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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1901-1902, July 20, 1901, Image 6

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XTljr iJDlinitm Timrtf
SATURDAY JlLY 20 1931
Publication Office
TIXE iltrrCIIIIS BUILDING
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Subscription by Mail One Year
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THE TIMES COMPANY
Washington I C
Clicnlallnn
The circulation of The Timei for llic week end
ed July 13 101 a as follows
Sunday Julr V llH
6 SWSI
9 3954J
Wcducwlat Jul 10 SJIOJ
Thumiai Jul 11 39
FnIa Jul 12 39331
featerdaj Jul 13 SSair
Total 234 I i
Dail a eram Sunday 19114 c xepted 39al
Strike ComlitluiiH mid Itniunr
A rumor characteristic of the curb
stone in Wall Street to the effect that
the steel strike had been settled was
started in New York about noon es
terday Mr J P Morgan on being
asked concerning it said that it was
utterly without foundation that he ful
ly approv ed of the course taken by the
trust people at Pittsburg and elsewhere
and that there would be no concessions
made by the emplojing corporations
the fight was on and would hae to be
fought out
Mr Morgans statement is in entire
agreement with the opinion of people
best able to analze the situation In
telligently In Pittsburg which is the
strike storm centre it is belieed that
the contest between labor and capital
is but Just begun and that by Satur
day night the sheet workers at Vander
grift Leesburg and Apollo will walk
out and leave idle sheet mill un
ion and non union in the country con
trolled by the Steel Trust
There appears to be a possibility that
Ue Carnegie City and Homestead plants
may be found out of commission next
Monday morning Reports that the men
In thoseestablishments are rapidly being
unionized are rife Should they decide
to strike the effect uon the emplojes
of other plants not jet committed to
the Amalgamated Association move
ment probably would be Important and
serious The war has not jet extended
to the steel finishing plants of the trust
but It Is learned from well Informed
sources that there Is more than a
chance that within ten das they too
will be compelled to close down Such
an occurrence would inevitably result
in damage and loss to many lines of
business The mills turning out struc
tural shapes and railway tramway
and marine work are now uncomforta
blj behindhand with their orders and
hae been working oertime to catch
up The demand for their productions
shows no sign of abatement and so
much bridge locomotie steamship
and other construction Is dependent up
on their output for completion that sus
pension for even a few weeks would
cause infinite embarrassment In a va
riety of directions Considering that
these finishing concerns cannot be
manned with anything but skilled labor
of the best class it is easy to see that
the Amalgamated would be plajlng a
strong card If It could close them for
the greater the number of steel workers
oho can be Induced to strike the hard
er It will be for the trust to hunt out
and mobilize men to take their places
It Is evident that President Shaffer
and his associates are counting on such
considerations to bring an early sur
render on the part of the trust corpo
rations Outside of labor circles the
same view Is not generally taken The
trust magnates are satisfied In their
own minds that to submit to the de
mands of the strikers now would only
expose them to fresh demands and an
other strike later on and perhaps with
in a few months Once in the saddle
they believe that the Amalgamated As
sociation would proceed to harry them
until it had taken all practical control
of their Industrial enterprises out of
their hands and thej argue that as
long as the test of strength must have
come at some time or other It might
as well be now The prospect then
Is not good for a speedy cessation of
hostilities Both sides appear to be con
fident of victory and we are afraid the
country must resign itself as well as
it can to the expectation that the re
mainder of the centurys first summer
will be marked by one of the most bit
ter and disastrous labor wars In his
tory
lint the Court Decided
Commenting upon the decisions of the
Supreme Court In the insular cass the
Review of Reviews sajs The main
thing that has been decided thus far
is that the Constitution of the United
States Is not a document that Is going
to Interfere with the people of the Unit
ed States in their proposal to do the
very best thing that they can from time
to time in providing for the Govern
ment development and true progress
of the territories thej have acquired by
recent annexation
Closely anal zed this simply means
that the Supreme Court has decided
that the Constitution may be disregard
ed whenever the party which h ppens
to be dominant chooses to disregard It
which Is equivalent tc saying that the
Constitution is of no binding1 force
whatever If whenever the people
think they can best deal w Ith new ter
ritory by Ignoring the Constitution
thej have a right to do so then sure
ly they must have thi rime right in
dealing with older territory o with the
States There can be no avoiding of
this conclusion It is Impossible to ad
vance an argument In favor of allowing
Congress or any branch of the Gov
ernment to nullify the Constitution in
new territory t1 11 does not apply with
equal fonc to similar action in older
territory
He must be a bold man who will ven
ture an opinion as to what the Supreme
Court intended to decide or what It
actually did decide bejond the tingle
point of upholding the Foraker Act Dy
a majority of one It first held that Por
to Rico became a part of te United
States Immediately upon the ratifica
tion of the Treaty of Pails Thenat
the same sitting it also held by a ma
jority of one the same one that Porto
Rico in not a part of the United States
but merely territory oer which the
United States has Jurisdiction by
which contradictory hair splitting It
was enabled to say by a majority of
one that Congress had a right to en
act the Foralter tariff prescribing du
