Newspaper Page Text
SALT RIVER HERALD.
SoUardar, Jaauary 2M1. FARM AND FIRESIDE. Items Of Interest To Salt Biver Farmers. Tacts Concerning; Our Valley Wluvt It will Produce Fireside Items, The unount of rich agricultural and farming land in the Territory is from fifteen to twenty million acres, bat eing to a scarcity of water for irrigation, there u susceptible for cultivation but about two million eight hundred thousand acres. The largest tract of agricultural land which can be cultivated in this Territory is that on the Salt river, in and around Pho?nLx tor a distaucc of from twenty to fifty miles. The amount of such laud hi thU rich valley is approximately one million of acres. Nearly one-half of tlte lest land in the Territory. The soil is a rich alluvium, capable of producing, with good tillage, twfcnty five to fifty bushels of wheat, barley, and corn to the acre. Wc will de vote these two columns weekly to the best interest of the Farm and Fireside, and aim to make it instruct, ive, entertaining and attractive. In serting only such as will be of gen eral interest to our readers. Vc ask your co-operation to this end, write out you experiences and any facts you may have disco vere 1. Our column will never be too crowded 0 give such letters insertiou. Coin addHw s. F.-om carefully conducted experiments by different lighting of the fires for winter 'acci persons, it has been ascertained that i dentals,' sociables, sewing and read one bushel of com will make a little ing clubs, begin in all inland towns more than ten pounds of pork, gross. 1 and villages. We have a word or Taking thc result as a basis, the fob two to aay concerning these stated lowing deductions arc made, which j l'ttle assemblies which constitute so all our farmers would do well to lay byfor convenient reference that: When corn sells at 12J cents per bushel pork costs lc per pound. When corn sells at 17 cents per .. D?nel. pork costs 2c per pound When corn costs 25c tier bushel, ' pork cost 3c per pouud. j but it is as a rule overlooked. Wc When corn costs 33c per bushel, ''lVe known the plain sewing taken pork cost 4 cents per pound. liioni the seamstresses of a village, When corn costs 50c per bushel, ' a"d given to church clubs for a win pork costs 5c per pound. j ter; the consequence f which was, llie following statements W fl, f.., will ..t;., l,:. PUIS TV I corn when sold in the form of irlc. When pork sells at 3c per pound, it brings 25c per bushel in corn. When pork sells at 4c per pound. u urmga jc per unsnei in corn . i , , , . When pork sells at 5c per pouud, it brings 45 cents tier bushel m corn. 8tori-g Potatoes. Every method has been tried by farmers to store and preserve their jxitatoea through the winter, and we may say until potatoes come again. It is the most valuable of all veri table. though here and there wc find a ier- son and a writer who undertakes to i tell us of its unwholcsoiueuess. It 1AajAIIIAIi1U 1 . is universally pousumcd in all civil ized countries, as where it cannot be grown it is imported, which can be done long distances without injury, when ventilation is attended to. In storing potatoes several methods are adopted, yet they are all practically tlje same, the object being to protect them against freezing, whether buried in pits or stoied in cellars. Thc first consideration is to keep them in perfect darkness, the next is the bins should not be too deep not over three .fee t to produce warmth and cause them to sprout. When stored in thc field straight trenches are dug, say twenty feet in length and four or five wide, which arc filled to thc depth of three feet with potatoes, then well covered with straw, on top of which put eighteen or twenty inches of earth. In a pit twenty feet long there should be about three gas escapes or ventilla ting openings, which should be plugged with straw and covered with a board to turn the rain. If in cellars, barn or otherwise, the bins should be covered with rags old car peting or straw. Those intended to be kept for late spring sales should be frequently examined and all sprouts removed, for as soon as a po tato begins to sprout it loses its so lidity, dryness and quality. One hundred and ten bushels of buckwheat were raised by A. C. Griffin, of Franklin county, Iowa, on two acres of land. SMALL ITEMS. New York City eats 70,000,000 of eggs per year, and several millions more are consumed iu morning drinks. An apiarian in Utah estimates that one acre of mignonette will fur nish sufficient pasture for one hun dred stocks of bees. Some 110,000 worth of mules have recently died on the ranch of Joseph Cone, iu Tehama county, from the glnnders, which seems to have attacked all the stock on his extensive ranch. This epidemic seems to be prevalent at various poiuts of the Slate, auc most serious in its results. The comb is the hen's pulse. If that be strong and bright, and of a good color and full of blood, shaking with every quick movement of the bird in the combed varieties, the bird is iu normal health, and in a a laying oonditiou. When the rim of the comb and wattles have a pur plish tinge, the bird is uotwrlL Owing to the unusual fall of snow on the gnuing lands in western Ne braska vast herds of cattle are suf fering greatly for want of food. One report says that between 35,000 and 40,000 head of cattle arc in a starv ing condition between Sidney and tho north I'laiti T1iiv mmr tin tn the Union Pacific raUroad track in ! r.!it nmnW ml frmm.tW ;m. I pede the progres of train, which I aw obliged on this account to move :aue; rt they ong"t to uaTe ,tnow slowly and cautiously through this I 0wn nd if possible. Do not section. Cattle are oRen found ly-1 rnnt an " you cn ToiJit inglnumbed and hungry on the .There can beno such a thing as home . . . . . r . . . ..