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LAND , COPPER OF THE LAST B AND FISH v, FRONTIER ' , U--1--LJ and Alaska Evening F»ost________ v ... v , “ SEWARD, ALASKA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 8,1917 Ten Cents the Copy Volume XL Number 71 ___* . . ..■__ G LARD WILL STAY UNTIL AMERICANS DEPART IN SAFETY BERLIN, Thursday, Feb. 8—(By wireless via Say ville)—The German government will not permit Ameri , can Ambassador Gerard, the officials ot the American embassy, consuls or any American citizens to leave Gei luany until it receives information that sate conduct has been granted to Ambassador Bernstortt and his stall. 'inis statement was made by authority following slightly garbled reports sent out from other sources. Ambassador Gerard announced today that, even it he was olfered safe conduct after Germany was assured that Bernstorlf would be returned in safety, he would not leave unless American correspondents and other Ameri can citizens now held as hostages could leave also. DENY CODE TO GERARD LONDON, Thursday, Feb. 8.—The German govern ment will require a guarantee that Bernstorff and men on German snips in American ports will be permitted to leave the United States, before allowing Ambassador Ger ard and other Americans to depart from Germany. This information comes via Copenhagen as the result of a telegram sent by Gerard himself to the American legation there. The Copenhagen Politiken as quoted by the Reuter News agency says that all Americans in Germany, includ ing those arrested by the commerce raider in the South Atlantic and brought to Germany off the Yarrodale, are 'heid as hostages. An Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen states that Gerard informed the American embassy there that he was no longer allowed by the German government to send messages in the code of the American state depart ment. ALLIES 0. K. BERNSTORFF’S TRIP HOME WASHINGTON, Thursday, Feb. 8. — France today notified the American government that Ambassador Bernstorff would be granted safe conduct home and simi • iar action is expected by England. Later today Great Britain granted safe conduct to Ambassador Bernstorff, stipulating that he must touch at Halifax to have his papers examined. Sec. Lansing stated today that he expected Ambassa t dor Gerard would soon be permitted to depart. ORDERS RELEASE OF GERMANS SEATTLE, Thursday, Feb. 8.—Sec. of Labor Wilson ordered the release of the masters and crews of the Ger man steamer Saxonia and ship Steinbek today, and tlv1 men returned to their vessels. The secretary held that these men had not committed an offense in damaging property on the ships fro which they might be detained by this country as no protest had been filed by the owners in Germany or German officials on behalf of the owners. BREACH IS WIDENING WASHINGTON, Thursday, Feb. 8—The breach with Germany is growing wider hourly, and confirmation of the reports that Americans in Germany are being held as hostages has practically removed all hope that hostilities can be avoided. All that is necessary to touch off the war will be the first overt act. Germany’s submarine campaign of ruthlessness is de veloping with fury. On the basis of reports received on the destruction of . the California and other ships so far, however, it is stated authoritatively, that none of these cases constitutes an overt act which will lead to war. SPAIN PROTESTS THAT SOB WAR IS OUTSIDE INTERNATIONAL LAW MADRID, Thursday, Feb. 8.—Spain in reply to the German note establishing barred zones off the coast of Europe made a firm and dignified protest today against it, declaring that Germanys’ action to close completely cer tain sea routes is outside the legal principles of interna tional law. Spain adds that if Germany hopes to have Spanish help to.avoid more loss of life it must be under stood that Spain cannot accept the legality of these ex ceptional methods of war. ICE FIELDS IN LOWER INLET ARE HEAVY Reports From Seldovia Show Was No Chance For Tug Koscoc SELDOVIA. — (Special — At tempts to navigate Cook inlet by the tug L. Koscoc in January were doom ed to failure before she left Seward, because the lower ice fields in the in let extend below Kenai and came farther south at times. The clearing of the