1:ion as if that made
matters clearer: but can any one point
to us an age that was not? It he could, ,
he would show us an r,go of stagnation. !
w- Lowell.
?"I hear Br?nson sang 'Rocked in
the Cradle of the deep' at the concert."
??Yes." "Did he do it well?" He did
indeed. It was so vivid that five people
left the hall overcome with seasickness."
?Harper's Dazar.
?The principle to wliich polity owes
its stab?lit3r. life its happiness, faith its
acceptance and creation its continuance
is obedience, Obedience is indeed
founded on a kind of freedom, else it
would become mere subjugation, but
that freedom is on! v granted that obe?
dience may be more perfect.?Ruskin.
?A Suspicious Circumstance.?Office
Boy?Mr. Watts brought lack your
umbrella just now. Said it looked like
rain and he thought you might need it.
Potts?All right. * - * Oh. say, John?
nie, if Watts inquires for me at any
time during banking hours tell him I'm
pot in.?Indianapolis JouraajL
?The Meanest Yet.?Irate Subscrib?
er?I demand to see the editor. Where
is he? Printer?lie's In the loft. Tlic
citizens tarred and fenther.d him last
night. ' I. S.?Yes, and that's just what
I want to see him about. The tar be- j
longed to me and 1 waut th? editor to j
pay for it.?-Atlanta Constitution.
?What is it to maize the best of;
things? It is to rob life of half its cares
and to double its pleasures, to increase
its brightness both for ourselves and
others; it is to see the light shining
through the. cloud where others see
only blackness* and, finally, it is to
make this workaday world a garden of
delight instead of a place of weariness,
and life a thing to be enjoyed instead of
simply endured.?Demorest's Monthly.
?Ablest of Love.? Madge?I'd give a
good deal to know whether Will Wish?
lets is in love with me or not. Miilicent
-r-I'll tell tell you how you can find out
Madge?How? Miilicent?The. next
evening yon expect him to call wear
your new shirt and ask him to tie your
four in hand for you; if he mutees a per?
fect knot at the first attempt you can
make up your mind ne has nothing
more than a brotherly interest in yon
?Brooklyn Eagle._
Capes uti-.i ttanties.
I*rench canes of all the shapes in
vtjgue for cloth or lace are made of
ElMish crape for those wearing dee?
mousn:mj ^VcltBbelltJn?.?ft ms&l
tjoruer, and orrery caxtt ?rareaoe, arc the
only trimming'. Henrietta cloth capes
are widely bordered w-fth crape. Elder?
ly ladies wear mantles with short bach
and long slender front made of Henri?
etta cloth, and trimmed with broad
crape folds. Traveling cloaks for sum?
mer use are of iu-'.r* i.\ss black surah,
made in close graceful shape long
enough to cover the dress entirely, and
on them is mounted a deep cape cover?
ing the back and sides, but disclosing
the double-breasted front of the cloak,
with double row of large black pearl
buttons. Tailor-made jackets of black
Cheviot and of Bedford cord are worn
with various mourning dresses. Many
rows of braid or of stitching are the
trimming. For second mourning are
gray cloth jackets of graceful shape,
with black silk braiding done in a bor?
der and in iengt^nvise rows ending in
bow-knots. White cloth or French
flannel jackets are much worn with
black dresce=;.---flamer s Bazar.
IN THE ELECTRICAL WORLD.
?A new telephone line has been
nrncted between London and Paris,
The charge for use is 4?,. a minute.
?A Parisian electrician lias succeeded
in forcing violets by the aid of his bat?
tery, and recently stmt a bunch of these
?cd.!d:ngs only four hours old lo the
J r . . ivss Eugenie.
?An agreement ia.sa.i3 to have been
recorded whereby the Baltimore &
Ohio Railroad Co. agrees to sell all its
telegraph Lines to the Western Union
Telegraph Co: for 000,000.
?If is announced on what is claimed
toibe good ar.tn u-lty thai Mr. Ader, the
inventor of the /'Ader' telephone, has
now c instructed a Hying machine, and,
wliat is vastly rubre, has made flight of
three hundrt ci cv four himdred yards at
a height cf s '::: r>s t The machine
is operated by electricity.
?Lightning played a serious trick
upon Coo. J.o'. d. a resident of Jewett,
Ct A thunderbolt struck him, eans
i n g so v c r e L nt r ot dan go n -us burn s.
Since the accidi-;.: 1... ; ody m'c:?3 full
of electricity. V? ':. n he places hi3
hands together they adhere, and. when
bis feet touch it is ci III cult to senurato
them.
