OCR Interpretation

The Washington tribune. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1921-1946, January 05, 1924, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87062236/1924-01-05/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

pirst in Local
Vol. 3, No. 33
Student Volunteer Movement In Conven
tion Goes on Record Against Segregation
Emancipation Day Orator
Tells Race to Fight for
The Emancipation Proclamation
Celebration for the District of Colum
bia was held this year under the aus-
pices of the National Negro Race
Congress. Dr. W. H. Jernagin, presi
The principal address delivered by
Dr.- E. D. W. Jones, pastor of Union
Wesley A. M. E. Zion Church, aroused
his audience by the declaration that
“the migration of the Negro from the
South to the North and West is the
loudest protest of a people against
man’s inhumanity to man—mob vio
lence, lynchings, burnings, and dis
franchisement—ever recorded in the
annals of American history; and that
because of it, the political power and
influence of the Race had enlarged
to the proportions that either from
New York, New Jersey, Illinois,
Michigan or Indiana we would elect a
Negro Congressman to defend us at
the Nation’s Capital.”
A well rounded program was ren
dered including several musical num
bers. The celebration was held at
Florida Avenue Baptist Church and
was attended by a large crowd.
Dr. Jones affirmed that when Revels
and Bruce were United States Sena
tors; and when Elliot, Rainey, Langs
ton, Lynch and the seventeen other
Negro Congressmen were in the
House °f Representatives, our condi
tion as a race was better then than
now, though we were but a few years
removed from slavery. The Negro
has a better right to a Congressman
than any group in America because
his rights are always being violated.”
“The migration is the revolt of the
masses," the speaker continued, “and
was not to be charged alone to eco
nomic conditions but more directly
chargeable to a righteous desire to
flee from hatred, disfranchisement
and poor school facilities to a section
where at least he could in some larger
measure exercise his rights as an
American citizen, educate his children
and feel secure under his own roof.”
“Politically,” Dr. Jones pointed out,
“the next presidential election would
be determined by the Negro vote, and
this will not be given to any candidate
because of party label but because of
principles and the attitude maintained
toward the race.”
He urged Negroes in every com
munity to fight segregation, and sug
gested that the United States honor
and decorate some Negro soldier who
had bravely and manfully carried
himself in the recent “war of Na
He continued, saying, that our
greatest economic peril was employ
ment. “Negro business,” he said,
“banks, and stores of all kinds, must
be patronized. He stated that Ne
gro newspapers must be more widely
read and circulated because they had
always been honest and fearlessly
outspoken advocates of the very best
interests of the race.”
“Seek the advice of your own
■trained lawyers, the aid of your own
world renowned graduate physicians,
put your monies in Negro banks, let
Negro Real Estate agents buy your
houses in the very best neighborhoods
and then build up a money indepen
dence that will assure the race stand
ing and respect.
“Speaking of color, it is our task
to make our color stand for the best
in human character and the highest
in human achievement. There is no
color to love, to kindness, to bravery
She 'Mashinrjton Wbone
Published Weekly
Better Foreign Impression
of Race is Sought Through
International Scholarships
St. Louis, Missouri—The 12th An
nual Grand Conclave of the Omega
Psi Phi fraternity was held in St - .
Louis, Mo., from December 26th to
30th. Delegates were in attendance
from chapters of the fraternity in all
sections of tha country. The business
sessions of the convention were held
December 26, 27, 28 and 29 at the Pine
Street Department of the Young
Men's Christian Association of St.
Louis. The public session was held
Sunday afternoon, December 30, at the
Union Memorial M. E. Church.
The Omega Psi Phi Fraternity will
meet in its next annual convention
(1924) at the seat of the Alpha and
Alpha Omega chapters at Washing
ton, D.C.
Because of the desire of the citi
zens of St. Louis to show their hos
pitality to the delegates and visiting
members of the Omega Psi Phi fra
ternity through various social func
tions in their honor, all business was
transacted in day sessions. On -the
Emmett J. Scott
Addresses Crowd
■ In Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pa., January Ist—ln
celebration of the Emancipation Pro
clamation issued by Abraham Lincoln,
a Mass Meeting of colored and white
citizens of Philadelphia was held at
the Academy of Music on Broad St.,
January Ist .under the auspices of the
Citizens’ Committee of Allied Organi
During the past five or six years
some speaker of national prominence
has been invited to deliver this par
ticular address by the Allied Citizens'
Organization. The address this year
was delivered by Dr. Emmett J. Scott,
Secretary-Treasurer of Howard Uni
versity, who served during the World
Conflict as Special Assitant to the
Secretary of War, advising in mat
ters affecting colored troops and civi
In part, Doctor Scott said, “It is
with profound satisfaction that I find
myself here in Philadelphia tonight.