ties for Porto Rico differing from those
which preail In the rest of the United
States
While taking these contradictory po
sitions with reference to Porto Rico the
court for come Inexplicable reason
withheld Us decision as to the status
of the Philippines a rule
which applies to Porto Rico must on
principle apply equally to the Philip
pines for our title to both Is Identi
cal In character Each came to us b
v Irtue of the Treaty of Paris and it is
impossible for a la j man to see how
there can be any difference in their le
gal status But Mirely the court must
have had some reason foi deferring ac
tion on the case arising in connection
with the Philippines If the court had
reached the conclusion that Congicsg
hid power to do as It pleased In the
new territorj it would not hae taken
Ministers at Pckin had formally fixed j perlty
the amount of the indemnity loan to be
issued by China at four hundred and fif
ty million taels the rate of interest to be
four per cent That disposes of the in
demnity question for the present but
there are other important matters vet
to be settled
The most important as far as the
United States is concerned Is that con
cerning maritime duties Russia has
insisted that the present tariff tax of
five per cent ad valorem on all Import
ed goods shall be raised to fifteen per
cent This proposition England has
strenuously opposed and still opposes
The United Statesafter taking thesame
position recentlj went over to the side
of Russia leaving England isolated as
the other Powers endorse the Russian
programme They have no reason to do
THE TIMES WASlIlNGT6g SATURDAY JULY 20 1901
under contribution to keep up the divi
dends of the stockholders in these great
monopolies capitalized at far more
than the amounts Invested
Under such circumstances it Is
easy to see that there might be a vast
swelling of our exports of manufactures
to the serious injury of other countries
and perhaps cquil Injury Jo our own
people In dealing with the question of
national prosperity mere aggregates of
production exports and trade balances
are frequently very deceptive It adds
little if anj thing to the comfort of
millions of people to have
the wealth of the country doubled when
It appears that a few score or at the
most a few hundred Individuals have
absorbed for their own use and benefit
the whole of the Increase Inequalities
of wealth there alwajs have been and
always will be so long as there are
differences in men with reference to
three minutes to announce the fact i their business capacity and propensity
from the bench But It was not done
and nobody outside of the court r cm
bershi knows the reason The case
went oer until the next term of the
court and the public can only con
clude that the exact status of the Isl
ands has not been fixed by the Torto
Eico decisions
Under all the circumstances It Is not
going too far to say that no human
being can tell how the court will decide
the next case which may arise in which
the constitutional status even of Porto
Itlco is inolved Nev ertheless the
statement of the Review of Reviews
is lilglily significant for it undoubtedly
voices the sentiment which realls
inxcertaln quarters that if the Repub
lican party wishes to do anything the
Constitution should not be allowed to
stand in the way
The Chinese Indemulty Settled
A despatch from Special Commission
er Rockhlll jesterday Informed the
State Department that the Council of
for money getting and money keeping
It is well that it should be so for If
men could not bj superior business acu
men acquire wealth there would be
vcrv little incentle to action olons In
dustrial lines But there are right ways
and wrong vvajs of getting rich and no
man or class of men should be per
mitted to amass wealth in sums which
stagger the Imagination through the
operation of unjust laws
The industrial supremacy of the
United States is absolutely assured
Nature has decreed it Until our stores
of coal iron mineral oil gold silver
and copper ore exhausted and our soil
refuses to yield Its harvests no na
tion now regarded as a competitor can
ever again move abreast of the Ameri
can Republic In its onward march But
while our natural advantages must
Keep us in the lead It must also be
conceded that other nations rmarting
under a sense of injustice at our hands
may take steps that will check our
progress and materlallj lessen our pros-
The world is large enough for all
mankind There Is still room for growth
in the most densely settled States of
Europe and ve have nothing to gain
by attempting to destroy by unfair
means the industries of any nation of
the Old World So far as those coun
tries are compelled to jleld to the su
periority of our natural resources and
the mechanical genius of our people
their efforts to stem the tide will be
unavailing But to whatever extent we
may seek to strike them unfairly
through our trust organizations foster
ed by unjust tariff laws we must ex
pect the blow s to recoil upon ourselv es
and with deplorable consequences
A llnmnnc CliriMlma SvIentlHt
A woman In New Britain
otherwise Inasmuch as the major part cut has discovered a new field for
of whatever duties are levied will have
to be paid by Americai and British
commerce
A v erbal ambiguity in Mr Rockhills
code message leaves us in doubt as to
whether Russia now demands the full
advance or has expressed willingness
to accept a ten per cent tariff unless
or until it can be demonstrated that It
will not provide sufficient revenue to
enable China to meet her interest and
sinking fund obligations promptly in
Which event the maximum rate would
be imposed The ground of Russias
action In the matter of the tariff is
that she will be compelled to sell her
share of the Chinese bonds at a dis
count which would be greater were cap
italists to get the Impression that the
resources of fchlna were Insufficient to
guarantee faithful performance of her
engagements Pending a settlement of
this and one or two other questions it
is reported that Mr Rockhill has post
poned his departure from Pekln where
we must say he appears to have done
