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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1901-1902, August 11, 1901, Image 6

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Pu 11 lea t on Offer
xixe aiTrrciiirs uuiLDixa
Subscription by Mull One Tear
lij Carrier r
Monxiso Evening dsuscat Ffftt cents
Woumnq ano sumay Tlitrtti ftrc cenU
Evemno axdSumiay TTiirf JSre rtnti
Wasiiingtov I C
iMtilntlon statement
The circulation of The Times for the week
ended Augiiot 10 1W1
ur av Vtijrust 4
Monday Aujnist 5
Tuesday Auxu t C
Wednesday Aujcuat
Thursdav Vugtist 8
Fridav npiist y
was as follows
IS 730
3 5T5
M10 5
cseturdj uim 1U 39073
Iafl avcrape Ounday ls730 excepted
1 he Right to Utstruj Prosperity
During the past forty eight hours
two men of national standing and rep
utation have expressed opinions regard
ing the great steel strile that -will at
tract widespread attention We refer
to Monsignor Ireland Roman Catholic
Archbishop of St Paul and Represent
ative Livingston of Georgia a mem
ber of the Industrial Commission
Within a few dajs a report has been
circulated to the effect that Arch
bishop Ireland was endeavoring to en
act the role of mediator between the
Steel Trust and the strikers Yester
day he declared that he neither had
been asked by anone to accept such
a mission nor would he do so if invited
Concerning the strike at large among
other things he said
While the rlt ht to enter upon a strike I and
must he conceded a a right IWorjrinc to the
personal freedom of vrcrluncmen
this much
must ever be demanded and in the name of the
same principle of personal freedom under which
men act who refuse to work that thee who cease
to work must in no way interfere with the liberie
of others who ma wLsh to work The personal
frce dom of the individual citizen is the most
sacred and jrecloiu inheritance of Americans
The Constitution and the laws authorize it the
spirit of the countre proclaims it the proientj
cf the people the very life of the nation re
quire it
UhetMir the other interest at stake that of
controversy to pender the remarks of
Representative Livingston of Georgia
on the situation In an Interview jes
terday he Is quoted as saying
The people of thss country can hardly realize
the intense feeling vvlich exists between the
representatives of capital on the one side and
organized lalior on the other is thine are
coni now it will require pronpt method hy
the ov eminent and cxtremel d lioite handling
or the subject to preent a revoljtunary eon
test IWwecn capital and labor So desf irate
are some of the contending force that
destruction of piopertv and even bloodshed
canpot be- averted unless a strong hand Inter
feres to prevent these constant distuibanccs of
the Jiusinossjif the c untrj
Till- state of affairs cannot go on much
1or rr natliout hCrioil consequences Tlie ten
sion is so strong and the feelinjr so ntene that
without- bcjng4ii alarmist I be beve a conflict
between ciintal and lalK r can onlv lie averted
vth jnoat iiutlous conservative and at llie
same time positive interference bv the riauonai
Utu4 rpment Die interests of the trusts an
the lalior Gigimzations should not be permitted
to hate full swav ami jeopardiie the interests of
the irreat mass of the people who are not dircct
li interested in either of these two warring
combination Tlie middleman that is the man
who is neither anuml r of the tru ts or a
labor organization will Is the principal suflerer
in the caseof strife between capital and lalior
and as that clis far outnumlKrs those enjaped
In tl e war of tlifitrtists in all justice and fairness
and in the interest of pood covemment the
should receive prompt and successful protection
under the laws of the Inttcd stales
How long is it supposable that more
than million people will
tolerate a devasting economic war be
tween a billion dollars on one side and
a labor organization of perhaps one
hundred thousand men on the other
when that war is found to disturb
values and business conditions disas
trously and to threaten prospetity and
livelihoods from end to end of the coun
try Neither party to the contest will
be permitted to continue the wrecking
for very long or we are greatly mis
taken Somewhere authority will be
found to call e halt and means to make
the call effective There vv ill be war on
Monday no doubt and perhaps violent
hostilities following but- later there
will be Intervention and should there
be riot and bloodshed it is liable to
come quickly
The Censure of Einnx
Inasmuch as Rear Admiral Evans
was at the Navy Department the other
day and in friendly consultation with
his friends Hackett and Crowninshield
it Is hardly to be presumed that the
censure which he has received for
the attacks upon ex Secretary Chand
ler contained in his book A Sailors
Log has surprised him On the con-
the personal freedom of the individual outranks1 trary it is considered in naval circles
