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THE WASHINGTON TIMES, SUNDAY, MAY 20, 1894.
The Washington Times
(Evebt Dit in the Year)
OWNED AND ISSUED BY
The Washington Times
C0E.S1R ELKTXNTH AND E STREETS NORTHTTEST.
Bcstness Office, 1 Eleventh 8tbket N. W.
Telephone Editorial Rooms, 837-3.
Business Office, S37-S.
Price, Dally Edition One Cent
Sunday Edition .Three Cents.
By the month Thlrty-flye Cents.
WASHINGTON. D. C, MAY 20. 1891.
The Weather To-day.
Tor District of Columbia, Delaware, and
Maryland: Showers, probably followed by
fair; much cooler: wind shifting to North;
conditions favorable for frosts Bundny night.
For Virginia: Showers; much cooler; winds
shifting to Northwest, and becoming danger
ous on thn coast; conditions favorable for
frosts in interior Sunday nicht,
THE CLASSES AOAINST THE MASSES.
The masses are learning, with a certainty
never before attained, that they are in the
midst of a vital contest with the aggressive
class Iniluenco of the country. That honest
courage, broad conception, and absolute faith
in the people that marked the public services
of the Jeffersons, the Jacksons, and the Madi
sons teem wholly lacking in congressional
measures at the present time, and particularly
so in the Senate, since that body has had the
tariff bill under consideration.
It can be said, without doing violence to the
truth, that these lords of legislation, instead
of trusting the people actually distrust them.
Such a condition of affairs is menacing to a
proper growth and developmentof republican
institutions. The people know more about
the economic questions of the day than they
are credited with knowing, and they empha
sized that knowledge by the majority sent to
the lower house of Congress in favor of re
form. Upon the lines of taxation that ma
jority did its duty promptly and well, but
what can be said of the Senate? In the Amer
ican house of lords there seems to be no ques
tion of party politics or political principle, but
rather an issue of the classes against the
One of the most meritorious provisions of
the tariff bill is the one taxing incomes, and
yet this provision is the one that has provoked
the most bitter opposition, and that, too, from
men who assume to speak for Democratic
Man in his natural state, without the pos
session of property, needs but little legista
tlon. It is the property rights that call for
the multiplicity of law3 and that engender
the great conflicts of chihzation, not only in
the balls of legislation, but also in the courts,
and it is the property rights that have brought
into operation and developed to its highest
degree all the machinery of civil government
Is It not just, then, that the taxing power re
quire that property and its legitimate product
bear its portion of the burdens of taxation?
The people are fully informed of the fact
that the principal opposition to this system of
taxation comes from those, whose greed and
avarice are sorely oppressing the toiling
masses of this country.
The people are determined to have a favor
able hearing on this question, and if they fall
to get it through oco of the old parties, they
will get It through some new party that has
the courage and honesty to stand for equal
rights and justice to all.
The American people are intelligent, in
dustrious, patient, and long-suffering, and
are only moved to action against the existing
order of things after long and grievous
wrongs, and their present uprising cannot be
turned aside by indifference or ridicule.
Congress will act the part of wisdom if it
recognizes the danger, acts promptly, and
averts n fiercer conflict that will surely come
unless tbe industrial liberties of the people
are restored to them by wise and just legis
lation. LEGISLATION BY CONFERENCE.
A few days ago Senator Hale, of Maine, in
a speech on the tariff, tauntingly Informed the
Democratic majority of the Senate that they
had no hope or expectation of crystallizing
into law the Wilson bill as it came from the
House or with the addition of the four hun
dred odd amendments which the Senate
Finance Committee has appended, but that
the real tariff bill, if any were passed, would
be the work of a conference committee.
Senator Halo probably knew what he was
talking about. He has been long in public
life, having served a somewhat lengthy ap
prenticeship in the House before his promo
tion to the Senate. While in the former
body he was a member of the Appropriations
Committee In moro than one Congress, and
as such served on numerous conference com
mittees and assisted In reconciling several ap
parently Insurmountable differences between
the two Houses.
Therefore when Mr. Hale jeered his Demo
cratic opponents be was well aware that the
practice of legislation by conference com
mittee was not a new one. It has existed for
a long timo, and it has grown to such an ex
tent during the last fifteen or twenty years
that it is getting to be, it it is not already, an
abuse of the legitimate legislative functions
and prerogatives of the representatives of the
As we remember, the practice of referring
to conference differences between the two
Houses originally pertained almost exclu
sively to appropriation bills, and was neces
sitated by the pretty uniform habit of the
Senato to increase the amounts carried by
nearly all the bills which came from the
House. In the beginning the conference
committee was a sort of spllt-the-difference
affair, the conferees of each House giving
and taking a little. The system bad much
to commend it during the short sessions, par
ticularly as it saved time and enabled the
two bodies to proceed with other business.
Now, however, nearly everything is thrown
Into conference. Not only the great money
bills for the carrying on of the government;
the revenue bills, by which the ways and
means are provided, but also even Insignifi
cant private pension bills, have either to-be
completed in this way or not at all.
It is entirely safe to say that there has not
been an Important measure enacted into law
during the last dozen years that has not been
effected in conference. In addition to the
appropriation bills, nearly all of which at
every session has to run the gauntlet, the
system now Includes almost everything in the
shape of legislation.
