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i UA1U IÜUI1ÜBÏ Excepted) Evkry Evening Printing Co., IVUT IVES1M« »UXUD1S* r. *, corner nrrn ahv sh iflet mnn limeur»«» PRICK. bvrasU, THKhK COLLARS t'ER YEAR, or d.llT.rxl KT c.rrlsn la Wilmington and pilnclgei town* In tar sisM •I BIX CENTS A W EEK.__ "amtRTlSlNÖ BATHS. LUplAy s«lv«rU** ■Hnta, Blxty-flTS onu psr mam Ho* l« r "'«n«* 1 - irnn.i.m AdTsrUismenu. seven Cent* ;»r lias In. first Insertion and Fie» cant* psr litis lor stell sola.qu.Dt Inssrtlon. lllliv IVKMMI Is on ml. lafU.ny St feroad Street Station, pnllaisU'lu», and »i ever, news .land ln OnlAwsro. Awry Awning «« th« Only *• Vrlau-arr utino Thm A»0ori»t*i / . A 0 p 0 dml «**r« t/%* « rith Th« As*mr i«at«c« Ar—* In t'hilndtlrAio. ItKUl DBilJ.« rsWfllü.IA Editorial Houm., 104*1. Delaware A Atlantic I llutneee Otf.oe, U74. „ J Kdllorlol Booms, 1040, De. mends j ]lnMnm ho74. m I r JH I y *. 1 ff.r. BJtTVRl * * U JbCELLA Mho L« KlU-OKU T.Î1 voir tMiircrrllifftl B ~ 1.06 _7.20 Mt» till» iftimocu «t__ luiDorvoiv mom in g tomorrow Mitrrnonu •« S oon r\$— tomorrow OLD HHttha tomonow lumulni at»..». Ldjugtli of dsy. 0 hour». 1-7 _ 4.11 M M. mtnutM. 43° AW p. Ei T.itert.T lllim. today-- il Boon today....—.. ■i»tMU«m|«r.tur. yo.t«ro.y._ low*.I loaiiMiatun. hdnietu.. HI»1. ltd. thli morning ttlgb tide . night.(- Low tld. thl. morning At.... Low tide thl. Afternoon at. m ^ t; - ■ If I It. 04 .. » 40 Mtarepr«in4>ntlnKthe Situation. Those thoughtless and uninformed ad Tccatos of what is colled s "river front" for Wilmington—who believe that all that Is necessary tor the commercial greatness of the city is to build wharves along the Delaware River and connect them hy a food roadway with this city, regardless of the actual conditions of trade - are con tinually putting forth presumed argu ments which at times misrepresent the real situation. Thus, we are solemnly abjured by one of the most |insistent of these misinformed and ignorant advo cates one whose particular grievance is that the men who have msde Wilmington what it is today are-criminally blind to the city's real interests that "hy the time Wilmington rounds out its first century as a city there will lie wharves along the Delaware River shore. '' In this wild clamor about "wharves I wharves! wharves 1" the real situation is lost sight of. The natural inference of any uninformed person after reading the expression of despair above quoted would be that there is not a single wharf along the entire length of the Delaware River with which the business interests of Wil mington have the slightest connection. Now, the fact is that there is, and has been for years, a commodious and sub stantial wharf on the Delaware River, just outside the southeastern limits of the city. It i.s practically a Wilmington wharf. It was built more than twenty years ago, by the Wilmington 4c Northern Railroad, which is now operated hy the Philadel phia t Reading Railroad. It has direct rail connection, over which trains run daily, with the city of Wilmington and with the general railroad system of this city. Boats touch at this wharf, to un load and take on freight, and the traffic is considerable. For several seasons the Philadelphia-Capo May steamboat stopped at this wharf, going and returning, to take on and lot off passengers. That wharf has not hod an idle day since it was put into commission. So long os that wharf remains without an associate or a competitor, it will ho reasonable to presume that it is sufficient for all the business needs of the city of Wilmington. When business shall de mand additional wharf facilities, they will be forthcoming. So, also, will there be the means of s|ieedy communication be tween other wharves that may be con structed, and the dly proper, whenever the demands of business are sufficient to authorise their construction. While the for ring process might bring about wharves and roads, the latter will not bring business if the needs of business do not require them. The city of Wil mington bos tried the forcing process. The quid mines who assume that our citi cens are blind to the advantages of their river front and have made no attempts to utilise them merely display their igno rance. The city of Wilmington expended thousands of dollars—probably *50,000, at a conservative estimate—on the con struction of a road to the river, end finally did construct a river road in South Wil mington, by way of Christiana River and G street, more thsn twenty years »go. A committee of City Council, which had the work in charge,took the first trip over this road, from the City Hall to the river bank. and found it good driving the entire dis tance. But the rtsKl wasted into a cow peth through disuse, and later the river end of it was vacated by on art of legis lature, mainly to relievo the city of the responsibility for damage hy floods break ing through the sluice that met the road at the river hank. Thme was no demand for the