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VOL. 3. XO. 17. WHOLE XO. 93. PHCEXIX, MARICOPA COUNTY, A. T. WEDXES DAY, JUXE 11, 1S7D. XEW SERIES XO. ' 24. THE LB The Herald. Published eij Saturday and Wednesday. GOSPER &. McCLINTOCK, mopRiETotis. Kates: One copy one Tear. - - -One cony nix month. - -By carrier, in tfha-nix. pr month. Advertising Rates )nf inch, one insertion. -SCach aubsefinent insertion. Professional cards, per mouth. - CnARLK W. Chase is our Authorised A sent in San Francisco. $.- Ou i : iOcts S-i m i l so PROFESSIONAL. II. R . PATBU K, Civil Knsrineer Depnty U. S Mineral Surveyor for Arizona. Orncs With W. A. Hancock Phsenii, MISCELLANEOUS. P h oen ix H otel. Washington St.. between Maricopa aid Pinia si reel si. CLEAN BEDS And Well Ventilated Rooms By the day or night. Rest or Arrominodations f aiui lies. Tor MISCELLAXEOCS. MISCELLANEOUS. A. T. II. H. HAYKS. Attorney and i ounwelor at Law Phoenix. A. T. All kinds of Legal Business promptly attended to. bkxj. 3ii;;ax. Attorney and Cosnsflor at I.am', Tucson. Arizona. All law bnsiness will receive prompt and careful attention. A SHOWER BATH connected with the Hotel for the convenience of gie-os and the public generally. I. J. GARDINER. FRESH Beef Cattle AGENCY Bank of Arizona, PIICENIX, A. T. Telegraphic or Night Exchange Drawn on the Principal Cities of the United States aud Europe. TTILL PURCHASE OR MAKE ADVAN ces on C.uld and Silver Knilion. Terri toiial and County Honni and Warrants. Dis count Commercial Paper, reeeive Depi-sit re payable on demand, undertake Collections and transit a reneral banking business. 'lfice hours from 9 a. tu. to 4 p. m. T.ltf M. W. KALES. Cash ier. I SKJRROW & MCKENNA'S SALOON E. IRVINE CO. A NEW On Washington street, in the old Capital building, has been Refitted .ud Rmrniftlied, Making it the Phoenix. moot attractive place in J. A. ZABRISKTE. B. II. HEREFORD. HEREFORD & ZAIIKIKIK. Attorn and Counselor at Law And Notary Public. Office on Myers utreet, opposite Palace Hotel. Taxson." Arizona. R. I,. ROSSOX. M. I rhyoirian and M u r s r o n . (Graduate of the University of Va.) Offer his professional en1re to the pieopleof Phfrnix and vicinity. Office X. V orner Wahinon and Center Street, op posite the Post Office. V. If. COX. A. C. BAKER. f A BAKER, Attorneys at Law, Phoenix. A. T. Office, np-etair. in Capital building, on "Wartbington -street. WHAflTOX JL HHF.ETS, rhyHicianN and rSarseoim. Will attend professional rail at any hour of the dav or nijrht. Oillce east side of the plaza. O. If. P. Sheet. M- D.. late of Kuu. S'pv.: J. E. Wharton, M. D.. V. iS. Medical Examiner. J. W. HTKPUKiOV Attorney at La w. PIKENIX, MARItXPA COCNTr, ' ARIZONA. j 11 A It K V K. JO K:-i. Attorney and ocnr!or at Law. . Phteair. A. T. OfSce npntairs in Capital builuin;, Vab- ; imtoii ;rect. "ITTE RESPECTFULLY INFGKM THE 1 Retailer? of Arizona that we are prepared to lurnUh on hoof Fat Beef Cattle, at any season, in any quantities, and at the Lowest Possible Price. The cattle are at the excellent grazing country around Tonto Bain. and in good condition. We will furnish the retailer in this sec tion with Dressed JSeef from our Slaughter Houses, north of town. Orders solicited. ALT Z A KELLY, Phoenix. Big Bug Station, YAVAPAI CO., A. T. 27 Elites from Prescott and SO 31 iles from Phoenix, on the ltlack Canyon Road. Havinjr purchased the above station, the traveling public will always find meals, grain and b:iy at all times. A bar, with a good stock of liquors on hand. KXyER.MAlXCEY & CO. PHCENIX ART GALLERY, Southeast Corner of Plaza. TT1E UNDERSIGNED. HAVING COM pleted his new Oallery. is now pre pared to execute all work in his line in the best style and at reasonable rates. A complete assortment of ARIZONA SCENERY always on hand. A full line of Picture Frames and Mould ings. Pictures