In 1SS3, in response to the demands of the
country as expressed in the elections of the
preceding year, Congress decided to revise
the tariff. After long and exhaustive debates
as to the best methods of procedure, a com
mission was appointed to perform the work.
This commission visited many of the princi
pal Industrial centers likely to be affected by
changes, gave extended hearings, and accu
mulated large masses of testimony, and finally
prepared and submitted a till. This bill was
referred to the Ways and Means Committee,
and by these (rentlemeu it was torn to pieces,
and in its stead on entirely different bill was
'constituted. In the course of time it got over
to the Senate, and after the Finance Commit
tee got through with it it was unrecognizable.
Then the Senate itself did a little more tinker
ing, after which the inevitable conference
finished the Job, the result being that the
product was not the bill of the tariff commis
sion, nor that of the Ways and Means Com
mittee, nor of the Senate itself. Many of the
principal features of the measure were en
tirely the work of the conference.
The history of the McKinley act of 1890 is
still fresh in the publlo mind. The appear
ance of the late Secretary Blaine beforo the
Senate Finance Committee, and the amend
ments suggested and so earnestly urged by
him and their adoption, in the main, by the
committee, will not soon be forgotten. When
the Senate got through with the bill there
wore not so many amendments as are now
proposed by the Tinance Committee to the
Wilson bill; but some of the changes made
were fully as radical and far-reaching. The
final disposition of tho question is another
pointed instance of legislation by conference
But the practice has not been confined to
appropriation and revenue bills. The system
has been so extended that it now practically
embraces all measures of a semi-public char
acter, and in several Instances insignificant
private pension bills did not escape. An ex
member of Congress is authority for the state
ment that tho lale Senator Plumb was the
first to introduce this plan for securing the
passage of private and semi-private bills. It
operates something after this fashion: A bill
passes tho House and goes to the Senate, 13
amended, and then some Senator interested
in it moves for the appointment of a confer
ence committee without referring the bill
back to the House for concurrence lu the
Senate amendments. Wo aro informed that
in this way a number of measures of an en
tirely different Bcope from these passod by
the House became the law of the land.
This is not legislation by the two Houses of
Congress. It is not legislation by the com
mittees charged with examination and report
on the matters submitted to them. It is sim
ply legislation by conference committee.
Senator Hale knows all about these things.
He has occupied a seat at one end or the
other of tho Capitol since and Including the
Forty-flrst Congress, except the Forty-sixth,
when in 1878 he went down before Green
backer and Stonecutter Murch.
Legislation by conference committee has
become a full-grown abuse. Now is a good
time to put a etop to it. Is Senator Hale
ready to take the lead in a movement for re
THE POLICEMAN'S CLUB.
Police discipline in tho larger cities is be
coming a more vital question evory day. The
indolence and exasperating absence of the
policemen from scenes of disorder and crime
at times, and at others their unwarranted t igi
lance and brutality, have disgraced tho rec
ords of municipal government In many cities
of this country.
A few days ago a man in New York city re
ceived a blow on tho head which produced
concussion of tho brain, and when found in
the street in a semi-conscious condition the
intelligent policeman "run him in" for drunk
enness. Notwithstanding tho unfortunate
man's protestations of sobriety and statement
of his condition, he was lockod up in a cell
and detained twenty-four hours without nour
ishment or medical attention.
Another case in point from tho same city
was tho arrest and arraignment of a poor and
aged woman on a charge of stealing a loaf of
bread from a bread wagon. The owner of tho
wagon made no complaint, but the big, burly
policeman forced this poor woman to meet
tho mortification and disgrace of appearing
in court to answer tho charge of petty lar
ceny. If the American policemen would pay less
nttention 'to women and children and moro
attention to the real thieves and thugs who
prey upon the people they would more nearly
.subserve the ends of justice and acquit them
selves more hfco the protectors of society.
Tho line between liberty and police authority
ought to be more clearly drawn, and tho
license of the policeman to restrain persons
according to his own caprice should be re
voked. m t
ACTION OF LAEOE STATISTICIANS.
The beginning of the end of the single tax
discussion 13 in sight. For some time single
tax has been steadily passing through and be
yond the stage of ridicule, and is now receiv
ing the serious and careful consideration of
thoughtful men in every department of
society and of government. During tho past
week in this city a striking example of this
fact has been given.
On last Thursday Dr. B. F. Longstreet and
J. U. Ralston, slnglo taxers well known in
this city, called the attention of the labor
statisticians in convention assembled to the
importance of the matter of single tax, point
ing out tho present system of bad taxation
and land speculation wa3 the efficient and
underlying cause of industrial depressions,
and urging an investigation Into the probable
workings of tho slnglo tax.
On Thursday, directly in the line of the
suggestions made by these gentlemen, the
conentlon by a nearly unanimous voto re
solved to make the investigations asked for.
Thus it will happen that during the next year
fifteen or twenty different states, through
their labor bureaus, may be expected to in
vestigate the question of taxation. As a con
sequence, single taxers confidently anticipate
that .their theory will bo greatly advanced,
and the illogical character of taxation upon
industry thoroughly demonstrated.
