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The evening bulletin. [volume] (Maysville, Ky.) 1887-1905, March 28, 1892, Image 1

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BULLETIN.
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VOLTTME XI.
MATSVUiliE, KY., MONDAY, MARCH 28,1893.
NUMBER 108-
EVENING
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Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50c
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PEACEFULLY AT REST
Death of Walt Whitman, the
Aged Poet.
WENT TO SLEEP LIKE A CHILD.
Trie End Came Just no Day Wa Fading
Into Night Career of the Venerable
Muse, Whoso Declining Days Were
Passed Away In Ills Humble X.lttle
Cottage at Camilen, New Jersey.
Philadelphia, March 28. Calmly
and peacefully, like a child asleep,
Walt Whitman, the "Good Gray Poet,"
passed away Saturday evening at his
home, in Camden, N. J. He had been
weaker than usual for some days past,
but for some reason the knowledgo
of his condition did not becomo public
property. Ho had a sinking spell Fri
day night, but recovered Bomewhat.
Again at 4:80 Saturday afternoon he be
gan to sink. A messenger was hurriedly
Bent for his physician, Dr. Alexander
McAllister, who reached the dying
man's bedside a short while afterwards.
The doctor found the aged po6t in a
dying condition, and so informed those
around his bedsido. Ho asked tho
patient if ho suffered any pain and tho
whispered answer was "No."
WALT WHITMAN.
Almost immediately before he died he
said to his attendant, Warren Fitz-
einger.
"Worry, shift," meaning to turn
him over
on tne neu. inese were nis
last words, and they were uttered so
low that they were hardly audiblo.
He remained conscious to the last,
but owing to his extremely weak condi
tion, was nnablo to reply to tho repeatqd
inquiries of the friends who had gath
ered round his bedside. These were
Mrs. Davis, his housekeeper; Warren
Fitzsinger, his male attendant; Lawyer
Thomas B. Hornad, Horace Trouble and
Dr. McAllister. Mr. Whitman has been
confined to bed since Dec. 17, when he
was attacked with pneumonia. Shortly
after his physicians pronounced him
cured, but the attack so weakened his
constitution that he never rallied, and
his death was practically due to ex
haustion. The news of the death was cabled to
Lord Tennyson and other friends in En
gland, Dr. Buck, of Ontario, his bio
grapher, and friends in this country.
The sick man took very little nourish
ment during tho past three days, an oc
casional sip of milk punch being all that
he could be induced to swallow. Satur
day morning he declined nourishment of
any kind. He had at intervals since the
illness, beginning Dec. 17, last, which
rondered him bedfast, expressed a weari
ness of life and a willingness to die, and
it is believed that the old poot realized
that death was near-and rejoiced accord
ingly. It is with regret that tho world nears
of the "Good Gray Poet's" death. His,
contemporaries were not always kind to
him. The critics "cut him up" with
their pens, but the sturdy old man never
deigned a Kjply or a defense.
His chief crimes in the eyes of his op
ponents were his utter lack of conven
tionality, his use of words not often
Bounded in "ears polite" and his total
disregard of tho laws of versifying.
But Whitman calmly ignored the on
slaughts made on him and insisted that
he had merely inaugurated a new
stylo.
"I dismiss," he has said, "without
ceremony all the , orthodox accouter
ments, tropes, haberdashery of words,
feet, measure that form the entire stock
in trade of rhyme talking heroes and
heroines, My meter is loose and free.
The lines are of irregular length, appar
ently lawless at first perusal, but on
closer acquaintance you will find that
there is regularity, like the recurrence,
for example, of tho lesser and larger
waves on the seashore, rolling in with
out intermission and fitfully rising and
falling."
This sort of reasoning, however, by no
means disarmed his critics, 6omo of
whom are quite as opposed to his efforts
to-day as they were at the timo of their
original publication. Naturally the
general public was tp a largo extent pre
judiced by these opinions of trained lit
erary men. No other result was pos
eible, for Whitman was called "sen.
aual," "immoral," "gross," and with
such persistence that the ordinary reader
in America came after a time to look
upon him as a person whose writings
were objectionable. Of late years, how
ever, there had been a decided reaction.
Perhaps tho new generation have come
to understand and appreciate hia works
better, in the reflected light of tho pure,
poverty burdened lifo which their author
has been leading in the humble Camden
cottago. Whutevor the explanation, re
8Pct for the. lonely old man has cer
tainly replaced to a large extent the
ridiauj formerly expressed for, him.
Abroad there Is no" question as to tho
feeling wnich will bo called out by the
the news of his Idemiso. In tho darkest
hours of his struggle for famo it was
Whitman's consolation that ho was
appreciated in Europe. The English
people particularly hailed him as a
genius, ad tho true American poet,
greater than Bryant or Longfellow. In
America, when "Leaves of Grass" ap
peared, in 1855, there was practically no
ono to utter a good word for it except
Ralph Waldo Emerson, who said of it
in a letter written to the author:
"I find it the most extraordinary piece
of wit and wisdom that America has yet
contributed."
