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ElEKALDe a- i Li H ,4 SUPPLEMElSr VOL. 3. PHOENIX, MARICOPA COUNTY, ARIZONA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, JULY 12, 1879. NO. 2(3. A Wonderful Child. I've read sonitrwhere about a gij 1 Whose check are roy red. Whose golj.-n tresses, curl on curl. Bedeck her pretty head. Her ejea, I'm tolJ, are bright and Hue,. iler smile u kind and sweet ; The errands she U asked to do Aie done with willing feet. 'I'm said that when she goes to school She's just the sweetest lass I So quick to midthe slightest rule. And prompt in every clasp. To boys and girls slit's mrer rude When all are at their play ; Her " conduct" be it understood Is " perfict every day. Whera lives this child, I cannot say, Nor who her parents are. Although for many a wtary day I've songM her near and lar. If you should tvt-r see her smile, As o'er the world you rove. Just hold her hand a little while,' And give her my bet love. UittieS. Rttstell, in St. Xivhohts. "Sunshine." BT ALICE. " Oh, how beautiful ! " exclaimed .bind Sharon, as ou a clear summer morning she stood by the flowing wa ters of the noble Hudson, and watched the sun as it rested on the majestic heights of btorni hang and Crows .Nest, and on the surrounding valleys below As sue stood watching the sun rise, she made a lovely picture; tali and slight, but perfectly formed, her golden hair falling in heavy curls below her waist, her dark bine eyes lighted np with wonder and admiration at the sur ronnding view, and a smile on her sweet lips which lighted np her face and made her most fair to see. One hand rested on the large setter which stood by her siae. Suddenly the noise of horses' hoofs -attracted her attention, and tnrning, she saw approaching two young men on horseback; behind them came a dog-cart with a groom in attendance, and the necessary articles for a journey arcoss the country. As they came near they raised their hats, and the gentleman on the side nearest her said, Pardon me, but will von be kind enough to tell me the name of those mountains opposite ?'' She felt the color rush to her face as, lifting her large frank eyes to his, the replied, " Certainly; Storm King and Crows Nest." " And ia that West Point just below? ' " les." " Many thanks for your information;" and agaiu touching their hats, they rode on, leaving her to wonder who tney were, and where they had lived, that they needed to ask the names of the mountains along the Hudson. She watched him out of fcisht. then calling her dog started on a ran for the lovely home nestled in among the trees at the foot of " Breakneck." She was the only child of Mr. and Mrs. Thorn, and her sweet, loving ways and pleasant disposition had given her the pet name of " Sunshine," by which all who loved her called her ; " and al though in her nineteenth year, she was as light-hearted and gay as a child, for sorrow had not touched her innocent heart. As she approached the house, flushed by exercise, her father mt her, say ing, " Sunshine, I was afraid you had met with an adventure, yon stayed so long, and was just starting to look for you." " Suppose I should tell you I had met with an adventure ?" "I should have to put a stop to those morning walks or else accompany y.u. But, come, breakfast is ready, and mamma impatient." While seated at the table a letter was brought in to Ethel from her dear friend, Minnie Watson, begging her to make her a long visit, saying her brother was to return home that morn ing from a trip across the country, bringing his European friend, George Stanley, with him. She wanted Ethel's he p in entertaining them. . So, after proper preparation, Ethel took the afternoon train to Peekskill, where Minnie lived, and in a short time the two girla were busy talking over Iheir schooldays together. Minnie was a tall, handsome bru nette, and though but a few months Ethel's senior, a society belle, and, I am sorry to say, a flirt, while Ethel shunned anything of the kind as dis honorable, but the girls were firm friends, and loved each other dearly. " And who, Minnie, is your brother's friend you mentioned ? Some new ad mirer of yours ?" " Oh, no ! I had never seen him Tin til to-day. He met Ned in London, and they traveled for over a year to gether, and so became fast friends. He is handsome, and I think I shall like him if he will only condescend to notice aie.' - " There is no danger but he will do that, Minnie. I am quite anxious to see your brother, as I have never met him. Is he like yon ?" "Like me? Gracious no ! He is a confirmed bachelor; unless he meets an angel in his wanderings, he will never marry, for all mortal girls fall far short of his expectations." " Is he really so hard to suit?" " Yes, indeed; but still he admires beauty aa much, if not more tban most young men. You should have heard him describe a country girl he met this morning on