Conrluded f relit t 'u Firri i'-iy
mountains which wall up the vast :
plateau on which Tucson .situated j
are most ravishing and picturesque-, j
n Mm? riirlii anil at leant 50 or 60'
milea away, is a noble range of raoun- j would like to hear something from
tains which run zigzag along or near j this distant and as j et nearly un
til Souora line. 6u the left, and aUo j known territory, and as eastern capi
bout 50 or 60 mil' s from the main
road, is another lofty chain, looking
deeply, darkly and beautifully blue,
in its enchanting distance. The San
ta Catalis range is a detached spur
f 8?e latter, and stands like a Titan
sentinel over the city. This range
lias an immense break in it a few
miles e.-ssi f Tucson, and the- minor
gpnr i catTed thtr rtneon (corner)
mountain. The most euchrrnting and.
most wonderful of all the sights how
ever, is the mirage which often ac
companies sunrise in this section. I
gave your readers an elaborate des
cription last November of the effects
of this delightful illusion r.poi the
mountains bordering upon the Colo
rado river, and the effects here are
about the same. It is not uncommon
to see a whole range of mountains
prostrated to the level of the plateau
at its bas, or to assume the shape of
some grand castle or fortification, or
to tic transformed into a beautiful in
land sea. At times these same moun
tains may be seen suspended, seem,
ingfy, upon a fragile cord, or turned
Imtloin-side upward in midair. All
of these pi-.-tures must be seen to be
appreciated uo pen can faithfully
describe them. S. F. Bulletin.
THE PH(ENIX HERALD.
fiOSPEB ft McCUNTOCK
Matarday March , IH79.
The Enterprise has again changed
The Yuma Expositor announces
its early appearance in Phoenix.
The land office at Florence is still
closed to all entries from this section.
Head "taxpayer's" comments on
the situation in another column. The
writer of it is otic of our largest tax.
The Enterprise suggests that the
first territorial democratic conven
tion be held iu Phienix some time
The; road fo Maricopa "Weds is be
ing constructed by private subscrip
tion ana we do not think the Board
of Supervisors will Use one cent of
the money provided for by the last
"Taxpayer" writes as if the prop
erty in this county will not increase
in the nest twenty years, anil this, too.
In face of the fact that the property
in Maricopa county increased trom
four hundred thousand, in 1877, to
over seven hundred thousand in 1878.
Wk havn't the lighest idea that
any company will construct a line
from Maricopa to Prescott simply to
seeure the subsidy as that would no
more that buy the grease used in op
erating tin: line, and the buiness over
that section of Arizona will not re
quire a railroad for many years to
Hon. H. S. STevexs writes flo:n
Washinton to tfic surveyor General of
this territory that he had called on
the President in relation to his order
setting apart laud in this valley as
an Indian reservation. The President
was quite astonished at the effect ol
the order, aa was also Secretary
Scliurz, and both appear to he quite
willing to modify it, which Mr. Ste
vens is trying to have doue in the fol
lowing manner: Commence at a
point four miles above Haydcn's Fer
ry oh Salt river, and extend from
there tip as now specified in the or
der. The President stated that tke
recommendation setting off this land
came from General McDowell, com
manding division of the Pacific.
The construction of the road from
Gillett to the Tigar mine, for the
building of which a territorial ap.
proprialiou of 20,000 was made by
the last legislature, will prove of
more solid benefit to PhoeiJx than
any other measure that could have
been, introduced. 10 lion. . a. ; .
To Hon. W. A.
Jfcjwe. belongs the entire credit of its j
introduction and passage of the bill. ;
Mr. Ifcwe labored bard and earnestly j
for the successful termination of this, i
hia pet measure. Upon completion
of tbe road it will niakeeasy of ac
re from Phoenix the entire Brad
nil aw country, containing tb3 Tiptop,
Tigar, Peck and its many other rich
.mine of gold and silver. Heretofore
'all tbe.de of this district has en
'lered; by ,'ay of Prescott, and has
therefore bce toDtrolled by the mer
chants of thai .town. In the future
i'ho nx will be tjie supply depot,
owing to its closeness the railroad.