luein 411 mu iiiu muse uc euMxuit u een 11 eiiusc
- 1 i nn it
i here In Washington that the censure
are to be sacrificed Veither Mate nor fellow
citizen mav interfere with my personal liberty Is a very clever piece of composite work
This is the very core of Americanism This is vhich will be
tn probabIe resuU of to
the teaching positive and clear of natural and
ef Christian ethics It is not for me to dispute satisfy the public that the Department
the benefit that mav be believed to accrue to s F ncere in condemning hlh infraction
the worlciiurman from labor unions nor am I
prepared to say from the information that comes J of propriety and professional ethics
to me through newspapers that n tlie present and at the same time to prevent a
oimofTnirdrnoljtrTcr Ct demand for a court martial which It
this must be ever emphatically asserted and might be difficult for Secretary Long
maintained as an inviolable principle that how- Q rebf
ever much labor unions ma have reason to
widen their muster rolL and however much the In effect the censure lets Rear Ad-
bave the leual and moral njht to do this through rniral Evans down easy and will not In
pacific and persuasive methods they must not
attempt to vVrcst from men outside their ranks me aueci ins sianuing
the right to work or to seek to coerce them at the department Sampsons approval
into - 1 I1 W1 - attacks iTun1
inactivity by illegal or unjust upon
their civil and moral freedom
Fquitv and law are superior to the personal
welfare of an individual or of aggregations of in
dividuals and cquitv and law demand that the
personal freedom of the citizen whoever lie is
be made sacred and secure o long 3S this free-
of the iaclay scurrility has not hurt
Mm any He stands ajs well today as
Lgan does atthe Adjutant Generals
We are not in the confidence- of the
dom Is resitected the questions evoked in the
- 11 i j
William E Chandler and do
present strike mi be left in my opinion to Hon not
the men emploers or employes who are
conecmed in it altliouglt meanwhile all citizens
have xnanv lessons to hope and to pra that
Irotherly love and calm counsel will prevail both
amoiur employer and cmploes and that peace
will soon again reign in the land
There can be no doubt that tfce
statement of perhaps the foremost
Catholic prelate In the United States
as above given reflects the public sen
timent of the country Conceding that
the principle for which the Amalga
mated Association Is fighting Is correct
and that their caue Is a righteous one
It could not and does not follow that
In order to obtain from a single com
bination of capital recognition of rights
or privileges asserted by n organiza
tion limited in numbers and Importance
compared with the aggregate popula
tion and business Interests of the
country the activities of the whole na
tion should be demoralized and placed
In danger Exactly as Archbishop Ire
land puts It the right to labor is abso
lutely as sacred as the right to strike
and refrain from labor Interference
with the right of any man to work at
what wages and on what terms he
pleases Is anarchy pure and simple and
fo it alvvajs has been regarded and
treated by the American people and
their constituted authorities
In tating this proposition we do not
lose sight of the oppression of labor
which has resulted from the growth of
the great trusts and monopolies of
which the Steel Trust Is a most flag
rant example But when men have had
a legitimate remedy open to them and
deliberately have failed to avail them
selves of it their right afterward to
seek means of redress which must In
olve the whole nation in trouble and
loss Is to say the least -very question
able In 1ES6 and again in 1S00 the
workingmen of America held the politi
cal balance of power In enough States
to have saved the country from domi
nation by the trusts They chose to
put the trusts in power and since
March 4 197 those combinations have
controlled the executive and legisla
tive brandies of the Government com
pletely and as to the rights and inter- J
csts of the wage worker remorselessly
The Iron steel and tin vvoVkers who
served the Carnegles and their kind
Miffer with other divisions of the array
of labor They are equally responsible
with others for the conditions against
which now they would precipitate an
economic revolution upon the country
President Shaffer of the Amalgamated
Association has been and may be now
a preacher of McKlnley prosperity
and has helped to raise the Chinese wall
of prohibitive tariff and robber monop
oly against which he and Ms followers
are butting their heads He and they
und all the Industrial army have been
ivrong in aiding in the establishment of
B 6 stem which all patriotic Americans
have Fecn from the beginning would
lead to the enslavement of the masses
But the class certain to become the
earliest victim of the change in our in
stitutions from a basis of individual
ism free competition and an open
