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STf If V fc.T''" JT3 AUT TIT H T A V JLJLJL.-L J JL V JL i )am lou Sent CC as Coupon? "VOL. 2. NO. 430. "WASHnsfaTON, d. c, Tuesday jSioBNnsra, max 2ts 1395 eight pages. ONE CENT. m m Li otcoinnoiiiL mo HARD MONEY MISSIONARY. So Declared hy a Majority of the Supreme Court. Justice Harlan's Remarkably Pointed Language. He Talked About Sound Money in Covington's Beer Garden. Presbyterian Assembly Reaffirms Action Regarding Its Seminary, OPINION OF THE CHIEF JUSTICE SHARP DISSENTING VIEWS REMARKS WERE SIGNIFICANT CONSERVATIVES VICTORIOUS rRnwn hfarii tariiif I Bit ,tfiM . n Levies TJpnn Bents from "Property nnd Interest from Bonds as Direct a Tax as II Put TJpon tlie Ileal Estate .and Securities This the Essential Defeat of the Iuconie Tax Law. Toe Income tax law , -which has received bo large a share of the public attention since the beginning of the first regular session of the Fifty-third Congress, la a thing of the past. After being twice heard in the United States Supreme Court, it "was finally decided by that court yesterday to be invalid and unconstitutional. There -were four dissenting opinions de livered in thi-se cases yesterday, one each by Justices Harlan, Brown, Jackson and White, showing that the court had stood 5 to 4 against the law. Inasmuch as one of these dissenting opin ions was handed down by Justice Jackson, and as he was absout at the first hearing, when the court decided evenly on the ques tion of sustaining, the law on all points, except those as to the tax on Incomes from rents and bonds, it follows that one of the members of tbe court, who at first pro nounced for the law except on these two points, changed his attitude after the second argument. There is very little question that Jus tice Shiras is the member who revised his of the law. He, however, made no an nouncement either yesterday or when the first opinion was delivered, as to his position. LA"W AS A WHOLE INVALID. While the opinion of the Chier Justice was largely a review of the general as pects of tiie questions involved, he based tbe action of the court yesterday upon the argument that the provisions of the law re garding the laxupon rents aud bonds were so essential a factor of it as to render all other parts of it dependent upon them, and that, in accordance with the well-known rule of law bearing on this question, the law as a whole must be declared invalid. The opinion of the Cliiot Justice, while receiving the respectful and careful consid eration of his auditors, was not the subject of such general remark as were the dissent ing opinions of Justices Harlan and White, which were couched in language so vigorous and were so emphatio in their arraignment of the majority as to cause very general comment. Both justices indicated their belief that the ruling opinion was revo lutionary and intimated that serious con sequences might ensue. Justice Harlan sug gested the necessity for amending the Con sti'utfon in.vjew of the opinion. The courtroom was packed during the entire three hours when the opinions were being delivered. Alarge number ofpersons, including many ladles, remained standing until the last w ord of the last of dissenting opinions had been uttered. JUSTICE JACKSON'S APPEARANCE. The opinion of the court and the position of each of Its members had been so ac curately forecast that no surprise was ex pressed in any quarter atthe announcements made either by the Chief Justice or the dis senting justices. The unexpected event of the day was in the appearance of Justice Jackson. He had announced after casting his vote last Saturday week that he would return on tho following Monday to Tennessee, but It appears that, instead he went to Phlladel oelphia to consult a specialist on internal diseases. He left the bench immediately after de livering his opinion, and it is understood, will now proceed South. He delivered his opinion from notes. It should probably be stated that while the cases in which these opinions were delivered are uniformly characterized as the income tax cases, they are "known on the court dockets as the cases of Charles Pollock vs the Farmers Loan and Trust Compauy, and Lewis H Hyde vs. the Con tinental Trust Company of New York, both appealed from the circuit court of the .