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BIAYSVILIiE, KT,, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1894.
A Bill For the National Arbi
tration of Strikes.
AN ENTIRELY NEW MEASURE.
It Has Been Prepnrcd by Tabor Commis
sioner Wright as n Result of the Recent
Investigation of the Chicago Strike It
Will Bo Introduced In Congress by Rep
Washington, Doo. 11). Labor Com
missioner Wright has sent to Ropro
Bentativo Erdinan of Pennsylvania tho
draft of a bill for tho national arbitra
tion of strikes. Tho ineasuro was pro
pared by Mr. Wright and his associates
on tho strike commission appointed by
President Cleveland to investigate tho
great Chicago strike. Such arbitration
was recommondod in tho commission's
report, and the bill now givos tho prac
tical details of thoir plan. It differs
entirely from the arbitration bill here
tofore introduced by Ropresontativo
Springor, boing more elaborate and
precise in its details. Mr. Erdman will
introduce it in tho houso.
Thotitloof the bill is "A bill con
cerning carriers engaged in interstate
commerce and their omployos." It ia
modelled .after the interstate commorco
aot, as that act has reoeived judicial
sanction in almost ovory section. It
provides for tho appointment by tho
president, with tho advico and consent
of tho senate, of a commission consist
ing of fivo persons, to bo known as
"The United States board of conciliation
and arbitration." Not moro than three
of tho commissioners shall bo appointed
from the same political party. One of
them shall have had experience in tho
management of railroads and the othor
is to bo elected from some incorporated
association of railway employes. The
commission shall havo authorized to in
quire into tho torms and conditions of
all employes subjoct to tho act, and
shall havo tho right to obtain from com
mon oarriors all necessary information.
Tho provisions of tho iutorstato com
merce act aro closely followed in this
respeot. Tho commission bus tho power
to mako all tho necessary rules and reg
ulations and may administer oaths.
The salary of each commissioner shall
be $7,500 per annum, tho secretary to
bo appointed shall havo a salary of iJBj,.
C00 Tho principal offices of tho com
mission shall be in tho i.ity of Washing
ton where its general sessions shall bo
hold, but spocml sessions may bo hold
anywhere in tho United States.
An annual report shall bo submitted
and publication of tho reports and de
cisions may be authorized aud shall bo
competent evidence in all courts of tho
Tho bill pi-ovides that tho systom of
arbitration and conciliation shall apply
to. common carriers engaged in tho
, ..transportation botweeu tho states of
passengors and prQperty by railroad and
,. by water, nud to all por&ous and cor
porations loasing cars used for such
, transportation and all thoir omployos;
. that tho wages paid in such transporta
tion and handling and tho rules and
regulations shall bo reasonable and just,
not, .however, taking away tho right to
.- Whenever it shall come to tho knowl
edge of tho commission that a striko or
, . .;controversy between those, subjoct to
i .the act is, threatened or has occurred, it
i4 t shall bo its duty as soon as practicable
, to put itBelf n communication with
ir, both parties, .and ondcavor bymediation
- and conciliation, to eifect a settlement,
v. Likewise, upon, tho request of omployos
l. or corporations, as. well as of its own
, i volitiont it may mako an investigation.
All reports of investigations and media
tions, and tho findings of facts thorein,
shall bo prima faoio ovidonco as to oach
and every fact and be given duo woight
in all judicial proceedings, and the at
torney gonoral of the United States, to
whom the same shall bo transmitted,
shall tako such action as is necessary.
..- During tho pendency of on arbitra
tion, it is .not lawful for an employer to
disohargo an employo nor for suoh era
ploy o and associations to aid or nbot
, strikers, nor to quit employment with
outc0 days' notice. The violation of
this provision is made a misdomeanor.
In Sootiou 13 tho incorporation of
omployos is onoonraged, and Chapter
567, United States statutes, 1885-80, is
enlarged so as to provide that tho con
stitution and bylaws of suoh associa
tion shall contain a provision tbufc
membership shall cease by participating
in soheinos of violouco, strikos, oto.,
and that tho mombers shall not bo per
sonally liablo for any acts, debts or
obligations of the organization.
