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The Washington times. (Washington, D.C.) 1894-1895, April 22, 1894, Image 7

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The East Gets the Largest Fart of
Government Patronage.
The District of Colombia Eat Fifty Times as
Much Patronage as It Is Entitled to
Have Maryland Exceeds Her Quota
Hearly 200 Per Cent.
In its annual report, which is now in the
hands ol the printer, tho Civil Service Com
mission makes an interesting statement show
ing how covernment offices aro distributed at
Washington. The object ot this statement i&
to prove how much fairer than the "spous
Bjstem is the system of the Civil Service Com
mission. To what extent the statement will
carry this proof depends largely on the re
ceptive condition of tha mind to which it is
brought. A groat many people in and out of
Congress will not believe any good of tho civil
service law. Others are as strongly prejudiced
in its favor.
Whatever the statement proves to any one,
it lsan interesting showing of "who's got tho
button." There is no doubt from tho tables
rreented by the commission that tho east
ern states and the District of Columbia have
the button, and that it is a gold-plated button
set with diamonds.
Tho civil senico act provides that "ap
pointments to tho publio service aforesaid In
the departments at Washington shall be ap
portioned among tho several states and terri
tories and the District of Columbia upon the
basis of population as ascertained at the last
preceding census."
Iho idea was recognized and still is recog
nized under the patronage system. But under
this system the apportionment is necessarily
only approximate. That is how it happens that
so-ne of tbo states and the District of Colum
bia have in senico at Washington a great
many more employes and officers than they
would bo entitled to under an equitable dis
tribution proportioned to their population.
There are 11,740 officers and employes in
the department service at Washington. Of
these, 3,881 aro appointed under tho chll ser
vice law, or "tho merit system," as tho com
mission calls it, and 7,S63 are appointed under
the patronage system.
Naturally, it is impossible to make distri
bution of places exact. However elaborate the
machinery of apportionment there will be a
slight excess hero or deflclency there as
changes are made. Then there is a consider
able inequality growing out of the character
of some offices which makes the sbaro of the
District of Columbia always and ot tho differ
ent states oecuIonnllj larger than it should bo.
For example, there aro many positions, like
that of printer's assistant, which are so unim
iportant that people would not como to Wash
ington from distant states to accept them.
The-so places are filled almost invariably from
tho District of Columbia.
Then there aro scientific p!aco9, notably in
the Department of Agriculture, which could
bo filled by ono of only three or four people
in tho United States, perhaps. If Nebraska Is
entitled to an appointment, tho next vacancy
Is in a scientific bureau, and there Is no scien
tist in Nobraska who could fill it, the appoint
ment of nocessity will go to some other state.
In spite of these conditions the Civil Ser
vice Commission manages to mako a very
oquitablo distribution of appointments. The
greatest excess Is found of course in the Dis
trict of Columbia. Tho District is entitled,
according to its population under tho census
of 18'J0, to 11 places of tho 3,831 controlled
by the civil service law. It holds 103 of these
places, an excess of 89. Next to this tho
greatest excess is that of 3Iar land, which has
77 places instead of 70. South Dakota has 11
instead of 10, Connecticut 20 instead of 17.
Nebraska, Vermont, Virginia and Wyoming
havo cich an excess of two and several states
an excess of ono each over their quotas.
In tho column of deficits Ion a has 111
pieces instead of tho 121 to which sho is en
titled; Missouri has 145 instead of 153: Illi
nois. Indiana, Kentucky. Tcnncsseo and Penn-
Bjlvonla each aro seven short; Louis
iana. New York, Texas, and Wisconsin,
C; short, and so on. The disproportion
i3 not very great. It figured up a total
of 118 for all tho satcs and territories and
tho District, and omitting tho District, tho
variation is only twenty-nine.
In addition to the reasons which I have
named for tho variation, it is duo to the ne
cessities of appointments by transfers and
various non-competitlvo examinations and
tne appointment of crsons formerly in tho
military or naval service, who aro entitled to
In fixing tho qnota of tho states tho com
mission bus taken tbo arbitrary number, 2.000.
On tho basis of 2,000 appointments among
62,C22,2:0 people.cv cry 31.210 of population Is
entitled to ono appointment. This ratio is
applied to the population of eacli state. The
difference between the njgregate of the whole
number obtaiael and tho ratio of representa
tion is made up by assigning to the states
having tho largest fractions adaional num
bers until the total of 2,000 is reached.
Now York i3 entitled to 191 appointments
in 2.000, Ohio to 117, Pennsylvania to 1CS,
Wisconsin to SI and Arkansas to 30. On tho
1st of February New York had received 128,
Ohio 77, Pennsylvania 103, Wisconsin 32 and
trkuns is 22 of this number. As tho share of
Wisconsin was proportionately less than that
of the others, sho would be entitled to tho
first appointment. Tho order of prefcrenco
would bo Wisconsin, Arkansas, Pennsylvania
nnd Ohio. The calculation Is mada by a card
system, which puts tho first stato on top auto
matically and leaves the commission no dis
cretion and no room for error.
Tho table showing tho distribution of tho
7,SG5 appointments which do not come under
the civil servlco law develops an astoni-hlng
condition of affairs, especially in the District
of Columbia. Under tho patronage system
tbo heads ot departments or of bureaus make
their own distribution of offices. They fol
low no fixed rule, though they usually mako
some effort to equulizo tho favors given to tho
various states.
But naturally tho pressure for place from
tho eastern stati s i3 greater than from tho
West and tho far South, and naturally some
of the eastern statos como in for a great deal
more than their share of appointments. Mary
land Is entitled bj reason of her population to
123 of tho 7,865 appointments. She actually
holds 173 appointments, an excess of nearly
200 per cent.
Virginia is entitled to 193 appointments;
sho has -170.
West Urginia is entitled to 93; sho has 132.
Now Y'ork is entitled to 720: she has 871.
Vermont is entitled to 33: she has 7f).
Maine is entitled to 70: she has 119.
New Hampshire is entitled to 43: she has Si.
1 nis is entitled to 2W; she bas J4.
California is entitled to lis, she has 37.
Georgia Is entitled to 227: sho has 77.
Missouri is entitled to 344; she has 116.
Ohio is ntltli d to 410: she has 275
Illinois is entitled t4So, sho has 233.
Iowa is entitled to 231, she has lis.
Hansis U entitled to 183, she has SOL
North Carolina Is entitled to 197; she has 97.
Tennessee is entitled to Hi; the has 107.
Michigan is entitled toSuG, she has 15jl
isctnsiu Isentltlod to 213, sho has 113.
Kentucky is entitled to 220, she has 63.
But theso appointments in excess of tho
quota nre comparatively few and most of
them are comparatively small. There is ono
exception the District of Columbia. As has
been explained, tho District necessarily bas
more than its exact proportion. In tbo case
of pntronago appointments it has 2.214, when
under a strict construction of tho rulo of dis
tribution according to population it is enti
tled to 29 an excess of 2,215, or more than
700 per cent.