The time when the dividing issues between
the great parties in this country shall be upon
slnglo tax lines is npproacbing with a rapid
ity not realized by the many who are blind to
the signs of the times, but obvious to the stu
dent of publlo affairs in and out of Congress.
CLEAR THE STEEETS.
The Baltimore and Ohio railroad in north
east Washington is a constant menace to the
people residing there, and as long as it re
mains the procession of sacrificed lives will
continue, to say nothing about its interfer
ence with the development of that section,
which the presence of the railroad bars.
There is but one solution of the trouble,
and that is the removal of all tracks Inside
the city limits.
If the passenger and freight 'depots were re
moved to Eckington, and all tracks inside the
city limits removed, no interest that uses the
road would seriously suffer, and the railroad
itself would be just as well off. It would not
lose a penny that it would otherwise get by
reason of such a change.
Passengera reaching Washington almost in
variably take some conveyance carriage,
'bus, or street car to reach their abiding
places; and It would be Immaterial to them
whether they took the said conveyances at
the boundary or at the present depot. Tho
cost of such transportation would be no
greater. Suburban clerks would find it just
about as easy to reach their offices from the
boundary as from the present depot, and
there would be no greater difficulty or ex
pense in handling freight from that point
than from the present.
It will, no doubt, be urged that the railroad
has a "right" to its present facilities. On J
this point The Times takes issue. Regardless
of any alleged contract that may exist, Tn
Times asserts that the people at any timo
have a right to refuse to continue to any
parties permission to use the public streets
for any purpose when such use has become
a menace to the peace and welfare of the
peoplo and a constant source of danger.
Let tho people of northeast Washington
take up the fight for tho removal of this rail
road from tho city, and The Times con be
relied on to aid the cause at all times.
THE BEEBEEY INVESTIGATION.
The Senate bribery investigating committee
got down to business yesterday. The publlo
will regret to learn that it has been decided
to conduct the inquiry behind closed doors,
even though It bo the intention, as stated,
to print the record of the proceedings at the
conclusion of the case.
Tho allegation that "tho inquiry could bo
made more thorough and more complete
justice, done to all" by holding private hear
ings may well bo doubted.
It is announced that the committee will
first inquire into the alleged attempt to bribe
Senators Hunton and Kylo, and after finish
ing that branch of the business will then look
into the operations of the sugar trust and its
Ono reason given for holding secret ses
sions is that the questions the committee will
have to ask and discuss aro of a very delicate
and personal nature, possibly affecting the
private characters of anumberof Senators and
It eeoins to look as if O. H. J. Taylor, the
professional colored man from Kansas, may
bo recorder of deeds of the District of Co
lumbia after all.
TiiEnn will bo no early closing of the de
partments during tho dog dnjs this year, and
so the clerks will ha-, e to put in full time.
And vet wo are repeatedly told that thero are
too many people employed for the work to bo
It will be cheering news to the Treasury
clerks of those divisions affected by the Dock
cry reduction bill that places will be found
for most of them elsewhere. For several
months vacancies caused by death, resigna
tions, and other causes have not been filled,
so that tho people legislated out of office can
bo transferred to the vacancies.
It may be confidently predicted that the
sweet girl graduate will have several remark
able essays to deliver soon on Important and
The mean men of the western press are
circulating the story that Mrs. Loose carries
a razor. As it is not probable that she uses
it for the razor's usual function, it might be
well for these western editors to look out.
Wheels were used In the tenth century B.
C, leaving out of account thoso that ro
vohed in tho heads of tho early politicians
and woman's rights people.
The rapid introduction of the electric light
is reducing tho use of gas tremendously, but
it has no effect on tho Cow at the Senate.
Tho deadly cigarette habit fails to kill in a
great many deserving cases.
There i3 an excellent new fly-paper on ths
market. Manager Scnmelz has not yet ex
amined into Its merits.
He who runs may bo Reed.
Dr. Parkburst has been dramatized. Tho
result is a farce, of course.
;To Hours Dcotcd to tho Tariff nndTwo
to the Calendar.
The Senate was in a very peaceful frame of
mind yesterday. Only two hours were spent
on the tariff bill, and Mr. Galllnger delivered
another Installment of his serial on the tariff.
MiLor amendments offered to tho glassware
schedule passed over jesterday, increasing
the rate, were agreed to, and rates on plain,
cut, aud window glass agreed to.
At request of Mr. Aldrich, who wished to
bate the consideration of schedule C, on
metals, passed cer until tho committee re
plies had been returned by the printtr on
Monday, tho tariff bill was then dropped and
the calendar takenup. Amongtbebills pa&sod
were Senator Hoar's anti-lottery bill, which
had an amendment as follows: "So as not to
apply to such an institution as a drawing for
A bill granting tho right to build n bridge
over the MIouri; also a bill grautiiig the St.
Paul, Minneapolis and Manitoba Railroad
Company right of way through the White
Earth and Fon du Lnc Indian reservations in
the state of Minnesota; also a bill to release a
certain limitation existing In on act of Con
gress touching the Episcopal church at St,
Augustine, Tla.; also a bill to amend the act
establishing a court of appeals la tho District
of Columbia: also a bill to confirm to the heirs
of Mrs. Courtney Ann Claiborne the title to a
tract of land in Louisiana: also u bill to
amend the act of 1S50 extending the Umlt3 of
the collection district of Hartford, Conn., and
a bill granting a pension to Mrs. Levlnia D.