Elit there was no other prominent
American writer to etho the sentiment.
In Great Britain, however, tho literary
n-nrld accented tho work .nt Emerpon's
valuation, ud when Whitman subse
quently followed it up with his other
poems, he was accorded a singularly
exalted place in tho foreign world of
letters.
Tennyson and Browning and Sir Ed
win Arnold all wrote of him in the
highest terms, and no English writer
visiting America ever neglected to call
at the poet's Camden homo. His first
interview with Sir Edwin Arnold two
years ago was almost pathetic in its
earnestness. Tho two men literally fell
into each other's arms, arid the distin
guished English litterateur afterward
related that he had spent one of the
happiest days of his life in tho company
of the Beptuagenarian poet.
Nearly all the British literary men of
note were equally enthusiastic in their
praise of tho American bard. Ho was
held up again and again in tho English
magazines as the long looked for apostlo
of a new and perfect Bchool of poesy,
and when it became known that the
poet was actually in want the depth of
the English admiration for him was
manifested in the most convincing man
ner. An appeal for aid was printed in
nearly every paper published in tho
kingdom. After reciting his merits and
the good ho had done for literature, tho
appeal concluded:
"Walt w mtman starving.
"A man's ransom wanted. Tho
victim is in the hands of a relentless
enemy, who, if the ransom bo not
speedily paid, will immediately make
an ena of him. Will his fellow men
put forth a hand to keep ono of the
world's immortals a little longer here,
or will they allow death to take him ere
his time?"
The response to this call was prompt
and generous, and saved the poet from
any future fear of actual hunger. In
view of this general admiration and
esteom awarded him, it is no wonder
that Whitman held the English in high
regard, and it would seem that no
would have sought an asylum among
them. But he never once dreamed of
such a course. He was beyond every
thing an American, proud of his parent
ago,.and prouder still 'of his country.
"My" tongue, eory atom of my blood;
formed from this soil, this air. Born
hero of parents born hero, from parents
the same, and their parents the same,"
is his boast in one of his compositions.
And there are few Americans who had
a greater right to be proud of their
Americanism, for his family on both
sides counted back over nearly 800
years' residence in the New World. Hia
father caino of English stock and his
mother of Dutch, her" maiden name hav
ing been Van Velsor. He was born a
farmer's son at West Hills, L. L, on
May 81, 1810j and received a common
school education, partly at his birth
place nnd partly in Brooklyn. Subse
quently he entered a job office in the
latter city and learned tho trade of
printer, to which he clung with more or
less regularity for some years.
Incidentally, however, he inter
spersed his typesetting with school
teaching and literary work. He edited
several Brooklyn papers for short
periods, among others The Freeman and
Eagle. But his restless disposition did
not content itself with any regular pur
suit, and in 1648, accompanied by his
brother, he made a trip to New Orleans,
traveling by easy stages, sometimes
walking, sometimes' driving, and when
convenient proceeding by steamboat.
For a year he came to anchor in New
Orleans, doing editorial work on Tho
Crescent most of the timo, June of 1849
found him back in Brooklyn, where,
oddly enough, he went to work as a
carpenter. He followed this business
for five years, without, however, discon
tinuing his writing! entirely.
Early in 1855 he issued tho first edi
tion of "Loaves of Grass." The contents
of this singular book were neither verse
nor prose, but a series of ejaculations
and aphorisms presenting many original
ideas and appealing to the common feel
ings of mind in favor of the natural en
joyment of life, the exorcise of tho ac
tive powers of mind and body and the
frank reception of wholesome influences.
At first the critics did not notice this
work, either to praise or condemn. They
ignored it entirelyt In a few months,
however, a copy fell into the hands of
Ralph Waldo Emerson. He wrote a let
ter (from which a quotation is inado
abovo) to Whitman praising the work in
the most unrestrainod manner. This
letter was published shortly after its re
ceipt, and at once attracted the atten
tion of the reviewers to tho book which
they had entirely overlooked before.
On all aides tho work was condemned,
and in Boston and other cities it was de
clared unfit for circulation in tho public
libraries because of its alleged immoral
tono.
But Whitman defied all his censors,
and between other writings continued
to mako tho "Leaves of Grass" his spo
cial work. In 1850 he published a sec
ond edition of tho work, and four years
later a third, followed between tho
yeurs of 1807 and 1883 by five other edi
tions, and in 1889 by the last and ninth,
with tho final authentic text. All of
Whitman's readers ngreo that on this
work his fame will rest.