-l . tpv v track, and nave to lie forcibly driven off. FOR WINTER EVENINGS. SEWING CLCBS, READING CLUBS, CIRCULATING I.IBRAIUE8. A nnn,,nf c,;?,1. ;,. 1 the following excellent suggestions: "With the closing of the doors and ciety in thousands of our towns. 'First, as to sewing clubs. The work should be carefully restricted to such embroidery, etc., as cannot be done by women who earn their i living by the needle. The justice of tin's ought to be at once anparenl, ! lmnPTv wnnwm Scciiwllv. in wlme- W k O " aa.as.-a avu hviu, i ''"JO for each reader be limited by 'inflexible rule. If this is not done, there will be found in every such club at leust one dogmatic, selfish reader, who will foicc his author and his voice upon thc club, until in dig 6"" auu weariness the members tall offand thc exiierirccnt fails. Third ly, if wc may trench upon a most delicate subji ct, we would suggest that in merely social combinations the old caste Hues of thc town be dis regarded. There is no despotism more narrow or cruel than the aris tocracy of a villnge. New blood and " - u Ecra i v J" .. :j i 1 i, .. the so-called "rood society which has been fenced in for two or three generations, is fre quently found the larger proportion of intelligence, culture and breadth of thought. Fourthly, thc great want experienced by cultured men and women in small towns is of books, magazines, etc, which indi vidually they are not able to buy. There are very few circulating li braries in American towns of a pop. ulation less than 10,000. This waat can be obviated in a measure by a friendly combination between a num ber of families or individuals, in which each contributes a given num ber of books to a common stock ; these books arc loaned to the mem bers in turn. A more formal and much better way is thc formatian of a book club, such as were common in England before the establishment of Mudie, in which each member pays at thc beginning a certain sum, with which as many books are pur chased as there arc members, each one choosing a book ; these pass in regular rotation from hand to hand, remaining a fortnight with each reader ; twenty books may thus be read for the cost of one. When the books have passed around the circle, they arc sold to members for the benefit of the club. Fines for de tention and abuse of books also keep up the funds. No officer is re quired in this association but a treasurer. Another advantage is that books can be bought by the quantity at lower rates than singly." BOB INOERSOLL Gives Some Good Advice To Farmers, which Would Be To Their Benefit To Read Through Very Care folly. The following are some extracts from a speech delivered by CoL Rob ert Ingersoll, recently, at the Central Illinois Fair: It is not necessary in this age of the world for the farmer to rise in the middle of the night to begin his work. This getting up so early in the morning is a relic of barbarism. It has made hundreds of young men curse the business. There is no need of getting up at three or four o'clock in the winter morning. The farmer 1 who presists in doing it, and presists 1 s j ; v! :r. i .:u in dragging ma wuc aim viiuurai from their beds, ought to be visited by a missionary. It is time enough to rise after the sun has ret the ex ample. For what purpose do yo get up? To feed the cattle? Why not feed them more the night before. It is a waste of life. In the old times they used to get up about three o'clock in thc morning, and go to ork lonS Wore thc un 1,ad TiBn "with healing upon his wings: and a iU8t punishment they all had the. """- J"" There must be an incentive to plant trees, beauti fy the grounds. To own a home tends to elevate the owner. It gives a certain independence, a certain force of character that is obtained in no other way. Let every farmer treat his wife ni cniklren witn kindness, uive 'm !7 vantage for culture, They will grow about you like flow ers; they will fill your life with joy 1 . aa ana penume: tney will nil your homes with sunshine, and your lives with happiness. See to it that they have all the comforts and all the con veniences of life that you can possibly give. them. Give them the advantage of every im provement as soon as you can. Try acd make life a perpetual delight. Make your homes pleasant. Have your houses warm and comfortable for the winter. Do not build a story and a half house. The half story is an oven, in which during the summer you will bake every night, and feel in the morning as though only the rind of yousclf was left. Decorate VOUr TOOms, even 1 your rooms, even if you do so witli .1 . c"eap engravings: iney