-United States for the southern district of New York. DECISION IN DETAIL. Mr. Chief Justice Fuller delivered the opinion of the court, as follows: Whenever this court is required to pass upon the validity of an act of Congress as tested by the fundamental law enacted by the people, the duty imposed demands In its discharge the utmost deliberation and care and invokes the deepest sense of re sponsibility. And this is especially ro when the question involves the exercise of a great governmental power and brings into consideration, as vitally ariected by the decision, that complex sjstem of govern ment so sagaciously framed to secure and perpetuate "an indestructible Union, com posed of indestructible States." Weliave, therefore, with an anxious desire to omit nothing which might in any degree tend to elucidate the questions submitted, and aided by further able arguments embody ing the fruits or elaborate research, care fully re-examined these cases, with the re sult that, while our former conclusions remain unchanged, th'-irsi.opo must be en larged by the acceptance of their logical consequences. The very nature of the Constitution, as observed by Chief Justice Marshall, iu one of his greatest judgments, "requires that only its great outlines should be murLe.d, Its important objects designated, and the minor ingredients which compose those ob jects be deduced from the nature of the ob jects themselves." In considering this ques tion, then, wemust never forget thatitisa Constitution which we are expounding. TWO CLASSES OF TAXATION. As heretofo-e stated, Uio Constitution di vided federal taxation into two great classes, the olanK of direct taxes and the class of duties, imports and excises, aud prescribed two rules which qualified the grant or poweras to each class. Tiiejiower to lay direct taxes, apportioned among the several States in proportion to their rep resentation in the popular branch of Con gress, a representation based on popula tion as ascertained by the census, was plenary and absolute, but to lay direct taxes without apportionment was for bidden The power to lay dutjcB, imports and excises was Mibject to the qualifica tion that the imposition must be uniform throughout the United States. Our previous declblon wat confined to the consideration of the validity of tbe tax on the income from real estate and on the income from municipal Iwutls. The ques tion thus limited was whether such taxa tion was direct or not, in the meaning of the Constitution, and the court went no farther tiGto the tax on the incomes frm Teal estate than to hold that it fell within the same class as the source whence the income waB derived that is, that a tax upon the realty and a tax upon the re ceipts therefrom were alike direct, while as to the income from municipal bonds, that coaki mt be taxed because of wnu tof Concluded on Sixth Page. Decision Pronounced Almost Revo lutionary lnlts Tendency andEf feet. Amendment of tlie Constitution Declared to Bo Necessary "People Banded Over to Great Capitalists. Justice Harlan delivered the principal dissenting opinion and in doing so gave utterance to language which attracted very marked attention from those present because of its directness. After a brief argument against the position of the court construing taxes on incomes derived from rentBas a direct tax, he said: "In my Judgment to say nothing of the disregard of the form eradjudications of this court, and of tlie practice of the govern ment for a century this decision may well excite the gravest apprehensions. It Btrlkes at the very foundations of national authority, m that it denies to the general government a power which Ib or may become vital to the existence and preser vation of the Union. "When this court adjudges, as It does now adjudge, that Congress cannot impose a duty or tax upon income arising from rents of real estate, or upon 'invested per sonal property, oruponincomenrislugfrom 'Invested personal property, bonds, stocks, Investments of all kinds,' except by appor tioning the sum to bo raised among the States according to population, it prac tically decides that without an ameudment of the Constitution 6uch incomes can never be made to contribute to the support of the national government. WILL, PROVOKE A CONTEST. "But this is not all. The decision now made will inevitably provoke a contest in this country, from which the American people would have been spared if the court had not overturned its former adjudica tions and had adhered to those principles of taxation under which our government, following the repeated adjudications of this court, has always been administered. "Under the operation of the decision Just rendered, Congress cannot, for purposes of revenue, Impose a general tax even upon the valuable dogs and valuablo race horses of the country, as property, unless it appor tion such tax among the States, according to population; but it may, without such apportionment, and directly, under the rule of uniformity, reach individual work men, artisans, men of business, authors, lawyers, physicians and ministers, owning no invested personal property, and make each one, in respect of his own earnings, and in whatever State he may reside, pay this tax according to the amount of his earn ings. "Are those in whose behalf arguments are made that rest upon favoritism by the law-making power to mere property and to