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VOL. 1. PHCENIX, SALT RIVER VALLEY, MARICOPA COUNTY, A. T., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1878. NO. 2. SALT RIVER HERALD. Pabl Bhei every Fararday by the PHOSXIX PUdLISH COMPANY. C. E. Mc-JLtstTJCK ... Manager. Subscbiptiox Kates. One Copy one year -Oue Co:y six months - .u Ci-i-y ltr e months, -Single uuaibenj - ADVETtTKIXT it.VTEK. One inch, on Insertion KaehS.i i-e it ins. r.ioa Projeasiuii carla, pir quarter $5 00 a so . 1 .VI 15 $2 00 . l on . 4 00 Euines sc-vert'semti.ta it Reduced Rate. O V 1'it'I VI. UIH K CTORY. TERarro.ii.vi. ir I KS- Pe'eca'e to C.Mnfrvos Hi. am S Stevens Governor J"1 Hoyt Secrecy J"1'" B"-l Audits.. E. P. Clara. Treasurer T.J Uuiler Mirveyor Gen. nil Julia Supreme Jlltl. First Llistri.t. .CMvf Justice C. r. W. French Second District DeForest Putter Third llistri. t C. A. Tweed Clerk Surrem Coutt Joseph Neutrass I". !4. Dislri t Attomey E. B. 1'uuimy L'uited State Uurstial W. W. Standtler le.uiy Marshal. 9; Uist H. V. McDonald Collector lu enial Revenue The. Cordis Register U. B. Ijmd)tti. escort, W. K. Kelly Florence CD. Fosten Keeeirer IT. I?. Land Office- Florence ' Rureles Prescott George Louut MAKICOTA rural OKI I ' Probate Judge V hi. A. Hancock Sheriff E. Mowry I'nuer Sheriff Joe '"" County Reorder W. F McNulty County Treasurer F. A. Shaw District Att.my John F. Alsap Clerk District Court-. John W. Shoemaker ( R. B. Carley. .1 lira. W. Buck. ( E.T. liargrave Supervisors. ck. largrave. rttlF.MX FKECIKIT. Justices of the Peace : J. V. Humours; and R. P HiUv-ds. Tampe Precinct H. Dunham Kichiuoad Precinct.. Andrew Lakery and J. 1. LaKue. Phoenix Post Office. Arrival and departure of U. S. Mails : From California. Eastern States and Arizona, every other day. To California, Eastern States and Arizona, every other day. Camp McDowellLeaves Mondays and Thurs days ; returns oa Tuesdays ami Fr.daya. BUSINESS CAIiDS. JOHN T AI SAP. Attorney and Counselor at Law, Phoenix, Arizona. AD. LEMOX. Attorney at Law. Office opposite Court rlouse.on Washinsrtnn St., Phoen j, Arisona. Prompt attention riven to all bnsiness entrusted me in the Federal and County Cour of the Territory. TVM. A. HANCOCK. Probate Judee, Notary ' Public and Attornev at Law. Lana bust- Public and Attorney at Law. I a speciality. JOHN E. KATI.0R, Attorney and Counselor v at Law, and Notary Public. Pboemx. Ari zona. W ill practice in all Courts of the Ter'ty. TTICKS & COX, Attorneys at Law, Phoenix, -tl Arizona. Will practice at all. Courts oi tlie;Temtory. JE. WARTOX, M. D., Offers his professi final tervice to the people of Phoenix and vicinity. Office at his residence, Phoenix. A. T. 0. H. P. SHEETS, M. D., rhrmicinn and Surirron. lhonix. Maricopa Co.. A- T. Office in Well. Farpo & Co.' Ex pres building. VenercU diseases a spc:alty. TTM. ISAAC, SuiTpyor and Civil Enirineer. 1 All work tniarumeed. Pnce reasonable. Orders left with the Pbueuix Postmaster will receive attention. MRS. A. M. JANES, Teacher of Voral and Instrumental M iic. Pbeonix. A. T. In Instntmeniul music the term embracinfc twenty- tour lcssvns. mar commence 1 1 any time. A class in vocal mustc i now beinjr organ i zed. Airency Prince Or trail, Knabe, Decker &. Inrine jriunos. jnstmmetiTS soia on lnsiaumem pan VRANKL1N SIcCLSKER, Attorney and Coanselur at I -aw, Prescott, Arizona. Will practice in all the Courts. Office with the Dis trict Attorney. A RAM, BRVNER & BUVNEU, Attorneys and Counse ors at Law. lrfcott, Arizona. A J. Bniner. Notary. Will practice in all the Courts. Special attftition piren to Mining Law and the er!ect:itK' ot titles to iana. "PITCH & CIirUCHIIX. Attorneys a d Counst-lors ut Law. Irvstt. Ariz-'CH. Will iractii-e in all ibe C' urts tf ihe Terri tory. Si'i;il att- utiu'.t t;iven to T.tctice in the hill ton:? 