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THE COCONINO SUN FRIDAY, JULY 11, 1919. "AMERICANISM" IS THE SLOGAN OF THE ELKS j V i- i i Pi PATRIOTISM IS FEATURED BY ANTLEREDHERD CONVENTION IN ATLANTIC CITY SETS NEW ATTENDANCE RECORD FOR FRATER NAL ORDERS LEADERS IN WAR RELIEF WORK History of An Exclusively American Order Whose Cardinal Principles xAre Charity and Patriotism, and Which Is Now in Partnership with The Vocational Training of Dis abled Soldiers, Sailors and .Marines This year's national convention of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks in Atlantic City, with "Ameri canism" as Its slogan, established a record as the gioatest in the history of the order, and probably sets a new attendance figure for national frater nal gatherings in this country. In spite of war vork activities in which nearly all the citizens of the country were engaged, and the unpre cedented number of deaths from the epidemic that swept the country dur ing that time, the Elks had a net in creas6 in membership during the last year of more than 50,000. Various circumstances account for the prosperity of the Order of Elks during the war. It is purely an Amer ican institution. Its membership is limited to white citizens of the United States, and its subordinate lodges aic to be found only on United States soil. El Kb Originate Flag Day Flag Day, which has become a na tional institution thiough an act of Congress, and which this year was ob served and celebrated in practically every community in this country, was originated by the Benevolent and Pro tective Order of Elks. Even now, with the day nationalized as it is, per haps the most notable celebrations of it are still held in Elks' homes. Thus on June 14 last, among the most nota ble and important utterances given to the country in observance of Flag Day, was the speech made by Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, president of Columbia University, in the Lodge Room of New York Lodge No. 1, the ".Mother Lodge" of Elks. Flag Day has been informally ob-1 served by various subordinate Elks' lodges for many years. Its official designation and celebration by the Order was first proposed by Grand Exalted Ruler Henry A. Melvin, now of the supreme court bench of Cali fornia, at the grand lodge convention held in Philadelphia in 1907. This recommendation was immediately adopted and the incoming grand ex alted.ruler, John K. Tener, of Pennsyl vania, appointed a committee on work and ritual to prepare a suitable ritu alistic service for such a celebration. This committee was made up of James L. King, state librarian of Kansas, chairman; Charles Beccher Lahan, of Chicago; and William M. Hargest, of Harrisburg, Pa. The ritual for Flag Day was prepared by Mr. King and exemplified by him at the grand lodge session in Dallas, Tex., in 1908. Patriotism and Charity Taught The ritual of the Elks teaches pa triotism above everything else, unless it is charity, which is perhaps the foundation stone of the Order. At every meeting of an Elks Lodge, the altar is draped with the American flag, and newly initiated members arc admonished to love, respect and de fend it This ritualistic teaching is not of recent origin, but is of nearly CO years' standing. The leaders of thq Elks are among the leaders of the country in commer cial, political and patriotic work. They have placed the Order in the front rank among those initiations that stand for genuine Americanism, and especially those which stand, not upon the order of their doing, but upon the cardinal principle of doing immediate ly whatever is to be done either for the country or for the individual in distress. General Pershing An Elk There is no red tape in the Elks creed. In other respects their creed is expansive enough to welcome all good American citizens to member ship, be they Jews, Gentiles, Catholics, or Protestants. The one proud boast of the Elks everywhere is that they possess tho genuine fraternal spirit. And their desire is to infect other good Americans with it. General John J. Pershing is proud of his life membership in El Paso, Tex., Lodge No. 187. A member of the military affairs committee of Con gress, who knew Pershing when he was a student at West Point, but who had not seen him for many years, tells a story worth repeating, about the general and the Elks. This congress man made an official visit to the battle front in France two years ago, and one of the first things General Persh ing said to him was: "Jack are you an Elk?" It is needless to say that that con gressman is today one of the proud est and most enthusiastic members of the Order. Leaders in War Relief Work With this general understanding of the principles and leadership of the Elks, it is easy to understand why the Order took a leading part in war ac tivities, and why it is today in actual, exclusive partnership with the United States government in one of the most important and far-reaching undertak ings ever put into effect in the history of the world that of vocational train ing or re-education of disabled' sol diers, sailors and marines of the great world war. The Elks are unique in one feature of their organization though not ex clusive among secret fraternal orders in the fact that only one subordinate Lodge is permitted in each city, which pennits the resources of each subor ordinatc Lodge to be centralized. The result is that practically every city in the country of over 5,000 inhabitants has in Elks home or club. During tho war hundreds of these homes were given over either wholly or in pait for war work avtivities car ried on in the community by such or ganizations as the Red Cross, the Y. M. C. A., tho Knights of Columbus, the Salvation Army, the Jewish Wel fare and others that had reason to appreciate the patriotic spirit of Elk dom as thus