particular sections of the country, aware that they are provoking a contest which in some countries has swept away, In a tempest of frenzy and passion, exist ing social organizations, and put in peril all that was dear to friends of law and or der? PURPOSE OF CONGRESS DEFEATED. "Are they yet to learn that such argu ments tend to arouse a conflict that may result .In giving life, energy, and power as well to those In our midEt who are eager to array section against section, as those unhappily not few in number, who are without any proper idea of our institutions, and who have neither respect for the rights of property, nor any conception of what Is liberty regulated by law?" Concluding, Justice Harlan said: "The Judgment jU6t rendered defeats the purpose of Congress, by taking out of the revenue not Ie6S than thirty millions, and possibly fifty millions of dollars, expected to bo raised from Incomes. "But the court takes care to say that there is no question as to the validity of any part of the Wilson act except those sections which provide for a tax on Incomes. Thussoniethingis saved for thesupport and maintenance of the Government. It never theless results that those parts of the Wil son act which su rvlve the new theory of the Constitution evolved by these cases are those imposing burdens upon the great body of American people who derive no rents from real estate, and who are not so fortunate as to own invested personal property, such as the bonds or stocks of mammoth corporations, which hold within their control almost the entire business of the country. DISASTER TO THE COUNTRY. "Such a result is one to be deeply de plored. It cannot be regarded otherwise than as a disaster to tlie country. The practical, if not direct, effect of the decision to-day is to give to certain kinds of property a position of favoritism and advantage that is Inconsistent with the fundamental principles of our social or ganization, and to invest them with power and influence that may be perilous to that portion of the American people upon whom rests the larger part of tlie burdens of the government, and who ought not to be subjected to the dominion of aggregated wealth any more than the property of the country should be at the mercy of the lawless." TO CONFEDERATE DEAD. North Carolina's Monument Unveiled with Imposing Ceremonies. Raleigh, N. C. , May 20. The ceremonies of unveiling North Carolina's monument to her confederate dead attracted here to-day the greatest crowd ever assembled in North Carolina. All parts of the South were represented and enthusiasm was unbounded. Raleigh was gay with bunting, and national and con federate colors floated lovingly together. There were G.000 people in the parade, which was in four divisions, and which had a route about three miles in length. Col. Tate presented the monument and Gov. Carr accepted It. Then little Julia Jackson Christian, eight years, pulled tho cord and the veil fell. There was a great shout of applause as the noble monument Btood revealed, while the Wilmington division of the naval re serves fired the governor's salute of seven teen guns. Ex-Gov. Holt and ex-Congressman W. H. H. Cowles then 6poke. Naval Academy Admissions. Annapolis, Md., May 20. Tho following cadets liave been admitted to the Naval Academy: E. C. Kalbtrus, Pennsjlvanla; C. L. McGuIrc, Iowa; J. C. Breckner, Kentucky; W. R. SayleB, Rhode Island; J. M. Greenslade, Ohio; T. J. Morris, Ohio, and A. W. Johnson, Pennsylvania. Charles' Armour Ts Dying. New York, May 20. No change was re ported to-mght In the condition of "Charles Armour, of Chicago, who is dangerously I ill at the Windsor Hotel. At 1:30 o'clock ' it was said that Mr. Armour had shown no j signs of improvement, and his physicians entertain no hopes tor liis recovery. But Can N9 IPPUL TO COriGBESS Extra Session Will Not Be Called if It Can Be Avoided. THE DECISION'CUTS REVENUES Customs Receipts Are Surprisingly Low Commissioner Miller Stops tlie "Work of All Collectors Ho Will Refund All Moneys raid in Under the Void Law. Although yesterday's decision of the Supreme Court will materially cut down tbe anticipated revenues of the government, it is not thought that it will necessitate an extra session of Congress, except some unlooked-for contingency arises to make it unavoidable. It is kuown that the Administration docs not regard an extra session as necessary, although the revenues during the last few months have not been at all satisfactory. The customs receipts, particularly, are surprisingly low. During last January they reached only $17,361,916, and during February they fell to $12,338,180. Dur ing March there was an increase of about $2,500,000, but April showed a falling off to $12,453,086. Duringthe same months there has been a slight increase in tho receipts from In ternal revenue sources, those for April being $10,618,880. The deficit for tbe fiscal year on January 31, 1895, was $34, 246,386. On February 28 this had been increased to nearly $38,000,000, and on April 30 to about $15,250,000. The de ficit as stated to-day was $51,043,584. STOPS ALL WORK. Commissioner Miller, of the Internal Revenue Bureau, yesterday sent the fol lowing telegram to all collectors of Inter nal revenue: "Income tax law declared unconstitu tional by Supreme Court. Stop all work in connection therewith, and send to this office at once under seal all books, assess ment lists, returns and records in your office or hands of deputies relating to income tax." The commmissioner had for some days been prepared for an adverse decision of the court, but nevertheless i twas tohim a matter of deep regret. He believed in the con stitutionality of the law and was inclined to regard the decision of the court as one which in Its adverse effects might be very far reaching. In hiB opinion fully 35,000,000 or $40,0000,000 would have been collected the first year from Incomes, had the entire law been sustained by a practically unani mous court, and even after It had been shorn of the rent provision, at least $15, 000,000 and probably $21,000,000, he estimated, would have been collected. GET THEIR MONEY BACK. As soon as possible those persons who have already paid their tax will be noti fied that under tho authority granted the commissioner by section 3220, of tho It e vlsed Statutes, he will refund all such money on the application of the payees. These applications will be made on the or dinary form for the refunding of taxes that have been unlawfully paid into tbe Treas ury. About 240 deputy collectors, whose ser vices in the field were necessary to carry into effect the income tax law, will now be retired. Sixteen clerks who wero gath ered from the several other departments and bureaus of the Treasury Department and assigned to the Inside work because of their especial proficiency In such matters so far as possible will be assigned to other duties. It is estimated that the total cost of tho work already done and to be done in closing up the affairs of the Income tax division will be about $100,000. Up to this time there haB been collected about $80,000 under the law. Bnrglar Duckett Held. Ephraim Duckett, the colored burglar caught in the house of Mr. E. J. Ray, at No. 629 F street northwest last Friday night, was charged in Judge Miller's court yester day with housebreaking in the night, and held for the grand Jry in $500 bonds. Nannie "Was Sent to Jail. The case of Nannie Peck, charged with assault on Lucy Cole, of Liberty street northwest, was again brought up in tho police court yesterday, and Nannie was sent to Jail for sixty days. m MoKittrlok's Case Nolle "Crossed. James McKittrick, charged with obtain ing $200 from Mrs. Sarah Harry under false pretenses, was arraigned in the police court yeBterday and the case nolle prossed. Cassie Catlett Held in Bonds. Cassie Catlett was charged in the police court yeBterday with grand . larceny of $37 from Edmund Carrlck.and held in $500 "bonds for the grand jury. Hid! 'Ill 1 r.v.c He Take Away Their Silver Idol? COMMENT ON THE DECISION Senator Hill Speaks Warmly Very Jubilantly. and Ex-"President Harrison Thinks That Xo Law Is Better Than an Emascu lated One Opinions Abroad. Albany, N. Y., May 20. Senator David B. Hill was greatly pleased at the decision in the Income tax mntter to-night, and he took no pains to cpuceal that pleasure. He Is everywhere being, congratulated on the decision, and has already received a number of telegrams of that nature, all of which, however, he is carefully guard ing from publication. In relation to its general effects, Senator Hill said in part: "The Supreme Court of the United States is entitled to the thanks of the country for its decision against a law which constituted class legislation; against a statute which sanctioned unequal taxation , and against au enactment which was clamored for only by Populists, cranks and demagogues. "That court has vindicated its' wisdom and entrenchod iteclf In the confidence of the peoplo. Fubllc sentiment was right in demanding that the whole- law be set aside, and public sentiment has dustly triumphed. New York, May 20. President Hnrrison was asked this afternqon for his opinion concerning the decision declaring the in come tax to be unconstitutional. The ex Prcsident said he was very busy and bad really no opinion to express beyond saying that "In view of the mangled state the bill was in it was betterit had met the fate It did at tho hands of the United States Supreme Court." Ex-Gov. Hogg, of Texas, who is a guest at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, when questioned gregarding tho deoisioji, said: "I tip my hat like any patriotic and law-abiding citizen to the decision of the