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VOL. 1. TIKEXIX, SALT RIVER VALLEY, MARICOPA COUNTY, A. T., SATURDAY, MARCH 2, 1878. NO. 3. i RECONSTRUCTION Of The United States Mail Routes In Arizona Territory, AND SAVING UNCLE S-UI OVER $50,000 EVERY YEAR. THE INTERESTS OF A HAJCE ITYIOF HER CITIZENS IE . HAND IT, Which "Will Make Them Prefer able To Everyone As Regards Time and Distance. Some Farts And Figure Re garding Tlie Jlnrb Seeded Improvement. A great improvement in time, for the mails, and a saving of some thou sands of dollars in the expense of postal seirice iu tliis Territory could easily he effected by a few important changes from present routes. By the present line ou route, No. 40102, fioiu Prescott to Dos Paluias, the distance is two hundred and six ty miles according to the schedule of the service as published by the Post Office Department. A great portion of this route is over a heavy ar.Jy road and across arid deserts with LO'(J DISTANCES BETWEEN WATER for either men or beasts. When eervice begun on this route Dos Palmas was the terminus of the rail road pointing toward tLu Terrttoiy and also the point flir the discharge of all freight bound to Arizona. Now with the tei minus of the rail road within our borders, at Yuma, Dos Palm as has lost moet of her importance as a commercial point and ifl virtually only a mail station on the railroad. The route as be fore stated, is over a sterile desert country especially tbat part of it be tween Wiekenburg and Dos Palmas and as nearly all freight and mails for Arizona are now delivered at Yuma, it would be a great advantage TO THE BUSINESS MEN In all our principal towns to have the mail routes radiate to all such towns from Yuma. Such a change would throw all the mails and freights on the line of the telegraph and so our mail con tractors, merchants and others could be always in possession of knowledge as to the whereabouts of mails or freights, a matter of great impor tance not only to the class named, but to every citizen. The Southern Pacific miil hue from Yuma to Fort 'Worth, by way of Stanwix, Maricopa Wells and Florence in this Territory and Mes silla in New Mexico, is, between Stanwix and Florence, over a long stretch of arid sand with many miles between watering stations and a part of it ought to be abandoned, By dropping off that portion of it be tween the two points above named. (Stanwix and Florence via Marico pa Wells,) a GREAT 8ATINO WOULD ACCRUE To the Postal Service. To do this it would only be necessary to run the mail from Stanwix to Phoenix over the new Territorial road which runs up thj Salt River Valley over a good road bed and with water in abundance at intervals of but a few miles, and thence to Florence over the route now occupied by No. 40, 107; thus saving to the Govern ment sixty miles of tri-weekly ser vice on the above named route, By such a change several thousands would be accommoJatcd with a daily mail while the present line fa vors less than a hui.dred people. By this change Florence, Globe City and Tucson would receive their mails in as good time as is made at present. The town of GILLETT AND TIP TOP MINING CAMP, Must socn be supplied with a mail and the present tri-weekly line from : Prescott by way of Wiekenburg to j Dos I'almas should be abandoned between the two points last named and should run from Wiekenburg to Phot nix, and theucc a daily line to Gillctt and by way of the Black Canyon Territorial road to Prescott. This would make the actual distance from Yuma to Prescott over the new route proposed, two hundred and eighty-nine miles while.; the actual distance from Dos Palmas to Pres cott is two-hundred and niuty-seven miles, unijlt ana uie iiuuiDuguis tiict has now a population of about five hundred, and the number is daily increasing. It is therefore plain to be seen that the place MUST HAVE A MAIL SUPl'LY And it must have it soon. To recapitulate the changes pro posed; cut off the tri-weekly be tween Wickenberg and Dos