chance for all free men to that of the
concentration of all wealth and public
utilities in the hands of a few multi
millionaires has used Its political power
to promote the change Now national
opinion will hold It bound to subordi
nate its Immediate Interests and griev
ances to the good of the whole people
It the workers of the United States had
done their duty at the polls last No
vember the Steel Trust would not ex
ist today and thestrike would not have
occurred On the threshold of what
now promises to be the most bitter and
ieplorable struggle between labor and
capital in the history of the Republic
It would be well for all parties to the
know how the Department disposition of
the Evans matter may appeal to him
It is possible that he may consider the
Hackett treatment as hardly heroic
enough for the disease In that event
he still may think it worth while to
take the case before Congress where
he has many friends among his former
colleagues On the other hand it may
occur to him that Mr McKinley might
not think it grateful on his part to stir
up another scandal in the navy when
the Spanish claims fatted calf has
been killed fcr him and it will take
him the remainder of his life to eat the
last of its chops So possibly he may
stay his vengeful hand and buy extra
copies of the Log that hit him
Mr KoliertM on Gold lrocluctiein
The writings official and otherwise
of United States Mint Director George
E Roberts clearly show that he has a
strong and comprehensive knowledge
of the foundation principles of mone
tary science No other oilicial of the
present Adninlstration has discussed
the subject so exhaustively or so well
There is nothing strange in this for his
position calls for a thorough grasp of
the subject and It is generally under
stood that his appointment as Mint
Director was In recognition of the abil
ity with which he combated the free
silver coinage Idea in 1695 6 It Is how
ever most remarkable that a man who
understands the subject so well and
who entertains the lews which Mr
Roberts so ably expresses should have
been one of the most effective cham
rlons of the gold standard In the great
monetary struggle of 1SSC The truth
is that Mr Roberts statements of fact
and arguments based thereon are ut
terly antagonistic to the claims and
contentions upon which the champion
ship of the gold standard has been
If Mr Roberts article in the August
number of the North American Re
ew had appeared over the signature
of Senator John P Jones Gen A J
Warner or the Hon Charles A Towne
the bimetallic friends of these gentle
men would have detected in it little If
an thing inconsistent with their writ
ings and speeches in the days when
the silver Issue was at its height From
beginning to end Mr Roberts essay
recognizes the quantitative principle
upon which the bimctallists planted
themselves as the basis of their conten
tion He does not in terms accept tlie
quantitative theory but he admits the
facts from which the theory is deduced
His article is Intended to show or at
least to suggest some of the probable
results of the enlarged gold production
and he gravely contemplates the possi
bility of Its becoming so vast and con
tinuing so long as seriously to disturb
values that are based upon the gold
For example Mr Roberts sas
When every man is at work when all
the productive forces of society ate In
full action you cannot make the world
richer by pouring money Into it You
reach the point then where addition
means dilution where the new supply
can And employment only by a decrease
in the value of the old Btock When
this occurs all business relations based
upon terms of money are disturbed
There is a distinct admission that th
more abundant the supply of money
the cheaper it will be To state the
principle with economic exactness an
other point should be added namely
that money will cheapen with increas
ing supply If other conditions remain
the same It can readily be seen that
there might be an enormous Increase of
money supply with a corresponding In
crease of demand for it in which event
there would be no cheapening of the
money that is to say no loss of pur
chasing power Rut It was not neces
sary for Mr Roberts to state this point
as he was assuming a case in which the
supply was increasing mire rapidly
than the demand
Again theMint Director savs The
conclusion that an increase in the
stock of money will permanently affect
Interest rates is however a mistake
due to a confusion ofldeas An in
crease in the stock of money will even
tually find expression In a depreciation
of the value of money as compared
with commodities but -interest Is a
pavment In kind and suffers the same
depreciation In value as the principal
without an reduction in the rate It
may be added to what Mr Roberts savs
concerning interest rates that an In
creasing stock of money by stimulating
business frequently raises the rate of
interest by increasing the demand for