excellent service to ins country ser
vice which we hope will be recognized
in some fitting manner on his return
to the United Slates
American Induxtriul Snprcmnc
That the United States Industrially
considered Is now the first of nations ever they do go when they quit this
Is btjond dispute
We are first in ag
riculture Xirst in mining generally first
In coal production first in manufac
tures of iron and steel and first In man
ufactures as a whole While we con
sume far more than does any other
country It Is worthy of note that we
also lead every other nation In the val
ue of our exports of domestic products
All of these things taken together give
us nn unquestioned industrial suprem
acy
Very largely this Is owing to our al
most illimitable agricultural resources
which make us not only self sustaining
In the matter of food products but
leave us with an immense surplus for
export This element of our superiori
ty is regarded with a good deal of com
plaisance by our great European ri
vals They look upon It as a natural
advantage which no artificial effort can
overcome and as they need our food
products and cotton they have but lit
tle complaint to make with reference
to this feature of the situation It Is
the growth of our manufactures which
fills them with alarm Thus far they
have not been badly hurt by our com
petition in such goods either In heir
own or neutral markets but looking
at the rapid Increase of our exports of
manufactures they fear that the time
may soon come when their own manu
factures will be seriously menaced by
those of the Western Republic There
is some ground for this fear and para
doxical as It may seem as conditions
are now shaping themselves in the
United States European manufactures
may easily be subjected to grleous In
jury by American competition with no
corresponding benefits t j the great body
of the American people
Of course what Chauncey M Depew
sajs does lot amount to an j thing when
standing by Itself at the same time
his remarks at the banquet of the
French Chamber of Commerce on the
Fourth of July gave full voice to the
ambition of the huge trusts now form
ing In America not to control the
Industries of this country but to domi
nate those of Europ as well If this
ambition were a legitimate one and the
methods emplojed were proper there
would not be much point In any pro
test against It on this side of the ocean
at least But when the trusts Intrench
ed behind a massive barrier of protec
tion bid defiance to ail foreign compe
tition In the American market while
in order to gain a foothold for their
products abroad they sell them at cost
and even for less It is a condition that
calls for protest on both Hides of the
Atlantic an especially from Ameri
cans Such n policy robs the American
consumer In order to enable the trusts
to capture foreign markets and after
those maikets are captured the con
sumers of bstb continents will be put
Christian Science and It 13 one In which
it would be good to put the believers
for a while and see how the thing vould
work She is trjing to persuade her
neighbors to try the faith cure on
mosquitoes
She says It Is not at all necessary to
kill the little harmless insects and
that all you have to do Is to speak to
them kindly and tell thqm to leave yoa
alone and jou will let them alone then
believe that they will not bite The
lady sajs that she has done this for
jears and now enjovs having the pret
ty little things around and listening to
their musical buzz To this her neigh
bors will probably consent freely She
can hear their musical buzz all she
likes so long as she does not bring
them with her when she comes calling
The average person Is likely to be
skeptical about this sort of faith cure
and to think that saying Abracada
bra or repeating the alphabet back
ward would be Just as likely to have
a eood effect on the mind of tlie mos
quito as the treatment proposed In
fact It has been generally supposed
that If a mosquito had a soul It was a
depraved one and that if converted to
a decent appreciation of the truths cf
altruism he would cease to be a mos
quito at all he would die and go
earth It has been suggested before
that the tiuths of Christian Science
should be tried on noxious insects One
gentleman declared in print that he
had tried It on th small red thing
known as clmex lectularius and that
it did not work worth a cent to put it
mildly But perhaps his faith was
not of the right kind A special brand
ma have to be imported for the pur
pose of converting bugs
But If Christian Science Is really good
to prevent mosquito bites it is a most
useful invention and it should be tried
as soon ns possible This would be a
good time of jear for the experiment
and New Jersey might be selected as
the place Let the believers camp In
a swamp where mosquitoes are plenti
ful and staj there for a fortnight Then
let them come out and show themselves
If do not look as If had had
chicken pox the public be inclin
ed to believe that mosquitoes are amen
able to Christian Science
But If the experiment succeeds the
question still remains what will the
mosquito live on It Is his nature to
suck the blood of whatever victim he
can find Supposing he Is convinced
that this Is wrong will he sit back and
starve to death or will he become a
vegetarian This question Is full of
complications Possibly ho will live off
the wicked people who do not believe
in Christian Science and let the believ
ers alone but If he does It will be the
first time the laws of nature ever turn
ed out of their for the benefit of
the Trom cannibals to fleas
carnivorous nature has ever shown a
predilection for the good
Corporate Itielitx in Court
There was a curious Incident in the
New York Supreme Court not long ago
A small boy brought suit through his
father for fifty thousand dollars dam
ages for the loss of his right foot the
fracture of his left arm and a broken
ckull due to his having been run down
by a cable car It was thought for a
time that the boy would die and as it
Is he must be crippled for the lest of
his life So far of course there is
nothing unusual in the ease chil