This with the excess in tho other states
aggregates 3.1S3 tho variation from tho
standard in apportioning 7,865 npoolntments.
This los, of course, must bo made up from
tho quota of other states, nnd of theso tho
chief sufferer is Arkansas. The population
of the state of Arkansas entitles her to 147
appointments She holds just 4 a deficit
of 143. '
And so it goes through almost the entire
list of western, central and southern states
nnd territories. Indiana is one of the few
ft itos which nearly holds its own. Indiana
is entitled to 203 appointments, and has 223.
I ennsylvanla's account, too, almost balances,
and oddly enough tho small balance that ex
ists is on the wrong side of tho ledger. Penn
sylvania is entitled to C56 appointments, and
hasC28. Massachusetts, too, has a compara
tively small deficit. In Bpito ot the earnest
efforts of Mr. Quiney she has 213 appoint
ments where her apportionment is 281
Tho north Atlantic states have 3,383 ap
pointments, against an apportionment of
3.21 2, the south Atlantio states 1,951. against
dm nnnnrtlftnmnf n? l ait t !., a -
(nlii,iahn nicti. ' n i ," i . .. I ciai present any. iiu uki.at atuntic and 1U
lncludo tho District of Columbia. Including I ano Tka Coupaxy, comer Soventh and E.
, i J .u vCT V iUA. Aut hub uoes not
the District of Columbia the Atlantlo states
havo 7,680 appointments, against an appor
tionment of 4,872. The northern central
states are entitled to 4,194; they havo 2,777
appointments. The southern central statos
are entitled to 2,003, they havo 1.003. Tho
western states aro entitled to 617; they have
There will likely bo oao effect of tho publi
cation of tho civil service report which per
haps the commission has not anticipated a
furious onslaught by the Senators and Itepro
sentatlves from tho West on the appointing
power. Possibly tho fact that his peoplo wore
not getting their share of patronage at Wash
ington has not appealed to tho western or
southern Congressman before. lie Is lltoly
to make it lively for some ot the heads of bu
reaus whon it comes to him. If Mr. Roose
velt in making up this statement had any
wish to stir up tho animals in tho "spoils"
cage that wish is likely to be gratified.
Qxi Hotes,
The notable event in nrt circles during tho
past wook was the exhibition of oil paintings
by Thomas Horendcn at V. O. Fischer's art
Mr. Hovendcn is a recent newcomer, and as
his work enjoys a national if not international
Mr. Horcndon will be remembered as tho
painter of "Breaking of Homo Ties," which
was so generally admired at tho Exposition
last Summer, and two ot the leading pictures
In hi3 exhibit treated ot the same stjloof
subject, which appeals to all, slnco thoy toll a
human story. "Grandma's Second bight"
was one of theso, and grandma i3 the dear
old lady with no nonsenso about her whom
we have all seen, if she was not our v ery own.
and tho little girl threading her needle 13
charmingly portrayed as sho lends her ojes to
tha dear old lady's sorvice.
Tho whole composition is most happy in
treatment, true in technique, and tells its
simplo story of lifo In charming stylo.
The "Traveling Clock Mender" is another
typical figure. Tho old man's whimsical,
quizzical face as he looks at tho works is an
excellent study, as is tho questioning look of
interest in the littlo girl's faco and figure bo
side him.
Mr. Horenden occupies this field of pictur
ing human interests in a way that is unique.
He does not aim to say the least word on his
composition, but ho does aim to portray tho
ovents of every-day lifo In a way removed
from the commonplace, and jet not on tho
exaggerated piano whicn exceptional expe
riences would necessitate,
3Ir. Horenden's landscapes, less than a
dozen of them, indicate tno varied scope of
his genius, which ho refuses to work into any
ono "rut," if jou may use such a term with
out offense when referring to so finished an
artist's work. He ha3 been equally success
ful in painting historical on historical sub
jects, in "The Arms of tho Enemy," painted
by him some years ago, being a salon picture
in Paris, and "another success, a study in col
ored character, exhlbitod in New York.
Mr. Horenden is ono of those happily situ
ated artists vbo can choose his residence re
gardless of mere commercial considerations,
and he sajs he thinks Washington the most
delightful of cities, with its ready accessibil
ity to most harming scenery on every hand
within a twenty minutes' walk or an hour's rido
to the heart of the Bock creek region or Ana
costia's palatable heights.
Among tho landscapes displayed, "The
Orchard," "A Misty Night," and "Sunday
Evening," display tbreu distinct stjles of
treating landscape, each In such a way tho be
holder hardly knows wnicn to aumire tne
most. Yesterday was tho last day of tho ex
hibit. On Monday Mr. LeGrando Johnson will
offer an exhibit of his choice collection of
pictures in Fischer's gallery, which thoso who
enjoyed tho "private v iew" a few w eeks sineo
at the artist's residenco on Corcorun street
pronounced to be n very fine ono.
Ho will exhibit fr ono week only.
Mr. and Mrs. Parker Mann and Mr. and
Mrs. E. C. Messer went over to Baltimore to
gether on Saturday to visit Walter's gallery
nnd see some of the choice pictures recently
added to that collector s salon. Mr. nnd Mrs.
Mes-er wero guests of Mr. and Mrs. Mann on
tho occasion.
Mr. and Mrs. Tarker Mann expect to spend
tha Summer in Holland. They will sail from
New Y'ork on May 2.
Mr. V. G. Fischer is preparing to go nbroad
for a three or four months' trip early In May.
Ho expects to sail on tho 12th of tho month,
nnd to bring luck from nrt centers visited
pictures, rare bric-a-brac and tapistrics, both
new and old.
Tiro Students' Art League, of this city, havo
been tendered a lino scholarship by tho New
Y'ork Art League, and there ore five com
petitors for tho pnzo.
Ulric S. J. Dunbar, tho sculptor, is now at
work on a bust of ox-President Martin Van
Buren. which Is to bo placed in a niche in tho
Senate chamber.
The cast is of heroic size, very strong, and
life-like in expression, and promises wtlL
Mr. Dunbar expects to begin chipping it
from Vermont marble early in tho week.
There are now on exhibition at tho Gorco
ran Art Gallery several very fine paintings,
loaned by Mr. nnd 3Irs. W. J. Hutchinson,
of Now Y'ork. Tno most conspicuous leing
"Judith," bj B. J. Constant, tvlilch is mag
nificent. Tho hair is tawny red, tho fue
delicately cut yet full of sensuous npenes3 of
her race, while tho figure Is clothed in a paio
bluo laco trimmed and clinging robe. In her
right hand sho clasps tho sword of ven
geance. Tho other pictures in tho loan aro "Toilet
of tho Bride," by Morenu, and "Coming from
tho Christening," by tho same artist, "Sheen
in a Snow Storm," by Schenck, with "A
Spring Morning," by Nlezky.
The first threo of these' pictures will Lo
found in tho Octagon room, and nil are much
admired by connoiseuers for their ilno treat
ment and U3 color schemes well handled.