Whonevor receivers appointed by tho
fodoral courts aro in control of a rail
road, tho omploycs shall havo tho right
to bo heard in tho court upon all ques
tions affecting tho terms of thoir em
ployment, and no reduction of wogop
Bhall bo made by tho rocoivor without
tho authority of tho court after duo no
tice. It is further made a misdomeanor
for any officer or employer to require
omployos to entor into an agroomont
not to become a member of a labor or
ganization, or to throaten an omployo
with tho loss of employment or dis
crimination because of suoh mombor
ship or to require such omployos to bo
como a mombor of a bonolicial organ
ization. Thopurposo is to havo tho bill con
sidered by tho labor committee of the
houso ut an early day. Thoro is no
doubt of a favorable roport on it, and it
is Jiopod to secure consideration for it in
the houso soon after the holidays.
Mossrs. Sargent, Arthur and othor
..chiefs. of railway organisations, wa now
, in Washington and will bo consulted
concerning tho measuros.
FAMOUS INSURANCE CASE DECIDED.
It Took the Jury but Tvrenty-Ono .Minute
to Return n Verdict.
Kansas City, Deo. 10. After throe
weeks consumed in its trial and ono
day's argument tho jury yesterday, in
21 minutes after recoiving its instruc
tions, roturned a vordict in tho famous
Dr. Frakor insurance case. It was In
favor of tho relatives of Frakor, who
sued fivo companies who held policio3
on tho doctor's lifo when ho was
drowned at Excolsior Springs. Mo., July
10, 1893. The policios aggregated 14,
G50, and tho pluiutiffs havo been grant
ed judgmont for tho full amount.
Thq different companies and amounts
follow: Providont Savings and Lifo
Assuronce socioty of Now York, $10,
075; Kansas Mutual of Topeka, $10,000;
Hartford Lifo Annuity Insurance com
pany, 10,030; supremo lodge, Knights
of Pythias of the world, $3,195; Modern
Woodmen of Amorica, $3,105. Tho
benefactors named in tho policies ro
two sisters of tho deceased doctor, Mrs.
Cynthia liatueld and Margaret Magru
der of Macon, county, Mo., and six
orphan nophows and nieces living in
Oregon, Washington state and Cali
fornia. Tho caso has beon ono of peculiar; in
terest and has boon desporatoly fought
on botli sides. Tho trial has beon vovy
costly to tho dofonso. Dr. H. C. Fra
kor was a physician with a nlodorate
practico. At xcolsior Springs, Mo.,
July 10, 1893, whilo on a fishing trip in
Missouri, ho slipped fiom tho Dank and
was drowned. Not the least tracb of
him could bo found, and his conipjoto
disappearance being so exceptional sev
eral of the insurance companies refused
to pay the policies hold by him.
It was assorted it was a conspiracy to
defraud and that tho doctor swam tho
river and pscapod in tho garb of a
woman. To strongthon this theory tho
defense introduced testimony to show
tne clootor cnaugod his sox every bovoti
years, and had awaited such a transition
to practice tho docoptiou.
COAL TRADE DEMORALIZED.
The Breaking of tho Columbus Scale May
Lead to Serious Trouble.
Pittsburg, Dec. 19. Following the
coal operators' meeting of Monday, ut
which tho abrogation of tho scalo by
tho Columbus mooting was taken ad
vantage of and tho rato reduced from
09 cents to 55 cents, came tho meet..ig
of tho minors yesterday. The session
lasted all day and was well uttonac-d.
After discussing tho question in all of
its phases, the meeting adjourned,
pelutiug the consideration of u repuit
by tho committoo on resolutions calling
for n firm stand for the 09 cent rato.
Tho sensation of tho session was tho
report of a delegate from tho Now York
and Cleveland Gas Coal company's
mines, in which he told of contracts
lust made by President Do Armifc with
his men, by which the miners agree to
work at a 45-ceut rato for a ton of 2,-i00
This report exoited those present and
denunciations of tho company wero very
strong. Tho opinion seemed to prevail
that if anything less than a 09-cent rate
wero accepted, it would not bo long be
fore the men would bo asked to work
for 45 cents.
Tho breakiug of tho district wage
scalo of 09 cents per ton by the board
of arbitration at Columbus, O., recent
ly, was credited to tho action of a fow
operators who refusod to pay this prico
and forced their men to work for less
monoy. Competitors claimed this gave
tho bolting operators a big advantago in
tho market. Questionable practices
wero also charged against soino opera
tors to tho effect that tboy delivered
coal inferior in quality to that which
they contracted to furnish. Wjth the
trade thus demoralized a general call
camo for a reduction in the mining rate
but it was not oxpoctod that a lower'
rato than CO conts would bo asked.