framed to order. G. H. ROTHROCK. The Parlor adjoining contains earner ca pable of amusing the most fastidious. FURNITURE ! The undersigned has on hand a large assortment of " Furniture and Upholstery. DEPARTURE. THE PHCENIX HERALD JvDlTIO.V Wednesday. June 11, 1S7. STATE OF SONORA. its Great Mineral and Grazing Resources. Also manufactures to order FIXE CABINET "WARE, DOORS. WAINSCOATING. AND OFFICE FITTINGS. Eastern made chairs constantly on hand. On Washington street, adjoining the store of Nathan Az Co. 67-tl A. COEKA. Livery Cash Down Or No Sale WE WILL nAYE TOE PAY OR KEEP OUR GOODS! Washington street adjoining the Phenix Hotel. son Etaot and Shos Maker. J. K. X l U LAM. Architect and Saprrintendrnt . Flan, specifications anil ttMimtttes car- preparen. Oihce with Pre. hneein V idf oi tilt yijiza. full hartou. east if. L. CO.WKIW. Phyiirian and Murgeon. (Late of Visalia. Cal.) Office on Washington street, two doors from Montezuma. V anhir.cton street. attjoininc the tore of Castaiieda. Fashionable Roots and Shoes of the bet mult-rial made to order in elegant style. Perfect Fits Guaranteed. I ive my entire attention to custom made w.-rk. nl I have every facility for giving entire nat is faction. Send in your orders. The United States BREWERY, Wishes to inform the public and lovers of good LAGER BEER. That they have reduced the price of! bottled beer, to ' Three Dollars per Dozen, I In order to allow the poor as well sis j the rich, to obtain a beverage hiirhly i beneficial to health. I K. WRHRFSETZ I.ats of Sclt I.aVe Titv ti-rvm-. ! White & Walters' Morses Boarded by the lt eet or Slontli. Day JI L1C H . VAfiLY( K, Attorney and Counselor at Un McMillenville. Maricopa Co.. A. T. Will practice In all the conrts of the Terri tory. . JUII T. A I. HAH. Attorney mm. Coanarlor at Law, j Pho?nix. Arizona. All hninean prontptlv attended to. Office : with the Jitriel Atsornev. rtoiiTZ jrsE. sotabt ruDLtc. WM. A. HAM OCK. Attorney at Law, Phoenix. A. T. rLand basinecs in mil department a specialty. Lumber I KEEP A FIRST-CLASS j On Washington Street, Phoenix. i i 1 I I LUMBER! LUMBER! AT- Clark & Adams' MAW MILL AD YARD, PAIL XV KBRKR, Attorney and ( ouimrlor at Law. Prescott. Arizona. Will practice in al! the courts of the Tern- PR E SCOTT, ARIZONA. torv. Joif l. it ;,;. ji. j. rhynician.Fiorsrcon &. Accoucher. ; Refereaefi without permission: F. M. ! CocWri!!. V. S. Senator. Mo.; Col. John T. j Crisp. Democratic nomine-? for Conirrer-s from Missouri. Office two miles south Hav- . den.s Ferry. Arizona. " Gold dnst. coM and silver bullion and oresofeiry description melted and assaved. ! All assays guaranteed. Price of ore assav: ' Silver and gold. lead. copper. $.". I Samples can be sent by mail or crprrss. and j returns will be promn.lv made. Oltiee wilh : Wells. Fargo & Co., Prescott. . Having moved our mill five miles wet of Pre-cort. on Willow t'reek. Neer Thumb Ilutte. at a point within two mile- of the Miller rond. near Iron Springs, and having cmpleted an excellent road to the Miller road and to Present t. we are now prepared to furnish any amount or quality of j Imported Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Cheap Living! $7 00 We hereby notify our friends and the public generally that from this time forth we will cease to sell for credit on any terms whatever. We are aware that in order to do this we will have to sell cheaper than our neie-h- On block north of the Herald Office: ! t t -i .in the rear of Copclaud s Sash aud ! UU1S, ilUU U ill O IJieOUieU to no so. As Ave are Fresh Bread Alw ays ou Hand. building WC ai'C Vei'V milch 0RAHA5I JJIiEAD pressed for cash. and thereiore it will be better for us to sell for cost than to sell on ever so short a time, no matter how good the buyer. The facts in the case are just these: it is a necessity with us to have