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DAILY EVENING BULLETIN.
VOL. 2 XO. 207. MAVSVILLE, KY., MONDAY, JULY 23, 1883. PEICE ONE CENT. nwwm CTT 1? W r THE 01L1M 1 llUlMlO The General Public in Sympathy With the Strikers, The GrntpliiK Corporation Ituiiiilnn 1,okI Fnllliitf Ofr of Over I'lfly Per Cent or IIiihIiicnh Ntock brokers Leasing Wire ami Fur ' nlshliii; Their Own Operator The KniulilN of l.nlior mill Prlvnto Cup. ilalisls Hacking flio llrolherliood. Etafl Cor. of the Am. Press Afoclntlon. Nkw Yoiik, July 20. I had hoped to reached hero before tho consumation of the 'great strike of tho telegraphers), being un- j cortaiu whether .thereafter tho American Press Association's wire could be coin- i manded. I am fortunate, however, in finding it unaffected by that momentuous occurrence. It is, of course, tho principal topic of conversation hero on 'Change and among business men everywhere. There is a pretense of being able to handlo their business on tho park of the companies here at their central offices, but it is a more pro-tense. All tho district offices in tlio city are closed to reinforce the central. Even then in numbers of operators tho central oflices fall fnr short of tho usual working forco. apart from tho fact that in efficiency they hardly count two for one. lint thoso district offices aro tho business gatherers of tho corporations, and tho fulling olF in business is onormous. Wore this Inst not tho fact, the forco tho Wcstorn Union musters hero would not even answer for a mako shift. Not only Iitivo the in the city, (and I suppose tho eamo plans have been resortod to in other large cities) been called to the central oliico, but instruments in numerous country offices have !en closed to reinforco tho central. Sources of revenue aro thus cut oil", proportioned probably to what is gained, and it amounts to tho robbing of Petor to pay Paul. Instantly on Thursday, after tho strike tho business of tho companies fell off not less, probably, than 50 per cent, and outside of tho Brotherhood of operators it is questionable if tlieie aru efficient telo graphcrs on tho continent sufficient to do more than fifty per cent of tho work performed up to tho timo of tho strike. In speculating upon the ability of tho to hold out against tho Brotherhood it is not a question whether they can do business, but whother they can do all thc.r business profitably. Telegraph companies aro public eetvuntsr and tho same laws apply to them as to common carriers. As tho latter are required by law to receive goods for ' portation and to transport' them with due j . ... -"6 "- .--..v.. v.... ,,, Ua courts have held that a difference between them and their employes in regard to remuneration is no excuse for not currying out their implied contract with each so any person whose business is dependent upon a telegraph company may require it to send his message promptly, strike or nostriko, and if it fails to do so, he can recover any damage which lie may sustain. Every hour the companies are now risking theso liabilities in addition to tho possible errors that may result disastrously to commercial men. The masses of the people aro in lull sympathy with the operators, for sovcral rcasous. First, there is the growing feeling of opposition to monopolies generally, of which tho Western Union is among the most objectionable. Second, the work of tho operator, especially in central oflices, is most laborious and taxing upon tho vital forces. Not only is the eonse of hearing kept continuously on tho alert hour by hour without intermission, but thought must be continuously concentrated upon one message after another that no mistakes may occur. Third, it is kuown that tho earnings of tho Western Union particularly have been largo, and that a systematic reduction of salaries has been made whenever opportunity has offered. And lastly, largo numbers favor strikes on general principles of political conducted, many look upon them as a sort of safety valve against what, if pent up. would result in ruinous explosion, to-wit, tho capital and labor conflict. Theso hold it to be the unquestioned lessou of history that capital is inherently uggressivo, and spurred on by competition it would crush out all sin all undertakings, trample on individual right? and reduce bruin and muscle bolow the status now held by thoso commodities in Europe. New Yoiik, July 20. Tho strikors yesterday aftornoon hold a meeting at No. 8 Horatio street. It was 1 o'clock when the hall of the building was filled, and five minutes past that tho mooting was called to order by Chairman John Mitchell. The hall was unlightcd, and its semi-darkness was relieved only by the light coming in the windows at the