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The Big Stone post. (Big Stone Gap, Va.) 1890-1892, March 25, 1892, Image 2

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Entered at the post office at Big Stone Gap, Va.,
as second-clans matter, Nov. Htb, 1800.
51 fUBLlBHBD wskklt bt the
? epwIN BARBOUR, Editor.
One Tear,. $1.25
SJx Konto?, - ff.... .. - i i . 75
Payment strictly in advance.
A? vki'.tisint. Rateb :
Display advertisements per inch, for each Inserti o
Ltgal notice*, obituaries, etc., 10 cents per line each
Discount, allowed for one column or more.
Attorneys wiio insert legal advertisements in the
PoCT for their clients wilt be considered responsible
for tbam and bill* for the same are payable monthly.
Friday, March 25, 1892.
The Iron Ores.
Late developments have shown that the
amount of iron ore deposited in the moun?
tains around Big Stone Gap is far greater
than the most sanguine have hoped for.
Wallen's Ridge is filled with it. A vein
averaging thirty six inches in thickness
has been opened at numerous places, and
there is now no doubt of its persistency.
This can be mined at a minimum cost, as
it runs almost parallel with the surface of
tbe^nountain and at most places can be
gotten out by the simple process of strip?
ping. This process consists in simply
shoveling away the dirt which covers the
vein and blasting out the iron ore. This
t9 one of the cheapest modes of getting
out iron ore, and as there are inexhausti?
ble quantities of.ore within a circuit of
five miles around this city that can be
gotten out in this manner, there remains
-no question of furnaces located here be?
ing able to get ore at an exceedingly low
This question of whether or not there
were large quantities of iron ores here
has been the only one that has ever caus?
ed any doubt as to the correctness of the
claim that this is the cheapest point in
the United States to manufacture iron.
That there are inexhaustible quantities of
ore here can now no longer be denied.
The pick and shovel have proven this in a
manner that no number of so called ex?
perts could have done. It is no matter of
opinion that this ore is here. It has been
proven by ooular demonstration. The
iron mines are being operated, and the
doubter has but to open his eyes and see
what is being done around him to learn
that thore is no doubt about this being
the most favorably located spot in this
whole country for the manufacture of iron.
We no longer base our claims to recogni?
tion on this point upon the opinions of
geologists and mining experts, but say to
the "doubting Thomas" come and see for
The ores found in Wallen.'s Ridge are
by no means all in this district. Pros?
pectors have uncovered valuable deposits
of iron in almost every hill and ridge ly?
ing to the East or Southeast of Stone
Mountain. A careful estimate has shown
that in the ridge lying between Lovelady
Gap and Penning! on 's Gap, a distance of
about twenty miles, there is sufficient ore
to supply two of the- largest .furnaces in
the country over twenty-five hundred
years. This is in one ridge alone, and
figures as to the quantities that are avail?
able in this immediate section would ap?
pear incredible.
No unbiased man, who will acknowledge
the truth, can any longer doubt that there
are untold quantities of iron ore easily
gotten at laying in theso mountains, and
this being the case Big Stone Gap must
have advantages for the manufacturing of
iron that arc possessed by no other point
in the United States.
-> <??.
About The fair.
The Fair to be held, at Big Stone Gap
this Fall seems to be the most general
topic of conversation here just at this
time. Everybody agrees that it ought to
be held and say they are willing to lend
their assistance towards making it a suc?
cess. This is all well as far as it goes.
Wp aregiad that thisapirit prevails among
the citizens of the town. This, however,
wlil never make a Fair. Organized effort
is what is needed and is what must be had.
The Fair must be held and earnest work
must .commence at once in order to get
everything readyjto hold a creditable expo?
sition of our. wealth when the time comes.