our goods or to have the wherewith to buy more. Of course we do not expect to do so much Keeps always on hand the best quality of I wheat and grain hay, barley and oat. Good accommodation for teamsters and travelers. Keep, constantly on hand fine tumonts. Ilorser boarded at my btable will receive the best attention. GEO. HAMLIN. CALIFORNIA BAKERY, ADAMS STREET, lilillii depot. Frr RYE AND made to order; also PIF.S ASW CAKES. yT' Prices to suit the times. CAIiL SCHERRER. I.ate of San Bernardino.) i tt New Saloon. Board reduced to per week. We won Id respectfully notify the public thflt we have opened a new saloon in the building opposite the Express Office, and intend to keep it as a saloon should be kept. The very beat quality of bu: miess. Wines, Liquors and Cigars j ALWAYS ON HAND but we are to do what 50 cents. Single ATeals at the Cosmopolitan Restaurant. wn. iioLLAxn. BUSINESS CARDS. NEW PnOEXIX BAKERY ! J. IIF.I.YS07. Proprietor. ""asliinirton St., opposite courthouse. EIGHT LOAVES OP BREAD OR EIGHT BREAD TICKETS FOR A DOLLAR. PIES AND CAKES ON HAND. PIOXEEli BAKERY ! Washington Street. XoHhtnst Corner of Ike Plaza, F.Isht Loaves or Rread Tor Sl.OO Frnit Cakes and Patry of all kinds, for wedding partiea, etc., prepared to order. BAL'RLEX CO. To Academies, High Schools and Private Families. The Leading Hotel of Snn Francisco and the most eleirnntly appointed hotel in the world, over having been ex pended by Mr. Baldwin in its construction and furnish ins. Headquarters armv and navy, special accommodations for families and larce parties. Prices jne same as at other lirs-clnss hotla m-r ilai- Special contracts will be made for nerma- ' nent hoarder. The hotel coaches and car riages in waiting at all boats and railway depots. Kooms can be reserved before arrival bv telegraphing the Baldwin. A. MACAISEE, Business Manager. Young America Hois! and Restaurant, ARIZONA. TLyoTithsof both fiCXCB. EDrCATOR OF j , recently arrived EXPERIENCED in this town, teaches LATIN, GREEK. FRENCH. SPANISH ! And High School course of the English PROF. P. G. JOYCE. ! 1-'f Piicenlx, P. O. j For Sale. j i ptMM T" SECTro O. TOWNSHIK . ' I North. Rin-" 1 Fast, tnk'n nt nndrr ! the De.ert Act. S W. '-.Trire Goo. I ' LUMB EE, Shingles, Doors, Sash, LATHS, Err., AT BEDROCK PRICES. Itnrley. Flonr. Corn and Proilnee Taken in eichansc for Lumber. CLARK ADAMS. Geo. E. Lonrxc Ajrent. Pho?nii, A. T. JOE FOIlEIM, THE TAILOR. 203 Montgomery Street and 10:5 Third Street Makes the Best Fitting CLOTHES In the City. His prices in French Good are lower thuu anv ther Merchant nilor for cash, onest Denlini:, rompt Attention, iih a Perfect Fit, h! line workman lip 'guaranteed, ro.hie mottoce. riees American Goods: I'ants, from 5 00 snitc trrini Oi"i OO Dookin Pnl fr-,"i t on 'T'he p'iblic are re-pec'fnllT inf-.rmed that UoesKin I ants, from V Ml 1 I have moved mv barber shop to the Overt-oats, from 15 00 bnild'n? on WashinKtbn street latelv ocrn- Vesi from 3 00 p,e'1 tbe 1rn" '"re of Dr. Convefs. and I that I have also orcn-d a firt-class bathing No. 203 Motitromerv it-reot. fRnth E'c-k'. ! cftablishment. and 103 n i d street, ban Francisc-'. Ai THE BALDWIN. i and sId at prices to suit the times. A handsomely furnished club room attached 1 for the uso of our n itrous.. BKOUX I DAM K L. Dudley House, Uurley St., Prescott, A. T. A FIEST - CLASS HOUSE J Ou the European Plan. Xew and Clean Beds for Lodgers, and Elegant Rooms for families. FRED WILLIAMS, Prop'r. T. J. fUlORCARS, termined can. Our Lumber Yard now full and nearly plete. de we Gurley street, one door east P. O., Board by the Day or Week. Oillctt is the location of the mill of the Tiptop Minine Company. Persons visiting this live minius camp will And the Young America Hotel and Restaurant the cheapest and best place to put up at. Terms reason able. INGLE & ANDERSON, Piopr's. Washington Prescott, Arizona Dealer in Diamond?, Watches, Clock?, Jew elry and Silverware, Spectacles, Gold Pens and Pencils, etc. Watchmaker and Manufacturine Jewelers. All kinds of jewelry mid silverware made from native L'old anil silver. Enirravinrs of every description. Seal presses and ribbon stamps. uilders' MATERIAL. The nndersitrned has just received a large acd complete assortment of Provisions, Groceries, Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Fruits, lloney. Summer Hats, Ranch Butter, Hardware, Tinware, Paints, Oils. Glass, Putty, Crockery Ware, Iron and Steel, Lamps, Powder, Fuse. &c &c , &c. &c, &c DOORS, By strict attention to business T bone tn rtrrant a fair share of yonr ratrotiasre. Late rf ."n Frasclrc j. ' SASH. BLINDS, and W1XBOWS Which are of a better quality and wi!l be sold cheaper than at the Saab Fastwy in Prsocctt. AH crdarp prorrtly sttezidad to. t -res' CllCtr. Ada:-? L. E. COFELASB Irvine & Co. Keep on the West side of the Plaza. Remember the sign over the do.r, E. IRVINE & CO. Variety Store From the MioiDir and SeieutiHc Press. Below we give the conclusion of the nrticle ou Sonora, published in this paper on Saturday last: tfonora possesses a vast field of an thracite coal the only anthracite j et discovered on the Pacific Coast. It is said to belong to a very old eeolo gical formation, probably Silurian or Lvoman. I ue only outcrop which is at present worked lies 120 miles northeast of Guaymiis, nnd a branch line of the Sonora railway is contem plated to develop it. The mine is a tew miles north of the flourishing milling towns of La Barranca and Los Brouces, each supporting some 2,000 inhabitants. The coal has been used for two yenis for steam purpos es at the Barranca quartz mill. The enginter in charge of the mill, who has had a long experience on the At lantic steamers, where he used Penn sylvania anthracite, believes it superior to the latter, the Sonora ccal containing less ash and leaving no cunkers on the urate, it burns with the short, blue flame of carbon ic oxide, which is characteristic of all anthracite coal. There are three veins of the coal, one of which is seven feet thick, another two and one halt leet and the third ol unknown thickness, while there are indications of a seam lying beneath the 7-foot vein the one now worked ot the game or greater thickness. Outcrop- pings ot the veins are traced lor tuanv miles, lhe analysis ot this coal compares well with the average grade of Pennsylvania anthracite. the dip ot the discovery is to ward the opening, rendering the mine easv of drainage aud cheaply worked. The length of the branch from the main line at Noria del Val le(32 miles from Guaymus)necessary to reach the mine, is Wi miles. It is estimated that after the construction of the road the coal may be marketed in Sun Francisco and South American ports at $8 to $9 per ton. San Fran cisco consumes 600,000 tons of nil coals annually, and Mexicuu and Central and South American ports consume 650,000 tons, for steamship purposes alone. About 700,000 tons ot this la of foreign importation; its value is 6.50 to 10 per tou. The value of anthracite coal is from 12 to $13 per ton. San Francisco con sumes about 22,000 tons of anthracite coal annually at present prices. The opening of this mine and its intro duction to this market at the prices estimated would be of vast impor tance to the manufacturing industries of this city aud the interior. Speci mens of the coal have been brought to San Francisco and exhibited, ex citing the admiration of all who have seen it. THE MINES. Great as is the wealth of Sonora in agricultural and pastoral resources, IS i her chief glory lies in her mines. Com -! Tb.e low mountain ranges abound in minerals, but the mines which are pretitably worked are but few in number