loans But the main pofnf to which at
tention is diected is the fact that an
increase of money will find expression
In a depreciation of money as com
pared with commodities Then Mr
Roberts points out how the great gold
discoveiies of California and Australia
cheapened money quoting Jevons to
the effect that the shrinkage was not
less than nine per cent and probably
Many other quotations could be given
but t is unnecessary as the whole arti
cle is intended to deal with the question
whether gold Is likely to become super
abundant All of this is diametrically
opposed to the sterotyped arguments
In favor of gold with which the welkin
was made to ring in ISM and again in
1900 Leading advgeates of the gold
standard denied the quantitative theory
in toto insisting that the quantltybf
money made no difference in Its value
and that the value of gold never
charged because It was Intrinsic In
the monetarydebate at the Omaha Ex
position in 1S9S every advocate of the
gold standard who touched the point
I at all ridiculed the quantitative theory
If the value of gold is fixed and un
changing because it Is intrinsic it is
a sheer waste of time for Mr Roberts
to discuss the possibility of the metal
depreciating thiough excessive abund
ance for it matters not how abundant
it may become its value can never
change according to gold standard phil
But the Mint Director Is right about
It nevertheless The denial of the quan
titative theory was a political denial
not an economic one The conclusion
reached by Mr Roberts is that with the
close of the Boer war the annual pro
duction of gold may easily rise to four
hundred million dollars and that un
less new uses spring up for it the
metal will be likely to depreciate These
new uses he thinks will be found In
the development of China and other Ori
ental countries now employing silver
As jet though It may be remarked
there seems to be no cause for alarm
over the prospective depreciation of
gold The metal did fall in value from
the latter part of 1897 until February
1900 but no more than enough to rep
resent a healthful and Invigorating ad
vance in the prices of commodities a
condition vhiehalvvavs jrmrks a period
of business revival Since the date last
named prlcesliav e been slowly falling
again which is only another way of
saing that gold has been rlEing in
value How It will be if the production
reaches lour hundred millions annually
and is long continued at that rate we
of course cannot say but It Is safe to
conclude that business will move apace
and that there will be no depreciation
of gold that will make It necessary to
force Its use upon China and other sil
ver countries in order to save capital
ists from loss But we will not go into
that now
We will simply remark in closing that
there certainly is npne too much gold
now although the production is nearly
three hundred millions a year Neither
Mr Roberts nor aiijone else whose
opinion Is of any value will claim that
gold has become superabundant What
then would be the condition If the out
put were only one hundred millions as
It was In the early eighties Even as
late as 161t the production had not In
creased sufficiently to 1111 the void
caused by the demonetization of silver
for the value of gold was still rising
Such being the case it is evident that
the supply of gold was not sufficient for
the worlds monetary requirements and
the objections to it based upon the
quantitative principle were absolutelj
sound The bimetallic iEsue would still
be alive and pressing if the supply of
gold had not Increased bejond all ex
Siiinll Uuroiicnn MiitcN lliiccitirngecl
It is said that the smaller and weaker
nations of Europe are finding much en
couragement in the prolonged resist
ance which the Boers are making to the
British invaders The manner in which
fifty or sixty thousand fighting Boers
have held out against the power of
Great Britain has given rise to the feel
ing in Holland Belgium Switzerland
and other little countries that they
might be able to defend themselves
against any of the great Powers
Undoubtedly the Boer war has been
an object lesson but it will hardly jus
tify any excessive confidence in the
smaller European States of thtir ability
to stand off the great Powers It mut
be remembered that the geography of
their country has done much for the
fighting Dutchmen of South Africa and
that they have done much more for
themselves No country in Europe can
make such a struggle as the Boers have
unless the people are prepared to con
duct a war In Boer fashion
In the first place the small territorial
area of Holland Belgium and Switzer
land is much against them making It
comparatively easy to overrun the
countries Their proximity to the great
Powers with which they might become
engaged is another disadvantage But
aside from these considerations it Is ob
vious that the Boos have kept up the
struggle only by making efforts and
