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The Washington times. (Washington, D.C.) 1894-1895, October 21, 1894, Image 12

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ra. s. s. sv.vtmjcs, z d.
The Wrst CoagrcgKtiQ&al and Its In
tercstifis History.
It Eeqwrftd 5&r Starts ana Sard "Wark to
Xsk It a Soceew rr Some Time the
Homc f eprMatativs Yu Its Bogalar
XeetiBg Phx Org aaiottiOE's Deisgs.
"This char Is managed just as a large
mercantile establtehme&t would bo," said Itev.
Ir. Newman, in speaking of hte charge, the
I'irst CongregtitioBal Charcti, corner of G aad
Tenth street northwest. "The trustees are
H' 'st carefal In their management of affairs.
Tu-y hold monthiy meerioRS, everything goes
through their hands nod is examined just the
f ..u;Rbana:eountoiany kind would be iabusi
r ss life. Then our doors are wide open always.
" e weretbe first church to be thrown open to
the Ha'.vatiou Army, aad most large religions
Catherine are held inside oar wails. We wel
i. une all, aad the more they come the more
welcome taey are."
Dr. Kewmaa is flDishiag his tenth year
cs jastor of this church, and if the affection
vi Die large congregation were the only
r juisite many more tea years would roll
;iruund aad nod him still occupying the pul
pit. ' He is just home from his three months'
ucation, and is rested and eager for the
Winter's work. He lately joined the Maine
Ae-ociatioa, just lormed in this city, and this
- iuo! that be comes from that tar Northern
M.". At fifteen years of age he was a suc-re-blul
school teacher, and in 1867 he grad
uated from bowdoin College with the lirst
ignore of his class. Tour years inter he had
:)u:hed lu course at Andover and was called
to Broadway Church, Tautau, Mass. For
i-eva yearn be wee pastor of this church, and
during part of the time served as a member
of the board of education of Tauten. In 1B73
lie was called to the pastorate of the college
ciurch of fiipon, Mis., and served there
-even years. Daring the last two years be
was professor of mathematics in the college.
In 1H85 he was installed as pastor of the
Xiksc Congregational Church of this city.
iLren vcarsago his health failed, and the
'liuTch came near losing him; but an assist
ant pastor and an annual vacation of three
I'.ontns were given to him. and be was able
to remain. At this time, too, the presidency
ut Marietta College, Marietta, Ohio, was
tendered him, but he felt it his doty to re
lutan here.
The church of which he is the pastor has
Lad a varied and stormy existence. Back in
1S47 a Congregational church was estab
l.shed here. It was founded on anti-slavery
r nnciples, and claims the honor of being the
I r-t churm established in the South on such
& loundotiou. It is a rematkable coincidence
luat the present site of the church is the last
T nee of olave-operated land sold in Washiug
t n, and that it was sold to the first otiurca
xl. the South baring an anti-slavery govern
1.. ont. The church of 1847 lasted only a short
time, and the second attempt was made in
1-3.2. The church managed to exist until
13,", and tbea the doors were closed.
In 1865 the third attempt was made and
the result is the congregation of to-day.
i. ,. Charles H. Boyatou was its pastor, lie
v us installed October 4. 18u6, the day upon
w : 1 1 -h the corner-stone was hud. During his
jasiorate the congregation worshipped in
t.x' old building, now the police court, at the
c rner of Sixth and D streets. Then it wor-;-
up pod in a iittle hall on Pennsylvania
avenue, and after that in the structure now
i.uowa as the Columbia Law Building, on
I I ft h street.
While services were being held here Dr.
Eoyi.ton was elected chaplain of the House.
and shortly after this the hall of the House of
Ji -rirreentatives was secured as a place for
f- ,uaiy worship. As a consequence the First
( ungregaticnal Church, of Washington, was
the first and only established church to hold
rvguiar services in t.t Capitol. It was cus
t .aiary in those days to refer to this body as
t.iO "Congressional Church." The congrega
tion also claims the honor of inaugurating
tlif movement which led to Thanksgiving
liar as a yearly occurrence. In 1865 a com
mittee from the church called on President
Anlrew Jonusou and requested him to set
a: 'art a day in eah year as a day of thanks
giving and prayer. This request was com
l ied with. Dr. Boynton condnaed as pastor
uf the church until May 1. 1869. When he
ifft 101 members took letters of dismissal
with the purpose of forming the Central Con
gregational Church.
Rev. J. E. Rankin, D. D., became pastor of
tLe church October 3, 1869, and remained un
til June 13, 1881, when he became president
of Howard University. The prosperity of the
c hureh is largely due to the efforts of Dr.
Lank in. Wneu be assumed charge the or
ganization was on the brink of ruin. The
church had a membership of 103 and a debt
of n arly $70,000. with interest at 10 per ceur.
Ho lea hi6 congregation for nearly fifteen
j i ars, and placed it on a sure and successful
l asis. Dr. Newman added to the success, and
thu church is now free from debt. In addi
tion a magnificent organ costing $12,000 has
lun purchased and paid for. Besides lifting
thm debt, about 880,000 has been contributed
and expended through the various missionary
n"d benevolent societies for charitable ob
The church to-day has about 1,000 mem
bers and the growth is steady. Its large audi
cn "".. .i is filled each Sunday aad overv
r'T made a worker. Dr. Newman oc-cup'-tkpalptt
nearly every Sunday of the
xmi" n J Ths he spends in the city, though he
at t '! - ermits Rev. 1L Boss Fishburn to
p-ea .' . ?Ir. Fishburn occupies the pulpit
v. ith i 'i . Newman each Sunday and leads in
t' c r- ,t r part of the devotional services.
y-. rwi-Ourn has entire charge of theThurs
c'.i i eu.jig meetings, and assists in all the
vir of tne parish. He is now away on bis
af'.t'on, and has received a calf to the
T borate of the Mount Pleasant Church. If
1, accepts be will begin his duties in his new
a -ge about November 1, aad the First Con
reg itioual Church will took for a new m-e;-tant
'i'be trustees of the church, the men who so
raretuiliy manage its business interests, are
well known in this city. They are: Charles
H. Buigo ,. H. M. Kiagsley, John Tweedale,
Anron uiuner, aad Alvin M. Lothrop. The
t,racon are: 1 C. Ciafiin, George J. Cum
r'!)?s, Timothy F. Green (one year), S. S.