Atlion, of Indianapolis, Ind., were consid
ered. Then, at 4.03 p. m.. on motion of Mr. Har
ris, tho Senate adjournod until Monday at 10
ABOUT HAWAIIAN DECORATIONS.
Senate Bill Introduced to Allow American
Officers to Itccciv e Them.
Senator Turple yesterday introduced a bill
to authorize several American citizens tp ac
cept decorations and testimonials fromthe
Hawaiian government. The decorations, the
acceptance of which is authorized, are: One
to Rear Admiral George Brown, oT tho navy,
that of knight grand officer of the roval
order of KalaLaua, conferred upon htm by
King Kalakaua Dec. 3, 1590; one to Ensign
George P. Blow, of the navy, of I he royal
order of of Kalakaua, conferred upon Lira by
the queen; one to Lieut. George L. Dyer, that
of knight companion of the royal order of
Kalakaua; one to Capt. George C. Rcmey, of
knight commander of the royal order of
Kalakaua. conferred by tho king: onx to
Medical Inspector George W. Woods, of the
rojal order of Kalakaua; a medal of honor
to Frank Lanier, of the Charleston, conferred
by Queoa Liluokalana for sen Ices to the late
king. These decorations are ail awarded on
account of courtesies extended to the late
King Kalakaua during his Mtto California
just prior to his death, and the recipients are
all connected with the Uuited States navy. '
People's Church Young People -Meet.
The Young People's Union of tho People's
church held their regular bi-monthly meet
ing at the residence et the Misses Daisy and
Mamie Hicfcox, 453 G street northwest, on
lnjt Friday night. After the regular business
was transacted the meeting adjourned for a
social time. Dancing was enjojed by a large
number until a late hour. Amongthose pres
Iter, and .Mrs. Alexander Kent, Mr. and Mrs
Maxwell, iirs. Reyburn, Mr. and Mrs. BIsbec.
Sir. and Mrs. A. J. Stabler, Mrs Morris. MIs?es
H. May Johnson, Beulab and Violet Reeves,
Clear, Ruby Crowell, Keyburn, Gertrude Fair
child, Bright, Holmes, 11. Morrison, Alice aud
Maud Morris, Messrs. Horace Mann, George
W arreu, Russell Abbott, Davis, Foster, ?tewart,
Lainmond. Phillip lindall, George Hassleintin,
W. S. Ilelth. Hurley, sullhsn, stokes, Elliott,
Monroe, Louis II. Stabler, and Dr. Stewart.
Vouhg Assaulter Caught.
Everett Winslow, a sixteen-year-old negro,
attempted to assault Maggie Nortbridge, also
colored, in thoSmithsonlan Park near Seventh
street a little before dark last night. The at
tempt failed, "however, as the cries of the
woman attracted Policeman Schradcr. who
captured the boy and took him to the Fourth
Distinguished People Off for Europe.
New Yobk, May 19. On board the Cunard
liner Campania, which sailed for Liverpool
to-day, were Lord Ashburton, Lady Ashbur
ton, Col. J. J. Upham, United States army,
Capt. Gull, and Cornelius Vanderbilt and
On tho French liner La Bretagne were Mrs.
Pierre Lorillard and W. H. Vanderbilt, jr.
CLOAK ROOM AND GALLERY.
Congressman Dunn, of Elizabeth, N. J., is
a good instance of a man who hat risen In life
purely by his own persevering efforts. He
suffered a good deal of hardship during his
early years, and at eleven years of ago actu
ally did not know the alphabet. Ho served
on a farm, as a sailor boy, and learned iron
molding, brass turning, and silver burnish
ing. While thus employed he devoted his
eveniugs, Sundays, and holidays to study, in
the endeavor to complete his limited educa
tion. Not satisfied with this, he began the study
of law, and was admitted to the bar. Then
politics claimed his attention, and he became
an alderman, and then a member, and finally
the speaker of the New Jersey legislature.
This Is a life of perseverance of which any
man may well feel proud.
Congressman J. H. Walker, of Massachu
setts, has just issued a new edition of his
work on "Money, Trade, and Banking,"
which during tho few years It has been before
the public has won a great success.
Mr. Walker is a practical, clear-headed man
of business, who believes in sound money and
Industrial liberty, and his brief manual is one
of tho most forcible and satisfactory ever
pnt into tho hands of some of his financially
befuddled colleagues in the House that could
possibly be suggested.
On Saturdays Senators and Congressmen
are more earnest student3 ot the weather
charts In the two lobbies than on any other
day ot the week. A good many are planning
Sunday expeditions a good tramp or a trip
down the river and they want to know the
weather outlook In advance.
Several ot the Justices of the Supreme Court
went down the river yesterday to the annual
planked shad dinner of the bar of the District
at Marshall Hall.