exemplified. Elks War Relief Commission Early in the war the Elks became especially impressed with the unself ish spirit in which the Salvation Army was carrying on its work and particu larly with the fine standing it had with the boys at the front. The re sult was that hundreds of Elks lodges placed all their resources behind the Salvation Army drives for funds, and the slogan, "Elks Raise Dollars for Doughnuts" became countrywide. At the Elks Grand Lodge session in Boston in July, 1917, provision was made for the appointment of a special committee to be known as the Elks' War Relief Commission, which, to iMHfiflpplii M mm P mffiffi&KKHttm iliHBlilf m i P r ;i r' - If aBHHHBHnH 1 BHi v cpli?w? Iff! iHf t-mMMmMKS WwumBm?j'$ lllflli Tho $2,000,000 Home of New York Lodge No. 1, tho "Mother Lodgew of Elks and the National Elks "War Relief Commission, which was authorized to spend $2,000,000 in "War Relief "Work. Members of the Commission, Left to Right: Fred Harper of Lynchburg, Va., Jerome B. Fisher of Jamestown, N. Y., John K. Tener, ex-Governor of Pennsylvania (chairman), Joseph T. Fanning of New York (Secretary), Edward Rightor of New Orleans and James R. Nicholson of Boston. Above, Bruce A. Campbell, Grand Exalted Ruler, of East St. Louis, I1L gethcr with the grand exalted ruler, would have charge of the expediture of whatever moneys were raised by the Elks for war work or war relief nurnoses. This commission was made ' up of ex-Governor John K. Tener of Pennsylvania, Joseph T. banning 01 Indianapolis, Jerome B. Fisher of Jamestown,' N. Y., James R. Nicholson of Boston, Edward Rightor of New Orleans, Fred Harper of Virginia, all past grand exalted rulers, and Grand Exalted Ruler Bruce A. Campbell, of East St. Louis, 111. This commission at onco tendered its services and resources to the United States government through the war department. At that time the University of Virginia and the Univ ersity of Oregon were organizing base hospitals for service in France, but no provision had been made for outfit ting and equipping them. This was undertaken by the Elks War Relief Commission, each hospital being fully equipped at a cost of $60,000. They were operated during the remainder of the period of the war under the joint name of the Elks and the univer sities designated, and made wonderful records for efficiency. Reclamation Hospital at Boston Later there was seen tho need of a reclamation hospital in this country to rebuild the disabled heroes who were returning from the battle fronts. The Elks War Relief Commission took the matter in hand and built what is said to bo the finest hospital of the kind in this country, on Parker Hill in Boston. It was turned over to the government to be operated, having, cost the Commission considerably more than $300,000 to construct. Its record has been of the best. The gov ernment medical staff has given it the highest praise, and it has been operated at full capacity ever since the day it was opened. Camp Sherman Community House During the influenza epidemic a critical situation arose at Camp Sher- man, Ohio, where over 40,000 boys were in training. There were not suf ficient housing accommodations at Chillicothe, Ohio, near which the camp was located, to care for the parents of the boys who were ill in camp and it was therefore impossible for many of these parents to visit their sons. When this condition was disclosed to the Elks War Relief Commission an Elks community house was built at Chillicothe in record time at a cost of 'about $40,000. This house made it possible for hundreds of the sick boys to be visited and looked after by theii mothers, and the army officials in charge of the camp regarded it as one of the best things done at any of the training camps during the time of the epidemic. It was declared that the fraternal spirit among the Elks had as much to do with speeding up the laborers and contractors who were building this community house, as the money that was paid them for the work. At the time of the signing of the armistice Governor Tenor, chairman of the Elks War Relief Commission, was under instructions to proceed to France for the purpose of tendering to General Pershing such assistance within the war zone as the resources of the Benevolent and Protective Or der of Elks could command. Elks Help Salvation Army The signing of the armistice and the ending of active hostilities found the Elks War Relief Commission with a considerable sum of money on hand. This money had been raised exclu sively among the membership of the Order, a total of $2,000,000 in assess ments having been authorized, al though it was not all called. Investi gation was at once begun, however, for the purpose of determining a suit able use to make of the balance on hand, all of which had been given for war relief work. On January 1 last Chairman Tener. Secretary Fanning and Grand Exalted Ruler Campbell, on behalf of the Elks War Relief Commission, called on Evangeline C. Booth, commander of the Salvation Army in the United States, and presented her with a certi fied check for $00,000 as a fitting rec ognition and in appreciation of "the great work your organization has per formed and is performing in the name of God and humanity." In accepting the gift Miss Booth said: "This is not the first time the Ben evolent and Protective Order of Elks has shown practical sympathy for and given substantial aid to the Salvation Army. But this gift, ot such gener ous proportions, coming to us unsolici ted at a moment when unprecedented' opportunities exist for' helping man kind, impresses us beyond words to express, and as the leader of the Sal vation Army in the United States I can but say with emphasis that we are profoundly grateful and by all means appreciative of the very wonderful thing you have done." Vocational Training The