Turdncr. William C. Tyler, Lendell A. Con
1. r. jr. two years), "William Laniborn, P. C.
beveraace, and William T. Hughes (threo
vearaj. The standing committee is composed
of the pastors, deacons, Sunday-school super
intendent, and Ctsrles K. Wead, Mrs. Mary
L. Kewman, and 3Ilss Emily E. Bobinson.
Its duties are to look after the poor and aid
In all church work.
The aexittarT societies are many and the
rork doaa is great. As in arery church, too
Lalios" A.d i-ocifty lcids. Its offlccrs aro:
Prciacnt, Mr. Jolm Twoda'.P; vice presi
dents. Mrs. E. loungs and Mrs. J.-B. John
son; secretary, Mrs. Alfred Wood, and treas
urer, Mrs. Daniel Fraser. Last yer.r this so
detv raised and spent in homo expenses
It Is its duty to keep tho church In order.
If a new carpet is needed the Ladies' Aid
Society purchases it. It has just ilnislmd fur
nishing the east parlor of the church most
handsomely, and tho pastors study shows
that loving hands have been at work. Tho
society gives entertainments and lectures and
is ablo in this way to raise funds.
The ladles of the church have thrco mis
sionary societies, and thoir officers are as fol
lows: Woman s Foreign Missionary Society
President, Mrs. J. H. Piatt; vice president,
Mrs. S. H. Clark; secretary, Mrs. M. W. Loth
rop; treasurer. Mrs. M. A. Pond, Eckington,
D. C. The Mission Circle President, Mrs.
Fred Squires; vice president, Mrs. M. Bos
Fishburn; secretary, Julia M. Pond; treas
urer. Ellen M. Bugg, U20 French street.
Ladies1 Home Missionary Society President,
Mrs. S. M. Xewmaa; vice presidents, Mrs. J.
L. Eweil, Mrs. William Lamborn, secretary,
Mrs. George P. Whittlesey, 1430 Stoughton
street; treasurer. Mrs. G. E. Hughes, 1239
Twelfth street uorthwept. Last year tho first
society contributed to lionevolenccs $278.30;
the second, tiJ25.45, and tho third, $483. " bo
sides clothing valued at 450. Tho Mission
Circle is composed of the younger ladies of
the church, and was tho outgrowth of the en
thusiasm aroused twelve years ago, when
Miss Hooper announced that sho was going
to Japan as a missionary. She is Mrs. Dn
Davis now, and is homo on a vacation.
The Sunday-school is one of the largest in
the city. It has over COO members. Two
handsome banners ace the prize for which
each class in tho school strives. These are
given each quarter to the firrt and second
class having the best attendance. Tho offi
cers of the school are: BuponuJendent, J. F.
Johnson: assistants, Londell A. Conner, jr.,
and H. 2L Kints; secretary, Aithur M. Hood;
treasurer, Wilbur Hawxhurst; librarians. YTal
ter E. Alion and Mary Hopkins. The most
interesting fea'ura of the Sunda3'-school is
the home department It is for the aged, in
valids, and those whose domestic duties re
quire their presence at home. The members
are pledged to study the lesson, are supplied
with leaflet, and visitors call on each of thera
once a quarter to receive their report. By
the first of the year it is expected thero will
be 300 members in the Iwme department. The
visitors are Mrs. JuMa 1L Piatt, Mis. T. P.
Buck, Emily b. Kobinsou. Miss S. D. Bald
win, Mrs. Emily S. Ewell, nelen M.
Hughes, Miss E. Dumont. Mrs. II. V. Childs,
Mrs. X. A. Marshall. Mrs. E. M. Davis. D. G.
Purman, Mrs. M. B. McCormick, Miss M.
Warner, Miss C. E. Marsh, Mrs. N. M. Wood.
and Miss Hattio W. Birge. Tho home de
partment was organized by a Congregational
minister in New England some years .ago
and has already extended -to England. Tho
results ars most gratifying.
The other societies in which the young peo
ple are workers are, with the officers: Tho Y.
P. S. C. E. President, Alice B. Johnson; vice
president. Clifford K. Bradbury; correspond
ing secretary, Frank B. Severance, 1735
Twelfth sreet northwest; recording secre
tarv. Bertha G. Davis, and treasurer. Jennie
L. Bugg, 920 French street. The Y. P. S. C.
E., Junior President, Harry H. Piatt; vice
president, Su4e :ardner; secretary. Alico
Fairfield, Howard University, and treasurer,
Dempster Smith, jr., 1833 Vermont avenue.
Xewman Loyal Temperance Legion Superin
tendeat, Mr. Alfred Wood; president. John
Reed: financial secretary. Walker Allen, aad
secretary, Lydia Hughes.
The Y. P. S. C. E. is 100 strong, and ono of
Us members, L. A. Conner, jr., is president
of the Distnet League. The Newman Loyal
Temperance Legion is named in honor of tho
pastor, and is composed of tho boys of tho
church. Tbe legion holds its rally this after
noon. Among the young men the Brother
nood of Andrew and Pnilip is the society
most sought. It stands to fais church in the
same relation that the Brotherhood of St.
Andrew does to the Trotestant Episcopal
Church. Its oflScers are: President. M. Boss
Fishburn; ico presidents, C. H. Ball and H.
M. Kintz; corresponding secretarv. Percy W.
Gibbon; leeordiug secretary, Dr. H. S. Good
all, and treasurer, H. M. Kingsley.
The church has a met practical method of
bcetowini; Charity. It really aids instead of
giving, though it does give when necessary.
The relief committee luv plenty of work to
do, and is composed of J. W. Browning, H.
