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The Washington times. (Washington, D.C.) 1894-1895, July 23, 1894, Image 1

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VOL.1. m. 128.
2 3 CENT.
. JCf-N j.' 'jfSSi
Cerican Railway Union Officials'
Appeal to the Public
ragnration of Such a Policy Would Bring
Lthe Railroad Companies to Terms Fight
o Be Continued Until Fall Justice Has
'Been Dono to the Employes.
JntcAOO, Jnly 22. Messrs. Dobs. Rogers,
nrd and Kclluer, the American Railway
i officials, to-day issued an address to
labile, the substance of which is as fol-
"Cook County Jul.
"Chicago, July 22, 1S31.
ho American rublle:
is almost unlv ersally conceded that the
,in company, tnrougu ort-repentea re-
is jbf wages, excessive renis anu ruany
Lenses. liao gnovously wronged its
Wa. and -whatever ma v bo ald about
tat railroad strike which resulted in
quence of such grievances, tho arbitrary
,il of said Pullman company 10 suumii
jltrntion in anv lorm feen to decide tho
tion if there was anything to nrbilrato)
oof nositivo that said company had no
i in the iustieo of its cause and fears the
closures that aro certain to result from an
nest investigation, and in view of the
aw losses entailed unon tho country such
bstinaev on the part of tho Fullman com-
tianv Is deservinc: of the severest condemna
tion. Wo propose that tho rullraan company
shall b brought to justice, and this in a vvay
that will not necessitate a stride with its at
tendant ills.
"We havo faith in the American people.
They, uphold justice; they love f.Ur play. And
now, in tho name of justice and fair play, we
appeal to tho great American public, to every
Rood man and every good woman not to rido
in a Pullman car until the Pullman company
docs justice to its employes. Let tho cars run
absolutely empty. No friend of humanity
v. ill occupy a seat or birth in a Pullman car.
Let this policy be inaugurated and we will
then see how long tho railway companies will
be bound by their contract", as they hae in
duced the public to believe, to haul Pullman
cars. Wo propose to continue this fight
ngaint the Pullman company through good
and evil report and without regard to conse
quences until justice shall be done. There
will bo no surrender. We will use every avail
able and lawful mean to press tho contest.
"It is requested that all papers throughout
tho land, f avorabl" to labor and to doing justice
to humanity, copy this statement in full and
keep it standing as long as possible."
i "Earnestly appealing to tho great public to
)nld us in tin's unequal contort and rolling
with implicit faith upon the final and power-
( ful triumph of the right, wo subscribe our
selves, very respcciiuny, yours,
"Ecoene V. Debs, President.
"Geokoe W. Howard, Vice President
"Silvesteb KELinEB. Secretary.
"L.W. Koqebs, Editor Hallway Times."
In regard to the appeal gh en out by himself
nnd his associates to-day, Mr. Debs said this
'Since tho cessation of the recent hostilities
wo have received letters from all parts of tho
country from persons who say that while they
do not sanction violence in tho Pullman light,
they aro with us first and last. They say tcey
are very much dissatisfied with Pullman's ab
solute refusal to entertain any proposition
looking toward a settlement of tho differ
ences. "Wo are going to continue to appeal to the
American people not to ride in his cars," ho
said, "on account of this sympathy nnd we
will see whether hauling empty cars cannot
bring Mr. Pullman to time. They are now
trvmg to open tho shops at Pullman, but tho
men will not return to work that has been
decided by them and their places cannot bo
Wo aro constantly receiving telegrams
from all parts of the country stating that tho
men aro still out and determined to stay out
until the stride is declnred off. In this city,
the sn ltchmen, with the exceptions of n very
few, aro out as solidly for us as they wero
the day strike was declared. While the com
panies say that they aro running their trains
on timo, it Is nevertheless a fact that tbey are
badly crippled, especially with their freight
service. We are confident of ultimate suc
cess nnd our organization Is growing at tho
rato of COO members n day."
lie Represents in His Person, Says
Gompcrs, the Rights of Labor.
New Yoke, July 22. Now that the bitter
railroad strike Is over, tho leaders of ths lo
cal labor organizations aro taking up
the matter of securing the proper de
fense for Eugene V. Debs, president of the
American Railroad Union. This activity
is In accordance with an appeal issued by
President Gompers, of the American Federa
tion of Labor, which will be published in the
Augut number of the American redcrution,
tho official organ of tho Federation. It reads
as follows:
"Eugene V. Debs stands as one of the most
conspicuous figures before tho country. None
doubt his houesty and fidelity to the cause
of tbo wronged against tho wrongdoers. Yet
he is in jail awaiting the action of tbo
United States courts upon the charge of con
tempt of its injunctiou. Ho is requested to
nppear before four different courts, located
hundreds of miles from each other, at
one nnd tho same time. He is under In
dictment for conspiracy for obeying the in
structions of his organization and requesting
railroad men to quit work to aid their
6trugging fellow-workmen. Tho corpora
tions havo their claws ready to fasten upon
the body of Debs, not simply to try and crush
him, but they hope to forco the men of labor
into silence and slavish submission.
"That purpose cannot, dare not, and will
not succeed. Debs must bo defended, nnd
ably defended. In his person at tbis time he
represents tho rights of labor. Eugene V.
Debs is a poor nan; ho has no money;
his trial and preparation for it
will require a considerable amount, nnd we
know that tbo workers of tho country have
never yet been appealed to in vain to help
the cause of justice, humanity and right. All
unions should contribute. Wo ask all labor
ing men to open subscriptions for tho 'Debs
legal defense fund.'
"By order of the executive committco of
the American redcration of Labor.