?A Frenchman is said to have in?
vented a thermal battery consisting of
a stove of cylindrical form, around the
central nnc of which are grouped sev?
eral hundred thermo-electric elements.
A small stove thus equipped is said to
be able lo produce, with the usual con?
sumption of fuel, enough electricity, if
stored, to run twenty live one hundred
candle-power lamps.
?The canal oil the left bark of the
Rhone at Geneva. Switzerland, is pro?
vided with 20 turbines, working up to
4,400 horse power. Frr rig the past
year 210 motors. tot;;lir*r l.TOS horse
power, have been dmt.n i...m the
works. rihe smallest?of one-third
horse power?have I ron used to run
sewing- machines while the largest?
02"> horse pbweT-^has driven the electric
light installation for sue town.
?A singular con-plaint comas from
the fire insurance eompar.ies. It re?
lates to large losses in the farming dis
Itricts on live stock, dus, as reported by
'.he farmers, to.lightning in connection
with the barbed-wire fences. -dost of
the animals killed 'a This way were
near the* wire for.... - at;the time, and
it is supposed the metal strands act as a
conductor of electricity in a degree suf?
ficient to largely increase the risks of
such insurance. Insurance men be?
lieve, however, that many cattle report?
ed as kilted by lightning were in reality
killed by injuries received; in coming
into violent contact with the barbed
Kwirc.
?The character of the decision of
?Judge Wallace in tl e incandescent
lamp suit, .-ays the Li' elrieal World, is
such as to cause snri rise even to the
always confident' friends of the great
Edison interests. In genera:, it is a
strong a film: a lion of Mr. Edison's
(laims to the invention of the practical
incandescent lamp of to-day. The tech?
nical weakness slh g-.-d : gainst the pat?
ent?the anfieipath a of high-resistem ;
lamps by Lane Fo? and Edison himself,
the frequent tee oi carbon in incand.es
| cent lamps, the weil known availability
Bof platinum leading wires, the rejec?
tion of claims identical with those of
: dison for lack of novelty and inven?
tion?all these are passed over almost
in silence, and the decision rests really
upon the patent influence of Edison's
work on the art of incandescent light
?For some time past, says the Wor?
cester Spy, there has been considerable
talk among the stockholders of the
CJxbridge and Northbr dge Electric Co.
regarding the ?dv'isa? illty of an elec?
tric railr-..a? 1 between varii u-> neigh?
boring Iowas. Toe ra Mter lias won
given.tlie-m?st through attention by
some of the morc; thorough enterpris?
ing stocks dd.n-s. v. l;.ii tee result that
an electric road lie;ween Mhachaug
village and East Douglas is practically
assured. Already about ?30.000 Itas
been subscribed; the plant for this
route to l.o situated at the village of
"Gilboa," in the town of Douglas. A
project which seems? to the stockhoid
?rs as thoroughly practical is a line
from East Douglas to Whitinsville,
there to connect with the system al?
ready built for Lin wood; thenco
through Uxbridge to the village of
Hecla.
NEXT TO A BABY.
He Eventually Deei.lcs to OtFer Ills Ssat
to a \1 oaj in.
She'had a baby, evidently her first
baby, and she made the mistake of
choosing the next seat to Josh, who
"hates tables, and of course tried to be
rid of this one. Josh looked the infant
over curiously. Then he addressed the
mother:
"Excuse me, madam, but is there any
danger of the child's exploding?"
"Sir?"
"I mean drooling, or spitting, or any?
thing of that kind."
'T think not, sir.''
"And you won't let it suck its fingers
and then grabble them over my face, or
pull off my eyeglasses or snatch at my
hat?"
"I will not, sir."
"And the child's safe? I mean it
hasn't got measles or whooping cough,
or croup, or scarlatina, or chicken-pox?
Those diseases are light for children,
but serious for adults, madam-"
"Sir, my child is quite healthy."
"Ah!" he said with a sigh of relief.
"Thank you, madam. Only pray don't
let iL splutter."
The car was crowded and a young
woman was standing near Josh. His
victim sought to retaliate.
"There is a young lady standing;
would it not be. well to give her your
seat?'5
"Madam, turn and turn is fair play.
Witten did you -ever see a lady give a
young man her seat?"
But the baby took matters into its
own hands and began spluttering,
and Josh; hardly getting up, tendered
his scat most politely to the young lady
and took another on which she had
been trrrnfa^ im &fl&v~tfftlefi? Blffl?k
} IN THE ELSCTRJCAL WORLD.
