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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1901-1902, July 13, 1901, Image 6

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i -- JiU tlglgi01ilieTJJF gPrmSm1 Ml yreggrv Ff
PuMfcciiioit Office
Subscription by Mall One Year
JlonxiNG Evening akdSundat SOoo
Evkniso AM Sdxdat 400
Sunday Only i 00
Monthly by Carrier
JlonxiN o Evening and Sunday nf rents
NonNiva and Sunday rwi p r wiM
Evenino and Sunday Tirtire cent
Wasiiimiton IJ C
t lirulutloii Ffntctneiit
The circulation of The Time for the
tmkd July 6 1901 ws aj follows
Sumhy June SO
Monday July 1
Tuesday July 2
AVednefda July S -
Thursday July t
Friday July
Saturday July 6 ----
Total S51C0S
Daily average Sunday 19567 excepted 3SG73
More MixMlonnry Troublcx
It is matter for congratulation that
American missionaries and their fami
lies are not involved in the native out
break reported from the Island of
Quelpart which is in the Yellow Sea
sixty miles south of Korea and belongs
to that country From the meagre ac
count we have of the occurrence it ap
pears that the island is the seat of a
flourishing French Catholic mission
which maintains a large school attend
ed by several hundred young Koreans
Recently trouble arose between the
missionaries and their pupils on one
hand and the populace on the other
A fight followed in which it is stated
fifteen of the islanders and three hun
dred of the mission pupils were killed
Hearing that two French citizens had
been murdered in the melee a French
ship went to the place but found the
objects of its visit alive and well and
so steamed away again
As a rule missionaries have fared
rather well in Korea of ate years but
the Quelpart episode seems to justify
a suspicion that hatred of their class
has swept over the Chinese border and
that they may not be as safe in the
future as in the past All the Asiatic
peoples resent their preseiee and their
propaganda and there is no room for
doubt that as long as they remain in
the Chinese and Korean dominions
there always will be trouble The point
to note is that if such a thing as the
slaughter of three hundred converts
can happen in the Hermit Kingdom
what are we to expect In the Chinese
Empire after the troops have been
Han the Inlveme a Limit
Prof J T See has an interesting
article in the July number of the At
lantic Monthly in which article he
discusses the question of whether the
universe is infinite Of course this is
a question which no finite wisdom can
solve with any certainty because the
proofs of necessity lie far beyond the
bounds of human powers of observa
tion and consequently of definite
knowledge In dealing with it we can
only surmise and reason upon the basis
of probabilities Therefore however
interesting the Investigation may be
the conclusion must be doubtfil and
At the very outset we are confront
ed by the perplexing query What Is
to be considered the universe When
the solar system is spoken of we- all
know what is meant It is the sun
and everything that is directly sub
ject to the attractive power of the cen
tral body It includes not only the
planets and their satellites but every
epeck of meteoric dust that floats with
in the range of the suns attraction
The fixed stars are supposed to be cen
tres of other similar systems and these
stars are much too numerous to be
counted By the naked eye but a few
thousand can be seen but the most
powerful telescopes bring many mil
lions into view In no direction Js
there any indication of a boundary line
regular or irregular beyond which
these shining bodies do not exist
Even If there appeared to be such a
boundary it would be by no means
conclusive The distances of the fixed
stars from us and from each otlfer
vary greatly the differences being so
vast in many cases as to be alrrtbst be-
yond the grasp of the human mind
Henee if by the aid of a high power
telescope we could discern what ap
peared to be a blank In space we could
not be certain that It was anything
more than an unusually long distance
between stars Nor could we toll how
many opaque bodies might He within
that apace any more than we can tell
how many there are In those parts of
the heavens to which our telescopic
vision extends
And this again brings up the ques
tion What is the universe We are
much in the habit of regarding the
term as covering merely the solar and
stellar systems but In a broader sente
the universe comprlses everything that
Is in existence So if we could dis
cover what appeared to be the outer
boundary of the star systems we would
still be completely iff the dark as to
what lay beyond But no indication
of any such boundary has ever been
found The invention of more power
ful telescopes simply enables us to see
more stars Not only is there no
proof that even the starry portion of
the universe has a limit but so far as
there are any proofs bearing upon the
point they are the other way
The natural disposition of the human
mind seems to be to reason tht there
must be a limit somewhere This how
ever may easily be because our own
minds are finite and we are In the
habit of dealing with things which do
have limitations We judge the uni
verse by our immediate surroundings
It is hard for us to imagine anything
which extends in every direction in
terminably but when we pause to con
cider the matter thoughtfully we find
It still more difficult to Imagine a point
at which the universe ends and noth
ing begins Even th ether through
which the stars roll in their eternal
courses may not be and probably can
not be fairly termed nothing What
It Is how far it extends or what it con
tains arc all far beyond our ken
The human mind is a marvelous
thing and is capable of extraordinary
development But after all Its circum
scribed environments limit its grasp
It might be capable of solving the mys
tery of the universe if the universe is
in fact limited and our human appli
ances were such as would enable us to
discover with certainty Its boundary
lines But until a limit is discovered
at least In some one direction we have
literally no proof that there is any limit
and we are simply wandering in the
field of conjecture The most learned
discussion brings us no nearer to the
detired solution and while Prof Sees