They had a merry time, as they alway9 do,
History recounts that Justice Brown last year
indulged in shooting clay pipes, and that Jus
tice Gray listened with evident delight to cos
ter songs from an Edison phonograph. Just
what was done yesterday will have to be
chronicled a year hence, for a time-honored
custom prevents the intrusion of any but
parasites of known secretlveness, and it takes
a year for the news to leak out.
The weather yesterday, by the way, was
Tery much of the same sort and of the same
amount that our legal lights were favored
with last year.
Senator Smith, who bar been 111 for the past
two or three days and later went to Tren
ton to try to put an end to another New
Jersey strike, is back again in his seat in the
Senato and hard at work on the paragraph ot
the tariff bill in which his state is Interested.
During his short service In the Senate Sen
ator Smith has made a great many friends, for
be Is a genial "man, with a straight out-and-out
Cordiality which makes him popular
Two of his best friends in the Senate are
on the Republican side, RedSeld Proctor and
Fred Dubois, but he has plenty of others who
think a great deal of him. That appears to
be a large element of bis remarkable success
ot getting what he wonU in tariff bills or in
the state he represents.
The House was not in session yesterday,
and that end of thn Capitol appeared more
than usually quiet yesterday.
Legislation is so well advanced, in view of
the delayed condition of matters, that there Is
a promising disposition in the House to take
llfn easy. '
Atout the only matters that are of especial
Interest to members are the hearings of com
mittees from whom they want a favorable
recommendation on a bill for fresh appropri
ations In their districts directly, as for Fed
eral buildings, or indirectly beneficial legisla
tion. Senator Higgins, pf Delaware, has suddenly
blossomed out as a ready debater. Daring
the early part of the tariff discussion he was
not frequently hoard from. In the week that
has Just passed he has been In his seat cyery
At the close of the present week there ap
pears good room to believe that the tariff bill
is not only going to go through, but also go
through fairly rapidly. Many of ihe Re
publican leaders are fair enough and
honest enough and patriotic enough to be
unwilling to filibuster against a measure that
must inevitably become law. A few men like
Dolpb, for instance, a second Stewart, is nar
row enough to declare for an obstructionist
policy. But such a course, with business at
the low ebb that it is, does not meet with ap
proval or eten respect from fair-minded
When It comes to the latter paragraph of
the bill there is going to be trouble. The income-tax
feature will be bitterly and per
sistently fought. But the best y lew is that it
is going to be adopted.
As time Dosses the resistance in the Houso
is rapidly becoming less, and refractory Dem
ocrats there are being gradually swung into
lino by the leaders.
Special Sessions of Congress to Consider
To the Editor of The Times:
The present situation, bad as it is, might be
worse. It is reasonable to assert that It will be,
unless a remedy! adequate to the case is found.
This requires serious and deliberate study by
the legislative body. Undoubtedly Congret9 has
powerto give relief and establish prosperity, but
there is no time in regular sessions for reform
measures to be considered fairly. Routine busi
ness and the "Jobs' tafce all; when these are
through with, the congressman hurries home to
"meoa nis lences men the legislative author
ity of the nation goes Into the President's pocket
aDd sleeps there, awaiting his sovereign's v, ill on
the return of the regular session, to go through
the same sensely routine and such again. Thus
there Is no political or economic progress
for fifty years that has been going on, and tho
fieople la their conceit and besotted Ignorance
tuagine tbl to be cood government. 'Ihe first
step towards relief Is that Congress should be
made to consider the measures on which there
is a general agreement by Intelligent organized
American labor. For this they should stay lu
session or meet specialty In extra session, when
routine legislation is closed. In fact, once met,
as socu as pcsslble after elect'on, Congrt-s?
should not adjourn at all, but take a brief recess
for rest as is needed. The legislative power
should always be alte and awake, free from
executive discretion. A Congressman Is a
salaried officer, aud his time belongs to the
First of all then let organized labor ask a
special hearing la a session devoted solely to
consider measures of relief.
This Is the first atep toward better times
Demand this persistently, and it will come
Washington, D. C, May IT.
Valuable Harps Burned.
Bostom, sfay 19. It has just been dis
covered that six ot the most yaluable harps
ever brodgbt to this country were destroyed
in the United States warehouse fire on Thurs
day. They were part of tho exhibition of S.
i P. Errnrd. of London, at the World's
Fair. Three of them were of Louis XVI de
sign and were valued at $2,000 each, while
the handsomest of tho lot, called Prince of
Wales, was valued at SC.000. They were to
be shipped back to England, but four of them
were sold here the day before the Are.
Unknown Man Drowned.
The body of an unknown white man was
found floating in the river last night at about
6 o'clock near the Virginia end of the Long
bridge. Charles Campbell found the body,
which bad apparently been in the water three
days, and tied it to the bushes on tbe bank.
He informed tbe police at No. 4 station, but
the body being found outside their jurisdic
tion, the matter was left for tbe Virginia
authorities nt 'Alexandria to investigate.
v. Social Mention.
Miss Katie. Millard, of Asheville, N. C, is
visiting her sister, Mrs. George K. Denmark,
of 1918 Sixth street northwest.
Friday evening Miss Perdue entertained a
number of her friends, the occasion being in
honor of Miss Wagner, of Harrisburg, pa.,
who has been visiting the national capital
diiring the past week.
A Judicial Outing.