his way home. There never was such a beautiful creature seen be fore. I told him he must have seen a mermaid." ' Did you say this morning ?" -" Yes." Where was it ?" " On the road somewhere betweeu Fish kill and hi-re; I could not find out just where." " Were they on horseback, attended by a groom ? Tell me, quickly, Min nie I" " Yes. Why do you ask ?" " Is your brother tall and slight, with a heavy, dark mustache and dark eyes ? And was he on a chestnut horse ?" "Yes. Why, Sunshine! I do I do really believe it was you he saw ! Blue eyes and golden hair it certainly was. jou tell me, dear; was it?" " Well, I met two gentlemen thi merning, certainly ; and as they asked me some questions I answered them. " Oh, I am bo glad ! Won't he bo surprised to see you here ?" " Promise me, Minnie, not to men tion this affair before your brother, for perhaps he will not remember me." " You certainly made an impression. Sunshine, without know ing it. Now I know he will love you, for ha can't help it ; and 1 shall be so happv ! " Nonsense ! He will do no such thing ! So put that foolish thought out of your head as quickly as possible. very wen, well see. lint come down to the parlor and sing to me." So saying, the girls descended to the parlor, and going to the" piano, Ethel sang " Bonnie Sweet Bessie." As her exquisite voice rose and fell with the sweet words of the song, Ned Watson and his friend came into the room, and stood entranced behind the singer. Rising from the piano, she perceived Ned's quick look of recognition, as. ac knowledging the introduction, he said 1 think I had the pleasure of meet ing Miss Thorn this morning, did not ?" " I believe so.'' I owe you an apology for address ing you, but the temptation to hear you speak was too great to be resisted, Will you pardon me, and consider me your friend ? Although I have but just met yon, I have heard Minnie speak of you so often, that it seems as though I had long Known yon. " Certainly; I will willingly be your mena. Many were the hours Ned and Ethel spent in each other's society after that evening, and the long summer days seemed very short to them as they rode, sailed, or watched the moon's light iroru the veranda, and, as the end of Ethel's visit was fast approaching, she thought of how lonely she would be, and how siie would miss Ned s friend ship; for she was learning to love him. and the discovery of that fact had made her shorten her visit. " Sitting on the veranda the last day oi her stay, and with these thoughts in her mind, she was aroused by footsteps, and looking up saw Ned standing by ner siae. "Ihisistbe last evening we will have you with us, and I am going to ask a great favor of yon; will you walk witu me down to the river i " Yes." Throwing a wrap around her, she took his arm and went with him Neither spoke until, standing bv the water side, Ned said " I have brought von here to-night. Ethel, to tell you what has long been on my mind, and what! wish vou to know beiore you leave us. V ill yon sit down here on the bank, and listen ?" Silently consenting, she seated her self, and folding her small white hands in her lap, waited for him to speak. i have been waiting several davs for a chance to tell you, Ethel, how much I love you. I have loved you ever since that morning I met you by the water, and brought you here to night by that same river, to ask you to be my w ife. Tell me, darling, that you love me, and- will be mv darling wife. and bring sunshine to my heart." liaising her eves to his she whispered her consent, and was folded in his arms. And thus we. leave them, with the moon's full light falling on them and the surrounding valley, making it an enchanting picture. 'WaverUy Maga zine. Dr. Beeeher on Byron. Dr. Lyman Beeeher was an eloauent preacher and a good fiddler. He used his violin to compose or stimulate his soul. But he preached better than he played, though his sermons were of un equal merit. A writer who, when a youth, listened to the doctor's preach ing, inns speaks ot it : Dr. Beeeher was remarkable for great irregularity of what may be called the quality of his sermons. There was none interior, but there were times when he was dull. A friend said to me once that he had heard much of Dr. Beeeher, and went to hear him, but he never heard a dnller sermon. I can realize that might have been, but Dr. Beeeher-was at times ex ceedingly eloquent. His spells of elo quence seemed to come on by fits. One very hot day in summer, and in the afternoon, I was in church, and Dr. Beeeher was going on in a sensible but rather prosy half-sermon, when all at once he seemed to recollect that he had jnst heard of the death of LordBvron. He n as an admirer of Byron's poetry, as an wno aumire genius must De. He raised his spectacles, and began with an account of Byron, his genius, wonderful gifts, and then went on to his want of virtue, and Lis want of true