ice from Turnagain and Knik arms had no elfect on these fields ex tending from abAve the Forelands southward. On the 2Gth of this month the launch Rosebud made a trip up the inlet to Xinilchik with Mr. L. Busch mnnn of the Deep Sea Salmon Co. ami Mr. John Tennyson of the North Western Fisheries Co., landed them and waited one tide. Xinilchik •peo ple said it was one of the coldest days they had this winter. Everyone was well and hoping the weather would turn warmer. It was the lower limit of the ice field. • On the 27th and 28th the same launch, bound to and from Bear Cove, encountered ice that had drifted ofi* the flats, and this field extended from Homer to the ^ ukon islands, bui easy to go through and would not delay a large vessel. BUSY DAY ON SEWARD'S WATER FRONT This was a busy day on the water front with the Admiral Evans and Cordova discharging cargo at the same time and the schooner Harold Blekum waiting for an opportunity to put 200 tons of merchandise and general freight ashore, and the barge Lawrence waiting for a chance to load explosives and freight for Anchorage. The tugs Koscoe and Annie W. were also at the dock. The Admiral Evans had coal for the U. S. railroad as did the Cordova. The latter steamer also had coal for the Alaska Transfer, gasoline for other local firms, and powder for the railroad. EVANS SAILS SOUTH, 1500 BARRELS OF HERRING SHIPPED —— Fifteen hundred barrels of salt her ring were taken aboard the Admiral Evans for Seattle at Seldovia, and re ports were made by the fishermen that they could have filled 5,000 bar rels with ease. There was no coal at Seldovia, se ! vere weather preventing the shipment ! from being sent across Katchemak j bay. The Admiral Evans sailed south this afternoon with the following pas sengers: Mr. and Mrs. DeLine, Helen DeLine, Father Van der Pol, Tom O'Harrow, for Valdez; G. M. Scott, Emma Kammeron, J. Simmers and wife, N. O. Nyberg, Mrs. Victor Stewart, Mrs. E. A. Ward, for Seat tle. J. E. Musch, G. A. Vinger for Juneau, and Mrs. Wm. Stromer for Latouche. i ___ THE WEATHER . Yesterday. Maximum . 39 Minimum . 34 Current . 39 Weather . Cloudy Wind . South WEATHER TOMORROW Unsettled with increasing wind. BLEKUM SAFE BUT PROGRESS ISMISSIN6 Tow Sails Into Port Alone, Power Boat Last Seen Off Cape Ommaney After a voyage full of wild advent ure, the two masted schooner, Harold Hlekum, reached port at an early hour this morning, and dropped anchor oil the mouth of Lowell creek. Capt. VV. Kohlmister reports that the power schooner Progress, which undertook to tow the Harold Blekum from Seattle to Seward after the lirst attempt to get here failed, has not been seen since Wednesday, January 31st, when the towing hauser parted off Cape Ommaney. The tow is safe in port but the tow boat is missing, lost track of in a howling northeaster. Capt. Kohlmister has been the re* ceipient today of many compliments on his magnificient seamanship in bringing the schooner into port alone. Mrs. Kohlmister, who was with him is also being complimented on hei pluck. She is the daughter of Ur. J. P. Sweeney of Seattle, and has ac companied him on many voyages over the world but none so hard as th< one just finished. The Harold Hleekum first sailed from Seattle for Seward and Kodiak in November and early in December urrived olf Resurrection bay but was unable to enter on account of a north erly gale, later losing all sails otf Port Dick and being forced to return to Seattle. On this trip with her new master, she sailed in tow of the Progress. Things went reasonably well until the pair were off Cape Ommaney when a northeaster let go its fury and both vessels commenced to ice up rapidly. “We do not know what became of the Progress,” said Capt. Kohlmister. “When the hauser broke we were spun away to seaward and the last \v« saw of our tug she was wallowing fn a smother of foaming seas. Things began to happen to us. Rig seas swept the deck clear of every thing moveable, running rigging parted and the sails came down with a run. Oh, but it was* some mess. During the next 48 hours we were driven 250 miles under bare poles. “Then the wind shifted to the south, increased to a gale and we made Seal rocks in two days. As we neared th* shore with the southeaster howling astern we put