road, and its construction Useless expenditure of money. So much for the forcing process. As to a legitimate ends, they will I« met as they arise. Our people are progressive,and when another wharf on the Delaware and another road to the river- steam, trolley or driving--shall ho necessary, they will provide them. Meanwhile, they will not shut their eve* to the fact that there is already a wharf on the Delaware, closely and firmly connected with tliis city. To ignore this fact is to decry an important advantage which the city now enjoys. It is unfortunate that the negro wretch who committed the latest horrible murder in New Jersey ns successful in eluding capture. The matter of identification is so precarious (hat there is now reason to fear that the brute may escape alto gether, which would be most unfortunate for the cause of justice. Jueglod Crt*» Report». Recent charge» of the spurious char acter of crop reports issued hy the Bureau of Statistic« of the Agricultural Depart ment arc continued by the re|>ort of the Keep t'qmmirsiou, which was inode public yesterday. The charges were that the reports were juggled in the interest of tn«rket speculations, and that inside in formation was secretly imparted to out side parties for use in speculative transac tions. The Keep Commission was ordered by the President, on the complaint of the New England Cotton Manufacturers' As sociation, to investigate the work of the forecasting of crops hy the Department of Agriculture, and especially the cotton report. The conclusions of the commis sion are summed up in one paragraph : "Indeed, the wide divergence of the re sults obtained by the Bureau of Statistics from actual results arrived at by the cen sus, in the case not only of live stock, but of all crops other than cotton, justifies the conclusion that the methods and results must be improved materially or the sendee should be abandoned." The report shows that the expenses of the Bureau of Statistics have increased from *20,800 in 1880 to *106,460 for the present fiscal year. The commission ridicules the great stress laid by the Department of Agri culture on the fact that it bases its cotton reports on information sought from 85,000 different persons. The commission thinks the enormous number indicates a lack of care in selection. The commission condemns the entire system under which the Bureau of Statis tics proceeds in arriving at the percentage "normal" crop. It says the use of the word "normal" is misleading. The report severely reflects on the re sults which have been obtained as to the acreage planted. It shows that the only reliable statistics as to acreage are col lected by the Census Bureau once in ten years. It compares the estimate of the Bureau of Statistics for 1879, 1880 and 1899 with the actual figures collected by the census, and shows that in the first vear the estimate of the bureau was 13 per cent Iras than the actual figures; in the second year 5 per cent, and in the third year 4 per cent. In a table of comparison by States the Keep Commission shows that while the bureau of statistics "guessed" the acreage rather closely in 1889 and 1899, the esti mates by States were so grossly inaccurate as to show very loose work. The differ ences hy States range from 21 per cent above (ho actual acreage as determined by the census to 33 per cent below. The commission says the determination of acreage is the determination of a question of fact. The result shown by these belter skelter figures is the natural result of a faulty system. The estimated production by States for 1899 in comparison with the actual pro duction reported hy the census shows that the estimate for Florida was oniy 61 per cent of the actual crop, while for Ten nessee it was 26 per cent in excess, for North Carolina 14 per cent in excess and for Louisiana 10 per cent loss. The most severe reflections upon the re ports of the Department of Agriculture are in connection with crops other than cotton Taking the figures for 1899, the Keep commission has compared them with the census reports. Secretory Wilson's bureau estimated the acreage of corn at 82,108,587. The census report showed the actual acreage to have been 94,913,673, a difference of 13 per cent. Wheat was estimated at 44, 592,016 acres. The actual 62,688,674,0 discrepancy of 15 per cent .The acreage of oats was forecasted at 26,341, 880. The census reported 29,539,698 acres, a difference of 11 per cent . The barley acreage was estimated at 2,878,299. The actual acreage was 4,470, 196, a discrepancy of 36 per cent. The acreage of hay was estimated at 41,328, 462. The actual acreage was 61,691,069, a difference of 33 per cent. When the actual production of agricul tural products In 1899 is compared with the prophecy of the Agricultural Depart ment the result is quite ns startling. Sec retary Wilson's bureau underestimated the production of corn 22 per cent; of wheel, 17 per cent; oats, 16 per cent; bar ley, 