"Samuel Gojipebs. President."
Tno American Federation heads the list
witn a subscription of $500.
Pullman Shops Must Bj Opened or .Military
Will lie Withdrawn.
Chicago, July 22. The strike at Pullman
will bo brought to a focus next week.
Notice has been served on managers of the
car works that unless tbey make on effort to
open their shops all the troops in that vicin
ity will be withdrawn. The exact date given
for this opening could not be learned, but of
ficers of the First Regi.ent believe Wednes
day is tho limit.
Tbo determination to coll the First Regi
ment in unless the Pullman company either
resumed wort or announced that its shops
would bo closed for n stated period, is tho re
eultof Assistant Adjutant. General Boyle's
visit to the town. He ome to tno conclusion
tnatltwas lollj keep such, alargenrravd
force around Pullman as long as the company
was not making any effort to start its shops.
Ho was ready to concede that riot would
probably follow any effort to begin work, and
believing it would have to como sooner or
later and that troops would havo to put it
down, told the officials they might as well
light it out first as last.
Injunction to Ds Employed to Get State
Soldier" Am ay from Pullman.
CnicAao, July 22. Another section of tho
plant at Pullman will resume actively
to-morrow, offlclclals of the company
having announced that tho works of
tho Allen Paper Car Wheel Company, cm
ploying fifty men, would start up in
full operation. It is also announced that the
Illinois Central shops at Burnside would be
gin operations to-morrow with a force of
operatives increased to nearly 300 men. Pull
man officials also Eald that tho forco of girls
in the laundry nnd tho number of laborers
ernplov ed would bo largely augmented.
In viow of tho evident intentions of tho
strikers, as openly expressed by them In
PUDlic places about Pullman to-day, to mako
it as difficult for tho company to open tbeso
additional portions of tho works as possiblo,
it was feared by tho leaders of tho police and
militia that tbcro might bo collisions between
strikers and those whom the company in
duced to return to work.
Provisions wero mado against this pcsslblo
trouble by increasing tho reserves of police at
tho Hyde Fark, Kensington, nnd South Chi
cago stations. An organizer for the A. It. U.
in Pullman said to-day that onu of
tho next moes of the union would
be to sue iu tho courts for on
injunction restraining the further presence of
tbo militia about the Pullman works. This
was in accordance, he said, with the recent
order issued by the Govcruor that the militia
should not be used to guard private property.
California A. II. V. Lodges Decline to Con
sider the Strike ns Declared Off.
San Feaxcisco, July 22. The Oakland nnd
San Frnnci3co lodges of the A. It. U. decline
to consider the strike off nnd announce they
will stand firm. Tbis course was determined
by unanimous vote at special meetings held
last night. Members of these branches of the
union contend that President Debs cannot
call the strike off without tho consent of two
thirds of the local unions. They deny that
there were any defections in their ranks and
say that the action of tho Sacramento strikers
in capitulating was caused by the weakening
of a few members.
Superintendent rillmore w.13 asked If there
was anything to be added to the decree re
ceived from tho A. It. U., declaring tho striko
"Nothing excopt that the orders are uncon
ditionaL We have made no promises and
will take back only such men as we havo
places for and whoso services we are willing
to accept. I do not know that tbcro is nnj
tbing more I enn say on the subject. Tbo
railway union took this action of its own free
will, without solicitation on our pntt, as the
striko has been off with us for somo days
Strikers Who Hac Fallen Under the Dis
pleasure of tbo Courts.
Tacoma, Wash., July 22. Charles E-Earlcs.
ex-chief clerk of tho Northern Facifle freight
department and secretary of tne A. It. U.,
has been convicted of contempt of court in
tho United Stntes court and fined 850. He
threatened to dismiss his former subordinates
when ho should regain his old place if they
performed work outside tho duties for which
they were employed.
James D. Creighton, of Pasco, was con
victed of contempt and sentenced to thirty
days' imprisonment in tbe county jail. Itob
ert L'einlg, of Spokane, got sixty dajs and L.
D. Schoficld, of the same plnco, ninety days
aIo for contempt. All three tried lo derail
cars and threw stones nt officers.
West Oaelind, Cal., July 22. President
Roberts, of Oakland Lodge' A. R. U.. ha3
been ordered by Chief Justice Fuller, of the
United States Supreme Court, to appear be
fore Circuit Judge McKenna.ln San Francisco,
on August C, to answer to any charges that
may be preferred against him.
Santa Fe, N. M., July 22. Tho fourteen
strikers arrested at Eaton two weeks ngo for
contempt of court havo been found guilty by
Judgo Seeds and sentenced to terms varying
from fifteen to fifty dajs in jail.
Judge Seeds nlsb issued an order approving
tho action of tbe receivers of the Santa To road
in discharging striking employes and infill
ing their places with new men. nnd ordered
further that all employes of the road in New
Mexico n ho may hereafter fail to perform
their usual duties shall bo deemed as having
voluntarily quit the company's service, and
that new men employed in the places ot these
men snail oe kept in tno service as long as
tbey are competent and perform their duties
satisfactorily, and that no persons who have
been guilty of contempt of court In these
cases or who may hereafter interefero with
the operations of the road in any manner
shall be re-employcd by tho recelvor.
Sccrctarv Hayes Outlines Their Possiblo
Course nt thccxt Meeting.