article is scholarly and replete with
mailers of absorbing interest upon the
main point of the enquiry it leaves ua
no wiser than we were
ItusNln fit Xien CluMinpr
Although the Russian Government
repeatedly has declared that it had not
the least idea of holding the city and
port of Nieu Cliwang permanently our
latest advices fiom China would seem
to indicate that such statements have
been either insincere or ele that the
St Petersburg authorities have
changed their minds on the subject
From all we fan gather Russia is
in full possession of the place the mu
nicipal administration of which is ex
clusively in Russian hands Where the
Bear plants his paw it is liable to le
main for all time
In this and other recent deelop
ments there Is a strong suggestion that
Russia is taking advantage of Great
Britains preoccupation in South Afri
ca to make hay while the sun shines
Apparently there Is no one Inclined to
oppose her save Japan and that Pow
T is not in the best condition for en
gaging in a costly war France of
course is complacent expecting com
pensation by and by Germany is able
to see the Czar plant himself in and
all over Manchuria Mongolia and
Turkestan with perfect equanimity
England Is tied hands and feet and Is
compelled to see her ancient enemy
strengthening the lines which menace
Anglo Saxon domination in India and
the Far East without the ability to
protest or strike a blow The mighty
Lion whose roar once set Europe shiv
ering with fear has been netted by a
few Boer farmers and is no longer a
prime factor In European affairs and
movements That is a very serious
consideration since one of its conse
quences may be the settlement among
the other Powers of questions in which
England has the most vital Interest
before she can find her teeth and feet
The Weather
While the weather in Washington for
the past few days has been quite bear
able a hot wave has rolled over the
Southern States rendering them like
an open furnace Thermometric reg
isters of from one hundred to one hun
dred and five were the rule on Thurs
day and a great deal of discomfort and
suffering are reported but strange to
say few heat prostrations
The people of the District have rea
son to be thankful that several re
freshing showers have intervened to
cool the earth in this locality and it
is to be hoped that such visitations may
not be infrequent for the next two
months Xo doubt we shall experi
ence other hot waves before the sum
mer is over but for the rest of the sea
son most of us will be prepared and
toughened by experience Compared
with other cities even considerably to
the north of up Washington has aver
aged pretty well in respect of heat this
year Itts about as cool an urban re
sort as any w know of this side of
Montreal That reflection we admit is
not calculated to keep down perspira
tion nor to ward off mosquitoes but it
is something in the way of relief to
know that our neighbors are suffering
worse than we do
KilillillO CItlZCUNillll
Among the objections urged to hav
ing the Philippines treated as Ameri
can territory covered by the Constitu
tion is that it will bring into the great
body of American citizenship pome
eight or ten millions of people who are
wholly unfitted for It and it is assumed
that in some mysterious although un
explained way the treating of a Fili
pino as a citizen will bring dire calam
ity to the Republic
Strangely enough this plea is seri
ously made by representatives of the
political organization which until this
new question came up always posed as
the especial champion of equal rights
for all men without regard to race
color or previous condition of servitude
It certainly Is an anomaly in politics
when a party that is willing and
anxious to see whole States of the
South turned over to he control of the
most ignorant of their population sud
denly takes the alarm at the thought
of the Filipinos being treated as Amer
ican citizens in their own native land
seven thousand miles from the nearest
portion of the American continent
The query naturally presents itself
How will the Republic be injured by
giving to -these people the status of
American citizens It would puzzle
any objector to answer It Is very true
that some of them might come to the
States claiming and exercising the
privileges of citizenship therein But
in the very nature of the situation
these would be exceedingly few in num
berthat is to say relatively few and
they would be of the very best class
es It goes without saying that the
members of the naked uncivilized
tribes of the interior of the large isl
and would never come save in rare
Instances for the double reason that
they do not want to and If they did
they could never raise money enough
In all their lives to bring them here
Any that might chance to come would
be drawn from the three or four mil
lions of the -population that have made
some advance in civilization and it is
self evident that these would not be
numerous enough to constitute a dis
turbing element of serious proportions
If they should become so the matter
could easily be regulated by the exer
cise of the police powers of the differ
ent States But those people are noted
for their intense love of their own
country and there is little danger of
their leaving it in any considerable
numbers especially as the climate of
even the warmer of the States would
be harsh and uncongenial to the Fili
The conferring of citizenship would
not mean that as a body they would
have a voice in governing the United
States That could only be when Con
gress in Its wisdom saw fit to admit
the Islands to statehood Citizenship
would merely entitle the Filipino to
the protection of the United States In
whatever land he might chance to be
and also assure him of government In
his own runny Isles that should be
free from every vestige of absolutism
With all its powers strictly limited by
the terms and provisions of the Feder
al Constitution That the Filipinos
should have such government Is even
more important to us than it Is to
them for nothing can be more danger
ous to true republicanism than the
placing of arbitrary power in the hands
either of the President or of Congress
But the real objection to having the
Philippines treated as American terri
