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' t- i s - '" i' f THE WASHINGTON TIMES VOL. 1. JSO. 17. WASHINGTON, D. C, TUESDAY MORNING, APEHi 3, 1894. 1 ONE CENT. SBP5!!BpfPF' J i A PUTTING HIM OK THE RACK Co!. Breckinridge Nettled by Judge Kilon's Embarrassing Questions. TO RECONCILE HIS DUAL LIFE As AnticipatDd,;tho Cross-Examination Was Along This Line The letters Written by Kiss Ionise Lowell Figure Prominently. Defendant Continues His Denials. Great expectations have been focussed npon tL sross-cxaminatlon of CoL W. O. P. Breckinridge by ex-Congressman Jcro M. Wilson, particularly here in Washington whero tho abilities of both men aro appre ciated. The expectation began to bo realized after tho noon recess yesterday -when tho colonel was delivered over into the hands of his opponents. llo had continued his story of tho intrigue With Madeline Tollard through tho morning, entering many and reiterated denials of various statements matlo by her, nnd relating his own version of tho interviews "with tho Washington chief of police, anil of tho corre spondence between himself and tho plaintiff. Ho had been testifying for nearly two court days when his direct testimony was finished, nnd although Mr. Wilson plied him with quesi tlons all the afternoon, the cross-examination seemed to have been but just begun. It had been expected that tho colonel would bo requested to reconeilo his position as a churchman and a moralist with his course of conduct, and this expectation was not a mis guided one, for the examination took that di rection from the start. Tho first time that the defendant has shown marked embarrass ment during tho trial was when an em elopo was nanueii up to mm wifb the request that ho read tho direction and tho contents, w hich ho did with some reluctnnce, because it was nn invitation sent to Mi-s l'ollard in Tebru ary, 1893, requesting tho honor ot her prcs enco at a reception to bo given in honor of lion. W. C. I. Breckinridge at the Norwood Institute, and tho Norwood Institute is tho most exclusive nnd fashionable seminary for young ladies in Washington, patronized by tho first families of Virginia and the South. An embarrassing presumption, vvhlchjudge Wilson clung to throughout, was that the same standard of morality should bo de manded of men as of women. Along this lino ho questioned tho graj -haired Congress man upon h:s reading of Byron and Burns, nnd when tho uttornev- across tho table inter posed objections, ho justified his course with tho reminder that tho samo question had been asked his client. To establish tho fact of tho colonel's famil iarity with these two poets. Judgo Wilson quoted several passages from "Tho Cotters' baturday Night" aDd other publication''. which contained a decidedly personal appli cation, and under w Lleh the witness could not help a wince. Then ho tested his recol lection regarding Louis XIV. Henry VIII, tho 1'ourth George, and other historical per sonages noted for their disregard ot marital relation, putting the witness in a position which might hae been laughable had it not been too serious. Again the colonel was impaled upon tho horns of a dilemma when his inquisitor led him artfully to repeat the adieo which ho alleges ho had given Miss l'ollard; that, hav ing bet-n intimato with Mr. Ithodcs, her only honorable eourso was to marryhim, made him chooso between admitting that the same rule must apply to his case or that he estab lished a different basis of action under such -circumstances for a man and a woman. Be tween tho two alternatives CoL Breckinridge choso tho loser evil, averring that he would tender different advico to a 3 oung woman and n joungman. rinally, at tho close of tho day, having secured tho statement that ho had written no letters to Madeline Pollard- in 18SC, Mr. Wil ton sprung something very llko a trap by dropping into a lino of questioning which in dicates that ho has in reserve testimony to show that tho member Irom Kentucky dic tated underground letters through a" type writer at the Capitol. Then for tho first timo tho defendant seemed to lose bis temper and jmuu most strenuous ucniais. Jine tjpewrilcr whose testimony is next in order is Miss Lowell, now a clerk in tho Treasury Depart ment. Curiosity over tho personages in tho case prows more conspicuous and eager with every day. Women were in tho corridors of tho court house peering through two sets of win dows to sco the silver-tongued witness, while man women were conspicuous in tho crowd which gathers daily to seo tho principals come from thocourt. TheydidnotsceMissPollard yesterday for she had departed early In tho afternoon, soon after tho cross-examination was begun. Tho carriage rido of August. 1892. when. Miss Tollard had said. Col. Brockinridgo had made tho first formal proposal of marriage to her, was tho first subject to which Col. Breck inridge addressed himself when ho took tho stand in tho circuit court jesterday morn ing. Ho denied with his customary reitera tion that any such rido had taken place, that ho had rondo any proposal, that ho had talked over family matters. Then, continuing, he said: "I never nskod tho plaintiff to givo up any child; I never knew tho plaintiff had any living child; I ne er at any time spoko of marriage to tho plaintiff before the death of mv late wife." Denying tho com ersation which Miss Tol lard said took place at tho Hoffman house to tho effect that a conipanv had been formed by Whitney and Fairchlld which he was to represent, he said he had not seen the pliin tiff on the 30th of April; that ho had not been nlisent for a moment from the side of his wife that day, a3 he had not been married fort -eight hours. He never had any business ar rangements with the gentlemen mentioned, never contemplated a visit to Europe, never spoke of intending marriage. Then Mr. Buttcrworth called his attention again to tho interview in the office of Major Moore. "My recollection is that it was a much shorter visit than Major Moore has said," ho Mrs. Blackburn was concerned, so far as our sexual relations were concerned. The only thing left open was regarding the child. Isaid to her that if it was my child, as I only partially believed it was, I wanted to educate it, to take case of it, to ghu it every chance possi ble for a child born out ot wedlock, and in tho meantime sho was to have every care and tenderness. We parted without anger and on that understanding." Col. Breckinridge hero devoted consider able time to tho explanation of various letters nnd telegrams sent by him to tho plaintiff, to Major Moore, and others. Those letters had been placed in evidence by the plaintiff. He also told of his publio denials of his engage ment to Miss Pollard and tho reason therefor. "Did tou," risked Mr. Uutterwortb, "have any sexual relations with tho plaintiff alter the B9th of April, war This is the date on which the defendant was secretly married to Mrs. Wing. "I did not after the S3th of April, 1893. 