89 per cent; potatoes, 16 per cent, and bay, 82 per cent. "Faulty as these statements were," says the Keep Commission, "the reports of the Bureau of Statistics on farm animals even worse in the same year." The Agricultural De|>artmenf estimated the swine of the country at 37.000,1HH), while the census reported 63,000,000. The estimate on cattle, other than milk was 28,000,000. The actual number 61,000,000. Variations in the eases of sheep, horses and mules were almost great. acreage was were cows, WHN a Socialists and anti-Sooialiets are to hold demonstrations in Berlin tomorrow, and (ears of clashes are entertained. But. should collisions occur, the probabilities are that the authorities will suppress them with a stern hand, even should it lie neces sary to spill Socialist and anti-Sooialist blood. The evidence in the libel action against the editor of Collier's Weekly, in New York City, at the instance of Justice Duel, private counsel for Town Topics, indicates that the latter publication boa been noth ing short of a deliberate vehicle for block mail. Equodor has a revolution on liand which, at latest report«, had resulted in Ihe success of the rebels, who deposed the government and established one of their own. There are no predictions os to how long the new government will remain in power. It is a relief to read toe announcement that "there will he no firemen's strike" on the Dels ware, lackamuiina A Western Railroad. Strikes on railroads pleasant affairs, nor are they profitable to either side, as a rule. are never The Business Situation. Bradstreet's says: "Mild weather eon tinucs a source of complaint by affecting retail trade, collections and some reorder t « • . * Dutinsee from wholesalers, but compensa uons are found in continued activity in outdoor industry, practically unchecked building oiterations, better than ordinary miri .ui»»., é _»,*• . , mid-winter transportation conditions and uninterrupted progress in all nmnufactur ing lines, particularly iron and steel. Spring trade prospects continue as favor „ui. .... able a« heretofore; there is considerable lookmg around; shipments on earlier orders are heavy, and the feeling favors an earlier than ordinary opening of whole «ml.. *; . • I . ... sale operations in dry goods, mdlmcry, shoes and kindred lines. Building ma tcrials were apparently never so active iK-fore at this Stage of the season. Large t ....I, ; purchases of pig iron, slightly below the market, hy leading interests assure con sumption of all supplies for the first quar 1er and most of the second quarter, while demand for rails, structural material, plates and olher finished products assure work for the mills for six months to come "Busincss failures in the United Siales <■__ « ... i I- I -o , for the week ending January 18th, UK Hl, number 274, against 286 lost week, 304 in the like week of 1905, 206 in 1904 253 in 1903 and 292 in 1902, In Canada, failures „ , I ns» • for the week number 36, as against 46 last week and 37 in this week a year ago." 11. G. Dun 4l Co.*a Review says- "He ports are more irregular, chiefly because rvf ». J a agjnca of the weather. At some points results arc all that could be desired, the new year starting with much heavier transactions than In 1905, but high tom rs.ar. 4 ..^ ,.„.1 , . . , pe uro and excessive rams m other localities retard retail distribulion of winter goods, and it is becoming necessary to reduce stocks by clearance sales. Noth j; ..... *i •• , mg disturbs the vigorous preparation« for spring business, which promises to make a moat gratifying exhibit. Open weather is facilitating outdoor work, building _ . A 1 * operations progressing at an unprece dented pace for the season . n The Paving of the Causeway. It is doubtful if there is a public im provement that the city is more seriously in need of than the proper paving of Mar ket street, south of the Christiana bridge. In the best weather the roadway, in its present condition, is a nuisance, and throughout the greater part of the year it is little better than n quagmire. Mud and dust are its chief components, according to the state of the weather. The city authorities have long hold back from undertaking this work, in the hope that the Levy Court of New Castle county would take part in meeting the expense of the improvement. It is understood, however, that the attorney for the Leyv Court is of the opinion that the court has no authority in law to pay any money towards the cost of this work. This opin ion seems sound and reasonable, as the jurisdiction of the Lexy Court in the matter of highways is confined to county roods and does not extend to the streets of Wilmington. For the condition of the causeway continuation of Market street, beyond the city limits, the Levy Court has a direct responsibility, but there is little doubt that its responsibility ends soon os the city line is reached. as It will be well for the Directors of the Street and Sewer