M. Kintz. Fred L. Fallback. J. F. Johnson,
Mrs. K. M. Xowmon. Mis Alico H. Peabody,
and Mrs. A. S. Caywood. The church aids
all who come to it. It has found opportunity
to help men to positions on tho cable lines,
advancing the money with which they must
buy the neeessary uniforms. One man is now
paying back '30 so advanced and has handed
in 16 of the amount. This money is immedi
ately turned over to some one olso nnd so tho
work goes on. Tho communion fund of the
church is used by the relief committco after
the expenses of the church aro mot. Poor
members are aided and there havo been quite
a number needing help during tho last year
The library and reading room are popular
features of the church. They are open each
day from 7 to 9:30 p m. They aro filled with
standard works anoVall the best papers. The
business office of the society is in tho reading
room. Tho secretary. Miss" Katharlno Lam
born is in attendance each day from 11 a. m.
to 5 p. m., to receive pew rents or to rent
In addition to his other duties, and they aro
many and varied. Dr. Newman has just or
ganized a reading circle. Tho work this
winter will be chiofly in English history and
The Congregational Club, which meets
Monday nights, is another interesting feature
of Dr. Newman's work. It is often addressed
by Justice Brewer, of the Supreme Court of
the United States, and all of its meetings aro
of tbe highest order. By using all these
means Dr. Newman can feci that the crowth
of his church is sure and that tho fact that tho
church is never without a pastor must bring
its reward.
Tho Sunday-school Union Ready for tho
Great Convention.
The Sunday-school Union has nearly all the
arrangements for its great convention fin
ished. Thursday circulnr letters wcro sent to
the various pastors in the city notifying them
that their Sunday-school superintendents had
been requested to havo delegates to tho con
vention named. The letter says on tho matter
of membership in the union: " "Whilo it is de
sirable that your school should havo a mem
bership in the Sunday-school Union of tho
District, if it ha? not your delegates will havo
the same tights in all tho deliberations of tho
convention as will be enjoyed by others. It
may be added also that sending delegates will
not lay ny obligation on your school to eomo
into the union. What is desired is to have a
convention of the .Sunday-school workers of
the District, out of which shall com-) tho
greatest possible good to all the schools."
Dr. Worden, of Philadelphia; Dr. Scudder,
of Jersey City; Mrs. Crafts. Dr. Earle, of
Wilmington, Del., and possibly Mr. B. F.
Jacobs, of Chicago, will be ..present and ad
dress the convention. Several of tho pastors
of the city and many prominent laymen will
also participate.
The officers of tho union bavn appointed
two new committees, one on statistics, tho
other on credendum. The first is composed
of Col. Weston Flint, chairmnu, aad L. A.
Connor, jr. The second is, composed of W.
B. Matthews, chairman, W. V. Everett, and
B. Frank Meyers. Foundry M. E. school
was the first to send in its list of delegates,
composed of James L. Ewln, superintendent;
Edward F. Simpson, secretary; Miss Cath
erine J. Laws, William B. Matthows, Miss
Ella Stinemitz. Miss Emma Teller. B-N.
Tilton, Miss Ivah J. Towusend, A. 0harle3
True, and Miss M. L'. Williams. Union M. E.
Sunday-school sends the followlnn list: Ed
ward S. Wcseotr, superintendent; Anson S.
Taylor.secn'tary;A. N. Gangwer.F. C. Linger.
E. B. Hodue, M. M. Eramcrt, H. Hunter and
Mrs. M, Wescott. Tho Western Presbyterian
Church has chosen tho following: W. H. H.
Smith, superintendent; Frank J. Blandeubnrg,
secretary; Col. W. Y. Chardovoyne, W. I.
Simpson, Mrs. Col. Amos Wobster, Miss
Aunio B. Biscoo, Harry J. Kimball and Miss
Minnlo P.iggles. Cavalry Baptist Sunday
school was tho first to send in its statistics.
An iuvltatiou has been sent to tho officcra of
tho union of colored schools asking them to
bo present a3 visitors at tho second and third
davs' proceedings.
The Epworth League is beginning to follow
tho lead of tho Christian Endcavorors and
will take an active part in temperance work.
Foundry Chapel has taken tho initial stop and
nppointed a committee on temperance. It is
composed of Willoy 0. Ison, chairman; W. H.
Kerr. Mis? Drusa" Carroll, James L. Ewin,
and Mrs. M. E. Griffith. It is expected that
other chapters will at onco take action.
Tho Christian Endeavorers aro already pro
paring for their rally for Novomber to bo hold
in Mount Ternon Placo M. E. Church.
The Presbyterian ministers of tho city havo
had tho synod of Baltimore to attend, and tho
lay membors of tho church tho pleasure of en
tertaining tho delegates, Bcv. . George 0.
Liltlo, of Assembly's Church was tho modera
tor. Tho delegates to tho convention of tho
Brotherhood of St. Androw havo nil gone. A
great many of them remained in tho city dur
ing tho early part of tho week. A trip was
made to Mount Ycrnon Monday, and on tho
roturn trip a stop was mado at Alexandria.
That evening they wcro entertained by Prof.
Cabell. Many of tno delegates after seeing
points of interest in tho Capital went f utthor
e.'ist on a pleasure tour.
Work on St. Cryprian's Catholic Cnurch
parochial schoolhouso is being rapidly
pushed forward; tho walls aro noarly com
pleted and the roof will soon bo on.
Only a part of tho new church now in
ccirso of erection for tho use of St. Stephen's
P. E. parish Is to bo completed. Tho com
plete structure will bo in tho form of a cross,
and on tho northern side a hno parish hall has
been planned. Tho building at present being
erected will comprise sunply the two tran
septs and the eastern half of tho nave. A
temporary lacing of brick will be put in to
cIosh tho exposed part of tho nave. Tho
chuicli is to bo of granite and trimmed with
Indiana limestone.
The regular semi-annual conference of tho
ministers of tho now or Swedenborglau
Church was held in Metzerott Hall Tues
day. Tuesday night special cervices were held in
tho First Methodist Protestant Church, at
Fifh street and Virginia nvenuo southeast.
Tho meeting was addressed by llev. Q. Bac
chus and Bov. .Tiramio Cooke, tho boy orator.
A largo collection was taken up to help tho
young man to finish his education.
Tho Eastern Prc&byterian Church gave n
benefit for tho choir fund Tuesday evening. It
was a great success.
Srcemat Vlvelcananda Swami, the mission
ary of tho Hindu faith now in this country,
was in tho city Tuesday. Ho will preach for
Dr. Kent uext Sunday.
Ho Had Reason to Repent Asking a Ques
tion About Eve.