I am deeply grateful for the invitation
which brings me here, and for the cor
dial reception you have accorded me.
It is impossible to come to this City
of Brotherly Love, to this great Com
monwealth, without having one’s blood
strired by patriotic associations and
historical recollections.”
nor to intellect. Color only has place
when there is nothing else to com- ■
mend and suggest a higher standard
of judgement. Any color is despicable
that disgraces itself, violates the
rights of humanity and smirches it
self with horror and blood, revolting
to Christianity and civilization.
“Negroes shotild advocate suffrage
for the District of Columbia if for
no other reason than to give the one
hundred thousand determined, intel- i
lectual Negroes of Washington an*
opportunity to prove their worth of
citizenship and to have a part in the I
governing of their own city.
“We are at the mercy of the police,
the hospitals, the Rent Commission,;
he Courts, and insulting public car-1
•Tiers, and efforts should be Made for
the race to have a larger represents-1
lion in our city affairs.”
At the completion of Rev. Jones’
address, the audience voted unani
mously to publish the addresd and
give it out to the country.
evening of the 26th, Capt. John H.
Purnell * of the faculty of Sumner
Teachers’ CoDege and Basileus of the
Upeilon Omega Chapter of the fra
ternity at St. Louis, entertained the
national officers of the fraternity at
dinner-at his home. Later the same
evening a smoker was given to the
visiting delegates by the local chapter
at the Grand Central Hotel.
Formal Reception Held
On the evening of the 27th a formal
reception to the citizens of St. Louis
was held in the beautiful and spac
ious auditorium at Poro College. Here
the visiting fraternity men were given
an opportunity to meet the citizens of
St. Louis. The annual dance of the
fraternity was held on the evening
of the 28th at Paradise Hall. This
function will long remain fresh in the
memory of St. Louis for its beauty
and brilliance. The attendance on this
evening was restricted to members of
the fraternity and their company. In
appreciation of the hospitality of St.
(Continued on page 6)
Law Enforcement
Checks Lynching
Says Tuskegee
Tuskegee, Ala.—According to rec
ords compiled by Tuskegee Institute
in the Department of Records and Re
search, Monroe N. Work in charge,
there .‘were 28 persons lynched 4n
1923. This is 29 less than the number
57 for the year 1922. Thirteen of the
persons lynched were taken from the
hands of the law, 7 from jails and 6
from officers of the law outside of
There were 46 instances in which
officers of the law prevented lynch
ings. Four women, 3 white and 1
colored, were among those thus saved.
Six of these preventions of lynchings
were in Northern States and 40 in
Southern States. In 37 of the cases
the prisoners were removed or the
guards augmented or other precau
tions taken. In the 9 other instances,
armed force was used to repel the
would-be lynchers. Un 8 instances
during the year persons charged with
being connected with lynching mobs
were brought to trial. Of the 52 per
sons thus before the courts only 2
were sent to the penitentiary.
Of the 28 persons lynched in 1923,
26 were Negroes and 2 were whites;
two of the fromer were women. 7or
one fourth of those put to death were
charged with rape or attempted rape;
one of the victims was burned to
death; one was put to death and then
the body was burned. The charge
against the one burned to death was
The offenses charged against the
whites were: participation in strike
depredations, 1; being taken a sa Ne
gro, 1. The offenses charged against
i the Negroes were: murder, 3; mur
derous assault, 2; rape, 6; attempted
•rape, 1; killing officer of the law, 2;
I wdunding officer of the law, 3; no
charge reported, 3; assisting man
charged with rape to escape, 1; re
; sisting posse searching for man
charged with rape, 1; cattle stealing.
1; “trying to act like white man and
, not knowing his place,’ 1; insulting
woman, 1; peeping in window, 1; strik
ing man in altercation 1.