The period of the poet's lifo most pro
lifioof experience and suggestions for
stirring verso was certainly that from
1883 to 1805. In tho former year he
wenttQ,th.e'fro.nta8a volunteer irarset
arid until hostilities ceased between the
north and south he remained at his post.
He personally attended nearly 10,000
wounded soldiers of both sides, and his
tender sympathy eased the last days of
many a poor fellow who, but for him,
would have died friendless.
His ceaseless labors in field and hos
pital afterward told on him, producing
the disense from which he died. During
all his active life in the war he managed
,to do sufficient writing to support him
self, and on the occasion of Lincoln's
death he brought out the famous "O
Captain! My Captain!" which is prob
ably the best known of all his writings.
When tho war was over Whitman was
appointed to a clerkship in the attorney
general's office in Washington, which
placed him in comparatively easy cir
cumstances for the first time in years.
Until 1873 ho remained nt the capital one
of tho principal figures in the city. Then
the disease contracted in the army mani
fested itself in a dangerous form known
as "progressive paralysis," and he had
to retire from all active work. He took
up his abode in the poor little frame cot
tage at 328 Mickel street, in Camden, N.
J., just ucross tho river from Philadel
phia. There ho remained until death
came to relieve him.
It was there, paralyzed and unable to
work, that he almost starved, until tho
English appeal for aid in his behalf
awoke the American people to a. senso of
his condition, and led to some efforts at
raising funds for his support. But
somehow the "benefits" and other af
fairs given never yielded tho results they
should, and a small circle of his intimate
friends were the chief providers.
Through their efforts he was enabled to
end his days in tho moderate way that
contented him.
On April 14, 1887, Mr. Whitman
spoko for the last time in public. He
lectured at tho Madison Square thoater,
in New York, on Abraham Lincoln.
His appearance was as striking and
venerable as ever. Long, flowing
white beard, hair like spun silver hang
ing down in wild profusion under a
wide sombrero; a strong patriarchal
face, with soft, benevolent eyes; a tall
imposing frame, over six feet high, and
still muscular and almost straight, des
pite the weight of years and the ravages
of disease. It was generally thought
that it would probably be tho poet's last
appearance before the people, but a few
months ago he managed to attend a
Philadelphia reception in his honor, at
which Colonel Ingersoll delivered an
eloquent address.
The New York affair was well man
aged, and many prominent literary men
patronized it; yet, in order that the poet
might go home with $200 in his pocket,
the Rev. Robert Collyer had to add a
handsome personal contribution to the
receipts. But despite his lack of appre
ciation the sweet tempered old man
never felt any bitterness toward his f el
Iowp. To all who visited him at his
home he never expressed a word of re
proach against the American public,
and his final address to the world
breathes only tho most fervent grati
tude. It was published just before his
last severe illness, which threatened at
the time to carry him off ou tho journey
for which he has long been so well pre
pared, and which he viewed with the
utmost complacency:
Thanks in old ue thanks ere I go,
For health, the midday Run, tho impalpa
ble air for life, mere life.
For beings, groups, love, deeds, words,
books for colors, forms,
For all the brave, strong, men devoted,
hardy men who've forward sprang
In freedom's help, all years, all lands,
For braver, strongor, more devoted men
(a special laurel ere I go to life's
war's chosen ones,
The cannoneers of song and thought
tho great artillerymen the foremost
leaders, captains of the soul;)
As soldier from an ended war return'd
ns traveler out of myriads, to the long
procession retrospective,
Thanks, joyful thanks I a soldier's trav
eler's thanks.
Thereafter the days with him moved
on in a monotonous round, hia strength
each day growing less. Yet his ramd
remained clear, his temper as cheerful
as ever and his 'love of nature seemed to
grow stronger as the parting grow near.
The trees and tho flowers talked to him,
the eunshino held philosophy for him,
the voices of children and the twittering
of birds were mnsio in his eare till those
organs were hopelessly dulled.
At an early hour Sunday morning
Thomas B. Harned, an old friend of
Walt Whitman and ono of his literary
executors, met George Whitman, a
brother of the poet, and together with
other friends, arrangements for the
funeral were finally decided, and the in
terment will take place at 2 o'clock on
Wednesday afternoon.
The remains of the poet will bo placed
in the recently-completed tomb in Har
leigh cemotery, in the outskirts of the'
city of Camden, a Bpot selected by Mr.
Whitman when he was enjoying his
usual health, and which he visited many
times during the construction of thu
tomb. The idea of tho tomb was his
own and one of his friends could not dis
suade him from it. He selected his own
lot, which is in a portion of tho ceme
tery known as Woodlawn, and the tomb
is built in the side of tho hill in a grove.
When asked why he selected such a
spot he replied: "I would rather go in
the' woods."
Tho tomb is a substantial structure,
built of massive rough granite blocks,
some of them weighing over seven tons.