THAT UTE INVASION.
Nothing In It.
Denver, Doc. 19. A special to The
Nows from Monticollo, U. T., says:
Colonel Lawton of Goueral McCook's
staff, and Davo Day have arrived here
after riding 45 miles with no saddles
other than laprobes.
The Uto invasion was shown by
Investigation to bo a regular "bunko'.
There was no cause for the alarm and
the whole scare sooms divided between
a desire of tho cowboya for grass and
tho anxiety of Utah's exooutivo for
well -repaired political foncos when
Utah Bocures statehood. Tho Indian
agent accuses Governor West of political
aspirations before tho council and de
clared the entire affair a "bnuko" from
Btart to finish. There aro but few
Utos in tliis section, and they declare
thomsolvos froo from depredations or
lawless acts or intent.
Chiof Ignacio is bitter hi his arraign
ment of what ho pleasod to torm the
"Mormon liars," aud at first positively
decllnod to return, but whon tho ngent
oxplainod matters ho consented to oboy
oraers ana go uacic. no explalnod to
tho council the talks ho had had in
Washington, and declared that ho had
novor, knowingly, relinquished his
right to tho country whoro ho was born.
and whoro his father and mother wtro
buried, und ho furthor assortod that his.
rights antedated tho settlement by tho
Agent Day has advised tho depart
ment of tho character of tho situation.
Tho Indians havo novor boou dontqd
cartridges when thoy had monoy, and
on the day that Uovoruor West's arms
and ammunitions arrived, cartridges
woro sold to tho Indians. Colonel Law
ton is also thoroughly diugustod.
New Orleans, Deo. IP, Tho cor
aner'e jury decided that Bqwon's death
Was duo. tritWi;lnb'i 'failure to' pad the
ring in whioh the oentcat took place.
Die Adjournment of
THE LAST DAY'S PROCEEDINGS.
Au Old Feud Retnoon R. J. McGuIre anil
T. .1. Morgan Peacefully Settled the
Debs Resolution ofSympathy and Finan
cial Aid Adopted Polities Completely
Iinrrcd Out of the Convention.
Dlnver, Dec. 10. Tho great labor
convontiou was in a molting mood
when it adjourned sine dio at 0 o'clock
last night. A fow miuutos before ad
journment, two of tho strongest loaders,
R. J. McGuiro of Philadelphia and
Thomas J. Morgan of Chicago, who
have for fivo or six years enlivened each
recurring convention with a feud that
soemod to grow stronger every year,
told tho convontiou what thoy thought
of oach othor and then shook hands and
decided to be friends, amid the plaudits
of tho assembled dologates. The closing
hour was devoted to telling personal
experiences. President Gompers took
part ill this recitation of grievances.
The most important leaturo of tho
day's work was tho adoption of resolu
tions on tho Debs matter, and thoso
wore of a character that was fully an
ticipated. Tho special committeo to which was
assigned tho appeal of Eugene V. Dobs
for sympathy and fluuncial aid in his
present' trouble in the courts reported a
resolution condemning certain actions
of courts of equity, und appealing to
tne puDiic ro secure legislation to check
tho encroachments of tho cdnrts upou
the pergonal liberties of tno people.
Also, another resolution extending
sympatny und commiseration to Debs
and his associates, and promising thorn
moral and financial support in their
struggle. Both resolutions wero adopted.
All attempts' to resurrect tho political
questions were promptly suppressed.
Tho attendance was not by uuy means
full, many delegates having loft for
home. President Gompers returns east
by way of Chicago, The new oificers
take their positions on Jan. 1, and in
the meantime tho removal of head
quarters lrom Now York to Iudiauuuo
lis will bo mado. Treasurer Louuon
will romain as a resident of Now York
DEBS WILL GO TO JAIL.
No Appeal Will Ho Talccii by Illm or
Chicago, Dec. 10. Prcsidont Dobs
and his associates, at a long conference
hold yestorday, decided to go to jail and
serve tne torms imposed upou them by
Judge Woods without makiug any effort
to secure a habeas corpus or uu anneal.