on all the sail she could stand to keep headway or. her in case a lot of tacking about was necessary to keep off the lea shore. The snow was so thick we couldn't see Cape Resurrection and after beating around for three days we had a chance to duck in last night “We actually didn't have a rope left to make fast to the dock when we arrived and our running rigging is so full of knots and splices that we had to cut some of it to get the sails down." The captain’s wife is proud of her skipper husband and his success in getting to port in spite of losing her tow boat. She said that in cruises to China, Liverpool and many other ports she never experienced anything to equal this winter storm in the Gulf of Alaska. The Harold Blekum will be refitted here after discharging, before pro ceeding with the rest of her cargo, which is consigned to Kodiak. • BOATS AND TRAINS The Admiral Evans sailed south at noon today. The freighter Cordova arrived at 5 o’clock this morning. The Northwestern sailed north from Juneau at 10 o’clock this morn ing. The Admiral Watson sailed from Juneau for Seward and way ports ai 1 o’clock this morning. The Harold Blekum arrived at an early hour this morning. SIX-INCH SIEGE GUNS SHIPPED EAST; ORDER 500 AIRPLANE MOTORS WEST POINT, Thursday, Feb. 8.—All available six inch siege guns at West Pont were shipped to New York today for use in strengthening the forts protecting the ap proaches to the city. REAL PREPAREDNESS AT LAST NEW YORK, Thursday, Feb. 8.—Secondary batter ies and equipment for held operations in connection with the forts of New York are being strengthened and ad ditional ammunition is being provided for the great guns I at Sandy Hook. PUTTING FLEET IN READINESS SEATTLE, Thursday, Feb. 8. — Armoured cruisers now at Puget Sound navy yard were ordered today to take on stores and provisions for full commission for nine months. AIRPLANE ENGINES WANTED WASHINGTON, Thursday, Feb. 8.—Bids were called for by the war department for 500 airplane engines for early delivery. NAVY BASES FOR PACIFIC WASHINGTON, Thursday, Feb. 8. —The establish ment of a naval base in San Francisco bay and the devel ipment of the Puget Sound navy yard as a base were re commended today by the board ot navy oilicets which has made a special study ol the situation on the 1 aciiie coast. WIRELESS REPORTS FORBIDDEN WASHINGTON, Thursday, Feb. 8.—Sec. of the Navy Daniels ordered that no more wireless reports of positions at sea be given by American merchant \essels. SUBS HAVE SUNK 59 SHIPS NEW YORK, Thursday, Feb. 8. — Fifty-nine ships have been sunk bv German submarines since the new blockade order took effect Feb. 1st, according to a compi lation from cable reports. Fourteen vessels of a total tonnage of 29,998 were sunk yesterday and last night. EXPECT 20 S0L0NS TO VISIT ALASKA SEATTLE, Thursday, Feb. 8. — E. C. Hughes, who returned today from Washington where he has been in Che interest of Alaskan affairs, stated that the prospects were g*ood for a visit to Alaska next sunnnei by, a delega tion of 20 or more members of Congress._ lEAiTPROBERS IN CLOSED SESSION — i WASHINGTON, Thursday, Feb. 8. — An executive session was held by the “ peace not leak” probe committee today when Mrs. Visconti, the woman named by Thomas W. Lawson as having told him about the leak, gave the source of her information. KING TELLS II. S. WHAT ENGLAND WILL DO, IN PARLIAMENT SPEECH -— » LONDON, Thursday, Feb. 8.—England’s determina tion to tight on until victory is won was reaffirmed by the king in his speech at the opening of parliament today. “There is no basis for peace at the present time,” de clared his majesty. “The enemy has made certain over rides with a view"to opening peace negotiations but their tenor gave no possible basis for peace. “In answer to the invitation of the American presi i dent we have outlined in a general way our war aims, j “Threats of further outrages of the international : law of humanity by our enemies will only steel us in our i determination to win. My people and the peoples of oui ; brave allies are all resolved upon securing restoration for the past restitution for the wrongs inflicted and guar antees for security of our future. These we regard as ' absolutely essential to the progress of civilization.