The nine states in which lynchings
occurred and the number in each state
are as follows: Arkansas 2; Florida 8;
Georgia 4; Louisiana 1; Mississippi 8;
Missouri 1; Oklahoma 1; Texas 2;
Virginia 1.
Howard University Repre
sentatives Play Big Part in
Working Out Problems
From December 28th through Jan*
uary 1, the. Student Volunteer Move
ment held its sessions in Indianapo
lis, Indiana. Seven thousand students
from all over the world were present.
The results of this convention will,
no doubt be epoch making in the mat
ters of racial equality, social brother
hood and the evangelization of the
whole world.
Howard University was represented
there by Miss Mary Emma Mack of
the Student Y. W. C. A., and Mr.
James R. C. Pinn of the*School of
The convention was divided into 49
groups of over 106 each. These dis
cussed the vital problems before the
convention. In 41 groups the main
issue was the race question. In 35
groups war was very important
issue/ In 11 group's the “right to im
pose Western civilization and Chris
tianity upon others” was the impor
tant issue. Each group, after the
final discussion chose its best rep
resentatives, two from each group, to
attend the “group leaders’ conference”
for the purpose of summing up the
results of the discussions. Mr. J. R.
C. Pinn of Howard University was
chosen as one of the representatives of
his group.
Conclusions reached in this meet
ing were as follows: nine groups were
for no racial distinction whatsoever,
including the right of intermarriage
of whites and Negroes. The decision
in each of these groups was unani
mous. In 8 groups the majority voted
in favor of this decision. It will be
^interesting to note that many south
ern white students were won over to
this view. This is a very significant
fact. All of the other groups favored
racial equality up to the point of
The groups^, decision in reference
to war was that war was to be avoided
as a most miserable sin, unworthy of
In reference to the discussion con
cerning the imposition of . Western
Christianity, the decision was to pre
sent to and not impose on, others our
From this group leaders’ meeting,
certain ones were nominated to pre
sent the resolutions from their point
of view to the whole convention. To
discuss the race question it was de
cided to have one Southern white
man, one Negro, and one Northern
white man to present their differing
views to the convention.
The Negro nominees were: William
S. McLeod of Bennett College, N.C.;
Chas. H. Anderson, p.n A.B 4 of the
.University of Pittsburgh; F. Eugene
Corbie, of New York City College and
James R. C. Pinn of Howard Univer
sity. These four decided among them
selves as to who could present the
case best. F. Eugene Corbie was
chosen. He presented the cas of the
Negro race in a most admirable way.
The students are now to return to
their respective homes and colleges
and do all in their power to establish
in the hearts of their families and
colleges these decisions concerning
racial equality, peace, and mission
Only the rich have time to walk
these days—the rest of us have to
hustle around in our automobiles to
make enough money to buy tires and
Republicans Admit South is
Lawless, but Seem Unwilling
to Start Drive on Violators
(By the Republican News Bureau).
Alabama recently enacted a law
which prohibits American citizen
eligible for the Prfesidbncy from seek
ing support in Alabama for presiden
tial nomination unless he be a citizen
of that state. ;
Alabama’s action is th. logical out
growth of the system of disfranchise
ment of American citizens which pre
vails in every state of the Democratic
“Solid South,” in violation of the
United States Constitution and in de
fiance of'the principles of representa
tive government. This constitutes the
most malignant cancer upon the
American body politic today.
It began shortly after the southern
states were re-admitted into the Union
upon their promise to observe and
obey the American Constitution by
their disfranchising the negro in de
fiance of the 14th and 16th amend
ments. This action was denounced by
the Republican party. The right of
the emancipated negro to the ballot
was upheld by the Republican party.
The South then proceeded to disfran
chise white Republicans in southern
Now the malignant forces which it
turned loose threaten to turn upon
the Democratic party itself. Having
used the weapon of disfranchisement
Alpha Phi Alpha
Convention is a
Great Success
Columbus, Ohio, Jan. I—“ History
in the Making” was the popular char
acterization of the 16th Annual Con
vention of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fra
ternity just closed here. More than
600 college men from 66 of America’s
best educational institutions gathered
to discuss means by which the prob
lems in Negro racial life may be met.
