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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1901-1902, July 10, 1901, Image 4

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WEDNESDAY JULY 10 1901
y Publication Oflce
THE HXTXCIIIrS BTJIXXJESTG
Pennsylvania Avenue
Subscription by Klatl Ono Years
MORXINO EVENINO AND SUNDAY SOOO
MOltMNQ AND SUNDAY 4 CO
Lvknino am Sunday 4-
St MAVONLY 100
Monthly by Cnrrlcr
Honsiso Kvexino ai Sunday Fifty cents
JloitMvo and Sunday Tlilrty flvc cchLi
Evening andSuday Thutyfioe cents
THE TIMES COMPANY
Washington D C
Clirulntinu
Tbe circulation of The Times for the week
ended Jnh 6 1M1 af as follows
Sunday June SO 1957
Jlond July 1 1S
Tuesday July i 89374
edneuiav Julv 3 S844S
Tliureday July J So
Fndav July 5 S91M
Saturday July 6 3970
Total 251803
Daily avenge Sunday 1957 excepted 35673
TIic Cubnn Revolutionary Honils
There may be no connection between
the two matters but it is perhaps a
coincidence that Maximo Gomez is
Mardly out of the country before news
paper men heur at the War Department
that this Government is not disposed to
interfere to prevent the payment by the
Cuban Government -when formed and
recognized of the bonds issued by the
revolutionary junta in New York in aid
of the cause of Cuban liberty The close
relations existing between Gomez and
Tomas Estrada Palma who was the
head of the junta and who if anybody
does knows how many of the bonds
in question have been exchanged for
cash or other considerations renders
it probable that the social visit of the
old Cuban General to the States may
have been not wholly unconnected with
the financial subject referred to
Considering the esoteric nature of the
juntas proceedings during the last two
years of the insurrection against Spain
and also the fact that the public is not
advised that Estrada Palma ever has
reported in detail the money operations
of his body 10 anyone there may be
room for doubt that the United States
Government aught In any way to sanc
tion in advance a settlement by the
new republic of a debt the proportions
and bona fides of which are unknown
In taking this position no doubt we
shall antagonize the feelings and inter
ests of the syndicate in New York and
Havana reported to be behind the j
scheme of liquidation As The Times
understands friends of Estrada Palma
assert that not more than ten million
dollars of the Cuban bonds are extant
lut his critics and they appear to be
not a few believe that were the as
sumption by the Cuban Government of
whatever debt may be out provided for
the aggregate sum to be paid would
be found nearer fifty than ten mil
lions and they also insinuate that this
or any amount would represent but a
very small total of cash aid to the late
insurgent authorities
However that may be where there
seems to be so much opportunity for j
the successful operation of a job the
Administration should be very chary of
announcements favorable to the as
sumption of this debt by Cuba at least
until its nominal volume and the rela
tion of the same to what has been ac
tually received from the sale of bonds
has been ascertained The subject is
one which demands careful investiga
tion It would be the reverse of kind
ness to the people of Cuba to promote
a scheme the object of which should be
to make them pay par for paper negoti
ated at vastly less or In some cases dis
posed of possibly without reasonable
consideration
Ilnnna for the Presidency
For some weeks there has been c sol
emn stillness In Republican circles upon
the subject of Presidential candidates
The friends of Senators Beveridge
Fairbanks and Foraker have all been
profoundly silent upon the subject of
their favorites
There never was any reason for the
mention of either of the Indiana Sena
tors in such a connection and very lit
tle for the suggestion of Mr Forakers
name Beveridge and Fairbanks wfluld
be very likely to split the Indiana dele
gation while it goes almost without
saying that Foraker could not carry the
delegation from Ohio for the good and
sufficient reason that Mr Hanna would
not allow him to do so In very truth
the claims of Mr Hanna himself are of
such strength as to make the mention
of any other name appear positively
silly
Bpth of the Indiana Senators are un
wavering followers of the Administra
tion and have supported it In every
move but after all they have been
mere echoes and are in no sense Presi
dential timber As Presidential candi
dates they are so very uninteresting as
to make the simple mention of their
names give one n tired feeling As for
Mr Foraker he has not even been a
consistent supporter of the Administra
tion and that alone would dispose of
him He Is tolerated as a Senator from
Ohio because he has a personal follow
ing in the Buckeye State which cannot
be safely Ignored but the idea of Sky
Rocket Joe as a Presidential candi
date or even possibility cannot be en
tertained at Republican headquarters
for a moment
This Is the midsummer season and
people are not discussing politics to
much as they do when it is cooler
Still even in the heated term it should
never be forgotten that the Republican
party really has but one man who is
entitled to serious consideration as im
perial timber He is the man who has
not been merely an obedient follower of
the Administration but one who has
been its inspiration and its master
That man Is Ohios Junior Senator M
A Hanna The Times has said this be
fore but In Justice to Mr Hanna it can
not be too often repeated Republics
are proverbially ungrateful and the
Itepublicn party may be equally so To
refuse just recognition to Mr Hanna
would be an act of the basest ingrati
tude the worst in fact that has ever
taken place la the political history of
the country
Many Republicans seem to think that
he would not do because of his dubious
political methods but that is illogical
and unjust The fact cannot be too
Btrcngjy emphasized that the Repub
lican party is no better than its chosen
leaders and political managers With
out the methods of Mark Hanna It
would have been Impossible for the Re
publicans to have won either In 1SDG or