highest court in tho laud and say its action therefore is just." London, May 21. The newspapers have very general comment on tho decision of tlie Supreme Court of tlie United States declaring tlie income tax unconstitutional. The Times on the subject, says: "As things stand, trie weight of authority falls upon the same side as the weight of numbers. The practical result is that, direct taxation must fall upon the citizen in direct opposition to $is voting power. Without reference to the amount of his property. It cannot be doubted that it was t')e intention of the framers of the constitution," however singular it may appear to Englishmen. The Post says: "If the decision Is accep ted by public opinion, It -Will mark a memor able era in the history of the republic." Tho Chrouiclo says: '''The loss of 6, 000,000 of revenue must still further de range American finaqces; but tho million aires have escaped the net aud the people generally will be compelle'd to make up the deficiency. It is a strange comment on American nomocracy and on the limitations of the American Constitution." EXCITING NIGHT SCENE. Louis Clair Ran Amuok Armed TTith a LoadHl .Revolver. With a loaded pistol Jn his hand Louis Clair, colored, aged twenty-one years, and a laborer, nearly caused a riot on M street, near New Jersey avenue northwest, about 9:30 o'clock last night. Clalr.it is claimed, became involved in a. quarrel with William Wilson, another colored man, and drew1 a revolver to em phasize a statement. Wilson did not re main long enough, however, to hear the remainder of Clair's pointed remarks, and darted down M street, followed by the lat ter. Several by-standers joined fn and pursued Clair, who Mldly flourished his gun. 4 Officers Hartley and Duvall then joined in the chase. Near .Fifth and M streets a young baker named' Schneider attempted to stop Clair, but the negro struggled, nearly knocked his carftor down and es caped. ' The policemen, however, caught tho man near Seventh and M, and took him to No. 2 station, where achargtfof carrying concealed weapons was placedagalnst him. . , Condition ot Our Sick People. Representative Cogswell's condition re mains about tho same. He was sleeping quietly when a reporter called at tbe house last evening, with prospects of a good night. Miss Mary A. Dodge (Gail Hamilton) appearstobesinkingslowly, and her friends have about given up hope or tier rauying. Secretary Gresham, Mr.-Hitt and Gen. Pleasanton's conditions remain un changed Harvard Juniors "Win. Cambridge, Mass., May 20. The crew ot 96,winnerof lastyeat's class race, won the class rowing match in St. Charles River this evenipg by a length and a half. Juniors were first, sophomoxes second, and seniors third. The freshmen did not row. Buried "Without Honor. Savannah, Ga., May 20 The body of Straw.thebluejacketonthecruiser Raleigh, who was drowned while attempting to de sert, was round to-day. It was buried with outnonors. x Policemen Discovered a Well dressed Woman Unconscious. HER NAME IS MISS DREW She Had Evidently Been Drugged and Carried There In a Carriage She Was Seen in Company with Two Men "Who Are Believed to Have Committed the Deed. Tho third precinct police were engaged until a lato hour last night In wrestling with a mjbterious assault and robbery caso which was reported to them about 9 o'clock. At that hour, an unknown man in a buggy drovo up to No. 3 station and informed Policeman Goucher that two men had a woman near Cyclorarna w oods, on Massa chusetts avenue, extended, and were drag ging her into tho thicket, he thought, for purposes of robbnry and assault. The r woman in the meantime was screaming atr the top of her voice.v Policeman Goucher sprang into the in formant's buggy aud they drovo rapidly towards the placj indicated. On their j way they met Patrolman Edmonds, who also got into the vehicle. After searching the vicinity in the darkness .for quite a while Goucher finally spied something white on the ground near the thickets which fringe Cyclorarna woods. The white object proved to be the skirts of a handsomely attired young woman, who was stretched out uncon scious on the sward. BEGGED TO BERELEASED. The woman was placed in a buggy and driven to No .3. On the way the crisp night air partially revived her, and seeing that she was in the hands of the police the young woman became greatly fright cnea nnd begged to be released. "For God's sake, don't let my mother know about this," she pleaded. The woman's breath was redolent of wine, nnd alter being taken into the police sta tion she tried in a disconnected manner to tell the ofiicers her experience. She said she reached Washington Sunday, having come direct from her home iu Wilmington, N. C. She is a nmarkably pretty girl and gave her age as twenty-one 5 cars. She was attired in a handsome white ratln evening gown, and wore a