religion, and finally described a lost soul, and the spirit of Byron going off, wandering in the blackness of darkness forever! It struck me as with an elec tric shock, and left an imperishable memory. Unfortunate. Certainly it seems as though some men are doomed to be unfortunate. A story is told of a Mas sachusetts man who went West to re trieve his fallen fortunes. Nothing prospered that he undertook, and, after long years of absence, he wanted to re turn to Massachusetts. Having no money to travel with, bubeing a black smith and ship-carpenter,- he deter mined to build a schooner to sail home in. And he finally succeeded, alone and unaided, in producing a boat of pixty-two tons burden. Even the nails and spikes were made from bits of old iron given him. But in launching this boat he injured himself fatally, and died soon after. Wurerley. Misdirected L?ttera. Attention was recently attracted in New York, by the failure of two impor tant letters to reach Philadelphia when the sender expected, to the large number of misdirected or partly directed letters which were daily dropped into the New York postoffice. The number. Post master James says, is between 50,000 and 60,000 each day, and they include all manner of mistakes and errors. In some cases the superscriptions might well serve for prize puzzles, so adroitly, though unintentionally, has the writer concealed his thoughts. In other cases the lack of any direction whatever makes the officials' minds as blank as the envelope; in others still the omission of the name of the city or village leaves the postoffice officials powerless, as a rule, to forward the letter to its destina tion, though in many instances, owing to the skill and knowledge of the ex perts to whom the work -is confided, they are able to snpply the omission. But not the least source of trouble, and one which finds its origin chiefly in the neg ligence of business men and others who ought to know better, is that which arises from a failure to attach the name of the State to the address of the person for whom the letter is intended. In the two cases which have brought the sub ject into some prominence, the letters were simply directed to their proper ad dress, Philadelphia, the State being omitted. Until within a short time since the distributing clerks had been permitted to guess at the State meant by the writer; but some mistakes having been made, and much trouble caused thereby, the postmaster gave orders that letters thus imperfectly addressed should be turned over to the experts, so as to insure greater accuracy. Consequently the two letters in question were delayed a mail or two, and by reason of the de lay a cash transaction involving $50,000 was imperiled in one case, and an lin portent order lost in the other. A1U postoffices of the first-class ex perience in less degree the difficulties and perplexities which the New lork Postoffice daily encounters ;and although mistakes are frequently made, the won der is that they are not far more numer ous. Most readers would be astonished if they examined the official list of post- offices, and observed how comparatively few places there are which do not have one or more duplicates in name. The failure to remove doubt as to the locali ty of a place, by giving at least the name of the State, compels postoffice officials to resort to guesswork; and while this proves to be correct in nearly every case when an important city is involved, the chances are against correctness when all the places of the same name are obscure, and there is no certainty in any case. To show what a wide field there is for mistake, it may be remarked that among the leading cities of the country, San Francisco, New Orleans and Jersey City are the only ones without dupli cates in names. There are no less than twenty-nine Washingtons, besides fif teen places in which Washington forms ?art of the name. There are three New orks, seven Philadelphias, eighteen Brooklyns, four Chicagos, four St. L.ouises, eight Cincinnatis, twelve iios- tons, five Baltimores, five Detroits, be sides one Detroit City and one Detroit Junction, eight I'ittsburghs, besides three Pittsborougbs, fifteen Louisvilles, fourteen Newarks, sixteen Buffalos and twenty-seven places which have Buffalo as a portion cf the name, sixteen Albanys, ten Clevelands, two Indianapo lises, three Milwankees and one Mil waukee, thirteen Providences, and eight een Charlestowns may be added. Most of the important towns in Michigan have their duplicates. Thus there are twenty-six Greenvilles in the United States, twenty-three Monroes and twenty-one Jacksons, while there are forty-eight other places with Jack son as the principal part of the name. There are thirteen Hillsdales and as many Albions; fourteen which rejoice in the name of St. Joseph; eleven called Coldwater. nine Masons, eight which are plain St. John, and five which make