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the rna-LVix herald.
HE3II-WBEK1-V KBITIOS. 60SPER McCUNTOCK Proprietors. WrftwNftity March 19, :1N7. Thk new pension bill gives vete rans of tlic Mexican war a. back pen sion of $90 per annum for tUc iast 32 years. Quite a windfall for them. $3,072 to each pensioner. eitheu the General of the anny nor hia wife have been ill. The Mrs. Sherman who has died is the wife of Brevet Major-General Thomas V. Sherman, who resides at Newport, anil who, we believe is on the retired list of the army. By reference to our dispatchrs it will be seen that Acting-Governor Gosper lias appointed lion. J. 1). Kumburg of Maricopa county as a prison commissioner, vice J. Colling wood, resigned, lie is one of our oldest citizens and a man well quali fied to perform the duties attached to the office. In him Arizona secures au excellent official. To be at par with gold, silver must be worth 5td per English standard ounce. Silver has not been at that valuation since 1875. In July 1870 it was as low as 4 -iJ, equal to 1.01.8. Since then it has been as high as57;':i, -which was the rate on the 1st of Feb ruary 1878, but for the past year it has not been above r5d, while at times it lias fallen below -19d and is now quot ed "at 49 'a- As arangement has bee n made be- j tween the Union Pacific, Kansas Pa-j title and Colorado Central railroads j for s pool, by which the Union Faci- j fic will have control of the Kansas ; Pacific, Hie receiver of the latter road ; retiring. The principal inducement o- . ; r.r il.ia arrangement is said to be the : ... - ; speedy extension of the Colorado j p.ntril from tJeoro-ntowe to Leadvillc ! . .... o ' and thence into Arizona by way ol j the San Juan mines. The Bulletin says "you may look j . .1. r. over many country journals 101 years without learning anything of of the resources of parts of the coun try where every fact ought to be set down bv the home paper, lucre aic half a dozen'country papers in Cali- j fornia which have dealt specially with j cvcn Kuck stratas are composed of ho-ne resources. As for the rest, they wjlal j,.iS 1,0.,! soft mud, loose jravel, :.-.i. .el. .. . . are sencrally barren 01 mat miiu ; information v.hich ought to be the most prominent feature of the ,oeal journal." And in this connection we I would state that the Herald is tne 1 best "local" journal in Arizona; and our readers of the past year will bear j t' 1....... ' us out in the assertion. 11c mm- ; done much to attract attention to our many and varied resources. And the Herald claims, and justly too, much credit for the present state of content ment and prosperity in this section. 'XHR lUlUire Ol lTOOCHrtUA 1 Co. has developed to much greater .1 .. c . - uinientions man t msi buii'.u. .r.r.,i ovnintnxlion reveals the fact that the assets amount to but 1"0,000 of which 7-5,000 is in the stock and the balance in the book accounts, note Tic. The liabilities arc placed ,t Mr 1.000,000. The greater part ! of the assets were assigned to credi tor previous to the announcement of the failure, and as much of the assets weradue from retail houses which inv failed, there will be an ad- i ditional shrinkage of the assets of 50 nr cent, or more. S. Rosener, on be halt of John W. Mackey, who was involved to the amount of 100,000, has garnishced sums due Godchaux & Co. from interior houses iu eight counties, and other creditors are gar nisheeing debts wherever due. The Bank of California is the latest suffer er, but the cashier states the amount is small. A new enterprise is about to be uu .1 ;n il.ia Territory bv Messers John Kelly, formerly of Oakland and well known as a prom