diamond studded bracelet about her wrist. She gave her name as Miss Josie Drew, and Ea d she had been stopping at No. 306 Thirteenth Etreet rorthwest, but the police say the house at that number is vacant. The young womau app-eared to have been drugged or given "knock out drops," as she talked in a rather Incoherent and flighty manner. She said she remem bered being in company with two men whose names she professed not to know, and said she had $110 in a roll of bills when she started out with them. The money she claimed to have brought from her North Carolina home. , TAKEN BY THE MEN. It was not on her person when she was brought to the station house, and was no doubt taken by the men, who are being searched for by the police. They are described by somoboys whosaw the trio In a carriage. One of them had on a light colored spring suit and a light 'mustache, hair and complexion. The other man also wore a light suit, but had dark hair, eyes and complexion. He was smooth shaven. Miss Drew was put to bed in a witness room on tbe upper floor of the station and will be held until this morning, when she becomes clear-headed enough to give some sort of a luaid account of the assault and TObbery. Several policemen with lanterns searched the locality later in the night, where the young woman was found, in hopes of securing some clew to her assailants or recovering her lost roll ot bills. Shot "White Lying in Bed. Josephine Holmes, colored, living in O'Brien's court, between Twentieth and Twenty-first, E and F streets northwest, was shot about 1 o'clock Oils morning by Robert Ford, also colored. Ford entered the house while the woman was lying in bed and fired two shots at her, one taking effect in the head and the other in her riuht hand. She was taken to the Emer gency Hospital, where the wounds were dressed. They are serious, but not fatal. The ma a escaped. Mrs. Mao TVaid Gets a Divorce. Mrs. Mae L. "Ward was yesterday granted a divorce from James L. "Ward, a press man at No. 1114 New York avonue, and was given the custody of their infant, Mil dred S. "Ward. The bill was filed February 2 last by Hamilton & Colbert. Mr. "Ward made no defense. Little Bertha "Watson is Missing. It was reported to tho Third precinct station last night that six -year-old Bertha "Watson , residing with her parents at No. 2025 L street wandered away from her home yesterday evenmc Tho police are looking for her. Ho Declared That He Is Not a Candi date for a Senatorshlp or Any Other Office in tho Gift of the People. He Goes to Kentucky as a Private " Citizen The Financial Question. Covington, Ky., May 20. The Secretary of the U. S. Treasury, the Hon. John G. Car lisle, opened the discussion of tbe question of sound money here to-nighcin a structure called "Central Garden." Tho approach from the street was through a grove of Bycamore trees, the ground covered with boards and tables and chairs placed about, where on warm evenings beer is dispensed to thirsty patrons. The rush to hear the speaker was tre menduous. An attempt was made to re serve seats Tor ladles, but it was given up when the pressure for admlsdion was felt. Secretary CarllEle Epent the day with friends and was also called upon by repre sentatives of the press, who asked again aud again his position with regard to the Kentucky senatorslup. To all these his reply was that he was not a candidate now for that or any otlier office. The beguming of the address was delayed by a strict demonstration of considerable magnitude. It was fc 5 when the crowd at the doors parted and Secretary Carlisle aud Congres&nm Afberay, accompanied by M. E. lupalls.Gen M.cbael Ryan, assfstant United States Treasurer, entered the ball. BEGAN HIS ADDRESS. Shortly afterward tlie working clubs entered to tlie stirring airs by the band: "Old Kentucky Home" and "Dixie," fol lowed by the plaintlve"Auld Lang Syne," Twenty minutes later Hon. Mr. Asbery Introduced the speaker in a brief speech, in which he paid a high compliment to tlie man who, under the most difficult cir cumst.uiees, had faithfully administered his high office. After a tumult of applause, Mr. Carlisle began his address. Iu the opening portions of his speech the Secretary made the significant remark !''? . :?' ."?. ."?- .'