Department, therefore, to give immediate attention to the matter of putting South Market street in good condition to meet the demands of vehicu lar traffic. These demands are heavy and the business interests of the city suffer large financial losses, yearly, by reason of the delay to traffic due to the miserable condition of this much-used highway. The only remedy lies in paving the street in a substantial manner. It is true that the de|iartment has on hand many demands than it can comply with, but the pavyng of South Market street is a demand of such an imperative character as to rant immediate action. M var Pral»» for Bigelow. In endeavoring to condemn Poultncy Bigelow, the contumacious witness before a Senate committee, who refused to give the sources of the information which he used in an article attacking the Panama Canal management, the Morning News highly praises him. The laudation is contained in an edi torial in which the News resents the gestion that Bigelow shall be made a martyr through punishment for his tumacy. "He would like," it -'K eon says, "nothing better than to be able to pose aa a martyr, but perhaps a diet of bread and water would not hurt him any if !-> tried it for a few days. But send him to Colon, never! That is where the Sen ate would make a glaring mistake—to return Bigelow to the isthmus to discover so many more things thus for hidden from the public know lodge and only discover able hy a man of his acute nose for locat Gnldev TnlW* Alamwi tiolaey College Alumni, The Alumni of Goldey College held its monthly meeting in the college hull last The following selections were Piano solo Miss Mnrwten soio, vu», Marsaen, ing bad spots." Here is an acknowledgment that Bige low is able to discover glaring defects in the canal administration, ami a practical admission that vvhut he has already vealed is the truth. ro Luke E. Wright of Tennessee, a Demo crat .has been select ml by President Roose velt as the first amlvassador of the United Stales to Japan. We say Democrat, be cause Wright was it Democrat wiieii Presi dent Roosevelt appointed him governor general of the Philippines. Ho may have become a Republican since, but whether he is a convert or still a Democrat, many Republican hearts will lie sore liecause (he President ignored old and tried Republi cans in filling this highly important posi tion. Secretary Root urges consular reform and a modification of the Chinese exclu sion act. Thereby he lays the foundation for much opposition to his Presidential aspirations. evening, rendered. recitatioa. Mi** Berkley; mi Mitchell; recitation, Mr. Wright* vocal solo, Miss A characteristic paper in AUantic on *' ur Anxious Morality will attract alike the enthusiastic admirers of the dimin guishod author, and those who confess %*oranoo and curiosity as to his work. , U f i,h l 1 '? lov ? f ? r P ha f H life a philosophy he espouses in this day of ; rationalism and crumbling shrines, the cause of the imagination and those poeti ca * yearnings that through all time have S* irfad . tha rar * "P ward »"d onward, Now when we are. alas, too familiar with criticism of our untrained diplomatic scr vice, it is encouraging to find in Francis *"*• Swell's paper comparing our ministers " thcr countries, every reason *o be proud of a system that represents a nation by the very flower of its ability and intelligence. Trained in tlio etiquette of courts they may rarely be; unequal to ",', ose j8Ütato ''»tics they may occasion ally prove, but such a list of brilliant and able ministers as the writer cites in a |>eriod of .50 years, gives the reader u thrill °f P r ble and approval. u^* y , A the f . . Cf Ä 'fiS^Ä'foSpro" tuent. Another article of timely interest ** **ie able discussion of ''S|iccial Legis lati "":" ^beroii» Sa .el P. (»rib presents very clearly the enonnous dmadvantages „fVho present private measures, and makes a plea lor a readjustment of methods to conditions. M"? Tf'su "J" *"i d . ™ f h 1,1 *' ,r P ri " them in Albert Scluntz # account of "Esperanto," and the firm footing on which the universal language is already established. This is nariicmarly true in ÜT*" # are 1 lî?, ru . m ""* dal usefulueaa is freely acknowledged. Andrew 8. Draper contributes a thoughtful paper on "The. University Presidency," a careful 8,u dy of the requirements of tliat exacting l® "'XTT Fr ? n f, .i*' < «£•> race», Loren H. H. Knox tells the story of that citv's miraculous evolution, A timely and absorbing article is "The ^ujik, and the New Regime in Russia," « '! y ' by ,,er \* rt . U : ,> »: rro M ** r - V Moss contribute» a di«r run mating of new novel«, and M. A. de Wolf discusses American Biography, '\ ife l rom Vienna" is a touching story ". ,e . cn,lJe picturesqueness of a Polish miner s home; while from the poems we single out as strong, iniibienl and inspiring '*Kbb Tide" by John Finley. CURRENT LITERATURE. bv Maurice Mr. Lowell avoids »nsnlar branch of the sub »ro we fear of