men u ..u" wealthy cattle dealer, and David Balsz, whohaslived lougtnough in Arizona to know every turn of the country, and who has been more or less con nected with Jive stock for the jiast tbirl v years. They are about to star a wholesale beef business for the pur pose of supplying fat cattle to every part oi the Territory and at every season of the year. Theyhave already oee.ured gooil range in northeastern Maricopa County for 2,300 head of rattle, and arc making arrangeimn's for obtaining more, so that they can lor omaiiiins - ,i -i ... iirai etoi-Ucnouoh on hand to be" able to all demands Their headqttarteiswiH beatriuenis, where all ortlera (or cattle or beef will ic. ceive hnmediate attention. They liaTe ample capital, no end of energy, nd are determined tocommand trade hv reasonable prices. nucux.v. they can not sell cattle they will pro" -bly butcher. Grass is always good in l-astern Maricopa, and stock is al ways ft there. The opposite con dition occurs every w inter in Calitor nia. AVith completion ot th rail- roadtoMrr.copa " " " l be flipped to California, as well as u ran from Nevada ami better beet. . ... ,...i....r..-ir. lm every tusur- or it Kt'iiooi.s. And "What Our Scholar liable of oing. arc t'a- Every Friday is composition day at our public school, and of those sub mitted the best two are selected by Mr. Conrad, the principal, mid will be published in the IIf.kau). The fol lowing is written by a scholar aged Xext AYednesday one by Miss Virginia Liuville will be published: The Crust of the Earth. BY THEO. M. I.EMOX. It is supposed by our wise men that at the beginning the earth con sistcd of a mass of molten matter in a state of intense heat. As time passed on it gradually cooled by the heat radiating and passing oft" into space; the surface cooled first and formed a crust. That part of the earth which has become solid by this process of cooling, is what we call the crust of the earth. Heat sepa rates the particles of matter in all 1 , - 1 i UOUICS ailU to make them tluid or soft. Cold is the absence of heat j , . ... 1 .. .,11 h..:,i ! substances. The crust of the earth like the shell of an egg, but it covers a mass of intensely' hot fluid matter. This crust is supposed to vary from twenty to two hundred miles thick. wne ttrooi liiui me iiimuc ui im- , - earth is hot, is the fact that in deep j the fence shall be at least two icet mines the heat increases about one ; big" fnm the top of the embank decree to every filly or sixty feet in I mcnt of the ditch. Said fences in all depth. At the depth of fifty miles i cases to be substantial and reasonably the heat would be sufficient to melt ! strong, and made so close that horse s all known nek. The internal heat j mules, asses or horned catt.c : can not does not extend to the surface of the I get their bead, through it. A lawful earth except on .-ccasions of earth- fence of hedge shall be at least five ........ . .. . :.. ti. ! feet hiirh and sufficiently high to turn One nroof that the uiMde ot the OU-IKCS ailU VOlCillllC l l lil'li.'itr.. a nv. greater part of the soil is composed of what in former ages constituted the bodies of animals, trees and plants, mixed with mineral sub stances. The earth's crust is cou- s(.lnt)v unHergoing change, owing to ,,. ot- ai, w.,ier and heat. me agc-itc) m .111, ..v..... .. . ... -,.. n, i,.