.. sre i st So o? su o rirv resentatlves, and that he did not appear In the State in the Interest of any candidate. His interest in the solution of the ques tions now pending was precisely the same as that of any other American citizen who desired to see his countrv prosperous and happy. The Secretary then dis cussed the financial, commercial, and industrial depression, the condition of the revenues when Mr. Cleveland first went out of office and President Harrison's administration. Continuing, he said "Whether we shall continue to pre- -servo our exKuug " n in , ,b SS,Z Fourth-That the committee instructed der which all tbe dollar In use. whether the pwecution-of its work, and in Its they be gold, silver or P3;'1 I rrport to the next assembly to give fulicon-pchaslngpowerinthemaetH.orpro- SIderatlou to Xfc 9 of the concurrent -vide Jx law iorthefreejmdMlUwi dIaraUoas of the umotr compacot. age of silver cfoltars containing -; i&O . In its relation to these seminaries grams of standard -silver and make thpv , BoTC under gynodlcal and Presbyterian coH the units and measures of value in the ex- trol change ot commodities and in the pay- rn'v,FTnr.mnr7, MimRmnTV. ment of debts, is by far the most important COSEKYATrSTES MADE BOLDERV question that has been presented for tha consideration of the American peopleduring this generation, and that question now confronts us. " MEADE IS ItEr REMANDED. "Tarnished "by Conduct at Variance with a Commendable Career." The P resident bas retired Admiral Meade, on his own application, and in doing so has administered a severe rebuke to him. The Admiral's application was made to the Secretary of the Navy May 9 , and by him forwarded to the President, who yesterday returned It to the Navy De partment, with this endorsement: "Executive Mansion, May 20, 1895. "The within Tecomramendation is ap r- proved, and Rear Admiral Richard "W. Meade Is hereby retired from active service In the Navy, pursuant to Section 1433 of j me iicviseu oiuiuica. 'The President regrets exceedingly that the long, active service ot this officer, so brilliant in its early stages, and so often marked by honorable Incidents should, at its close, be tarnished by conduct at vn- riance with a commendable career, and in- consistent, with the example wh.ch ait of- , licer ot his h'gu ranK suouiu iuriutu 01 subordination aud submiEsion to the re straints of wholesome discipline and mani fest propriety. "GROVER CLEVELAND." EIGHTEEN FIREMEN HURT. Larpro Tobacco Factory in Havana Destroyed by Iiiceiullarls.ni. Havana, May 20 Fire broke out at 3 o'clock this morning in the tobacco and cigar factory known as the Flour de Metre, which contained a large amount ot stock hcloncrintr to Esianillo. Bpfore the flames were under control damage estimated at $130,000 was done J y God's people. The day is unmistak "Whlle fighting the fire eighteen firemen aWy l0i,ms its hold upon the masses. were Innured. two of whom will die. Two hundred persons have been thrown out ot work by the destruction of tlie factory. The conflagration Is believed to have been on incendiary origin. An anony mous letter had been received by the pro prietors ot the firm threatening to set fire to the factory unless money was sent to writer. Tho factory and stock were not injured. Capt. Brazon has defeated the band3 ot rebels commanded by Mestrc and Diaz in Rio Seco, near Gua'ntanamo. The Span ish artillery kept up an effective fire upon the rebels, who, in retreating, left two dead and three wounded. Major Calsro hasdefeated two hundred rcbelsatMorona, near Santiago de Cuba. Only one sol dier was killed. Arguments in Travers' Caso. The Court of Appeals yesterday heard ar gument in the case of James L. Travera, under sentence to hang on July 19, and took the case for decision. The court will hold no more regular sessions till Juno 3. Hurt in 11 Cave-in. Moses "Wilson, colored, had bi3 leg broken yestorday while working on an excavation on Florida avenuo near 16th. The bank caved in and he was almost buried. Ha was sent to Freedman's Hospital. Miss Herbert to Be Presented. London, May 20. At the next drawing room among those who will be presented are MiS3 Herbert, daughter of Mr. Hilary A. Herbert, Secretary of the United State3 Navv: Misses Peck, of Chicago, and Mrs. '"William Draper and Mrs. Neal. Divorced with All Her Names. Louisville, Kyi, May 20. Mrs. Mary .Shreves Goodloe Ransom Bullott was di vorced this nioming from Col. Cuthbert Bullett. This ends a sensational di vorce case. Both parties are well known throughout the United States. Drastic Measures Likely to Be Taken Astilnst the Students of Union Sem- lnary Overwhelming Affirmative "Vote Regarded as a Declaration of WarMovement to Gain Control. , Pittsburg, May 20. This afternoon by a vote of 432 to 98 the Presbyterian gen eral assembly decided to continue the move ment which is intended to give thaassembly absolute control over Its theological sem inaries. The resolutions and recommenda tlons.whlchwereadoptedbyoverwhelmning majorities, are given below. An attempt to get a yea and nay vote failed for lack of a vote of one-third of tho commissioners In its favor, only 105 responding to the demand. The result of the vote was a surprise to even the best ob servers, and it was credited to some extent to the letter published this mornlug pur porting to reveal a "liberal" plot to secure tho moderatorshlp for a supposed liberal candidate. Jubilation