attention of the Elks War Re lief Commission was next directed to an apportunity to aid .disabled sol diers, sailors and marines by co-oper- ating as a private agency with the Federal Board for Vocational Educa tion, in the vocational training and re-education of the wounded war heroes. This work was entirely a new ven ture. Nothing of the kind had ever before been undertaken following any war. Heretofore disabled soldiers had been granted a pittance of a pension on which they could barely live, and in their old age were put in a soldiers home to ponder over the ingratitude of the country for which they had fought. Quite by accident it was discovered by a Belgian gentleman who was car ing for some wounded soldiers that the men became interested in work ing with some tools he had in his house, and that this work stimulated their interest in life and hastened their recovery, in addition to mak'pg them adepts in the use of various tools according to their fancy or in conformity with their particular phys ical defects. This was the start of vocational training for disabled war veterans. It has been carried on in Fiance, Eng land, Canada and Italy as well as in Germany for nearly four years. It is asserted by those who have been I identified with it, that no wounded i man has yet been found and put in training, no matter what his physical t disability, but who has been vocation i ally trained or re-educated so that he , has as great or greater earning capa city than before he was disabled. This pointed the way to making every dis abled man independent, self-supporting and consequently more self-re-' specting than if he were left to shift , for himself on a small pension. I By unanimous vote in both houses of Congress a bill was passed and 1 was signed by the president on June 27, 1918, putting this vocational train ing in the' hands of the Federal Board 1 for Vocational Education. This law was intended to provide free vocation al training for disabled war veterans and also to find employment for them at the end of their period of training or re-education, without in any way affecting the compensation paid them by the government for whatever de gree of disability they had suffeied by reason of their wounds. Flagstaff Lodge No. 499 has ap pointed a Soldier's Friend Committee to look after the interests of return ing soldiers, and all are urged to call upon any of the following if seeking aid of any kind: Alex A. Johnston, chairman, Dr. E. S. Miller, and John G. Phillips. Elks Assist the Government In the administration of the law, however, it was found that there would be thousands of worthy cases of disabled men who were entirely outside the purview of the law passed by Congress. These included Ameri can boys wounded while in the service of the allies, those wounded before the provisions of the law took effect, r;ul those wounded or disabled while in the army but not while in line of duty. The law also provided that no one could be placed in vocational training until his compensation had been fixed by the Bureau of War-Risk Insurance. The sudden termination of the war overloaded the Insurance Bu reau with claims for compensation so that it fell weeks and months behind in its work. This resulted in the anomaly of disabled men being "broke" and being unable to take ad vantage of the free vocational offer of the government, while at the same time that government was owing them money! Fortunately, the law provided Jhat the Federal Board of Vocational Edu cation could accept the co-operation and assistance of private agencies in carrying out its provisions. The Elks War Relief Commission had its atten tion called to this avenue for the use ful expenditure of money, and a very brief investigation convinced the members of the commission that theie was probably no more worthy cauje to which its founds could be donated. A fund of $150,000 was therefore ten dered by the Commission to Dr. C. A. Prosscr, Director of the Federal Board for Vocational Education, to be used at his discretion for necessary publicity work among the disabled men and with the general public, and for caring for tho cases of disabled men who were without the purview of the law. The offer was promptly accepted by Dr. Prosser. The Elks Fund has since increased to $250,000, and the proceeds from a feature mo tion picture produced by the Commis sion and donated to the Federal Board which is soon to be distributed for exhibition, is expected to add another $100,000. Federal Board Thanks Elks , In referring to the assistance grant ed the Federal Board for Vocational Education by the Elks War Relief Commission, Dr. Prosser, director of the board, has said: "No one action taken by any public or private agency will do so much to bring about a prompt and effective care of disabled soldiers, sailors and marines .resulting from the war as the action taken by the Elks War Relief Commission. As the result, instead of waiting for weeks and months, under privation and humiliation such as no soldier of the republic should under go, because of official delays, many of which are unavoidable, they will now find themselves properly taken care of at once and placed in the line of re education which will enable them to make their future safe for themselves and their dependents." Soldiers' Friends Committees By direction of Grand Exalted Ruler Campbell, every subordinate Lodge of Elks has appointed a Sol diers' Friend Committee which is now charged with the duty of assisting in this vocational training work. At the present time there arc about 2,000 disabled soldiers, sailors and marines in vocational training on the Elks War Relief Commission Fund. The work has proven so successful that a bill now before Congress extending vocational training into civil and in dustrial life seems assured of passage. Speaking