In 1WXJ As for his views on the leading
X
political questions of the day Mr Ban
na is a Republican of Republican He
not only stands for everything that the
Republican party stands for but he is
courageous enough to do It openly and
aboveboard No sneaking around and
hiding under the bush with him He
believed that it was right for the Gov
ernment to be robbed by the armor
plate manufacturers and lie did not hes
itate to defend the robbers He thought
it proper to loot the Treasury in order
to enrich a few big compunies engaged
in the shipping business and ho was
not afraid to say so on the floor of the
Senate He thinks that the Dingley
Iaw is perfection and boldly declares
his belief He looks upon the trusts as
great public benefactors and proclaims
his opinion in language that cannot be
misunderstood More than this even
he is not content merely to defend the
trusts he is cheek by jowl with them
he is of them At this very time he is
hobnobbing with Mr Morgan and it is
said is endeavoring Jo form a bitumi
nous coal trust which will be an ad
junct of the great steel combine
What more can the Republicans ask
for in a Presidential candidate Do
they want somebody whom they can
sneak In under false pretences Surely
the grand old party has not fallen so
low as that As a mere partisan prop
osition it may be none or our concern
whom the Republicans nominate but In
a broader sense it is the concern of
everybody In the country- The Repub
lican party comprises a large segment
of the American electorate In so
nnrtnnt si mnftpr n n Tresiilnntlnl
ination The Times is anxious that this
great political organization should not
make the double mistake of stultifying
itself and at the same time doing rank
injustice to one who under existing cir
cumstances is the ideal Republican
candidate
An AbNlntlic War on HiiKlnnd
The wild absinthine patriots and phi
lanthropists of the Quartier Latin in
Paris are quite unconscious that they
are funny but they are nevertheless
An interesting illustration of the fact is
furnished in the organization and pro
gramme for the celebration on July 11
of an association styling itself the
Transvaal Volunteers who are repre
sented as denizens of the quarter men
tioned As far as appears no member
of the cult ever was in truth a Trans
vaal or any other kind of volunteer in j
an enterprise Involving risk of life or J
limb but the official title of the society
sounds sanguinary and its purposes as
expounded by its president contain ev
ery necessary element of Lion baiting
and so doubtless the Volunteers are
happy
In the words of their noble chief
what they intend to do Is first to hold a
meeting on the Fourteenth at the Place
de la Sorbonne and march in proces
sion toward the Grand Boulevards
This announcement alone ought to
spread a sickening thrill of terror eer
Albion perfide but what is to follow is
calculated to paralyze the British Gov
ernment M Castanie president of the
avengers in an Interview says that
we must fight the English by means
of an economic and social boycott We
must no longer buy English products
or buy in shops Felling English goods
We must ask all restaurateurs and mal-
tres dhotel to post up a notice at their
doors Xo English allowed here
Think of that How can the British
monarchy survive when it and the peo
ple it represents shall no longer be per
mitted to visit Paris and Fpend ten
francs for a three franc table dhote
dinner But there Is worse to come
M Castanjg caps the climax of horror
when he declares We must obtain
from the Transvaal Government au
thorization to distribute letters of
marque A number of captains are
ready to arm privateers to destroy Brit
ish commerce Let Salisbury tremble
The Transvaal Volunteers of the
Quartier Latin are going to distribute
letters of marque a new and exceed
ingly Frenchy way of establishing a
private navy
There is one kind of business institu
tion in the French capital dear to the
hearts of the Volunteers which they
will not have to boycott and whose in
fluence Is luridly seen in their declara
tion of war upon England We refer
of course to the absinthe shop
In a Tailor a Laborer
A singular case and one Involving
grave complications has arrived at the
front in San Francisco Six wealthy
Chinamen all of whom had been In the
United States before came from China
on a steamship Two of them satisfied
the immigrant Inspectors that they
were merchants because they gave sat
isfactory evidence that their intention
was to start in the commission busi
ness and they were permitted to land
But the other four claiming to be mer
chant tailorp and bent upon engaging
In the useful and creditable occupation
which the term implies were refused
entry The local immigration authori
ties decided that a tailor is not a mer
chant but only a prosperous laborer
On appeal to the Secretary of the
Treasury the matter was referred to
Solicitor OContell and he rendered an
opinion endorsing the action of the In
spectors The quartette of Chinamen
were about to be deported when it oc
curred to the Treasury people that per
haps Attorney General Knox might be
able to define the true status of a tailor
better than others and so the matter is
held in abeyance until his official views
on this weighty issue can be ascer
tained when it Is believed In the Ad
ministration circle they will fit the
facts and the law like the paper on the
wall and not need to be taken in at the
shoulders or cased a little bit in the
seat
Much depends upon the decision of
Mr Knox concerning the question since
itls one affecting not only Chinese but
Americans who are free to admit that
they ate not laborers merely because
they slt cross legged on a bench and
sew garments with an industry worthy
of a better cause but are manufactur
ers iiince they use raw materials con
sisting largely of alleged foreign woolen
fabrics imported from New York and
New England and farmers satin
which they tj ansmute into a finished
product merchantable either on a strict
ly cash basis or the installment plan
hey also concede that they are not
only manufacturers but merchants In