dren are not Infrequently run down on
New York car lines The oddity of It
lies in the charge which Justice Rus
sell of the Supieme Court gave to the
jury He suld
Tiic sreat iiave as miitli right In tliH cour
a- the poor anj low the deftiiJaut i orpontior
has the sjiiic tatiln n this tftnrt a the bo
hrc lhc Jur eannot take nto conMdrratiun the
atlrntite apprarancc of tins bo uho has Joxt
lib leg lit good looks have nothing to do uith
the cot
Disregarding this touching plea the
jury stubbornly brought In a verdict of
five thousand dollars for the plaintiff
Thereupon Justice Russell set aside the
verdict took the case away from the
Jury dismissed the complaint and as
sessed the costs against the boys
father for bringing the suit Naturally
the father did not stop there He car
ried the case to the Appellate Division
and the result was that the Jurys ver
dict was sustained and the ruling of
Justice Russell set aside It Is painful
to think that the conscientious work of
the latter In behalf of a poor abused
corporation wenlfor so little but the
scales of Justice will sometimes tip the
wrong way in this ill constructed
world
It makes all the difference in the
world whether justice is administered
autociatically or by common consent
Apparently however Justice Russell is
inclined to think that he und not the
Jury was entitled to decide on the mer
its of this case To the average ob
server It seems quite plain The boy
was run over by a car he was very
young it was proved that the motor
man saw him but did not stop and
five thousand dollars is all things con
sidered rather a small compensation
for a lost foot a broken arm and a
fractured skull It Is unlikely that If
the proposition were made to any fath
er of ordinary human feeling to have
his elght j ear old son mutilated in that
fashion he would consent to the opera
tion even for ten thousand dollars in
stead of live The actual loss of money
through impaired efficiency consequent
upon the loss of a foot would probably
be more than live thousand dollars if
the boy lived to be a middlj agal man
But as Justice Russell observed a
corporation has some rights as well as
partly responsible for the excitement
w hlch has been caused by the injury of
children on electric and cable car lines
Instead of becoming enraged and lead
ing a mob to lynch the motorman this
father brought suit against the com
pany and much he would have gained
by it if Justice Russell had had his
way It is distressing to observe that
the Appellate Court was sufficiently
moved by the boys beauty or some
thing else to reverse the decision
Yesterday the London Pall Mall Ga
zette published a letter from Its Paris
correspondent giving details of an alleged
Bonnpartlst plot to- overthrow the Re
public and place Prince Louis Napoleon
on the throne Opinion in England ap
pears to accept the story as true If it
be so there will be some political excite
ment and much personality and bad lan
guage In the French capital It is stated
that the conspiracy was to come to a
head In a Bonapartist demonstration on
September 14 on which date it hag been
announced that tho Czar purposes ap
pointing the prince to a full generalship
In the Russian army Whatever the
movement may have amounted to or
threatened exposure probably has nipped
It In the bud and the French people no
doubt will make it known in some way
that a republican form of rov eminent
will meet their views and serve their pur
poses for a long time yet
There is an ablc bcdicd report afloat
which has it that Pension Commissioner
Evans shortly Is to succeed Mr Allen as
Governor of Porto Rico the latter de
siring to retire from his -resent posi
tion Mr Evans has shown himself a
capable honest and fearless public ser
vant in his administration of the Pension
OUlce and in most trj Ing circumstances
He deserves the reward of promotion
and an easier place and we trust that
the Porto Rico gossip be true
The Populist partj is to hold a confer
ence at Kansas In September A
question which will ergage attention at
that time will be that of changing the
name of the organization Popu
lists being understood to corsider that
the present one Is too asso
ciated with Peffers paraljzlr r whiskers
and Jerry Simpsons sockless condi
tion to be altogether a drawing card
We are unable to think of any good to
bo accomplished bj the suggested re
form In the under
stands Populism and the Populists They
would be exactlj the same no matter
what they might call themselves
PERSONAL
Mr IC C the Speaker of the
House of Commons went to Cambridge
when he was onlj 17 jears of age He
was the yeungest undergraduate of his
time In the university
Charlotte Cipriani a graduate of the
University of Chicago is the first woman
to receive the degree of doctor of letters
from the Unlversitv of Paris
The j oung Egjptian Khedive is said to
possess the most costly set of harness in
the world It is made of black leather
with chased gold buckles and collars or
namented with the same costly metal
The pad cloths are also embroidered with
gold and the set Is said to have cost
i2W0 It is for tour horses and is used
on all state occasions
Prof Rudolf Virchow his Just received
from the Kaiser the Prussian order
Pour le merite He would hive received
It long ago had it not been for the active
part he took in politics as an advanced
Radical
Baron rr inchetti has composed an
opera Germanla the words the
poet llllca describing the war of llnera
tlon In Germany In Napoleons time The
scene of the lost act is the battlefield of
Jena
Charles B Rouss of New York his an
nounced his Intention of giving 5A to
the pro Ksed Winchester Va Memorial
Hospital Tills generous donation cou
pled with Juo0 already ralsvd will as
sure the erection of tho building
Since his accession In 1SS3 Emperor
William has made 10 speeches In pub
lic twenty two of which were In French
eighteen in English thrt in Russian and
the remainder In German
A handsome Celtic cross is to be erected
in the grounds of Balmoral Castle as a
memorial of Duke Alfred of
The cross which Is con
structed of granite from a neighboring