on the floor of Congress on the subject of the co-operative ar rangements between the Federal Board for Vocational Education and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Congressman John F. Miller of the State of Washington said: "The Elks'fund thus provided is the first instance of the kind in the history of the country where a great patriotic fraternal organization has come to the aid of the government in so timely, helpful and substantial a manner." Commander Booth's Appreciation Recently, when the Salvation Army was entering upon a drive for $13, 000,000, Grand Exalted Ruler Camp bell officially directed that all Elks subordinate lodges lend their support to this undertaking. In many cities the Elks took entire charge of the drive. In all of the cities in which Elks lodges are located nearly 1,300 in number they were among the leaders in the organized effort to put the funds across. Commanaer Evan geline C. Booth has personally thank ed the Elks through the Grand Lodge for what they have done for the Sal vation Army during the period of the war. "Without the help of the Elks," she says, "the Salvation Army could not have made the success it did at the battle front." It is a matter of record that thiough the subordinate Elks lodges members of the order have subscrib ed for five million dollars of Liberty Victory bonds; they have given over three hundred thousand dollars to the Red Cross, more than a hundred thou sand to the Y. M. C. A., and more than a million dollars to various other war charities. Humble Beginning of the Elks " The Benevolent and Protective Or der of Elks, with a membership of today of approximately 550,000, whose subordinate lodges span the country from coast to coast and reach from Skagway, Alaska, to Honolulu and Manila, had a very humble beginning in an attic of a cheap boarding house in New York City about the close of the year 18G7. The moving spirit of the gathering of a half dozen actors who got together on a few Sunday afternoons for purely social purposes, was a young English music hall sing er named Vivian Charles Algernon Sidney Vivian, as he was christened. He landed in this country on Friday, November 15, 1S67, coming on an English trading vessel from South ampton. Being of convivial habits, Vivian soon was the center of a group of seven or eight fellow spirits with mu sical and theatrical connections who sought relief from the rather strict excise laws of the day in New York. At these attic gatherings an outsider was occasionally invited in, with the request that he bring with him a cork, each one present being similarly pro vided. j. simple cork trick would be proposed, the loser to provide the re freshments. The newcomer was in variably the loser, and his payment for the refreshments constituted his initiation feo into the club, which be came known as the "Jolly Corks." Selection of the Name. "Elks" Before leaving England Vivian was identified with the "Royal and Ante diluvian Order of Buffaloes," with a long and illustrious history and the names of kings and queens on its roster. In I860 he had listened to Charles Dickens deliver a lectuie on the subject of a "Benevolent and Provident Charity Fund." which he afterwards confessed had left its im pression on him. This may have had something to do with an early prac tice of the "Jolly Corks" for raising $5 to $10 by assessment, to be sent to some ill or needy associate. About this time a committee was appointed to draw up a constitution for a "ben evolent order," and Vivian was its first signer. Early in 1868 it was decided to give the organization a new name. A com mittee was appointed for this purpose, consisting of George F. McDonald, chairman, William Sheppard, Charles A. S. Vivian, Edgar N. Piatt, and Thomas G. Riggs. This committee followed up its investigations in books on natural history by a visit to Bar num's Museum near Broadway and Ann street. It is of record that Viv ian stood for the name "Buffalo," but voted to make unanimous the selection of the name "Elks" when it was shown that the Elk is distinguished for fleetness and for timidity at any wrong-doing, and that the animal avoids all combat save in the defense , of its weak and young and helpless, and tne icmaie ot its species, it was the aptness of this simile with the ideals of the development of the or der that put the final confirmation and approval on the word "Elk." Vivian Recognized Founder of Order Vivian was the son of a clergyman of the Church of England and was born in Exeter, Devonshire, October 22, 1842. He died in Leadville, Colo., March 20. 1880, of pneumonia, after a short life time of many theatrical vicissitudes, ranging from touring with his own company to being stranded in Denver, penniless. His j grave, unmarked save for a message J scratched with some hard instrument j in a pine board at its head, rested undisturbed until on April 28, 1889, tne order exhumed the remains and placed them in Elks Rest, Mt. Hope Cemetery, Boston. There, on a mass ive, irregular boulder in whose face there is a large bronze plate, in raised letters on the plate, stands out this inscription: -."Charles Algernon Sidney Vivian, founder of the Order of EJks. Died March 20, 1880, aged 34 years. A lover of his kind, who founded a great orderand in doing so wrought much good." Tho natal dav of Elkdom is Febru ary 16. 1868. This is the date of the first charter issued, as well as the date on the original old first banner of New York Lodge No. 1, still pre served. As constituted today, however, the order of Elks dates from 1871, on January 1 of which year a resolution was reported founding the Grand Lodge. This was ratified in New York on January 29, and on March 10 the legislature of New York grant- ) ed the newly formed grand lodge, (Continued on Pago 13.) '"lifJtp9NQ19t?