- ! ViniUUL' l Mll'Jiui: i" ' ' " 1 of tUe ciust. The quality of , , .1 (i, I onr soriiiir waiei iieieii.ia . .1.0 or nil : through which it flows. That which j .Utnnn rock is softer ! auil .,,, er than that flowing through ; limestone strata. Stratus are layers line ol 1 uma county ; mem e soiuu of mineral substance. The direction along said eastern line of Yuma of the strata or layers would be hori- 1 county to the point where the south zoutal and parallel to each other, but ' ern line of Maricopa, county inter tl,e o:.i ih interior forces have raised sects such line ; thence eastward along (1C stluta iu parts making them uu-! si,ells. vegetable and animal uouics. Vhen;and first emerged rom the , watL.r it -,Vas not then as it is now, ciljicr ; c-(Cnt or form ; it was not aII raisc( at once, but ;tep by step, as j everything has since God first began tllis WOnderful world. Small points . 1 i-i 1 11 -. ... . wcle projected wnicn graouauj jo.-e ihi'dier and extended more widely. according to the pressure of the forces beneath. These parts after remaining at the surface for maiiy cenlurics, were again submerged and their great masses of vegetation IICCS, SllIUi.O onw i-i......-, vv....- covered over with gravel and sand, 1 . ,1 ..ol Tli rlifTornn trees, shrubs and plants, became and turned into coal. The different coal beds. Ivins one below the other, !how how often that part of the sur face was above the water level and covered with vegetation. In Xpva Scotia there have been discovered nineteen parallel seams of coal, showing that the land has beetrsub merged and then raised nineteen times. The crust of the earth is one great storehouse from which we daily draw fresh supplies. From the j rjijS t,f the hills and mountains from the generous and hidden recesses of earth man is ever thawing the nec essaries and comforts of life. The miner abandons the beauties and comforts of home, perhaps leaves loved ones in a distant land, adopts a rough . garb and encounters many haldsliips, nay, dangers, that he niay dig into the bowels of the earth and bring forth its treasures of yellow gold and pale silver, mediums of prosperity and comfort in every land. The hauly coal digger, whose face is 1 th(j color of night and whose gar ments are anything but beautitul, works in deep and dangerous pits, sending up coal great black masses which will make comfort in thous- ! amis of homes, and by the warmth of I which bright eyes will sparkle and sweet music fall. March 14th, 1".0. TKAVKIj. Arrival anil leparture or !Stae Iaens;er List. From Maricopa (making close con . ii,,,. ith Tucson and end of rail- , in.i) (l;.ilv. arrive 9 a. m.: leave lor J prC5COtt, via "Wickenburg, 0 :3(. j FroIU prttSCott via Wickenburg, 12; to Maricopa, 12:.'!0. To Trescott, via j Gillctt, every Monday, AVednesday j anj Friday, at 7 a. m. ; arrive every j Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday at ;1p.m. JO iiu"' ...ja..u..w., i.. a week. Gko. E Loiunc, Staire Agent. Arrangements are already being made for etlecting a transfer ot the : southern terminus of the Prescott i i',i, a rcf.tn A"i i in :l to (iila l.end. IrT Jan.es Stewart has a building , J)os Vnms which .e to ; ,)e .lken to (.ila jlend, for a stage i r.tiife ns soon as a railroad station is The Fence Eaw. The following law was iiitio.luecd by lion. J. T. Alsap. An act to amend an act entitled "an act concerning lawful fences and animals trespassing on premises lawfully enclosed in Maricopa county,' approved February 9th, 1ST7. .v ,7,j Hip h nixlntJrc Anscm- i JI. tl t Mm . 