?Two trrtmcls of cr.'t iron for an
[electric railway hare been bnilt in
London a a put in operation for rapid
transit. They are three cs.los in length,
and ) /f we n ' * a>d ??feet no low tho
surface oi the eity's streets.
?x*i> rdmi urir'a man is said to have
invented an rngenic us electromagnet gas
eonlrotler, which will automatically
tarn up the gas when the elect: ie light
's tarr.i d < ii. and in cicc the. electric
light is turned on again the ?ras will at
once he lowered
j ?North Carolina is to hare one of the
i longest electric railway lines in tho
I world. It is to run from Asheville to
I Rutherfordton. d distance of forty-one
! miles. The power to operate the road
is to le derived from water. The lino
is hitended for both freight and passen?
ger service.
?According t? the Electric Had way
Advertiser, late reports show that dec*
trie cars a: e run successfully on rail*
j \% ays with grades as great as 14 per cent,
at distances of six-miles Or more ftorn
the power station, and at speeds as
high as 1~> to .30 miles an hour, with
single cars, and trains of from two to
four cars.
?About a month ago the office of a
mercantile company in Pueblo, Col.,
was run into and completely demolish*
cd by an electric car. A new office, a
duplicate of the one demolished, v. as
erected and occupied iy the firm, who,
in addition to the company sign, has
placed a sign with the following notice
on the front of the building: "Here?
after electric cars must secure permits
before entering this building."
?The Electrical Review SIly3 that,
while there has \ ecn quite an epidemic
of fires lately in New York city, curi?
ously enough not one of them has been
put down to electricity. rlhe Review
comments that it may be that electrical
men arc getting' b be mc re care f?l, and it
may aiso be that people whoso business
it is to inved igate fires and their causes
arc getting to be less r.ish in jumping
at con eins onn en insnir.eirnt evidence.
The Review is inclined to believe in tho
latter theory.
-t-Amongthe numerous electrical ap?
plications introduced of iate into steam?
boats is a winch designed for lipht,
variallc cargoes, the aim being to at?
tain great rapidity of lift with simplic?
ity, to effectivc is this machine,Ithat
it will vor:: while immersed in sea wa?
ter. The motor is enclosed in a stout
casing, and hns steel-cased coils, such
as those now used on electrical
launches. Tis? immense saving in time
and the great ease <?: handling attained
by this winch constitutes an element ?f
great commercial value.
?Since the advent of the electric
railway the telephone companies
throughout the country, who use
"grounds" principally for the re?
turn circuit, have hud a hard time of it,
?-?wing to inductive noises which are
et up in their wires by thc power cur?
rent, and which at times are so loud
and persistent as to render all efforts to
communicate over the wires futile. The
telephone companies have appealed to
the courts for protection, but thc decis?
ions of these conservative bodies have
?invariably sustained the rights of tho
electric railway companies to operate
their wires in the streets of cities, not?
withstanding the prior occupation of
the highways by telephone lines.
?A Russian named Spechncff is said
to have achieved a wonderful success
in agriculture by the use of the electric
current to aid the growing crops, near?
ly doubling ordinary .results in tho
growth of peas, beans, rye. etc. To ac?
complish his purpose, he sunk in the
ground large copper and /.hie plates
and connected them by iron wires; Thc
current was produced by pouring dilute
sulphuric acid on the plates. The effect
of the current on vegetable! is said to
have been prodigious. Th ? aggregate
yield was far above the average, and
some of the vegetables atttia vJ a re?
markable size. A radish, for instance;
was found to be. !T.inches long'and
inches in diameter; wh.lo a carrot
lOCincii-s long weighed 0 0 pv:?><?;.
What, was almost as surprising ?s tlia
size of the vegetables was their liae
? -s of grain, and nothi: g in either
their appearance or flavor gave the
lightest suggestion of coarseness.
BLOWN TO ATOMS;
.\ Pov/iler nt Central City, W. Vcj., Ez
j?1oi.*, I our teen thousand I'ovirjds o?
Pow(t< .* Go rp-?TJxrco Men Killed and
Several 'i jer- d.
An ]??? '<-.1 thai shook every build?
ing in <.'ur;.-': ? urg: ivy., took place at
s:30-o'clock ? j dry morning. Soon af?
ter it v,is h'arr'-.-.i tha^Vhelarge powder
mill at CeTiif; i I i?y ? ?. wi., six miles
from th v.. was blown up by
an accidental od-el.arg?! of pow?
der. Smoke and 'pie ces of human
flesh could ? e i en hi the air. The air
was like a Hark elor-d filled with eyery
thibg iraagiiiatde. pieces of t):e build?
ings were blown fcr a mile or more.