Tho painters in tho Barbizon Studios, on
Seventeenth street and Pennsylvania avenue,
aro enjojing a littlo rest before setting out for
Summer work.
Mr. Yvojl does not pretend to know wiiero
he will pitch his easel, whether in the moun
tains or by tho seashore.
Mr. Brooko expects tospentj several months
in Europe. Mr. Macdonald and Yeilo aro jet
to bo heard from.
Tho impression is that there will bo a largo
amount of homo study dono this year.
Tor Solitary Mnglc .Men.
Great success is reported of tho first j ear's
experience of tho Bowton model lodging house
in London, tho opening of which fifteen
months ngo attracted a great deal of atten
tion. Tho design of tho experiment was tho
improvement of the condition of single men
who havo no certain occupation and no set
tled home. Lord Bowton designed the ex
periment and furnished the funds for its trial.
The house accommodates 470 men, and af
fords a separate sleeping apartment for every
lodger, and well-warmed and lighted dining,
smoking, nnd reading rooms, toilet nnd bath
rooms, with a constant supply of hot and cold
water, conveniences for washing and drying
clothes, and cooking stoves with all utensils
and facilities for cooking food. Lodgers can
either cook their own food or buy their meals
at cost price. Tho charge for the full uso of
all the conv cniences and comforts of the house
for twonty-four hours is sixpence, about equal
to 12 cents. Tho houso has been continu
ously full since tho opening day, forty or fifty
people being turned away almost nightly, and
commercially the concern has proved a com
plete success. It returned a profit of 5 per
cent, for the first year, and is now paying a
net profit of 6 per cent. A company has been
formed to carry out tho work, with a caoital
of .75,000, and other lodging houses on tho
same plan aro to bo built forthwith in va
rious parts of London.
One Beauty of n Puro Child.
A puro child, like a ray of sunshine, can go
anywhere without contracting taint. Though
a choice of associations is essential to whole
some development, yet a normal and health
ful child may como in contact with a great
deal ot roughness and vice without being in
jured by it. This can only be, howev or, when
tho child carries with it continually tho at
mosphere of a puro, elevated, Christian home.
The intuitions of a child thus nurtured will
make it shrink from the taint of vico and keep
it pure.
Granulated sugar, 4ic. Monday another spo-
K Topic or Two
To Think RboUt,
Governor Lowelllng's manifesto, directed
to all boards of police commissioners in
Kansas, in defense of the constitutional liber
ties of tramps, Is a very extraordinary docu
ment, says Elbert Hubbard, in tho Arena. Ho
maintains that tho right to go freely from
place to place in search of employment, or
oven in obedienco to a mere whim, is a part
of that personal liberty guaranteed by the
Constitution of tho United States to every
human being on American soil. Even volun
tary idleness i3 not forbiddon. Out of 100
editorial clippings, taken at random from
papers all over the United States, ninety
three speak in terms ot disapprobation of
Governor Lewelling's action. In this coun
try wo say every man is assumed to bo inno
cent until he is proven guilty.
This applies only to men who havo money.
No peaceable, decent man with monoy is
asked to "gho an account of himself." But
let him havo no place to lay his head and ask
for a cup of cold water, Immediately we may
logally assumo his guilt and drag him before
tho notary, who shall demand that ho "givo a
satisfactory account of himself." Satisfac
tory to whom, forsooth? Why, to this justice
of the ieacc And who is he? Often a man
who has failod in business, of small learning,
no breadth of intolloct, no sympathy. Of
course we know that a polico justico may bo
(and often Is) an eminently honorable and
nble man; but those who are in position to
know how much of the time ot higher courts
is taken up in undoing tho blunders of rustle
justices havo small esteem for rural judi
cature. Among tho first states to adopt a
tramp law was the stato of Delaware, on
March 27. 1879. Section 1 reads thus:
Any person without n homo iu tho town in
which ho may bo found wandering about with
out employment shall b? deomed a tramp and
dealt with accordingly.
Will the reader pleaso note that (1) a tramp
Is a man who has no homo in tho town where
ho is found; (2) ho is soeklng employment.
To have no homo and to soek einplov ment is
a crime In many parts of tho United States.
Such a law as this Is tho ono against which
Governor Lowolling, of Kansas, has issued
his manifesto. For this act he has been ridi
culed, jeered, calumniated, reviled. I mako
no defenso of trampism nor vagabondage. A
tramp may bo a criminal and ho may not. If
ho is a criminal, punish him for his crimes,
but do not punish him for being a tramp; to
do this may bo only to chastlso him for his
The very original and somowhat startling
plea of M. G. rerrero in tho January Monlst
for tho completo exemption of women from
bread-winning labor, sajs Trof. Lester F.
Ward in the Monlst, is worthy of the author's
chivalrous nature and demands thoughtful
consideration. Ono naturally feels impelled
to accept his view, but such a crowd of
practical objections at once arise that it bo
comes Impossible to do so except In a very
restricted sense. If ho only means that
women who actually bear children should bo
relieved from laborious physical activities
during their productive period, nobody
cortainly ought to dissent, and it is to bo
hoped that tho world has already got a long
distance on tho road toward such a result.
But if ho means that one-half ot tho human
race should bo anil remain, from tho stand
point of economics, nouprodueers, except In
so tar as mo rearing ot cuiiuren is to oe con
sidered productive, tho position cannot be
maintained without important qualification.
So far as can bo discovered from the article,
its author proceeds upon tho popular but er
roneous assumption that every adult female in
society is provided with a husband who is
both able and willing to supplj all her needs.
To show how false this assumption is. let us
glanco for a moment at the conjugal statistics
of tho United States, which havo boon com
piled for the first timo in th; history ot tho
country for tho census of 1890, but not yet pub
lished. Theso statistics show that at thatdato
tho number of female persons of all ages in
tho United States was 30,534,370, of whom 17,
183,033, or 3G 21 per cent., were single The
important fact for our present puqioso is tho
number or percentage of marriageable women
who are. in fact, not married. It is found
that about 10 per cent, marry before the ago of
twenty, and a very few before the ago of fif
teen. " As tho statistics are compiled In flve
vear periods, it is Impossible to obtain figures
lor any nge Between nitecn nnu twenty,
although proper marriageability begins at
about soventeen or eighteen.
If wo take twenty as the basis, it appears
that there were 10,293,32(1 femalo persons of
twenty jears of age and upward, of whom
3,223,333 were unmarried, which is nearly 20
per cent. If wo take fifteen as tho basis, tho
number of that agoand upward was 19,102.178,
of whom C,2J3,207 wero unmarried, or nearly
32 per cent. The true mean is somewhere
between these, and may perhaps bo safely put
at 25 per cent. The uiim irncd aro made up
of the maids, widows and divorced persons,
tho last of vlibh cltis-cs Is so shi-UI that it
neod scarcely be considered for tho present
purpose. Omitting tho actual numbers and
using percentages only, the returns show that
between the ages of twenty and twenty-five
about 53 per. cent, wero without husbands,
between twenlv-flve nnd thirty about 23 per
cent., between thirty and fortv-fivo about 20
Ifor cent.