the name St. John s, seven .Lansings, six Ionias besides an IcniaCity, and six each respectively called Hastings, Char lotte and Adrian. There are five cities each going under the name of Battle Creek, Flint and Niles. There are four Paw Paws, besides a Paw Paw Ford and Paw Paw Grove, and there are four Grand Kapidses. There are three each called respectively Bay City, Calumet, japeer and W hite Pigeon. There are two Fentonvilles, and, closely allied to them, three Fentons. There are two Allegans, two Grand Havens and two Kalamazoos. ' The list of Michigan postoffices which have their "double," and in some cases their double several times over might be continued at great length; but the instances we have given are sufficient to show how essential it is that the name of the State should follow the name of the postoffice in an address on a letter. Detroit Free Press. Freshly Painted Eooms. The im pression that those who inhabit rooms freshly painted are in danger of lead poisoning has been shown by ur. Clement Biddle to be quite unfounded. He bases this statement upon the result of the following experiment: He intro- ose box a number of sheets of paper saturated with white (lead) paint, and upon the bottom of the box placed a shallow dish of pure (distilled) water, previonsiy tested to make sure of it3 perfect freedom from mpurities, and from lead in particular. After an exposure to the atmosphere of the box for three days, the water-dish removed, acidulated with "nitric acid, and treated with sulphnreted hy drogen, when not a trace of lead precip itate occurred. Dr. Biddle therefore attributes the colds and other un pleasant consequences experienced by sleeping in freshly-painted apartments to the irritating action of the vapors of j turpentine on the lining membrane of j the air-passages. The daughter of Jenny Lind is com ing over next year. The Way One Mau Got On. He applied to the editor-in-chief of New York daily, who knew him well and was aware of his ability and expe nence. '"I ve nothing to offer you he said, " but perhaps you had better see the managing editor." To the managing editor, who also knew him well, the applicaut went. "There's nothing I can give you," he said pleas antly; " why don t you see the editor in-chief ?"' The next day he applied to both again, and the next, each day re ceiving the same answer. Dropping in on the fourth day he noticed a va cant desk in the reporters room, kept for any one who might use it. He call ed the office boy, told him to clean up the desk and bring writing materials Having "moved in" he sought the city editor's assignment book, picked out a job that he thought he could do did it, laid the result on the city edit or's desk, and went home. The next day he did the same thing, and the next, and the next. On the. fifth day the editor-in-chief passed through the room while he was at his desk. So vou've got to work?" he said, pleasan ly. " Yes, sir," answered the self-ap pointed reporter. A day or two later the managing editor came in. " Got it at last, eh?" he inquired. " Yes, sir," answered the latest addition to the staff, going on with his work. Things went on this way for two weeks, when one morning the ohief came in. " How do you like vour position?" be asked "First rate," ho answered; "there's only one trouble ; I haven't had any money yet. "Nomoney? Hows that? Perhaps the managing editor forgot to put vour name on the roll. Never mind, I will. How much did he say you were to have 7 lie didn t say, sir, " eaid the reporter, telling the truth very literally. The cWef fixed the pay then and there, dated it back two weeks, and the '-hanger on" be came a full fledged member of the staff on the spot. And the best of the joke was that it was not until two years afterwards that either the editor-in-chief or the managing editor knew how it came about, each supposing the other had done it. Two heads were certainly better than one that time for the applicant. Hostorr 1 ransenpt. A Drunken Deer. Man is reproached or commended, according to taste, as the only animal that gets drunk. Bat how about the deer ? It is stated by an authority that the deer at any rate the French deer for all his amiable qualities, " n'en est pas moins affecte d'nn assez vilain penchant, celui des jouissances bach iques. " But only at this time of the year. He then throws himself with avidity " upon certain tender shoots containing a juice which ferments in his stomach and intoxicates him to such an extent that he strays from his usual haunts and " follows his nose. Thus it came to pass that a deer " in liquor, " was discovered by a peasant, also " in liquor " lying " dead drunk " in a ditch on the road to the village of Qaeue en Brie. The peasant, delighted at the godsend, tied the' deer's legs to gether with a handkerchief, and, hav ing hoisted the animal on his shoul ders, prepared to carry him off. The