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1 in ipj JLJLJLii JA3L VOL. -NO. IS. WHOLE XO. 95. PIKEN'IX, MARICOPA COUNTY, A. T. WEDNESDAY, JUXE 18, 1S79. NEW SERIES XO. 25. The H ERALD. Published evoiy Saturday and Wednesday. GOSPER &. McCLINTOCK, PKOFKIETUHS. SrBscRir tiox Rates: One copy om? year. - - -Out copy nix month', Uy carrier. In I'htniix. prr month, - AiiVERTiHisii Kates: One inch. nn inTtion. - -Xach p:ibenuenl insertion. Professional canlt. per month. - - $ 00 1 IC 1 w Ciiart.ra W. Crane is our Authorized Airtnt in San Francisco. PROFESSIONAL. II. It. FATKICK, Civil E vis 1 a o e r TVputy V. S Mineral Snrvevorfor Arizona. Fif-E With W. A. Hancock Phcenix, J . II. 31. II A V KM. Itorney unci Counselor at A Phoenix. A. T. All kind of Leral Basinets promptly attended to. RKX.I. moii;ax, Attorney and Counselor at Law. Tucson. Arizona. All law bin.inc-. will receive prompt and careful attention. J. A. ZABRIHKtE. B. II. HEREFORD. I(KltFFO!tl A ZAIIKISKIE. Attorney and Counselors at Law And Notary Public. Office on Myer ptreet, opposite Palace Hotel. Tnctm. Arizona. jr. hi. BOKKOX, 35. I. rhyMirian An (I Surgeon. (Graduate of the TniveriMty of Va.) Offer 1ms profefif iontil erviepR to the peopleof Plmnix and vicinity. Office X. W Corner Waliinrton and Center Sued, op posite the Pott Ofiiee. I. 11. COS. A. C. BAlvkK. COX A BAKFJt, Attorney at 1 a w , Phoenix, A. T. Office, np-dtftirn. in Capital building, on Washington street. WII.1RTOX A SIIF.KTS, I'hynirians and Sut'seons. Will attend professional call at any hour of the dav or niht. Otlii'e east sille of the plaza. O. U. V. Sheets. M. ).. lateot It. no. Si; v.: J. E. Wharlou, M. i).. L". S. iledleul Hxamiuer. J. W. TK:IlKX.i.V, Attorney at La w. PIKEXIX, MARICOPA COUXTr, ARIZONA. HAltKV ti. JOM'.S. Attorney anil CounMelor at I-aiv, ! Plnrnix. A. T. i Office ttpntairs in Capital bnildinjr. 'Wash- I iiiiriin Mreet. i Mh. I' M ; Areliiteet ana Na'irriatendrnt. ' Plans, spjeifi'.-nrioin and eii. nates cart'-? fr:l!r prrjared. :iiej with Drt. sheets ili I M harton. cam aide of the piaza. L 15. COXYKOS, j r a y s i r i a n ana r k e o n . tLe of Vinalia. Cal.) Office on Washington street, two doom from Montezuma. Jl'I.Il'JS W. VAX MLVl'U, Attorney anil Counselor at I, aw. McMillenville. Maricopa Co., A. T. Will practice In ail the court." of the Terri tory. JOll V T. alsap; Attorney and Counselor at ! Law, Phu?nir. Arizoua. All bttainess pnmpt!y attenUed to. Office viih the District Attorney. rfOEATC JUDliE. NOTAKY TVHIAC. W St. A. IIAXCOC1&. Attorney at a w , Pha-nix. A. T. rT-Lnnd buineffs in all department a specialty. rAlL 1VKB1SKK, Attorney and Counselor at Law, Precott. Arizona. Will practice in all the courts of the Terri tory. JOilX I,. tHIM.U. M. 1. Ili3-?iicia.n.fnrseon A. Acconclior. Krferenc without pennif?ion : F. M. Cockrill. L". S. Senator. Mo.: Col. John T. i'rinp. Democratic nominee hr Coiiifivsr from Mis(uri. Office two miles eouth llay dcn.ff Ferry. Arizona. lEl.AIH A fO ASSAYKKS. toid duft. cold and silver bullion and ores of every description melted anil assayed. All a-ayf cuar.Tnteeil. irice f ore asMiv.: silver and "old. H: lead. copper. Namplu can be ini bv mail or c:;iir--s. and ritiniF will be jirompily made. Oliicti with WtdU. Fargo fc Co.. Pri-cott. UL'SIXESS OAUDS. NEW FIIOEXIX BAKERY ! J. IIK1SSOY, Proprietor. X ashinton St., opposite courthouse. EIGHT LOAVES OF BREAD OR EIGHT BKEAD TICKETS FOK A DOL1.AK. PIES AND CAKES ON HAND. PIOXEER BAKERY ! Washix;tox Stiiekt. yortiMtt Corifr if ihi' Plaza, :: lit Loaves of ISremiS for .! 00 Friit Cake, and Patry of all kind TredJinjj parties, etc.. nreon-ed to cirrli- fo BAL'JCLE.V A CO. To Academies, High Schools and Private Families. i A X EXPERIENCED Ji VyonlhN of Ihvi h ccxei EDIT ATOU OK , recently arrived in tail town, teaches I.ATIX, GREEK, FKENrn, SPANISH And High School course of the Encllfh branches. Address. ruoF. . JOYCE. 