Negro college men from all sections
of the country were present at the
convention, the sections represented
stretching from Massachusetts on the
New England Coast to California on
the Pacific and from Minnesota to
Perhapsgthe outstanding actions of
the convention was the adoption of a
resolution to send a communication to
President Coolidge recommending.the
release of the remaining members of
the 25th Infantry now incarcerated in
Leavenworth; and making a contribu
tion to the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People to
aid in its campaign for the passage
of the Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill.
The opening session of the conven
tion was held Thursday afternoon, De
cember 27, at the Spring Street Y.M.
On Sunday, December 30th, the full
■ convention delegation made a pilgrim
age to the home of Paul Lawrence
11 Dunbar at Dayton, Ohio.
Upon the return of the convention
delegation to Columbus, Ohio, the en
tire body repaired to the Columbus
Chamber of Commerce Auditorium to
attend the public session where Attor
ney Robert L. Vann of Pittsburgh
spoke on the subject “The College
Man’s Opportunity.”
The final session of the fraternity
was held Monday at which time after
the delegates listened to the report of
the Director of the “Go to High
School, Go to College” drive which
showed that more than three million
children and parents had been reached
and influenced to go further in educa
tion, the convention authorized that
the movement be continued and pro
moted even more vigorously during
1924. Constructive plans were out
lined with reference to the conduct of
the Fraternity’s program for the year
1924. At the end of the session the
following officers were elected: Ray
mond W. Canpon, Minneapolis, presi
dent; Raymond P. Alexander, Phila
delphia, firs t vice-president; James
W. McGregor, Los Angeles, second
vice-president; D. L. Brown, Colum-
(Continued on page 8)
Office: 920 U St., N.W.
ag successfully- upon southern Repub
licans, both black and white, Alabama
Democrats now employ it to bludgeon
northern Democratic aspirants for the
presidential nomination.
Were the evils of this southern
practice of disfranchisement confined
to the southern states and visited only
upon the heads of the Democratic
party, the rest of the country would
not be necessarily concerned, but such
is not the case.
The South claims and obtains rep
resentation in the United States
House of-Representatives on the basis
of its negro and white Republican
population. But having Used these for
the basis of obtaining seats in the
House of Representatives, southern
Democracy proceeds to refuse its ne
gro and its white Republican citizens
the right to go to the polls and vote
for representatives in Congress.
Eighty members of the House of Rep
resentatives from the "Solid South”
are holding their seats because by
“shot-gun” policy and by dishonest
and fraudulent elections the exercise
of citizenship of a igujority of their
communities is prohibited. It is a
plain statement of a disreputable fact
that there has not been an honest,
free election in the solid Democratic
South for a quarter of a century.
(Continued on page 6)
Masons Elect
Chas. P, Ford
Grand Master
The Most Worshipful'Grand Lodge,
F. A. A. M., of the District of Colum
bia, met in its 75th annual session of
December 7 27th, 1923, and elected the
following officers for 1924. Most Wor
shipful Grandmaster, Charles P. Ford,
(unanimously elected); James N.
Aden was unanimously elected as
Deputy Grandmaster; Joseph Minor
as Grand Senior Warden; Frank Mc-
Kinney as Grand Junior Warden; Wil
liam H. Jackson as Grand Treasurer
and Samuel B. Hill as Grand Sec
retary for the ninth time.
The appointive officers named for
1924 are as follows: Grand Senior
Deacon, Edward F. Gant; Grand Ju
nior Deacon .Samuel J. Blackburn;
Grand Senior Steward, James A. Da
vis; Grand Junjor Steward, Richard A.
Phillips; Gram, Chaplain, Frank E.
Hearns; Grand Marshall, Albert Dot
son; Grand Lecturer, John C. Bruce;
Grand Sword Bearer, Eugene A. Ran
dall; Grand Standard Bearer, William
A. Clark; Grand Pursuivant, C. C.
James; Grand Librarian, Henry
Banks; Grand Tiler, Jesse B. Martin
and Ernest M. Dickerson, as represen
tative to the Masonic Hall corpora
This session marked an epoch in
Grand Lodge affairs in this jurisdic
tion. It was the first session in which
| the Grand Lodge has met when all of
its business was transacted in one day.