deer, roused from his drunken sleep by this treatment, became so trouble some that the peasant, who was of an inventive turn, took off his blouse. passed it over the deer's head, and im provised by means of it a sort of strait-jacket which paralyzed the beast s movements. He had just nn, ished these intelligent proceedings when ho perceived two gendarmes, who, without more ado, requested to be furnished with his name and ad dress, in view of legal proceedings, V car . chaise elait close. " In the meanwhile the deer, whose feet bad been untied, scampered off, a little em barrassed by the blouse, to his doe and family, whose consternation at his strange appearance may be readily im agined. He had probably had a bad time of it when he reached his own quarters, while the peasant had to reck on with the legal authorities. Thus we see how a deer, as well as a man, got into trouble through drink ; and the case is recommended to the notice of Sir Wilfrid Lawson. Pall Mall G tetle. The Czar Draws a Tooth. Peter the Great attended surgical classes in Holland. Indeed, he dab bled in ail the sciences and mechanical arts, but was especially proud of his attainments as a surgeon. He gloried in drawing tooth, bleeding a patient, tapping for dropsy or lopping off a limb, and on his return to Russia, started a limited practice. His own valet once availed himself of Peter s weakness as a vehicle of revenge on his wife for her unfaithfulness, a misde meanor toward which Peter was very tolerant. Noticing the flunky with a sad countenance, the Czar asked the matter. " Nothing, Sire, but my wife has a toothache and won't let the tooth be drawn. " " Let me see her, " Baid Peter, " and I warrant you I'll cure her. " The poor woman insisted she had no toothache ; " Sire, " said the valet, "she always says that when I bring the doctor. " " Hold her arm, then, " said his Majesty, " and we'll relieve her suffering. " Peter seized the tooth which the woman's husband pointed out as the bad one and smartly whirled it out. The Czar afterward discovered that he had been tricked, and the poor woman made to suffer un necessarily, and he gave the valet a knouting with his own royal hands. In Tienna, the fashionable jewelry is pig. Scarf pins, watch charms, bracelets, stick handles, everything mnsi lie Tticr. The idea cams from Ger- many, and wa3 introduced there to commemorate the escape of the Em peror uilliam from all his trouble, and his " Schicein's gluk, " or pig's luck, meaning splendid luck, aa the Germans have it. The Fashionable Itother. hether the woman of the world is blessed with maternal instincts or not is an open question. She certainly sees as little of her children as possible The boys are not such a care to her as the girls; for they may be packed off to school while yet at a tender age. But the girls cannot be thus exiled. . They must be educated; must have a .trench bonne in the schoolroom; distinguished professors even in their teens; dancing masters, singing-masters, and drawing masters; their teeth must be seen to by the best dentists: their hair, their com plexion, their figures as carefully tended as the points of a race-horse which carries the fortunes of its stable. She is haunted bv a constant dread of what the future may have in store for them will they grow up ugly or well-favored; will they do stupid or silly things, marry judiciously, badly, or not at all? lint these are mere passing inconven iences compared to the active annoyance the daughter occasions when duly polished and prepared, emancipated from the schoolroom, or launched forth from the high-class finishing establish ment, she is ready to make her debut in the world. Now at length the mother is brought face to face with a trouble sua has hitherto only vaguely dreaded, but which at longth she fully realizes. She is about to be burdened with an incubus and encumbrance Jsho cannot shake off. No more privacy in boudoir or drawing room. The daughter's inopportune ap pearance upon the scene, with a claim to free entree and the assumed right to be in her mother's company, threatens to put an end to all private friendships or innocent nutations. Hence, from the first, an estrangement springs up be tween the pair, that soon widens into a breach, lo the mother the situation is full, if not of possible peril, at least of grave present annoyance, and she staves off the danger by striot precautionary measures. Her daughter is repressed, rebuked; kept in the background; sen tenced to a species of solitary imprison ment, and obliged to spend her hours wearily in her own room, denied any but a nominal part in the society of the house, from which she desires to escape at any cost. The Qceex or Homb. Honor the dear old mother. Time has scattered snowy flakes on her brow, plowed deep furrows on her cheeks, but is she not sweet and beautiful now ? The lips are thin and shrunken, but