1'IKKNIX. P. ititr O. For Sale. Cr.MV TO SECTIOX G. TOWNSHIP North. Knuo 1 fcar-I. iaken up i,,,,.ir th-LorerAet. JS(. Flint: ire ol (.: o E e -! trispr Olliej. I I I 1 MISCELLANEOUS. P hoenix Hotel. Washing ton St.. between and I'iniii sirei.'ta ilaricopa CLEAN BEDS And Well Ventilated Rooms Br the dav or niirht. Host of Apcnirsmoflatioiis families. Tor A SHOWER BATH connected with the Hotel lor the eonvcuieiiee of elicits and the public generally. I. J. GAH11IN L I(. FRESH Beef Cattle -ITTE KKSPrTFt'T.LY IXFOTJM TI1K 1 lie tail fin of Arizona that we are i prepared to hirnir-Li on hunt" Fat Beef Cattle, at any non-ion. in p.v.y quantities, and at the Kowfint Possible 1'riee. The cattle arc at the excellent rrazhi' country around Tontu IJn-on. and in 'koiI cnnditio:i. We will luriiisli the retailers in thi pec tion with Dressed liecf from our Shitiirhter Hutue, north of town. Orders solicited. liALTZ & KELLY, Pho. nix. !g tiug diaiion, YAVAPAI CO., A. T. les from Prescott nnd SO Mile from Ihnix. on the 12Iat3i Canyon Iloatt. Having pnr:'haert the nhove station, the tiMvelin public will iil'.vayf lind im-nln. rain a:iil h.-iy at times. A bur, with a ;;ood t-iDck of liquors ou hand. NXVilCR. MAl'XCKV Boot and Shoe Maker. Washington street. artjoinins Store of Citstaaeila. FnlTionahle Boots and Phoes of the hest material made to order iu element ntyle. TeKFECT FlTS GllAKANTEED. T nive my entire attention to custom mad w.irk. and I liave every facility for srivin: entire satisfaction. Send in j-ohr order. h EG2 LUMBER! LUMBER! ! AT- Adams' VSI YAKJ, I'EESCOTT, ARIZONA. Having moved our mill five mile we.t of Pn-f-cott, on Willow Creek. Ne:ir Thf.niii Itntte. at a point within two mile. of the Miller road, near Iron Sprinir. and hnvinir completed an excellent road to the Miller road and to PreeotT. we are now prepared to furnish aiiy amount or ip-lal'ty of LUM B EE, Shingles, Doors, Sash, LATHS, ETC. AT HEDHOCK TllTVES. Barley, Flonr. Com and Iroeluee Taken iu exchange for I. umber. CLAKK A ADAMS. Geo. E. Luring. Acer.t. Plm-nix. A. T. JOE POIIEIM, THE TASLOR. St5 MoT"-oTnery Street and 10-1 Third Street Makes the - Bsst Fitting CLOTHES It: the Citv. His price in French Good. are lower than env ther Merchant ailor for cash. one.t Deal in". rompt Attention. i:h a I'errecl Kit. 'I tine workinan- liin t-t ntied. his mottoes. or l-rlcef Americcn Goods: Piint.s, from .I 00 Suits, (rum 20 00 I Dncskin P.'tntS, fl()21 T 00 ' ,,,.,,.,.,,. r-.' 1- ,,n U CKlMl.. 'nip.l l.i "' ! csts, 1'lOUl 3 0) No. ot"i.mn' t"t. ir?ni,h Block!. iiiul KCJ Tl.ird ptrect, San Francisco-. Snniples nn'l Rtiles fur sc; leapnrc in.:ii - e:it to any au'i wiu I CO. I Clark & SAW (IXCELLAXEOCS. AGENCY Bank of Arizona, rilCEXIX, A.T. Telosrapliie. or Higrlit Kxehansre Drawn on the Principal t itle? of the I'nitet! itutes ami aa ITX PT'RCHASK OH M.AKE APVAX- toiial and County H'nt and War-aut. Dis count nimtTi-ial Papr. rr-ivf Deposits r IayatI nu l-m;iml. undert.'i fee Collections aud trans-iot a central tainking- hii-untss. 'rtiee hours from i' a. in. to 4 r. m. 7:;tf M. XV. KALES. Carfi ier. PHCEfJIX R Southwest Currier of Plaza. rpIIE rXDHRSKiNEP. H VVIXO COM A plcted lit( new ( tIIery. is now prt- fared to execute all work in his line in the icM wiyle and at reasonable rates. A complete assortment of AKIZON A SC'ENKiiV ahvftvs on hand. A full lice of Picture Frames and Mould ing. Pictures framed to order. Ki. II. IiOTHROCK. Tho United States B11EWE11Y, Wishes lo inform the public anil lovers of gootl LAGER BEER. That they have ret need the priee of bottled beer, to Three Dollars per Dozen, Iu order to ;i!!ow the. poor ns well its the rieh, 'o obtain a beverage highly beueficiHl to hetillh. IS. WGEIRFRKTZ T.ats of SkIt Lake City lirewerv. White & Walters! KEEP A FIKST-CLASS Imported AVincs, Liquors and Cisrars. Cheap Living! Board reduced to $7 jicr week. 00 Single ATeals - 50 cents. nt the Cosmopolitan Restaurant. war. noLr,A;. The T.eadinjr Hotel of San Francisco and the uiuf, eletrantlv appointed hotel in the world, over I.:u"u r haviiii; been ex pended by Mr. Italdwin in its construction and furnisliinir. Hendipiarterr armv and navy. Speei.