After this tho numDer of widows incresaes
so rapidly tint from forty-five to ilftj-flvo tbo
unmarried amount to 2U i.'r cent., and of
women over sivtj-flvo jears of ago only a
little over 33 rcr cent, havo husbands. Nearly
C percent, of all women never marry; about
10 per cent, of thoso between tho nges of
thirty-fivo and fortv-fivo had not jet married,
and more than one-fourth of those between
tho ages or twentv -live and ihirtv wero still
uam lrried. Further details are unnecess iry,
enough having been snid to show bow large a
proportion of mnrriigcnble women are for
ouo cause or another without that malo pro
tection and support that M. l'errero's argu
ment assumes.
Jiimv of these unattached w omen aro doubt
less cared for in v.irving degrees bj their malo
relatives, but It is cleir that this O'lht not to
be, since tho men, on his theory, should havo
wives and families ot their own. Ignoring,
for the stke of tho argument, a large number
of cases iu which tho husband proves ineom
netent to support his fa-nilv.aad admitting
that the 75 er cent, who have husbands are
adcquatel provided with oceup ition in rear
ing their children, or. if childless, as a I irgo
proportion alwavs are, in mcrclv attending
to tho wants of their husbands, what shall be
said of tho 25 per cent, who h.ivo no bus
bauds and are therefore, deprived ot this
occupation; A considerable number of tho
joungnr widows, it is true, h.ue families on
their bands, but theso soon grow up and no
longer require their attention. But if tho
wile Is capable of any form of iroductivo
labor, when sho becomes a widow and tho
support of her famiiy devolves upon Iier
alone, sho is in an unfortunato positiou.
Something more must bo doao than merely to
nurse and protect her cbildrcn. They must
be fed, clothed, and housed.
It is not too much, sajs tho Springfield Re
publican, to call the trial of W. C. P. Breckin
ridge, which has now closed, tho most pain
ful scandal of its class since that which
clouded tho great life of Henry Ward Boeeher,
twenty years ago. The man had attained a
national famo; ho held a high and enviabio
Eositlon in political lifo and in public esteem;
o had oven become bj his Plymouth address
In some measure an historical figure. Sud
denly it was revealed to tho country that he
had had led a false and vile lifo. His reputa
tation is blasted; bis famo is Dead sea fruit.
And in this universal feeling tho verdict of tho
jury has no additional influence. Whether it
is bolievod, as tho jury doeidej, that Madeline
Pollard's tale is true, or whether it Is disbe
lieved, tho conscience ot tho peoplo responds
that the man's punishment is just.
Let us roach to tho essential evil of this
story which has been so full- told us. It is
most distasteful, most revolting to toll tho
story, as wo havo been compelled to do.
Even though the situation is not unusual,
though many a vulgar case of similar circum
stances is dribbled through the police courts,
tho conspiculty of the offender in this case
raises it to an importance which forbids any
journal to ignore it . And passing Dy tho
folly of supposing that a schoolgirl deliber
ately led astray a man of tho world past mid
dle age taking tho story from tho vory lips
of Brecklnridgo himself let us see what it
amounts to. A man ol fine education and
culture; of religious profession and conversa
tion, and with a heritage of noble ancestry,
confesses in detail to not only this one illicit
indulgence, continuing through ten years, but
to a previous familiarity with houses of assig
nation; in fact, to habitual debauchery. He
confesses that no manthad loss excuse than ho
for his course of life with this one misguided
woman. But his defense is that sho was
already unchaste when ho met her; that she
courted his vile advances; that passion and
greed moved her, and that he yielded to her
temptations, neither loving nor respecting
her. And he maintained her as bis wanton
through years of married lifo. What a de
fenso that is!
Tho picas of the lawyers for the criminal in
this case have shown how low tho standard
of morality is pratlcally placed among men
of the world, as they exense tbo man on the
ground that the woman was evil. "Nothing
more than you or I might have done" is tho
substance of thoir pleas. Hero is the wretched
root of the whole wrong. Man is not held to
the same standard ot purity and chastity as
woman. The social system will never bo sane
and whole until this double standard is done
away with. Tho same purity for a man nnd
woman, nothing Ies3 will do,
The right to striko. say3 tho Voice, was de
nied a few weeks ago by Judgo Jenkins, of
tbo United States Supreme Court, who Issued
an Injunction restraining the employes of tho
Northern Paclflo railway from "any combina
tion or conspiracy having for its purpose the
inauguration of a strike upon the lines of the
railway" (which railway was and is in the
hands of n receiver), and "from ordering, nd
v ising or approv ing by communication or in
struction or otherwise tho emploves of tho re
ceivers to join in a strike." This in bplte of
tbo fact that tho receivers, without a minute's
notice to tho men, had put into operation a
reduced schedule of wuges! To stato the case
Is enough to nrouso all the Anglo-Saxon love
of liberty against this species of downright In
dustrial slavery to corporate power. Judge
Dundee, of tho United States District Court,
following the doclsion of the superior court,
ruled likew ise in a similar case with the Union
Pacifio employes, this road also ocing in tho
hands of a recciv er. This cuso was taken bo
foro Judgo Caldwoll, of the United States Cir
cuit Court, cooqual in authority to Judgo
Jenkins, and Judgo Caldwell makes short
work of Judgo Dundy's Injunction. Ho or
ders it vaeatod, and his words come as near
to a glow of Indignation as federal judges
erer indulge themselves with. Judge Cald
well says:
"The period of compulsory personal service
save as a punishment for crime has passed in
this country. In this country It Is not lawful for
employes to associato, consult, and confer to
gether with a view to maintain or Increase their
wages by lawful and peiccful means, any moro
than it w as unlawful for tho receivers to counsel
nnd confer together lor the pnrw,t of roducing
their w iges. A corporation is organized capital,
organized labor is organized capital, W hat is
lawful fur one to do Is lawful for tno other to
Judgo Jenkins bas, in a roviow ot bis decision,
reaffirmed it, with a slight but not important
change; but tho lower courts aro no longer
tound by it any more than by Judgo Cald
well's decision. A case should be taken at
once to the United Slates Supreme Court.
Congress bas. in tho meantime, ordered an in
vestigation ot Judge Jenkins' order and his
right to issue It. To givo to such an order
permanent authority would bo to place tho
country on tho v erge ot sure enough revolu
tion. And j et we aro disposed to make al
lowance forjudge Jenkins. Under the law
the railroad Is a public thoroughfare, just as
tho old turnpiko was, which to a great extent
it displaced. Ho and ail other judges are
compelled to consider it as a public highway
and not as private property, which, in fact, it
is under the present system. His wholo rul
ing nad reference to tho employes as servants
of the public, uud bis injunction was issued
ostensibly to prevent Injury to tho public ser
vice. He is net wholly to blame. Tho rail
ways of the country ought to lie in fact what
they aro already in law publio highwavs,
controlled by tho public and operated for tho
publi: benefit, not for privato and personal
profit. We will havo to como to that sooner
or later, and tbo sooner tho better.