This measure was as bitterly opposed
by the Preseott members of tb legis
lature as the bill to remove the. capi
tal, but owing to the activity of Air.
jbwe and his untiring ami unceasing
Juboj- jn uj'blUaif U Vas passed.
The Vast, I'rrxcnt and Future.
Fi.oi.k-nce, A,T. Jan. 24, 179.
Thinking your numerous readers
tal U looking this way for investment,
I take the liberty to give them a few
facts through the aiediam of your
Arizona is to-day in embryo the
greatest mining domain of the Pacif
ic. I cannot give in this short letter
a detailed description of the manj'
bullion producing mines now in act
ive operation, such as the Peck, Tip
top, Tiger, Silver King, Stonewall
Jsa kson and many others that are
making regular shipments of bullion
and ore. Heretofore it has been im
possible to work what is termed low
grade ores, or ores that will work
from jJ.jO to .500 pur tou, on account
of high transportation and the lack
of skilled labor, but now these obsta
cles are rapidly disappearing.
The Southern Pacific raiiroad is
laying track up the Gila valley at the
rate of one and a half miles per day
and the Atchison, TopeKa and Santa
Fe railroad is rapidly approaching
our eastern boundary. Thus, our ter
ritory will soon be brought within
easy reach of the east and west, and
our mines will then create a greater
excitement Shan California in '49. As
yet our mountains are unexplored;
and many mines now discovere.l rank
as prospects when compared with the
tlrer, workimrs of the Comstock. but
as such prospects they vie with any ; bcr by those on the great Comstock
mines now on record, having paid ; lode; but on the other hand the com
richly from the croppings to the low- i parative yield of silver for each ton
est level, though sunk in the face of
ever difficulty, such as high trans
portation, Indiaa wars and scareity
of skilled labor.
But these difficulties are a thing
of the past. The Indians are al
I g.itheie.l on reserves at peace, and we
already feci the inrluer.ee ot the in
flux of eastern capital.with cheap and
As a general thing Arizona miners
are shy of San Francisco capitalists,
having been repeatedly swindled by
theui; for it is ail undeniable fact that
every Arzona mining property yet
placed on the market in San Francis
co has been the subject of a stock job
bing swindle, and the stock going in
to the sheriffs hands for non-payment
of labor, while iu every instance these ;
mines had proved of merit and should j
be paying handsome dividends on the
Your correspondent will describe
through a series of letters the differ
ent mining districts of note through
out the territory, and will gladly ans
wer any inquiries about them, made
through the columns of tbe Record,
he having had ten years experience
in Arizona, mid during that timetrav.
eled over nearly every portion of the
territory. Cor. Mining Record.
Salt River valley, whence I write,
and of which Phoenix is the business
center, constitute, no doubt, the finest
farming district iu Arizona. The
farmers raise here, with the help o
irrigation, excellent crops, feud ar
getting rich, as they find close at hand
good markets for their produce at re
munerative price. They are therefor
all right. I wish I could say as much
for the generality of miners iu this
section of the territory, of whom
there arc here a great number out of
employment, and not a few hard up
for the means for keeping soul and
body together. The newspapers by
their constantly blowing about the
great mineral wealth ot this territory,
the fine openings presented for miu
ers, etc, have caused more people to
come here than can find employment
or employ themselves to advantage.