A day session was held from 1 p.m.
until 4 p.m. at which time all the rou
tine buSnes was carried on with rela
tion to the subordinate lodges and the
reports of committees. The outgoing
Grandmaster, Jesse IL Mitehell, read
his annual address before the Grand
Lodge at the evening session begin
-1 ning at 7 p.m. It was concise and
pointed with the achievements of the
I year by the Craft in the erection of
I its Temple at 10th and U Streets.
The Grand Lodge tendered Mr. Mitch
ell a vote of thanks for the work ac
complished during his administration.
A stupendous task awaits the new
Grandmaster Ford. To him the Craft
is looking for the finishing of the
Temple now begun. This temple is to
cost in round numbers $300,000, and
the whole of this amount practically
will come from the pockets of the men
and women identified with the Order.
The plans of the incoming administra
tion are to take possession about next
October and to dedicate the Temple
in 1925 when the 100th annviersary
of Freemasonry among our people will
,be celebrated in this city.
Washington’s Best
Advertising Medium.
. —
Regular City To Be Made,
Out of Town Built by i
History was made here this week
when-a group of race financiers head
ed by W. H. C. Brown, investment
banker of Newport News, Va., and
Washington, D.C.; Dr. A. J. Strong,
treasurer of Metropolitan . Bank of,
Norfolk, Va.; one of the race’s largest
banks; and Dr. Norman Lassiter,
prominent deptist andcapitalist . of <
Newport News, Va., from the Tkh
water section of Virginia,, purchased
through scaled bids, the entirs town
of Truxtun, Va. While the exact
amount paid for this town .could not
be learned, it was hinted ■ that the
price was around $141,000.
Truxtun was owned by Jhe- U. S.
Government and was operated thru
the U. S. Housing Corporation. It
was built by the Government during
the war to house the colored workers
at the Navy Yard at Portsmouth, Va.
The government in line with its
policy of getting rid of its wartiriie ac
tivities .ordered the town for sale.
Sealed bids were received at the office
of the Housing Corporation here Wed
nesday, January 2nd, A number of
bidders (mostly white) from Norfolk,
Portsmouth and the Tidewater section
presented their bids. At the time of
opening the bids it was found that the
only race bidders had topped the list,
much $o the surprise of the white bid
ders who did not entertain the slight
est idea that Negroes had enough
money (especially since it was a cash
proposition) to outbid them.
When the bidders assembled Wed
nesday afternoon to hear the report,
the Housing Corporation Committee
announced that race men had been
awarded the property as the highest
bidders. ,
Truxtun, .Va., was built by the Gov
ernment exclusively for Negro work
ers. It is located just over the city
line of Portsmouth, Va. .within one
mile of the U. 8. Navy Yard. It is
served by the Portsmouth electric
line; railroad facilities are furnished
by a belt road that connects with all
the trunk lines entering Portsmouth
and Norfolk.
The town is composed of 253 houses
all modem; each house consists of five
rooms ,bath, hot water, electric lights
and street sewers. Besides the above,
each house has a large front yard for
flowers and a back yard for a garden.
In addition to the 253 houses al
ready constructed, there are 70 vacant
lots. The streets are wide and im
proved with hard gravel. In the mid
dle of the streets are planted flowers
and shrubbery.
A modern 10-room brick school
building is also owned by the town.
This school building is equipped to
meet all community needs, having a
spacious auditorium for concerts, pic
ture shows and dances. The school
, rooms are of the most modern type
; known. Truxtun is om; of the most
beautiful spots in the Tidewater sec
tion. The town cost the Government
over $1,000,000 to build.
Of the 253 houses there, 143 have
been sold and are now occupied by col
ored citizens. The syndicate which
now takes over these equities and
properties, will at once reduce, the
Government purchase price, ranging
from $1900.00 to $2600.00 by 25 per
cent to these home buyers. All of the
105 unsold houses will immediately be
-placed on the market on the basis of
.the same generous reductions. The
payment on these houses will not ex
ceed one per cent a month. They
Shave also arranged, at a cost of about
SIO,OOO, to paint all the houses con
[stituting the town.
It was authoritatively announced
here that the new owners plan to de
velop a regular town and give the
race an opportunity to govern itself.
While Negro towns are not a new ex
i periment the progress of Truxtun will
be watched with interest.
It’s easier to succeed by honesty
than by dishonesty.
Price 5 Cento

xml | txt