those are the lips which have kissed many a hot tear from the childish cheeks, and they are the sweetest lips in the world. The eye is dim, yet it glows with the soft radiance that can never fade. Ah, yes, she is a dear old mother. The sands of life are nearly run out, bat, feeble as she is she will go farther and reach down lower for you than any other upon earth. You cannot enter a prison whose bars will keep her out; you can never mount a scaffold too high for her to reach that she may kis3 and bless you in evidence of her deathless love. When the world shall despise and forsake you, when it leaves you by the wayside to die un noticed, the dear old mother will gather you in her feeble urns and carry yon home and tell you all your virtues until you almost forget your soul is dis figured by vices. Jjove her tenderly, and cheer her declining years with holy devotion. The Healixgi Virtues' ow Plakts. New discoveries or what claim to be discoveries of the healing virtues of plants, are continually making. One of the latest is that celery is a cure for heumatism; indeed, it is asserted that the disease is impossible if the vegeta ble be cooked and freely eaton. The fact that it is almost always put on the table raw prevents its therapeutic powers from becoming known. J.he celery should be cut into bits, boiled in water until soft, and the water drank by the patient. Put new milk, with a little flour and nutmeg, into saucepan with the boiled celery, serve it warm with pieces of toast, eat it with potatoes, and he painful ailment will soon yield. Such is the declaration of a physician who bus again and again tried the ex periment. Tomato Soup. Take of a neck piece : from the round, two or three pounds of beef; remove every particle of fat, and cut the meat into very small pieces; put into the kettle, with two or three quarts of cold water, and simmer for one hour; as the scum arises, remove, and keep the kettle covered; strain the meat from the broth, and add a quart of tomatoes, which have been pressed through a colander, with a bunch of parsley, and- boil twenty minutes; cut and scrape the kernels from three ears of sweet corn, and add to the soup, with half teaenpful of sweet cream, two small tablespoonfuls of flour, pepper and salt; boil fifteen minutes and serve. Scalloped Tomatoes. Peel as many ripe tomatoes as required; cut into slices, and place in a pudding dish first layer of tomatoes, seasoned with but ter, pepper and salt, then a thick layer of bread crumbs, also seasoned with butter, pepper and salt. Thus alter- ate the layers until the dish is nearly full, having tomatoes last; cover tightly, and bake one-half hour or longer if the j oven be not hot. CuccitBEB Relish. This pickle may be made from those cucumbers which have grown too large for pickling whole. Peel, cut in half, remove the seeds, and grate on a coarse grater; rain the water from the mass, season highly with pepper, salt and ground cloves, cover with cold vinegar, bottle and seal. Beeswax and salt will make vour flat- irons as clean and smooth as glass. Tie lump of wax in a rag, and keep it for that purpose. When the irons are hot, rub them first with the wax rag, then scour with a paper or clqlh sprinkled with salt. Tcmato Salad. Skin, remove the seeds and pulp from fresh tomatoes; chop what is left with the heart if it may be so called of a cabbage and a little parsley, and serve with a good salad dressing. J The Weaker Sex. Our daughters must be educated to bear their share of tho burdens of life. We do not wish them to be Amazons, to contend as athletes, to become re nowned as horsewomen, aa good shots, as successful pedestrians ; but we must not go to the other extreme and train them to be delicate, helpless, ignorant, incapable. They must understand the whole duty of woman. Of course we desire them to have loving, indulgent, faithful husbands. But marriage is a partnership, and unequal partnerships never turn out well. Suppose to the partnership the husband brings a strong, well-built body, developed by all manner of wholesome and manly exercise, and the wife brings a feeble body, weak from want of exeroise, in jured by tight-lacing, improper dress and bad ways of living, so tbat how everwilling she may be to do her part she is physically incapable of discharg ing the responsibilities she assumes at the hymeneal altar. What then? Can happiness follow such a union? There is plenty of work about a house that will make girls strong. Sweeping is capital exercise, so is ironing and cook ing and the w hole round of domestic activity, and it is so varied that one has a chance to rest from one kind of labor while performing another kind. Then in the husbands of our daughters we wish intelligence, culture, knowl edge of men and things. Dj we see to it that in these respects our daughters shall be capable of becoming compan ions to them ? A