The result is, we have lots of good,
industrious men willing to work for
their board, as maDy of them are now
doing in this valley, where there is,
of course plenty to eat. Another
cause of hard limes here has been the
failure of the McCrackin, the Signal
and the Golden Store mining com
panies up in Ilualapais district, which
after paying off their employees, and
other wa-s pushing into circulation
nearly a million dollars of their
worthless paper, closed down and
left the holders iu the lurch. Not
withstanding the big stories told of
the yield of the mines here, the Tip
top is, I believe, the only company
that pays promptly ; while there are
several companies here that are doing
remarkably well, a much larger intra-
doitiz but little, the irreat ma
joHty nothiu !lt an. There are good
nlilJCS ;lU ovei. t;s territory, but they
bave a(. prcsenti to be WOrked under
disadvantages that it is hard
to make them pay. When more
mills and reduction works ha?e been
introduced into the country, and the
railroad reaches the mining districts
the mines here can be worked with
profit. Until then mining will be an
nphill business, with some bis; suc
cessess and a great many failures.
Cor. Rural Press.
Jt st as soon as work is commenced
ou a new courthouse Phumix proper
ty will greatly increase in value. A
new building would not bo ready to
occupy under a year, and by that
time the present courtroom would be
! t'.-tally inadequate for the uses de-
manded of it.
The Si'ver Xugget Mine.
This mine is situated is the centre
of the celebrated Richmond Basin, in
Maricopa coipjty, and is remarkable
not only for the richness of the ore it
has yielded, but alo as being the pio
neer mine of this portion of the terri
tory, where the existence of silver in
large quantities was not more than
suspected three years ago. "When Mr.
D. U. Chilson, its discoverer first lo
cated his claim. Globe- City, now a
popular and active mining centre, was
not in exist ance, and the district
where it stands was virtually unex
plored. Mr. Chilson's discover)-, how
ever, was speedily followed by the in
flux of a busy mining population ami
several of the richest mines in Ariz
ona are now being worked in near
onroximity to the Silver Xugget. Of
these the Silver King is a well known
example. Though mining only a 3
stamp mill, and working on surface
ore, it is paying its fortunate stock
holders month fy dividends ot 30,000.
Another is the Stonewall Jackson,
from which four tons of ore scat to
San Francisco and milled by Captain
Dalghren, now chief engineer of the
Nugget mine, netted $06,000. The
Silver Nugget is also a remarkably
productive mine. The last few wag
on loads of ore taken from it returned
him $70r000; and though the mine is
but partially developed the ore in
sight is worth many millions, while
that now on the dump ready for mill
ing is sufiicie-t to to pay many large
dividends on the capital. Such an
assemblage of rich mines in so limit-
j eil space is only surpassed: in
j of ore is far higher in the Globe dis.
trict mines to which we have re'erred.
The president has vetoed the Chi
R, M. CARTLETT k CO.
LEASED THIS POPULAR
on Watiiugt'u s.reet, will t'I'eu
-II II.. .-I
to moriuir morning a
Tbetab will lie surplitl with the best the
market ,ifttrds. and ineui will be served at all
bon'S. 1'ioiupt uud courteous attention ex
tended to g-IIfStH.
Centrally located, beautifully shaded and
comfortably ai ringed
E. BROWN, IYI. D.,
rii.ywlcian ami Mtirseoti.
Orirat.io liseaaes a specialty.
I ' erehy give notion that mv wif. Minnie
Harr, has without cause alat donrd me. I
therefore notify a 1 rrsons not totiusthcron
niy account. s I will not pay any debts that
she mar hereafter contract.
JACOB B. HARRIS.
March 4th. 1879. 3t
For sale cheap, on reasonable terms,
a steam threshing machine, engine,
seuaralor, derrick forks and rigging
complete, mess outfit and tools, also
one set of 24 inch French burrs for
cracking wheat, barley or corn.
AVM. A. HANCOCK.
J. D. Monihan's
Washington St., between
Center and Cortez.
Best Livery IIorse3 and ele
gant vehicles at all times
Hay and grain always
Tb uiider'ijrnccl had Mist received a large aitl
complect uuurtment at
Wl.l.-h ara of a better QCA14TY sod will be
sold rhaaptor tbao at the
&ash factory in Prescott.
AI)ord-re promptly attend! t.
Adam ntreet uD-hall' bick north ; tl.e HER
LD 0!'.ce, Li. . COPJEIAXW. X.