How does this man get his Hvlnc?
Ho Is no tvIioIo man until ho knows bow to
earn nlhehliood
Society is barbarous until every Industrious
man can get bis living without dishonest cus
toms. tTcry man is a consumer and ought to be a
Man fails to mifco his place good In tho world
unless ho not only pays bis debt, but adds some
thing to tbe common wealth.
Wealth has Its eourco in applications of the
mind to nature, from tho rudest strokes of tho
ax cr Rpado up to the last secrete of act,
Man beirs tho s.mo relation to nature that
tho thirsty stomach bears to tho spring of w ater.
Tororty demoralizes. A man in debt Is so far
a slave.
Wall street thinks it easy for a millionaire to
bo a man of his word, but In failing circum
etances lo man can be relied on to keep his in
tegrity; and when one observes tho hotels and
imiacesof our Atlantic capitals tbe habit of os-
penso, tno not onno senses, ineauseucuoi uonus,
clanship, fellow feeing of any kind, ho feels
that when a man or woman is driven to the wall
tbo chances of Integrity arc frightfully dimin
ished. Mrtno Is coming to be a luxury which few
can afford, or as Uurko aid: "At a market al
most too high for humanity
The manly part Is to do with might and main
what you can do.
The w rid Is full of fops, and theo will deliver
tho fop opinion, that it is not respectable to bo
seen pirn ing a living, that it is much moro re
spectable to bpend w lthout eanilng.aud this dot
trino of tbe bniko will cono ilsj fron tho elect
son' of light, for wi"o men ore not wie nt all
hour?, and will tpeil live times from their tasle
and humor to onto for their reascn.
No matter whether a man makes shoes or
statues or laws.
It Is tho privilege of nuy bumin work which U
well done to invest the doer with n certain
haushtluc Ho can well afford not to concili
ate who-.e lalthful work will anwr for him.
fcoIety In Iirge towns is babyish and woilth is
mado a toy. Iho lifo of pleasure Is inndo so
ostentations thitasbrllow observer must be
lieve that It Is tho agreed b( st use of wealth, nnd
whatever is pretendol ends In cosseting Hut
if this were the main u-o of Burplus capital. It
would bring us to barricades, buru6d towns, and
loin aha w 1. 3 presently.
And these, suggested by tho above:
The making of worlJs nnd of so lal conditions
Is tho working of tbo intvitablo liw of causu and
effect, bpaco wis Imp vorishedof Its world
making stuff that consolidated worlds might be
l.ery colossal fortunolstho result of tho col
lected sUf-approprlatcd energy of mankind.
Monopolists and all men who thtivobytho
changing of monoy and driWug shirp bargains
should havo n great respect for the law of the
land, as it is tho only cod they fear. The only one
thing that differentiates them from tho robber
baron and tho hlghwiyman, tho greed is ouo and
tho same, i3, "1 will hate all I can got.' Uno
Unltnobl Inclined to rtsrect tbo manliness of
conrace nnd mJ'ut above tho entailed faculties
cf tho tpider and tbe fox
There Is but ono teal law: "Do unto others as
yo would they should do unto you." All others are
makeshifts, changed from timo to time to fit con
ditions, clothes whereby Adam soeks to hido his
The American Adam 1ms an abundant ward
robe, but ho Is grow in. Into Uio discovery that
theso garments are for the most part "misfits,"
and, latterly, constructed under tho "swelling
system "
Spain becamo tho poorest nation been so sho
had mado herself tho richest by tho means of
rohtory of her Amorcnu dUcoverlts. nation
rtiy bo very poor when tho census returns foot
up great wealth. o thine but contented Indus
try ch a ricto rizinc tho masses of tho peoplo can
bo culled national wealth.
A nation is fast approaching imbecility when
Instead of providing a lit and ample medium of
exchange for Its people, tbo creators of Us only
wealth. It prostrates Lself beforo Individual!,
grown rich under unjust and unequal laws, ask
ing a loan, "I'lcase to discount mj notes at your
own rite, as tbo metallic substance called gold hi
gcttlug low in my pocket."
- a
Presidential dominations.
Tho President yesterday sent the following
nominations to the Senile:
Justico Warren N. Dusenberry, of Utah, to bo
Judgo of probato In the county of Utah, territory
of Utah.
nvy Assistant Fnglneor Solon Arncld to ho a
passed assistant engineer.
Tacts and Tancics.
Children or persons suffering from diseases
should never bo allowed to touch or fondle
domestic animals, as eats and dogs, as theso
are frequently tho means by which contagion
is carried to others.
Athletes insist on these points In starting
tor a walk or a race. Parents mako a mis
take in ordering wider when longer shoes aro
required; until they stop growing children
need a half size longer every timo they get a
pair of shoes.
It is the lady's place to bow at the first
meeting; after an introduction if sho desires
to continuo the acquaintance. When making
a call a gentleman takes caro of his own hat
and coat, and puts them on without assistance
unless in some way incapacitated when
taking his departure.
Tho Irish caalier hat is one of the smart
things of tbo between season before straws
aro due. It comes in black and green, is
trimmed with u flat band bow and buckle, a
loose torsade and occasionally with a long
ostrich plume. Worn with ono of the new
scarfs of black fishnet wound around the
neck like the old-fashioned stock and tied in
a broad bow, this hat goes well with tailor
made costumes. It is eminently suited f&V a
riding hat. Severe as it looks. It is generally
R Lay Sermon for
SUndau Reading.
"Come now and let 03 reason together,
saith tho Lord." Whatover may bo the im
mediate result ot this war ot words abont the
errancy or Inerrancy of tbe Bible, It will sur
vive all these petty conflicts of opinion and
prejudice. It Is one, at least, ot the sacrod
books of the world sacred because It, as a
whole, has to do with tbo subject of God and
the hnman souL No ono will deny that for
centuries it has been much like a bundle of
colored worsteds, from which may bo pulled
that particular sbado ol color that will lit tho
pattern, the worker, tho preacher, the com
mentator keeps continuously boforn his eyes.
Tho theological school of whatover creed
seems to be a placo where the young and
devout mind may bo trained In tho under
standing ot tbe pattern to which all the
colors must be mado to harmonize and from
which the errant thought should nover stray.
Tho real difficulty si oms to be that tho dis
putants fail to consider that words aud
phrases aro mere tokens ot exchange, hav tag
no lasting intrinsic value, while ideas are Im
mortal. Thought alono Is the body, wbilo
words aro but tho clothing usod to fit tbo era,
tho climate, the temperament, and moro espe
cially the receptive Intellectual conditions of
tbe person or persons addressed; consequently
all theso factors would h.ie to bo brought
into the equation; and lastly, most important
of ail. the translator from ono language into
another must be ot llko mind, temperament,
and spirit of tho original writer before ivo
could bo absolutely ierta!n that underneath
the verbiage we had gotten down to tho bed
rock: of Ideas.