sacrifices entirely without parallel In
civilized warfare Practically the en
tire male population of the two Re
publics took the field Homes and
kindred were nbaneloned and they he
came mere military rovers fighting
when they could do so to advantage
avoiding engagements wlien they
decmed It advisable living upon the
country wherever they went indiffer
ent to all property losses and lesolved
to continue to war to the extreme point
of their phsical endurance
Whether any European State with Its
accumulated wealth and capitalistic
classes could be relied upon to make
such sacriilres may well be doubted
Wealth la always timid the capital
ists are always for peace In presence
of a superlorj enemy It is not likely
that a war between Holland and Ger
many or between Trance and Belgium
would last ten days
VIcnrloD i 1nnUhinent
Not long aiw in New York a group of
bojs engaged in teasing a small dog It
was a very fiotday and the dogs
nerves like those of human beings
probably surfcreil At any rate after
a certain amounof provocation he be
came cress and took to biting Unfor
tunately the victim happened to be a
boy who had taken no part in the
This Illustrates a practice which Is
commoner than It ought to be and
should be labeled dangerous for it
Is about as full of risk as leaving a
loaded pistol around where inesponsl
ble people can get at it There are few
domestic animals which with proper
tra ning will attack anjone The dog
which nas received kind and Intelligent
treatment from puppvhood will behave
himself when he is grown But there
are some people who And their chief
amusement in torturing and tormenting
helpless animals until driven to exas
perated madnessr they retaliate and
then of evourte are pronounced vicious
There 1 no more reason why a child
should be allowed to pinch strike kick
or otherwise torment an animal than
there is for its being allowed to treat
grown people or playmates In the same
way In fact there Is rather less dan
ger If anv thing in the latter habit
The average adult will not retaliate
when struck kicked or pinched by a
child by biting It savagely and there
are some dogs that will
When a baby mauls a kitten pulls its
tail and gets scratched there are par
ents who think It proper to snatch up
the child put It through Tl course of
commiseration and petting exclaim
naughty kitty and box the ears of
the cat if it has not discreetly fled
These same parents become indignant
when their hopeful son Is chastised at
school for some particularly impish
misdemeanor By and by they are con
fronted with that same son in a dread
ful scrape because he has murdered or
maltreated some one not amenable to
the authority of the parents They
wonder why Providence has been
pleased to afflict them in this manner
Providence had nothing to do with the
case They sowed the seed of night
shadeand expected to reap sweet fruit
In the training of joung minds there
Is little chance of appealing to any very
abstract ethical ideas but at any rate
one can refrain from encouraging self
ishness Almost any child can be made
to understand that If it has been tor
menting a dpg or cat and the anima1
revenges itself itis only what the tor
mentor had reason to expect They
should also be Impressed as forcibly as
possible with the good old English max
im about never hitting a smaller antag
onist In shprt most children can un
derstand fair play and generosity and
they should be tnhght that animals as
well as human beings have a right to
both s t
Communication with Caracas and Bo
gota Is shut off 6niag to cable acci
dents means that there
Is the devllto piiy and no pitch hot
except among the asphalt deposits down
in those regions The situation at Pan
ama has resulted In showing the un
readiness of the Bureau of Navigation
as at present managed to meet emergen
cies The battleship Wisconsin Is dead
to the world somewhere the Machlas
alone ism the way to the theatre of
trouble As for the North Atlantic Squad
ron that grand division of our fleet is
drinking pink tea at Newport and must
not be disturbed
It Is said that the proposed plan to
build a ship canal along the line of the
Erie Canal has been abandoned but that
a canal for barges of a thousand tons ca
paclty may he constructed It is perfect
ly obvious that New York City has no
ue for a ship canal connecting the Great
Iikes with the ocean even though it be by
way of the Hudson River New- York has
no taste for any scheme that will permit
unbroken cargoes to be carried right past
her wharves to the sea Nor can we
blame her Commercial self preservation
Is the highest law with a commercial city
Swearing Bob Evans is the naval fea
ture of the day and so obscures the more
important matter of Howlson But the
public his not forgotten its Interest In the
story revived by the Boston Record
Did Howlson say the things about the sea
battle off Santiago and concerning Rear
Admiral Schle attributed to him In that