1 did not have any sexual relations with tho plaintiff whatever. It is absolutely false. I never had sexual intercourse with the plilntlff after I re turned to Yv ashlngton on the 31st day of March, .at any time or nny place. 1 returned on tho 31st ot Alnrch and had tho conversation with Mrs. Blackburn. The plaintiff and. 1 had no sexual relations on that day nor ever af tor that day. "Tno arranrement made nrior to mv going to Mrs. Blackburn s as a condition to my Koing to Mrs. Blackburn's, aud as tho only reason I would goto Mrs. Ulackburu's, was that our relations should terminate, that she should leave the city of asblnctou, aud that tho relations between herself and Mrs. IHackburn sboald be allotted to die out gradually, and 1 should support the plaintiff until sho should find sorno farorable vo cation." Speaking of tho plaintiff's employment in tho Census Office, Col. Breckinridge said she had lost it during his absence, when bo thought sho was harshly treated. Miss l'ollard mado a remark exprcssinggratlflcatlon at the death of Gen. Sherman, as was published at tho time, although Col.Breckinrldgodid not men tion it. Ho had assisted her lu getting books from tho Congressional Library, sending a list by tho page. Had never lurnlshed her with a translation of thoOdSsey. It was ten minutes before 12 when Mr Buttcrworth an nounced that tho direct examination had fin ished, although there might be a few more questions, and asked for a recess to enable him to look over his notes. So tho recess as announced earlier than usual until 12.45. "Take the witness," said Mr. llutterworth at tho beginning ot the afternoon session' and Mr. ilson, reminding CoL lfrecLInridge of his early educational adv autages, asked him what prepar atory schools he had attended, and then asked, "i ou had uuusual educational advantages'" v ery unusual," w as trio repij "And unusual society advantages?" " cs, sir." ',ou began tho practice of low when?" "In 1W7." "V our practice was interrupted by the war?" " es. sir; and I returned in 1SG.V " as jour professional career Interrupted by difficulties with jour clients? ' "It was not." " eio your friends not obliged to raise money to help J ou out of trouble'" "1 became greatly involved In trying to savo Borne friends Irom bankruptcy, but did not hare trouble with cllenta" 4,,i our friends v ere not obliged to return money you had misappropriated" "Ttiey w ero not." Relating his connection with educational institutions. Col. Breckinridge said that ho hadbe'-nn lecturer for several ears. had been nominnllj a trusti eofthebayrelnstitute, tho femalo seminary attended by tho pl-iin-tiff. " Your f athor was a minister of tho gospel and president of a college. Of what denominaticn?" "Iho Presbyterian " "Are you a niemU-r of that church? ' "In tho sense that I am borne on Its rolls. I became a member in 19, and have never with drawn." "ou have taken an interest in the church?" In the sense of contributing so far as my means would allow and giving legal advice when It was wanted. 1 bate no recollection of ever addressing a presbytery or synod. 1 was never an officer of tbo church. In 1SW. at tho centen nial meeting in Mdladelpbia, 1 addressed the meeting on Calv inlsm and Religious 1 reedom.' " "Have you taken an active interest In Sunday school wcrk" "I havo never been a teacher sinco I left the confederate army. It depends on what you mean by an active interest." Judge Bradley being a prominent Presby terian, here averted bis bead. " Have you lectured before young ladies' sem inaries' - askco Jir. vvnscn. YOORHEES OPENS THE FIGHT Discussion of the Bill Begun in tne Senate Yesterday. ALLISON WILL FOLLOW TO-DAY Indiana Senator Declares That Protection Has Increased Faster Than Wages De nounces tho Sugar Bounty Favors an In come Tax and Increased Whisky Duty. amidst darkened homes and flagrant distress, but growing fatter,, stronger, and more de fiant as the days and tho years go by. He who has spent his life in making an amuse ment of wealth looks out upon the poor, tried, tolling world as If from n fortified castle. He feels himself sumptuously provisioned against all wants, and amply protected against all contract or concern with the labor-stained millions who struggle Irom one ocean to tho other for tho meuns of existence. BENEDICT FOR PUBLIC PRINTER. Senator Voorhees, chairman of tho Senate Finance Committee, opened tho tariff debato yesterday by a speech unfolding its purposes. There was a very full attendanco on both sides of the Senate, and tho galleries wcro crowded. The speech was read, but with great force and vigor, so that it was almost as effective as if it had been delivered from memory. lhoSenutor preceded his remarks by de claring that tho mischief of, thirty jears of Republican tariff-making could not bo done away with in a day and that tho present bill had many imperfections, it was, however, the best that could bo prepared under tho cir cumstances. He then pointed out where the reductions in tho presont bill, amounting to $70,070,000, wcro, tho freo list, amounting in round numbers to $12,000,000, woolen manufactures to 23,500, 000, and metals to 2,500,000. An estimate of exponditures for tho fiscal year 1895 fol-1 lowed, showing the total to bo about 6151, 000,000, whilo tho total receipts after tho pas sago of the bill would be routhlv fl80.000.000. The Senator next pointed out that tho Mc Kinley tariff was of necessity unstable; that It was only existent by tho forbcaraneo of tho people, nnd declared that since tho Republi can party camo into power thirt-threo years ago wages had not kept pace with tho increaso in protection. Ho then continued in part as follow 9: "Manufacturers of iron and stool were es pecially favored by tho law of 1890, and they talked then as they do now about the necessity of high protection for themselves in order to enable them to better pay their hired labor. They plead then, as they do now, for more money for themselves on tho prcteuso that "they wouldd divide with tho men and women who toifed In their service. Tho w hole world has taken notice, not only of their false hood and perfidy, but also of tho ghastly results wnicn loiiowed. Vtago re ductions, strikes, lockouts and labor strifes of all kinds contending for fair treatment at tho Lauds of capital in every branch of tnanu- laeturlug nave never been so prevalent in American nistory as since October i, 1890, when thoJIcKinley bill became u law. "A compilation of facts on this subject, of the most remarkable and startling character, has been mado by Hon. John Do Witt Warner, an able and distinguished member of the House of Representatives from the state of New York. It Is shown b him in chronoligical order, beginning in October, lbCO. that within the next two vears. tho 31c- Kinlcy law all the while prevailing, more than 500 strikes and violent contentions be tween labor and capital on tho subjoct of wages took place in various states in the Union; almost an averago of one strike or collision for each and ev ery w orking day dur ing mat entire penoa. "Another objection, however, persistently urged against the pending bill as it has been reported Irom the nutuico Committee of the Senate, cltinis attention at this point There are two directlv opposing policies in reirard O. I have adwesiin icneels. Iectnred-ima4-h?