roar. When everything was ready Mr. Mitchell introduced Mr. II. C. Traphagen, who referred to the fact that President T. V. Powdorly, of the General Executive Committco of the Knights of Labor, was present, As Mr. Traphagen concluded, a mau was heard inquiring if tho operators would stand by the linemen, and the response, half drowned with cheers, was "always." Mr. Mitcholl read & dispatch from Chicago, stating 700,-000 men of other trades and professions had agreed to stand by the operators and furnish money if wanted. A roply messag thanking the wage workers was read. Mr. Jas. Campbell, of tno Association or Pittsburg, said tho men who controlled the monopolies of this country flauntod the blaok flag of slavery. Robert W. Prioe, a miner of Maryland, gave hit ideal of making a strike, and counselled the mon to stand firm. Cheers were given as fifty new members joined the Brotherhood. The Chairman read a lottor from Thos. A. Edison: "Send word if telographors want money. If they do, call on me." Another letter from a broker tendering his financial support, was read. Mr. Seymour said he had received a from George H. Ellery, of tho Franklin Company, who sent word the telegraphers could pbtaiu any amount of money by sending to him. A telegram from Chicago was read, 'saying tho theatres were giving nightly and daily performances in aid of tho telegraph strikers, and that the merchants of St. Louis were subscribing money that was being received by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch in aid of the operators. Mr. P. J. Morris then spoke, cautioning the men against intoxicating liquors. A resolution was adopted declaring until they have gained the victory thoy pledge themselves to abstain from intoxicating drinks. The mooting adjourned until 11 a. m. to-day. At 9 o'clock tho linemen, with spurs and plyers, will moot in a hall on Canal stree and march to the hall. They havo engaged a band ot music, and will have flags flying on which will bo : " Give me liberty or givo mo death." General Thomas T. Eokcrt: "We will pull through beyond doubt. I don't think tho operators have acted fairly. Wo would have listened to their demands. In fact tho committco wns sending up to hear their grievances. We havo treated and intend to treat our employes fairly, Tho operators acted without any apparent deliberation and in a selfish manner. They throw tho country upside down for their own benefit. Wo would.have heard anything." When Henry Clowes was asked what ho thought of it, he said: "I am of tho opinion it could and should have been avorted on a fair compromise basis." "How will tho strike affect commercial interests?" "Business must be more or less disjointed, though 1 think it is well it should have occurred during tho dull period, as the injury will be materially lessoned. We will now be compelled to resort to the old way of conducting business, by mail, and this will afford an opportunity to havo a greater appreciation of the sorvico now rendered by that department." "It is not likely to cause a panic?" "I haidly think so, tliough another element to increase the distrust was tho difficulties of the trunk lines, which necessitated a meoting to-day, and I think if their action should result unfavorably Wall street may undergo another squall." "All my sympathies aro with tho operators," said another prominent Wall street man, "and I should be glad to sec them succeed, it would show tho company that it would bo wiso to respect the demands of (p.se who Bpeud their lives in the service." Cincinnati, July 20. Everything is quint about tho telegraph offices to-day. All parties concerned are settling down to a determined strike upon the one hand and a determined up m tho othor. The strikers' commltieu is patrolling the front of the door of the Upon passing the guar's on the stairs with some difficulty the reporter found the supplied with forty-five operators. Tho most of them looked about them with the air of straiijrori. Among thorn was Manager Pi.ige. ticking away at an instrument ns as tho busiest. "How is business?" united the reporter of him. " We havo enough operators to handlo business with reasonable promptness, though not a full mice. We havo throo men at work on New York wires, and two each on Chicago and St. Louis wires. We are receiving new men all the timo from the country and the vicinity, and I think in a ew days we will be completely equipped again. " How is tho company getting along without you?" inquired the reporter of one of the Brotherhood ou guard. " Thoy arc getting no recruits. They boasted thoy had !!0 men engaged. Thoy really have only 21. including the chief operator, superintendent, malinger, night chief operator, two pr three