Omaha, Neb., July 22. All of tho members
of the general executive board of tho Knights
of Labor, except Mr. Sovereign, are now here
and took up quarters at the Dellone, where the
sessions of tho executive officers will bo
held. Mr. Sovereign is expected to-morrow
morning. Messrs. Martin, Maguire. French,
nnd Hayes wero seen by an Associated Tress
representative, and when asked what thev
expected to do during tho coming week they
nnnounced that General Secretary Hayes was
their spokesman nnd they would look to him
to talk for tho press. Mr. Hayes said:
"During this week we expect to completo
arrangements for a systcmatio canvass of the
state of Nebraska, and wo vv ill push the or
ganization and agitation to a finish. I
am glad to note that the organized
workers of Omaha nro forming them
selves into militia companies. Regarding
tbo movement for a genoral union of all tho
labor forces I do not know what will bo done
about them nt this meeting. We arc in favor
of changing cards and havo been all along,
but we will never consent to a unity at tho
whoto expense of the Knights of Labor."
Towns Threatened With Destruction.
West Sctebiob, Wis., July 22. As a re
sult of the forest fires that have been raging
throughout northern Wisconsin, but which
were partially extinguished by rains a few
days ago. soveral small towns within a ra
dius of fifty miles from hero are threatened
with destruction. The east ona flro depart
ment wns this afternoon called to South
Eango lo protect tho town from being com
pletely burned. As it was, the town had suf
fered greatly from the fires. A number of
stores and dwelling houses were destroyed.
Drowned While Swimming.
Lascasteb. Pa., July 22. Be v. A. A. Arm
acost, of Baltimore, was accidentally drowned
at Bainbrilge last evening. He was a stu
dent of Dickinson College, and had charge ot
a Methodist congregation at Balnbridge. Ho
went in swimming In the canal, and in diving
into the water his head struck a stone and he
bocamo unconscious and was drowned. His
body was recovered.
Insinuating Invitation from Chairman
Barter to Havcmeyer.
Let the People Enow Value of Plant, Actual
Cash Capital, and Profits Senate Com
mittee Trying to Ferret Out tho Author
of Bumors Affecting Senators.
Tho following letter from the chairman of
tho House subcommittee on trusts to tho
president of tho Americrn Sugar Eoflnlig
Company was mailed last night:
"II. O. Kavemeyfb, Esq.,
"President of the American Sugar Refining
Co., New York.
"Dear Sin- If you will supply to me, n
chairman of tbo subcommittee on trusts oi tho
Committee on Manufactures, the information
asked for herein, I will seo that it is la'd be
fore tbo House. A tree trader mjself and be
lieving that no tax should bo levied upon
sugar (or nnvtblngcN)) excopt for revenue,
nevertheless' as practically every article of
general consumption is to retain protection, I
feel no prejudice ngainst the sugar interest,
as such, and I think n largo number of tho
members of tbe House entertain tbe same
"As, however, tbe sugar trust demands pro
tection, or mora properly speaking the taxa
tion of the public for its profit, it should put
before Congress nnd the publio Its real con
dition so tbnt an intelligent opinion ot the
merits of its demand may be formed. It
upon an actual and necessary investment ot
cash capital it cauuot save itself from losses
without burdening the taxpajers, then it has
as much justification (and more) for being
fed from tho public resources by taxation as
many industries which we, iu passing tho
Wilson bill, allowed to remain upon tho
charity list. If, however, its profits havo
been excessive, when figured upon an actual
cashaud unentered capital stock, then jou,
as ii fuir-mlndod man, will ngreo with mo
that vou should not havo any legislative
"In such an event n tax of 1 cent per pound
upon 100 degree sugar for revenue only
would be a fair and equitable one. permitting
a reduction of one one-hundredth of a cent
for each degree of sweetness lacking. Such
a tax as this, while taking nothing to the
treasury of your company, would pour a
great many millions into tho government
coffers. .The Information asked for is com
prehended under four heads.
"First. What is tbo present tax value (I. e.
cost of replacing) of the plants actually in
operation and necessary to produce tho quan
tity of refined sugar turned out by your com
pany? "Second. What havo been thonctual profits
of the American Sugar liofinlng Company
for each full fiscal year since Its organization,
and what are its profits so far in tho current
"Third. What annual salary is paid to each
of tho general ofllcers?
"Fourth. What is tho actual earnings paid
In cash capital, including the plants t jrnt d n
at their real cah market value, and went is
the present surplus fundof tho company, in
cluding all individual profits?
"Tho McKinley bill gives tho sugar refiners
an opportunity of collecting from the con
sumer a tax of one-half cent per pound upon
all sugars above No. 1C, Dutch standard, and
the cons Jmptlon of nil classes of sugar during
the past threo fiscal vears aggregated
12.956,602,446 pounds, fully of
which were above this limit. Jt follows,
therefore, that tho sugar trust, and tbo inde
pendent refiners in tho United Stntes. must
have received over 510,000.000 of the peoplo"s
money, while, tbo government got during tbo
three years only 5170.731. As your company
asks continued favors, the propriety of sup
plying tho country with the information
asked herein will not be questioned by so
reasonable and able a man of business as
'You are a Democrat and will, I trust, join
me in tho hopo that within a few jears tho
present wretched system of taxing the peoplo
(under the misleading nntno of protection) for
tho benefit of private interests will be done
away with entirely and forever. Yours truly,
"Michael D. Hvbteb."
The Senate sugar trust inv estigatlng com
mittee is devoting itself in tho branch of tho
inquiry which it is now pursuing to ferreting
out the origin of tbe rumors affecting Sena
tors, and tho members of tbe committee now
think with a fair prospect of success. They
aro of opinion that tho story accusing Sena
tors of speculation in sugar stock and of hav
ing been influenced In their attitude toward
tho tariff bill by n friendly interest in tho
sugar trust havo had a common origin, and
they now think, that they havo obtained n
clew which will enable, them to develop tbe
source of all the statements.