11 ..... . ' - lily of ths territory oj Arizona: Section 1. An act entitled "an aot concerning lawful teuces and animals trespassing 011 premises lawfully en closed in Maricopa county," approv ed February 9th. 1877, is-ereby amen ded as follows: Sec. 2. Section one of said act is amended so as to read as follows: Skc. 1. All fields and enclosures in Maricopa county, except in that por tion of the county in this act espec ially exempted and relieved from the orientl ion thereof, shall be enclosed with a fence composed of posts and rails, posts and palings, palisades, or rails alone laid in the manner com monly called a worm fence, or turf with a ditch on either side, or wall of rock or stone tourtect high, or 1. n.aoe nf mils, nlank or ihiIcs it shall be r,,iii. nnil mw.lialf fccthiirh. If made upon the embankment of a. ditch, a lawful ditch shall not be less than four feet from the bottom of the ditch, and the ditch shall bfl at least two and one half feet wide at the top and tock. Skc. !i. Section nine of said act is amended so as to read as follows Sue. 9. This act shall not apply or ; be in force in that portion of Marico- j ia count v included in the followin; lines, to wit: Conimcncinjr at the - ,, lnvntt rnrncr of the military res " - ervatioit of Camp McDowell, in said , ..,,,1,. nt M'lricinw tic the said res- ..wimj v.. ...... . vation is now established, and run- ning thence westerly to the well at Calderwood's station on the Agua Friu river, thence west to the eastern the southern line of Maricopa conn- : ty following all the changes ot di- 1 rcction of said southern line in Mar- !. ... f....i;(i lino icopa couiiu wniuimui. , h in,Vf begTnninjr? .01 beginning, 4. This act shall take illect . in force from and aft r die 1st. iind b day of October, A. IX, 1ST1. For Sale. Cine (0 share in the Grand Canal Company. Apply at the Fikkmx 1 Ui; A!.i"ol!kc. O'J-tf. 'collate Xotlee. j In the Tr'alP Curt of M:rifia .'oniity, in : tti(T TiTiitfiry ol Arizona. In th nutler t'f the estate Pf Phillip Klotr, derear.rtl. lunM:int l nn order of the (.aid enurS. made on t!ie 17tb day of Jlareh. A. Jl. I K7l', i otiee i herein- t'ivrn" that Mondor. the 21 dy or ApriL l?7:l. at 11) o'clock of said day. at the court rtoin of said court, in the town of 1 becnix, in the said county of Maricopa hare been ap pointed as the time and place for proving the Trill of said Phillip Klotz, deceased, ami for hearing the application of Charles Goldman for the issuance tu him of letters testemenrary, when and where any person interested may nppear aud contest the same. WM. A. HANCOCK, Trobate Judcre and ex-otficio Clerk. Dated March 17th, lc7'J, 'itftf lclliiiiieiit .otiee. Grand Canal Company: Lwation of principal place of business, I'hcuix, A. T. Location of Canal Salt River Valley. There are delinquent upon the following des cribed stock, on account of assessment No. l-i, l..vie.l on the 4th dav of Fcbruai v, 167!l. the several amounts set opposite the names of the respective shareholders, as lollows : Names. No. of Certificate. Amount due. 1! J Cartwright, 12, rW 20(H) J M lirvan, 18,1!1,S0, 7-V 7:t. 74 4. 40 K K Btiker, 2:), 77 20 10 Hardenbiirsi Bovier, !!, 95 20 00 Mrs E I. Martin, e 00 Reeve. K UartwriKht, 13 inni Thomas Brock man, fi3 10 IW And in accordance with law and an order ot the Board of Directors, made on the 4th day of Februarv, 187'J. so many shares of the sa:d stock as mav be necessary, will be sold it public auctioa. at the ollice of the Company, Washington s'reet, l'hetiix, on Tuesday, the ."!h day of March, 167!), at the hour of 10 o'clock, a. m., ol said day, to pay said delin quent assessment thereon, together with the costs of advertising and expenses of the sale. VOL A. HANCOCK, Secretary. The above sale is postponed until the 22th, ai :ue same nuiu rti.u j.m.-c. WM. A. HANCOCK. Secretary. 6l CO. HAVE OPENliD ON Washington street, Avcst of Gurdiner's hotel, A lage and splendid stuck cf General M E 11 C1IAXD1SE. Which they oflev to our citizens at the lowest ios !ible prices. Every one is respectful ly invited to call and exam ine our stock and prices. j !N En' A 1 )YEKTI SEM i:; TS. MISCELLANEOUS. The REGULATOR'S STORE ! ELLIS, ASHER & CO. Regulates Prices -OF- EVERYTHING Brought to tins Market. 