1 ottri; a m itiuii ff Law acu the per- i-ctii:r ut uxlvs To JuniL TOIIN IKAVAr.D. Auorny and Counselor " at I-aw, I'rescottt Arlzoua. Otfice, fcoutb 3tonteZuma St. TAl"L WLUER. Attorn r and Counselor al A Law, Prvscott, Arizona. J. DRUM. Attorney at Law. Will prac tice in all the Courts, l'rescott, A. 1. TLAKE &. CO., Awayers. Gold Dust, Cold and silver Bullion aid Ores of every des cription meJtea ana assayed All assays guar aiiiertl. Fiices of ore arsay : Si.ver and Oold, J; lead, ij J ; Copier, 5. Sum) It-S ran be sent by mail or express, and returns will be pn.mpt.y made, Ullice, with Welis, Fargo 4t v.o i rescoii. BARLEY WANTED!!! BARLEY WANTED!!! For which Cash will be paid, at the CITY BREWERY, BLACKBURN & SCIIULTZ, Prescott. A. T. ADVERTISEMENTS. E luvINE. J. A. K. Iutine E. IRVINE & CO., Dealers in GENERAL MERCHANDISE. Varlrfj Store?. Tirsisla Barata- Offer for Sale DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HARDWARE, TINWARE MEDICINES, Etc., Etc, Etc , Etc. At low rates FOR CASH DOW Jf. Come and see what we have and how we sell, whether you buy or not. HaTDE.N'8 FKBKT. HaYUEN's Fibhy. E. IRVINE k CO, NEW STORE ! ! NEW STORE ! ! AT . AT PHOENIX PRICES. 1-UOENIX l'HICES. CHEAP FOR CASH!!! CHEAP FOR CASH lit FARMERS, FARMERS, STOCK RAISER?, STOCK RAISERS, AND AND MINERS. MINKUS. Call and Satisfy Yourselves. ABVEIiTISEM ENTF. A. M. JANES, PIKENIX, Si-fI Store ami Tree I-pcl. A completo and Fresh Stock of Garden, Field and Flower SEEDS, Just received ; and full lines of Fruit, Shade k Ornamental TREES. Also. General Dealer in PROVISIONS AND FARM PRODUCE, AND COMMISSION MKKCHAXT. Orders by mail rece'iTe propmt attention. Sews! News!! News!!! At Geo. E. Loring's NEWS DEPOT. Furnishing Goods cheap for cash at the NEWS DEPOT. Fresh and Dried Fruits, Fancy Candy and Nuts. Plain and Fancy Stationary, Blank Books and School Books SMOKERS MADE HAPPY, at the News Depot. Jcwelry, Silverware, SpCCtacles and Clocks, Watches, Clocks & Jewelry REPAIBGD. Orders taken for IIAYDEN'S FLOUR, Alfalfa Seed fnr At the News Depot Well, Fargo fc Co.'h EiprrKu At the News Depot. COl'XTY ROADS. Ecpart or S'cad Commis sioners for 1877. For Tire IliiiMiiiz Of Wagon I5o:xl-i I'm ill I'lioenix T . !!. l'r soiit t ami Yu::i:i. To ins Hosouable, The Bonnl of Siqmrisnrs. 3Iuriv2ii Cuitnly, Tarilvry A rixowt. Gentlkmax: In ace jrduiicc with the refjwire- munts (if an Act of the Ninth Legis lative Asscinbly.apjiroved Fcluu-iry 9'h, 1ST 7, ciititk'd', an Act authoriz ing a loan on the faith and credit of the County of Maricopa, Territory of Arizona, and to provide for biiilu- ing a wagon road from Phrnnix in Maricopa County, to Globe City, in Piual County, and roads to Prescott, via Black Canyon, and via cf Wick- enburg, and road from Phu-nix to Yuuia via Agua Calientc : we have the honor to report as follows : DECLINED TO ACCEPT. The Board of Wagon Road Com missioners under the above Act, met in the Town of Phucnixon the 28ih day of February, 1ST 7, and there were nrt-sent John Smith and J. B 1J:ilton Xhe Board waB or?.anizcj by the election of -John Smith, as Chairman. Charles T. Hayden one of the Commissioners named in the Act, declined to accept office of Com missioner. CLERK EMPLOYED. The Commission employed J. T. Alsap, as clerk of the Board and then proceeded to locate the follow ing roads, viz., from Phoenix to Globe City, commencing at the north-east corner of the Town of Phoenix, run ning thence east oa section lines a distance of two (2) miles. And road from rhueuix to l'rescott via Black Canyon, commencing at the north-west corner of the Town of Phoenix, and running thence north on section lines a distance of two (2) miles. And road from Phoenix to Prescott via AVickenburg, commenc ing ut the north-west corner of the Town of Phoenix and running thence north a distance of two (2) miles. And the road from Phoenix to Yuma via Agua Calientc, commencing at the north-west corner of the Town of Phoenix, and running thence west on eectiou lines a distance of two (2) miles. THE ROAD FROM rilCEXIX TO YUMA. March 1S77. The Commission awarded to King S. AVoolsey, the contract to build the road from Phue- niv in "Viiiim Tt'i Aomih O.iliniito tn bc cora.