Tho testimony given by the witnesses beforo
tbo committee on Saturday point to a certain
individual as the party'rosponsible for the
charges which havo been set afloat.
He is not n resident of Washingtnn, and his
present whereabouts have not been definitely
ascertained, but it is understood that no
effort will be spared to find him nnd bring
hltn beforo tho committee nnd thus give him
an opportunltyto make good the charges.
There is an impression among tho members
ot tbe committco that he has sought to avoid
appearing before tho committee, while striv
ing to give it nil the work possible.
Tbe name of the mnn is sacredly guarded,
and it is understood that tho desire to prevent
his lndentity becoming known is ono of tho
committee's reasons for refusing to give out
the testimony now being taken. The com
mittee Is not impressed with tho truth of tho
charges, but tho members ot it tako tho posi
tion thnt it Is due to Senators whose names
havo been mentioned in this connection nnd
to the country at largo that the facts should
bo known.
Great Snlvntion Army Meetings.
Pom Richmond, S. I., July 22. Meetings
of tho Salvation Army, under the auspices of
tho Central Division, which includes Connec
ticut, South New York, New Jersey, Dela
ware, Maryland, and Virginia, are now being
held here. Tho services this altcrnoon were
largely attended and an interesting pro
gramme for the coming week, which includes
the appearance of Mrs. Ballington Booth and
other nc ted officials of tho army, has been
Express Messenger liobbed.
GtrrnniE, Okla., July 22. Now. has reached,
here that yesterday n Santa Fo pas-enger
train was held up by two masked men near
Red Oak. The robbers enterod tho express
car and presenting revolvers caused tho mes
senger to deliver a package of money and
some express packages. The value of these
Is unknown. There is no clew to tho bandits.
Telegraphic Brevities.
Frederick F. Low, onco governor of Cali
fornia and n well-known pioneer, died y ste:
day at San Francisco.
Dyslntery is epidemic at Norwalk, Cone,
among Infants and adults. Impure water u
assigned as the cause.
Cardinal Gibbons preached at mass at St.
Mary's church, Cape May, yesterday. Arch
bishop Byan delivered the sermon at 9 o'clock
Bev. W. H. F. Faunce, of New York; Gen.
O. O. Howard, of New York; Henrv Bond, of
Buffalo, and Col. A. D. Shaw, of Wotertown,
took part yesterday in the exercises of Y. M.
0. A. Da; at Chautiaq.ua,
James Thomas, a Former Washingtonlnn,
Dies Penniless at Ucrkclcy Springs.
Hascoce, Md., July 22. James Thomas,
who made his home for somo years past at
the Berkeley Springs hotel, Berkeley 8prings,
is dead. Ho diod penniless. He was a mem
ber of one of tho best families of Washington
and nt ono timo could have written a check
worth 850,000. Through reverses and
troubles his fortune was lost. Thomas was
one of the head carpenters iu the building of
the ship Great Eastern. Fifteen years ago
ho organized nu expedition to tbe arutlo
Thomas Boolcn Acknowledges Himself
Guilty of Burglaries and rorgcrlcs.
DEJ.VEB, Col., July 22. Thomas C. Boolen,
tho mnn recently arrested on numerous
charges in Chicago and brought here for trial,
has made n confession to Postofflce Inspector
McMcchen. Ho confessed to burglary, for
geries, nnd thefts of United Stntes mall, per
petrated by tho James K. Stratton gang in
this city, by which its members realized
amounts the extent ot which is not knowu.
Thegaug began work five vears ago and
have operated In every largo city. Nino of
the members uf the gang nro now behind the
bars, linos years ago btmtton was sen
tenced to twenty-ouojears lu tho penitentiary
at Cauon City, but escaped after serving two
years, lioolen was arretted in Georgia threo
years ago, but escapod from the officers,
Switchmen's Mutual Aid Association Dls
solv cd on Account of Defalcations.
Kaiibas City, Mo., July 22. Grand Master
Workman Mills W. B. Barrett, tho national
head ot the Switchmen's Mutual Aid Associa
tion, has returned home from Chicago. He
had been in thnt city for soveral weeks past,
occupied with othor members in clearing up
tho business affairs ot tho association, and
has had a busy time ot 1:.
On being asked as to tbo present status of
tbe association, Mr. Barrett s.ifd:
"Tho Switchmen's Mutual Aid Association
is dissolved. Tho dissolution was not caused
by the recent strike, though it has been
claimed that that was tbe cause of the col
lapso of the association.
"What caused the dissolution, then?"
"Nothing more or less than tbe defalcations
of our treasurer, Simsrott. Wo bnvo been
busy in Chicago seeing to tbo books whicn
Simsrott kept and finding out our preciso
financial standing nnd other matters.
"As to our financial standing I may say
wo havo found SImsrott's defalcations to
amount to 432,000. This wa have found out
bv a careful going over of the books recently.
Tho officers of the association aro now en
gaged in clearing up its business. Every
thing will bo llni.-hed this month. Tho bene
flelaries,of whom there are about seventy-five,
will be paid in a short time. Then we shall
proceed to rc-organlze.
"A meeting for the formation of a local
switchmen's union has already been held in
Chicago. Similar meetings will bo held in
Omaha, St. Louis, Kansas City, and Denver
and other largo cities. When these hav o boon
organized each will elect ntlelejfato-to a-nu
tlonal gathering, and wo shall there reorgan
ize a non' association of yardmen. Tbis will
take plnco within a few months' time wo
A secret meeting ot tho switchmen was held
to-night nt which a loeal orgarization was
formed to tako tho placo ot tho lodges of
the Switchmen's Mutual Aid Association.