marriage in which there is no companionship is a very flimsy and unsatisfactory affair. If mothers would see to it that their daughters are physically and intellec tually capable of becoming good wives and mothers and bearing easily the burdens of married life the course of moral reform would be wonderfully helped. As we can not foresee what burdens our daughters may be called upon to bear, it is well to prepare them for all emergencies. There is no ob ject more pitiable than a feeble, inca pable woman who must depend upon herself. Useful Hints. If a coal fire is low. throw on a tablespoonful of salt, and it will help it very much. A little gin ger put into sausage meat improves the flavor. In icing cakes, dip the knife frequently into cold water. In boiling meat for soup, use cold water to extract the juices. If the meat is wanted for itself alone, plunge in boiling water at once. You can get a bottle or barrel of oil off any carpet or woolen stuff by applying dry buckwheat plentifully and faithfully. Never put water to buch a grease spot, or liquid of any kind. Broil steak without salting. Salt draws the juices in cooking ; it is desirable to keep these in if possible. Cook over a hot fire, turn frequently, searing on both sides. Place on a platter ; salt and pepper to taste. ieel having a ten dency to be tough can be made very palatable by stewing gently for two hours, wtth pepper and salt, taking out about a pint of the liquor when half done, and letting the rest boil into the meat. Brown the meat in the pot. After taking up, make a gravy of the pint of liquor saved. A small piece of charcoal in the pot with boiling cab bage removes the smell. Clean oil cloth with milk and water ; a brush and soap will ruin them. Tumblers that have had milk in them should never be put in hot water. A spoonful of stewed tomatoes in the gravy of either roasted or fried meats is an improve ment. Ihe skin of a boiled egg is the most efficacious remedy that can be applied to a boil. Peel it carefully, wet it and apply it to the part affected. It will draw off the matter and relieve the soreness in a few hours. How to Choose Silk. Many la dies do not know how to choose a good black silk ; but well informed women know that it should be soft and heavy. A good silk must never be gummy or stiff. They prefer a gros grain beoause it is fashionable ; but they will have it light, though "full in the hand." They do not look so much "at the grain as at the floss they pull out of it. If this process of investigation is not al lowed, they pinch the specimen on the cross, then pull it in a contrary direc tion. If the crease looks like a fold in a paper, they reject that piece ; but if it smooths out and disappears they are secure. They also imperceptibly touch the sample with the tip of the tongue, for the presence of iron used in dye is thus detected. As regards the color of black, there are very unre liable green blacks and dun blacks. A black, singularly enough, and without the slightest desire to appear ridiculous, should be blue. The raven's wing has a blue haze over it. No one not in the business can know how difficult it is to get glossy blue black ; a dead black is not such a feat. Cheap qualities of silk would not reward the manufacturer for his trouble, therefore a brown or green black are of infei ior fiber. There is not a more useful investment to be made than money expended for a really good black silk. Chow Cuow. One peck of green tomatoes, three dozens of- green pep pers, one cabbage, one buncli of celery, one-half peck of onions, two cnp3 of grated horse radish, one ounce of whole allspice, one ounce of whole cloves, one ounce of whole cinnamon, one fourth pound of mustard seed, one gal lon of vinegar turned on boiling hot, after chopping all fine, and salt to taste. Put the cinnamon, allspice and cloves in a bag and put in the chow chow, let the chopped tomatoes lay in salt and water over night. Pickled Blackberries. Seven pounds of fruit, three pounds of sugar, one quart of vinegar, one-half ounce of cloves, one-half ounce cassia buds. When the syrup is boiling add the ber ries ; boil one-half hour ; skim out the berries ; boil down the syrnp,and pour it over them. Bostou's Ostracism of Sumner. The occasion was a debate at the meeting of the Boston Prison Disci pline Society (1847). He had done or said before this some things which of fended the inner circles of Boston so ciety, but in setting forth his Tiews on prison discipline, he, in the heat of de bate, made some needlessly cutting remarks on persons of the first respect ability in the city, and he was thence forth voted by them to be vulgar."" His offenses against what was consid ered social and political decorum went on increasing year after year, and ta houses where he had before been a wel come visitor closed their doors to bin one after the other. It ia curious that this