There is no time.tq lose. There are only
five, months left before Fall commences
and much work will have to be done be
fore that time, in order that the Fair shall
be what is.contemplated.,
A meeting of.the citizens and people in?
terested ^in this section should.be called
at once; an association organized and
work of preparing for the i'air commenc?
ed. The success of this Fair will depend
more than anything else apoi: the kind of
man who is placed at the head of it. He
must be a man thoroughly imbued with be?
lief in the richness of this section, and one
who is willing to lend every effort to show
to the world what are the grounds upon
which \\k> bases this faith. We have here
i? Big;Sa^ije (itt,p the very man who ca?,i
if he w&>,J take hold of this thing and
inake a'snccess that will he of more real
benefit to' the community than thousands
of datter? spent iu advertising. We refer
to Mr. Jas. W. Fox, If Mr. Fox can
be induced to take the lead and press the
matter of holding a fair and exposition,
we feel sure that there will be no doubt
of its being an affair that will be of im?
mense benefit to the community.
The Post hopes that Mr. Fox will con?
sent to take hold of this scheme, and. in
the event that he does, promises him all
the assistance in its power.
Daniel on Hill.
Hon. John W. Daniel has written an
able and eloquent letter defending Sena?
tor Hill against the charges that have
been brought against him by the mug?
wumps and "slip-shod" Democrats of New
York. He says very emphatically that
the charge that Hill knifed Cleveland in
1888 is a falsehood. Senator Daniel says
that he heard Cleveland himself say that
this charge was false and that Hill was in?
capable of such an act. Such a statement
coming from Senator Daniel must .be re?
ceived as the truth, as no breath of sus?
picion has ever rested upon his fair name.
He is too true a Democrat to support a
man who had been guilty of knifing his
party's candidate for the presidency.
Senator Daniel goes over Hill's record
as Governor of New York pretty thorough?
ly, and shows that not one act of his can
justify the charge that he is a party trick?
ster. He made an able, honest and pa?
triotic Governor of the Empire State. It
was largely through the stand taken by
him that New York should make "no ap?
propriation for the World's Fair if the
Force Bill should become a law, that the
Democrats in Congress were enabled to
defeat that measure. In this he did a scr
vice for the South that should never be
forgotten, and this very act of his is often
cited by his opponents as an instance to
prove his being a trickster. If this be
trickery then the Southern people love
him for being a trickster and will show
their love when it comes to sending dele?
gates to the National Convention.
Liberal extracts from Senator Daniel's
letter appear on the first page of the Post
to-day and no good Democrat who wants
to know the truth about Hill should fail
to read them.
The South and Its Industries.
Locisvillk, March 24.?There iH every
reason for persons who are interested in
the development of the mineral districts
of Kentucky, the two Virginias, Tennessee
and Alabama to rejoice in the preseut
prospect. Every report of the census
bureau tends to confirm their confidence
in the vastness and value of the resources
of that district and the belief in a speedy
and unparalleled activity. Many may
complain of the tardiness of development;
but it should be remembered that at the
close of the war there was little stock left
for the farmers of the South; the railroads
were few and almost worthless for cither
freight or passenger transportation, their
bridges having been destroyed their in?
ferior iron rails worn and broken; the la?
bor system had been revolutionized; there
was little money in circulation, and we
had in addition all the havoc and demor?
alization of war to contend against. Buj
to go back no further than ten years the
census reports show that within that pe?
riod the short and dilapidated railroad
lines have been consolidated, steel rails
have been substituted for iron, road beds
have been improved, strong bridges built;
rolling stock has been increased and the
mileage in the five States, viz., Georgia,
Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee and Ken?
tucky has increased from 8,000 to over
16,000. The number of passengers have
increased from 3,700,000 to 20,500,000; the
freight earnings from $10,900,000 to $38,
000,000 per annum; the number of passen?
ger cars front 044 to 2,000; the number of
freight, cars from 1,800 to 61,000, and the
total earnings of the roads from $32,700,
4)00 to $71,800,000. The output of iron
has reached from a few hundred tons to
2,000,000 and coal to 20,000,000.