-.l accommoiiat it m ftr faniiiie. and lar'e itartte-. Price- the same as at other fir-cla-i hotels. to $" per dav. Special contract will be made (or perma nent boarders. The hotel coach- and car riages in wait in:; at all batu aiid railway depnt. li u.Mis ran be reserved before arrival bv te'e-.r::ipfii:ii: the ila'uhvni. A. MACAiiKi.. liusiness Manager. Young America Kotl and Restaurant, A 2:1X0?.' A. IJoard bv the Dav or Week. Oillett in the location of the mill of the Tiptop Mliiin-i Company. Persons vi-itimj tills live uihiinir camp will find the Youmr America Hotel and Restaurant the cheapest ami best place to put up at. Terms reason able. SINtiI.E & ANDERSON", Piopr. Washington rplm pnhlie are respeetfnllv informed tlint I hnve moved my barber chop to the hlljrlin:r on WashinsTton Ktroet h.telv ocen- P'ed bv the iini2 store of Dr. Conyer". nnd tti-it I hive nto opened a tirt-clas;s bathing pf ihlihment Uy .trirt ntteTition to hnsine:. F hope to warrant n f:iir Phare of ynur pHtron.T-e. WM. STL KNEL KG. Late of Sail Franci'-.y. SALOONZj i ! MISCELLANEOUS. SKIRROW & MCKENNA'S On Washir.jtin street, in the old Capital buildiuif. ha 6 been Iteflttcd una ICef arnislie!. Making it the most attractive place in PllOClMX. Th Parlor adjoin i in; contains enraoa ca pable of amusing the most faaiidioun. FURJiTURE ! The uudersianed lias on liand a large assortment of Furniture and Upholstery. Also manufactures to order FIXE CABINET Yi'ARK, DOORS. WAIXS 'OATIXO. AX D OFFICE FITTIXGS. Kaptf-m made chairs conttontly on hand. On Washington street, adjoining the store of Nathan k Co. G7-tl A. COEKA. Livery Washington street adjoining the " I'henix Hotel. IIorse4 Hnnr:leil ly the Week or 3ntU. Iaj Keeps always on hand the best quality of wheat and grain hay, barley and oatt?. iJood rtcconunodation for teamsters and travelers. Keeps, constamlv on hand tine turnouts. Ilorscr boarded at my stable will receive the best attention. GEO. HAMLIN. CALIFORNIA BAKERY, AUAUS STUEET, (ne block north of the Herald Office: also in the rear of Copeland' tnh and Blind depot, Fretth Streail Always on Hand. RYE AND GRAHAM BREAD made to order; also A X I CAKKS. 'ric-'t to suit the .Kr. st'HKPRKK. il.pte of S: it Feri'Hvdiro. aw Saloon. XV v would refitectfullv notifv the public i that we have opened a new saloon in the j building ojipoiie the Kxirt Office, and 1 intend to keep it a saloon should be kepi. l ue very best ii;aiity ox "Wines, Liquors and Cigars ALWAYS OX HAND and Fold at price to suit the time.. A handsomely furnished club room attached for the use of t"ir i nron-. i;i(V tDAMKL Dudley House, Gurley St., Trescott, A. T. A FI11ST - CLASS HOUSE Ou the European Plan. X'ew and Clean Beds for Lodgers, and Elegant Booms for families. FRED WILLIAMS, Trop-r. T. J. MORGAN, Ciurley street, one door east P. O., JPrearott, Arizona Dealer in Diamonds, "Watches, Clocks, Jew elry and Silverware, Spectacles, Gold Vans aud Pencils, etc. Watchmaker and MamiTactnrinsr Jeweler. A 11 kinds of jewelry and silverware made from native jjold aud silver. Enirravin-jB of every description. Seal presses and ribbon stamps. MATERIAL. The tiiifb'rinetl hs just received a larg ami complete aiorltucut of IXlORS. SASir. ItI.I!S. and WFXUOWS Which are of a better quality and w II be sold cheaper than at the Sash Factory in Trescott. All order? promptlr attended to. Adim ptrt. one-half MocW north of the TIenild tljte. 