ussiHtouts, nnd a djzen or bo of " dummies. Theso " dummies" are persons who know nothing about the businoss, but are kept at the instruments to make a show. 1 toll you that tho company can not hold out against us more than a Guy or two. It is a business requiring constant practice, great mental and bodily labor, and quickness. Theso 'plugs' they are raking and scraping up can't do tho work." "But can't thoy gel the men fiom tho country?" " No. sir; they can't get competent men anywhere. There was a 'plug' came blustering around hero from some private office and said he had Jay Gould to hack him. Wo soon informed him thai wo had as much power backing us in the Knights of Labor as the company had in Jay Gould, and we proposed to demonstrate it before we are through." " How about tho students of telegraph schools ?" " Now you are joking. These students could not operate a singlo lino in commercial business to savo their necks, much less trunk lines and press dispatches. They do not amount to that," and the oporator snapped his fingers in the air. At the B. & O. oliico there is not a ma.i at the Instruments. Manager Capton Bays he will some timo to-day get five or six good men with which he wi'.l got along until ha can do bottor. The mon aro coining from a distance At the Mutual Union ofiico thoy have one-first class oporator at work, and aro doing business with great delay. Ono of the Mutual Union wires has boen leased to P. H. Burt & Co., on Fourth stroot, and other stock brokers here and in New York for their excluslvo use between Cincinnati and New York during the striko. It will be oporated by men furnished by tho brokers, and they will havo thoir ofiico hero at No. GO West Third street. Manager Lawler compliments the striking operators highly and says he does not believe they can get a bettor sot of men. Chas. Kahn, jr., J. W. Miller, F. A. Armstrong and other grain and provision brokers have gone to Chicago to avoid the delay by telegraph, in disposing of Itng deals, fearing a falling market. Financial aid has been tondered the serlkcrs by a number of Third street brokers. Thoir reasons for suoh a course are that in case tho company gains its point so many good men will quit the service, or bo "blackballed, that tho business of the brokers will bo endangered. The proposed aid was declined. The men claim that they can hold out three months oiftwhat funds they have. Thoy will then get aid from the Knights of Labor, and when that is exhausted it will be timo enough to call upon the public. Colonel Bob Miles has tendered the free use of the Grand Opera House for a mass meeting, and several prominent gentlemen have consented to address tho meeting. Since the strike wns inaugurated tho Brotherhood has received seventy new members and expect to add at the lato of five or ton each meeting, which indicates that interest in their success ig taken by outside operators who wero summoned here by the companies. Out of the fifty men brought to this city by t lie Wt'htern Union Cotijpnny. fully Imvo connect I themselves with the or. guuizntion, and refusod to go to work, or pledge themselves not to go to work until the trouble has been scttlod. Nkw York, July 21. -The situation is Improving rapidly. St. Louis has a full force and the Southwest is loyal. At the principal points in Texas, Arkansas and Louisiana nobody has left. The whole force returned to work nt St. Joseph, Mo., that they had been deceived. Five of them will return at Evansville. and five or six will go back in tho morning at Cleveland. All tho forco at Columbus. 0 arc in tho union, but they refused to strike. Superintendent Miller at Cincinnati, reported business clear Inst night except for Memphis. Ho says everything irt "up" at Cleveland and Dotroit Superintendent Wnllack, of the Indiapolis District, is very solid. Business is up in his district. Superintendent Dickey, at Omaha, reports that his ofiiSei are well manned. Superintendent Clowry odds: "We have more men in Chiougo to-night than wo can use, and thoy are pouring in." The Western Union officials have about 100 operators at work. Thoy also said the service was going on with but little dolaja, A lcwnrd ofS"00 is posted for tho arrest and conviction of anyone cutting wires or destroying the company's property. The feeling among tho operators wis that tho companies hud made thoir best effort in the first forty-eight hours, because they have been preparing for this emergency for weeks, nnd had provided thomsclves with lists of all availablo operators in tho neighborhood whom they thought could bo called into service. Thus, as half of these havo declined to work and most of the others are incompetent, the operators claim to see ihuir way clear for a satisfactory adjustment in the near future. They also claim that the company have no better facilities for procuring men than they havo for persuading them to refuse to work, as they can otlei eriuul inducement. There has been no dissension in tho ranks, and the rule prohibiting their indulging in intoxica ing liquors is beiug rigidly observed. The new member.