(1,teJ 0I1 Orbefore the nrt day of June 1S77, for the sum of fifteen hundred dollars in County Bonds. THE ROAD ACCEPTED. It appearing by the repoit of one of the Commissioners who was ap pointed a committee of one, for the .purpose of examining the road, that tire said King S. Woolsey had com plied with his contract, it was order ed that the Bor.ds be issued in ac- cordance with said contract : and in accordance with said order Bonds Xos. 1, 3,4, 5 and C, of the value of tw0 llundied a"d dollars each issueu .caput lit", xoi i, neie ut'iiv- ered to said King S. 'Yoolscy and the road was accepted. SEALED PROPOSALS. June 3rd, lb77. The Wagon Road Commissioners ordered notices t0 00 Pnsted in three public places, i i . ., ii , auvcrusing mat scaiea proposals would be received on or before June 13th, 1877, by the Commission, in the Town of Phoenix, for the con struction of roads from Phoenix to "Yickeuburg and from Phoenix to Swillin's Ranch on thr; Agua Fr'a. to le paid for in County Bonds at thair j ar value. CONTRACT LET. On s.ii.l 13th d.iy of June, 1877, I the Road Couiin's.-ion met in the Town of Phoenix and proceeded to open all the bi's offered. J. II. Pici-goti off r'd t construct a ro.id f.om AYicke.ibir.-je o:i the weft side of the lla-s iyamj:a, running o;i t!:e line s lected by John Smith, ( i:u; of the Coiuiiiissi'jiK r.-) to the present trav-led load from Smith's Mill ti the Vulture Mine, for the sum of fifteen hundred dollars in County Bond. This Icing the only bid offered, the Board after careful examination oi me proposal oi . II. I ie:son, ac cepted the name and awarded him the contract. FROM I-IItENIX TO SWILLIXfiS ItAXCII. Th ii e bids were offered for the construction of the r ia l from Phoe nix to SwiUing's Ranch on the Agua Fria. The Board after mature delibera tion on the bids, awarded the con tract to Martin Thompson, for the sum of fourteen hundred dollars, in County Bonds at their par value. ROAD FROM WICKEXIIUIU; TO VUL TURE MINE ACCEPTED. October 4th, 1877. John Smith reported that J. II. Picrson had completed the road from 'Wicken burg as per contract of June 13th, 1877, and it was ordered that Bonds to the amount of fifteen hundred dol lars, bc issued to him and that the road be accepted. TOE ROAD FROM TIICENIX TO SHIL LING'S RANCH ACCEPTED. It was also ordered upon the re poit of John Smith, that Bonds to the amount of fourteen hundred dol lars be issued to Martin Thompson, be having completed his contract on the road from Phoenix to Swilling's Ranch on the Agua Fria, as per coii tract of June 14ih, 1S77. THE COUNTY B0XD3 ADVERTISED FOR SALE. July 14th, 1877. The Board of Road Commissioners, advertised the sale of ten thousand six hundred dol lars of the County Bonds, accord ingto law, but up to this date there has been no otter tor the lionds at the minimum price at which they can be sold, viz., eighty per cent of their face value. AMOUNT OF HONDS ISSUED, Herewith we hand you an abstract of the amount of Binds received from the County Treasurer and amount issued to the several contrac tors for builLng road-, the amount on of Bonds still on hand, date of issue of same, and amount of pres ent indebtedness of th-; Commission, AI1STACT "A." Roar J of Wio i Road Comiiii&doners of Mari copa County, in accouut with said County. 17. April lltii. To Bmiils issu.d. Xoi. 1 to 6 inclusive, .... 61,5 0 00 My lllili. 1 o ll,)i.ls l-siiea, N s. 7 toil;, incai.ire. - - - 5 .OiXUX) Nov. 30th. To lionds issm-d, Ncs. 2? to oil, iuclusire, - P. .VO 0 Total. - eli.ivo.oo CONTRA. April 11 ih. My IIuimU delivered to Kiiiff S. Wookey, - - fl.jOOWJ AU. l."lli. Hv Hutu! tit-live ed to .Marlitt 'hioinpMii, - - 1,400,00 Aug. l.'illt. It;' i;t,..tl tU-liveretl tti J. 11. 