-i'?-0por method of levying importduties acllvereu diplomas at times. His Nomination Sent to the Senate Yester day at Noon. Thomas E. Benedict has been chosen for Public Printer, as had been generally antici pated. Tho resignation of Mr. Palmer was handed in yesterday morning and the formal nomination of Mr. Benedict sent to the Sen ate at noon. As is well known, the appointee was Public Printer during Mr. Cleveland's first term, ne is an editor, ex-deputy secretary of state, nnd resides in Ellenville, N. Y. In politics he is a Cleveland Democrat, although he has not of lato been very active in tho faction fights in tho state. His record for reforms and good management as Public Printer in tho last term is given as tho reason for his appointment NO MORE BANDBOX SOLDERS Governor Tillman's Scathing Reply to the Newberry Rifles' Resignation. THEIR DUTY WAS DISTASTEFUL He Wants to Teach Them a Lesson and Dismisses Them from the Service De clares the Action of tho Newberry Com pany Mutinous. NEW COMMISSIONER CHOSEN. J. D. Ycomans, of Iowa, Will Succeed the Lato Judge .McDill. J. 1). Ycomans has been appointed to fill tho vacancy caused by the death of Judgo McDill on tho Interstate Commerce Commis sion. Mr. Yeomans is a resident of Sioux City and a senator in tho Iowa state legisla ture. A few years ago Mr. Yeomans lived in Buf falo, und it was there that tho President learned by personal contact of his worth as a man and his practical knowledge of railroad affairs. At that timo Mr. Yeomans was gen eral manager of the New York and Pennsyl vania railroad. Mr. -Mulioucj- as I ord High Executioner. Leda.o.n, Ky., April 2. Lewis J. ltatllf was killed at Howardstown Sunday by Mr. Ma honey. Batlif went to Mahoney's distillery early and quarreled with the owner, who struck him a fearful blow on tho head with a hatchet. Thu infuriated man then dragged Batllf's llfe!e--3 form a short distance, nnd placing his neck across a log, completely sev ered the head from the body. ltatllf leaves a widow and several children. Mahoney is a quiet and peaceable man and has never be fore been In trouble. You were civen a ttubllc retention nt thn Norwood Institute In this city?" ' Oh, yes." Tbcrcur on Mr. Wilson handed up to tho colonel and requested him to read an invita tion which he had sent to Miss Pollard in Tcbruary, 1S93, requesting the pleasure of her company at a reception to Hon. W. C. r. Breckinridge, at the Norwood Institute, which ho read. By questions concerning the colonel's resi dence in Lexington In 1881 Mr. ilson elicited the information that his homo was on the same street with tho house of Sarah Guess, lour uiocks away, men ne asked, "now Ion which fill 1 as a tax on purchasers and con sumers. One policy demands that specific rates, 'tis they are known, shall be levied on importations without reference to their value, but according to quantity or mere descrip tion. This is the favorite "device ot high pro tection. It completely covers from tho plain tax pa ing people tho actual amount they hav o to ray. The object in laying specific duties liko these and others is plainly manifest It is not desirable on the part ol protected wealth t)iat tho people should know how much trib ute they pay. or to what extent they aro plun dered, bucclfic duties are therefore assessed. not according to the well-known methods of had you known Sarah Guess?" to which Col. purchase and estimate of values In daily prac Breckinridgo answered. "Oh. I can't tell, tico by the plain, laboring people, but by continued. "It was rapid and excited. Tho young woman did most of tho talking." This statement Mr. Breckinrldgo desired to mnko to correct on impression Mnior Moore had given that the conversation had lasted a much longer time. Ho went over tho con versation heretofore given in this interview, and which, included tho statement to the plaintiff that "I will marry ou tho last day of tho month if God don't interpose." Continuing the description of the second visit to tho major, he slid: "Yo agreed to say that sho was-going tbScsi Y'ork to have a child; that I was the nuthor of her pregnancy. We agreed on all buf one point Sho insisted, crying several times, that I should tell Major Mooro I was tho only man who had ever been Jntlmato with her. I declined to do that I said I had put myself in tho power of her and Major Moore already, and I would refuse to say to any man that I had seduced her. Then ho said she would not go. As sho turned her jacket back I saw the gleam of a pistol in her bosom. Isaid: 'Y'ou aro sitting close tome," and sho replied: 'I will use that on myself if I do on nn body.' Then describing the sceno at tho offlco of tho Chief of Police, where they sat on tho sofa. tlACnffl "Sim OA;J l. Jl n.a.J l.u ..., ....u a t,Uuu iu uu ujs;iusueu w im the form in which I made tho statement. Sho took out the pistol and looked nt it. I said, You had better let Major Moore tako that and make you n Christmas present of it' Then I said that nobody could sav that I had seduced her, because tho first nigh I saw her I took liberties with her and tho second night I slept with her. I mnde this statement about Dot seducing her with considerable foreo, even temper." Tho account of this interview in Major Jlooro s office differed from tho version of it given by that official and by tho plaintiff. Continuing his recital regarding the ar rangements for iliss Pollard's visit to New York for confinement, CoL Breekinridre said she only wanted to arrive there with $10 in her pocket, because she was afraid if sho had moro sho would como back to Washing ton. Sho was to stop at So. 7 Thirty-first Street, whero she would have tmnil fm "I considered the problem settled, so far as Perhaps twenty j eats. "Did you know the character of her house?" "I diil." "Had you ever been thero before you went with the plalntlnr. "1 had." "1 hen I understand that before you met tho plaintiff you had for years known Sarah Ouess, know n tho character of tho hous, aud had been thero before ycu went with tho plaintiff?" "hach of those statements Is true." Turning to the letter produced by tho de fense nnd purporting to havo como from Miss Pollard. Mr. 