1.. U. ti)l'LLAXl). E. IRVINE - CO. A NEW DEPARTURE Gash Down Or No Sal WE WILL HAVE THE FAY OR KEEP OUIl GOODS! "We hcrcbr notify our friends and the public generally that from this time forth we will cease to 11 f T . sen lor credit on any terms whatever. AVe are aware that in order to do this we will have to sell cheaper than our neigh bors, and we are prepared to do so. As we are building we arc very much pressed tor cash, and therefore it will bo better for us to sell for cose than to sell on ever so short a time, no y.iatter how good the buyer. The facts in the case are just these: it is a necessity with us to have our goods or to have the wherewith to buy more. Of course we do not expect to do so much business, but Ave are de termined to do what we can. Our Lumber Yard is now full and nearly com plete. Provisions, Groceries, Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Fruits, Honey, Summer Hats, llanch Butter, Hardware, Tinware, Paints, Oils, Glass, Putty, Crockery AVaro, Iron and Steel, Lamps, Powder, Fuse Sec , Sec, Sec, Sec, Sec Irvine & Go. Keep on the AVest side of the Plaza. Remember the sign over the do. r, IRVINE & CO. Variety Store Ticnda Barata. THE PIICEXIX nERALI). SK51 1-1VKf.Ii I.V KDITIOV. Weduesilay. June IH. isys. ARABLE LAND. The Valleys of the San Pedro. Santa Cruz and Salinas. Corr. S. F. Milling Press, There is in Arizona but a compara tively small amount of land Unit will produce crops of any kind without irriiration. Here anil tliere little val leys of a few acres exist liigli up ainoujr the rugjjed mountains, where vegetables could be -frown without other water, than the uaitual rainfall. As for farming on any rousider tble scale, it is not to be thought of wilh ou. water arliricialy aiipiied.portions though not all of tlie valley lauus alon the San Pedro, Santa Cruz. Gila, Salinas and other rivers, yield abundant crops of the cereals where a supply of water can be brought upon them. As yet, t arm era have confined the uselvrs chiefly to raising wheat, corn and barley, but it has been provun that the soil and climat are adapted to the culture of the semi tropical fruits aud oilier products, aud these will be propogated more extensively as population increases. SETTLING IN COLONIES. The essential defect of the country is a lack of water. In some places it iu found where it cannot be used; and in a fv places thera is pleuty where it is needed, as for example, about the town of l'lusuix in the Sa linas valley, where large tracts reg ularly yield line crops, and the com munity shows a condition of general piosnenty. ilere the waler lias not all been "appropriated, aud there is still plenty of line land for improve ment, mot e in fact than there is water to irrigate. The settlers who pro. pose to enter upon farming here, will have several dilMculties to surmount in the start. A these troubles are better overcome by companies than individuals, it is usual to form colo nies for th purpose; each man own ing certain iand and water privileges as may be agreed upon. The first condition is to rind enough water for the purpose. This occurs only at in tervals along the rivers, the water boinetimes llowing for miles, far un der tiie surface of the loose sand that forms their beds, and only rising where the bedrock obstructs its underground course. The taking out of all the water from the river at cur tain nuints seems to have only a lo cal c licet. At the present tima the I bed of the Gila is dry at Florence, the I waler lieinj nil in use, while 20 miles ! below, the waler flows with a volume as large sis at Florence. This vhows that the rivers carry a -rreatcleal more waler than might lie supposed, and fortunately that settlers above will not interfere to any great extent, with the prior rights of tho.e below. In preparing ir irrigation, large allow ances must be made for loss by evap oration, and sinking through the light soil through which the dilehas pass. The amoun t required pur acre varies with circumstances, but a safe and general rule is lo take all that can be had aud cultivate as much