that they maintain places of business
for the exhibition and sale of their
handiwork
With Impatient interest the country
will wait at the feet of the Attorney
General to find out what tailors really
are A year ago when the Constitution
was supposed to be In Its pristine glory
we should not have entertained any
doubt regarding the outcome But now
since the ancient landmarks have been
VPmJ Wl ry33S3 1 nil iWiiHSW ijw ajjgBawSB
THE TIMES WASHINGTON WEDNESDAY JULY 10 1901
removed or defaced more or less no on
knows what to expect Our hope of
course Is that Mr Knox will stand by
the craft which has given our country
two Presidents cne by name and the
other by occupation We refer to
Zaehary Taylor and Andrew Johnson
It may be said also to have furnished
us with a most distinguished campaign
contributor and Postmaster General in
the person of John Wanamaker who if
we mistake not is a merchant tailor as
well as other things and will remain so
unless the Government should deter
mine to define him and his kind as
merely well-to-do and successful but
still ordinary or common laborers
There Is one consideration which in
clines us to believe that the Chinamen
though tailors will be allowed to come
In as merchants if not as both mer
chants and manufacturers Nothing
could be more notorious than that
tailors here and everywhere else in the
world form the largest and most ac
tive creditor class in the community
And who ever heard of the McKinley
Administration doing anything to in
jure the interests or feelings of a credi
tor class
Mlllionnlrc IlogcrH Will
The error in the codicil to the will of
the deceased millionaire J S Rogers
is about as curious as the will itself
Evidently the testator intended to leave
a nephew seventy five thousand dollars
but instead of saying so the provision
reads seventy five thousand thou
sand It Is Intimated that the error
may affect the validity of the will
This however is not likely The error
is merely a clerical one and the mean
ing is reasonably clear The testator
certainly did not mean seventy five
thousand cents for that form of expres
sion Is never used in business transac
tions for the naming of such sums
Neither can it possibly be held to mean
millions for that would represent a sum
about ten times what the testator was
worth
Courts have frequently corrected such
errors and considering all the circum
stances there should not be much dif
ficulty in ascertaining what the testa
tor Intended which is always the
point sought But if the heirs are de
termined to contest the will they will
make the most of the error They may
urge it as a circumstance tending to
show the unsound mental condition of
Mr Rogers In connection with other
things it might have some importance
although standing by itself it Is a less
serious mistake than many that have
been rectified by probate courts The
general disposition is to uphold vrlVs
whenever it can be done with a reason
able showing of right
HI Indent on IIorxeN
Time was when blinders were part of
the harness of every well regulated
horse as much as the check rein was
It was deemed essential that the horse
should pay strict attention to business
and see nothing but the road ahead of
him The horses feelings in the matter
were not thought of and this is not sur
prising It has not been so very long
since human beings were thought to
need blinders also
Whether breadth of thought and fear
lessness in general on the part of the
present generation has anything to do
with it or not certain It Is that blinders
are not so often seen on horses as they
used to be The humanitarian move
ments of the past century have caused
or accompanied the study of animal
psychology and some effort has been
made to discover the feelings of animals
in certain situations either by Imagin
ing the sensations of human beings in
the same conditions or by closely
watching the animal Itself It does not
take very much Investigation of this
sort to enable one to see that things
half perceived are more terrifying as a
rule than those of which a fair view
can be had The horse harnessed In the
old time fashion and going at a rapid
gait got a glimpse of something which
he did not understand usually at one
side of the road or In a field He had
no time to Investigate the thing and see
what It was It might be a piece of
brown paper it might be the branch of
a tree it might be a shadow or It might
be an unknown and terrible enemy It
must be remembered that the keen and
sensitive brain of the horse Is In the
main extremely useful He perceives
things which the duller senses of man
fail to note and more than one Instance
has been known of the horse averting
some danger from his rlder simply
through his quicker perception
This keenness of vision and of in
stinct however Is of little use when no
time or chance Is given for full appre
hension of the situation The blinders
absolutely prevent this If the animal
wishes to see clearly what the perplex
ing object is by the side of his path he
must stop suddenly or shy to get a
good view of It and the Immediate con
clusion of the driver is that fright ner
vousness or loss of what in a human
being would be called self control must
account for the action On the con fr7
it is precisely the course wh h a
human being would take in a s iai
predicament Without the bllnderr th
horse could see everything on the r i
at the side of It or in the fields for some
distance ahead with them sudden at
tacks of nerves are practically Inevita
ble unless the animals Intelligence is
dulled or it comes to understand thor
oughly that monsters of frightful mien
are not to be met with on ordinary
roads
There Is another aspect of the case
not to be overlooked To any being
human or of the brute creation the fear
of a blow from behind or in the dark
is more terrifying than the apprehension
of one in the face When the horse has
seen something within the limited
range of vision allowed by the blinders
but not clearly enough to understand
its nature to pass that object Implies
the possibility of an attack from the
side where there is no defence or