'Wilson asked where the envelope was, and Mr. Breckinridge replied that it had been lost. It was his general custom to preserve all his letters, but tho first letter from tho plaintiff ho could not find. "You havo received a great many letters from her" "I have," "And you are only ablo to produco ot all of mem wnai is canea mis wooaen or dummy letter?" "I do not admit that it was a dummy letter. I havo not said so After tho relations which grew up between the plaintiff and myself ou tho ist 01 AURUEi, i55i, 1 uia not want to preserve tho letters because of many references in them " "lou havo received many telegrams from the plaintiff?" "I novcr was in tho habit of preservlnc tele grams " bo that of all of your correspondence with tho plaintiff, extending over nine years, ou have enly this letter'' "It seems so" Mr. Wilson requested n specific account of all Miss Pollard had said during the first visit of Col. Breckinridge to the Wcsleyan seminary, and that interview was again dis sected, the colonel denving that Miss Pollard had said it was part of her agreement with Ithodes to repay the money he had advanced for her schooling if she did not marry him, but explained that she had asked if it would not be all right if she repaid tho money. In his most pathetic tones tho colonel re peated all tho details of tho Interview, bow she had insisted upon telling him all, and ho nau remonstratea mat tnere were things see probably did not want to say to n stranger, advising her to go to her grandfather, mother, or uncles. "Thero is nn impression on my memory," he said, "although I cannot remember her language after ten ears, that sheaidsho had given him ev en a higher proof of her in tention to marry him. Then I told her that she could not afford not to marry him." "And that same rule would apply to a man under the same clrcumstancos?" " ell, that is a question of casuistry or soci ology I would not care to answer. If you would ask mo whether I would advieo a young woman who had sexual intercourse with a man to marry him, I vouId say yes, but w 1th a man it would be different, for the knowledgoof It by tho public would destroy tho woman and would only Injure the man." " ould not hurt the man?" "Oh, It would not Injure him so much as tho woman, boclety looks upon these things differ ently. If a young man should come to mo under certain circumstances I would advise him to marry a woman, under other circumstances I would say to him better death or helL I am not talking of tho Justico of "Oh, no," interrupted Mr. Wilson, with a con temptuous ah, "I was not asking you about jus tice.'' "Are you a member of tho Christian Enit-.-n.-i-. Society?" "Xo, sir." "Bid you take tho Christian Endeavor pledge?" "N'ovcr. 1o bo candid, I will say that 1 was twico invited to deliver an address nt tha nnmiAi meetings in Now York and Montreal on "The Possibilities of the Present Aeo" I wanted very much to deliver tnat, but was prevented." By further questioning Mr. Wilson elicited tho information that tho colonel last Jnne had delivered a speech to a woman's society in Nashville and been presented a basket of Sowers. Ho denied that he bad said that he bad no wife to present them to in his response, and was anxious to explain what he hod Bald, but Mr. Wilson would not permit nrbitrnrv mips which bnvn nn intolH'-nnt inaniug except to expert manu'acturers who J 'anl stake. prom oy mem. "In the history of tariff legislation in this government, from the first act in 1789 to tho Two Bodies Yet In the .Mine. WiLKEsninnE, Pa., April 2. The eleventh body in tho Gaylor mine, that of John Ham mer, was discovered shortly afternoon to-dav. It was brought to tho surface at 3.30 o'clock. Tho remains were identified by means of a beltw hich Hammer wore around his waist The bodies of only two of the thirteen victims now remain in tho ill-fated mine Thomas Picton, tho foreman of tho gang, and Daniel Morgan. It Is expected that tho rescuers will como upon their bodies to-night or to morrow morning. Violated tho Contract-labor Law. BiLTiaonc, Md., April 2. Manager Robert Glrvln, of tho tln-plato works In this city, was released to-day on his own recognizance to nppenr before the grand jury on tho charge of violating the contract-labor law. Tho prose cution is instituted by the Amalgamated As sociation of Iron, fcteel, and Tin Workers, who allege that twelvo men from Swansea, Wales, landed In Boston in May, 1893, were brought hero by Glrvm in violation of the law. Work for Idle Hands to I)t. Woosocket, It L, April 2. The Allco and Millville. mills of the- United States llubber Company nnd tho Lawrence Fcltin, Com pany, of Millville, posted notices to-day that work would be resumed with full foreo April 1G. Th'-y have been shut down for months past, and employ 3 000 hands. Tho Marvel" Hubber Compauy started UD to dav after n three-months' shut-down. Henry of aorrc Is AH Night. LExrOTo:-, Ky., April 2. Henry ot Na varre, Byron McClelland's great three-year-old, was not so badlv injured as at first sup posed, and ho will bo seen in tho Brookhn handicap barring any further accident. He is taking his work as usual, and will leave for Nashville ou April 10. with McClellnnd's slrlng. His flrt sttrt will bo in tho Cumber- CoLtraniu, S. C, April 2. There is no war Uko aspect about the capital city to-day and evcrj thing i3 peaceful. Tho guards at tho executive mansion have been withdrawn, all tho local militia are giving up their guns, nnd Governor Tillman himself eays: "The worst is over and order now reigns." Throughout tho day the Governor has had offors of their services from several outside military companies, all of which ho ha3 de clined. Tho telegraph censorship has not been discontinued, but tho Governor him self passes upon all telegrams, rejecting some and changing others. The sensation of the day here was tho re fusal of tho Newberry Rifies to remain stationed nt the telegraph offices to supervlso tho telegrams and their notice to tho Gov ernor ot their resignation. At a dress parado to-day of tho troops stationed here the follow ing letters were read by Judgo Advocate John Gary Evans: C0LCJIBU,S.C,April2,189L To His Excellency IS. It Tillman, Governor of South Carolina. Bear Sir I have tho honor to Inform you that wo, the "ewberry Itlfles, havo performed tho duties 11 sslgnod us, that of guarding the state LOU50 and telegraph offices. The latter duty bclnexcoediuffly distasteful to tho entire com maud, and as tho company respoadod to your order to appear hero undor tho belief that they were neoded for tho purpose of protecting life and property and not for the purpose of exercising a scrutiny over tho privato affairs of tho citizens of froctli Caro lina, a duty not only distasteful, but in the Judcmentof the company unnecessary nnd cal culated to iiritite tho