Five hundred members of the old
orginlzation wero represented by del
egates. Resolutions were passed doclaring
the lato strike ordered by Debs a failure, and
censuring tho latter for his unwise course in
bringing about a condition ot things
which wrecked the national organiza
tion of swltchmon "nnd has left 75 per
cent, of their brothers In Chicago out of
positions. Telegrans wore read announcing
that similar action was being taken to-night
in Omaha, St. Louis, and other cities. A
committee was appointed to draw a constitu
tion and bylaws nnd to report nt a meeting to
bo held next Wednesday.
In His Effort to Do So William Fletcher
-Nearly liaised a Riot.
Chicago, July 22. William Fletcher this
evening nttempted to kidnap his three-year-old
daughter from the homo of her
mother in tho stockyards district, from
whom rietcher was separated. After
having secured tho child Fletcher
an down tho street pursued by his wife, who
was screaming for assistance. Fred. Effens
ler, who was passing, endeavored to stop
rietcher. In theseuffle between the two men,
Pletcher drew a revolver and shot Effens
ler twice, killing him Instantly. The
shooting brought a crowd to the
scene as well as the police. Fletcher fled,
punu-id by the ofllcers, who were followed by
a mob. When Fletcher was captured tho
crowd behaved so riotously that assistance
was sent for. nnd when the patrol wagon nr
riv ed considerable clubbing was necessary to
get Fletcher to the station.
It Was He Whose Careless Driving Caused
Photogrnpbcr IJradv. 's Injuries.
William McCarthy, whose careless driving
resulted in serious Injuries to 31. B. Brady,
tho photographer, at tho corner of Fifteenth
street and New York avenue in April last, was
arrested last night by Policeman Kilmartin.
To locato McCarthy after he had mado his es
cape involved some pretty detectlvo work.
Detectlvo Lncey, who was detailed on the
case, had no clew whatever to work on, with
tho exception ot n brief description of the
horse nnd buggy which had been tbo causo
ot the casualty. No ono who saw tho accident
knew the driver, and it was impossible to dis
cover bis identity. Not baffled by theso
obstacles, Lacey started in, nnd after threo
months succeeded in obtaining 07idence
which fastened the guilt on McCarthy.
All the Geysers Broko Loose.
Mammoth Hot Srnisos. Yollowstone Fark,
July 22. A telegram received here from a re
liable sourco says a shock resembling an
earthquake was felt at Norris Geyser Basin at
3 o'clock yesterday morning. The new
crater geyser, which has been quiet for some
time, broke out with terrific force, throw
ing rocks weighing twentv-ilve pounds to tho
height of 200 feet, and steam rising 530 feet,
accompanied by a roar equaling the combined
exhaust of a thousand engines, which could
be heard for ten miles. Every geyser in the
Norris Basin played for hours. The new
crater now surpasses any geyser in action in
the park.
Killed by a Windmill.
Tons, Me., July 22. W. L. Baker, mana
ger and one of the proprietors of tbe Albracea
Hotel, York Harbor, was on top of a windmill
to-day oiling the machinery when tbe wind
shifted, causing the wheel to revolve and
knocking Baker off. He fell a distance of
fifty feet and was Instantly killed. He loaves
a widow and two children, v
In the Field of Polities.
C. B. Landls, Republican nominee for Con
gress in the Tenth Ohio district, has declined
tho nomination.
Senators Will Strain a Point to Dis
cuss Cleveland's Letter.
Interest Centers in the Vilas Motion and1 Sen
ator HiU Concedes Iu Importance Mills
Will Lead the Fight with Vilai-Dbtrict
Say in ths House.
All interest in the Senate proceedings
the present week centers in the efforts which
will bo mado to setllo the tariff, controversy
as raised by tho report ot the couferenco dis
agreement. The week will begin with this
question in tho foreground, nnd no one can
foresee what amount of timo will be con
sumed upon it or whnt will bo tho' result of
tho debate which will bo inaugurated to-day.
Thcro is now little doubt that the pro
ceedings will bo of a very animated character,
probably no less so than tboso ot Friday, nnd
possibly more so. All efforts to compromise
the differences on the tariff and to allay the
feeling engendered by the President's letter
to Mr. Wilson have been so far unavailing,
and unless unusual effort is made and ex
ceptional success secured between this time
and tho hour ot meeting tne day's session
will develop a series of very interesting
speeches, wnich bid fair to bo characterized
by words both plain and pointed. Demo
cratic Senators generally ngreo that there is
now no prospect ot reaching an understand
ing In tho party beforo tho session, and that
this cannot be done until tbe temper ot the
Senate shall be still further exploited before
tho country.
If there should bo no chango of programme
Senator Hill's mctiou to recedo from the Sen
nto amendment to make coal and iron ore
dutiable at 40 cents per ton and put both on
the freo list will be first decided, after which
Senator Vilas' motion to htnend tbe gucar
schedule by striking out the one-eighth differ
ential on refined sugar will bo subject to dis
cussion. It is on this proposition thnt the
most interesting part of the debate Is ex
pectod to occur. Senator Hill expects to gain
a few Totes over the number secured for his
motion when offered by himself before tbe bill
went to conference, but be does not think It
will show any great strength, and concedes
that interest is nbjorbed by the Vilas motion,
which he favors as etiongly as he does his
Cleveland's letteb to ee discussed.
The duration ot the discussion upon the
Vilas amendment will probably depend upon
tbo timo when tbe point of order, which will
bo mado against it, shall be reached. When
a point ot order is once made it lies with tbe
chair to say now long debate upon it sunn
continue, and with Senator Harris in the
chair the cessation might bo very sudderi at
any time nfter tho point has been made.