Opposite the Postolfice.
Board per week - 7 00
Single Meals 50 cents.
ESS Every Morn lug.
Open from Hall pat Six A. SC. to Ten r. M
Dinners prepalred to Order.
The Hea Bread, cboicent CaVes and Pie frsb
?very day. 1. Trapct. SO
Jefferson Street, One Block West
of the Flouring; .11111.
The public nr rpupertfuHy inforwen that I
m now Bil prjri,ur f th-p S'R'-t'S
lro-wry. and timt 1 era mauutacturirg u first -cku
ALE aud POIiTEl!.
I ask a share of the pnblic patronage.
Northwest Corner Montezuma and
Smith & Woolsey - Props.
M A MT ACTC KE3-
Extra Family Flour,
CRACKI I WHEAT,
BRAS, SHORTS, Etc.
All of which is kept con
stantly on hand for sale
at Lowest prices.
This mill is supplied with
new and improved ma
chinery, and second to none
for manufacturing a choice
Uberti Price paid for Wheat.
T H E
Brought to this Market.
We can give the People
better Inducements and
sell better goods than any
house in the Territory.
X. B. Our Store is lo
cated on the Xorth side of
the Pla a the larsrestl
1 "11" ril
CHEAP CASH STORE.
Removed to tbe Walters Building- on Montezu
ma .Street, next aowr to tL
Th Attentiou of the Public is called to 1113
well selected atock of
DRY GOODS, CLOTHING.
BOOTS fc SHOES, GROCERIES.
LIQUORS and PROVISIONS
Which I propose to sell ou the Lave and Tet
Live principle. A word .0 the w"s is Suffi
cient. Jl'Ml'S HAMTEK.
Montezuma Street one door above the libit
J. M. COTTON
TAKES THIS METHOD OF INFORM
injj bis friends and the public that biff
are always supplied with the
The comfort and enter
tainment of patrons will
be studied by the proprie
tor and attaches.
ftemovalfiP ionesr Store.
Corner of Mnrlcopa and Jefferson
Having now moved Into more C'ommodlonn premise our ftteilitlexfor
nupplj ins the trade are unsurpassed by any other lioune in urllae
jn the Territory. We cordially invite buyers of all clawMei to call
and examine our firoods, reeliujs confident that we cam afford to jrlve
them better value than by purchasing; clcswher.
Have on hand a select stock of OKI "Bourbon anil Rye Whiskies, Brandies,
Gins, Rums, Port, Sherry, and Maderia Wines. Champagnes, Clarets,
gautcrncs, Liqueurs, Bitters, andjEVEKYTiiiMO appertaining to the
Sole agents for Arizona for the Celebrated CHAMPAGNES of Perinet &
IMPORTED AMD BOSV3ESTIC
Which they invite buyers to call
I i J 1 il I lilt (it: ri iii t; ai i v .
I ... ,
II. L. PERALTA,
To make? Room for the goods on the
As I bare facilities for purchasing everythiner in my lioe at the lowest market market
price, I can safely say that no house iu the Territory can atiortl to sell goods at tbe LOW rates t
fercd My motto is; Quick Sales And Small Profits. I can fornUh the Famer
the Teamster, the Miner and all others. C line and see and satisfy yonrselves.
Flour and crain delivered to any poiu
added. Orders solicited
Successor to A. Goldberg,
Highest price paid for all kinds of
country produce, Hides, Grain, Wool
Orders from the country solicited
and satisfaction guaranteed.
GOLDBERG &. SON.
Xear the new hall of Woolsey
and examine anil compare prices with
Retail Dealer in
than any Store In Town.
iu the Territory at Cost with freight
M. L. PERALTA. nSGtf
HAVE OI'ESED ON
Washington street, west of
A la-ge and splendid stock tit
M E R C II A N D I S E .
Which they ofi'er to our
citizens at the lowest pos
Every one is respectful
ly invited to call and exam
ine our stock and prices.
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