The door if- of granite, six inchos thick.
No rods, bolts or other fastenings are
used in the $tructure, tho four corners
being held together by interlocking or,
morticing tho blocks of granite. The
only metal used was the heavy hinges
on which the door hangs and tho mas
sive brass lock that secures it. Tho
tomo contains receptacles for eight
caskets or coffins, arranged in two tiers.
They were constructed of marble, and
will be sealed with polished marble
slabs. The roof is also of granite, the
top piece containing simply tho name,
"Walt Whitman."
The ooL'ft wbh wa that tka remains
ot his mother, which aro buried in Ever-
freen cemetery, and those of nis father,
uried in Brooklyn, should be exhumed
and deposited in the tomb. This wish
will be compliod with by thos to whom
ho instructed the bequest.
Yesterday an autopsy was made upon
tho body of the 'deceased poet. The
physicians found, it is said, that the left
lung was entirely gone, and only a
breathing spot of tho right lung re
mained. They found about three quarts
of water around the heart, and a large
number of small abscesses about that
organ. The pain in the loft side had
been occasioned by peritonitis.
The brain was found to be abnormal
ly largo and in a quite healthy condi
tion. Portions of the brain and other
organs were taken for microscopic ex
amination. After they had finished
their labors the physicians stated that
the poet was one of the most splendidly
built men they had ever examined.
SSpgg&gsSy V ' ; "i
WALT WHITMAN'S CAJIDKN HOME.
TWO YOUNG 'WOMEN MANGLED.
Hoth ill a Dying Condition from Doing
Run Down by a Switch Knglne.
Evansville, Ind., March 28. A ter
rible accident befell two young women
in this city Saturday afternoon. While
attempting to cross the Evansville and
Torre Haute tracks at the John street
crossing, about four blocks beyond tho
Union station, Misses Lizzio Deinns and
Mary Klinger. aged, respectively, six
teen and eighteen, were run down by
switch engine No. 101. Both were
frightfully injured.
It is generally claimed that the acci
dent occurred owing to the gross
negligence of the engineer. No bell
was rung nor whistle was blown when
crossing this place, and the citizens are
very indignant over the affair. There
is no flagman stationed at tho crossing,
and the company is coining in for a con
siderable amount of abuse. The Deinns
girl had her head crushed, and the
Klinger girl suffered the loss of both
legs. Thov were taken to tho hospital
and are still alive, although neither can
survive.
BRUTAL MURDER OF A CHILD.
Plve-'eur-01il Ida Osborne Found with
One Arm and Her Hack Uroken.
New Albany, Ind., March 28. At
Boston, Crawford county, thirty-five
miles west of this city, great excitement
exists over the finding of tho dead body
of a little girl, aged five years, and
named Ida Osborne, a daughter of Clara
Osborne. The child had been in the
family of John Lane, and it transpired
that Lanb had been beating it in a most
cruel manner. He was missed from
his home Friday evening, and the house
was closed.
A jinmber of citizens went to the
houso and broke open the doors. On en
tering the house they found tho little
girl lying dead on tho floor, one arm and
her back broken, and her body covered
with cuts and bruises'. Officers and citi
zens aro searching for Lane and if he is
captured it is certain there will be no
expense in trying him, for he will be
swung from the limb of a convenient
tree.
JEWISH TRAVELING MEN.
They Form a Society foi; the Kelief of the
Ilusilau Jevvi.
Chicago, March 28. Two hundred
Jewish traveling men have resolved
themselves into a society for tho relief
of Russian Jews. They met Saturday
at the Palmer House' and elected I. M.
Frank president and Samuel Despares
secretary. The members of the associa
tion pledge themselves to plead the
cause of tho sufferers on their commer
cial travels, and secure them positions
wherever possible.
The meeting was addressed by Dr. E.
G. Hiorsch, Adolph Loob and Joseph
Boifield, of the Russian Relief associa
tion, and Simon Wolf, of Washington.
Dr.Hiersch called upon his hearers to
stand by the pledges ho had made to
President Harrison that refugees would
not become a burden to the government.
Mr. Wolf Baid a report of the conditions
in Russia was being prepared which
would startle the civilized world.
DIFFERENCES SETTLED.
Engineers Adjust Their Trouble with tho
Canadian Paolllc Ilallroad.
Winnipeg, Man., March 28. The.
committeo of engineers to which the
differences iri dispute between tho
Canadian Pacific Railroad company and.
trainmen, wero referred for adjustment,
made their report Saturday as follows:
That $2.00 per hundred miles be
offered by tho company and that elevqn
hours constitute a day's Jjprk, overtime
to be allowed after that lt the rate of
twont)'-five cents an hour for conductors
and seventeen cents for-brakomen. ,Tho
finding of 4ho committee, which is a
compromise, has been accepted by both
the company andhe men.
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