tory is not that we may be harmed by
the absorption of a large body of in
ferior people That plea Is a mere sub
terfuge What the imperialistic shout
er actually fears Is that the trusts may
get hurt and the great body of t e
American people be benefited by He
free importation of Philippine products
Hide Train I ii K for Itritish Kecrull
Lord Roberts has decided that in fu
ture the use of the rifle must receive
prime attention in the training of re
cruits for the British service Sword
lance and bavonet exercises are con
sidered by him to be unimportant and
have been abolished
This is a most sensible decision and
it is not on the whole surprising that
it took so good a soldier as Bobs to
arrive at it The persons in control of
matters of uniform and drill in the
British army have until recently ap
peared to be walking about in a sort
of Rip Van Winkle sleep
Anyone would suppose that rifle
practice in such wars as those which
England has had on hand for a quarter
of a century would be at once recog
nized as important So long as the
troops were sent against uncivilized
tribesmen who fought with spears and
arrows it was perhaps more sports
manlike to come down to their level
and use the sword and lance The won
der Is that the British array did not
contain some regiments of archers
holding their commissions from the
time of Crecy and Poitiers and used in
fighting American Indians and other
tribes skilled in the use of these
weapons But for a long time past the
wild men of India and even some tribes
in Africa have been very much up-to-date
in this respect Certain wily Pa
thans make their living by stealing
rifles or buying those stolen from bor
der regiments and selling them to the
hillmen and whole tribes are armed
with more or less effective varieties ol
the modern rifle This is a surprise to
the Ignorant British recruit perhaps
and he may wonder on the occasion of
his first standup fight with the enemy
why these niggers use Martinis but
the gentlemen in command ought to
know about it
The fighting savage does not take long
to become accustomed to the use of fire
arms for the simple reason that It Is
his sole business in life From a child
he takes a keen Interest In -the way to
handle a gun for it is by this means
that he expects to kill his enemy and
save his own life perchance to say
nothing of killing game in the mean
time The British recruit has often
never had a gun in his hands until after
his enlistment and he then uses it be
cause he Is told to Sometimes he de
velops Into a crack shot sometimes he
does not It is obvious that if he is to
be as effective as the savage he must
receive an extra amount of training
He cannot spend all his time practic
ing as his adversary does He has to
drill and to march and to engage in
social diversions and do a great many
other things
The American Army is not subject
to this disadvantage because American
boys are as a rule more familiar with
firearms than English boys and those
who go into the army are apt to be
fair shots before they enlist The same
Is true of the Canadian the Australian
and the New Zealander All these come
from new lands in which the shooting
of large and small game is or has been
In the days w ork The home bred Eng
lishman of low degree comes of an
cestors to whom shooting meant
poaching and poaching meant theft
and theft meant hanging It is a good
thing that with this material to deal
with Lord Roberts has ordained that
there be rifle practice
The Omaha IlulIflKht
Bullfighting appears to have become
popular in Omaha and this popularity
Is owing to a circumstance curiously at
variance with the widely advertised
humane character of the diversion
It was announced that the swords of
the matadors would be mere wooden
weapons covered with tinfoil and that
their other belongings would be innoc
uous to the bull It was further ex
plained that the animals would in no
case suffer death the entertainment
consisting entirely of the skillful wor
rying and provoking which the mata
dors were able to inflict It Is an open
question whether any self respecting
bull would not rather be killed than
plagued to death but the opinion of the
animals was not asked
The thorough understanding on these
points established and proclaimed by
the Humane Society however seemed
to make the fight a very tame and un
interesting affair The people who oc
cupied the benches saw no blood and
heard no sounds of anguish Their
sensibilities were not harrowed by any
display of cruelty or of rage The bulls
capered about and so did the mata
dors and each seemed to be Informing
the other what he would do to him If It
were not for hurting the feelings of the
authorities The consequence was that
the box office looked like a waste paper
basket and the house like the desert of
Sahara before caravans were organ
ized It was a lean and unprofitable
But the Humane Society had over
looked the little matter of securing the
bulls co operation in this bloodless af
fair For obvious reasons It was Im
possible to explain to him that he was
not to be killed or hurt and that red
is just as good as blue if you only
think so He was not familiar with faith
cure doctrines or absent treatment even
if it had been tried He was an unregen
erate heathen and acted as such If
he had not there would have been even
less fun for the spectators than there
was Once thoroughly convinced that
the matador was as peaceful as a hired
hand Monsieur Bos would have lain
calmly down and gone to chewing his
cud He is not a natural actor
The result of lack of co operation on
his part was that one of the matadors
was finally caught on a lively pair of
horns and tossed forty feet into the air
and is now lying In a hospital with
some fractured ribs a lacerated chest
and in all probability hard feelings to
ward the Humane Society and Its most
ungrateful protege A further result
was that there were seven thousand
spectators at the next performance
and that the treasury is as fat as it
formerly was lean The reason for this
is obvious The kind of people who go
to a bullfight are like the Infant Tod
dle they want blood and If they do not
get it they stay away When they go
to a circus thej want to see a trapeze
act in which the acrobat is In Immi