published interview If he did he Is unlit
to sit on the Court of Enqulr What
docs Mr Long Intend to do about It
So far the Kitchener proclamation does
not seem to much distress the Boers
Yesterday we learned that the had cap
tured a British blockhouse near Brand
fort In the Orange River country for
people who must surrender or be banished
within a few weeks the burgher leaders
are nctlng rather recklessly It Is possi
ble that they fancy they must he caught
first before being sent Into exile
The wife of Yu Keng Chinese Ambassa
dor to Prance is the daughter of an
American named Pearson who made his
home In China and married a Chinese
Cecil Rhodes never does an thing by
halves When he came over to England
hy the last mall from South Africa be
sides other Specially provided comforts
he was accomjiunlc d by his own chef his
own poultry and his own cow
Thomas Johnsnp se vent -eight ears
old and worth 150000 who died in Vln
cennes Ind the other du was a cu
rious character He did not know how to
read or write never entered a church
was one of the most profane swearers
and hardest drinkers In the cltv was
married four tlmi and alwis votid the
Democratic lickeC
Nicholas U is a voracious reader He
and the Czarlmt get a great el al of pleas
ure from discussing new works together
Unlike Alexander HI the- present Czar
Ik most catlmtc tn his tames- and Is ac
quainted with the literary stars of all
climes Jules Verne Scott Kipling and
Stevenson arej favorites among for
eign writers
The Prix de Home for sculpture has
been awarded to M Bouchard who Is
twent slx jears ot age and a pupil of
Barrlas and the Prix de Rome for paint
ing the subject for which was Christ
Healing the hick has been won hy M
Defranc twentv peven vears or age a
pupil uf MM llonnat and Malgnon
Prof Rudolph Vlrchows eightieth birth
day will be celebrated In Berlin on Satur
day October 1 when he will personally
receive delegates with congntulator ad
drcFses from various scientific bodies
foreign well as German
When the great chemist Chevreul
whose statue was recently unvcltcil In
France attained his hundredth birthdav
he was entertained at a public dinner at
which his son a nign onieiai in the De
partment of Justice slxt teven vears
old was also present The old man made
a speech and In telling an anecdote made
a xiignt Blip wnicn ins i oa corrected
Old Chevreul turned around quickly nnd
said In n sharp tone Hush vounester
when I am talking and the oungster
held his tongue
Probably not a hundred people other
than those who frequent them are awnre
that there is a mosque where Mohamme
dan services are held in London ns well
as a chapel where the followers of the
creed of Zoroaster can worship Thus the
Moslem and the Parsee are as much at
home In the worlds metropolis at the
dawn of the twentieth century as they
would be In their native lands for when
they are in their respective places of wor
ship each can for the time forget that he
is In a foreign country and be for the
time being transported back to Asia A
brief 100 vears ago and religious toleration
would probablv never have allowed Mo
hammedanism literally to build Its temple
in London
The last of the lorjg series of trials
which have been taking place on the Brit
ish second class cnners Hynclnth and
Minerva for the purpose of settling the
vexed question as to whether the Belle
ville water tube was the best type of boil
er for use In the royal navy was com
pleted Saturday evening by the urrlval
of the two ships at Spltbead
The result his certainly not been a victor-
for the Uellevilles for both on the
Journey out to Gibraltar as well as on
the run tmck home the Minerva with her
Olindricals has given better results So
far as the Minerva was concerned her
boilers gave not the least trouble the
only delay being caused by a slight over
heating of the bearings In the machinery
which was soon remedied Her officers
are well satisfied with the result of the
trial The Hvaclnths boilers gave some
anxiety which culminated In an unfortu
nate accident as the vessel was proceed
ing up the English Channel One of the
boiler tubes blew out and a stoker was
so severely burned by the dimes which
were forced from the furnace thit on
Sunday morning he was removed to the
Hojal Naval Jlospltal at liasiar
Reports from various sources agree as
tothe Increase of brigandage in the
-Macedonian vilavets of late and espe
cially in that of Adrianople where Bul
garian bands appear to be giving the
Turkish authorities much trouble
Such a band nine men strong kid
napped Nbri Bev inn of the owner of a
dairy farm In the neighborhood of
Adrianople In e 17th Inst The gen
darmes pursued and as resistance was
offered they were re enforced hy n bat
talion of infantrv and a squadron of cav
alry and this force was successful In
surrounding the robbers of whom six
were killed and three captured but Nurl
Bey himself and several Turkish soldiers
were also killed in the encounter