means of warning It would be non
sense to say that the horse does not
reason clearly about this The power
of elementary reasoning begins in the
youngest animals as soon as they are
old enough to seek food and avoid a
blow The nnimal which deliberately
turns its back upon danger must be
either fleet footed hoping to escape or
must be defended by siinc sort of a
carapace It is the instinct of every
living creature to meet Its enemy If It
has fo be met face to face The in
stinct which prompts the horse to avoid
passing a possible danger Is stronger
than training
The trainers of horses may not have
thought all this out In analytical form
but many of them have arrived at the
conclusion by a very simple process of
Induction that a horse will be less like
ly to shy or get frightened if he can see
all around him than If he Is half blind
and they have tried the experiment of
mtiJmTStifrlilto friniflifrH
leaving off thaT part of the harness and
found it a jjooij one The result is that
runaways are not as common as they
used to be and that horses in general
are better -trained for family use In
short the hprHes nerves being relieved
from a strain are more easily con
trolled
The disclosures of the London Dally
Mall concerning the suppression of
atrocity and pretty much eery other
kind of uncomfortable news from South
Africa have created n decided sensation
in England Military men arc growling
and say that forgone thing the course
of the Government means that Lord
Kitchener is being hampered by the War
Olllce and Is not allowed the free hand
to deal with tho situation which alone
could insure success Eiglish Radicals on
the other hand interpret the rigid pres3
censorship as indicating that the stories
of devastation and cruelty on the part of
British troops are true and they nro ac
cordingly denunciatory of the authori
ties Between the criticisms of his own
party and the opposition one would think
that tho Marquis of Salisbury would
throw a fit every time ho saw Joseph
Chamberlain or thought about Cecil
Rhodes
As everybody Is aware It was tho ad
vent of McKinley prosperity ot which
Marcus A Hanna was the advance agent
and barker that caused crop shortages in
Europe for a series of years thereby en
abling the American farmer to market
his large surplus at good prices This
year it seems probable that unless tho
Administration can lay In with Provi
dence nnt avert the danger the harvests
of the OM World will be too prolific for
the comfort of our agriculturists It -Is
prcdlctd that the English wheat crop
will reach ah average of fifty eight and a
quarter bushels per acre while the
French Spanish and Italian crops prom
ise maximum returns All tho slgrs
point to excellent harvests In o sufficient
number of foreign countries to menace
American prices and the market for our
cereal surplus
It is reported that the Ordnance Bu
reau of the Navy Department has re
quested the Carnegie and Bethlehem Steel
Companies to Increase the capacity of
their plants so as to avoid delay In the
completion of battleships and that the
companies have de lined to do so unless
the Government t Ill Increase its orders
for plate Contemporaneously it Is re
ported that the Cramps have a claim of
two hundred and sixty four thousand dol
lars against the Government on account
of delay In furnishing armor for tho bat
tleship Alabama AH of this merely goes
to show that It would be a good thing for
the Government to have an armor plato
plant of Its own
The good people of Johnson County In
western Missouri have been suffering
from drought Recently they fired oft no
end of dynamite thinking that might
cause the skies to weep but tho same
glared at them with dry and bloodshot
eyes Now they have abandoned physi
cal efforts and nro trylnff the absent
treatment depending upon daily prayer
meetings as ruin makers If they only
had the sense to advertise a Sunday
school picnic at a short date it would
find them drenched to their hearts con
tent Nobody ever knew that means to
fail
Tho army canteen question has been
academically disposed of by tho order of
AVhite Ribboners whose central authority
has decided that if barrels of ice -water
were conveniently distributed around
army posts the men would never think of
wanting any other beverage The Inti
mate acquaintance with the military
character whlcITthls proposition Indicates
is on all fours with the almost miracu
lous grasps of the soldiers needs display
ed by the hysterical sisters who had the
canteen abolished at the late session of
Congress
No judgment has yet been rendered in
the asphalt cases The High Federal
Court of Venezuela has yet to decide the
question of Its Jurisdiction on appeal from
the affirmative decision of Its president
sitting as a Judge of examination The
matter Is not likely to come before tho
tribunal on Its merits for some time to
come Pending final adjudication the Ad
ministration appears to think that there is
nothing to be gained by scaring the Vene
zuelans with American war ships Should
the decision ultimately go against the
trust a different policy might be pur
sued
PERSONAL
Edward Kimball whose Influence con
vened Dwight L Moody and who de
voted his lifetime to paying off church
debts died recently at the age of seventy
eight rtTs activity for encumbered
churches began in 1877 and since that
time it la said he had raised 15000000 for
paying off debts of various churches
Dr Richard Cecil Hughes the new
President of RIpon College Is one of the
youngest educators In America to occu
py the high post of a college president
Ho was born In Ohio In 1861 and Is de
scended from six generations of Welsh
Presbyterian clergymen After his pre
liminary education at Wooster and
Princeton Universities he entered McCor
mick Theological Seminar at Chicago
and was graduated thence in 1SS7 Ho
btcame professor of philosophy In Tabor
College In 1S31 and later president of that
institution
Jose dOllvares a well known writer
en Western and Southern subjects has
Ven appointed representative of the
j Louisiana Purchase Exhibition at the
I Pan American Exposition
Prof R L Perkins formerly teacher