fashionable ostracism continued after he had made himself a great repu tation in the United States Senate, and held the position of chairman of the Senate Committe on Foreign Rela tions. He was a political force of the first rank, in the opinion ot ambassa dors of foreign states, when numbers of the commercial and manufacturing ar istocracy of his native city rated and berated him as a vulgar fanatic. Mr. Samuel Hooper a Boston merchant, who represented Boston in the national House of Representatives for many years before, during, and after the war of the rebellion, and who was an inti mala friend of Sumner told uie that one of his solid mercantile friends oaoe asked him how he managed to get along with that fellow Sumner. " Oh, very well," wai the reply. " I meet him very often. He appears to be invited to every party given in Wash ington. You can't go any where with out meeting him." " But you don't say he is considered a gentleman ? Yon don't say that he is a man that one would ask, now. to dine at your table or mine ?" "No, Mr. Hooper rejoined, wita that dry, delicious, and quietlv mali cious humor which characterized him. " I don't think that it would becon you to invite him to your house. Bat society in Washington is mixed np ol heterogeneous elements such aa w never find in Boston-. There is, job know, a lot of ambassadors from tho various countries of Europe, duke. earls, barons, knights, and other per sons, with this or that title prefixed to their names and they are compelled. for political reasons, to invite all kiuds of persons to their dinuers. Samner seems to be their favorite guest ; bot I would not, of course, advise you to in vite him to dinner. In Boston we ar naturally more cautious in selecting the persons who are to eat our meats and drink onr wines. In Washington we have to be less discriminating." And the good Boston merchant de parted, fully assured that his friend Hooper entirely agreed with him as to the propriety of excluding snch a fanat ic as Ssmner from the inner sanctuary of his own unpolluted dwelling. And yet at this very lime Sumner was rec ognized at the seat of government as one of the powers to be consulted ia ihe settlement of matters which inti mately affected the prosperity of th commerce of Boston in common with that of the whole commerce of the coun try. E. P. Whipple, in Harper SI ja zine. .Scientific. The National Academy of Science has appropriated 5,000 for the con struction of the necessary apparatus to determine the distance of the sun by measuring the velocity of light. The Scientific America contains bocm careful studies of Dr. Weir Mitchell oa the relation of neuralgic pain to storms and the earth's magnetism. He finds the best yield of pain to be in January, February and March, the poorest July, August and September. M. Bourguignon, of Donchery, has discovered a methoi of weaving feath ers (deprived of their horny substance) and incorporating them with woolen and cotton yarns in proportions varying from ten to seventy-five percent. Some very fine textiles are thus made, which for warmth and lightness are unap proachable. In his examination of the oils to be found in the shop ia Colorado, Dr. Amhook found that nine-tenths of the samples gave off on an ordinary sum mer day such quantities of iurlimmabl vapors that a lighted match applied to the mouth of an open lamp would cause an explosion. M. Clemaudot, of Paris, has invented a globe for eleetris lights. It is doable one globe placed inside the other, and the space between is filled with powdered glass. It is said to diffuse the light without lessening its illum:u ting power so much as the opaline globes generally used. The ozokerite, or mineral wax, which has been used in such quantities in Vi enna, has now a great many applica tions in addition to that of illumina tion. Wax peucils of this material are now sold in Vienna for marking and writing on all kinds of wood, linen, cloth and paper. It is an excellent substitute for chalk for the blackboard. The marks produced by these pencils are not obliterated by moisture, acid or friction.. . The English, in their eaxnp&iga ia Afghanistan, employ the mirror as aa instrument of telegraphy. Their mode of use is very simple. The mirror of the heliostat is placed so as to reject the sun's image to a distant station, and when the instrument has once been set the clock-work arrangement keeps it i& position. The distant station alwavs sees the dazzling ray reflected from toe mirror, except when purposelr ob scured. The appearance, disappear ance and duration of the nasa twuti tnte the siguals. The ordinary Morse alphabet supplies an intelligible code, and no one out of tho line of signals can read or understand the message. The flash can be seen at a distance of twenty miles. Heliostat stations are now established throughout the K.hy ber Pass. Weather report a clap of thunder.