The good equipment in clothes and
weapons of the brigands led the Turkish
authorities to suspect that this was tot
an ordinary robber band but one organ
ized by the Macedonian committee anu
that its object had been to seize Marshal
Arif Pacha the Vail of Adrianople who
had been shortly before stating at the
dairy farm It is supposed to be the same
band which a few das ago carried off
Theodor Michaloglu at Kirkkiisse and de
manded a ransom of 2000 Turkish pounds
for his release
The paternal Government of Norway
has a fund of money amounting to about
JSOOOOO which is loaned to farmers
through the municipal officials to assist
them In buing land Such a proposition
was advanced by the Populists of Kansas
somo jears ago and did not meet with
any favor but generally with ridicule
In Norway however It is actually In
practice and small sums are loaned to
Industrious people at 3 per cent Interest
for a term of twenty five years to enable
them to acquire farms and Improve not
only themselves but the State These
loans are often made to oung people
Just married and starting in life upon
the recommendation of the council and
other officials of the municipality Dur
ing the first live years no Installments are
required but 5 per cent of the loan In ad
dition to the 3 per cent Interest must be
paid annually thereafter
The condition of affairs in the Balkans
and the pocIblllty of their affecting the
relations of the dual monarchy and Rus
sia are evidently the chief preoccupation
of the Austro Hungarlan press at the
present moment
Nearly all the leading newspapers deal
with different aspects ot this question
The Pester Lod dwells upon the polit
ical significance of the Grand Duke Alex
ander Mlkhnilovltths visit to Constantino
ple and the Importance attached to It by
the Russian press It observes that ac
cording to that Interpretation the Grand
Dukes tour marks the latest development
of Russian policy The Intrigues of ICaul
bars Hitrovo and Ignatleff having proved
fruitless it now remains for the members
of the Imperial famll to show how Rus
sian lnterests must be uromoted
A Vienna journal considers that the mo
tive of the Grand Dukes arrogant visit
to Constantinople after calling at Bulgar
ian and Roumanian ports was to bring
home to the Sultan his helplessness and
dependence upon Russia The object of
Russian diplomacy is to reduce Abdul
Hamld to a position similar to that
which the rulers of Persia Bokhara and
Khiva occupy toward the Czar It is busi
ly engaged at Constantinople In securing
in good time the inheritance ot the Sick
The Neue Freio Presse calls attention
to the displeasure excited In Russia by the
understanding between Roumanla and
Greece and protests against Intrigues In
tended to promote Pan Slav 1st influence
at Bucharest It apparently attaches a
political significance to the approaching
visit of the two sons of the Servian pre
tender Prince Peter Karageorgevitch to
the Italian royal pan wondering whether
It will cause as much at Bel
grade as t Is calculated to do In the ICarj
gtorgevltch famll
King Edward like all roaI personages
and above all like all European sover
eigns has a remarkable coleccon of
walking sticks but we ma be sure that
none however intrinsically valuable will
In future be more prized by him than the
original gift from Sir George Dibbs
which Is now being brought from Sdne
by Lord Jersey Sir George a notable
New South Wales statesman occupies his
leisure hours- In carving and turning and
the Kings new walking stick was fash
ioned b his own hands from a tine piece
of the rare and iron hurd RInggidgi wood
The only orname ntatloii save the natural
grain of the wood Is a plain gold band
on which are deeply engraved the words
The King God bless him Apropos of
the Kings colli ctlon of walking sticks
the soverilgn sets a good example In this
matter as in many others the cane usu
ally carried by him is studiously simple
and devoid of an elaborate ornamenta
tion He Is however fond of giving
walking sticks to his friends nnd the e
royal gifts are Invariablv far more costly
than ail thing ever used by himself
South Africa Is a country of Immense
distances aad It Is Interesting for the
purpose of realizing Its area to recall the
great extent of the rallwa sstems In
the Cape Colony the open miiiagc of the
Cipe Government railwas Is about 2000
miles with CC0 miles under construction
and ZZ0 miles of privately owned lines
In Natal there are upward of POO miles
open and short extensions totaling 60
miles on the north and south coasts and
between Dundee and Vr held under con
struction In the Transvaal Colony there
are 890 miles ojien to truffle and 200 miles
under construction exclusive of the We
re eniglng Rand line The Orange River
Colony possesses about 400 miles of open
mileage and about 100 miles under con
struction Rhodesia although only a dec
ade old alroad possesses about 1600 miles