quarrv was ordered last autumn by
Queen Victor l
As an initiative to secure higher tax
assessments in Cleveland Mnvor Tom
Johnson h is isked the arsessor to in
crease the vahntion on his home in Eu
clid Avenue from J200 to Jioo a foot
Rev Dr A L PhlllliS of Nashville
has been appointed general supt rtntendent
of Sund ij schools of the Southern
Church a position created by
the last General
Trnu Hedwls Uel has start d a cook
ing school for doctors In Bf rlln More
thin 100 eminent phs tleinns from France
Russia and Italy ns well as Germany
hive already taken the course und It is
reportid that branch schools of the same
kind are shortly to be establish d In
other capitals of Europe
The Khedive of Egipt is on energetic
flr man and Ins eich of his palaces sup
plied with the latest appliances Period
ical drills of his domisllcs are thoroughly
carried out He occa ionally turns them
out on fulse alarms and finds that they
answer to his satisfaction
FOREIGN TOPICS
The use of hjpnotism tus a means of
legal investigation has Just been sanction
ed by the Ghent Court of Appeals in re
gard to a case known as tho Borreman
trial which It was found impossible to
clacidate by means of ordinary evidence
It appears that In the course of certain
celebrations held at Alost in June 1S9D
M W Borreman a merchant of that
town was seriously injured and as a re
sult upward of twenty arrests were made
Four of the defendants were fined and one
condemned to two months imprisonment
while damages were awarded to the plain
tiff An appeal was subsequently made
on behalf of defendants and a new trial
has been in progress for some time past
One of the principal points put forward
by M Borreman was that as a result
of the attack made upon him he suffered
from deafness Medical examination hav
ing failed to give satisfactory evidence
as to the degree of deafness from which
he suffered Its cause or the probabilltj
of curing It three experts who had charge
of the cafe and among whom is a pro
fessor of Ghent University submitted
that In order to elucidate these points
thej should hjpnotlze M Borreman The
latter having given his consent the court
has Just sanctioned the rnrr lnir nnt nf
the proposal
This is the first time In Belgium that
the use of hjpnotism has been sanctioned
for Judicial purposes The result is await
ed with considerable Interest
The accident at the Nlmes bullfight
some time ago In which one man was
tossed and another gored to death draws
atttntlon to a most curious game which
as uunugntlng steadll gains ground in
tho south of France Is becoming very
popular among the Merldionales
If it were not unhappily merely the pre
lude to the gross butchery of the real
Spanish game the Jeu de la Cocarde
would have much to recommend It to a
the poor and lowly mid while a father place on the list of trials of strength for
can afford to have his small sen man
gled by a car and pay the doctors
bills and lose the services of the boy
In possible emergencies vvheie such ser
vices would depend upon sound health
the corporation cannot afford to pay
ic is essentially an amateurs game re
quiring the highest daring and skill while
it need Involve no cruelty to the bull
The cocarde is a little tuft of feathers
and ribbons Two of these are fastened
to the bulls horns and he is then turned
Into the ring where the plajers all on
i i re awa
anaiiing mm xne game Is now
live tnousand dollars ror every boy wno to excite the bull Into charging and for
Is run over by a careless motormdn I ths the usual red cloths are vsed
It is wise therefore tho lhe moment that the bull dashes
to
therefore to assess the Into
the red
J nig the plajer steps deftly
father the costs of the suit that he may aside and Instead of sticking a cruel ban
serve as a warning to his neighbors 2lS Si0 anlma - nektrIcs to
SJ10 the cocarde from the bulls horns
t r i i
Possibly such decisions as these are The game of course is won by the first
to bear off the little trophy but the bull
usunuy manages to bear his plumes a
long time before being bereft of them
Although some of the stories told are
obvious exaggerations there seems to be
no doubt that the British Government was
cheated right and left in the vast pur
chases of horses rnsdc In for
the campaign in South Africa The orig
inal contractor It Is said sold out to a
Breslau speculator who made still lower
terms with a Vienna horse dealer who
made a rare collection of equine curiosi
ties The animals were supposed to be
all flvc j ear olds but were of all
ages from three jears up Some of them
vyere blind and some of them were mares
In foal Out of the first bitches great
numbers practically one half were
promptlj rejected by representatives of
the British War Office but In the end by
some sort of hocus pocus nearly all of
them were passed and sent to the front
where as was to be expected they died
like flies The profits of the original con
tractors of course must have been enor
mous although there is no way of esti
mating them exactlj Report sajs that
the British Government Dald 400 florins for
each animal whereas the vast majority
of them were bought for about 110 or 125
florins apiece The matter has been made
the subject of In the House of
Commons and the scandal is likely to be
probed Whether there has been actual
corruption on the part of any British
army officers or veterinarians remains to
oe proveo
It is expected that a new era for or
ganized labor will begin with the formal
opening of the palace of labor which Is
now approaching completion In the Place
du Plelx Paris It Is a mammoth affair
with 270 feet frontage and a depth of 120
feet It has been built by funds collected
from the various labor unions of Paris
with slight asslstaree from tho
This concrete symbol of the power of
united labor Is regarded as the beginning
of great achievements by the trades or
ganizations It will it Is thought serve
to solidarize all the labor of Paris and
France and will enable workers to pre
sent to capital a front in which there
will not be found a stnjrlo weak spot
The building Is surmounted by a tre
mendous dome In which are meeting