There is a general feeling, however, that
while tho point is sure to be raised at some
-tlnn1", It-will notrbo presented at the beginning-
o tne uetiate.
It Is a generally recognized fact that there nro
soveral Senators who nro determined to speak
upon tbe general question which the publica
tion of Mr. Cleveland's letfr has raised, and
these speeches will find vent in some other
connection, if not in that. Unless the Sena
tors who are expected to speak change their
minds there will bo no mincing of words when
the talk shall begin. Senator Gorman is
slated for a speech during tho day and tboso
who are iu his confidence say he considers
that the President's letter is directed largely
at himself and that his utternnces will show
his resentment. It is also understood thnt he
will take tbe position that tbe Senate bill
must be sustained, nnd will give his reasons
Seuntor Mills will, with Senator Vilas, lead
the fight for tho Vilas motion. He will also
speak on the general features of tho questions
at issue aud will sustain the President's posi
tion in bis own vigorous manner. With ref
erence to tbe Vilas motion bo will tako issue
with those who consider it out of order nnd
will contend that a ruling to sustain tbo point
of order would bo unconstitutional, saying
that the greater privileg of moving to amend
a bill in conference by recoding from nn en
tiro amendment carries with it ths leaser
privilego of receding from a part of any
Tho Texas and Wisconsin Senators aro re
garded as tho (special champions ot the
President on that issues now at stake, and it is
intimated that one of the reasons tuey have,
apart from their convictions ou the question
for championing the movement, is the desire
to meet and by their actions on account ot
their relations to tho executive refuto tho
charnge which has been nride in certain quar
ters that the President's letter was intended to
support the argument for a duty on refined
sugar as against coal and iron oro and other
raw mnterin's.
Senators Voorhecs, Brico, and Lindsay nro
among the other Democratic, Senators wbo
may speak during the day, and many others,
including Senators Hill and lias, will proba
bly participate in tbo morning debate. Mr.
Brice had expected to speak on Friday, but
was cut off by adjournment, nnd he now says
that circumstances will decide whether ho
shall talk at all. It is also indefinite as yet
whether Voorhecs and Lindsay will mako ad
dresses at this juncture.
There is still much uncertainty about the
power of Senator Vilas' motion to hold its
position, notwithstanding the fact that those
who oppose it hold it to be clearly out of
order. Tho best advices indicate that when
the chair mles it out iho ruling will bo sus
tained, but this will depend largely upon Re
publican votes. Democratio Senators friendly
to the motion assert that the Republican vote
will bo solidly ngainst such a ruling, but tbis
does not appear probable. It the motion should
bo declared out of order there will bo an
effort to renew it in other form, possibly by
amending Senator Gray's motion to recom
mit tho bill to tho conference committee with
out instructions. ,
It now appears quito certain that the advo
cates of the motion will exhaust all parlia
mentary resources to have instructions given,
as imp.lod by the motion. If they should not
succeed in this there would then be nn effort
to pas3 Senator Gray's motion to send tho bill
back to conference without instructions,
under which arrangement tho conferees
could recommend tho striking out of tho
sugar differential If they should seo fit.
With the tariff bill disposed of in whatever
way, tho Senate will taKo up the sundry civil
and general deficiency appropriation bills if
they shall bo reported from comoiltteo.
These aro the only npproprlatlon bills which
tbe Sennto has not passed upon. An effort
will bo made by the committee to have tho
sundry civil bill ready to submit to tho Senate
early in tho week. It will carry a large num
ber of changes and is liable to cause con
siderable debnto when taken up.
For the rest, there is a long calendar
awaiting the attention of the Senate.
The programme in tbe House tor the com
ing week will depend H- upon the tariff
problem, to which nil i at arrangements
must give way. To-morrow is District of Co
lumbia day, and Tuesday and perhaps
Wednesday will be devo d to the considera
tion of the Mooro-Funston contested election
case from the Second Kansas district, in
which Moore claims the election by 1,364
votes and Funston, the sitting member, by 81
Totes. The majority of tho committee have
reported la favor ot Moore, the contestant,
and Funston will undoubtedly be unseated
despite the mlnorltv report in his favor.
Tho remainder of the week will bo given to
the consideration of bills reported from vari
ous committees subject to tho decision of the
Committee on Rules which meets to-morrow.
Under any rule that Is adopted, however,
conference reports will havo the right of way,
nnd should any report be made on tho bill it
will receive instant nnd Immediate considera
tion to the exclusion of all other legislative
It Has Assumed Fearful Proportions and
Stringent Measures .Must Be Taken
to Prevent Its Importation.
Recognizing the difficulties in tho way of
obtaining accurate information upon sanitary
matters from Oriental countries, Dr. Stuart
Eldrldge, the health officer ot the port of
Yokohama and member of tbe imperial board
of health ot Toklo, has sent to the Marine
Hospital Bureau a semi-official statement of
the epidemic of plague in southern China.
It appears from his report that this scourge,
of which only fragmentary news has been re
ceived, is ono of the most fearful on record,
having its greatest hold at tbo port ot Hong
Kong, where most ot the foreign commerce
The disease broke out in Canton late last
February, and about the same time was epi
demic in Pnkhol, a port not often visited by
Europeans. During March and April it
steadily increased until it assumed gigantic
proportions. According to the letter of Dr.
Eldrldge, the Eastern nnthorlties treated tho
disease with their customary indifference.