There was an air ot loneliness in the City
Hall and vicinity yesterday in consequence of
the annual shad bake given by the Bar Asso
ciation at Marshall Hall
Nearly 203 members ot the District bench
and bar, piloted by Mr. K. Boss Perry, attended
tea banquet down tbe river.
EIGHT HOURS IN ENGLAND.
The Growing Popularity of the Movement
in that Country.
Claude Meeker, consul at Bradford, Eng
land, has contributed an interesting chapter
to tbe history of labor legislation in a report
to the Department of State upon experiments
with the eight-hour system by English em
ployers of labor. He says that though at
tempted legislation in that direction has been
several times defeated, the fight Is to be re
newed and tbe eight-hour bill will be soon be
fore Parliament. The navy and war depart
ments are now experimenting with the sys
tem, and other branches of the government
service will soon try it. It is fast achieving
frabllc popularity, and in Bradford a ma
ority of tho corporation employes, includ
ing the police, are working but eight hours
An important test was made by the Salford
iron works, near Manchester, where the sys
tem was tried for one year without solicita
tion either by employes or trade unions, at
tho firm's own risk, to prove how far the
widespread desire for shorter hours ot work
might be met without injury to the mechan
ical trades and to ascertain whether it must
be resisted in the Interest of all concerned.
The full complement of men is 1,200. and
the wages paid for forty-eight hours were
tho same as for fifty-three hours under the
old system. About one dozen trades were
represented. The trial was in a year of ex
ceeding depression, when the prices obtained
for tho output were the lowest on record, but
the invoice value of the goods produced
amounted to the nveragn rate of value of the
six preceding jears. This was regarded as
an unfavorable condition for tho test. One
third of tho men employed were on piece
work wages, and that system received a
thorough trial, as well as the weekly wage
system. The production during the trial
year was aetually greater, but the "turn
over," on account of cheap prices, was some
Thia resulted in showing an increase of
four-hundredth", of 1 per cent, in labor cost,
but it was a remarkable fact that tho economy
in the shorter hours for burning gas and fuel,
for wear and tear of tools, machinery, etc.,
amounted to a saving of four-hundredths of
1 per cent., thus exactly equalizing tbe in
creased labor cost. In the fifty-three and
llitj-hoars' work (the old system) the lost
time amounted to '.MS per cent., while in the
forty-eight hours it amounted to but .46. The
result on piece work was looked forward to
with interest, and the wages realized were
1.41 per cent, less than the standard. The
figures in thi manner showed a steady adapt
ation to tbe altered conditions, and made it
evident that as the work proceeded the differ
ence would entirely disappear. The piece
work rates were not advanced la the year.
The superintendent urged the adoption of
tho system by the government, holding that
the men have a better home life by striking
off the two hours before breakfast. He says:
"One year's trial bos convinced me that we
have found a nappy medium In the number
of hour, during which only one meal and
one stoppage aro needed, and this resolved
itself into the eight hour day." Tho foremen's
reports show that the men were more steady
at work, more cheeful and les3 given to inso
briety under the eight hour sjstem. The
moral tone wo3 abo improved and all seemed
brighter and more cheerfuL
Another important test was made by the
Sheffield Smelting Company. It wa3 found
that the cost of wages for both the ton of the
material smelted and the ounce ot bullion
produced was slightly less under the new
scheme. Tbe men had been fresher and
brighter, showed an increased cheerfulness
and Interest, as manifested in both the quan
tity and quality of their work.
SILVER ISSUE IN 1896.
.Mr. DIand Arrives from Missouri and
Talks About ibe Convention.
Representative Bland, of Missouri, returned
yesterday flushed with the triumphs ot the
state convention, in which he was the con
spicuous figure aj author and exponent of the
free-silver plank of the platform. He freely
discussed tbe convention and tho reports cir
culated that he would be a free-silver candi
dates for Presidency.
"Of course I, nm not callous to the kindlv
suggestions of my name in connection with
tho Presidency,"" said Mr. Bland, with good
nature, "but I havo never considered such a
possibility, and I am giving no attention
Mr. Bland was asked as to the western and
southwestern tendency toward a silver candi
date for tho Presidency.
'I think that section undoubtedly will in
sist on the nomination of a western man."
said l.e, "an j the candidate unquestionably
w ill be a bimetallism It may be a conflict be
tween the East and West, but my judgment Is
that tho West will prevail. A western candi
date, sharing th- western views of flntneo con
command strength in Ohio, Pennsylvania,
and other sections of tbe East as well as in
Mr. Bland then told of the convention, and
cleared up misunderstandings which have
nrisen as to tbe 1C to 1 ratio feature being In
corporated in the platform.
"The silver view prevailed throughout,"
said Mr. Bland, "and tnc financial plank re
flected the overwhelming sentiment of the
convention for a retnonetization of silver.
The specific language of a 16 to 1 ratio was
nut Incorporated in the document. But it
was framed to favor a return to the bimetallic
standard in operation in 1S73, when silver
was demenetized. As that ratio was 16 to 1,
there can bo no misunderstanding as to the
meaning of the plonk. As I wrote the plank,
thero can hardly be a question of its express
ing silver views in the way wo wanted them.