marked the faces or those who supported the resolutions of the con ference committee and the features of m?tor aDd cIcrk were- eathed in smiles. The resolutions as they were adopted were as follows: SAFE GTTARDS AGAINST MISUSE-. First That it Is thesense of this Assembly that the Assembly of 1894 did not intend to prepare the way for any change in the tenure or management of the property of the seminaries, or do anything which: can affect the anatomy of the femlnnnes, and that the said recommendations were intended to have the meaning and effect as recited in this committee's report. This Assembly, in reaffirming the resolu tion of the Assembly of 1894, does so with the avowed purpose of leaving the tenure and title to all property of tlie seminaries exactly where they are now, m the aand3 of the various boards of trustees, and with the further purpose of securing the veto power to th Assembly as an effective suaSiiS irkszai:S force by charter provision and of safe- -istsiiSiair- "- AIMED AT ALLTHE SEMINARIES. Second That this General Assembly re affirms the action of the assembly of 1894, and in view of the progress made aad the portance of the Interests involved, de clares that in Its Judgment tbe effort should be continued to secure the adoption, in substance, ot the assembly's plan by alt tbe seminaries. Third That a committee be appointed to have fu rther charge or this matter. ad. to l make report to the nextGenaral Assembly. r 'Their great success promises to era bo Idea the Conservatives for drastic- measures against the students of Union Seminary, The vote to-day wa3 a declaration of war to the knife, and the only end will be sur render or secession. A fraternal letter wa3 sent to the General Assembly of the Southern Presbyterian Church at Dallas, Texas. The afternoon session was occupied by the continuation of Gov. Beaver's address i by a speech of Rev. Halsey B. Stevenson, representmc Auburn Theological Seminary, and by Dr. Charles E. Knox, president ot 1 the German seminary at Newark, N. J, These speeches were all able, bit hadprob ablyhttle effect on the voteof the assembly. SABBATH LOSLVG ITS HOLD. Despairing View Taken hy the South ern Presbyterian Assemhly. Dallas, Texas, May 20. At the fourth day's session ot the Southern Presbyterian General Assembly the judicial committee made a partial report on the appeal case of Rev. D. B. Greer, from the Western Texas Presbytery to the General Assem- , Wy A lrial Dy commissioners was agreed to, but the parties and commissioners were appointed, one from each synod, to try tho case. Rev. Dr. Gree is charged with being unsound doctrlnally. He had charge in the "West Texas. P resby tery , and I nterpreted tr standards In such a manner that he got himself Into trouble with the brethren. The presbytery was appealed to, and found against Dr. Greer's interpretation. He appealed to the synod of Texas, and the synod affirmed the findings of the pres bytery. The report of the committee on the observance ot the Sabbath takes a gloomy view ot the future. The general trend is In the direction of looser views and practices and whatever may be affirmed The report cited the Sndlr Mens case, decided by the last general assembly at its meeting at Nashville. Tenn. Miss Mens was a telephone girl at Columbia, S. C. She was placed on trial for non observance of the Sabbath by her church. The general assembly refused to cast oat Miss Mens, and that decision, the com mittee submits, should be reviewed by the present general assembly. MRS. CLEVELAND'S SELECTION. Steamship St. Louis Colors Are Bed, "White and Blue- Philadelphia, Pa,, May 20. Mrs. Cleve land on Saturday completed the christening of the new .Amoncan Line steamship St. Louis by selecting from the International code or s-guals the group or Hags which are to indicate "St Lcuis.of New York." Every sea -going merchant vessel carries four Hags to indicate her name and home port. Mrs. Cleveland selected for the sfgnal3 of the St Louis Hags conipored entirely of red, white and blue. The first Hag con sists of one red and one white stripe, perpendicular; tho second of a whiteground with a blue FQcare in tho center; the third of a blue ground with a white square in the center, and the fourth of red, whito aud blue in three perpendicular stripes. Central American Dnton Advocated, Managua, via Galveston, May 21. Pres--Ident Zalaya gave a grand banquet to-night to the special envoys or Honduras, Salva dor and Gautemala. It Is said that tho meeting of these statesmen was for tha porpose of advocating tho union ot the Central American States to take action against the importation of European pro ductions, awl to devise meaos agnfest foreign collection ot damages, such as that recently mre&ieneu uy ureuu oimu. THE "IV BATH EB TO-DAY. Fair; slight changes in temperature geu- entity easterly winds.