Palmas an actual distance of 253 miles and put on daily service between Pres cott, via Gillett to Phoenix, a distance of 99 miles. Cut off the daily service from Stanwix Station by way of JLiricopa Wells to Flor ence, a distance of 1C0 miles, and run the daily mail from Stanwix to Phoenix and Florence, a distance of 103 miles, abandoning the pres ent tri-weekly route from Phoenix to Florence. On making such a change the sen-ice will be better aud quicker because it will be more direct, the interests of all parties will be pro moted, PRESCOTT THE CAPITAL OF ARIZONA Will have a tri-weekly and a daily mail over a better aud shorter road. Gillett, which must have a mail, will be supplied and there will be a great reduction in the expenses of the present mail routes in the Ter ritory. The saving on the aban donment of that part of tvi-week'y route No. 40,107 between Phoenix aud Florence will be $6,400 and by abandoning that part of route No. 40,102 between Wicken berg and Dos Palmas $25,000, ac cording to distance and expense under present contracts. .... Goldman's, the largest nier- chantile house in ccntnl Arizona, offers goods cheaper than ever. Maricopa has fifty stamps ready for operation, which places it as the second count j in Arizona regarding capacity for crushing ore. Mohave county heing first ou the list with 65, and Yavapai third with 47. ....Hardware, tinware, plated ware, &c, &c, at A M Janes'. THE ROAD TO HAITI NESS. If you would he happy subscribe for aud advertise iu the Salt Riyek Herald, help to build it up and it will help to build you up. Dou't get crusty and fly into a pas-iou if the priater becomes hard up for a little cash and asks you for what you owe him when you don't hap pen to have it in your pocket, but tell him just how you are situated and when you can pay, then be sure and come to tiiu: this will bejret mutual confidence between you aud the printer and both will be happy. Irvine has good towels for 25 cents each. PilOEMX. The County Scat (If Mar icopa Ccim.y. The Opinion !' Col. Ilinton Restrains 'Jills KiiiMtlli (rowing; Town. Phoenix, the county teat of Mar icopa county, is about two wiles north from Salt river, and is the business center of that highly pro ductive valley. It is also within thirt3 miles of important mining districts to the east. It was laid off as a town in 1868, and now lias ten or more stores, three flouring mills, a good public school, and other ad vantages. The houses are nearly all constrcuted of adobe, lumber be ing expensive ; the streets are named after Indian tribes and old Spanish explorers ; they are very wide, and bordered by cottonwood and other trees, which keep green all t'.ie year, as iu other valleys of southern Ari zona. It is abundantly supplied from the surrounding country, not only with ordinary agricultural pro ductions, but with fiuil, at prices in general very remunerative to the grower. There is a public library of 250 volumes, owned by a literary association. It is sixty miles from Florence, on the stage road from that place to Wiekenburg, Eliren berg, aud Pescott. Its population is now about 1,500, about half Mex ican. The temperature in summer ranges from eighty to one hundred degrees, aud iu winter from forty to eighty d g.-ecs. MEXICAN AFFAIRS. Items Of Much Interest Concern ing Our Sister Republic. i We obtain the following late items from the Las Dos Republics, pub lished at Tucson, a very reliable au thority on all matters relating to Mexico: General Davalos has arrived at Guaymasto take charge of the feder al forces in Souora. A contract has been entered into with C. Audredc, the representative of the fast line of steauiu.s of the Gulf of California, for service be tween Mexican ports aud Yuma. The Mexican Congress has au thorized the 1'resideut of that Re public to subsidise the lines of steamers plying between New York and Vera Cruz to the amount of S4,700 to touch at Erontera and Mataiuoras. The Governor of Sonora has or dered a census of the