nent danger of being killed or crippled
y Trafm ntilitiiTii la ififiii
for life When they see a trick bicycle
rider perform they want him to be up
In thy air somewhere so that If he loses
his nerve he Mill die They want gore
do these patrons of truly American
umusements and nothing will satisfy
them but tragedy either actual or Im
plied or possible They want their
emotions purified by pity and terror as
an old Latin writer put it -in describ
ing wild beasj combats It is interest
ing to note that the Governor of Ne
braska who bears the appropriate
name of Savage seems to approve of
the rejuvenated bullfight
Judge Gary Chairman of the Board
of Directors of the Steel Trust has join
ed the conferees at Pittsburg who ac
cording to all accounts are not making
any very rapid progress in a
settlement of the differences between the
trust and the Amalgamated Association
of Iron Steel and Tin Workers Still
the opinion Is still prevalent that as
neither side Is believed to be desirous or
war an agreement may bo reached to
day In principle at least
Another stone thrown at the American
tariff hog The Kyoto Chamber of Com
merce has petitioned the Japanese Gov
ernment to place a high duty on Ameri
can petroleum In retaliation for the ex
cessive customs taxes levied by the Unit
ed States on Japanese goods The au
thorities at Tokyo may grant the Tequest
but it will make no difference in our
conduct We have a lusty infant industry
up the Connecticut River devoted to the
production of warranted imported Japa
nese articles from cloisonne ware down
to punk and it must be protected against
the cheap labor of the Mikados Empire
It will not do to say that the Connecticut
Japanese rugs brass and lacquer work
idols embroideries and so on are Jjaso
Imitations and do not deserve protection
The people who buy such commodities
do not know the difference and If the
manufacturers do It is not for them to
complain While Piatt and Ilawiey are
Senators from the Nutmeg State we do
not believe that the interests of their
constituents who produce the only gen
uine Japanese goods out of native raw
materials ever will be neglected or al
lowed to be jeopardized
We are pleased to learn that the crisis
In General Woods Illness Is regarded as
having been passed and that it is ex
pected he will be able to start from Ha
vana for the New England coast in about
ten das It Is to be hoped that his re
covery may be rapid and complete He
cannot well be spared from his duties at
this Juncture when the establishment and
organization of the new Cuban nation Is
to be handled and it hardly could be han
dled as efficiently as by him In existing
Tho rumors which have been current
of late in regard to an alleged intention
on the part of -Eastern Republican pro
tectionists to oppose the re election of
Mr Henderson tor the Speakership of the
Boise of Representatives continue to ma
terialize but probably they amount to
little Western Republicans notoriously
arc In favor of revision as to a number of
articles unnecessarily protected under
the Dlngley law to the obvious detriment
of the public- Were an open fight to be
made It is possible that they might form
a coalition with the House Democrats and
make a lot of trouble for the New Eng
land Old Guard led by Senator Hoar As
matters stand at present Mr Henderson
appears to bersafe and there Is not a bit
of room for doubi that holes will be made
in the DInglgy Chinese wall before long
and with Republican assistance
A number of1 Venezuelan revolutionists
are lurking around New York and the
authorities are said to be keeping a
watchful eye on them This If true
would seem to Indicate that they are not
Andrade revolutionists because if they
were the known admiration which that
turbulent chieftain feels for the -Asphalt
Trust would be likely to shut the official
eye tighter than a drum
M A Colton who has been appointed
superintendent of education in the De
partment of Mindanao and Jolo P I
was fornuTly an instructor in French at
Yale -
Viscount Wolseley has just celebrated
his sixty ninth birthday being eight
months younger than Lord Roberts who
however has not been in the service so
long as Wolseley
Ex Gov George -S licutwell of Massa
chusetts and Mrs Boutwell celebrated
the sixtieth anniversary of their marri
age at their home in Groton Mass on
last Monday The venerable couple re
ceived the congratulations of many
friends and neighbors
The Earl of Erroll who succeeds to the
Knighthood of the Thistle left vacant by
the death of Lord Bute is the nineteenth
possessor of one of the moat distinguish
ed titles in Scotland He Is also the
twontv thlrd holder of the office of Lord
High Constable of Scotland
The Duke of Devonshire has lent his
first folio of Shakespeare which Is one
of the principal treasures of his splendid
library tit Chatsworth to the delegates
of the Oxford University Press and It is
to be produced in facsimile by the collo
type process
The much discussed Sultan of Sulu is
physically one of the rmnllest of the
worlds rovaltics He Is somewhat less
than five feet In height
The Rev J C Roehm pastor of tho
First Evangelical German Lutheran
Church in Galveston Texas celebrated
tho fiftieth anniversary of his ordination
Sunday He was ordained In Lerach Pro
vince of Baden Germany and with five
others was sent to do mission work In
Texas He has almost completed htb twenty-five
years as pastor of the Galveston
Constantlne Dcmeter Stephanove a na
tive of Macedonia who after seven years
work has taken the degree or master of
arts from Yale supported himself nearly
all that time by working as a conductor
on a trolley car In New Haven When he
first came to this countrj he worked on a
farm while he learned the language Then
he went to a preparatory school and from
thence to Yale Next fall he win go to
Gei many to tontlnue his studies
Both M de Witte now Russiar Min
ister of Finance and Prince Khllkon the
present Minister of Ways of Communi
cation have jiad practical training as en
gineers The fonner worked through the
locomotive shops drove an engine and
was subsequently u statloninaster for
soino venrs on the southern Russlun rail
ways Prince Kbilkoff under an assumed
mine worked through all the practical