This action was taken diroctly against
the advico of their lawyors, who evou
now insist that they will try to get tho
Debs gave as a reason for this sudden
change of front that he and the otner
directors have no confidence in the
courts, and behove tboy would not got
a fair Bhow tliore. "Wo thought it
was bettor," he said, "to serve out tho
terms at onco. Wft will got thiough all
"Wo think wo would certainly have
thorn to serve in any cast)."
All tho prisonera will go to tho Cook
county jail, notwithstanding the fact
that Judge Woods ruled they could
have thoir vhoice of jails. They think
the timo will pass moro quickly when
thoy aro togother, to say nothing of the
inuuense advantage it will give them in
transacting the business or tho union.
In speaking of the determination of
his clients, Attorney Dorrbw said: "Wo
were not taken into consideration in this
matter at all. Doth Mr. Gregory and
myself thought tho men had a fiuo
chance for an appeal, und a case of so
much Jutorest should roally be appoalou
ad a matter of principle, so wo will
know whero wo' stand in similar casos.
We aro still working on tho caso, not
withstanding tho determination of our
Five Persons Instantly Killed and Several
Wkst Bay City, Mich., Doo. 19. By
tho oxplosion of the boilers in Russell
Brothers' planing mill and box foctory
yesterday, fivo porsons woro instantly
killed and soveral others woro injured.
Tho dead aro: John Calutt, fireman,
George Pfund, 17.
Albert Raun, 10.
John Brauu, 10.
Al Heavoubachor, 17.
Tho Injured ore: Fred Wildaugor,
leg bruised rCharlos Dodge, back in
jured, and Rof Hudsbn, face badly cut.
Tho oxplosion occurred whilo the mill
was shut down for a fow momenta, tho
boys fiookiug to tho onginoroom to flat
lunoh. All the bodies were terribly
mutiluted and almost unrecognizable.
Tho causo of tho explosion has not boon
John Hainiug, tho engineer, stopped
out of tho room a momont before the
explosion occurred and escaped unin
jured. Soino of tho omployos assert that
complaints had been made of tho bad
condition of tho boiler and that tho
firm had been askod to shut down long
ouough to make ropairs, but this they
deny. Tho coroner has omployed sov
.oral leading boilermakers to mako an
The pecuniary loss is Email, tho mill
which is separated from the boiler
Jroom by a fow feet, boing only slightly
If yoa havo a good impulso, aot npon
It before it leaves yon.
- 'Trcth Action Taken in the Proponed
Washington, Doc. 19. Inquiry at
the stuto department shows that tho
prosidont has t ken no fresh action iu
tho mattor of sending Mr. Jewott to in
vestigate tho Armenian atrocities siuco
his last roport to congress. Secretary
Gresham said that tho matter remained
in oxactly tho same stato as it did when
tho porto refused to allow Mr. Jewott
to accompany tho commission on tho
terms offered by the president.
Tho instructions to Minister Torrol of
dato of Deo. 5, relative to tho selection
of Mr. Jowett, our consul at Sivas, to
accompany tho commission and make
an independent investigation, have not
beon changed in any respeot. Mr.
Jewett consequently remains uuder
orders to perform tho work, but, of
course, this is impossiblo as long ai tho
porto persists iu its rofusal to sanction
his investigation and the stato depart
ment hus not as yofr been informed of
any change in tho position of the Turk
ish government on tho mattor.
Turkish Oppression Lessened.
Tifus, Russian Transcaucasia. Deo.
19. An Armouiau paper publishod
hero has advices from Moosh, Turkish
Armenia, showing that siuco the ap
pointment of a commission to inquiro
into tho outrages, Turkish oppression
nas greatly iasbouou. .Many Armenians,
who had besn arrested, havo beon liber
ated. Tho Kurds have beon hold in
chock, and a Kurdish chief has been
summoned to Constantinople.
WASHLKdTON, Deo. 19. Tho Turkish
legation hat received the folio wiug of
ficial telegram: "Among tho orronoous
statements published about tho Arme
nian trouble it has also boon said tlu.t
the Armenian bishop of Moosn hail
been arrested. This news also is with
out tho leant foundation iu fact."
BY HISJDWN HAND.