people all tho moro under the present state of affairs, tho members of this company not caring to be subj-ct to such orders in tho future, beg leavo herewith to tender their rerlgnatlon and tu say that their arras, ctn, aro at your command. h. J. UcCjUbiiEr. Captain, Nowterry ltlffes. Headquarters. Executive Mansion, Columbia. b. U, April S, lbi. CapL S. J. McCaugbey, commanding Newberry lilffes "bin Your communication of this date has ust been received. Lndcr tho laws of south Caro lln 1 tho Governor Is clothed with discretion and power to call out the militia whenever In the Judgment of tho Governor It may bo necessary, j the militia shall be subject to the same rules and articles of war as troona of tha ITnltl States 'ihoactlonof your company and vourdarlnir to send It to me underthese rules Is mutiny and nn insult to tho comraander-hvchlef, who was given his commission bythopeoile. The duty of the soldier and the militia are Boldlers when called into service Is blind obedience to orders from their superiors and not to question them In any degree, lou have failed to learn thenrst lesson, and I will make of you and your com pany an example. Your resignation Is not ac cented, but jou are dismissed from tha service of the state as unworthy to wear its uniform. The arms and other state prope rty In your possession will be delivered to CoL John Gary Watts, assistant adjutant and inspector general, and you can depart to your homes. ou do not deserve It, but I will pay your hotel bill, and I trust that I may never do bothered with any mere such bandbox and holiday sol diers. B. R. Tillman. Governor and Coramander-In-Chiet ThoTealling of the Governor's reply to 21c Caughej's brought deafening applause from tho 200 troops, who are all supporters of tho Governor. Their enthu-lasm was so great that Ihey continued to cheer loudly for "B-n Tilltnun" after marching back into tho peni tentiary grounds. them was from the editor of tho Atlanta Con stitution. Tho Governor sent him the follow ing reply: I have no time for any lengthy story now. My side of the situation is that of the exocutlvo of tho state upholding Its laws end suppressing dis order. This I have done In splto or disgraceful conduct of apartof tboinilltla. tvcrythlnjls now Quiet B. It '1ILUIAV, Governor. AINSWORTH IS RESPONSIBLE "A NECESSAUY SACRIFICE." Thus South Carolina's Governor Charac terizes the Dispensary Riots. Special to tho Associated Press Columbia, S. C, April 2. Governor Till man was asked to-night by the correspondent of tho Associated Prcs3 how long ho would keep the state troops at Darlington. Ho re plied that his intention was to seo that the constables obtained fair play at tho inquest over tho bodies of the men who were killed last Friday. He did not propose to let tho con stables nppear there without military protec tion. Ho further 6tatcd that tho troops would bo held under arms until tho raiding of tho Florence and Timinonsv file dispensaries had been investigated. The Governor declares that he will herealter enforce the dispensary law more rigidly than ever. Said ho: "The blood which has been shed at Dar lington and e'sewhero in the enforcement of tho dispensary law was a necessary sa"rlflce to the Moloch of whisky, and this insurrec tion is tho last expiring "agonies of tho whisky ring." -Military Control the Wires. Bessettsville, S. C, April 3. At 2.13 a. m. tho military aro in full control of the telegraph office. LITTLE RHODY'S LABOR YAR. The Grand Jury Indicts Him for Man slaughter At Ford's Theater. SIX ALLEGATIONS SPECIFIED It Is Believed That the Kew Indictment Ii Legally Perfect Sasse and Covert Not In dictedExaminations of the Applicant! for Damages 'Will Begin Soon. Tvvelvo Hundred Weavers Leave Their Looms and Go on n Strike. PnoviDESCE, R. I., April 2. Tho b'ggest labor war Rhodo Island has ever seen is on. It Is a struggle of tho weavers again3t the two-loom system, a war against movements which they claim is impracticable. In Manton and Lymonsville, R. I., and Lawrence, Mass., tho introduction of tho sys tem has caused strikes, nnd to-day the weavers of the Riverside mills at OIneyvillo, after making a last demand, left their looms and the weave shops aro silent. Twelvo hun dred employes will again bo idle, and the second big strike within three months will disturb Olneyville. All of the weavers went out nnd are determined to stay out until they are victorious. DYOTT A REGULAR MORMON. Attempt to Hum a State Armory. vvoo:. socket, R. I., April 2. An attempt present dav. there is one ennctment which 1 was rr.udn in 1mm tlio .tntrt .nrm.- hm nrt. f Artila Anf In llfr w! .1-in Ifi . iia .mi.A MM.t fix i . core-over ' llo hers : The 'iwir.S . dama WaS "ot "teasing but tlu Investlga- Continued on Third Page. of 1S1C, devised by Robert J. Walker, nd valo rem In Its rates .from beginulng to end, with not a specific duty in it. his had no peer, no rival even, In tl.o prosperity it secured for tho American people dudug its existence as a law. "And now, Mr. President, coming to a closer look into the details of tho pending bill, I propose to briefly discuss a lew of its pro visions, which have in certain quarters pro voked comment and attack. On the subject of sugar the McKin'eyb.w is a juggle and a fraud, aud was intended as such; it was framed to deceit c, and in thoughtless minds' it has succeeded. Its authors had tho hardi hood, the audacity, to mLtion it as an ar ticle on the free list, and unthinking people have dreamed or free sugar ever since, while in point of fact the meanest, tho most odious, unjust, unequal, un-American, and uncon stitutional tax over known in our history is the sugnr bounty tax now paid by tho Ameri can people. "It is not necessary for me to say that I would rejoice to make sugar freo from taxa tion had I alone the power; but tho provisions of tho bill now before us on that subject, in comparison with the v Icious principles and vicious results oT tho MeKlnley law, aro as equity Is to corruption, and as integrity 13 to crime "In turning to another subject on which ignoranco and some ma'evolent criticism has expended itself, my task is easy and tho way smooth. "In securing a sufficient revenuo for tho support of the government, with as light a tax as possiblo on the necessaries of life, I navo at an times earnesny iavored an in creased tax on whisky. I would bo glad to day If tho pending bill providod for a tax of 1.20 per gallon, instead of 41.10, as it does. Revenus raised from distilled spirits, tho turchase and consumption of which is never a noccssity of life, is a de"p gratification to mo. and the fact that 620.000.000 of the sur plus accruing under this bill will bo furnished by the tax on whisky is a genuine joy to my mind. My sincere regret is that moro mon"-y for tho government was not obtuinod from