of New Testament Greek and Hebrew at
the Lay College Revere and for a dozen
years teacher of the former course at
the Gordon Missionary Training School
and Young Mens Christian Association
has received an Invitation from C L
Scofield President of the Northfleld
Training School of Northfleld Mass to
give a course of lessons there during the
coming yenr
The death in his seventy sixth year of
George Elmer the founder of German
journalism in Australia is announced
from Adelnfde Elmers paper Die Aus
tmlische Zeltung Is still published
The will of George W Armstrong of
Boston bequeaths 5ono to tho Massa
chusetts Institute of Technology to be
called the George Robert Armstrong
fund In honor of his only son The same
amount Is given to Bates College beenuse
It so largely aids in the education of
poor boys
Lieut Gov William A Northcott
of Illinois who Is mentioned as the
next United States Senator from thut
State Is a friend of Governor Yates and
a native of Tennessee the son of a strong
Southern Unionist He was educated at
Annapolis but took to the law and has
practiced In Illinois for several years
C W Marx professor of mechanical
englneering In the University of Missouri
has resigned to accept appointment to the
professorship of engineering in the Uni
versity of Cincinnati
Although seventy six years old tho
Rev Dr J G Paton the famous mission
ary to the Now Hebrides Islands is about
to return to his field of labor after a visit
to this country ar l England
Paul W Llnebarger of Chicago who
has been appointed a United States judge
to act in the Philippines was born in
Warren 111 In 1SC9 He attended Chicago
public schools and tho Northwestern and
Lalte Forest Universities Ho studied law
In Paris nnd was admitted to the bar In
1S93 then after two years in Heidelberg
University ho began the practice of law
In the Spanish war he served as lieuten
ant of cavalry Mr Llnebarger speaks
and writes Spanish i
FOREIGN TOPICS
A recently published parliamentary re
port contains the replies to a despatch
which Lord Salisbury sent to the British
representatives In Belgium France and
Germany asking for information con
cerning the facilities for locomotion and
the special fares accorded to worklngmen
in the neighborhood of tho large cities
It appears that on the Belgian State rail
ways a single journey ticket good for
six working days for any dlstnncc within
three miles or a little more costs a trifle
over 10 cents Beyond that the prices in
crease In a slightly decreasing proportion
for instance the charge for a
journey is not quite 3 cents
per trip or about 17 cents for six
For return tickets the corresponding
prices are rather less than double Seven
day tickets can be obtained but Sunday
traveling Is slightly discouraged by a
rather higher rate Thero Is a special
tariff for greater distances the maximum
being about sixty two miles A working
man however can travel twenty five
miles daily from Monday to Saturday for
about 40 cents a week To claim these ad
vantages he must bo engaged on manual
not artistic work under the orders ot
others Similar reductions are made by
most of tho private railway companies
and the fares on light railways and tram
ways are also lowered at any rate be
fore and after certain hours of the day
The following arc the chief points of tho
French workmen3 superannuation bill as
explained in an address In tho Chamber
by M Guleysse Every workman under
sixty live Is to be subjected to a deduc
tion of one half cent a day if he Is under
eighteen and his wages arc below -10 cents
a day while above eighteen the deduction
-will bo one cent a day for wages between
10 cents and 1 and li cents if he has
higher wages Tho employer will contrib
ute an equal sum The money will be
paid in to a national treasury managed
by a commission at tho Ministry of Com
merce The money will then be handed
over to the calsse des depots ct consigna
tions which will invest It in Government
or local stocks After the age of fifty five
any workman can demand a pension
based on the payments made by himself
and the employer but If prematurely dis
abled while under tho age of sixty five
he can claim a pension supplemented by
a bonus from the State If his payments
represent at least 2000 days work If
such pension does not reach 40 per year
tho national treasury makes up tho de
ficiency The State contributes 73 per
cent to such deficits the department 15
per cent und the commune the rest Em
ployers who have organized superannua
tion pensions on their own account are
oxempted from the operation of the bill
Pensions up to 72 are t ot liable to judi
cial selzire Workmen who are sixty five
years of ago at the time the bill comes
Into operation will receive a pension not
exceeding 20 If they can prove that they
have done thirty years of work and for
such pensions an annual credit of 3000000
will be opened at the national treasury
Workmen under sixty five will be sim
ilarly dealt with on reaching that age
M Guleysse stated that the persons who
would benefit by the bill would according
to tho best calculations number 8300DO
The charge on the budget at the outset
would be 1400000 and in the eighteenth
year would reach a maximum of lSOOi000
after which it would decrease to 9000000
With tho quaint and striking phrase
ology which links our twentieth century
with the historic past King Edward VII
makes known his roval pleasure as to his
forthcoming coronation
It is an Interesting announcement
especially to tho present generation who
have had no personal experience of such
august functions Tho date of the cere
mony Is fixed for June next year and In
accordance with the usual form a com
mission Is appointed to investigate the
petitions and rights of those of our lov
ing subjects who claim and are bound to
do and perform divers services on the
said day and at the time of the conora
tlon
In one Important respect the model to be
followed is that which was It is believed
introduced by William IV and Queen Ade
laide in 1S31 The proceedings in West
minster Hall Including the banquet and
the feudal services attendant thereon