There is a crusty old bachelor on Fourth
Street who is a confirmed woman hater and
who never misses an opportunity for saying
something sarcastic nnd disagreeable about
tho fair sex. But he met more than his match
tho other day in a plucky little woman, who
metaphorically speaking, wiped up tho earth
with him, much to tho delight of his friends,
who wero greatly amused at his discom
fiture, says tho Louisvillo Post.
Tno oid bachelor inquired why. when Evo
wa3 manufactured of a sparo rib, a servant
wasn't made at tho same time to wait on her.
The littlo woman responded promptly: ''Be
cause Adam never read tho newspapers until
the sun got down behind tho palm trees and
then, strotchinn, yawned out: 'Isn't supper
most ready, my dear?' Not he. Ho maao tho
first lire and hung tho kettlo over it himself.
I'll venture, and pulled the radishes, peeled
the potatoes, and did everything olse ho ought
to do.
"Ho chopped tho kindling, brought in tho
coal and did tho chores himself, and ho novor
brought home half a dozen friends to dinner
when Evo hadn't any fresh pomograuntes."
Tho little woman stopped a moment for
breath and went on with renewed vigor:
'And Adam never stayed out till 12 o'clock at
a political meeting, hurrahing for some caudi
date and then scolding because poor Evo wo3
sitting up and crying insido the gates. Ho
never played billiards, rolled tenpins nnd
drove fast horse3, nor choked Evo with cigar
"Ho aover loafed around tho corner gro
ceries and saloons while Evo w.03 rocking lit
tle Cain's cradlo at home. In short, he didn't
think sho was ospecially created for tho pur
poso of waiting on him, nnd wasn't under tho
impression that it disgraced a man to lighten
the wifo's cares a little. That's the reason Evo
didn't need a hired girl and with it is tho rea
son that her descendants do."
She drew another breath and was about to
continue, when tho bachelor pulled his hat
down over his eyes and sneaked away amid
tho laughter of tho crowd.
The Ticket Agent Acted on Business Prin
ciples and She Smiled.
A young woman appeared early tho other
morning at ono of the Grand Central ticket
windows and asked the ticket man to givo her
United States money for 620 in Canadian bills,
says tho New York Sun. Ho smilingly de
clined on tho ground that it was contrary to
orders, but as tho bank was not yet open ho
loaned her 3, taking ono of her Canadian
bills as collateral. Tho young woman ap
peared an hour later, after having break
fasted and done somo shopping and said:
"If you'll givo mo that Canadian bill I'll
take it and my other Canadian money over
to tho bank and get it oxchanced."
"Aro you going to givo mo S5 in placo of
it?" asked tho ticket man.
"No," was tho simple answor. "I'vo spent
the S3 you loaned mo, and if 3'ou don't givo
me tho Canadian bill I left witn you I'll havo
to make two trips to the bank to got my mo
ney changed."
Tho young woman looked perfectly honest
and tho ticket man beliovod her to bo. but
then herSchemo would have been so boautlful
a little confidence game that ho felt sure
should it turn out such ho would not only
lose his 5, but be covered with ridiculo, for
no man could resist telling such a tale even of
himself. So ho looked grave and said ho was
afraid tho young wemau would have to mako
two trips to the bank. Sho smiled in a sort of
bewildered way at this, but hastened oil and
camo back in ten minutes with a new, crisp
5 United States note. Tho ticket man fore
boro to examine it too carefully as sho handed
it in with a smile and dimple, and as she do
parted again to tho bank with her $5 Can
adian bill ho looked sorry that he hadn't
trusted her.
Society Calls a Spade a Spado.
It has been said, with the usual injustice of
the "smart" saying, that one-half of society
is flippant and tho other half morbid. Of
course, this is not lru- bat there is a partial
truth in it. It may at least be said that thero
is quite too much frankness in society that
a spade is too often called a spado, and in a
way which brings a shudder to ono who has
presorved somo faith in tho traditions of gra
cious and stately ladyhood. Perhaps ono
may look for something better soon, for thero
is a rumor that tho "fad" of tho coming sea
son is to bo "good manners." Now York
s A Paradox.
Bolker (meditatively) My oxperionco has
taught mo ono curious thing.
BIobbs-Has, eh? What is it?
Bolker That tho closor a man is the harder
it is to touch hlra. Buffalo Courier.
A German Joke
Hausfrau (to dunning tradesman) If to
morrow is bad weather I shall bo able to pay
you. But if it is good weather you need not
call, as we shall need the money to go to a
picnic. Fllecndo Blaettcr
wmii T L
Maids and Matrons Served Their
Country During the Civil War.
Tho Illinois Women Wore Fearless Fiuhtera
Hisa Ford, of Fairfax, Va., a Famous
Scout, Y7as ITotod for Her Work in tho
Secret Service Other Notod Names.
Women of all ranks nnd positions took part
in tho lato civil war, not only as spies, but
also as private soldiers nnd holding honor
ary commissions. It is difficult to say whether
tholr motives wero like those of Joan of Arc
tho salvation of their country or merely lovo
of excitement. But it ia"nstouIshing to find,
in talking with ex-officers, how many of tho
other sex did sharo tho hardships of battlo,
somo oponly confessing taolr box, others dis
guised as men.
Every ono knows of Belle Boyd, tho fatnons
epy, but thero aro many whose names cover
bocamo famous, but whoso workwasnssubtlo
and us daring.
Brig. Gen. Bakor, of tho secrot serrico dur
ing tho civil war, tells of tho work of a Mies
Ford, who was a devotod littlo rebol, and
lived at Fairfax Court Houso. Ilor fathor'o
homo wr.9 headquarters for the staff officers
of tho Union, and Bliss Ford was quite a
bollo among thorn, gho was, to nil purposes,
for tho Union, and tho officers beliovod in
her to tho extent o telling hor much of tho
strength of tho Army. By enroful investiga
tion and cioso observation olio obtnlnod in n
eocminfjly careless mansor all information
accessary for trn nso oi tho Confederates.
Tho only frequent i;i'.or sho bad was an
unpretentious, provincial youth, who would
eit on tho plnnsa with hor .n tno afternoon
oscitins no suoplciou. Tho "youth'' wna
Mosby, tho iarmua guerrilla, and Miss Ford,
who wr.3 honorary aide-de-camp to Brie;.