* *
These additions and improvements in
transportation have been made chiefly in
the direction of the mineral .regions and
to meet, their present and prospective de?
mands for outlets. Previous to the de?
cade, commencing with 1880, railroads in
the South sought the agricultural plains
md shuuned the mountains; now they
seek the mountains as the most profitable
field for production, and pay less regard
to agricultural tonnage. This tendency
will continue until every valley in the Ap?
palachian region is penetrated by tife vast
systems that are now seeking mineral
tonnage, and henceforth there will be no
lack of transportation.
-*-.:*?-??'" - * . i :i
Sagacious managers like Milton Smith
and John Inman early appreciated the
value of this new field for railroad enter?
prise and they have persistently pushed
the exteusion of the systems .under their
charge in the direction above named.
?' .? * ??-'' -?'
Another significant fact indicating the
new direction ,which the lines of traffic and
trau spur tali on have taken may be found
in the official' report which shows that
uearly 50^ of tlte exports of the United;
(States during the month of November
1H1JI passed through Southern ports; not
including 'any port on the Pacific Ocean
in the \ht. This proportion of exports
will be exceeded each year until the bulk
of the vast - product of )>oth grain and
minerals from all points South of Chicago
.and including that city will find an. outlet
[ through the South Aflautieaud Gulf chan?
nels. It.is not generally known that Chi?
cago is seveilty-five miles nearer Norfolk
that it is to New York, and that St. Louis
'is two hundred miles nearer Savannah^
that to the same port. The salubrity yf
the Southern climate which prevents
blockades of snow, permits industrial
operations at all seasons and the natural
law. of commerce that directs it along
straight lines and through deep channels
will soon make Savannah, Newport News
or Torktown or Norfolk the great centers
for the Southern and Western output of
both minerals and cereals as well as cot?
ton; and to these points the Appalachian
coal and iron district will have the most
direct and intimate connection.
* *
The impression has prevailed in the
North that the South was unhealthly, yet I
the statistics show that the mortality
throughout the section including the ma?
larial districts is less than in the North;
and of course there is no question of the
bealthfulness of the mountainous dis?
tricts if sanitary laws are at all respected.
* *
There is but one great danger in the
South, and particularly its mining dis?
tricts, has to fear, and that is the folly of
our representatives in Congress. The
price of iron is now so low that many furn?
aces in the North and West must suspend
operations. There has been an enormous
production, exceeding the steadily increas?
ing demand This prostration of the mar?
ket has resulted from the underselling of
the Southern furnaces. Iron can be made I
so much cheaper throughout the four orl
five Southern iron States than in the old
iron States of the North, owing to the
abundance and location of the raw mate?
rial, that the latter has found further com
petition impossible unless legislation can
bo secured which will give Eastern furn?
aces ores free of duty?such as can be
brought from Spain, Algiers andSweeden
at a low rate by vessels that are anxious
to secure ballast on their return voyages
from Europe after delivering our grain
and cotton. Unless such legislation can
be speedily secured Eastern furnaces mus-t
suspend or move South where the raw ma?
terial is so much cheaper and in closer
proximity. It is simply a question of the
survival of the fittest; and, unless our
representatives in Congress ore traitors
to their constituents or too ignorant to
comprehend the situation, the fall in iron,
which appears to the superficial observer
as a calamity to the entire country, will
prove of incalculable value to the South.
Do they not sec that Massachusetts, New
Jersey and Connecticut are allying them?
selves with the democratic party upon the
assumption that it will give them tree raw
material and avoid the necessity and cost
of moving their manufacturing plants to
the South? Insane Southern freetraders
are contributing all in their power to this
movement, though its success would prove
of incalculable injury to the vast indus?
trial section of which Big Sione Gap may
be regarded as the center. Should the
Democratic party acquire control of the
1 government a desperate tight will be made
by Eastern manufacturers to secure legis?
lation which will most assuredly save
them and ruin the future prospect
for Southern development. Ores can be!
brought from Spain and Cuba where min?
ers are paid only 30 or 40 cents per day
and delivered at any seaport on the At?
lantic coast at a nominal freight; and but
for the duty the Southern miners would
find it impossible to compete with them.