Although Hong Kong is tho center ot trade in
tho East, ho says, but half n day's journey
from Canton and In constant communication
therewith, the existence of danger was
Several cases appeared in Hong Kong dur
ing the first days of May, but not until tbe
10th of that month was any official action
taken. It has steadily increased in that
placo until the mortality has reached 100 a
day, despite tbo exodus of 100,000 Chinese
anil many Europeans The natives in most
cases havo left on feeling the first symptoms
ot the disease- in tho hope of dying in their
native villages, while a dozen Europeans havo
been attacked and many of them have died.
From Canton and Hong Kong tbe disease is
spreading through tbe neighboring country
and will probably Eoon appear in the coast
towns of China north of Hong Kong, because
from tho carelessness In these ports no effec
tive quarantine is likely to be established.
Several cases have alreadyoecarrcd on steam
ers trading from Hong Kong to Chinese
ports, but without serious consequences on
account ot prompt action by the ships'
A quarantine system has been put in opera
tion In Japan, holding ships from the infected
district nine days after arriving or after tho
In-st caso bas abated, and but ono infected
ship una reached Japan.
"If I may presume to advise," saj s. Dr. Eld
ridge, "I would say that tno most strlngest
measures may need" to bo taken to protect tho
United Stntes, particularly as regards certain
classes of goods from China likely to convey
infection, rags, old cotton, etc, and al'O such
manufactured articles as aro made in tbe na
tive workshops, with perhaps a 'Jise of plague
dying in tho same room such things as
straw matting, embroideries and every sort
of textile fabric So long as tbe disease is
kept out ot Japan so long will tbis country be
the Best bulwark-Tortlie United TStatcs-against
tho importation ot disease."
Tillman Said to Contcmplato tho Reopen
ing nf the State Dispensaries.
Columbia, S. C, July 22. It is rumored
that Gov. Tillman to-day announced that the
state dispensary would be reopened on
August 1, nnd that tho law would bo rigidly
enforced. He also is said to have stated that
he will issue a proclamation to that effect to
morrow. This is said to be authentic A
prominent gentleman said to-night that the
governor 6aid nt the Holly Ferry meeting
jesteiday, that bo would positively open the
dispensary on August 1, under the 1893 act,
which has not been tested before the courts.
Tho Governor was called ou at tbo execu
tive mansion to-night and nsked if a procla
mation bad been issued nbout opening the
State dispensHi-ies on August 1. His reply
was: "Call at my office to-morrow, and I will
tell you all about it."
Columbia. S. C, Jnly 22. Governor Till
man stated to-day that he would issue his
proclamation to-morrow, reopening tho dis
tilleries on August 1. Ho says that he i3 de
termined to enforco tho law more vigor
ously than ever. The Governor explained
his position, saving that the decision ngainst
tbe constitutionality ot the law was due to
tbo political prejudices of tho Supreme Court.
Ho said further that their decision did not
nffect the act of 1SD3, tho non enforce
ment of which, since April 27. when
tno decision was pronounced, ho ex
plained by saying that he was deter
mined not to leive saloon men an
opportunity to bring a test case. He ap
pears to take it for granted that Justice
elect Gary, who succeeds Justice McGowan
on July 29. is settled in his opinion as to the
laws' validity. Gary was president of the
state senate when the law was passed and as
sisted in its enactment.
Resolutions of Thanks to Crlspl Passed
Amid Greatest Enthusiasm.
Rome, July 22. In the Sennto to-day Trime
Minister Crlspl, in tho course of a speech, re
ferred to the recent capture of Kassala by tho
Italian forces. Ho announced that re-enforcements
were not required to enable tho Italians
nt Kassala to maintain their posltions;neither
would it be neeessary for them to further ex
poso themselves in battle with the Dervishes.
Signor Crispi added that It was to be hoped
that Italy would find means to colonize
Africa. Tho great object to bo attained was
to substitute emigration to Africa for emigra
tion to America. Tho capture of Kassala bas
not altered Italy's relations with tho powers.
Her relations with Great Britain were excel
lent. -
On motion ot Signor Cavalctto tho senate
exressed its thanks to Prime Minister Crispi
and the president of tho senate for their de
votion to the service of their country. The
adoption ot tbo motion was tho occasion for
an unusual scence of enthusiasm. The sen
ate then adjourned for the Summer recess.
SatolH's Letter ot a General Order.
Stbacuse, N. Y., July 22. When inter
viewed by a Post reporter this evening on
what construction ho placed on Mgr. Satolii's
sanction of Bishop Wattersun's edict, Bishop
Patrick Ludden, of this dioceso, said that
it was not at all in tho naturo ot a
general order, obliging oth jr bishops to issue
similar edicts. It was purely local in it3
effects and simply reiterated the well-known
doctrine that a bishop has tbo right to adopt
such rules ot that nature ns he sees are for tho
best interests of tbo church in his dioceso.
Two Famous Names .Misused.
Baltimoke, July 22. The dispatch from
Chicago stating that President Debs had re
ceived a check of 61.000 from Thomas
Shakespeare Tucker, ot Baltimore, to aid
Debs' defense proves to be a hoax. The Na
tional Howard bank, upon which the check
was drawn, has no such customer, and in
fact a close search has failed to find any one
by that name in Baltimore. The joker com
bined the names ot Tommy Tucker, of base
ball fame, and that of tho late lamented Will
lam Shakespeare.
War Between That Empire and Japaa
Seems Inevitable
Japanese Diplomats Delighted Over Frotpeet
of a Conflict Acceptance of Proposed B
forms Conditioned Upon Withdrawal at
Japan's Forces.