inhabitants of that State, which will indicate the number of cities, villages, ham lets, haciendas, etc. The sex, age and condition of each person, their profession aud education, aud whether they cau read and write. A bureau of agriculture will also be es tablished. Governor Marisc d has at his dis posal $:,000 of the first three mouths allowance that the Governor Geueral had given orders to the Custom house to provide to aid in the coustiuetion of the telegraph from Mazatlan to Ures. The ma terial is now cu route from New York, aud upon its arrival work will commence. Sr. Rivas, of Durango, will have charge of the cousti uetion of the line. Work will be commenced simultancorsly at Mazatlau and Ures, but the line will not be ex tended to the frontier for some time yet. It is estimated that to com plete the line from Mazatlan to Tuc son it will cost SSO.000, and if the State government and public spiiited individuals do not lend their assist ance to the enterprise it will he sev. erall years before it is couiplet d. SALT RIVER HERALD. PnM'shed every Saturday by the riUKNn PUULIS1I1NG COMPANY. C. E. McClintock ... Manager. Subscription Rates. One Copy one yrar Oue Copy nix mouths ' ne Copy hre mouths, Siule immbers $5 00 3 ISO . 1 50 15 Advertising Kate. One inch, one Insertion. $'2 00 Knelt SutBfiue:it iiitwrtion 1 00 Prit-hioual cards, pt-r quarter 4 00 Itn ineBs adveitisemoiitwat It educed Rates. OFFICIAL DIBI.CTOUY. TEKItJTOMAL OF I "EHS. DeV.r . to Coi:reis Hi: am S. Rtf-rens (;ov(fir - Jibn IV Httyt Seer 'ary Jt.l fc J ;t Audit.-r . ! Clark Tiwirer T.J. Hutler Survt'V'tr (lenrnil. ...... ........ . Juhn Vasou Snpri'ine Jiitlr. First litri. t. .Ciiirf Justice C. O. W. French N. roml LUtri-t Deforest Porter Tuird District C A. Twl Clerk Kurtn Court Joseph Neiita. 1". .S. i!tri't Attorney K. li. Tommy 1'nit.il Staff! Mar-hut W. V. St:imlilr i. pii'y M;trst..iJ. H. Dit H. C. McDona'd t'oli .,,r Intt-rtial Uevfime Thus, Cordis R-Ktct'T L. S. l-uml Otlit'e i'rs lt W. N. Kelly F.orene U. D. l'oslea Receiver V. iS. 1-and (Mtiee Kit-mine Rutrcles ivr-sCott. (ieore Louut MAKlCOt'A COLMY OKKI. KlUf. Probate Judge Win. A, Hancock Sheriff t-eo. E. Mo wry I'ti.ier Sheriff J Pliy County lUvrdrr W. F McNulty Com.ty Treasurer K. A. .Shaw District Attorn- y John T. Alsup Clerk D strict Court Joho V. .Shoemaker SR. H. Carley, E.T. llarrave. pikfxix ntrctMT. Justices of the l'tw-e: J. If. Ruinburg and II V Hi lard. Tme rrecinct II. Dunham Richmond 1-ieciuct. .Andrew Lay hey and J. U. LaRue. Phoenix Post Office. Arrival and departure of I. S. Mailt : From California. Kastern Suites and Arizona, every other day. To California, Eastern States and Arizona, every other day. Camp McDowell leaves Mondays and Thurs days ; returus vu Tuesduys and Fridays. RUSIXESS CARDS. JOHN T. ALSAP, Attorney aud Counaclor at Law, I'tiiieuix, Arizuua. A V. LESION. Attorney at Law. Office opposite Court llouge.on WustiinctoD -St.. 1'hornix, Arizona- l'ronipt attention ffiven to all lUMnuM entrusted me in the 1 ederal ana County Cour'i of the Territory. "U'M. A. HANCOCK, rruhate Judge. Notary ruhlic and Aitwrney at Law. Land busi ness a cciaiity. "JOHN E. N A YI.OU, Attorney and Counselor " at Law. and Notary I'uhlic. Phoenix, Ari zona. ill jTacticr in all Courts of the I er ty, JJICKS & COX, Attorneys at Law, Phoenix, Arizona. Will practice at all Courts oi the TerriUirv. T E. W'ARTON, M. D., Offers his professi " onal servioe to the people of l'hoenix and vicinity. Office at his residence, Phoenix, A. T. f II. P. SHEETS. M. D., Physician and Siirireon, Phoet.ix. M.iricopa Co., A. T. O til cm in S el!. Farpu fc Co.'s Express building1 Venereal d:es a specialty. "yM. ISAAC, Surveyor and Civil Engineer. ' All work (ruarauttred. Prices reaMinable. Orders left with tutt Phoenix Postmaster will receive attention. "fItS. A. M. JANES. Teacher of Vocal and lustra mental Muie, Phtonix A. T. In Iustruiueulut mukicthe term embruciiifr twanty tuitr It'HaoD.H. tiiur com me lire 1 1 any tim A ckiss is T(Kal mu&ic is now beinir nrtcanized. Ajfenoy Prince drains, Knabe, Uwker 6c Irvine I'lanott. lUfttrumeuiB sola on lusiallment plan J.