compared with those whose wealth has been exulored and defini tely known, but whose development has been prevented or retarded by the incursions ol the murderous Apaches that have, until a few years past, in fested and laid waste the outlying districts. A ROMANTIC ntSTORY. It is not the purpose of this gener al article on the resources of this lit tle known countrv to describe the mines of Sonora, but there attaches to one section of the State near the American border, a history so roman tic that a condensed account ofit must prove generally interesting, par ticularly as it is the only place in Mexico where placers of silver were ever known to exist. The "Plan- chas de Plata" ( literally slabs of sil ver enticing name ), is the name given to a locality in the Arizona Mountains, a dozen miles south of the border, 75 miles south of Tucson and 45 miles due north of Magdale na, where, 121 years ago, according to the archives of Spain and Mexico, Spanish explorers discovered large masses of pure silver on the surface of the ground, and at a depth of a few feel in the form of slabs, balls and grains, some of them very large one weighing as much as 140 ar robas (3,500 pounds), which had to be melted to be weighed and transported. All these discoveries were claimed by the crown, and no encouragement being given to miners to remain in presence of hostile Indians, the mines were speedily abandoned and the rec ords locked up by the Jesuit Fathers, so that they could not be readily traced. Later, in 1817 Don Dionisio Robles, a citizen of Rayon, with a force of 200 men, penetrated the district and found what they believed to be the old placers, and obtained a quantity of silver in pure masses, lie was compelled to return on account of the Indians after a stay of only eight days. About the year 1S50, in an ex pedition made by parties lrom iier mosillo, a large lump of native silver was found, which was taken to the Gity of Mexico and caused considera ble excitement there. About this time also, the great banking house of Jecker Torre & Co., obtained from the Mexican government & grant of all the mines in the Sierra do Arizo na, aa-S l&sCs for the purpose of col onization. By their orders anil at their expense, an expedition waa or. jjanized in San Francisco in 1852, un der the command of the unfortunate Count Gaston Raousset tie Bourborn, 400 thoroughly disciplined men old Fiench soldeirs. They landed at Guaymas, and after considerable da lay marched to Saric, a town on the north bank of the Magdalena river. Here Xhey remained six weeks, but without any other attempt to enter the district owing to th? intrigues ol" arrival house. The Intrigues finally ended in an open rupture.upon which, the Count marched to Hermosillo, where he met the government troop and defeated them. He wnS subse quently taken sick (some say poison ed, nnd conveyed on a litter to' Gu Hy mns, where his officers under an ar rangement with the authorities em barked for San Francisco. in 1S54, Raousset organized atr other expedition in San Francisco; and landed at Guaymas. Again en countering the opposition of the au thorities, nn engagement ensued, in' which he was defeated, captured", tried by court-martial and shot. TnK EXPEDITION OF 1871. In 1870-71, Gen Serna, (then Vice Goveruor of Sonora) obtaining some information regarding this district, organized an expedition to discover it. The hostile Apaches, through the efforts of Gen. Crook, in Arizona, and the Mexican authorities in Sonora, had now been subdued and removed to distant reservations. Gen. Serna had no difficulty in finding the spot from which these large masses bad been taken, and he himself found a lump weighing 45 pounds. No less than 40 tons of pure silver has been taken out of the spot. Under his pro tection, quite a number of prospect ors and miners