All thoughtful students must feel the truth
of this, whether thoy oxpross It or not, and,
perhaps, the closest definition v 0 could give
of tho currently used terms atheist and ag.
nostic would be that tho former aggressively
proclaims his thoughts, whilo the latter keeps
his own counsel. Uothis as it may, there aro
certain portions of the Bible which pass car
rent as fact among all creeds, tho Jew, tho
Romanist, tbe Protectant, tho Christian
Scientist, and the Spiritualist.
"So Ood created man in Ills own imago; in
the imago of Ood created lie him; malo and
femalo created Ho thorn." These words havo
been accepted universally throughout Chris
tendom as containing the truth, but tbe ques
tion remains: What truth, what Immortal
idea, is to be conveyed to tho consciousness?
It is evident that tho thought that Is con
veyed is that form of concept that tho evolved
consciousness can assimilate.
An anthromorphic God was a necessity to
any consciousness incapable of conceiving
ot life apart from this body. Men so con
ceived tho truth, so behoved and so taught;
and so long as this condition of thought re
mained this teaching was orthodox, because
it was thin tho highest that had como to the
light in man. Consequently, what was then
truo of man's idealism expressed itself in do
scriftionsof tho visible "glory of God," the
"throne of God." "tho heaven where He
dncllcth," "the streets of gold," "tho walls,"
"tho gates of pearl."
Uut the poets, tho singers, tho 6ecrs, or
prophets of that far-off time, under tbo influ
ence of tho divine fire of thought, tne enthusi
asm, the God within them, felt tho significant
consequences of omnipresence; tho form faded
from beforo their mental vision, and they saw
"God is Spirit," "and they that worship Ilim
must worship Him in spirit and In truth."
Now, if tho theory of evolution bo true, tho
adauce from tho "thought" working chaos
Into lire mist through tho infinite changes of
form to tho present visiblo universe, and the
that dwell thereon must cover periods of
time as much beyond our conception as tbo
distance between us and the nebula: ot Orion
is beyond our comprehension, but there must
havo been all along that lino continuous un
ceasing change, transformation, tho eternal
"thought" working itself out in matter, in
things, in forms and in substanco substance
in its true sense, that which stands under
that which is apparent this was the thought
expressed in what wo call "life," becauso
we can in no way defino it.
As this life went on its resistless way, ever
developing into higher forms, more complex
organisms, thcro must h;n o been at all times
and under all conditions variations in species
involwng single mdividails moro advanced
than tho imjonty of their fellows. The fish
that first became an amphibian must havo
btcn ono who enjojed from sonTo cause a lifo
near tbo surface of tho water, the in
breathing of large and even larger bubbles of
air, and so imprinting this tendency
upon his progeny.and thy again upon theirs,
that a new order of being ensued.
Tho first troglodyte to leave his cave and
climb up tho rocks to the land of sjnshine
nndfloncrs must havo been ono who had
tired of darkness and fighting over tiie divis
ion of food, and when ho Lad discovered
thoMelights of a higher life, and returned to
"tell men so," ho was doubtless crucified,
and later on most likely v, as canonized as a
But we still havo fishes wo still have the
troglodjte. Ifeverjthing in nature is a part ot
every other thing,!! all processes aro analogous,
then wo have no right to assume that the evo
lution of consciousness proe-d by any other
liw thin did, and dees, tho evolution of form.
Consequently, if ocrj human being will
think, his real belief will always bo that tu
which the present condition of his evolution
has prepared him to perceive tho eternal
truth of life and being.
So it would seem after all that the disputa
tion about creeds is the different state or con
dition of consciousness, when eacb disputant
concluded he bad arrived at tha fullness of
being when ho v, as sitisflcU to let thought
die within him nnd enshroud himself in tho
cerements of conclusions. Tho defense of
creed as against spiritual life and aspiration
is tho defento of "statu quo" as tho only
safety. So thought tho community of troglo
djtes; so thought tho Greeks when they or
leied tho hcmloek for Socrates; so thought
the Jews when one of thilr own ru-o went up
into the mountiin tops ot His divine con
sciousness nnd taught men so! And they
said. "Crueify Him:" Wohivo no reason tb
hope or expect a moro rapid or moro uni
versal advauca in conscious man than in any
antecedent species.
Consciousness, tLought, is ever evolving
through and in arganism. The enlarging
train capacity In man must bo for a purposo
as surely as tho growing wings on the species
of reptiles that became birds. Thoso wings
wero tho organs thrown out becauso of func
tional development requiring the occupancy
of tho air as well is earth. So min's devel
opment vill ever bo along tbe Uno of his
aspirations, the enthusiasm, the God working
within him.
Thero is a thought of vast im-iortanco that
is. in fact, a part ot this original ono. Out
from among the miny commands given to or
through iloses for his race, Christendom has
selected ten and embodied them in tho
"canon," L".: "Ihou shalt not make unto thee
nnv graven image, or any Hkenes3 of any
thing that is in tho hs.iv ens above, or that is
in tho earth beneath, or that is in tho waters
under tho earth." Herein is supposed to bo
the etcrn il fiat against Idolatry- Tho Israel
ite understood it as a a command to destroy
all "altars" and "groves" of tho heathen,
whoso lands bo felt himself commanded to
occupy. Christendom has so understood it;
a general order to make unceasing war upon
tho idolatry of "other people," and herein
seems to bo a general point of agreement, also
a general tendency to change tho form of its
own idols or images.
What, then, Is an "Image" or "likeness of
anything?" To tho primitive man, whether now
or at any time in his far past, it meant some
thing fashioned out of material, cut, cr-rved
or painted something this organ ot vision
could behold something real and palpable to
tho senso of touch, but as consciousness
e olves man discovers that the power to form
images is in himself behind tho work of
hands, or tho perception of touch or sight.
Man's power to mako "Images" is tho subtle
something we call imagination; that thing
alono which makes him to differ from his
So man, a3 man, Is ever making and wor
shiping tne imager which fit his own pan
theon, that kingdom of God that is within
him, whether they bo of wood or stone or
gold or flesh or of spirit, so long as he lives
he is an image maker, and bo must, whether
he admits it publicly or privately to himself,
worship tho images he dally sets up.
"But thou shalt have no other gods before
me," "and God made man in His own im
ago." It would seem that tho sacred writings
of tho Jews adopted by the church clergy
show that tbo object for man's worship must
be In some war tbe divine consciousness
latent in man himself.
.But let us for a moment glance at tbo inter
pretation given this question by tho great .Naz
arlne, tho great iconoclast, who died to 'save
man from their own tendency to make idols,
thus becoming a universal model, not yet, it
would seem, formen's lives, but for their idol
try. "I and my Father are one," "Te are ray
brothren," and "We may be ono in Him."