The issue is a vital one to our mining dis?
tricts and those who have invested their
capital in those districts can not too zeal?
ously oppose any legislation which will
reduce thejduty, Re move thedutvon iron
ore and coal and, for my part, I would not
give one dollar per acre lor any iron or
coal land in the South. That persons
whose entire fortunes are involved in such
investments favor it, is the most remark?
able mental phenomenon thai has ever
come within my observation. Dcme
gogues who thrive by pondering to the
ignorant prejudices of people may vote
for it in congress, others may favor it to
maintain their prominence and contribute
to their notoriety; but I can not see how
any honest friend of the South or any pa?
triotic citizen of the United States can
support a proposition which, if success?
fully would put one half of the union back
to what it was twenty years ago and de?
stroy one third or more of its wealth.
But the Eastern States have had thoir way
for thirty years, sacrificing every other
section for their advantage, and they may
carry the day. They may, by the aid of
Soutberen renegades maintain high duties
on what they have to sell and remove all
duties on what they have to buy, and per?
petuate their power. They are practical
and cunning schemers. They shape our
legislation. They take every advantage
of our lack of busiues acume and of our.
silly sentimentations. They cajole and
corrupt our alleged leaders, They frame
the laws while our representatives are
prating their platitudes on the fioor of
congress and getting the kid gloves ap?
plause of the galleries. They now realize
the necessity of putting a stop to the indus?
trial movement in the south, and they
will leave nothing undone to save them?
selves and destroy us. A blind man may
see the play they are making; and no one
but a traitor or a simpleton will contrib?
ute to their triumph.
# * f J
During the first third of the present
century when the shipping interest of
New England were in the ascendency the
people of that section were free traders,
and Daniel Webster made a speech iu con?
gress to prove that a protective tarifFwas
unconstitutional. But the domination of
the shipping interests gave way to the as?
cendency of the manufacturing interosts
and public sentiment demanded protec-1
tion. The same statement reversed his
position and became the great champion
of the protective principle.^He then showed
it was constitutional. The manufactures
have grown rich under it; but finding.now
they can not compete with the South
without abolishing the duty on the rich
I and cheap ones of foreign countries they
demapd "free raw material" and seek to
! lead the Democratic party Into a betraval
of the South for their continued enrich?
ment. As long as the republican party
served their interests, they were republi?
cans; now that they want free raw snateri
al and ihe republibans refuse to. give rit
them they look, as . a last resort, to the
democrats,. This is the meaning'of the
present attitude of certain manufacturing
.8.t*|tes In New England toward the Demo?
cratic party und to Cleveland. They have
ii job to be done a!nu they want' us to do
'it. Beyond that.they have no use for the!
Democratic party or any other". "The!
amazing part of the matter is that South?
ern politicians are so eager to play, into
hands at the sacrifice and ruin of their
own section.
? ?-?/?? . -?'?* *
After all no one can marvel at the
shrewdness and selfishness of New Eng?
land. Her people' vote with that party
which best promotes their materal inter?
ests. They have no maudlin sentimental?
ities on the subject. It is a matter of
business, and pitv 'tis that the South does
not view parties and platforms from the
same standpoint instead of running wild
over the vagaries of dreamers'and the
prating of politicians. 1 do not urge the
South to go into the republican party for
the reas?h that the tendencies of that
party on the race question are ruinious to
the South; but I do urge that the Southern
people send to Congress and every other
public station "men who understand her
material needs and will intelligently sub?
serve them. The mining districts at least
should appreciate the importance of doing
this before they are sold out body and soul
by their ignorant or corrupt representa?
tives. For this reason I am glad to see
you advocate the election of Gen. Avers to
"the Governorship. He is identified with
the industrial movement in Southwestern
Virginia; appreciates its vital importance
to the solvency and restoration of the
State, and would make an honest and
capable executive. It is the first import?
ance that such men be placed in repre?
sentative positions throughout the South.