ilouling till ii ■ review Howe "The For the present issue of the Metropolit u Magazine Blendon Campbell 1ms painted an exquisite Valentine motive. This is the most strikingly artistic cover-design Mr. Campbell has yet achieved and he is unquestionably tlie ton-most artist in America today whose work appears most frequently as the exterior adornment of the best periodicals. The Metropolitan cover-picture is in fnll-eolor and depicts -dinglv pretty girl reading a valen tine, presumably sent to her by in whom she is deeply interested. The elcverjdrawing of the figure, the tine hand ling of color values, and the whole scheme of the composition make the picture one of tln-fiiclu-ht effects in full-color covers ever offered to tlhc discriminating public. In addition to the illuminated cover is the frontispiece, also in full-color, nad rep duced from the painting by W, Herb Dunlon to illustrate his prose poem. "A Sea Tragedy.". This frontispiece shows a great galleon of the Seventeenth Century engaged in a mid-sea straggle with a pirate ship. The stir and action of the contest ing vessels, the roll and thickening cannon smoko, the turquoise sky and deep blue sea are all conveyed with a pictorial verv e and charm that is indes cribaole. conjunction with his color composition Mr. I 'union has drawn a set of text illus trations. and these, with the story artist-author tells in a thrilling but 1 tiful way,make a very attractive and enter taining feature. The spirit of Saint Valentine will ho found in a numlier of the independent illustrations aa well as on the cover, and a number of dainty poems bearing theme will he printed. Among the poets represented will be Frank Dempster Sher man, Edmund Vance Cooke, Clinton Scol laid and Theodosia Garrison. The man lier will be most profusely illustrated throughout and the several departments will contain material of unusual import ance. ; ll' i'\ *' some nur !.. «'t In the .rail on the Sir, SWABb Will Toaclt tiers. M. B. Swoab, aprominent violin soloist and teacher of Philailelphia, owing to many requests, intends making weekly visits to Wilmington, devoting his time exclusively to teaching. Mr. Swaah comes highly recommended from Europe, ho having received his diploma from the Royal Conservatory of Music of leipzig. Germany, some time ago. He has also received two awards from the Mendel ssohn Society,and lias for many years been connected as violinist with the famous pzig Royal Gewandhaus Orchestra 1er the ronductorship of Arthur Mkisch, formerly of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, from whom he lias received a very distinguished testimonial. Svvaab has taught extensively in Europe with much success and those ilcsiring may I .cl mu Mr address him at his main studio. Weight man Building, 1524 Chestnut street, Philadelphia. St. Barnabas' Guild. At the meeting of St. Barnabas' Guild last evening, at Hiahopstead, the ques tion of a memorial to the late r. Worth ington was discussed. A paper on "The Trained Nurse in the Home" was read by Miss Mabel Jones. Bishop Coleman made an address. THE VALUE OF CHARCOAL. w How Uieful It U In |»p*. ••rvlllg II »»lilt nimI llttNUty. Nearly everybody knows that charcoal is the safest and must efficient disinfectant and purifier in nature, hut few realize its value when lAken Into the human system lor the «mie cleansing purpose. Charcoal Is a remedy that the more you lalre of It the hotter; II is not a drug at all, but simply absorbs the gases and Impuri ties always present in th« stomach and in testin.» and carries them out of the system. Charcoal sweetens the breath after amok Ing. drinking or after eating onions and oilier odorous « egatabk«, Chaicosi effectually clears and Improves the complexion, It whitens the teeth anil farther nets as a natural and eminently safe cathartic. It absorb» Ihe Injurious gases which col lect in Ihe stomach and bowels; it disin fects ttie mouth and throat from the poison of catarrh. All urugglsts sell charcoal in one form or another, but probably the best charcoal and the most for tha money is in Stuart's Charcoal Lozenges; they are composed of Ilia Bliest powdered willow charcoal, and other harmless antiseptics in tablet form or rather In the formol large, pleasant lasting lozenges, the c ha retell Is. Ing mixed with honey. The dally use of these lozenges will soon tell in a much improved condition of the general health, better complexion, sweeter breath and purer blood, and the Is-auly ol it Is, tbat no possible harm can result from their continued use, but on the contrary, great beueSl. A Buffalo physician In speaking of the benefit* ol charcoal says : "1 advise Stuart's Charcoal Lozenges to all patients suffering from gas in the stomach and bowels, and to clear the complexion and purily Ihe breath, month and throat; I aim believe the liver J is greatly benefited by the daily use of I them ; they sort but twenty five cents a box at drug stores, and although in