The building in which the powder was
stored v. us about :l > by o0 feet. A3
only the two men who ere missing were
in the destroyed house at the
time, it is believed by the em?
ployes who escaped that the miss?
ing- men wer-.: working when they
accidentally struck .^omvthing with
a hammer, which caused the explosion.
The bunding From which the explosion
occurred is totally destroyed, and not a
trace of it r '.t a.ns. Persons who had
never visited tue place before could not
tell where the bu Id trig had been situ?
ated. As fa:- as can i e ascertained there
are two men missing and one seriously
injured, while several are slightly hurt.
J. W. lades, of Huntington, W. Va.,
was missing. At 0 n Clock parts of his
remains were found under the river
bank about 300 yards from the place.
Geo. Well's skull was fractured by a
failing timber and he can not recover.
A number of others were injured The
amount of powder said to have been
burned was nearly 14.C0 J pounds. There
were about .v.) uu-n employed a t the time,
and as it was no eis. could tell how they
escaped alive.
The T.n*t Word,
Mrs. Hicks?This paper says there
are SS5,0Q0 words in the English lan?
guage.
Ilicks?'Taint right; SS5,00l is the
number. *
Mrs. Hicks?Why thc 1?
Hicks?": hat's the one you always in?
sist on hav in e* last.?dury.
Not Wholly Ratt,
"Quite cool, isn't it?" asked the horse
editor the other day.
"Yes, it is uns?.-.; ma le weather, 're?
plied the ? na're editor; "hut it has one
com pern.a: 1? n."
- What -U that?''
-No one :h :'s. 'Is it hot enough for
vr.i!?'" -j^tis-...'i.rjit Curonicte,
-lull Him Denier.?fattle Ben nie?
,; o-hoo! 'He '?; e -tur.g me. His Big
.. -a i-r? >- v-:' m-ud. I kill >d the
Liiii r. a ? e?Did you? i\oc
?;?.;: n-m th :i?U-r? (iroakJvn
AND DEALERS IN
Pure Mixed Paints, Linseed Oil and Turpentine,
Pamt Brushes, Whitewash Brushes, etc.
AGENTS FOB THE
LONGMAN & MARTINEZ PURS PREPARED PAINTS,
AGENTS FOR THE
Celebrated LANDRETH'S GARDEN asfl FLOWER SEEDS,
A FRESH SUPPLY ON HAND
Kiti ?tone Gop, - - . Virgin lei
Of all kinds made to order. We
have for sale, sash, weights and die
best grates in the country; also
Iron mantels.
Frorr
Send
have any m
the finest to the coarsest,
us your orders. If you
achine, scraps write us.
Respectfully,
? mi j
-5
3?
J. J. WOLFE.
H. B. CLAY. SR. J. C. MOORE, CenM Man'gr
,FE, UL?Y & uo.
WanuvAo; 1;rz-r<~. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
po j ? p * 3 ?i ki n hstoOCP
r\ w?' wJ U : ; / -\; \) lJ ^: . * ^OO ?- L>
i
1?
r
> 1? Ji .
1 P
Flooring, Ceiiing, Bevel and Drop Siding,
Moulding, Brackets, Finishing
Lumber, etc.
SIC STONE CAH, VA.
Plans And Estimates cheerfully furnished on application.
YOJ CAM BUY
FUSWITURE
B, X. SHOMTT,
AS LOWORLOWEHTHAN ANY RETAIL ESTABLISH
He will Guarantee Prices.
s r j ;; t j1. \Y R j i' V3.: G ix* a?
Fine Parlor and Chamber Suits, Office and
Dining Room Suits.
He carries a good stock from
the Finest to the Cheapest.
It will pay you to examine his stock and got priC33 before
buying.
BANK OF Bi? STONE GAP,
Capital, $30,000.00
incorporated under Vlrgrl/ila State Laws.
Does a General Banking Busine??.
(..?.:u:;>:-u.M)^>-::;: ? Ui;Hi'<l S:;t:<> SatloJial Bank ?<f. Nc* VorU.;
em ? Liwery ? Sthble
In. addition lo the First Class Stable 1 have at Sigr Stone Cap,
i have opensci as tot her at
Where ! shall keep a number of the Finest Riding Horses
constantly on hand. . .
3Prp****?t .attention jyiyen tP.aU^^. .
W. P. jbipsi

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