and the walking procession of all the es
tates of the realm are to be dispensed
with while the solemn rites In Westmin
ster Abbey are of course to be retained
The coronation of Queen Victoria on June
2S 1X58 was carried out on similar lines
There was however a State procession
attended by the foreign Ministers and
Ambassadors which made Its way from
Buckingham Palace by Constitution Hill
Piccadilly St James Street Pall Mall
Charing Cross Whitehall and Parliament
Street to the Abbey
Two things above all struck the Imag
ination of tho privileged spectators on
that auspicious occasion The dresses
were described as superb especially that
of Prince Esterhazy whose uniform seem
ed to ba encased in diamonds and at the
moment when the Archbishop of Canter
bury placed the crown on the Queens
head a sudden ray of sunshlne fcll on her
face The day had been dull said one
enthusiastic observer but the sunlight
on the diamonds made a kind of halo
round her head
The British soldier receives a shilling a
day the United States soldier the equiv
alent of Is 9d The American soldier has
better rations but Tommy Atkins has a
more liberal allowance for clothing In
other respects the conditions are about
the same except that the British Govern
ment pays pensions only to those who
are entirely disabled by wounds or sick
ness With all her wars the pension list
of Great Britain is not one fourth as
large as that of the United States The
annual appropriation of our Congress for
pensions would support the whole British
army
One sees retired soldiers employed In
various capacities They are given pref
erence in business houses They are used
by the district messenger companies and
receive certain privileges and considera
tions from the police and municipal au
thorities that are not granted to ordinary
people It is common for bank messen
gers janitors of buildings private watch
men and other men engaged In light em
ployment to wear military medals of hon
or which are always accepted as a good
recommendation You see newstands
and fruit stands at the street corners and
in the parks attended by men with sim
ilar decorations or with empty coat
sleeves and such privileges are esteemed
of great value
The famous French balloonist Comte
Henri de la Vaulx recently had a remark
able adventure In Paris One morning at
5 oclock the count with two friends
made an ascent from Cllchy a suburb
For fifteen hours they were becalmed
and unable to get clear of the suburbs
At nightfall It was decided to come down
The count would not land In a street on
account of the lamps nnd tho risk of ex
plosion so he cast anchor at the nearest
building bite A few hundred peoplo came
running up and In a few minutes tho
number rose to a few thousand They be
gan hustling one another The count ask
ed them vainly to keep at a distance In
the crush somebody was pushed under the
balloon and fainted from the smell of gus
The crowd then hooted Comte de la Vaulx
and his friends who were struck In the
faco Several rulfians struck matches and
threw them at the balloon The smaller
part of the crowd however sided with
the count and a general struggle follow
ed which was put an end to only by the
arrival of a strong force of police The
count says he believes that Central Afri
can savages would have behaved with
more decency
Holland proposes to close the Zuyder
Zee by a dike running from the North
Holland coast to the island of Wiering
and thence to the Frisian coast and to
drain parts of the closed sea The initial
plan involves the recovery In eighteen
years of lHOOHi acres of fertile land The
railway distanco between the provinces
of North Holland and Frelsland v111 be
shortened by thirty one miles The In
demnity to be paid to the Zuyder Zee fish
ermen Is estimated at 1S09000 The to
tal cost is estimated at 3S190000 The
entire plan will take from thirty to thirty-five
years to complete and some 500
OjO acre will bo reclaimed valued at
100000000 - -
in Mi1aMiitiil 11 f tfi
POLITICAL COMMENT
When the Cubans see an account of tho
bullfight that was held recently in
j ha they will doubtless com to the con
clusion that they are rapidly civilizing the
Americans Peoria Herald Transcript
If Mussollno lived In the Philippines in
stead of Sicily ho might not only be
pardoned but be made governor of a pro
vinceBuffalo Express
It is to bo booed that the United States
will ore long formally give in lt adhesion
to the International edict abolishing priva
teering War Is sufficiently terrible with
out the- added horror of the destruction
or conllscatlon of prlvnto property Min
neapolis Tribune
Now after Speaker Henderson has cer
tified to King Edwards friendship no
rude Congressman can havo the temerity
to Jar him by making an antl Engllsh
speech in the Record Pittsburg Dis
patch
Independence struggles hopefully in the
renr of the Constitution both oC Newport
and In Cuba New York World
According to Governor Yates of Illinois
Theodore Roosevelt is the choice of the
peojJe in the West for thcRepublican nom
ination for President three years hence
The more strenuous Mr Roosevelts po
litical friend become In booming him for
the Presidency the less likely is It that
he will recelte the nomination The coun
try can afford to receive philosophically
such utterance ni nf Onvminp
Yates rather thnn to view it with alarm
uosion transcript
It has been pointed out that no man has
ever been elected President of the United
State while he was a member of the
Federal Senate But so many public tra
ditions have been relegated of late to the
limbo of things outworn that this one
too may not escape The Bos Is In tho
Senate Wt should his followers hesi
tate to InsUl Um in the White House
Philadelphia iecord
Sooner I i the people of the Phil
ippines y a real taste of Ameri
can llbc ppresslon la not American
It is cor i to the apirlt that pervades
the American people They will gradunlly
galn ns the South won back Its rights
after the civil war and some day maybe
I years maybe decades in the future the
lul I lea lit l a
us coiiiroueu unuer me
American flag by their own people