branches of railroading as a paid employe
Millionaires succeed each other so quick
ly and out mlllion each other so amaz
ingly that Colonel North is little more
than a memory Vet but few years have
passed since the nitrate king dropped
in his tracks at a company meeting and
passed from the sight of men Bis man
sion at Eltham England of which so
much was heard in the early nineties of
the lust century is to be sold at auction
and a gorgeously Illustrated catalogue Is
at the disposal of those who can afford
to bid for it
The Rev Charles Plnckney rAson D
D whorr President McKInley has ap
pointed as Consul to Grenoble France
has resigned his pastorate in Philadelphia
to take effect September 1 and will us
sume his new dutlea shortly thereafter
Dr Nason Is a native of Newburyport
M8H and is in his sixtieth year In 1SC2
he was graduated from Williams College
nnd at thebreukhig out of the civil war
he became a volunteer aide in the Fifth
Army Corps nerving from 1S63 to 1SG3 In
Ufa he was graduated from the Theo
logical Seminary at Andovcr Mass and
ordained pastor In 1KO he served as
acting pastor of the American Church
in Paris Williams gave Dr Nason the
degree of D D two years ago
gF5vr SSSt2r 3s5B
The select committee of the House of
Lords appointed to consider the declara
tion required of the sovereign on his ac
cession by tho Bill of Rights and to re
port whether its language can be modified
advantageously without diminishing its
efficacy as a security for the maintenance
of the Protestant succession has Issued
the following report
That the declaration required of the
sovereign on his accession by the Bill of
Rights can be modified advantageously
nnd for the future should be as follows
I A B by the graec of God King or
Queen of Great Britain and Ireland De
fender of the Faith do solemnly and sin
cerely In the presence of God profess
testify and declare that I do believe that
In the Sacrament of the Losds Supper
there is not any transubstantiation of the
elements of bread and wine Into the body
and blood of Christ at or after the con
secration thereof by any person whatso
ever And I do believe that the Invocation
or adoration of the Virgin Mary or nny
other saint and the sacrifice of the mass
as they are now used in the Church of
Home are contrary to the Protectant re
ligion And I do solemnly In the presence
of God profess testify and declare that
1 do make this declaration and every part
thereof unreservedly
The Important passage In the original
version which it is now proposed to
change read
That I do believe that in the Sacrament
of the Lords Supper there Is not any
transubstantiation of the elements of
bread and wine into the body and blood
of Christ at or after the consecration
thereof by any person whatsoever aid
that the invocation or adoration of the
Virgin Mary or any other saint and the
sacrifice of the mass as they are now
used in the Church of Rome are supersti
tious and Idolatrous
An Interesting discussion is now going
on In the London newspapers concerning
the comparative advantages of English
and American locomotives and some of
the statements would amuse American
machinists Tho American locomotive Is
being gradually Introduced upon the Eng
lish railways nnd the local manufactur
ers are fighting hard to keep them out
The partisans of the American locomotive
claim that most of the defects complain
ed of have been due to the carelessness
and Indifference of the English drivers
who prefer their own make because they
are less complicated and require less at
tention than the American pattern An
English engineer who has been for many
years in Brazil furnishes the Times
with an elaborate analytical comparison
and sums up his enquiry by claiming -hat
the English locomotives are better In
point of fuel economy only For speed
endurance and hauling capacity he
claims that the Americans stand first and
will run nearly twice as long without re
The people of England were quite pre
pared for the announcement that the cor
onation ceremony of King Edward Is to
take place next June The proclamation
which was made on the sixty third annP
versary of the coronation of Queen Vic
toria was anticipated To fix the cere
mony for any other time than summer
would nowadays be regarded as more or
less of a slight upon British subjects In
asmuch as they would not have the best
possible opportunity of witnessing a rare
spectacle Sovereigns have not always
been so careful of the convenience of their
subjects William I following the exam
ple of Emperor Charlemagne who set the
fashion In coronations was crowned at
Westminster December 25 Henry III
owing to circumstances over which he
had little control underwent the cere
mony on October 2S and as the crown had
been lost with the baggage of King John
he had to do without one Henry VIII
fhnse n eliv in June and the Inst Edward
peere ggryiigy piywBsai1 iM JMWB fHUgfiilfflWB8iyiJiifflMt i
- I u l wV U4CIUtaUtC UL
was crowned on January s in mouerjiiHe fortunate rich Yet the men In Con-
times Anne favored April the first three
fSenrces Scntcmber and October George
IV July and William IV September If
coronation day is In future to be observed
as a public holiday as It certainly will
be next year It will afford n pleasant
break In the summer routine The proc
lamation of the coronation has recalled
the touching Incident of the youthful Vic
torias saving an aged peer from falling
when he did homage at her coronation
It Is a remarkable fact that the old peer
who stumbled in IKS was the Mr Rolie
M P for Conwal who In the debates
on the regencv bill in 17SS elicited from
Mr Fox his so called authoritative denial
that the Prince of Wales was married lb
Mrs Fitzherbert a denial which was de
clared bv the Prince to be unauthor
ized and so caused the split between
the heir apparent and the Whigs Mr
Rolle left a widow the old Iidy Rolle
who survived until 1SS5 after having been
the chief founder of the bishopric of
Truro and seen the first Bishop Dr Ben
sontranslated to Canterbury in 1SS3 This
is an exceptionally long link connecting
events of public Interest
Among the legislative work of the
Storthing at the close of the nineteenth
century was a law permitting the estab
lishment of monasteries Jn Norway The