When wo brush away tho idols that havo been
set up by others, and that no have made for
ourselves after tbe patterns given us. Wo
seo tho all ot existence to be conscious
ness, and we must seo that all forms of con
scious lifo are a part of an endowment of tho
all of consciousness. "Thou shalt lovo tho
Lord, tby God and Him only shalt thou serve."
As no man hath seen God at any time, every
man, every human being, consciously or un
consciously, begins tbo "making ot an image,"
and that Image can only be at tbe best ono of
hl9 own highest self as ho then sees It; but
"God made man In His own image."
In conclusion, I will quote from a late writer,
who seems to bo in earnest in the idol de
stroying builnes3, even if his human weakness
is unconciously building a now ono:
I read a few days ago the allegorical repre
sentation glren by Jeaus of the zuture stale of
tbo Buman boul" Lot it Le rcmombcrert that all
UIo is f-ruwin, and if the soul be allre its future
state is each succeeding moment. "In it, if you
will remember. Ho represonts the souls of ills
brethren, as Ho Bo loved to call huinnn beings,
assembled to bear Judgment pronounced. It is
the moment lor applying the crucial tst of
worthiness. Aud what was the test Jesus cave
at that moment as the si-ru manual of alt those
wr-o vore Included in ills Invitation: "Como, yo
blessed, for I was thirsty and ye gave me driult,
naked and ye clothed me." And in answer to
the woudcrlnc questkns, "Lord, when saw we
Thee natod and clothed Thee, o- in prison and
came unto 1 bee?" llereplies. "Inasmuch as ye
have done it unto one of thelovstof these my
brethren, ye hare dene it unto me. He chose
to placo himself as the Incarnation of the op
pressed and tho suiTei-in- As 1 read this pas
sage I saw, in my mind, thousands upon thou
sands in our cities and towns standing naked
and shelterless, and I said, "Jesus is knocking at
the door of Ills sleeping churcn, but He knocks
in vain."
It is worthy of notice that when Jesus of
fered theso words, these livling sentiments,
there was no "visible church," as ho had not
died, and hl3 few followers had not then
received the gift of tbo holy spirit. It some
times occurs to the mind whether after all
tho foremost sins of Christendom, greed and
selfishness and all unchantableness, Is not
tho legitimate result of tbe misconceived im
portance of one's own soul over that of other
souls and all souls. If wo believe in organic
redemption through the never ceasing crea
ativo power, then it follows that tbo redemp
tion of humanity is the thought and nurposo
of tho visible universe, and that "atonement"
with that will and purpose U wort for tbe
elevation of mankind, and that all boundary
lines of sympathy and effort Is atheism, and
that tho "imago of God" is not limited to that
portion of tbe human family whose environ
ment islikounto our own. that is self-worship
extended over a few who aro agreeable to self.
Somehow we aro unable to see why tbe
"least of theso" does not extend to the
kitchen nad tho hovel even unto back the
streets and slums and the alleys and why the
"I ambetter than thou" Is not atheism.
Trousers for Women.
In Canada perhaps ten thousand women
wear trousers during tho winter, of course
with tha skirt. In this country tho popular
ity of tbo masculine garment is growing with
remarkable rapidity, Tho trousers are now
and have been for years in cso for horseback
riding. The fencing costumes, also trousers,
aro worn without thotkirt, and in tho gym
nasiums of the fashionablo boarding schools
for young ladies trousers are worn exclusively
and with excellent effect and comfort. In
Europe for tho past two years tbe Tnrkish
pants aro worn by tbe fashionable set for
cllmbin? the mountains. The tame aro worn
in the Scotch Highlands by the English wo
men. Tho bathing dress shows marked
signs of following tho general movement,
and at tho French resorts lost Summer the
most fashionable ladles appeared with clo-e-fllting
bathing suits with knee trousers. The
effect was a greit improvement, especially
when tbe ladles left tho water there was no
tlght-ticking skirt to Interfere with their loco
motion. At Xarragansctt Tier tho voung
ladles wero the skirt extremelj short.
II. Corwln, of Cineinniti. head of tho dress
making department at tbe John Snillito Com
pany, is of tbo opinion that in time the ladies
will abandon the skirt, but not for "many,
many years." Hesaidi
"I don't think the ladies will abandon their
skirts for some time to come, although
tho movement is surely going that way. That
tho ladies aro wild after men's clothing there
is no doubt. Xow, to begin with, look at this
West fashion plate. There aro soven figures
on it for ladies' styles. Five out of the seven
aro patterns alter men s doming, ihey have
copied the men's styles in every instance, cx
eenting tho trousers. Thcro is the one-button
cutaway, tho Trince Albert, the double
breast, "tho vest, shirt collar, tie, and all. It
is no wonder people are talking of the women
adopting pants nnd discarding tbo skirt.
Thero is no telling what women will do, you
Clean the Refrigerator.
Tho Jocund Spring, when refrigerators re
sumo their importanco In the household, has
come, and even the best housekeepers neod
to bo reminded of tho necessity for keeping
them cleaner than anv other thing in tho
Warm food should never bo placed In tho
Iffe-chest, because It absorbs tho odors and
fiavors of other foods. Butter and onions
should never bo placed in tho simo compart
ment. Neither should milk bo put side by
sido with strongly flavored dishes.
Every day the ice-loxshould bo washed out
and thoroughly dried. Many housekeepers
keep tho ice from melting too rapidly by wrap
ping it in a woolen cloth. If this is dbno the
cloth must bo fresh, clean, and dry each morn
ing. Onco a week everything should bo removed
und tho different parts washed with hot water
and soda. Tho racks should bo removed,
washed, dried, and put in the sun for some
time, bometimes tho entire refrigerator
should bo rolled into the yard, tipped up,
propped open and thoroughly sunned. The
wasto pipes should bo cleaned every day or so
with a floxible roa.
Commissioners Orders.
The Commissioners Tosterday issued tbo fol
lowing orders: That a water mam be laid in lies
Moines strcot, from ?inth rtrcet to the east
boundary Hue of Cnghtwood Park subdivision;
estimated ccst 1,G03 That a water main be laid
in Hftecnth street, between Morris and Erie
streets, and iu Erie street, between 1 iftoenth
and sixteenth streets, estimated cost i7i That
a sewer be constructed la alley, square 502. to
servo lots 50 to (inclusive, under the provisions
of tho permit srstom, at estimated cost of J1S0
Thit n cement slilewallc be laid lu front of 11-30
Euclid place northwest, under the provisions of
the permit system, at estimated cost of $11H. Tho
following allotments for the uso of the street de
pirtment during the present quarter of the cur
rent fiscal year are approved: 4,76:102 charge
able to tho appropriation for current repairs to
streets, avenues, and alleys, and S"65.S
chargcablo to tho appropriation for permit
work. An additional nllstment of 41.TSOL03
chargeable to the appropriation for construc
tion and repairs of bridges for 1S91 is approved.