Jacksonville Times Union
There Is no doubt that the Republican
party 13 the friend t the trusts It is
not stretching the truth to say that the
truts own that party Savannah News
Tjc protected interests have a good
thing in the sacred tariff and they know
It The people however and notably
some of the people who have heretofore
helped to build up protection arevbecom
injr alarmed at the result of their work
Philadelphia Record
The distinguished Britishers confirmed
expansionists and imperialists that they
are evidently found nothing to conflict
with their own principles in the celebra
tion with representatives of the devel
oped Western empire of an expanded
construction of the Immortal Declaration
of Independence which admits of its ap
plication In the East on the lines of their
own imperial and Christianizing policies
In Africa Charleston News and Courier
No lodge of colored Masons In the
United States is legitimate is the verdict
from headquarters So It would seem that
It Is easier for a negro to be a free man
than a Freemason Boston Herald
The people of Omaha are mad because
the Mexican bullfights they paid to see
did not produce fatal results If the
Omaha people want to see cattle killed
why dont they get up excursions to our
stockyards Chicago Record Herald
The wireless telegraph is not as great
a success as supposed Our Chauncey
has been unable to communicate with the
public while on his way to Paris St
Louis Republic
Freedom justice fairness and liberal
ity as understood In Pennsylvania will be
found In large type in our protective tar
iff and subsidy laws Chicago Chronicle
Dowie having rigged up a set of wings
Is now staying in nights through fear
that a committee may come forward and
furnish the feathers Des Moines Leader
Congressman Sulzer has sailed for Alas
ka and this looks like a good time for
Hortj Joe Chamberlain to rush in and
capture America Denver Republican
It Is pleasing to remember that the new
Governor of the Philippines is an Ohio
man But of course we are getting cal
loused to these Buckeye honors Cleve
land Plain Dealer
THIS STRENUOUS TRUSTS
Tama Wilson our famous Secretary
of Agriculture Is sure thai the Sugar
Trust will be smashed The end will come
through the production of the beet sugar
Very soon he declares all the sugar used j
by the people of the United States will be
extracted from tho beets raised on Ameri
can farms
This will effect the destruction of the
Sugar Trust by driving It out of business
The trust he says refines only Im
ported brown sugar while all the Ameri
can factories will furnish the finished
product and place It In entire readiness
for sale on the markets When all the
sugar consumed In the country Is raised
In the country tho trust will vanish
It does not seem to have worked that
way with Standard Oil No raw petro
leum Is Imported to be refined here neith
er do American refiners outside of the
trust supply the finished product and
place It on the markets The trust takes
the entire petroleum output owns all the
refineries and sells the only oil in use
It will be just so with the Sugar Trust
It owns the principal refineries and in
time will take Into the grasp of Its ten
tacles all the new refineries that will be
built to fill the demand caused by the In
crease of the beet crop The trust will
spread out Its operations as the amount
of the beet crop grows under the stimu
lating encouragement of Secretary Wil
son and other influences Chicago Chroni
cle
A STRIKING CONTItAST
A rather striking contrast is presented
by the care with which the heathen
though partially civilized Japanese pro
vide for bathing nnd cleanliness In the
city of Tokyo It Is stated there are S00
public baths at which 300000 people bathe
daily at a charge of a cent each for adults
and a reduced rate for children
Compare this heathen city with S00 pub
lic baths and 200000 clean heathens with
the city of Pittsburg with one public bath
and somo 100000 worklngmen and boys
whose main chance Is to dodge the police
and get baths in the not overclean rivers
Certainly If cleanliness Is next to godli
ness this city must bank heavily on the
latter quality to make a creditable show
ing in comparlhon with Tokyo Pittsburg
Dispatch
A STBIIN ItEIIUKE
Americans abroad says a Republican
newspaper celebrate the Fourth more
sensibly than do most Americans nt
home The former have dinners and they
make speeches To have a dinner and
listen to a lot of speeches Is the effete
Republican Idea of celebrating everything
from the Declaration of Independence to
the triumph of Dorsey or a Dudley with
Voap and blocks of live In a Presi
dential election What young American
worthy the name would not go without
his dlnntr and his breakfast and supper
also to whoop things up la the old way
on the Fourth The Belshazznr form of
celebration will not prevail In this coun
try until dry ret assails the vituls of the
Republic Chicago Chrtnicle
NO SECTIONAMSil
A most otiose question has arisen ns to
whether the next Democratic candidate
for the Presidency shall be taken fiom the
North or the South The Democratic party
knows no section In this great country
The mnln question is as to the personal
nvuilablllty of the candidate no matter
in what section may be his home Phila
delphia Record
ymBwaf5 iUJtWWWJIMIM fllMi4i
SOCIETY
Mr and Mrs E T Chamberlain Mr
Walter Wellman and Mr and Mrs Carl
Klngsley will sail for Europe tomorrow
on the Zeeland
Mrs Westlnghousc and Mr George
Weftlnghouse Jr will sail on the St
Paul tomorrow to Join Mr Westinghouse
who has been abroad for some time They
will return In September to spend tho
autumn at Ersklne Park their country
placft at Lenox Mr Uidegraff
Wentlnghouses secretary will accompany
the party
WashlngtQn guests af Buena Vista
Springs Hotel at Buena Vista Pa in
clude General Graham and family Mlsa
Katharine Taylor Admiral and Mrs
Franklin Miss Sands Mr H V Tulloch
and family Mrs Daniel Paul Mrs and
Miss Bullock Mr E L Plurab Mrs M
D Frank Mrs K A Taylor and sister
Messrs W B ami O L Whipple Mrs
E A Alexander and son Mrs M Stulch
and daughter Mrs R S Phoenix and