Gen. J. E. D. L.uart, was giving him tho w'aolo
sohomo arm strength of tho union forces,
whero tno pickets were slntioncd. tho
etror.slh o." Ibo outposts, tho names of officor3
in comrpsind. tho naturo oi general orders,
tho places whoro offlconi' qunrtor? wore es
tablished, nil 0. tho nuabcr ot officers pres
ent. Once when sho was riding with a Union
officer, Mosby joined them in his unfashion
nblo cilizeus'clothes; Miss Ford introduced
him under his assumed name, and joining
them for a fow miles ho learned much that ho
wished to know. That night Mosby was en
abled through Miss Ford's information to
mako tho attack upon Gen. Stoughton, carry
ing officers as prisoners, also valuable prop
erty, and capturing 100 fine horses. It wa3
this affair which called forth Lincoln's well
known remark thnt "it was a great pity ho
could mako brigadier generals, but couldn't
mako horses."
Tho truo circumstances nnd modo of at
tack, the accurato information in possession
of tho Confederate leader, all pointed unmis
takably to the existence of a spy within tho
lines, bo a woman was sent to meet a woman.
Ono of tho female detectives of tho secret
servico went to Miss Ford, represented her
self as a Southern woman, asking protection
to rench tho Confederate lines, nnd tho two
women bec&mo friends. In a burst of confi
dence Miss Ford showod iho detective tho
sealed commission of aide-de-camp, which sho
kept between her mattresses. Sho was ar
rested and sent to Old Capitol prison.
There was another distinguished fomalo
captive at this prison at the same time, and
sho was a Southerner. Disguised in soldiers'
clothes, sho had entered too far into tho
lines, nnd was arrested for a spy. In telling
of her Maj. Gen. Townsend says: "She had
no friends in tho city to supply her with ap
propriate clothing. It was at Inst reported
to mo that, being greatly mortified regarding
her raiment, she stayed in bed all tho time
rather than appear in it after her sex had been
detected. I mentioned her dilemma to that
most worthy, true-hearted Presbyterian
divine, Dr. John C. Smith, nnd suggested that
his wifo might bo disposed to visit the little
prisoner nnd provide hor with femalo apparel.
"Somo timo after tho doctor told me that
Mrs. Smith went to seo her. and found tho
young woman in bed. But it transpired that
in tho course of tho interview the little soldier
expressed to Mrs. Smith so emphatically her
opinion of 'Yankees' and all their doings, that
tho clergyman's wifo grow indignant, and left,
declnring tho woman soldier might remain in
bod forover, or wear her malo garb until it
dropped off, before sho would help her out."
So tho brigadier-general nnd tho Presbyterian
minister stood helpless between tho two
women's temper.
a ruxsoiiENAL oedehly sehgeaxt.
Many women thero wore who shouldered
tho musket, rodo until they dropped, and
stood fire like a man. With dozens of these
their sex was not discovered until thoy wcro
carried into tho surgeou's tent wounded. Ono
of tho uniquo announcements of such a caso
of mistaken identity was posted in tho head-"
quarters of Gen. Bosecraus.
It explains itself:
HeadQuaeters, Department of the Cum
berland, April 17, 1863.
General: Tho general commanding directs
mo to call your attention to a flagrant out
rage committed in your command a young
person having been admitted insido' your
linos without a pass, and in violation of your
orders. Tho case is ono which calls for vour
personal attention, and tho general com
manding directs that you should deal with
tno offending party according to law.
The medical diroclor roports that nn or
derly sorgennt in Urigadier General
division was to-day delivered of a daughter,
wmen is in violation oi an military law and
tho Army regulations. No such caso has been
known since tho days of Jupiter.
Ono of tho women who distinguished her
self nobly in the soldiering of tbo Army was
Mrs. Annie Etheridge, of Wisconsin, who was
in tho second battlo of Bull Bun, and had
public recognition from Gen. Kearny of her
services. His death prevented her promotion.
Sho was oftnn under fire. An officer was onco
shot down by hor side, nnd onco whon a rebol
officer was captured Mrs. Etheridge escorted
him to tho rear by tho general's command. At
Spottsylvanln Hoights, whon tho soldiers
wero retrenling, she remonstrated with thoin
ana brought tliem back, altogether proving
herself a dnring soldier. Sho received a gov
ernment appointment after the war.
Mmo. Lurchin, another woman of high
birth, fought on tho Union side. She was
tho daughter of a Bussian officer, bo rn in a
Bussian camp, and was the wifo of Col. Lur
chin, of an Illinois regiment. During an ill
ness of her husband sho took command of tho
regiment and proved horsolf an intrepid
Neither did theso women go unrewarded.
Thoro was Major Paulino Cushman, who, un
like Mmo. Lurchin and Mrs. Etheridge, woro
military trousers as well as coat. Miss Cush
man was n renutiful nnd well-known actress
when the war broke out. At tho commence
ment of hostilities sho was playing in Louis
villo, nnd incurring tho suspicion of being a
secessionist, she wns arrested by Federal
authorities. To test hor sho was nskod if sho
would enter tho secret servico of tho govern
ment. Sho consented nnd was nt onco em
ployed to carry letters botweon Louisviilo and
Miss Cushman was omployed by Gen. Boso
orans. and was for months with the Cumber
land Army. Major Cushman know every road
and evory houso for miles, was tho most dar
ing of scouts and intrepid of fighters. Sho
visited the Conredernto lines timo after time.
Twice sho was suspected of being a spy and
arrested, but both times she oscapedby "keen
est strategy.
Onco Miss Cushman was sent as scout to
ward Shelbyvlllo from Nashville, which was
held by Union forces, to ascertain tho strength
of tho enomy. Boturniug sho ra's captured,
placed on a horso in charge of two scouts and
taken to Forrest's headqnartcrs. Baffled for
awhile, sho rodo on, but nt last feigned sick
ness nnd snid she w:is unablo to rido further.
Stopping at a house, Miss Cushman found
that Federal scouts had passed that way an
hour before.
Calling an old negro to her, sho put Eomo
money Into his hand, told him to go down
tho road and eomo back screaming. "Tho
Yankees aro coming!" no did ns sho di
rected, and. although tho Southern soldiers
rofiibod to beliovo him at first, no net"d his
part so wolt thoy finally mado off to hiding,
leaving Miss Cushman nlone. Sho escaped,
but found it was necessary to pas3 the Con
,fcdornto pickets. To the first four, when
hnltod, she gave tho countersign a ennteon
of whisky but the fifth was" more inauisitivo
nnd sho was turned back. Sho reached Bose
crans finally, but was in the end arrested.