Prescriptions Compounded by
Graduates of Pharmacy.
Easterday's Drug Store,
of Carpeuters nnd Joiners, meets every Mon
day evening at 43 13th et. nw.
Dealer in ruro Rye Whiskies, Wines nnd
Foreign Liquors, and a full line of To
bacco and Foreign and Domestic Cigars.
N. Capitol and G Sts. N. E.
' apSa-lmo
Separate rooms if desired. Goods hauled,
packed, nnd shipped. Lowest rates. EAST END
EXPRESS. D. U. SMITH Jb CO , General For
warding Agents, 6th st. and Md. are. n.e.
Vvaw rvantni. Mat lvxf strii? Rat
IJItO.NbU 11UUAUU3 .Masterpiece,
Next Week NAT. a GOODWIN,
In "A Glided Foot,"
The Washington Mask and Wif
In toe
N. Dushane Cloward. Director.
Under the Auspices of
liescrved seats 11 50 and tl at Metzerotfa, 1110
F st. nw. General Admission, SO cts. 28
SUNDAY, APRIL 22, 1894.
And overy day hereafter in April and 3Iay.
Tho ever popular
Chas. Macaiester,
Wilt leaTo her wharf, foot of Sorenth street, fo
At 11 a m. and 2.T0 p m.
Returning at idu p. m. and S p. m.
On Week Days will leave at 10 a.m.
Returning at 2.C0 p. m.
Fare Round Trip, 25c:
Plank Shad Dinner, 75c.
iS L. L. BLAKE. Captain.
14 Tables Largest and Finest Billiard Room
South of New v.ork. Buffet Attached. iL B.
SCANLON. Proprietor. 408 Mnlh street.
Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Steals at all
hours. Board by the day, week or month. JOHN
E. BONI.M. Prop , 721 N. Cap street. ap2Mmo
CO, Stationery, Periodicals, &a, cor 1st
and H streets, nw. ashington, D. C. ap23-lm
X town Courant. by Lady Cook, nee Tennessee
ClaSin: an earnest plei for Personal Purity and
Lqual Rights for V omen; will positively appear
in no other paper in America; handsome illus
trated page Confederate Memorial Day; Issued
Saturdays. Send 3 cents In sumps, aprg-lt
1391 A general meeting of all those inter
ested in The Wauim!ton 'liE3will bo held at
Typographical Temple SUNDAY, April Si, ISM,
at 1 o clock p m. By order of board of directors.
a 1HOMAS A. MITCHELL, Secretary.
'r- memtersof L A.,No.l743,arereruested
to attend the next meeting, MONDAY, 16th in
stant. Very important business is to bo consid
ered 24 By order cf the Assembly
J 1 2d r vm.L; also 1 largo front room,
fur; suit gt.imen; bummer rates, apr23-lt.
-? ing rooms on second floor; all conveniences.
floor, vacant May 1; also 2 untur. rooms on
third floor, vacant now; price 113 and S3L50, re
spectively; gas, hot and cold water, and heat;
private family. CaU or address 719 R. L ave
n. w. 23
613 9th st nw.
For rent beautlfnl fur. or unfur. at reasonable
prices; cafo first floor.
i athome,or work by tbe day. Address or
caU nt 4 N st nw.
1 the Covenant Mutual Benefit Association of
Illinois. Persons of energy and intelligence can
succeed without having had previous experience;
liberal compensation; coTopany in lth year of
its existence; Insurance in force. S101,705iO;
paid to beneficiaries, $iJO!0 000; $100,000 depos
ited with IUinols Insurance Department; nearly
f l.O'VJ.OUU f n surplus; popular features; low rates;
easy payments For further particulars apply
toll. T CRAW SHAW. Manager for District of
Columbia, rooms -L.', 43 McOUl buUdmg, 03-914
u st. n.w. st
by sample to tbe wholeaIo and retail trade;
sell on s'ght to every business man or firm;
liberal salary end expenses paid; position perma
nent I or terms address with stamp, CtNTEN
MAL M'gG CO . Milwaukee, Wis. aprMt
gagement. Apply 01401)701 st.n.w. It
TIMES. A prize of S10 to the boy seUing
the largest number during a week; $5 each to
tho next four. Apply Times office between 2 and
4 rem- 23
desired. 1 ou will havetobuyn larger ono
if you accept the fancy rates we pay for gents
discirded garments. Wire us; will call now.
JL'STH b OLD STAND, 619 D st n.w
tain guaranteed permanent euro of blood
poison; no failure; cure or no pay; write for
proofs. GUARANTEE REMEDY CO., S4 Adams
St., Chicago, III 26
an engagement for tlio Summer to teach
music and mod. languages; host ref; compensa
tion no object Address d E. D .Times office. M
stallment Is at first tempting, buti onco In
your clutches a man deserves sympathy. It cost
meiltuL B.
Tobicco line. caU on PALMER.
Blue label cigars. nutchins' Bulding.
wish to wear tailor-mado garments, correct
fitting and latest styles, kindly call nnd see
Lata of L. P. Hollander, Boston, Mas
1749 Ta. are.
. I have a 5-room cottage for sale on Rosedalo
st, just north ot Hygienic Ice Company, that is &
cosy home for any man. It bas water, gas, and
sewer, slate mantels, latrobe, etc; lot 24 by U0;
stable in rear; price for aU this only 250; seo
me about It ;
at once. National Loan nnd Investment
Company, 613 E st n. w. A. C. GLANCY, Sea
mer in private family; 3 minutes' walk
from It It station. Address X. Laurel. Md.S123
HALL. .Man lacfor. rear S38 D st sw. ap3-lm
horse, carriage, harness, etc. Address HAK
GAIN, this office.
J? n.w ; lots 41 and 43, sq 617; lots 17x93 each to
10-ft alley Price per ft, flSO.
A. S, CAY-
IV CULI, K33 Ifth St XLW.
opposite Pension Office. Rev. Alex. Kent.
pastor, will speak at 11 IV on "How Should Con
gress Receive tho Coxoy Good Roaos Associa
tlon" AUwclcome. beats free It
trlc fans, 1 horse power motor: as good na
now; cheap, nt 041 D st nw. JERSEY DAIRY
fi Our Homestead, Beers, Vines. Liquors, and
Cigars, also oysters in ever stylo. S. E. Con 4tn
and K sts. n. w., Washington, 1). C. ap;S-lm
but as a matter of fact we will paralyze yon
on low rates for desirable property. Come and
seo us. FEAKE SMITH, btb and Md. are n.0.
Moore, Employment Agency,
MCUbt nw., Washington, D. a
Send postal card.
Sewing Machines seUing so rapidly at P0 at
Auerbach's Capitol Hill branch. Domestic sew
ing machines. Pattern agency, corner Fourth,
and Pennsylvania avenue southeast Complete
with attachments and warranted for five yean.
Printers and Stationers Law Printing.
SIS Fifth ft nw. XL. W. MOORE. Manager
- a A.ageaajteaa

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