-' are initiated by regular appointed committees wheiever they aro found. One of the arguments of the men is, that while the compaui s have a few capitalists backing them, the operntors have the pledged support of 2,000.000 Knights of Labor, and, in their opinion, telegraphing will not be resumed to any exteut until the corporations Imvo made concessions. They also feel satisfied tiiat the work is such that the public can not stand it long. Operators at way stations have informed the men that they notice to take an hour in transmitting which could bo sent by a skilllul operator in ten minutes. The branch offices, with ono exception, all closed, nnd nine out of every ten who were employed in thorn nro with the Thoy wero tho worst paid and hardest worked In the city, and consequently look to the success of tho strike us their salvation. Imuanapolis, July 21. There are only twenty-six operators at work anl but half tho usual business is beiug done. Ci.KVKLA.Nn, July 21. The Mutual Union here is not affected by the strike. 'Iho Western Union maiu ofiico is working a full forco of men. Cuti'Aoo, July 21. It is claimed business is woll in hand. Lot'isvii.t.K, July 21. Tho Western Union is in bad straits, only two oporators being at work. Nkw Youk, June 21. Erastus Wyman, ono of the Western Union directors, and President of the Great Northwestern Company, which controls nearly all tho Canadian lines, said, so far as tho Caundian '.ues wore concorncd, any compromise or loucession to the strikers was simply any Wnpossibllity. To increase thoir compensation would destroy all tho profits. This wns bocauso Parliament rogulatcd the rate at whioh messages were sent in Canada. Only twolvo offices paid salaries and those wero in the large cities. All their other employees worked on commission. Thoy employed about 6,000 mon, and only half of theso wero on a striko. The only reason thoy Btruck was bocause they wore compelled to join tho Brotherhood, and their co-operation was secured by the operators in tho United States in order to prevent importation from Canada, such as occurred in 1870. Thoy had no grievance, as thoy were paid extra for all Sunday work, and thoro had been 'a constant increaso of wages, instead of a roduotion. Ho hud also heard that all the offices throughout the dominion aro fully manned. Ho did not bolievo in yiolding a single point to tho strikers. He thought from what ho had seen that tho striko would not be a success. Jay Gould said they did not propose to recognize any committee from tho Brotherhood, and that if tho employes of tho company porslstod in their present aotion, they would not got a cent, Thoy had already mado fools of themselves, and they would realize it before long. At the office of the American Rapid Tolograph Company, the Superintendent said now hands wore being gradually obtained, and with thoir automatlo instruments at work no delay was experienced. At the Baltimore & Ohio (Commercial) Telegraph Company, Manager Fitch said messages subject to delay wero taken for all points excepting St. Louis nnd Louisville, where business is proceeding as usual. The operators of the Gold and Stock elegraph Company determined to resign if called upon to servo tho Western Union Company. At the Produce Exchange tho effect of tho strike was more soriously felt, and in consequence of a reduction in the force of operators, quotations received from Chicago and other Western points were very meager. The Postal Tolgraph Com'y has put in some of its wires and rendered cousideroblo assistance. Business, however is unusually dull. Business at the cotton exchange has also fallen off in consequence of tho striko. Reports from the South slowly, and there is great delay in getting quotations. a MORTGAGED CITY. Tho Ctnnk of Kentucky I.tiyluu: ('Irtlir, to a Purt or the Town ol PottNvllo, Pn. Pottsville, Pa., July 21. Some thirty odd years ago, when tho Schuylkill Bank of Philadelphia failed tho Bank ol Kentucky assumed its obligations and took its assets, among other property which passed into its hands was a tract known as Lawton'H addition to Pottsville. In 1853 this tract, consisting of seventy-eight acres, was purchased by Francis W. Hughes, and laid out In town lots. In buying tho property Hughes gavo two mortgages for parts of tho purchaso money. The mortgages were nevor fully