Capt. Taylor was another titled woman sol
dier that Gen. Kirklnnd tells of. She was
Miss Sarah Taylor, stepdaughter of Capt.
Dowdun, and joined the First Tennessee. Sho
was only olghtoen vhen sho entered tho
Army, andthrough tho wholo war was tho
idol of tho Tennossoo boys. Sho wore tho
regulation sword and silver mounted pistols,
wa3 an expert swordswoman,asuro shot with
pistol, and could rido like an Arab. Wnen
tho order wa3 given to re-enforce Capt. Gar
rard, Cant. Taylor galloped, cap in hand,
along tho line, cheeringthe men, and marched
in the van with them. They considered her
as a mascot.
Mrs. Beynolds, wife of Lieut. Beynolds,
Company A, Seventeenth Illinois, was" mado
an honoray major by Gov. Yates, of Illinois,
for "meritorious conduct on tho bloody battle
field of Pittsburg Landing."
In the prison at Atlanta, Ga., a young wo
man was discovered disguibed as "n toldier.
Sho was Miss Hook, of Chicago, known in tho
Nineteenth Illinois as Frank Miller. She was
shot through tho leg and taken prisoner. It
was said that Jeff Davis wrote to her, offering
her a lieutenancy if sho would enlist on the
Southern side. She refused and was finally
Gen. Kirkland also tolls of a cose of mono
mnnin occurring in a young woman of
Brooklyn, only nineteen years of age. She
became possessed with the idea that sho was
n modern Joan of Arc to lead tbo Union
nrmies to victory. Sho was carried every
where by her family to cure her, but sho
mado her escape from Ann Arbor. Mich.,
went to Detroit, where sho enlisted in a drum
corps of n Michigan regiment, and finally
succeeded in gettitig to tho Army of the Cum
berland. How sho survived the'hardships of
tho Kentucky campaign is a wonder, for sho
went through it all. deluacd as sho was.
During the bartlo ot Lookout Mountain she
was shot in tho loft side, and her sex was
discovered when she was dying in tho sur
geon's tent. Sho was 6uried on tho field.
These aro only a few of tho most notablo
instances of woman warriors in tho late war,
but all officers unite in saying that there were
dozens of privates who served with bravery
equal to the men, and many whoso sex was
not discovered until tho war wns ending.
H. Hallmark.
Orphys Trolley: Havo a mnrshniallow?
Slayer Boozo: No, thanks; I never touch n
Forgotten Quotations.
What do wo owo to Beaumont and Fletcher?
Homely proverbs Jn plenty, from "Beggars
should bo no choosers" to "Discretion is tho
better part of valor," thou;, whether they or
Shnkespearo has a prior right to tho hitter is
uncertain. From thoin nlso we inherit mnny
nrettily-dressed bits of philosophy in "Our
nets our angels aro, for good or ill" stylo and
many stirring tngs liko "Deeds, not words,"
and "Let's meet and either do or dio."
Burns uses this phrase in his great war song,
nnd Campbell, who gnvo us "Distance lend3
enchnntmenrj" "Angol visits," Meteor flag of
Englnnd," and "Coming events." etc., places
it in "Gertrudo of Wyoming." Tho Cornhill
The Only Way.
Professor (lecturing on tho gorilln) Gen
tlemen, you must givo mo your undivided nt
tention. It is impossiblo for you to form n
truo idea of thi3 hideous animal unless you
keep your eyes fixed on me. Boston Com
mercial Bulletin.
no wroto hl3 namo
On tho sands of fame
Ana droamed 'twould pcrisfc never;
But timo's gray wavo
Tboso shores did lavo,
And tho namo va gone foroveri
With tendor guilo
Sho bound a while
Young lovo in o fottor of flowers;
But o'en as sho dreamed
Ho was true as ho seemed,
Ho had flown to rosier bowers.
Now youth nnd maid
In tho churchyard laid,
Know neither of Ioto nor glory;
But many a -youth
And maid, in' sooth,
Toll over and over tho story.
j Ltpplncott's Magazine.
Thrilling Experience of Capt. Schilling
at the Alamo Massacre.
As Commander of a Company of Texa3 Eangcr3
Ho "Releases" Man7 Mexican Prisoners
For All Eternity Confined in an Under
ground Dungeon and Terribly maltreated.
"Bemembcr the Alamo!"
It was with this ba:tlo cry on their lips that
tho bravo soldiera of tho young republic ot
Texas rushed into the fray after tho awful
massacre at the old mission building, known
us "tho Alamo," and many a swarthy Mexi
enn wont to his dentil with the words ringing
in his cars, "Bemembor the Alamo!" The ter
rible vengeance of tho Tcxans on the soldiers
of Santa Anna, to repay thorn in a measure
for slaughtering without mercy the gallant
defenders of the old Alamo structure, is a fa
miliar and thrilling chapter ot American his
tory nnd doos not therefore require reproduc
tion in The Times.
There is ono man in Washington who has
good reason to "remember the Alamo."
That man is Capt. Louis Charles Schilling,
who resides with his wife nnd children at No.
1215 E street northwest. Tho Captain claims,
nnd proudly, too. to be tho only living sur
vivor of tho fateful massacre, in which brave
Davy Crockett nnd bis feilow patriots gave
up their lives in the cause of huii.aa freedom.
At tho time of the siege and massacre at the
Alamo, Schilling was a baby boy of five
years, but the awful scenes enacted there
mndo an impression on his young mind wbieh
will bo as lasting as life itself.
Ho saw tho gallant Texans as they fell, ono
by one, before the murderous lire of" the Mex
icans, and crouching in a corner he witnessed
tho Texas rillemen as they emptied their long
guns full in the faco of Santa Anna's yelling
As tho Mexicans surged Into the mission
building, a wounded Texan seized little
Schilling and forced him into an old-fashioned
bacon box, where he remained con
ceded during all the carnage and pillage that
followed their entry. He saw noble Davy
Crockett fall, Jjfter ha had heaped the place
about him witn dead and wounded Mexican
soldiers, and also witnessed tho killing of his
own relatives, sturdy Germans, who wero
among tho earliest white settlers of Texas.