some sense " preparation, yet 1 believe 1 get more and batter charcoal In Stuart's Ohm coal Lozenges than in any of the ordinary charcoal tablets." Vr'W l>upl« K NEW-CENl URÏ CLUB. Announcements for the corning weeks m., Dressmaking Monday- 10.30 Class; 2 i>. m., Advanced German Cl««»; 2.4.3, Beginners' German Class;4 p. m.. Beginners' French Class; 8 p. m., New Century Chorus. a. Tuesday—-10.30 a. m., Current Events Class. Wednesday—4 p. m„ Lecture, "The Knights Templars and Their Story,' Miss Elizabeth Carpenter. Thursday—11.15 a. m. Fencing Class; 2.30 p. m., Physical Culture Class. Saturday—U a. m., Advanced French Class. , Those who have enjoyed in previous listening to Miss Carpenter will he pleased to note the two lectures to be given by her this month, beginning with next Wednesday. Her appreciation of the romantic aiid chivalrous in history and literature is so great that her hearers arc infected by her enthusiasm. -«*.» - 'I'-' Encouraging reports were made hy the leaders of the various reading sections at the Hound Table on Monday. Those who are engaged on "Social Questions," find ing they could get more enjoyment and profit by discussing them in company with others, meet on Wednesday morn ings at 11 o'clock, at the home of Mrs. Alfred D. Warner, where they would he glad to have others who are interested to join them. An interesting paper on "Schiller, the Dramatist," was contribut ed by Mrs. William C. Speakman, who reviewed the various dramas of Schiller, and showed by them his growth in power from his earliest work, "Dio Räuber," to his crowning achievement of "Wiliam Tell. waa very unlike the Germany of today. The twenty-five sovereign States, four kingdoms and the grand duchies and free towns which now are united, were then rival States with no national feeling, no love of country, no noble aspirations for the common fatherland. The Germany of Schiller's time All of these, n I t hough Schiller did not live ta realize them, he saw with the prophetic eye of the poet and taught to his countrymen through the medium of his dramas, and in them may be traced not only his in tellectual growth but his increasing love for freedom, purity, light and truth. Germany the stage has always been » Id powerful means of educating tii anil the products of Schillers philosophy, of his chivalrous mind, lofty aspirations mid rare and generous love of freedom and of humanity paved the way for the great German nation of today. His ship with Goethe was one of the most beautiful in history. Mrs. Speakman de scribed the delightful atmosphere of the "German Athens," the little court of Karl August of Saxe-Wciraer, where these two poets, with Wieland and Herder, lived an idyllic life. The people of Weimer stilt hold in reverence the memory of these men, who once found there so congenial a home, and the modern tendency has beeon to set Schiller even above Goethe in the niche of fame. Reference was made to a recent article in the Atlantic Month ly on the tendency of literature in tier many, by Kuno Francke, as farther il luminating this subject. e masses. frien-l Although the weather was unpropiti ous, there was a large attendance at the Current Events Class, attracted probably by the promise of a paper from "an hon ored charter member," as the chairman called her, Mrs. Clement B. Smyth, "Housekeeping Fifty Years Ago," w hich she »sid was much less complicated than that of today, especially as regards table service. There was not then recognition of individual needs ( or fancied ones) a« the family made common cause with table supplies. Neither was there the thousand and one appointments to make up a table service. It was not then con sidered neemiil that each one should be supplied with individual salt and pepper, instead a family tahlovvas furnished with two generous glass dishes of salt and ample pepper glass, which wore consid ered sufficient (or condiments. Then, too, in that day we were saved the eruharass ment of riches of silver implement« for each course ; saved also the decision as to which end of the array it was liest to comcnce on; whether to eat out from your plate or in; saved also the predica ment of a guest who, by beginning wrong, had only an oyster fork left for his ice So, too, with the innumerable plates of present-day service; formerly if a family was supplied with a change of plates for dessert it was considered ample, and sometimes a piece of bread used to remove the evidences of the first jjort of the meal was not considered ill But if the table service was less elab orate then than now the preparation of food then was greater, for supu not ready for use, but claimed of the housekeeper. Cured meats could not lie bought, so she secured a round of on cream. lies were the. skill beef in the market and vied with other housekeepers as to who should have the best in color, quality and tenderness. Then her calves' feet jelly, if trouble some to make was exquisite in.clearness and flavor, ami the pronouncement, of it "a perfect success'' paid for days of labor. 