'e can give the People liottov Inducements and . better goods than all) l10,lse J,, the Territory. Ellis, Asher & Co. ST. B. 8ur Store is lo- j , c;lteu Oil tJlC rsOl'tll SlllC Ol j . ui.,.. tl,n l.nwst i building in Town. inoval! J. Samter's CIIEAr CASK STORE. Itetnoved to the Wiilters Tlufldln'r on Montczn ma Street, next dowr to tLo Printing OUice. The Attention of the Public is cai'.ed to my well selected stock of DI5Y CiOODS, CLOTHING, BOOTS SHOES, GROCERIES. LIQUORS and PROVISIONS Which I propose to sell on the Live and Let Live principle. A word .o the wse is Sttffi cient. JIM IS SAMTKlt. Monte7.nma Street one door aDovu iuc iir. AT.II Ollice. E. BROWN, M. D-, Physician anil Surgeon. Chronic and organic diseases a sp"ciality. J. D. Monihan's Livery, Feed and Stables. Sale Wn sli in o f nil St.. be'-Aveen Center and Cortez, Best Livery Horses and cle- n-.int. vol lie I os at all times q"" " Horses boarded. Hay and on hand. grain always JOB riilXTIXG. HERALD Job Office. 'amphlets, Receipt Books, Dill Heads, Letter Heads, Legal Blanks, Ball Tickets. All Klnrts of work for Canal Companies. Flyers, Programmes, Circulars, Wedding Cards, Business Cards, Labels, etc. PRINTING DONE TO ORDER, With Xtntnc and Diptth. vrux THE Most.Ilenisonablc Terms. AND AT THE LOWEST CASH RATE. TUCSON, SOLE AND ALEXANDRA John Wholesale I'orner of 3Iaricoia and Jcn"eroii llavlns now moved Into ...ore Conunodion i,.en.ies our -ilitif ? "ul inKtl.r trade are nnsnrpaed by any otl.er l...e in o-rl..e rr'the T;,ritory. We eordialty invite buyer- of all rla-r and examine o..r KOO.ls.feelinseonHde.it that e ran afford to Bl thrm better value than by imrehasii.s elcsw here. Have on hand a select stock of Old Bourbon and Rye Whiskies, Brandies, Gins, Rums, Tort, Sherry, and Maderia Wines. Champagnes, Clarets, Sauternes, Liqueurs, Bitters, aud;KVKHTiiiNO appertaining t.i the LIQUOR BUSINESS. Sole airents for Arizona for the Celebrated CHAMPAGNES of Feriuet Si Fi Is, Reims. IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC AVhich they invite buyers to call what they are paying elsewhere. ioneer M. L. TERALTA, AVholes.de and Uetail Healer iu General Merchandise. To make Koom Tor thestoort on tlie way, lam SELLING L0WEII ! than any SStore In Town. A. I have filitie. for ,,u.ol,aSig ev.rythinff in my line at the lo:t inttrkrt mrkel H,rfc" I can satelv say that no hoUSe in the Territory can .ffiml to sell Soods a. th. I-OW rate. f1 .' .. ".. n..ii 5l And Small Profits. I can furutli lUe I rnwj erea. Jiv mot.u it-i v-'"" w he Teamster, the Miner and all others. C Mue Plour aud cram delivmed to any added. Orders solicited THOROUGHBRED Poultry and Berkshires Largest Stock of Im ported FoavI on the Pacific Coast. Carbolic Powders, &.C., on hand. My Berkshire Breeders have been i-'.Vis'El" Y ' UV -real expense. I will sell a limited number ot choice pi0 l fo advertise my stock. 1 am also breeding Poland China Figs ! From stock imported direct Trcm the Magec Company. Letters of inquiry, inclosing stamp, chccrfullly answered. Address AVILLIAX Importer and Breeder, Los AugcKs, cui. j-3afc arrival of fowls and PHtENIX, AGEXTS. ail & Co. Liquor Dealehs Street Phoenix . S. and examine and compare prices with r e and see aud satisty yourselves. poin in the Territory at Cost with freight ,u.i,i.a. General Tacific Coast Agent for Amekicax Poultuy Feed. It will make your hens lay and prevent disease. tgs guaiauteed.3 6T-U' THIS new i-iiiMi'"- - i;M ? ance of success. Hentiru-l.