There has been enough of platitudes and
platforms?those trashy husks by which
the Southern people have so long been
fed leaving the grain to their adversaries.
Let us have fewer fine sentiments and be?
come more practical and business like in
our political methods and aims. Political
parties should be organized to further ma?
terial ends not to help to heaven; and
that party is best for any people which has
honesty as its basis and best promotes
their industrial interests. C. E. S.
-? -o- ? ?
Jay Gould Said to He Negotiating for the
Purchase of Clutpultepec
at ?7,000,000.
City ok Mexico, March 22.?Jay Gould
and party are expected to visit this city
the latter part of this week. The state?
ment is made here on high authority that
Mr. Gould jV now negotiating with the
authorities for the purchase of the Chap*
ultepec Castle, for which, it is said, he has
offered the sum of $7,000,000. Mr. Gould,
it is said, desires to make the castle his
winter residence, as his physician has
advised him that he is no longer able to
stand the rigors of a winter in New York.
Several newspapers here have published
the fact that Mr. Gould is trying to buy
the castle and they call upon their gov?
ernment not to dispose of the famous
The Horrible Crime of Which u Prominent
Teiinessee.m Is Accused.
N>;wrouT, Texx., March 22.?In the lat?
ter part of November Esquire David
Boyer disappeared and was not seen again
until today, when his horribly decom?
posed remains were found in a well on his
farm. Three bullet holes were found in
his clothing. Mr. Boycr's 25-year-old
son, Wash, who is county superintendent
of public schools, skipped as soon as the |
body was found, and is hiding. His
brother has offered$5,000 reward for him,
dead or alive.
NrwrouT, Texx., March 23.?Boyer was
captured in the cave late tonight. He is
in jail at Newport, with strong talk of
lynching. A lewd woman is mixed up in
the affair.
He Reaches Washington From Hin Trip
Through the South.
Washington, March 24.?Senator Hill
has returned from hisSouthern trip. He ar?
rived at 10:20 Sunday morning oil the
regular Richmond & Danville express.
District Attorney Ridge way, of Brooklyn,
and Asst. Adjt. Gen. McEwan of Albany,
accompanied him. The party took a car?
riage and drove to the Arlington Hotel.
Senator Hill says he had a most enjoyable
trip. "As J said in several of my speech?
es," he said t his afternoon, "I have gained
new ideas of the South and its needs. I
made a great many speeches to large
crowds of people, and everywhere met an
enthusiastic and cordial welcome." Sena?
tor Hill has no plans for the immediate
future. He expects to remain in Washing?
ton for some time to attend to his duties
in the Senate. He says he has not ac?
cepted ah invitation to address the Hill
Club, of St. Louis, and probably will not
be able to accept it.
Three prominent men of Wise County Town,
Comrades in arms. Jones, Robinson and Brown,
Tired of store and desk, said they would go
And try their luck at a hunt in the snow.
These three noble sportsmen, on slaughter bent
To their homes, for boots, bags and guns, all
Thus prepared, they set forth the hills to
Each one to bag the most game in least time.
Much excited, the town saw the men start,
And was ready to lend them horse and cart
Spoils back to bring, its eyes to feast upon,
And to greet their return with a "well dofH."
"Where ?hall we go?" said Jones?"Birch
Lane," said Brown.
"Xo, no," said Robinson, "up hill, notdowu."
So, over fences and ridges they climbed,
Fingers on triggers, but no game could find.
Tramping along in deep snow, slush and mud,
At times they aat down, at others they stood,
Then would rush off, when rustling sounds
were heard, ?
To learn the .wisdom of a knowing bird.
Said Jones "I felt sure we rabbits should see,"
Said Brown "This hunting is too hard for me,"
Said Robinson "We have been greatly sold;
For us to get nothing, must not be told."
I "Fortune favors the brave," some fools do say,
I "Not true of us, for we've been brave to-day."
r'Mates there's no help for it; back we go,
Wending, homeward through the slush, mud,
and snow."
