OCR Interpretation

The Coconino sun. (Flagstaff, Ariz.) 1898-1978, January 29, 1898, Image 13

Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87062055/1898-01-29/ed-1/seq-13/

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Tree and Plant for the Arid and Sub'Arid Influence of Natural Surrounding on Na
Region. tire Shown.
" A systematic canvass of tho world In order to show the close connection
will bo made In the next four years to between the region and the social and
determine what tree or trees can best Industrial life of the people, the dopart
bc made to grow In our arid and sub- ment of ethnology of the National
arid riglnm," said Professor B. E. Fur- museum at Washington, D. C, has con
now, chief of the division of forestry of structed a relief map In plaster, colored,
tho agricultural department, to your to show the geological features of south
correjpondent today. "While this Is west Colorado, southern and central
tho particular object In vlew.it Is likely Utah, as far as Salt Lake, nearly all of
that the search will lead to a systematic Arizona, and New Mexico as far east as
attempt by this department to Intro- the Wo Grande extends. This area Is
duce here and acclimatize from all parts sometimes called the arid region, also
of the world the economically valuable the pueblo country. It Includes the
plants. territory of tho cliff dwellers, cave
" The effect of trees In a dry region dwellers, crater dwellers and mesa
upon the atmospheric molitu.-c Is a dwellers. In this region Is a basin of
somewhat disputed question. While the lower Colorado, the Little Colorado,
they diminish evaporation from the soil the Gila and Rio Grande rivers.
by furnishing a shade and ulndbr.iko. While this territory differs from the
'5Jfhe transpiration must bo taken Into buffalo plains on the east and coast area
account on tne otner stue. l lie roots or uamornia on tne west greatly wunin
of a tree tire drawing water from a itself, it also possesses a remarkable
great depth and giving It out to tho variety of Its own features, so that,
atmosphere through the leaves, and yet combined In only one pueblo region,
here again this cannot help making the there are half a dozen types shown by
atmospheru more moist. Hut the main houses, potti-ry, basketry and modes of
thing in the dry regions is to keep the living. The map Is marked to express
soil granular, so the water can perco- these varieties. A separate court at
late It Instead of running off Into the the museum, with Its galleries, will
rivers when any rain does fall. As soon embrace the ethnical features of this
as tho people begin to plough hind I map, consisting of figures and groups,
believe there Is an Increase of moisture, models of various types of houses, and
although this point is disputed. It Is separate cases In which each special art
apparent that thero arc now dews In Is shown In Its distribution through the
places whero there were none formerfy, arid region. When completed this map,
and although the change In climate will with Its accompanying exhibit, will
naturally bo small and exceedingly slow Pre?ent, th ,b"t ,??""? "mhS
, , . region to bo seen In any museum in tne
In coming about, I believe some eon- world. In addition to the map, on all
quest of tho arid regions Is being the collections there will be large labels
made." Boston Transcript. and sra11 oncs' photographs, drawings
and a small library accessible to every
J. W. Spear has resigned the position visitor who wishes to study along these
or city editor of the Phoenix Republican llnes"
and has accepted the position of deputy The expenditures for Yavapai county
clerk of the district court of Maricopa, for the year 1897 were about $160,000.

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