The Jury Decides How Huntington, the
Rauk Clerk, Met UU Death.
Council Bluffs, la., Doc. 19. Tho
theory that Huntington, the bank clerk,
who shot tho two bond company in
spectors, and then committed suicide,
was shot by othor hands than his owu
Sunday, wa exploded yestorday a d
tho jury accordingly docidod.
Tho jury wont to tho hotel to hear
tho testimony of Harden and Crom
well. Tne former seomod to bo in good
spirits, but the luttor was not resting so
easy as on Monday. Both desonbod
the conversation that took place in the
private office of tho bank m inuoh tho
same way as it has already been given
to the public by tho papors. Both said
that they wero unarmed aud did no
Crorawoll's testimony did much to
strengthen the belief in Huntington's
innocence of any financial crookedness.
Ho said that he oould not specify any
particular chock that was missing, and
that so far as ho could soo tho bantc hod
not lost tho $300, excepting bo fur as the
bofdekoopiug was concomod.
Tho mystery surrounding a note
about which the inspectors questioned
Huntington Sunday morning was
cloarod up. Tho note was for $50, aud
was paid this month, although Huut
ington could not tell whoro ho got tho
monoy with whioh to pay it.
Judgo iionnott, the cashier of tuo
State Savings bank, tostifled that on
tho same day when tho noto foil duo
Huntington borrowed 30 at his bank.
Thoro Is now no doubt that tho wholo
raisorablo affair resulted from Hunting
ton getting his accounts mixed and that
ho was not u thiof, but thought he was
to bo so branded.
HAVING A GOOD TIME.
President Cleveland on Board the Buoy
Georgetown, 8. 0., Doo. 19. Presi
dent Cleveland is aboard the buoy tender
Wisteria, lyiug in Muddy bay, 10 milos
from Georgetown, off the shore of
Friendflold plantation, tho vast marsh
lands of whioh are leased to tho Annan
dale Hunting club, whose guest tho
president is. No ono is aflowod on
board the Wisteria oxcept thoso official
ly oouacoted with tho vessol.
Tho president has, however, accoptod
the tender of a rocoption to bo hold on
Saturday next in tho historic hall of tho
Wlnyah Indigo sooioty, in which Wash-
inston held a reception in 170:.', smco
which time no president has visited
A gentleman who carried down tho
resident's mail reports that tho prosi
eut says ho is enjoying himself hugely
and fools much benefitted already by
Whon ho accopted tho tender of tho
reception ho requested that it should be
short as his lame foot mado it painful
for him to stand long. Ho is suffering
from rhonmatio gout.
Mr. Cleveland has ordorod that only
letters and telegrams bo sent to tho
Wisteria. Ho says ho doos not wish to
see a nowspaper whilo ho is hero. Ho
will leave for Washington noxt Satur
day about 4 o'olook.
Jlowgato in Court.
Washington, Dec. 10. Captain Hon
ry W. Howgato ploadod not guilty to
seven indictments brought against him
for ombeadomout while disbursing
clerk of the signal sorrico when ar
raignod before Judge MoComas of tho
criminal court. CouumI woro also no
tified to appear boforo the court next
Saturday to arrango for tho dato of tho
trial on the othor throe indiotmonts,
two ,f or ombozzloment undone for for
gery. Wlttmor Won.
Cleveland, Doo. 10. Charles Wittt-i
racr, tho Cincinnati wrestler r (dof oatod
Al Woods of this- city 'at uthe Starf
theater last night in two straight falls.
OFF WITH HIS HEAD
FOUR ORDERED TO BE ARRESTED
They Wrre In Command at Port Arthur
" and Are Held Kenponitible l'or tho Down
fall of That Place -Admiral Ting Una
Also Been Arrested and Will Tiled a
Shanghai, Deo. 19. An imperial
decree has been issued ordoriugLl Hung
Chang to arrest Kung, tho taotai of
Port Arthur, and the four Chinese gen
erals who wero in command of Port
Arthur, and to send thorn to Pekin for
trial and punishment for tho loss of
that important dockyard and fortress.
Admiral Ting, who, by tho way, was
in command at the disastrous naval
engagement off tho Yalu rivor, has
beon arrested for foiling to dofoud the
dockyard of Port Arthur against the
The Chinese government has heard
of tho Japanese oxcesses at Port Arthur,
aud a strict inquiry Is now proceeding.