tho samo source, and consequently less from other sources of a different character. "As to the extension of tho period during which distilled spirits may remain in bond before being required to pay tho government tax, it is proper to say that there is no new privilege given by such a provision in tho bill before us. "Tho proposition contained in the Dcnding bill to levy a tax of 2 per cent, on nil net in comes of corporations and ot Individuals in excess of 54,000 per annum is so just and eauitable toward the hard-working taxpay ers of meager resources throughout the entire country that not a word in its defense or ex planation would seem necessary here or any where else. But the narrow and corroding selfishness of riches has been aroused by this simple measure of justice into fierce resent ment and contention. We hear on all hands tho dictatorial voice of individual and cor poration wealth demanding that it shall not be disturbed by the slightest touch ot the tax gatherer, whatever may be the demands of the government or the oppression of tie toil ing masses. "On all the wants and necessaries of life the man of wealth, with a heavy income, pajs less rates of tariff tax under .existing laws than the laboring man or laboring women whose wearing apparel is of coarse material, and whose household living Is supplied with cheaper goods bearing higher rates of duty. Bis bonds, bis accumulated riches of all kinds, and all incomes arising from them, ore exempt from all government burdens,remaic ing not only" undiminished and unmolested tion that will follow will probably disclose some strange fact?. Tho members of tho militia reruso to talk, but It Is known that they havo beeu anticinating something of this kind for noro than a week. During this timo a guard has been left at the armory, but he was removed on Sunday morning. Bering Sea Complications. Ottawa, Ont.. April 2. During the past week several loug dispatches havo passed be tween tho colonial offlco m London and tho Canadian government regarding the latent complications in Bering sa. It is understood thej relate to tho proposed legislation which tho Washington correspondents of American papers deem so important. LIVING O.N A OI.CA0. Lms Is Safe in Port. Fayil Azores Islands, April 2. Tho North German Lloyd steamship Ems, from Bremen on March 17, and from Southampton on March 18, for New York, has been towed here by tho etc.-.m3hip WI1 Ifiower, Captain Living stone, from Wilmicgton, Del., on March 10, for Bl.ije. Trance. The Ems has her pro peller frame broken. Among tho cabin passengers on tho Ems aro Mis. Dahlgren ana Cnaries V. Dahlgren. -- Citizens Will Resist Aggression. Flohence, S. C, April 2. Florence Is now under military guard, as a detachment of tho troop3 which went to Darlington arrived hero at 8 o'clock to-night, the adjutant general ot tho state in command. Tho citizens ar.7 nre- pared to resist any aggressions on the part of tbo military, but Gen. Tarley does uot appre hend any trouble. Discounting the Hereafter. Buffalo. X. Y., April 2. Eighty-flvo Ger man norkingmca who livdhere have banded themselves into a co-operative cremation so ciety. Tho initiation is 23 cents and tho fees 10 cents n month. Tho money Is paid into n common fund, and as each man dies ho will bo properly attended and his body burned. All Its Assets Gone to Water. . BAiriJionn, Md., April 2. Tho Neptune Boat Club will .make an assignment for the benefit of creditors, nnd It is expected it will be put in tho hands of a receiver. Tho cost of the club's outfit, including the property and boathouse, was between $7,000 and 58,000. -w . Judge L-v neb. Got in His Vort. Ealeiou, N. C, April 2. A special from Marion, N. 0., says: Holland English was taken from jail at Bakerville and hanged by a mob of 200 persons Sunday morning at 3 o'clock for the murder of his wife, whom he killed to marrv another woman. Twenty-Five Hundred Miles By Cyele. Denveb, Colo., April 2. Walter Berdan started to-day to ride on a bicycle from Den ver to Patterson, N. J. Tho distance will bo 2,500 miles by tho route he will tako. Ha will strive to make a new long-distance record. Republicans Swept Hartford. Habtford, Conn., April 2. Tho city elec tions to-day resulted in a Republican sweep of such proportions as Hartford has not seen for many years. If Raids Arc Resumed in Charleston War Mill Surely Tollovv. Special to the Associated Press. J CntfcLESTos, S. C. April 2. The situation nt Charleston to-day is remarkable, but it is that calm that may at any timo burst Into a storm. It is no exaggeration to say that tho people of the s.ate aro virtually living on n volcano. No news has been received from Darlington, but it is very evident that the troops which Governor Tillman sent there are fraternizing with tho citizens. It Is no secret that there are thousands of people ail over tue eastern section of the state who aro pledged and ready to go to Darlington upon the least hint that they aro wanted. Should there be a collision between tho troops and the citizens of Darlington no ono can foretell whero the troublo would end. Governor Tillman's ary of spies, or at leas a detachment of them, aro now in tho citv They arrived hero about midnight last night. Tho story of their escapo from Darlington to told by a correspondent at Kingbee, a station on tho Atlantic Coast Line railroad, about sixty miles from Charleston. "Ween tho train passe 1 here." says he. "it was learned tLat nine ef tho spies" wcro on board. Sevetal persons) had noticed that ono ui luv cuiiciics nau uvcrj unna tigutiy cioseu nnd it wns remarked at the time, but nothing wasthougl tof it until the mob broke out. when it was known that tbespies were locked up lu this coach. The news spread over town rnpidlv, but it was too late, as tho" cars had gone." The names of the spies are: J. P. Fielder. J. C. Murphy, W. P. Gaiilard. J. 31. Scott, W. M. Livingston, L. P. MeCauts. W. P. Bryson, It. M. Gardner, and W. J. Harding. After their arrival here they quickly dis persed. It was rumored that an attempt would be made to ljnch them, but nothing has transpired as yet. Gaiilard was seen nt his hOTso to-day and talked very bitterly. Ho is reported as saying that thoGoveraorwouid call out tho brigade of negro militia nnd search every residence in Charleston, but this statement is hardly credited. It is expected that the raids In tho city which have been suspended since Thursday last will be resumed here to-mortow. Should thif be donj, there is very littlo doubt tho sceno of war will bo transferred from Darling ton tb this place. The people hero are wait ing Willi 3omo interest for Governor Tillman's next movo In reference to tho fourth brigade. The air is filled with rumors as to what tho Governor will do with the soldiers. Tho threats to court martial everv man in