1 hose wer# the d&yi when sucres««»'.» woro generously shared and a sick neightsu was liable to receive a jelly bird's nest with blanc mange eggs to tempt the ap petite. But the crucial test of skill was m preparing fruits for winter use, when jars with glass tops snd dainty rubbers to exclude the air were not to be had, but the housekeeper had to make her own ce ment to use with stone jars. The odors still linger in memory when glue was melted and thickened with powdered brick dust, while to prevent any taste of this leaking through the corks, plu«ter 15>ns was first put over them. Tlien ea the crucial ■ ■ t _came moment, when the cement was heated and thickened ami the i... was to be inserted in the liquid mass. It to turn the "" -- ... luAi-i w-u in UK- uq was thought most effectual i___ _ „„ mouth of the jar into it to insure smooth and safety, but sometimes the skill was not eoual to the «Jemand and cork, plaster and fluid broke bounds and empty ing into the cement waa te, be eonsigne.1 to waste of time, temper and material. There is.howerer.no change in domes uo life more apparent than servi», both in what «'«expert nnd what we pay (or it. Then «1.23 a week was considered K°od wages, only *2 being paid for a housekeeper. Hut it was not only in the i-ompensation, but the demand on time and service, for now it i, incumbent on the housekeeper to make less and less ilenuind on the tin,» or ability of those She employ, while in the <,|«ien time a division of labor w«« not so zealouslv gn«id.'d lest one have more to do than i ', h t n th * '«rtant question - »'"'pliflcd ami made more ef fective by wilhagnesa on ths part of the housekeeper to take young girls and teach domestic servie, to too» who w're ready and gl»d to rereive instruction, recogniiecd fifty years «go that we had emerged (rom toc H ness another. Wo ,. .... •« candles and could,«peak of them as "the light of other , *■'* , »• had not attained bril nancy m light. In the country where there was no gas and electric lights ware undreamed of, wo were content, indeed thought ourselves brilliant »uh lamp». I Cee Robinson About PRINTING. 718 Market St. Both Phones. V Anti-Bribery Pledge! I do hereby solemnly promise, on my cred honor, that I will not, directly or indl rectly, pay, offer or promise to pay; contribute or offer or promise to contribute, any monej or other valuable thing as a consideration ol reward for the giving or withholding a voteal any general, special or primary election to bl held in this State; and will not, by the use o| promise of money or other valuable thing, o| otherwise, cause or attempt to cause any on cer of election o: registration officer to violât I his official duty, or by like means influence ol attempt to influence any person to be regisl tered or abstain from being registered; and t| do all in my power to enforce the provision! of the Constitution and statutes of this Stall against bribery. S; Name Representative Dist No. CountJ remember the criticism of our lighted par lor when a brother brought his bride for the home welcome. In an aside he said: "Can't you make a better light?" and 1 looked indignantly at him and replied: "There are two extra lamps on the man tel and they each have two wicks, we learned to know what light really was when we came into the possesion of a lamp in which melted lard was burned. To be sure its effect hod to be accelerated by the use of a red hot poker to melt the lard before the flame was glowing and radiant. Those were the days when did not look for anything better than hud lamps or conceive that anything could be more brilliant; days when elec tric lights were undreamed of, telephones not imagined, telegraphs not even a re possibility, in an age of progress which must have astonished our ancestors. Much discussion followed, both «loud and sotto voce. One thought housekeep ing in olden times must have been easier, for she could remember in her grand mother's placid face, in spite of water to pumjied and all the work for a large d hospitable family to bo done with only the aid of one old servant and the little colored girl, who was always being raised. But then women knew their busi ness in the house and trained Uieir vants themselves. They seemed to have everything ready beforehand; the family vvnjtcd on themselves; the daughters helped and even visitors took care of their own rooms and often helped some with the work, and thereby felt more at home. Then housekeeping was the whole business of life; now even the maids have their engagements at parties and operas. Even the mere matter of dishwashing is a great item when so many courses arc served. One who counted found seventy pieces tobe washed after an ordinary sup per, but fortunately there is a tendency to turn back towards as people are tired But !ii,'ii and yet we felt that we lived lie -■ r lo turn Duck