land as it will supply. IIJItIC.ATIO.N-. The next trouble lies in gettiug the j water up from its natural channel to an elevation from which it will How to the arable lands. This is often dillicult and in many places impossi ble, as the river beds are usually from 10 to 20kfeet below Ihe desired level and hedged on cither side by a belt of loose sand, through which it can not eauly be carried wilhout liuming. There are places, however, where the channel is crossed by dykes of hard pan or country rock. These are se lected frem "the construction of dams, which require to be laid on good foundations to withstand the winter freshets, which sometimes carrying them away, necessitating re buiUliug. The irrigating ditches are here made w iiie ami shallow, and . i i : . . i . .. 1 1 1.1 1 1 . Willi as lime lail iia niwuiic. lui; i ,.!., ... i-J.t .hat. it is 1 necessary "to keep the water as high as possible lo be able to distribute over the entile surface. The construction of these canals is not very expensive, the soil being so light, willn little rock and no timber obstructions to remove, that the work can nearly all be accomplished with plows and scrapers. Once having the waler at a proper higlh and clear of the. sand belt, it is a comparatively light task to carry it where wanted. In some, sections the canals, when in constant summer use, become obstructed with j. species ot water-grass, which, fast ening its roots ou the inner banks, grow so rapidly that it has been known to attain a length of two leet iu a couple of weeks, its long fibers waving iu the stream from' either bank become entangled, and uuiess removed from time to lime, choke up the channel. A ditch less than a mile in length, near Tucson, acquires the constant labor of one man to keep H dear of this intrusive liber. The trouble, however, can be averted by turuiug the water oil' for a few days, when i lie burning sun quickly scorches the grass to death. PLENTY OF LAND. As before remarked, of the vsst area of this Territory, but a diminu tive fraction is suitable for grain raising in its natural stale. There is much good land along t lie river val leys still open to pre-emptinii and en try under the Desert act. the most of it being desert land. There aie countless mi'.cs of cor.ntry bete that would btvak the capitalist who tried to work it, eveu if he got it lor nothing. Slill it must not be infer red that there are no lauds left which can lie acquired and worked to advan tage; on the contrary, there aremany opportunities for either colonies or individuals to setlle here, and by in dustry and perseverance acquire a competence. The precautions to bo observed are to get binds fertile iu themselves, and which can be sup plied with an abundance of water. Much of the choice land on the Snl Cruz and iSan Pedro rivers has al ready been pre-empted or taksu under the Desert Land act, but both the Salinas, or Salt as it is here called, as well as on the Gila river, there i much good land that can be had for the taking, and which could be culti vated to great profit. THE CLIMATE AND ITS EFECT8 Prove decidedly enervating to some constitutions, many so overcome by it us to readily fall into idle and dis. solute habits. This is very apt to happen with persons thrown into the company of Mexicans, who form a large portion of the population, and who are a3 a class but little br tier iu advance of the native Indian. Lake th helpless sliell fish they lie demurely waiting any morsel teat the tide may bring them, actual starvation being the only thing that can stimulate them to exertion. To sit all day long in the shade, the first duty ot lile be ing rest and sleep, vith a diet of dry beef, chili pepper and unleaven ed bread A herd of horses and cat tle are utilized in threshing their grain ; afler which, taking advantaga of a windy day, the squaws winnow it with baskets. When a white man has adopted