halls for all the labor organizations In tho
country There is a large central meet
ing hall with two wings and besides
thtce the palace contains a restaurant
various committee rooms and libraries
About SW 000 remains to be collected for
the completion of the palace The State
naa oeen asK si to contnoute this num
and enthusiastic worklngmen have of
fered to donate their services for tho
work
Large cmplojers of labor do not ex
press approval or regret at this mani
fest tender cv toward consolidation It
was expected that would contribute
needed funds for the completion of the
pilace Thli however they have not
done
The annuil report of the commissioners
of prisons of the United Kingdom which
has Just been presented to the House of
Commons shows a gratlfjlng decrease of
crime During the j ear 1900 181336 persons
were committed to prison 133OSG being
men and 4D250 women During the jear
1S51S2 were discharged leaving 15S70 pris
oners In at the end of the year
which was a decrease from 1C593 at the
close Of ISM
The number of prisoners received at
local prisons that Is those who were con
victed of petty offences was 1K4G0 which
was n considerable falling off the total
for the previous jear being 1600H The
population of the local prisons at the close
of the jear was 134M a reduction from
14 15G at the end of the previous jear
There has been a gradual reduction dur
ing the last twenty jeirs In 1S7S tho to
tal was 20 833 In 1SS0 it was 19838 in 1S0S
14 957 This is very gratlfjlng in consid
eration of the Increase of population
The collapse of the Ito Ministry which
was due to tho repudiation
of the budget submitted by Viscount
Avatanabe Minister of Finance has
caused some apprehension abroad as to
the condition of the finances
of the Japanese Empire The defeat of
of the was due to compli
cations In the Liberal and in the
Cabinet It does not reveal anj weakness
or In the financial sjstem
Another fact that has added to this ap
prehension is the selling of Government
lands at the low- rite of S9 This latter
fact may be accounted tor reidily by the
stringency In the money mirket due not
to bird times but to itself
Capital can find better profit In business
enterprise thin In Government bonds at
5 per cent
All visitors to Japan agree in the opin
ion thit there Is nn air of proieritj
everj where that wages are rllng In
fact hive been doubled Inside or ten
jears that business Is good and all in
dustrial enterprises are appirently suc
cessful In addition to this the n itlnnal
rev dine Is now- more thin JlWOiiOOOO a
yeir insteid of K00OOO ten jears ago
the Governments rec ipts from its own
property and works aro 24Ol0O0 now as
against Jl OnOOOO a decide ago and the
receipts from the liquor tax hive In
crease from RJTOOOO to De
spite this tremendous Increiso In revenue
there his not been the slightest lrcrease
in taxation and In fact taxation Is lighter
now than it wis ten jtars ago
A lOTUNT rtCT
After all labor and cipltal ns rep
resented In strikes compose a comp ira
tlvelj small part of the American people
possibly one fifteenth The great mass
of our people are not concerned
at all and have no interest other than to
see that the law is obejed or preserved
and justice is done to and by both sides
This l not a countrj of capitalist and
laborer It Is a country of American citi
zens This simple but potent fact la some
times in dinger of being forgotten Nor
folk Pilot
w
POLITICAL COMMENT
The shrewd and veteran Republican
politicians did bottle up the strenuous
Roosevelt It was a wonderful case of
subsidence Mexican Herald
Those Man Und Republicans counted
11000 dead men In the recent census They
must have thought It was an election
Atlanta Journal
If tho Navy Department officials who
by the way did no fightingdont stop
thj jealous fussing a good many people
will be sorry there ever was a Spanish
war Cleveland Plain Denier
We let Britain get ahead of us In fos
tering her merchant steam fleet In tho
North Pacific Now wc are letting her Ket
ahead of us In lajing a Pacific cable
Under nil the circumstances had we not
better pause a little before wc bras again
that America licks creation Hoton
Journal
Mr doesnt seem to know tho
difference between hlRtory and vilifica
tion Baltimore World
It Is said that the Steel Trust strike
is costing both sides to the controversy
MO000 a all of which goes to show
how much arbitration would be worth
to the country In this one bit of trouble
alone Boston Herald
If not Roosevelt why not Long Why
should Massachusetts with Its loyal
record to the Republican nlwajs
take a back seat vv orcester Spy
The civil war be regarded as for
gotten now that Colonel Mosby the
famous Confederate leader has been ap
pointed a special agent of the Land Office
and assigned to duty in Nebraska Bos
ton Globe
When a little brown man gets killed by
the United States of America In the
process of benevolent assimilation It is
for his own good Hartford Times
Only a few dajs ago the despatches
contained an account of how a creditor
had to wait thirty years for the settle
ment of an honest debt against the Gov
ernment This Governments slowness In
pajing its debts to Its own people Is a
national scandaL Sav annah News
The silence of Roosevelt Is becoming
oppressive He and Tom Reed are run
ning a close race at siv lne nothing
Advertiser
Carnegie Is still perplexed with 5280000
000 on hand which he took from con
sumers under the robber tariff and re
fused to divide with his workmen -who
made the money Birmingham Age
Herald
The keynote of the speech of Sir Henry
Campbell Bannerman the Liberal leader
In England was according to the Speak
er the argument that it Is foreign to
the British genius and foreign to the
traditions that have made the British
Empire to attempt to govern a white
people without Its consent This puts
the Opposition party in England on the
platform of the American Declaration of
Independence from which the in
power In this country has side stepped
a bit New York World
President Schwab of the Steel Trust is
now In a position where he should be able