-MIAXKLIN' MiCt SKER, Attorney and Ci.iuiaxlor ut I.nir lr.aii.ft ArivoniA Will pr.ictice in all the Courts. OlLce with the L)is- trict Attorucy. A 11AM. ItRL'NEU & BRUNEU, Attorneys and Counse tirs at Law. Prescott, Arituna. A J. Itrtiner. Notary. Will practice in all the Courts. Special ntieniit-n piren to Mining Law and the perlccttiig ol tides to land. TWITCH 3c CHI RCHILL. Attorneys and -- I '(itntU'torti lit 1 uw 1 .It Ariiiina Will practice in ail the Courts of the Terri tory. Spr.iu attntin eiTen tw practice it the Supreme Court; alwi Mtuing Law aud the per fecting oi titles to iauu. JOHN HOWARD. Attorney and Counselor - at Imvt, Prt-scotti Arizuua. OJlice, South Mont-zuuia St. J)At'L WEBER, Attorney and Counselor at Law. Prescott. Arizona. rv J. DRUM. Attorney at Law. Will prac tice in ail the Courts, l'rescott. A. T. JlLAKE A- CO., Assiiyers. Gold Dust, Gold " anu Oliver jiuiiion ana tre ul every des cri) titm melted and aswyed All aw-ays puar- nuti-eu. i'ns of ore umuiv : Silver and Gul S.t; Lead, ?3 ; Copi-er, Samples can be wiit by mail or express, and returns will be promptly made. C'flice, with Wells, Fargo 6l tUO., ITCSCOIU BARLEY "WANTED!!! BARLEY WANTED!!! For which Cash will be paid, at the CITY BREWERY, BLACKBURN & SCIIULTZ, rRrfriCOTT A. T. ADVERTISEMENTS. E. IllTlXE. J. A. R. lUTINE E. IRVINE & CO., Dealers in GENERAL MERCHANDISE. Variety Store, Tlciitla BamU Offer for Sale DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HARDWARE, . TINWARE MEDICINES, Etc., Etc, Etc, Etc. a At low rates ion cash iowx. Come and see what we nave and how we sell. whether yon buy or not. UATDEN'8 FERBY. Ea YUEN'S FEBBY. E. IRVINE & CO. NEW STORE ! ! NEW STORE ! ! AT AT PHOENIX PRICES. PHOENIX PRICES. CHEAP FOR CASH!!! CHEAP FOR CASH!! I FARMERS, FARMERS, STOCK RAISERS, STOCK RAISERS, AND AND MINERS. miners. Call and Satisfy Yourselves ADVERTISEMENTS. FLOUR! FLOUR!! You can bay tbabeat of FAMILY FLOUR, At the lowest price, at THE IIAYDEX MILLS, II a j den's Ferry, A. T. Thet a Water Mills that have been rua so 104 eesstully day and night lor two years, are situa ted in the center of the great tropical valley o Salt River, the granary of Arusona. Founded upon a rock above all probability of danger from flood, drawing their power with twenty -bree feet of fall from the highest snow-capped mountains of the Territory, their capacity can be increased with the wants of the people. A large run of FRENCH BURR MILLSTONES ue being added to their capacity, with other im provementa of the beat mechanical akilL With eztenaire granariea filled with the BEST OF WHEAT and Agenciea in the mining; and commercial oea ten. we defy competition, and effewall Caah Purchoaera the advantage oar facilitiee give oa CHA8.T. HAYDEN, BUCKBOARD EXPRESS, FROM PHEXIX TO THE TIP TOP. Fare, - $5.00 Or the Round Trip $8.00. EXPRESS PACKAGES taken at liberal i Leaves the Poat office at B o'clock every other I day. Odd daya in February. Connecting with aaudle """"' trutn mill lu mine. NEW BUTCHER SHOP ! ! JOHN KNAUS & CO, CORNER WASHINGTON AND CENTRE STREETSi "We are prepared to fur nish customers at reason able rates. HARRY "Dublin" SAYERS, Feed, Exchange and Sale STABLE. Accommodatiima for Horace. Hay and Grain alwaya on hand, and huraee well cared lor. A FIRST-CLASS BAR ATTACHED, Where "DUBLIN1 keepa the Best brands of Liquors and Cigars. T. ALSON, Corner Washington and Centre Streets. BOOT AND SHOE MAKER. Fashionable Boot and Shoe. Of the beat material, made to order ID elegant style. PERFECT FITS GUARANTEED. It7l rive bit entire attention te custom" made work, and 1 have every facility forgiving entire aatislaction. SEND IN YOUR ORDERS. BARBER SHOP. Shampooing, - - 50 cts. Hair Cutting, - - - 60 cts. Shavinsr. 25 eta. Or, all three for $1.00, Ia rear of Cotton's Billard Parlor. HENRY TIPPETT, Proprietor.