Young Schilling remained undiscovered in
the bacon box until he was rescued by tho
Toxan reinforcements, who had been" hurry
ing to the relief of tho beleaguered garn&on.
Ho was then taken to a place ofsafety and
remained as a charge cf the Lone Star State
until ho reached man's estate.
As a momento of his escape and experience,
tho State of Texas ha3 presented him with a
handsome medal, which he wears proudly on
his watch chain. In addition to a Latin in
scription it bears tho words: "Survivor of the
Alamo. Presented by tho State of Texas."
On the front and reverse of the medal appear
two views of tho old Alamo building.
. When Capt. Schilling reached tho ago of
twenty !irs. ho enlisted in tho Texas Bang
ers, and was soon placed in command of a
company operating along the Rio Grande. As
leador of these wild riders he saw an oppor
tunity of avenging the deaths of his relatives,
whoso lives wero taken by Mexicans at the
"1 was sworn," said Capt. Schilling to a
Times' reporter, "to either take Mexican
marauders along the Bio Grande prisoners or
elso roleaso them, as my judgment micht dic
tate, nnd I am frank to say that during my
service with tho Bangers I was instrumental
in having not less tbun five hundred "greas
ers' released. I had a rather peculiar way of
releasing my Mexican prisoners, but i: was an
effective way, and tney never bothered U3
any moroif ler being released."
"How did I release them? Why, when the
boys would bring one, two or three 'greasers
before me and say: 'Captain, we found these
fellows trying to steal cattle,' or engaged in
any other sort of mischief, I would tell them
that tho jail at Brownsville, or somewhere
else, was fall of prisoners and we had no room
for tho rascals. Then I would instruc: them
to tako tho prisoners to a piece of woods or
cbnpparal and 'release them, aa my sworn
orders called for either release or incarcera
tion. Tho boys would then lead the Mexi
cans away to cover, out of my sight, aad in a
few minutes a volley of rifle shots would in
form mo that my orders had been obeyed and
the Mexicans 'released. "
Cnpt. Schilling kept a record ot tho num
ber of "greasers" he had released, and he
does not think the numter will fall far short
of 500. Tho captain's name scon became a
terror to Mexican marauders along tho
muddy Rio Grande, and they fought shy ot
his particular company of rangers for fear
that they might some day come in for ono of
Capt. Schilling's fatal releases.
A year or two after his retirement from the
rangers, owing to a severe attack of rheuma
tism he had contracted as a result of exposure
and hardship on the frontier, tho captain
camo near losing his life in an underground
Mexican dungeon. Tho Mexicans had such a
hatred for tho "devil captain." as they were
wont to call him. that when he was advised
to seek relief for his ailment at tho Hot
Springs of Mexico, he went thero in disguise.
While returning towards Texas, a few months
later, he was recognized by a Mexican as ho
waspassingthrough a small town near the Rio
Grande. The man who discovered his identity
nt onco notified some companions and Cnpt.
Schilling was wnylnid nnd shot through tho
thigh. Ho was then seized by Mexican offl
cera and hurried off to prison. Tho men
who shot Schilling entered the false charge
of ns3nult nnd battery with intent to kill
against him. Without even a preliminary
hearing tho captain was thrust into an un
derground dungeon and kopt there for over
threo months. Tho soldiers who arrested him
stolo nil his mouey, something liko $1,500.
and subjected him tcthe grossest indignities.
Onco in tho dungeon, ho was left to soli
tude and sem-idnrkness. No food was fur
nished him by tho brutal jailors, and had it not
been for an old Mexican woman who secretly
gave aim a few tortillas (Mexican core cakes)
every day nnd tho little burro mules who
camo to the pit entrance and dropped a few
gr:iins of corn from their mouths a3 they
munched their noon-day meal. Schilling
would hnvo starved to death, as it was tho
purpose of tho Mexicans that ho should.
Whenever ho asked for water to drink the
inhuman jailor bnnded him a jar of slop
water that a hog would havo refused to
"So lonely was I in that underground
prison," snid tho captain, "that I welcomed
oven the companionship of tho little houso
flies thnt buzzed about my dunseon door."
Cnpt. Shilling finally feigned insanity and
mnnaged to get a note, written in German, to
nn ox-German consul who resided in tho
town. Tho Mexicans, believing that ho had
become a madman from starvation and other
abuses to which he was subjected, said:
"Oh, tho 'devil captain is crazy now. He
cannot do us any more harm."
Accordingly the German ex-consul, who
understood Schilling's scheme, secured his re
lease and escorted him across the Bio Grande
to tho free air of Texas.
On account of thee indignities the Captain
now has an indemnity bill against the Mexi
can government pending before Congress.
Bicycle Signals.
First Citizen It is not enough that bi
cycles carry bells; tho law should enforce a
regular system of signals that all can under
stand. Second Citizen Whnt would you suggest?
First Citizen Well, I don't know exactly,
but it might bo something like this: Ono r.ng,
stand still; two rings, dodge to the right;
three rings, dive to tbj left; four rings. jumD
straight up and I'll run under you; flvo rings,
turn a back handspring and land bohind me,
and so on. Y'ou seo, us folks who walk nro
nlwnys glnd to bo accommodated, but tho
trouble is to find out what tho fellow behind
wants up to do. New York Weekly.
nMEi i
3 S fJaLa&
World's Records
and Highest Honors.
The Only Bicyc!e
Holding Them.
No Other Machine is Made
with Drop ForgFngs.
Ride the Best.
Always in the Lead.
The Universal Favorites.
IQastrsted catalogo aoaQed free.
Dealers ia Bicycle. Tricjeies, Yvloetpedes,
Gods, Kiflee. I'atiary. Flabing Tackle.
A foil lino oi Baseball and porting tieods of
iTery liescriptioE.
Don't TakB GImigss.
There Is Toot 4n
and that's toe one yon wast for head
aebe, braiaworx, nervous debility,
and indigestion.
Everybody sells . Made i7W.lt. Warner JS
Co., Philadelphia and Xew York.