family Mlsa M Ledyard Mr and Mrs
John Cropper
The Mexican Ambassador Is at the Allen
cottage at Allenhurst N J
Mr ljrry R Wlmsatt wife
law and his sister Miss VIolett O WJm
satt formerly of Washington after six
weeks sojourn in the British Isles are
now touring Continental Europe They
will return to New York City In the early
rmi
Among the prominent Washlnstonians
registered at Capon Springs are Col
George A Woodward U S A Mrs
Woodward and Miss Woodward Col
Joseph K Garr Mrs James MeV
Mnckall two daughters and son Mrs S
C Kellogir Miss Kellogg Mrs C W Go
dey Miss Bessie Godey 3Irs Walter D
Wvllle and party Mlsa Davidson Mlsa
Glenn Mrs Rutherford Mrs George A
Mcllhenny Dr and Mrs F A Henry
Mbjs Elhle Henry Mr George Henry
Mrs H P Waggaman Messrs H P J
and George Waggaman and Mr Porter
Mrs W E Clark with her nieces Misses
Blanche and FIoreHee Hoopes arrived In
their pretty carriage on the 8th having
made the trip overland
Mrs E A Haines of Capitol Hill Is at
Asbury Park for a fw weeks
Mr George E Corson and Miss Edna
Lois Corson are visiting relatives In Mas
sachusetts
An engagement of general social Inter
est is that of Miss Eliza Cassatt of
Philadelphia daughter of Mr V J Cas
satt President of the Pennsylvania Rail
road Company to Mr W Plunkett Stew
art of Baltimore Miss Cassatt who
made her debut several wlntera aco has
since been one of the most popular lead
ers or the younger set In Philadelphia
She excels in outdoor sports and as a
horsewoman has few If any superiors in
America She was one of the first young
women in Philadelphia society to follow
the hounds and frequently exhibited at
the horse shows under saddle and other
wise some of the fine stock from her fa
thers Chesterbrook stables Two years
ago Miss Cassatt was the individual golf
champion of Philadelphia and she has
been seen on the links during the na
tional golf tournaments She has- also
taken prominent parts in half a dozen
amateur theatrical entertainments given
during the last few seasons With her
parents and her sister Miss Katharine
Kelso Cassatt Miss Cassatt will sail for
Europe today and will remain abroad till
early in the autumn
Miss Cassatts brothers are Major Ed
ward Buchanan Cassatt U S A ana
Mr Robert Kelso Cassatt2 who In -January
of last year was married to Miss
311nnle Drexel Fell a granddaughter of
the late A J prexel banker and philan
thropist and a daughter of Mrs Alexan
der Van Rensselaer On her mothers
side Miss Cassatt 13 a grandnlece of
James Buchanan who was President of
the United States
Mr Stewart who is a member of the
well known Baltimore family of jthat
name Is a son of the late Morton Stew
art who was at the head of a large Im
porting house His mother was a Miss
Lurman a cousin of Col Edward
Morrell and the aunt of the Misses Lur
man famous Baltimore belle3 Like Mtss
Cassatt Mr Stewart Is fond of horses
and outdoor sports and has often acted
as one of the Judges at the Philadelphia
horse show He belongs to the Green
Spring Valley Hunt the Maryland Bal
timore and other fashionable clubs Mr
Stewart who Is about twenty five years
of age Is one of the most popular mem
bers of his set From his father he in
herits a large fortune
Mrs Mary Elizabeth Gywn who died
recently in San Francisco was well
known here both before and after the
civil war She was the widow of United
States Senator William M Gwyn one of
the first Senators from California
Mrs Gwyn was the daughter of a Ken
tucky hotel proprietor named Bell When
only fourteen years old she rnarrIedAViI
liam Logan a surveyor and went with
him to Texaswhere he died In a short
time The widow married Dr Gwyn when
yet In her teens About the beginning
of the civil war Mrs Gwyn went to
Baltimore to live but her well known
sympathies for the Confederacy brought
consequences that Induced her to go to
Paris where she remained severar years
returning to this city when the war was
over While in Paris Dr and Mrs Gwyn
originated a scheme to colonize the Statu
of Sonora Mexico with ex Confederates
but it never culminated
Mrs Gwyns stay In Washington for
several years before the war as the wifo
of the California Senator Is stll remem
bered by many She was a benutlful
brilliant and diplomatic woman and be
came a power at the National Capital
During the latter years of her life sho
resided in California
Mr and Mrs F A Gray and daughter
of 1132 Q Street formerly of 1701 1 Street
left last week to spend the summer on
Chesapeake Bay Md
Mr and Mrs Dayton S Ward left Sun
day night for Swampscott on the north
shore of Massachusetts and later will go
to Brooklln on the coast of Maine
Mr Clarence E Bitcey of the Agricul
tural Department who has been in poor
health during the past spring left tho
city yesterday with Mrs Bracev and their
little daughter Vivian Marie for a three
weeks stay at the Scarborough hoiel
Atlantic City
Miss Mary Alice Whitzell and Mr Hor
ace J Donnelly both of this city were
married in Baltimore Monday at the resi
dence or the officiating minister the Rev
Dr Curtis Lee Laws
Cupt Lewis Bayley of the British Em
bassy is In New York where he Is reg
istered at the Fifth Avenue Hotel
Scnor J B Calvo the Coeta Rlean Min
ister Is a guest at the Hoffman House
New York
Mr George W Rea of this city Mr
Terence V Powderb Commissioner Gen
eral of Immigration and M S Ntshi of
the Japanese Legation are registered at
the Imperial Hotel New York
SLIGHTLY MUDIJLniJ
General Woodruff who was tha special
peace ambassador from the United States
to Spain after the Cuban unpleasantness
has been in London for a few days He
sails tomorrow In tho Deutschland Lon
don Dally News
And this Is fame The gentleman who
sailed on the Deutschland was Mr not
General Timothy L Woodruff Lieuten
ant Governor of New York Gen
Stewart L Woodford not Woodruff was
United States Minister t3 Spain before
the Cuban unpleasantness not special
peace ambassador after It Yet tlv Lon
don press wonders that American nevvs
papsrs are not more nccuiate consider
ing th admirable trans Atlantie cxamplei
set before trfem New YoU Tribune
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