In order to meet the argument of some people
that gold may be driven out of the country,
we broadened the platform with the pro
vision that if necessary to maintain the
parity nn examination would bo made as to
whether silver had fallen or gold had risen,
in order that a new ratio might be adjusted.
Convict Labor Bills.
To the Editor of The Times:
Two bills have been lately Introduced In the
House one "a bill for the protection of honest
industries from unjust and ruinous competition
of convict-made goods transported from one
state or territory Into another;" tbe other, "a
bill to protect free labor and Ibeinljstries in
which It Is employed from the Injurious effect of
convict labor by confining the wares aud mer
chandise manufactured by convict labor tu the
elate In which they are produced."
Permit me to express the opinion that neither
cf these bills will have the slightest effect In
"protecting" free or honest labor. Labor can
not bo "protected" bysuih methods. Jl he sooner
working people realize this fact, the sooner will
they leatu how labor can really be "protected."
'lhu only "protection"' labor really needs Is
opportunity to produce all wealth It is capable
of producing, and tho richt to keep the wealth
it does produce, without being compelled to
share It with some one who has done nothing to'
aid its production. Any other "protection' it
lias no right to and sbould not receive, and it is
senseless to demand any other. Tho attempt to
furnish any other Invariably results to the in
jury cf tho great body or laborers.
Convicts are supported by taxation, the great
burden of which falls on labor. Taxation should
be readjusted so that none of It would fall on
labor Then convicts should be required to sup
port thomsolves by their own labor.
1 will go further. 1 propeso that convicts be
allowed reasonable compensation for the labor
they perform 1 know of nothing that would do
mors to renllyrefotm cunvlcts than this. If they
have families dependent on them, they could
then contribute to their support; If not, then they
coLld accuuiulato their earnings until tho ends
of their terms, and vould then leave tho prisons
able to start right and would not be compelled
by poverty to resort to crime to secure suste
nance. You may observe that I believe that pov
erty Is the most potent factor in inducing crime.
Out of deference to certain honest laborers
that would be thctcbr displaced. It might be well
to not employ i-onvicts in producing goods for
sale. But there aro lines In which tbey could be
employed where such competition would not be
felt. Tor instance. In developing public high
ways or in mining.
Iustead of tho bills above cited, it would be
better to pass a bill providing that all convicts
should be employed on public works, that tbey
should be allowed goud wages for their labor,
and that la'd should be taxed for their main
tenance. I conclusion, I desire to add that It is probable
that neither of said bills is constitutional, as
either would restrict commerce between the
states in direct violation of a provision ot the
Constitution. C. B. HEiiisawvr.
To tbe Editor of Tns Times:
The high prices of the things we want, caused
by the failure to tax one subject, land, and by
tbe taxation of all other subjects. Is the one
great underlying cause of hard times.
The remedy is the abolition of all existing tax
ation ou those other things, the result of which
would be to lower their prices, and the ralslugot
all public revenues by the taxation of land, the
result of which would be to lower (abolish) its
With the price of land greatly reduced It
would be oasler for any one to succeed In any
line of production, and all could have work
at good wages; and with lower prices of the com
modities needod, the wages received would pur
Those who desire to abolish hard times should
insist cu the repeal of taxes on commodities and
the lacre.se of the tax on land, C.
OO D taste
in dress is
If you lack
i t yourself
let us sell
isn't all! You
may pay nearly double our
prices and yet not get as good
clothing. About 30 Suits on
that table now at $7.50. May
be all gone by Monday night.
Parker, Bridget & Go.,
315 Seventh St. N. W.
thing is imita
ted so with
oar method of
TEETH. V e
have the sole
D. C. right to
Its use. When
you want a tooth extracted painlessly,
without any anaesthetics and without
danger, come to us.
Extracting without pain, SO cents.
Other dental operations In proportion.
Evans Dental Parlors,
1217 Pa. Ave. N.W.
Rustic qncn 1
That's an offer you'll appre
ciate It you have a desire to
spend the warm evenings out
The eettees are strong, nice
looking, and will stand all
weather. See them.
W. B. Moses & Sons,
Home Comfort Furnishers,
11TH AND F STS. N. W.
PAID YOUR RENT ?
I SUPPOSE TOU HAVE-REGULARLY
FOR 31T TEARS, hujing
homes for others. STOP IT now and
Use your rent mnnej each month In
BUYING A HOME FOR YOURSELF.
I haTe three houses, lately finished,
Atc rooms each, with good yards, near
They cost, with lots, 1,032 feet In each,
in absolute casn, $1,400.
I will sell them to the right persons
for that amount on following terms:
No Cash Payment $15 Per Month.
Two beautiful three-story and base
ment brick, houses, brand new, splen
didly planned and finished, erery mod
ern convenience, good lot, near Lincoln
Park. Could not be duplicated to-day
for $1,000 each. Will sell them for that.
Xo Cash Payment--$25 Per Month.
Also a very stug tittle home but one
block from 11-street cars. Two-story
bay-window brlci, six rooms, bath,
and all modern conveniences; well
built and finished; lot worth $1,200
alone. Cost nearly $3,000 to build.
Take the property for $2,200.
No Cash Payment$20 Per Month.