Said Jones "I am mad as a Marcb hare now,
And could, for spite, bang ofFat yon old cow.
Look at the beast; at us she is laughing,
Whil'st I am starved, and a stiff cold catchin V
Up and down hill the party jogged along,
With faces long as fiddles, but no song,
Tired aud foot-sore, home they reaoh'd again,
?Garnele?? and sad, and somewhat lighter men?1
March, 1892. W. j
C. E. & C. H, SPALi
"V 7
Contracts taken for Building from foundation, and all
We guarantee good work, good materials, and a perfect lb
and specifications furnished when d<
E. E. Goodlok.
Saddle Horses to hire or sell. Special attent
horses. East Fifth, between Clinton and Wyandol
Goodloe Bros.' store.
BULLiTT - x - McDowell - mbs
We have in our office complete abstracts ot
sold by the
And of the bulk of the lots and acre property
in the town and vicinity of BIG STONI
For three years we have been collecting and
now offer them to the public with the assurance ol accui
IPtf-You Can Not Afford to Buy without an A
C. moe!
1 v , im.? K jUl j
HESS; W^m&Bi
Stoves, Wrought Steel Range.
Tools, Cistern and Weil Pern
Farming and Gardening
SIO, Sl 2 Broadway, (Bet. Shelby C
W. A. McDowell, Presldeni
? \t*
Authorized Capital, $100.000.00
Incorporated under the Laws of State- of Virginia.
Does a Ceneral !
J. F. BULLITT. JU. H. C. M< 1)0? I ? ? Jll
Temporary Quarters, Opposite Post Office. BiC
W. FT. Nickels, President.
T. IT. Mason, Vice-President.
Virginia-Carolina Timber Cc
a i
Big Stone Gap, Virginia
Eastern Office, 36 Beaver Street, N v; V
r ti
tlawirii' J
The company wiii receive from Shipper
ticn for EYPORT DIRECT to Hamburg or L
merits of Oak, Poplar, Cherry and Ash.
handlingsuch shipments and for obli inii
in the foreign markets cannot be excelled.
This space belongs to
Successors to the
JVIorriss-Dillard Hardware Co,
A Large Stock At
Low Prices.
TJIKGIXIAIn the Clerk'? office ot the Cin til
* Courfof Hie county of Wise on the ilthday of
February, 1892, in Vacation.
J. E. Abraham, Deft. )
The object of this suit is to surrogate
the plaiutiiTs, Win. Miller and H.lfJ. Bush
to the rights in Equity of L. M. Vaughan
and S.D. Ferguson; and to en force against
J. E. Abraham, defendant, a Vendor's
lien on parts of l?te .'{ and -t of Block M,
of''Improvement Go's Flat I,''of the town
ot Big Stone Gap, for I he payment of one
third of each of two purchase money
notes for $1,000, dated January 28th, 1890,
and due in one and two years from theii
date respectively, signed by plaintiffs,
Win, Miller and 11. G. Bush and Defendant.
J. E. Abraham, the Plaintiffs having paid
off and discharged the said Abraham's
one-third of each oi the two notes, the J
lien sought to be enforced,, having been
retained in favor of said Vaughan and i
Ferguson in. a deed from said Ferguson
and said Vaughan and wife. I<> Win. Mill?
er, J. E. Abraham and H. G.Bush, il:it
February 12th, 18$), and recorded in Wise
County D.B.lti p.,?*>!! and an affidavit Itaving
been made and filled that J. E. Abraham
is not a resident of the State of Virginia,
it is ordered that he do appear here within
fifteen days after due publication hereof,
and do what may In: necessary to protect
his interest in this suit. And it is further
ordered that a copy hereof be published
once a week for four weeks in the Big
Stone Post, and that a copy be posted at
?hefrontdoor of liie Courthouse of this
county on the first day of the next term i
j^f the county court of said 'county. ? j
Win. Miller, et.al., Pit H i
In Chancen
H. I. Ir?but, p. q.
J i i ti' Stoin
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