went to work on the old and to search for new placers. The district prospected by them seems q"ite small not over two or three miles square. Xo other placer was found, but in the veins which were discovered and opened, consid erable quantities of chlorides of sil ver were found. A few feet below the surface this became more diffus ed, the veins widened, and though apparently rilled with good ores, not native silver nor rich chlorides were found in sufficient quantitiesto repay the search. As these men were un prepared to woik ores of any sort, the object of the expedition being alone for native or placer silver, after a feir mouths the place was again aban doned, one man only being left, who kept up the search a few months longer, meantime sinking a shaft on a vein which he called "Mejai," to a depth of 45 vcras (125 feet), and re ducing the ores obtained in a rude arastra to obtain money to carry oa the search, but finding no masses of pure silver as expected, aud encoun tering more water than his rude ap pliances couki handle, he, too, gave up. That the sliver in its pure state ana in enormons masses, was actually fount! is a matter too fully establish ed by history and official records to" admit of a doubt. DESCRIPTION OF THE MrXES The it ck of the country is granite and porphyry. This is generally overlaid with a porphyritic conglo merate to varying depths in the sum mits of the ridges. The general di rection of all the veins or ledges disv closed is nearly magnetic northeast and southwest. The ore of the Ra ousset seems to hi all porphyritic, containing principally bromides and chlorides of silver without gold or base metals. The ore is found in the conglomerate and appears to be' in a series of parallel veins, each lrom two to five feet in width, lying close together and covering the whole surface ot the hill. The openings are mostly open cuts; seven of them cover a leneth on the veins of 25r feet and a width of 75 feet, their' greatest depth being only 20 fee!. "El Hilo" is half a mile south and at an elevation of 4,100 feet above tide', The ore is very rich in chlorides, and from a cut 30 feet long, two feet wide, and four or five feet deep, Gen. Serna, in 1872, is said.to have taken $12,600 from the chloride ores and 50 pounds of silver from a single lot of 400 pounds of rock. The mine is now being worked by Mexicans. There area great number of mines in this district, whose average assays reach from $50 to $100 per ton. The district lies upon a series of high ridges, separated by small guiches which converge toward the spot oecupieu by the hamlet, lying between Serna's aud Borquer's haci endas. The sides of the ridges are covered with a rich growth of gram ma grass. Jvear by are immsnse for ests of pine walnut, etc. All the gulches contain running streams of water. Such is the description of tbo famous Plaueuas de Plata, a district famous in the l ast and destined to be more famous in the future, though we trust that it will not cost the blood and treasure to garner its wealth, that has been expended in the past. The Sonora railway will greatly aid in the development of the " Planchas do Plata," as it will of Southern Arizona for which it will afford the shortest and most direct route to the sea, but whether that be built or not, the dis trict will by made to yield its treas ures, and the secrets of the earth be made to unfold. A RIVAL FOR SAN FRANCISCO. In the foregoing we have shown something of the possible sources of a local traffie for the contemplated railway, but have scarcely hinted at the through traffic, it may have when joined with an Eastern traus-conti-nental railway, shortening the dis tance across tile coutinerjt more than a thousand miles, and building up s, seaport on the Gulf, that will bid Mrougly with San Frascisco for tU trade oi'fje Istlite.