V John G. Jtron. p. x. Dctwklzb. V
Kcatnew Punctuality Fair Prteea. V
? Jifdd & DBlWBilBF, I
Printers and Publishers, 1
) 420-422 11th St N. W., f
Washington, D. C. f
f Printers to the Scientific Societies ot V
j Washington, U. S. bnpreme and District q
f Courts. y
f Print anything from a viaitiag card to a y
X thousand page book. A
Undertaker and Eaabalraer, Mala OSce, 2X1
and 2205 Fourteenth street northwest Braca
oCce S10 Four-and-a-half Mret southwest.
Twenty years' experieace ia the besteess, and
flrst-claas work guaranteed. .ArrangeineBts .-on
he made -with us for foaerala ia any part of the
Vailed States.
?Co. 3 Varnished Coda, -without class. ......$15 -j
"So. 4 Varnished Co3a. with glass 25 1
Ko. 5 Varnished Casket, with glass......... 35. a)
"o. 8 Varnished Caakot, better grade... 42 X)
"o. 7 BUck Cloth Casket, with gla&a 55. 3
'. 8 Black Cloth Casket, with glass 6Z. X)
'o. 9 Black Cloth Casket, with glass 73. M
Ka 10 Black Cloth Casket, with glass 85.00
Motalllc Caskets furnished in proportion, whea
desired. It wilt cost you nothing to mvesusate
our prices. BelMrao
Miss Maria Parloa
Strongly Becommends
the use of
Extract of Beef
And she has written a
which will bo seat free
on application to
Dauchvfc Co.. 27 Park
Place, New York.
Ia Effect Juaa 24, 189i
10:30 A. iT. FENSTLVAXtA LmiTSD Pult
man Compartment Sleeping, Dialog. Smoking,
and Observation Cara liarnsbarg to Chicago,
Cincinnati. Indianapolis, Cleveland, aad To
ledo. Buffet Parlor Car to Harristrar?
lh83A.M. FAST LISK Pullman KaBe: Parlor
Car to Harrtebnrs, Parlor and Dining Cars,
llarrisburg to Pittsburg:
PRESS Pullman Buttet Parlor Car toHar
risbursr, Sleepln? and Dinlnc Cars, Harr j
bnrg to St. Louis, Cincinnati, LouiSTiU, aad
7:10 P. JL WESTHtX EXPRESS Pullmaa
Sleeping Cars to Chicago, and Harrisburs
to Cleveland. Dining Car to Chicago.
Pullman Sleeping and Dining Cars to St
Louis, and Sleeping Car HarrUbnrg to Cin
cinnati 10:40 P. M. PACIFIC EXPRESS. Pullman
sleeping Car to Pittsburg:
720 a. m. lor Kane, Canandaigaa. Rochester,
aad Niagara Falls daily, except Sunday.
10.80 a. au for tlrnira and Renova daily, except
Sunday. For Williaaisport daily, 3:13 p. ra.
7:10 p. m. for Williaimport, Rochester, Buffalo,
nnd Niagara Falls daily, except Saturday,
with Sleeping Car Washington to Rochester.
10:10 P. 31. for Erie, Canandaigaa. Rochester, and
Buffalo dally, and Niagara Fall daily, escept
Saturday, with Sleeping Car Washington to
Elmira, and Saturdays only aahington to
For Philadelphia, ow York, and the East
All Parlor Cara, with Dining Car frora.iku.i
more, forew York dally, f or Pailadelph.a
weekdays. 7:20, 755 (Dining Car), 90, 9:i
(Dining Car), and 11:00 ttn:n$ Car. a. m ,
1L:15, 3:15, 4:20, KhoO, and 1135 p. m. On Sun
day, 7120, 753 (Dining Car). ifcOU, 11:00 r lnmg
Car a.m.. 12:15. 3:15, 4SJO. MfctW. and 1I.J3 p.
m. Jror rhiladelphia only. Fast Express 7 jO
a. m. wek days. Express. 21 and 3:40 p. m.
For Boston, without change, 750 a. m. week
davs, and 3:15 p. in. dailv.
For Baltimore 6., 7J, 7 50. 738, WO, 9M0, 10:30,
11.00, and IliO a. m., 1215. or, 3d5,4.rt tUm
iten. 4.20, 4.38, 3-40, tS:M. 7:10. Willi, 10:4J. 11 !1,
and 11S3& u. jb. On Sunday. 7.30, 7:fti, '). ' ',
lfr.., 11:00 a. m., 12:15. 1:15. 2 , .U5. 4:00 lin
Hed), 4-20, 5:40, 6:14, 7:10, Ifcflft, 1W. and U 3
p. m. '
For Pop" Creek Line, 7:20 a. m. and 436 p. re
daily, except Sunday.
For Annapolia, 7sa, tf0, a : 1130 a na.and
4:20 p. rc. daily, except ur Jay. Sundays, 9.M
a. m., and 4.2u p. m.
Atlantic Coast Line Express fr Richmond,
Jack&oimUe and Tampa, 1 ) a. m.,&30 p. m.
daily. Richmond aad Atlanta, iJOp. m. uaiiji
Richmond only, 10 a; a. ra. vtek daya.
Accommodation for Vrantno, i.4S . m. daily.
and 4sS5 p. m. week dys.
For Alexandria, 4 , &:., 745, 8rf0, fc45. lu TT,
11:50 a nt. 120. 1:t0, L20, 4J25. 5.0k. 5-7. b
S:OS, 1O.-06, and 11:39 p. m Ob Stnday at 4-iJ,
7.-15, 0:43 a. ra.. 2 45, ii:13; 9-.0S, aad 10.05 p m.
Lenvo Alexaadna tor Waihrngton 6:06, 6.43, 7:03,
S.00, U:10, 10:1, IOCS a. re, 1.-C0, 2:15, 3.-00. 353,
6:60, 5:30. &13, 7.00. 7:20, 9:15. I&3S. and 11 CS p.
m. Or; Sunday at k43. 9:10, 103 a. m , 2:15,
5SJ0, 7:00, 7:20, 9:15, and 10-.52 p. m.
Ticket offices aortheast corner of Thirteeata
street and Pennsylvania avenue, and at the sta
tion. Sixth and 1! streets, where orders can b
loft for the checking of baggage to destination
from hotels. aad real encea. J. R. WOOD,
General Passenger AgaaX
a il. PEEV03T, General Manager .

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