EmsonAi, July 22, China continues to
make preparations to assert her claim right
in Corea, and from the present indications it
is judged that war is inevitable nnless Japan
recedes from the position she bas hitherto)
maintained. Orders wero recently issued for
12,000 Chlneso troop3 to prepare for a de
parture to Corea. The preparations were
hurriedly completed, and on Friday last ths
soldiers went on board tho transports that
will convey them to the peninsula.
To guard against contingencies the trans
ports wero conveyed by eight gunboats, ths
commanders of which were instructed to firs
upon tbe Japanese should the latter attempt
to obstruct the landing ot the Chinese.
WarliKe preparations are also being made
in other directions. A strong body of troops
will shortly leave Foochow for the Loo Cnoo
islands. It is the government's intention to
employ the Nankin and Canton fleets in har
rasslng the Japanese coasts it actual hostili
ties are commenced.
Orders havo been sent to every Chinese
province calling upon each ot them to furnish
20,000 troops to aid in the support ot ths
Losdos, Jnly 22. The London representa
tive of the Associated Press visited the Japa
nese legation here to learn, if possible,
whether the report was true that war had
been declared between China and Japan be
cause of the differences between tbe two pow
ers in regard to Corea. No official denial or
confirmation of tho report could be had, but
the whole staff of the legation made no at
tempt to disguise their delight at the thought
of war with China.
At tbe Chinese legation it was stated that
no news of a declaration of war had been re
ceived. It wa3 added that Jf the rumor was
truo the first report of it would come from
Japan and not from China. Another visit
was made to tho Chinese legation to-night.
The officials state that no lato news had been
received owing to an Interruption to the cable
service. The latest information received at
tho legation was to the effect that 10,000 Chi
nese troops nnd started for Corea.
ebitish ixvkstiox rejected.
Japan had rejected the proposals made by
the British minister, although the latter had
counseled a peaceful settlement of the dis--pute.
Tho Chinese government had there
upon declared that unless the Japanese
troops were withdrawn from Seoul and Che
mulpo China would break off the negotia
tions. The officials, when further questioned,
said they discredited tbe rumor that war had
been declared.
Inquiries were also made at the foreign
office, but it was stated that ' no news had
been received there.
A telegram from Yokohama received to
night states that the acceptance by Corea of
the reforms proposed by Japan is conditional
upon the withdrawal of the Japanese troops
from Corea. Tbe Japanese government was
surprised at this firm stand, which is sup
posed to prove that Chinese influence is par
amount in Corea. In the direct negotiations
between Tokio and Pekin. China has so tor
ignored tho Japanese counter-proposals.
m m
Suit Drought for the Itccov cry of a Quarter
of a .Million Dollars.
Sax Fbaxcisco, CaL, July 22. A. G. Ken
saw, British capitalist, has commenced suit
in tho United States district court to recover
215.0C0. Ho charges that tte sale of ths
Eeara Nest group of mines ia Alaska was
accomplished by gigantic frauds. He accuses)
James Treadwell, John Treadwell, Capt,
James Carroll. M. W. JIurray, N. A. Fuller,
and George J. Smith with conspiracy to make
tne salo by placing gold-bearing rock from
tho rich Treadwell mlno in a barren mine ad
joining and treating the ore from a diamond
drill with chloride of gold, to make a show
ing of rich ore.
Ho asserts he has a confession of the en
tire fraud. He declares that three British
experts were deceived by the salted mine.
Each one reported that the mine would yield
a proflit ot 1,000,000 a year. Tho enormous
amount of money involved, tho prominence
ot the parties to the suit, and the charges of
fraud make this disclosure the sensation of
the day in mining circles.
The mine was sold to British investora for
52,000.000 fci stock and 51,500,000 In bonds
drawing 7 per cent. Interest. This was In
1837 and no gold has ever been taken from it.
The projectors of the sale have so far re
ceived about 5600,000 in money.
Crimes nnd Casualties.
Two unknown men were ground vo piece
under a railroad train at a tunnel near Al
toona, Pa., yesterday.
Policemnn Kid Thompson, of Brunswick,
Ga., was killed last night by a drunken
negro whom he was attempting to arrest.
Samuel Rose, feeble-minded and lately
married, murdered his wife yesterday on the
highwhy and then surrendered to the au
thorities. James Gaw, aged 28, committed suicide by
cutting his throat yesterday in New York. He
had lost his position as waiter and became
rollceman John Rafferty, of Hartford,
killed himself by shooting yesterday. No
cause is known for the deed. Ho left a wife
and flvo children.
The schooner Robert H. Mitchell, of Balti
more. Captain Pratt, foundered yesterday off
the life-saving station nt Seabright, N. J. All
of tho crow were rescued.
Louis A. Sllvn has been sentenced to a term
of threo years In the Missouri penitentiary
for embezzlement from the Brainwater-Brad-ford
Hat ComDany of St. Louis.
Mrs. Nellie Bishop, a divorced woman, who
was arrested for street-walking at Westfleld,
Mass.. committed sulcido after being commit
ed to jal 1. She leaves four children.
A train on the Georgia Paciflo railroad
yesterday crushed into an unrecognizable
mass, the body of a colored man who had
been murdered and placed upon the tracks.
Tho steamship Chattahoo-Chee collided of
Nantucket yesterday with tho brig Goldeu
Rule, cutting her to the water's edge. There
was a dense fog at the time. There were no
lives lost.
Deputy United States Marshal McClellan
was killed while trying to arrest two brothers
named Bryant for robbery at Caddo. L T.,
yesterday. A battle between the Bryant!
and a posse of citizens resulted, and one at
the brothers was killed and the other cap.
sitoigs&flfr&BafeaM A
"5. A jmSCT'-J
iv. ,-..

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