Apply to me personally, for I cannot
W. E. LEWIS,
ROOil a KELLOGG BU1LDIXG,
1416 F STREET.
! Gold Dollars for 50c
Would be suQcient Inducement to
crowd our store from earlr morn till
late at nicht. We are not selling gold
dollars, but we are selling GOLD
FILLED WATCHES at a price equally
tempting J9.45 buys here a superb
aicn, nunungense, inenner jugia
or Waltbam movement, with written
guarentee-THJNKOFITI Only 9. 45.
! M. Schuster,
Watches, Jewelry, and Silverware.
717 Market Space.
"Dressy" Business Suits
For Busy Business Men.
Doesn't this warm weather CIO Kfl
suggest a change of apparel? ifl I J . 3 U
We want you to see the superb
array of stylish fabrics we are
mating up for the money. Suits
are perfect m every respect, cut
finish, and stylo right.
CAPITOL TAILORING GO.,
521 Tenth St. N- W.
$13 and Up.
Not counting the comfort of a
Gns Hance lor Summer cooking,
consider how economical they are.
And think how clean and conven
ient tbey are.
2-burner Gas Range, SIS.
3-burner Gas Mange, li
4-boraer Gas Range, tti.
WASH, GASLIGHT GO.
413 10th St. N. W.
Tbrongh the Summer in a heavy suit of
clothes. It's Just as economical to hare a
lightweight suit and save your other.
Give us your order for It. Aa handsome
and One a stock of lightweight clothes Is
here as you'll find. And price will suit Fit
J. J. COSTINETT. 635 G ST..
Military andCivU TsUor.
DONT spend $100 for a lot, but WAIT until
you have read our extraordinary offer in sub
urban lots at Columbia Park, adjacent to Wash
ington, on page 2 in next Sunday's TuiES, where
you can buy lots from $23 to $30, en easy terms.
Oall for circular and get in on tbe ground floor.
Of a special purchase of MEN'S KEAL
$1.25 UIQHT ROBES for T9 CENTS.
Have Fancy band-embroidered Front 4
Madras and Cheviot
S1.00 quality, laundered or "7Q -.
unlaundered, for a few days I w C
$1. CO Kinds, uniaendered, $1.15.
with attached or detcched collars, beau
tiful new designs and coloring, from
S1.C0 to 53.00.
New Shirt Ideas, These!
Why Not Get That Straw
loeb i mm,
Men's Q!ii"fittPr; arm Hatters. 1
912 F St. N. W.
DOST spend flDO for a lot, but WAIT until
you have read onr extraordinary offer in sub
urban lots at Columbia Park, adjacent to Wash
ington, on pag2 in next Sunday's Times, where
you can buy lots from $5o to $30 on easy terms.
Call for circular and get In on the ground floor.
Omco SB F st. nw.
WE nAVE THE LARGEST AXDilOST COM
PLETE bTOCK OF
Hats and Men's Furnishings
499 and 501 Pa. avenue (under National Hotel).
my 19 2t '
When yon give an excursion youTl need
Hand Bills, Programmes, and Tickets. Let
us print 'em-We'll do It "rigntw artlstl-
S3rReduced prices to Religions and Co&r!-
xaMla organizations. Zso extra charge tor
BYRON S. ADAMS, Printer,
512 11TH STREET XW. Phone 93a
W. J. THOROWGOOD,
WALL PAPERS, DECORATION
ROOM XOULDIXGS, SHADES, a
Fresco and Plain Painting.
Estimates cheerfully given.
till Fourteenth Street N. TV.
IS THE BEST MADE.
ESPECIALLY GOOD FOR FAMILY USE.
WASHINGTON" BRANCH, 703-T05 X. CAPT. ST.
PHONE 27a ep27-3ni
you own some real
To build a hous tou
But call upon Miss
To adrance the cash she
Then when you have repaid
&tsTh bouse and lot will be
"jj'4 yonr own.
''SFjiKsjSr'?"' If you keep on paying rent
You will SEVER save a
NOW IS THE TIME, when real estato Is low, to
Invest In It and build a bouse. Soon property
will adrance, so your lot will cost threo times a
much as now. You need not worry about the
money to build with; if you don't happen to have
It you can get it by calling upon tho
LOAN and INVEST
Top floor (Vashlngton Loan and Trust Building.
LEG&L BLANKS. LAW PRINTING.
THE LAW REPORTER COMPAV.
frinters and Stationers. Law Printlne.
513 Fifth st. n.w. IL W 310OKE. llanacer.
Now Opposite Patent Office.
my!7-lm COR. 7TII AND fXff.
JUDD & DETWEILER,
Records and Briefs,
And all kinds of
Printing correctly and
420-422 ELEVENTH ST. N. W.
cured by the treatment
Washington Hernia Institute.
A skillful physician In charse.
1110 F St.
Open Dally. 10.30 to 5.
ANDREW B. GRRHRM
1230 PENN. AVE.
Pabst Brewing Go.'s
The Selby House
602 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE,
Washington, D. C.
Flrst-claM furnished rooms Meals at all
hours. Fine nines, liquors and clears.
THOS. L. SELBY, PROP.
. - ' --- " Jr?J-2CY-irzirf Jr.,