framers of the constitution In 1S14 had
Inserted in that instrument a clause to
tho effect that Jesuits and monastic or
ders were not to be tolerated Of monas
teries from the Middle Ages In Norway
there are but few mostly in ruins At
Bergen the foundation of Munkellv clois
ter is still extant but hidden under the
level of the street Of the convent of
Nonnesoter a vault with groined arches
and the lower story of the tower are left
About fourteen miles to the south of that
citv in a situation of rare rural beauty
are extensive ruins of the Lysekloster
monisterv Exotic plants bearing red
benes still grow In the crevices of the
The Moorish Embassy which the Sul
tan has despatched to London with the
avowed purpose of bearing a message of
congratulation tp King Edward upon his
accession to the throne has been luxuri
ously housed at Lancaster Gate The
mansion is spacious and has been fitted up
in English style with English servants
and attendants under the command of a
Scotsman Kaid Muclean commander-in-chief
of the Sultans army is now the
English head of the embassy In the
house there ore many Arab attendants In
white robes and sandals coming and go
ing all the time in direct attendance on
the ambassador and the two wives he has
brought with him The ambassador Cid
el Mehedi el Menebhl a man of the most
exalted rank In his own country takes
his meals In perfect seclusion His per
sonal attendants leave the dishes on the
table anil withdraw The same Idea Is
carried out in serving the two women of
the household whose apartments are on
the top floor and who have never been
once seen by any of the English servants
in the house It is believed that this is
the first time that Moorish women of this
caste have entered England The Queen
will undoubtedly receive them If they be
permitted to wait on her It Is undoubt
edly for this purpose that the two ladles
have been brought to Ixiiulon and the
unique experience of travel been allowed
them However no Information regard
ing the two Indies can be obtained of any
lnmate of the embassy for even to men
tion their iresence Is from the Moorish
standpoint blasphemous
There Is bad news about Jules Guerin
the hero of the sensational siege of the
Rue Chabrol in Paris The last time his
family went to visit him at Clalrvaux
prison they found him very ill Not In
bed but so feverish so excited and so
emaciated that they became serlously
alarmed An Interview with the prison
doctor showed that he shared their un
easiness but M Guerin refuses to make
any formal complaint When M Guerin
went to prison he was a perfect Samson
in strength and appearance Just in tho
prime of life he Is now only thirty seven
years of age tall broad and muscular
he made an Ideal revolutionary leader
In appearance
For a long time both his strength and
his energy were plentifully taxed by the
direction of the Anti Semite League dur
ing the troublous Dreyfus days His ev
enings at which his sympathizers could
drink smoke proclaim nnd denounce as
long and strong ns fancy dictnted be
came one of tho rowdy sensations of
Paris But it is the man of robust health
and unbounded spirits on whom prison
life tells most heavily so It can well be
believed that the Jules Guerin of Fort
Chabrol energy has become as a skeleton
worn out by intenso emotions and undi
rected energies
A commentary on representative gov
ernment Is the rejoicing of the people of
every American State when their respec
tive Legislatures adjourn Mexican Her
The Humane Society of London has
awarded a gold medal to the bravest
man of the year The recipient had
nothing to do with tho war in South Afri
ca St Louis Globe Democrat
One of the founders of the Republican
party has Just got married It Is under
stood that tho number of these found
ers is two more than that of the sur
vivors of the charge of Balaklava and ex
ceeds by seven the number of men who
fired the first gun a vSantlago Kansas
City Star
Civil government has been established
In the Philippines but It still behooves
a man to look under the bed before go
ing to sleep Indianapolis News
There Is but one native Indian left In
New Jersey but whether firewater or the
trusts should be held responsible hlstory
riiust determine Chicago News
When the bulldog courage of the Anglo-Saxon
Is exhibited by the Chinese It
is known as fanaticism Chicago Journal
Speaker Henderson is earnestly advised
to forget his Intimacy with royalty be
fore Congress meets Pittsburg Dispatch
Perhaps Hawaii could negotiate a loan
from Porto Rico Detroit Free Press
In making acknowledgment to those ac
tive in collecting that Turkish debt the
services of that distinguished represen
tative of the American navy the gunboat
Bancroft should not be overlooked
Philadelphia Ledger
rJhe ass anchored between his two
bundles of hay was a miracle of wisdom
and firm declslor compared with this
helnles3 glancing of the Republican party
now to reciprocity now to protectionism
not knowing which to choose yet com
pelled to choose or else starve to death
This party situation fairly cries out for
a leader to show the way out New York
Evening Post
In praising Captain Myers for his gal
lant conduct the German Minister at
Pekin refers to him as an American sub
ject Does his German excellency take
Captain Myers for a Filipino or Porto
Rican Portland Argus
Governor Allen of Porto Rico is com
ing home on a visit and will call on the
President at Canton to inform him that
the Porto Ricans are ready for unre
stricted trade with the country of which
their island Is a part and parcel St
Louis Star
Its safe to wager that much of the
policy of the rifty seventh Congress was
settled during the voyage of the Deutsch
land You cannot get ten millionaires of
the syndicate cult corraled in a bunch
for live days be they professedly Re
publicans or Democrats without a con
sequent settlement of Republican policies
Mark Hanna will know exactly what Is
wanted of the Congress which convenes
in December- St Louis Republic
Never mind who sent the order Dewey
did it and cut the cable Augusta Herald
Now that the Government has got onto
the contractors strike game there will
not be so much delay in finishing war
ships In contract time We should have
tho biggest of them built now in three