satisfied, though from timo to timo Hughes continued paying on them. There still remains due, according to the claim of the Kentucky bank, $17,000. Tho lots were pold, and within tho past twenty-five years tho tract has become one of the most thickly settled portions of the town. Some five hundred buildings are on the tract, most of them being the homes of working people Included in tho number are s9ver.il of the finest residences and three or four industrial establishments. Ten streets traverse the tract, which comprises nearly a whole ward. The owners of tbee " properties havo boen living in tho belief that thoir titles were unclouded. Tho Bank of Kentucky, however, has finally become urgent for a settlement of its claim, the amount of which Mr. Hughes disputes, nnd, after frequent postponements of an arnica-bio adjudication, tho bank's attorneys decided to forclose. The writs wero issued out of tho United States District Court by Chief Justice Morrison, and arc being served by a Deputy Marshal on all the lot owners. MASTOpONIC BONES. Itciimins of JiiiiiIo'n Ancient Predecessor I'ncnrtliotl. P Syraci'sk, N. Y., July 21. In the town of Manlius, eight miles east of this city, the remains of an animal have boon found. A huge molar, weighing about twenty-five pounds, and a piece of tusk nearly five feet long and eight inches in diameter in the thickest part were brought to this city. Other pori Ions of the tusk and part of "a shin bone weie found, remains lay about thirteen feet ben 'nth the surface in a deposit of gravel. Prof. Boynton, who exposed the Cardiff giant fraud, says tltat theieuie the relics of a maModoti which must have been fully foiirteii feet high, and probably weighed a thiid moro than Jumbo. The tusks, lie says, must have been at least elocn feet long. Tho lived in the post pliocene pcriud of the tertiary ago. Professor Boynton is of the opinion that tho remains wore washed into tho gravel pit wuere they were found. Professor Brown, instructor of natural his tory nt Syracuse University, thinks tho bones are those of a mammoth, lather than a mustodon. The tusks, ho snys, indicate one of tho largest skeletons that has ever been exhumed. The tooth and the tusk are in a state of excellent preservation. The tip ot the tusk shows the nutural color of tho ivory. Jinn Frimclnco Opium Ulnar. San Francisco, July 21. The big opium seizure of January last year has a sequel in the arrest of ox-United States Commissioner of the Circuit Court O'Beirne and James Hnrkness. It has been known thore was a big opium ring here, but the custom officors could't drop on it. Recently the Hawaiian Sugar Commission was sent out here to look after sugar importations, but was also instructed to investigate the opium oases. O'Beirne is charged with receiving a bribe of $1,500 from Harknoss to Influence his decision in a caso pending in court, in which is charged with bribing a Government officer and conspiracy to defraud the Government by aiding in smuggling opium. Hurknoss is wealthy, owning large ranches in Monterey county, and it is expooted his proseoution will break up the opium ring. Itnrb AVlra Injunction. Joliet, III., July 21. The Lookstitch Fonoo Company, of this city, has boen, by JudgoJBlodgctt from manufacturing any moro barb-wire fence this yoar. Tho company works under a liconso from the Washburn & Moen manufacturing company, the grout barb-wire monopolists of Massachusetts, which permits it to uso but twenty-one machines and manufacture not ovor 2,000 tons of a yoar. The Washburn & Moen compnny complains that the Joliot company has already iArl nra t . tilts wflati tltftti titn at I iiil ir1 UlU illUt J VMS W4!L kMU OllSlliMlU amouutanu has sued for damages. Drowning of II. W. I. or (I. Washington, July 21. Tho body of II. W. Lord, a son of Lord, ol Michigan, and recently a clork in the patent office, was found floating in the f otomao by some fishermen. The mon wero ignorant and towed tho body ashore at a point near Beall's Land, about eighty miles down tho river, and buriod it in tho sand. It is supposed ho fell from one of the river steamers. A NEW YORK Mill Rewards to the Meritorious Blind Yearly Distributedi An Exnmple Worthy or Attention by Other C'ltlo Statue to Peter Cooper IUi C'hiilllu'M Now Book ou tho Vlkliijx Abo. Btnir Cor. of the Am. Press Aoclntlon. Nkw York, July 21. The industrious blind in this city ore objects of special charity, or ruthor reward, for tho system cf distributing money to thorn annually docs not roach the idle, worthless and boggars, hence tho term charity is too broad, indicating as it does help to those who cannot or will not help thcuiselres. It was s'omo years ago that a philanthropio spirit took possession