1'tt-r.oti - - l.jutt.uu Ofit. 4lii liy llttitt!. d. liver. .1 M J. 11. lt.i-t.iti, 1110,00 By nmotlnt ot Hoitd ou bun l tliiadute, .... lO.rjI'J.OO Total, tliOJU.CO ABSTRACT "B." Showing present iuilebieimcss of the Wagon Ro td Commission : To J. T. Altop, - - - - 6 81.00 J. 11 Barton, SMti Ml i:iti tw :m.ti 15 U.) ' Jolti SSniith, - W. II. Keyttolds, Julia WaMiu, Tout! in.tebtednesi to date, SoOt.liS It appeirs doubtful at present whether the Bonds ou hand cm be sold at the figure named in the Act, anJ if not, it will be impossible to complete the road from l'hocuix to Globe City. The completion of said road at an early date is, iu our opinion, of the utmost importance to our County. Very Respectfully, Your Obedient Serva tits, John Smith, ) p , Jerome B. Barto.v. ) om 1 YALEMIE S DAY. The Fourteenth Day Of February. How K IX'us -f-!irniMl In The I'il"(ri-ii'i ''iitiir- i Ere--nt 0!ri':iii. ValentineV d-.y, the 14th of Feb ruary, is, or nuve cerrectly was, cel ebrated in England, Scotl ind.aii'l in d!ffert nt pari:; of t';:e continent, par ticularly Lorraine and Maine in France, by a very peculur and amus ing custom. On the eve of St. Val entine, a number of young folk ma'ds and hat eh dors would as seiubl -. t.igether, and inscribe upon little billets the names of an eual number of maids and batchelors of their acquaintance, tl.- ow the whole in a receptacle of some sort, and then draw them lottery-wise care, of course, being taken that each should draw one of the opposite sex. The person thus drawn became one's valentine. Of course, besides hav ing got a valeatine for one's self, one became, by the universality of the practice, some other persons valentine ; but, as Misson, a learned traveller in the early part of last century, remarks, 'the man stuck fas ter to the valentine that had fallen to him, than to her to whom he bad fallen.' These imaginary engage ments, as may be readily supposed, often lead to real ones ; bee use one necessary consequence of them was that for a whole year, a batchelor re mained bound to the service of his valentine, somewhat after the fash ion of a medieval kuurht of romance to his I idy-1 ve. At one period, it was customary for both sexes to make each other presents, but lat terly the obligation seems to have been restricted to young men. Dur the fifteenth century, this amuse ment w as very popular among the upper classes, and at many Euro pean courts. "We see that in Charles ll.'s leign, married as well as single people could be chosen. For some time back, the festival at least in England and Scotland has ceased to possess the graceful symbolic meaning it used to have, and has become a considerable nui sance. 'The approach of the day is now heralded by the appearance iu the news dealers shop-windows' of vast numbers of missives calculated for use on this occasion, each gener ally consi-ting of a single sheet of post paper, on the first page of which is seen some rediculous-colored car icature of the male or female figure, with a few burlesque verses below. More rarely, the print is of a senti mental ki id, such as a view of Hy men's altar, with a pair undergoing initiation into wedded happiness be fore it, while Cupid flutters almve, aad hearts transfixed with his dart decoratj the corners. Maid-servants and young fellows interchange such epistles with each other on the 14th, of February, no doubt conceiving that the juke is amazingly good; and, generally, the newspapcis do not fail to record that the post-men delivered so many thousand moie letters on that day than they do in geneiLl. The connection of the custom with St. Valentine is purely accidental. In the legends cf the differ, nt saints of that uame recorded, uc trace of the practice peculiar to the 14th of February is found. In Bailey's Dictionary the follow ing explanation is given : 'About this time of the year the birds choose their mates, and probably thence came the custom of the young men and maidens choosing valentines or special loving friends ou that day. Advertise in the Harald.