the brigade aro not regarded with any serious ness. Tho militia of Charleston aro not en listed men. The brigade und tho several companies that make it up are all incorpo rated bodies. Tho state laws do not en force military duty. In addition to this the fourth brigade did not dbband as did tho companies in Columbia and elsewhere, but refused to obey tho Governor's orders and go to Darlington. Tho brigadier general simply answered the Governor's orders by telegraph ing that the men would net gp. There the matter re3ts, and thoso who knew Governor Tillman are confident that this will not bo the end of it. V Tillman Has Violated the Law. Special to tho Associated Press. Flobe:.ce, S. C, April 2. Gen. W. W. Her sey, ono of the oldest and best-Informed con stitutional lawyers of tho state, contends that Governor Tillman violated law in call ing out the militia and declaring martial law in Florence nnd Dar lington. Ho advises all citizens to submit to arrest under protest should such action be at tempted, and says that tho military executing such orders are subject t o tbo penalties ot the law for invasion of priva te rights, just as any officer of a court acting without authority Is subject to penalties. It ovv Turns Out That He May Hav c Three Living Wives. Baltimore, Md., April 2. Samuel Dyott, who, it is alleged, eloped from Washington last week with Jlay Clipper, after embezzling $300. and who was arrested In Chicago, has a wife in Baltimore. She was seen to-day and say3 Dyott married her In this city in 1831. Mrs. Dvott No. 1 also asserts that since de serting her hCr husband married a voung lady In Washington. If, .therefore, he mar ried Mis3 Clipper, as the latter claims, Dyott has three Bving wives. TRANSPORTED WITH JOY. Cincinnati Republicans Elect a .Mayor and Indulge in Much Jollification. CisciysATi, Ohio, April 2. With only one of 190 precincts to hear from, Caldwell. Re publican, for major, has 25.522; Horstman, Independent, 10,771; Miller, Dem ocrat, 11,C5G. Pobuhsts and Prohibi tionists combined polled les3 than 500. Total Tote. 59,000. Registration. 70,000. Caldwell's plurality, C.719. Jollifications to night over Horstman's defeat are more de monstrative than offer Presidential elections. At Cleveland the Rcpuolicans havo won by pluralities ranging from 3.500 to 5,000, In Mansfield tho Republicans elected their entire township ticket for the first time in the history of the city. At Dayton tho Democrats elected tho .mayor and tho entire city ticket. KISSES RAINED UPON HIN. Jokal, Hnngarj's Great Poet, Overwhelmed by Tiftccn Hundred Ladles. BcDArEsit, April 2. At tho reception given to-day by Tritz and Louis Kossuth to many members of tho deputations who came from nil parts of Hungary to attend tho funeral services held over the remains of Kossuth. Herr Maurico Jokai, who was present, wa3 tho recipient of a ren-arkablo ovation. He delivered the funeral ovation at the National Museum vesterd.iy on behalf of tho lower hou-o of tho Hungarian diet, nnd his lan guage was remarkable for itsimpa'sionel eloquence. Tha mest flattering comment on the speech is everywhere heard in Hungarian circles, and to-day tho members of the depu tations took the opportunity to thank him for his masterful expression of tho national senti ment. Fifteen hundred ladies, nil attired in tho deepest mourning.were included among the at tendants at tho reception. Their enthusiasm over tho eloquence of Herr Jokai took a moro practical form than did that of the men. They encircled Herr Jokai and kissed him re peatedly. The scene was a most remarkable one. Herr Jokai received the praises of his admirers in a most modest manner, but was finally, compelled to retire beneath tho kisses snowerect upon mm. STRIKE FEVER SPREADING. Tillman Makes n Statement. Cbablestos, April 2. GovernorTillman has received numerous telegrams from newspaper men throughout the day asking that he tele graph something under his signature. One ol Ten Thousand Miners Idlo and General Suspension of Work. PmixrrsBcno, Pa., April 2. Tho striko fever among tho miners and mine laborers In this and adjoining regions Is spreidlng rapidly, and tho prospects to-day nro that tho men will ignore tho suggestion of tho district and national leaders and precipitata a general striko In advance ofOfilcial orders to suspend work. Tho Clearfield region this morning presented tho spectacle of every mine Idle, and fully 3,000 men without work. In tho Osceola district another mass-meeting was held this morning, and tho majority voted suspension ot mining In that coal center, in vvhlch upwards of 00 miners find emplovnient. Last Thursday thoso samo men voted to accept the reduction and continue to work until ordered to quit by the offi cers of tho organization. In tho Philllpsburg nnd Beach Creek districts tho lndlcitiou3 now are that complete suspension will take place to-morrow morning, despfto tho decision reached at yesterday's mass-meeting to con tinue at work until the meeting of the na tional convention of miners at Columbus April 10. A mass-meeting Is being held to-night, at tended by delegates from Houtzdalo and Osceola, and tho pressure will no doubt bo sufficiently effective to bring about a vote In favor of suspension. Del egates havo also been sent into tho Dubois, Rcynoldsvllle nnd Punxsutawney dis tricts, with a view to bringing about a sus pension in thoso districts. If tho action ot tho Clearfield miners is followed by tho miners in other competing districts a long striko Is certain unless the operators restore tho old rato of wages. Striking Ttfos Hold Firm. Bbooklts, April 2. Tho striko of Typo graphical Union, No. 93, against tho Brook lyn Citizen and tha Brooklyn Times is still on, and it looks as though it would not bo settled for somo days. Tho compositors claim tho papers must como to their terms and sign an agreement not to reduce their wages 10 per cent. Tho publishers claim they will never givo in to the strikers. Tbo compositors held a meeting in Everett hall this morning, but would not tell what they did. Committees to wait on the publishers were appointed. Judgment for the Carriers. Tho Court of Claims jesterday found judg ments in favor of eight letter earners of New port. Ky.. in amounts ranging from 121 to $184 for time served in excess of eight hoars I a ciay. An indictment charging Col. Frederick O. Ainsworth with manslaughter was returned by the grand jury yesterday afternoon. This indictment is tho result of their investigation of tho Ford's Theater disaster. Sasse and Covert, who wcro jointly indicted" with Ains worth last summer, were not indicted, and will be used as witnesses for tho government. The new indictment against CoL AInswortb. is even more voluminous than tho two re turned last summer. It will bo remembered that in tho matter of the two