years where previously it took four
New Orleans Times Democrat
There Is in the South no criticism of
the man who openly adopts Republican
ism but there Is a decided feeling that the
man who wants to think Republican and
appear Democratic Is slightly out of
place Atlanta Constitution
At this rate the day Is soon coming
when no poor or ordinarily well-to-do
American can afford to enter the consular
service of his country and this will be
come as the diplomatic service has well-
nigh become already a prerogative of
gress who obstruct everv effort to
vlde adequate compensation for our Min
isters and Consuls pride themselves qn
their democracy and their Americanism
Boston Journal
The Democratic State convention outr in
Ohio gives evidence that Manager Hanna
is likely to have all the serious fun he
may crave before the election is held
Manchester Union
The Chicago Journal knows of no rea
son why Marcus A Hanna would not
make a good President llovr about the
votes Cleveland Plain Dealer
If Cubas new constitution is modeled
after the Herreshoff pattern It will prove
a winner Boston Herald
There nre many G A R veterans who
though refusing themselves to obtain
pensions when deserving them yet will
not stand a word of criticism of those
who so draw unworthy pensions or of
the sjRtem under which such pensions
are drawn They feel that their first
duty fs to their comrades right or wrong
and that the interests of the United
States Treasury are second Waterbury
Carnegie reports 2S000000 more to give
away It sounds magnificent But how
mueh more real good It would have done
this country If Carnegie had been readier
to pay his men larger wages and let
them work fewer hours To be sure he
might not have had within SlG000000 so
great a fund as lie Is now ready to give
away but how much more happiness
progress health and development there
would have been among the hundreds of
families that were dependent on the in
dustry of which he was the head Boston
The grip which the Steel Trust has on
the Navy Department because of favora
ble legislation by a Republican Congress
Is Illustrated by the predicament in which
the department now finds Itself in the
purchase of crank shafting to be used
on naval vessels The law relating to
ships provides that none but American
made steel shall be put In any part of
them Taking advantage of the law the
steel manufacturers are now charging
the department five times as much for
American steel crank shafting as it can
be had for in England
The two companies with which the de
partment has contracts are the Midvale
and Bethlehem both of which are In the
trust The price paid under their con
tracts is 2 2fi a pound The price of En
glish forgings is -IS cents a pound Sec
retary Long will ask Congress to repeal
the law requiring the Government to buy
only of American makers with a view to
loosening the grip of the trust He does
not think it will be necessary to go
abroad for material for ships but thinks
that when there is danger of competition
from abroad the trust companies will
quote their product at more reasonable
figures Chicago Chronicle
The proposition to celebrate In this city
the eightieth anniversary of the admis
sion of Missouri Into the Union of States
should strike a popular chord Kansas
City Star
It Is not much more than a hundred
years ago that an Englishman wrote to
a London paper that thcAlleghanles were
an Impassable barrier and that civiliza
tion In this country would be confined to
the Atlantic Coast That Englishman was
evidently mistaken New York Herald
The Democratic State Convention which
nominated candidates for States officers
In Ohio yesterdav was the most respect
able and satisfactory political gathering
which has been held In JJiat great State
in a quarter of a century Had such wis
dom and conservatism as pervaded the
convention at Columbus controlled tlu
action of the Ohio Democrats two years
ago we do not believe that William
would now be President of the
United States Hartford Times
It makes us sick to hear the Republican
spokesmen bellow in one breath thut we
can beat nny people on earth In the indus
trial race nnd are actually beating them
all and In the next breath yell that our
Industries must be protected or they can
not stand competition Syracuse Tele
V akw1fctt
The Court of Appeals of New York has
recently affirmed the Judgment of the Su
preme Court appellate division holding
that where department stores hold out
the heads of departments as their agents
they are responsible for the acts of the
heads of departments even though the
business of the department la actually
owned and operated by an Individual and
not the store A large department storo
In New York advertised Itself as carrjlng
on the practice of dentistry In ono of its
departments A woman had her teeth
treated In this department and the work
was so unsklllfully done that her Jaws
were injured tuul she sued the store for
damages The defence was that the dent
ist practiced as an Individual and not ai
a representative of the store But the
Court of Appeals of New York held that
the owners of the store were estopped
from denying that the dentist was their
agent because they held him out as such
The plaintiff had a right to rely said
the court not only on the presumption
that the defendant would employ a skillful
dentist as its servant but also on the fact
that If that servant whether skillful or
not was guilty of any malpractice she
had a responsible party to answer there
for in damages Hannon vs
Co eo N E Rep 507
A physician who undertakes the treat
ment of a patient is bound to exercise not
only the skill required but also care and
attention In attending Ms patient until he
notifies the patient that his professional
relations are terminated says the New
York Supreme Court appellate division
In the case of Gerken vs Plimpton TO
New York Supp 793 In this case a sur
geon employed to attend a patient having
a fractured arm properly reset the arm
and notified the patient that he was go
ing on his vacation and would be absent
ten days or two weeks He directed the
oatlent to keep his arm In a sling during
that time The surgeon remained away
five weeks and in the meantime the arm
of the patient slipped and became united