toward* greater simplicity, as people arc tired of eating seven or eight courtises ; but we will probably never get back to the labor-saving days where a hostess sometimes asked her guests to please pass up their saucers to be rinsed ready for the preserves. Two promised recipes are as follows; Mush bread—Separate snd beatlight four I'ggs; heat a pint of milk; when hot add three quarters of a eup of white corn meal; cook two minutes. Take from the fire .add yolks of eggs, then whites, to which add a little salt. Bake 20 minutes and serve in dish in which it was baked. Drop bread—One quart of flour, one tablespoon cottolene or lard, two tea spoons of baking powder, one tablespoon of sugar ard salt Rub the flour and cottolene together until thoroughly mix ed; add the salt, baking powder and sugar and mix with milk (about two cups) to a very stiff batter, then drop from the end of a spoon in little oblong mounds in a greased pan an.t bake in a hot oven. These biscuit can he made nnd baked in 20 minutes. A piano snlo was kindly plaved by Miss Rile. The report on home politic« dealt with the apparent retrogression in po litical affaira in Philadelphia and the friction between the President and Con gress. Mrs. Baylis reported dramatic af fairs, pest and to come, and cloaed with the mention of a committee appointed in Hpriugfield, Mas,., for the eeîSwshlp of plays to he given there, a good example for other eitle» to follow. Mrs, Harlan Cause read a review of the wonderful hapfiemngH and achievement« of the vear 1905, and closed by reading a humorous pociu. Ihe programme lot next week is; Foreign science, politics. Miss Sisson; nstuia Miss Pearson; poetry, Mil Wentz; music hy Mrs. Smith, illustrât»! by i.iiss Lore. A. S.N THE LATE ALLEN SPEAKMAN. I In looking over some old letters today,# find one from my much esteem« d and mua loved friend, the late Allen Speaktnan fl was written not very long before his deal» He frequently sent me quotations from!» favorite authors, and this letter rontwsM one of them. The lines were written bS Cowper, and are the reflections ni tiifl worthy scholar and poet on one of odes. The lines are as follows, and evfl dently reflect the mind and heart ol ufl dear Mr. Speakman, too; B And Is this all ? Cun reason do no mon, | Than hid me shun the deep and oread Hfl shore ? 9 Sweet moralist! Afloat on life's roujiisaB The Christian liai an art unknown to UmB He holds no parley with unmsnly loan, ■ Whore duty bids he confidently «nei»; M Faces a thousand dangers St her njfl And trailing in his Ctoil, surmounts ihem«IH Mr. Speakman was a member of th# Society of Friends. He was a deep think«® and st udent, and had at his command fl fund of information that was simply mm# velous. Beginning life as a teac her, hfl made splendid use of his talents, and MVtfl in my life have 1 met a man who cod# give, off hand, so many details of the hit» tory of our country, and of the Civil IVw| Ho was on the battlefields with the Hedl Cross (or a similar society), to take care ol the dead and wounded, and he pas«# through some experiences which were m«i thrilling and interesting I Perhaps no man knew more about the! growth of Wilmington during the last Wj years than Mr. Speakman. IdontifiedJ closely with the business interest- of thsl city, especially with the public schools. «■ which lie was an enthusiastic advocstjfl Mr. Speakman's conversations about t->9 general interests of Wilmington were edilyfl mg and instructive. Mr! Speakman hatslfl a humbug as the devil is said to hate ha* water! Ho told me that once on a time had been given conlrac-ts for some work « a large coqioration. The officer who the contract came to him one day, «»■ said, "Now 1 want you to put me im "I my priv ate residence, a new water closfi.M bathroom. Ac., and charge it to the coro-M pany." I can yet see Mr SpealnnssJM eyes flash as he was telling me, and he he then and there declined such na tni-M pudi-nt proposition, as ho told the nias some things salutary and emphai" '• subject of honesty. , Mr. Speakman waa a warm friend »*> admirer of the great statesman. , Thomas F. Bayard. He was «rqusintrtl with most of the prominent men ol l '7 State, and followed closely the hi*l |,r )' 01 the United Stat*-a Senator- and foi-grese men. One of his great favorites »" Lincoln, of whom he always spoke enthusiasm. Une of 13 children, hestsrted hfe ' humble circumstances, and aro-e t" Y " | C; dint of industry und integrity to ihc P>*~| deney, and principal owner, of the latffr plumbing establishment in Delaware. " me he seemed to have died young, tej just 70. But his appearance indicated • man much younger. i>,'b Eben N. Baldwin Claymont, January 18th, 1906. Hound Adficf. Never neglect ■ htd cold. To« «•■ n . tell how it ro#y rueult. A #HnrJ 0 u remedy will often bring relief #nd •'* not bo ignored, but there 1# nothing *® .. liable et Cb« in be rli In'* Cough Kero*^- * !• feinoui for it# quick cure# of oougi* 1 .U*«