to use part of that good advice he has
been giving to little boj s Chicago News
It Is nnnounced that Secretary Long has
decided to ask the next Congress to pro
vide the necessary appropriations for the
construction of two battleships and two
cruisers And this is to be the extent of
his naval programme How absurd If
we are to be a world power wo should let
no jear go by without authorizing the
construction of at least battle
ships fort j -nine cruisers and
torpedo boat destroyers to say
nothing of a few dozen submarine craft
Buffalo Express
By ordering a yacht to be made in this
country Emperor William not only con
fers a mirk of distinction on the Ameri
can shipbuilder but also distributes
marks of another sort St Louis Re
public
Senator Hanna said at Washington
Monday I am not a candidate for
President But then he quickly added
I think it would be very bad taste for
anj body to say he is just now Des
Moines Leader
The busy practical American accus
tomed to tho plain and democratic cus
toms of the courts of this country will
rgard the trial of Earl Russell
before the British House of Lords
as a great success as a comic opera but
In other respets a farce Baltimore
Herald
If all the beneficiaries In the United
States of the divorce laws of Nevada the
Dakotas and other Western States were
brought Into court ard convicted the
prisons of this would have a
large and varied assortment of Inmates
Baltimore Sun
The Boers will conquer the American
mule or die Houston Post
Algers proposed on
the Spanish American war will go Into
the chemical features of It in detail
St Louis Globe Democrat
Russia will have to take core of Itself
this jear Kansas has no corn crop
Atchison Globe
Some of the Republicans in Kentucky
are demanding the nomination of W S
Taj lor for Governor It was supposed
thit Kentuckj would want a candidate
with nerve enough when accused of crime
to in the State and demand a trial
Pittsburg Dispatch
The only people In this country who
take the British side In the South African
war are those who have mules to sell
Philadelphia Ledger
Maclaj s Naval Historj takes the
credit of Santiago from Schley Conse
quently his pen Is mightier thin Samp
sons sworu i niiaueipnia iiiks
THE MACL VY HISTORY
The most rancorous attack ever made
upon Admiral Schley is tint of Edgar
Stanton Maclay who has hitherto borne
a creditable reputation as the author of
a of the United States Navy None
of Admiral Sampsons supporters In the
disgraceful controversy over the engage
ment at Santiago his gene so far in per
sonal abuse and dishonorable Imputation
as this professional student of history
His narration of the events of the war
with Spiln Is so manifestly Inaccurate
and prejudiced thit It raises suspicion as
to the value of his previous work Not
onlv should tho third volume of Maclaj s
history of the navy be barred from use
at the Naval Academy at Annapolis but
the earlier volumes which have been ac
cepted as standard text books should be
subjected to tbo most searching examina
tion The Government has hon
ored Admiral Schley for his services To
permit the use of Maclaj s would
be to put the stamp of approval upon his
malevolent f ilslficatlons
Not onlv has Maclaj perverted the rec
ords for his own purpose but throughout
his tone of comment on Schleys conduct
Is unfair and virulent
Such statements are not Judlciil or con
troversial Thej are gross inexcusable
and Insulting lies Thej are only the
more offensive because thej come from a
man who professes to be an honest
student am a truthful chronlchr of the
historj of the United Stitis Navy Phila
delphia North Amerlcm
nit x vtiov vi mm
The Amerlcm bild headed eagle became
tlie natioml bird after considerable
opposition and criticism Dr Franklin
was in favor of the wild He re
plied to tho criticism that it is a timid
bird by retorting thit the eagle Is also a
rank coward It will fly nwaj with a
weak Iamb or a can less fish which has
bisKed too near the surface of the
stream but a king bird a robin or a
crow will chase one of them off a 100
acrc farm lu a few minutes If he sets
about It In enrnest The scream of the
eugle Is reallj less terrible than the voice
of an angry gobbler and of the two the
gobbler Is the more Imposing as he struts
about with vpread tall and trailing wings
the verj essence of unurmed ferocltj
Considering his natural weipon the gob
bler n put up as good a tight as the
eagle If not better but the eagle was
chosen because nature gave him a
tie beak and claws Chicago Journal
i
LATE LEGAL DECISIONS
Where an employe in a aawmlll whlla
on his jrajr to discharge a duty which
he has been ordered to perform In pass
ing along one of tho open public thor
oiifhfares of the mill stops to exchango
a remark with a fellow employe concern
ing the operation of tho machinery of tho
mill and Is struck and Injured by a belt
which breaks at the moment the Su
premo Court of Louisiana Moor vs Pick
ering Lumber Company 23 So Rep 990
holds that he will not bo held guilty of
such contributory negligence as will pre
clude his recovery of damages because
he happened to mop In front of the pulley
which carrld the belt that Injured him
If the plate waa too unsafe to be used
for such a purpose It ought not to have
been kept open n a common passage or
thoroughfare The court further holds
that It was not a sufficient defence to
say that the mm when Injured was not
emitted In the discharge of any work
for the mill but woe merely Idling Mnce
It waa not Incomdntent with the proper
discharge of the duty to which he wis
assigned that he should have exchanged
a few words with a fcllow cmploj e
concerning a matter of common Interest
to them and to their emplojer
The officers of a loan company believ
ing that a crime had been committed
sent to police headquarters for a police
Inspector An Inspector came to the of
fice and thc offlcers told him all the ma
terial facts it the case but they did not
direct him to begin a prosecution They
expected that ho would mike further In
vestigation and that If In the end he
determined that the case should bo pros
ecuted he would act accordingly but