of tho municipal government and led to aii annual appropriation of 20,-000 for this purpose. Had the object been to aid indiscriminately this class of tho alUicted ten times the amount would not be sufficient to answer tho for a sharoiof tht fund. This was illustrated tho other day when tho Commissioners of Charties and Corrections (lis trlbutcd the appropriation for this year. Only four hundred and eighty received assistance, while tho applicants came to tho commissioners' office in throngs, representing almost ovcry nation, faith and creed. Christians and Mahomedaus, Jews, gentiles and fienthens, each gave to tho crowd their peculiar dross and address. The blind American brushed against tho sightlpss Turk, Chinese and Indian. It was a motoly throng, full of life study, exciting sympathy and impersonating the text that the greatest of all virtues is charity. The distribution was attended with no confusion, and wns under the immediate direction oft Superintendent Blake, who a few days before had sent to each ono of tho blind to be rewarded a postal curd with the request that he or she should bring it to the office when tho distribution was to bo made. Mr. Byrnes by this means could Identify the applicant and have at hand the memorandum of his or her plncc of residence. As an example of how the business was eon-ducted, tho case of Mr. Byrnes will sorve. This receiver of the public gift was nn old man, the ravagos of old age on a once stalwart frnme and active mind being shown in tccbleness of gait mid childish expression. In him the Superintendent recognized an old time friend. "Mr. Byrnes, how are you ?" Mr. Blake inquired. "Oh. I am quite well, but I am troubled in moving about," Mr. Byrnes replied. "I can't see as well as I havo hcrtotore," with a smile. "You still live nt (31 Varick street, Mr. Byrnes?" Mr. lilako usked next. Oh, yes, Indeed. It is the best place for mo, you know, though 1 know I'd like a change onco in a while to vary monotony." Mr. Byrnes being given a small white card ou which was printed and written "Department of Public Charites and Correction, Donution to tho Blind, Pay Mr. ' Byrnes i?:S" was led to another part, of the hall. Hero ho received the amount from the paymaster who had the top of his desk filled with packages of greenbacks. Mr. Byrnes evinced his ploasuro in smiles and brief but sincere expressions of gratitude. Mr. Timothy Shea, a well-known west side politician, asked how tho blind from all over the State could not come and be paid this morning. "In about the Bnmo way that voters cannot vote except where they live" he was told. "We know our friends." The recipients of this bounty are placed on the pay roll aft or a careful examination by the Commissioners, to whom the worth of tho applicant is proved by the affidavits of two respectable citizens, conversant with his life and industry. The triangular plot of ground facing the Cooper Union is to have placed upon it a statue of the great pliilantrophisL To complete this honor to one whose memory is rovcred by those for whom he has done so much in opening up a way to knowlodgo without cost it is proposed to have the Legislature givo to the placo the name of Cooper Park. Paul Du Chailluhas gone to Europe in search of other mattor for the completion of Lib book, "The Viking Age." Hecarriod with him a chest filled, with the manuscript of bis new work. Ho will go to Denmark to visit the harbor from which it is supposed Cauuto sailed on his great expedition. The work will be a history of the earlier English speaking people of their settlements, migrations, conquests, rePgious and their influence on the human race. Tho facts will bo drawn from Scandinavian rather than Anglo-Saxon sources. The work will show how the early English peoplo lived. Mr. Du Chaillu maintains that Persia was the cradlo of the early English speaking poople. Manhattan. Tho People Won. Washington, July 21. In 1879 a town wob founded at Euroka Springs, Ark., and for nearly a year nothing was dono to give any prospects for futuro suocois, but in 1880 upward of four thousand persons settled thoro, and now the number of inhabitants is ten thousand. Outside parties cortain lands within the city limits and laid out building lots. At the same tim6 they gave out a report that the waters thero possessed great ouratlvo properties and thsreby, they claim, caused heavy emigration and caused property to ell rapidly and inoreaso in value. The question arose, who ownod the town, tho people who have gone thero and made tho place what it really is, or those who preempted a large portion of the town sites and now wish to sell them at high figures. The eommtislonors of the land ofiico decided in favor of the former.