indictments re turned last summer Messrs. AInswortb, Dant, Covert, nnd Sasso were charged jointly with manslaughter in having caused tho death of Frederick B. Loftus, ono of tho twenty-three victims of tho disaster. The defendants demurred to tho indict ments, contending that they were illegally joined, that no offense was set out, and that the personal responsibility of tho defendants had not been shown with legal sufficiency. The matter wa3 elaborately argued before Judgo McComas in Criminal Court, No. 1, for several davs, and alter mature deliberation Judge McComa3 dismissed tho demurrer. Thereupon tho defendants appealed to tho Court ot Appeals, and that tribunal decided to hear the appeal at once. Again was tho question elaborately argued, and. In an opin ion written by Mr. Justice Shepard, the Court of Appeals reversed the decision of Judge McComas. directing that the two Indictments, which differed only as to the name of CoL Ains worth, be quashed. The indictments were accordingly quashed, and District Attorney Binwy thereupon pr-j-ceed-d to frame an indictment which would b iound legaliv nerfect. Witnesses teem 'brought beloro tho grand jury, and the district attorney believes that the in dictment returned yesterday afternoon will stand. Tho indictment describes the wrecked building and the work in progress at tho timo oi me acciaent witn great minuteness and par ticularity. The indictment against CoL Ainsworth is in one count, containing eleven paragraphs and coverjng eight solidly-printed pages of legal foolscap paper. Tho first paragraph recites Col. Ainsworth's official position, his charge of the wrecked building, and the fact that it gave way and fell about 10 a. m., 1893. The second, third, and fourth paragraphs de scribe the building, as described in the quashed indictments. Tho fifth paragraph is a new departure, reciting that "at the special instance, and upon the special recommendation and re quest of the said Fred. C. Ainsworth. tho making of certain changes and alterations in and about tho central one of the cellars afore said was authorized by the said Secretory of War," detailing at great length the nature of the repairs, and the fact that tho contract was, upon Col. Ainsworth's recommendation, let to Contractor Dant. The sixth paragraph set3 out that CoL Ainsworth approved the drawings und speci fications prepared by Francis Sasse, a subor dinate of his, nnd the contract submitted by Martin R. Thorp, also a subordinate. In the seventh paragraph it is alleged that Col. Ainsworth was "the person meant, des ignated, and referred to in tne specifications as the 'officer In chargejof tho bunding,' " and that CoL Ainsworth was thereby intended to bo and was invested "with the right and with the power to superintend and supervise" the perlormaneo of Dant's work. The eighth paragraph recites that CoL Ainsworth well knew the character and pro gress of the work done and being done three weeks proceeding the accident, nnd that he failed and neglected to see that Dant secured the building. The tenth paragraph recites that Col. Ains worth "well knowing all and every tho pre-cedl-g premises, but being wholly unmind ful, neglectful, and regurdiess of his duty, did unlawfully, willfully, and ieloniously, but without malice, wnolly neglect and omit to secure and compel the doing and performing" of Dant's work in a first-class manner, and that he omitted to himself relieve or cause to be relfved the pressure on tho piers which caused tho accident nnd resulted in tno death of Loltus. The eleventh and final paragraph alleges that CoL Ainsworth, in tho manner and form aforesaid, him. tho said Frederick B. Loftus, unlawfiillj', willingly, nnd felbniously, but witnout malice, did slay; against tho form of the statute fn such case made and provided. and against tho peace and government of tho said United States. It is expected tint before tho end of tbo present week the board of surgeons appointed to examine the applicants for damages from the government on account of tho Tord's theater disaster will bo organized and will start to work. This board is composed of surgeons of tho army, navy, and marine hos pital "service, designated by the heads of the war, Aavy, and Treasury Departments at the request of the select committee of tho Senate on the Ford's theater disaster, composed of Senators Harris. Faulkner, White. Mander son, nad McMillan. Secretary Herbert has named for this service Surgeon A. A. Hoeh llng nnd Secretary Lamont has assigned Sur geon Guj- L. Edle. Littlo difficulty is anticipated by tho com mittee in tho matter of tho death claims from the disaster. Thero aro twenty-two cases of the loss of life, and tho only trouble about thesa cases will bo that of "ascertaining the proper persons to whom the damages should bo paid. No rato for death or injury has yet been agreed upon by the committee, 03 it has been thought best to first determine the exact extent and nature of tho government's liabil ity by giving a list of tho persons legally entitled to compensation. Tho difficulty of tho other class of claims, however those of injured persons ean be rendllj' understood when it is stated that there aro now on trial 125 applications of all kinds, including death and disability, whilo tho total of deaths and injuries, as officially recorded, is but 102. Many ot tho claimants allege that they havo suffered se verely Irom "nervous shock." These cases will, in all probability, be tho greatest stum bling block that the committee will encoun ter; but, with the expressed knowledge of the three surgeons, tha Senators hopo to reach, m just and cqultablo conclusion. Refused to Go to Work. Media, Pa., April 2. Nealy 100 track labor ers on tho Media branch of the Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Baltimore railroad refusod to go to work to-day on account of a cut in wages of 2 cents an hour, and on many sections thero was no one left on duty but the foreman. Tho company issued orders that beginning to-day the scale of wages would bo 10 cents nn hour, working ten hours a daj-. Tho men havo been working for 12J cents an ho ur and nine hoars a day. - Won in Spito of All the Banks. Gbasd Tobes, N. D., April 2. The first Re publican success of this year's campaign was tho election to-day of Hon. James Anderson 03 maj or of this city. Tho contest was waged against the Daily Herald, which bos hereto fore espoused tho Republican cause, but which lat ely engaged In a fight to elect n gold 6tandard, free trado Democrat. The five national thanks of the city were opposed to Anderson. Tho Republicans are celebrating to-night. First Republican Victory in Ten Years. Wahfetox, N. D., April 2. The Repub cans elected their entire municipal ticket here to-day. tho first Republican victory here in j ten years. H V. v . K;r, &:"