did not direct him to act as their
agent The person suspected was arrested
the police Inspector whereupon she
began an action for malicious prosecu
tion against -the loan company on tho
ground that the officers of the company
had Instigated the prosecution
The trial court gave Judgment in favor
of the compaaj and on appeal the Su
preme Court Massachusetts afflrmed
this Judgment The court held that the
police Inspector acted in his
and not as an agent of the com
pany and that because tho company
stated the facts to the officer did not
affect the principle of law governing the
case If a person said the court dis
closes fairly and truthfully to the officer
whose duty it Is to detect crime all mat
ters within his knowledge which as a
man of ordinary intelligence he is bound
to suppose would have a material bi
upon the question of the lnnocenf
guilt of the person suspected and le
It to the officer to act entirely upon
own Judgment and rcspcnsibllity
public officer ns to whether or not ti
shall be a criminal prosecution andcu
no more he cannot be held
an action for malicious prosecutu
even if the officer comes to the wire
conclusion and prosecutes when he our
not to do so Burnham vsi Collater4
Loan Company 60 N E Rep C17
I
A person who Is deprived of the oppor
tunity of attending the funeral of his
grandmother by the failure of tho
telegraph company to deliver a tele
gram to him announcing her death can
not recover damages against the com
pany according to the Supreme Court of
Indiana In the case of Western Union
Telegraph Compiny vs Ferguson 60 N
E Rep G74 because he suffered neither
pecuniary nor bodily injury and mental
anguish alone is not an element of dam
ages
A by law of a fraternal organization
known as Court Lov c and Truth pro
hibited a m mber from leaving his ho ico
without consent of the court phjslciau
while claiming sick hsaiefits A Judgment
was obtained against the organization by
one of Its members for sick benefits and
a new trial was asked on the ground
that new evidence had been discovered
to the effect that the member left his
house without the consent of the court
physician but with the consent of a
phj slcian who was attending him and
went to the lodge of the organization
lhe Supreme Court of Rhode island held
that this evidence if shown as claimed
would add nothing by way of substantial
defence
An office of a hotel is a public place
within a city ordinance providing for
punishment of any persons quarreling or
wrangling in a public plaee according to
the Supreme Court of Kansas in the case
of City of Howard vs Stroud 65 Pac
Rep 247
In an action a third party against
the trustee In in the Circuit
Court In which the had been
adjudged to the plaintiff as the owner
Judge Boarman of the United States
Circuit Court E D Louisiana in the
case of McFarland Carriage Company vs
Solanes 108 Fed Rep 332 holds that the
landlord of a bankrupt who was entitled
tne btate statute to a lien lor rent
upon all propertj kept upon the leased
premises with the consent of the owner
was entitled to intervene and assert such
lien against the proceeds of such proporty
sold bj the trustee N
When a public officer is removed for
specified causes the Supreme Court of
Ohio in the case of State vs Hoglan 69
N E Rep 627 holds that such facts
must be stated as In Judgment of law
constitute the cause relied on and an op
portunity afforded the officer to be heard
before he can be removed by the
major and the misconstruction of a
statute about which there may be an
honest difference of opinion Is not such
evidence of Incompetencv or misconduct
in the officer as to warrant his removal
on either of there grounds
Though officers of a corporation may
own substantially all of Its stock th
Court of Appeal of New York In th
case of Saranac etc It Co v s Arnold
00 N E Rep 647 holds that they can
not appropriate Its or money tt
their own use and if they so appropriate
it they are equally liable as if suet
money or property had belonged to an In
dividual
A justice of the peace cannot legally
serve a summons himself which he hat
issued and if he does so he acquires no
Jurisdiction thereby of the defendants
Txrson according to the Supreme Court
of Mississippi in the case of McDugle vs
Fllmer 23 so itep xx
In North Carolina a note endorsed and
transferred a married woman without
her husband s knowledge or consent does
not vest the title In the endorsee accord
ing to the Supreme CourtoT that State In
the case of Vann vs Edwards C9 S E
Rep 66
A train on reaching a station stopped a
little before the baggage car was placed
agilnst the baggage to be taken on A
m in was standing on the platform of a
passenger car supporting himself by
having his hand In position on the door
facing The train was then moved for
ward gcntlj and without Jerking and
stopped and the door ol the coach shut
itself catching the mans hand In the
Jimb nnd injuring it Dadly On these
facts tte Supreme Court of North Caro
lina Skinner vs Wilmington eta R Co
39 S E Rep 63 held thit the railroad
Company was not liable for damages as
there was no negligence in the manage
ment of the train
In an action for breach of nromUe the
Supreme Court of California in the case
of Leibbrandt vs Sorg 63 Pac Rep SIS
holds that the shock and injury to the
pi llntlfts affections occasioned defen
dant having vlotat d his promise consti
tute a proper element of damages
In a prosecution of a member of a com
mon council for soliciting a bribe to In
fluence the passage of a certain ordinance
the Supreme Court Massachusetts In
the cuse of Biggins vs State CO N B
Rep CsJ holds that evidence that he
hid previously solicited a bribe with
reference to anjther ordinance Is admis
sible to show his Intent or notice
In an action ti recotr damiges for th
Usurpation of an office the Supremo
CVurt of Ohio In the cise of Palmer vs
Dirbj CO N E Rep 626 holds that On
onlv d images recoverable are the emolu
ments or salarv pert lining to tho omc
du ing the time It was unlawful with
he Id from the rightful claimant

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