at a pluce causing permanent injury On
a trial of the surgeon for malpractice the
jury gave a verdict of 2000 against him
The court reduced the amount to J5W
which judgment was affirmed
A large and valuable St Bernard dog
measuring seven feet from his nose to the
end of his tall and weighing ISO pounds
was running loose on the street accompa
nying a child six years of age The dog
saw a cat which was a household pet of
defendant in this suit and gave chase to
ft The cat ran up the stoop of defend
ants house where the dog injured it
somewhat The wife of the defendant
flung open the door with a scream which
diverted the dogs attention for a moment
during which time the cat leaped down
and ran Into the street the dog pursuing
The defendant saw the chase from a dis
tance and heard the cats cry of pain
and the scream of his wife He believed
his wife had been hurt and hurried to the
spot revolver In hand On reaching the
front of the house he saw that the cat
had run up a tree and that the dog was
standing with Its forepaws on the tree
looking at It He immediately shot and
killed the dog because he thought It had
Injured his wife and was dangerous In
an action to recover the value of the dog
a judgment was given for the defendant
but on appeal this was reversed by the
Supreme Court of Errors Connecticut
The court decided that a cat which Is
a household pet Is a thing of value and
that in this case the cat was being wor
ried by the dog But the defendant was
not justified in killing the dog because it
was apparent it was not dangerous and
further he made no attempt before shoot
ing to protect his cat by driving the dog
off Ford vs Glennon 19 AtL Rep 1S9
Betting on the vote of a particular
county in an election Is a betting on the
election in violation of the statute holds
the Court of Appeals of Kentucky in tho
case of Brand vs Commonwealth 63 S
W Rep 21 and if the bel was in fact
made in Kentucky the parties violated
the Kentucky statute though the stake
holder did business in Tennessee aud re
ceived the money there
4 - -
In an action for damages -by a boy
twelve years of age for Injuries received
while employed in a factory in violation
of a statute prohibiting the employment
of children under fourteen years of age
the owner of the fa tory sought to defend
the action on the ground that the boy
had waived the protection of the statute
by remaining at work But the Supreme
Court New York appellate division
held that On the facts the boy had been
put to work by the manufacturer and
not by his own request and that as a
matter of law he had not waived his
right under the statute Marine vs
Schmaier iu N Y Supp DO
A street railway company which has
constructed and Is legally operating a
line of railway In the streets of a city
is possessed holds the Supreme Court of
Georgia in the case of Atlanta Railway
and Power Company vs Atlanta Rapid
Transit Company 2 S E Rep 12 of
such a property interest as gives it a le
gal Tight to maintain an application to
restrain a similar company from inter
fering w fth its line of tracks unready laid
and from constructing a line of road over
Its private property without authority of
law To such an application the city is
not a necessary defendant
A Jury commissioner is held by the
Supreme Court of New York special
term Kings County in the case of Bren
ner 70 N Y Supp 741 to be a local offi
cer as an aid to the court aiding In the
administration of justice within a pre
scribed territorial limitation and not a
county officer
Where one claims damages from a con
tractor because of the failure to erect a
store and office building within a given
time and the e Idence supports the claim
the Supreme Court of Georgia in the case
of Cannon vs Hunt 33 S E Rep SS3
holds that the proper measure of damages
Is the rental value of the building for the
time elapsing between the time fixed for
Its completion and the time when It was
delivered and turned over
The salary annexed to a public office is
incident to the title to the office holds
the Supreme Court of Minnesota in the
case of Larspn vs City of St Paul ttl
N W Rep 433 and not to Its oceupa
tlon and exercise nor to the usurpation
or colorable possession of It and a ser
geant of police Illegally removed Is not
prohibited from receiving his salary be
cause It was paid to another between the
date of his attempted dismissal and the
date of his reinstatement
The bite of an insect which incapaci
tates one insured under an accident policy
of Insurance has been held by Judge Mc
Masters of Indianapolis Ind to be an
accident for which a recovery may be
had under the policy
Where money Is advanced or loaned
with the understanding between the par
ties that It shall be used In gambling or
where the party advancing the money
participates and shares in the gambling
transaction thus promoted by his act the
Supreme Court of New Mexico m the
case Of Appleton vs Maxwell 05 Pac
Rep 15S holds that such party becomes
partlceps crimlnis and cannot recover W
a suit for the money loaned or advanced
under such circumstances
A fireman on the Baltimore nnd Ohio
Railroad was killed while on dutv He
left a widow and two children He was a
member of the defendant company s re
lief department which had a rule that In
case of the death of a member the benefits
would not be paid until the parties enti
tled to sue had executed a release to the
company of all claims for damage Hi3
widow executed a release and rective 1
1000 benefit Subsequently she brought
suit against the railroad compan f r
damages for the death of her hub nJ
and tho company contended that she was
barred from recovery by the release she
had signed The trial court held that she
could sue and on appeal the I niteu
States Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed
the case and held that the execution cf
the release did not bar the widow from
suing as administratrix Cowenis Raj
I0S Fed Rep 320
Where the plaintiff sues for breach of
marriage promise the Court of Civil Ap
peals of Texas in the case of Edge Mi
Griffin 3S S E Rep 14S holds that the
cause of the breaking off by the plaintiff
of other engagements to marry cannot bo
enquirtd into

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