the above and sundry other cuftoms peculiar to the Mexi can, he is saui to ue galvanized ; ua who escapes this process being called a -'tender-foot. If, with all tha advantages of crude and primitive farm-ng. as above de scribed, even the Mexicans aud Indi ans can manage to get along here, it is certainly leasitile lor white men, with' improved machinery, not onlv to live, but to make money at the same business. The arable land are ft 1 1 level aud of broad expanse, anil well adapted tothe use of machinery . " Lodging" and rust are troubles hard ly known and heavy crops are a fore gone conclusion wherever the land is properly tilled and the conditions aie favorable to begin with. The expense of clearing land in most places is simply nothing, a heavy plow answer ing to grub up the sage brush, about the only shrubbery. Where the mes quit reaehes the dimensions of a tree, ihe vood more than pays for its re moval from the land. Although fenc ing is sometimes resorted to where the clearing of the land furnishes the ma terial, it i. by no means necessary, st-ick ranges being confined mostly to the mountain districts, where farming is impracticable. The Richmond Basin mines are proving all that their owners antici pated, every day's development add ing to their value, the questiou of a true fissure vein and permanency is now a settled fact. Iessr. Uiggs, Cam hell it ISiewlanct are now down on the main shaft of their La Plata, mine sixt- feet, ten feet below water level and rich sulphuret ore contin ues regularly through the wliolt width of the ledge, seven feet. Whit gneiss is now coining in, carrying ruby and native silver, all of which, goes to show there is a lead or "Bo-, nanza" of silver below. Tiie sliow- t n ir .it' t i i irrfflt l.-.liro triilv llflfc. tu"jnS- three consecutive claims car-. rying the same high jrade ores, same uniformity in width of ledge and! make a run of metal of 4:220 feet, lb looks strange to hear of men looking for good mining property to invest in, anil at the same time such mines of undoubted richness and value as. those mentioned to remain in the hands of the original owners, miners, without nirans to develop them ex cept when they are forced to do so by extracting ore to support- themselves. This is done and under every disad vantage, necessarily Using .none but their high grade ores for that pur pose. When capital on?e takes hold of the Richmond Basin mines, there will be such a production of bullion, that the great astonishment will be. ! why those mines remained so long i. . i , i i- i. . m" "I the hands ot capitalists. The ancient G ce-ks and Romans had considerable regard for the month of June. It was the month of all olhers for getting married, perhaps because the month of 3lay was studi ously avoided lor the completion of matrimonial engagements. A curi ous custom still prevails iu t Peters burg in .luue, though of late years it has neatly died out. On a certain Sunday in June, all the young marri ageable g r!s of the city, under tha protection of a chaperun, parade tho public square for the purpose ot find ing husbands. Should a young man be attracted, h: inquires I he name and address ot the one who attracts him, visits her parents, asks as to her dowry, and exi lains liisowD worldly position, if all is satisfactory to both parlies, the betrothal follows, and iu lime the weddintr. On May 2S, in San Francisco, arti cles of incorporation were filed t-f tho Kmpire and il art ford Gold aud Silver ,M inintr Company, to operate in Pio reer District. Pinal county. Arizona. Capital glO.OOO.OUO. Directors Fred eric. Clay, A, Brunei 1, Sam'l Robinson, D. Schiudler, John W. Mahon. It is rumored nnionir the railroad boy that Conductor ippy. 1 the Yuma Division, who v.cnt up to Pan Francisco yesterday, will return with a life paitner, negotiation to that end having been in progress lor scuio tiuie.-Z. --1. llaa'a.