are better than none. Have tiers: read them. books; have pa x ou nave more leisure than the dwelcra in cities r Beautify your ground with plants: with flowers. Have gnod gardens, m.d recollect that everthingof beuty ty tends to your elevation. Every lktle morning-glory whose purple heart is thrilled with the light of the morning sun tends to put a blossom in your heart. Kemcmber that you arc in partnership with all other labor, and be ready at all times to join hands with all other laborers for the protection of honest industry. As for myself, I envy the man who has lived upon the same broad acres from his boyhood, who has been fa miliar with the same scenes year af ter year, who now lives upon the same farm on which he was born and occupies the home of his fathers. I can imagine no happier way to end one s lite than in the quiet of the country, far from the demands of bus iness, out of the mad race for place ana money and power. THE LAST LEGISLATURE. Continued From First Page. five cents to be levied annually for the purpose of paying the interest ana the redemption ot the bonds. CONCERNING FENCES. All foclosures in that portion of Maricopa lying east of the meridian of the mouth of the Verde river shall be iuclosed with a fence made so close that horses, mules or horned cattle cannatget their heads through it. This act shall take effect on and after June 1st, 1877. TO FACILITATE THE PAYMENT OF OCR DEBT. From and after the first day of March, 1877, the County Treasurer snail, of all moneys received by him as such Treasurer, apportionahle to the general fund, pay and ap portion twenty-five per cent of such moneys to a fund to be designated as the sinking Fund, the other sev rnty-fivc per cent to go to the gen eral tuna as now provided by law. FACSIMILE BY INTERNATIONAL NEWSPAPER COLLECTOR S CLUB POST OFFICE BOX 7271. PHOENIX. ARIZONA 8501 1 USA AD VERTISEMENTS. H. MORGAN & CO., Washington St., Phoenix, AND Morgan's Station, Gila Riv'r Importers and Dealers in GROCERIES, CLOTHING, Dry Goods, Liquors, Tobacco, Cigars, &c, At prices to suit the times. PHCENIX HOTEL. Washington St, between Maricopa and 1 una streets. Clean Beds and well ventl lated Rooms by the day or night. Blacksmith Shop and Feed Yard attached to the Hotel. I. J. Gardiner Prop'r PHCENIX BREWERY, Washington St., North Side of the Plaza. GOOD LAGER BEER, LIQUORS AND CIGARS, Always on hand and for sale. Michael Braungart, Proprietor. J. D. MONIHAN'S LIVERY, FEED AND SALE STABLES, Washington St., between Center and Cortez. Best Livery Horses and ele gant vehicles at all times Horses boarded. Hay and grain always on hand. ADVERTISEMENTS. PHOCNIX FLOURING MILLS. Northwest Corner Montezuma and Jefferson Streets. Smith & Woolsky, Froprietors. This mill is supplied with new and improved ma chinery, and second to none for manufacturing choice articles of flour. Liberal cash price paid for wheat. NEW SAW MILL. Two and one-half miles south of Prescott Having now Completed, and in full operation, my new Saw Mill, I am prepared to fill or ders for Merchantable. Clear, Surfaced and Rustic Lumber MATCHED FLOORING Casings, Mouldings, Panelings and Shingles OF THE FINEST QUALITY, In short, everything in my line for the construc tion of FIRST-CLASS BUILDINGS. TEIlMg Cah Delivery All orders sent by mail or through thc merchants of Prescott, will receive prompt attention. Geo. W. Curtis. ADVERTISEMENTS. WATER! WATER ! WATER Tsm OMctt aa4 Beat la raw. Has tM mi tfcaa twnlr rean befera ffc kwlkM nnmfnlly vttbmod th tert if timm mm Mm Inll of wpaUtiaa. For tma pu w wafrtiac Mack, iirtaastac aaa raa- raiaary. tkr wiu anua pay M laaai- Was Wa hall Mil Hmm Mills at U Urw priea aakad for Utm a itaa KaMara Siaiaa. with fright addad. All Mills aball ba plaead ia auooaaafol aparatioa bakjra pajr will ba aakvd a aaaaa, aad ftiafaaiaa far waa yaar wiu do fivaa. For daanlptiTa raaiphtot of SO paras, prleoa sic, adorns OOHPF.K at LOUNT. uoatrai A gaata, naaam, Aiam The California aad Arinaa STAGE COMPANY. (ESTABLISHED 1864.) Carrying the U. S. Mail WELLS, FAKSO CITS EXPRESS, FrMBFlsaauttTia Wiekeabaia; aaal Etoaabarc tsDoaPaliaas, Cal. (Saaiaan Paste K. R.J Aaa bun Pnorott ia Vfiekaabons; aadPfcaasix To Floi:ence, Arizona. Rlarco learo rbumi orory otbor day, ovoa days ia robruary aad m days ia Jtania. J. H. llKKsox. Socrotary, Jaxu Btiwakt, Uoa'l 8u't, ttaa Boraaidiao, CaL J. V. COLUXi. Agaot, ltxanix. HOU'ARIVH EXPRESS & MAIL LINE. WICKEKBURQ TO BIONAL CITT, BleCrarkla MIbIbjc District.. Coara lourrt Wickotibarjr ovary seoond odd; dot ta February. Baking too lull trips orory iDtdaya. Faro from Wick an bora; to SifaaJ City; $13. Tlaja. S4 boars. For ana, Ao., apply to A fascial. AuK TV C. A A. biago Co Fmonlt do do Wfckoebua; do do Flanssa do do PboMts do do a........Earoabajra; do do loa Falaaaa do do J.M. Caatoasda. . . . bifaal City W. A. HOWARD, Proprietor. MORGAN & DOUGHERTY, Oarlor SU, oao door oast Post OoVoa, PraaooU Ariaoaa Watchmakers and Manufacturing J ejtbues. All kind, of Jswclry aad "11 I n 1 aklii ff n. KstivaQold aad 8ilaar. LarraTiam ol every descriptiua. Seal Praam. Ribboa Stamps. W All work warnutcd. Ordara by an!! will roetiro prompt aad careful aaeattaa