Some of tho Japaneso officers aro nov
being tried by courtmartial for not re
straining their men after the capture of
Port Arthur. Most of tho foreign
correspondents doclaro that the exces:
wore oxousablo by parallel cases, whi h
have occurred in tho best European
The officials of Port Arthur report
that the Japaneso made stringent regu
lations for the protection of tho iuhnbi
taats of that place who are nosv said to
be returning. Many of them are re
ceiving food from tho Japanoso.
A Che-Foo dispatch to the Associated
Press on Nov. 28 announced that Chi
nese fugitiVos declared that the Jap
aneso sacked Port Arthur, shootiDg
everyone, eld and young, and that pil
lage and murder wero supreme for three
days. Tho dead, they assorted, woro
barbarously mutilated, their hands,
noses and cars being chopped off and
Othor atrocities committed.
No resistance, it was added, was
offored by tho people. But, the Japa
neso soldiers scoured the country for
days, killing all the Chinoso thoy could
find. All the streets of Port Arthur,
tho fugitives furthor doolared, and tho
harbor Were filled with dead bodies.
Tho reports of tho Japaneso atrocities
at Port Arthur wore, on the day follow
ing, confirmed from various sources.
But it is Etu. ed that thoy woro provoked
by the persistent atrocities of the Chi
nese. TESTING FEMALE SUFFRAGE.
Ileleu 91. Go u (far Begins Her Suit in the
Lafayette, Ind., Dec. 10. At tho
Novomber olection Mrs. Helen M. Gou
gar, president of tho Indiana Woman's
Suffrage association, went to tho voting
placo in the prooinct hi whioh she lives
and demanded tho right to vote.
She was refused beoauso of the fact
that she was a woman. Sho then of
fered to make affidavit to her citizen
ship, but was refused for tho samo rea
son. Yestorday in tho superior court sho
brought suit against M. P. Timborlake
and others, members of tho election
board, for $10,000 damages. Tho caso
will be givou a hearing at an early dato
and will then be taken to tho supreme
The objoct in filing tho suit is to test
tho validity of tho Indiana statutes re
lating to suffrage.
Mre. Gougor contends that women aro
admitted to practice law in this state,
and for that and other reasons aro en
titled to the right of suffrage.
Dead in a Sbrawstacb.
Anderson, lnd., Deo. 19. Harvqy
W. Baughman, formerly a train dis
patcher hero, was found dead in a
etrawstack near Fort Wayne yesterday.
Two years ago ho was partially dis
abled by paralysis, and at times he was
irrational. He was rolioved from work
and removed to Fort Wayne, whore his
wife is engaged as a teacher.
A Sorrowing mother Kills Herself.
St. Mary, Ind., Dec. 19. An un
usually sad suicide ooQurred at Terre
Haute, Mrs. Will Gerald killing hersolf
with a pistol shot. She was the mother
of seven children, and moutally un
balanced from sorrow over tho loss of a
child, which was burnod to doath, sho
narrowly escaping a similar fate at tho
Houso Movers Crushod.
Lebanon, Ind., Doc. 19. Noah Bar
tell and Johu Benson woro moving a
houso a mile past of horo yestorday, and
whilo attempting to rosot a truck, tho
Bill gavo way, crushing both men under
it. Burtoll escaped with a broken arm
and brulsod head, whilo Benson's head
was crushed almost boyoud recog
nition. Desperadoes Driven On.
Cuecotah, I. T., Deo. 19. Six un
masked men, supposed to be Bill Doolin,
Jim French and mombors of tho let
ter's band, attempted to hold up and
rob the storo of J. R. Pearce at Texana,
12 milos east of here. A. and J. C.
Powell, two young men in charge,
opened fire on tho robbers and suc
ceeded in driving them off with a loss
of loss than $20 in merchandise.
Kugene Kelly Dying.
New Yonic, Doo. lSt-Eugene Kelly,
tho banker, is still alive, but his death
is a matter, of , a low hours. His family
phrsioian, Dr, McCreary, .la witty him,
.and by ths dying banker,'; bedside aro
hie ;f our soas.ugono,. Jr.pdwjard H.,
Thomas Jfv aud, Robort and, his, daugh
ter, ,Mrs Deals.