of open railvvuj and Its three main sec
tions under construction the Buluwayo
Zimbesi Buluvvavo Sallsliur and
aggregate about WW miles Al
together the open mileage In South Africa
amounts to upward of 5900 miles with
at least 2000 miles under construction
The figures are exclusive of the projected
extensions for which funds have not et
been provided
Some vvell known Lancashire paper
making experts have lately returned from
a v islt to America made w 1th the object
of determining what is likel to be the
nature of the threatened competition of
that country In the paper making Indus
try They report th it without question
America is preparing for a big business In
the production of jiaper for newspapers
Tlie most modern machinery for the man
ufacture of news reels Is being jiut clown
by firms with plenty of capital and the
plant Is estimated to leld an extraordi
nary output It Is clear paper making
experts say that the Lancashire paper
making trade so far as newspapers arc
concerned will have to go under in face
of the new competition which may be
expected to be felt within twelve month
One of the most peculiar Institutions In
China Is the organization of the postal
service With the Increase of the popula
tion and with the gradual opening up of
the coast line of the country it became
imperative to devise some means of fa
cilitating Intercourse and the mercan
tile firms therefore Joined hands and es
tablished postofllces Since that time this
system has gradually dcvcKiedacertsln
form of rtostal service inthe business
districts ot China The
adopted a neutral attfide towrd
the activity of these pistil firms but
the latter had to piy large sams of money
to the authorities The most Important
postal agencies are carried on t the In
habitants of Ming IIo and hi bac lus
In many towns In the Empire As a rule
there are but few places In which no
postofflce Is to be found and In the more
Important centres there are always sev
eral Thus Shantjnil Vas more than 20
while Hongkong haj thlrty postofllccH Jt
often happens that the various postal
agencies compte with one another and
their agents then are compelled to go
from house to house In order to secure
clients Nevertheless there is some de
gree of combination between these
agencies and they reader mutual serv Ices
In case of need If a new postofflce is to
be established in the locality It frequently
happens that the varioVs agencies will
combine their farces and found a com
mon branch
Horses nnd mules are generally used as
the means of transport although In some
places a postman cones the mall bag
When rivers are available the malls are
carried down the stream in small boats
There Is no fixed rate of postage dues but
the larger agencies fix the payment within
certain limits according to the weight of a
letter and its destination and regular cli
ents are allowed a discount The postal
fee for a slmplalettcr varies from about
3 farthings to 5 pence halfpenny accord
ing to the distance which It has to be con
vecd There are no postage stamps or
other adhesive labels as signs of prepaid
pament in China proper and thus the
postage has to be paid either by the
sender or receiver of a letter It can
easily be Imagined that under such an or
ganization the postal service In China
suffers greatly at the hands of the count
less bands of robbers Atlhough the Chi
nese have not bijfcn able to overcome the
depredations frequently Inflicted by these
robbers they have long ago found out a
way to paralyze their actions to a certain
degree and this consists In bulng them
off Every band of robbers has Its own
defined sphere of action and the postal
agencies ot a district come to an agree
ment with the local robbers who are paid
a fixed sum of money regularly not to
molest the mail Such an arrangement
guarantees perfect safety for the mails
as the robbers are themselves thus
pledged to protect them from being mo
lested by other ev Hdoers
In addition to this private system there
also exists in China a Government post
which is occupied in the despatch of offi
cial correspondence and in convejing of-
iiciais auout me i impire Tms postal
service Is managed by the Ministry of
War and costs the Chinese Government
vast sums of money Private letters can
not be forwarded by this Government
post There Is also another costal ser
vice In China for the resident foreigners
have introduced their own postal system
The introduction of this last mentioned
syfitem is due to the early settlers In
Sh inghal who thirty years ago opened
a office for despatching letters to the
foreigners dwelling on the borders of that
place In 1SS78 the Imperial customs
post of China was Introduced by Sir
Robert Hart inspector general of cus
toms for communication between his de
partment and the treaty ports of China
Soon afterward foreign Governments also
established postal agencies at their con
sulates in China for the benefit of their
subjects residing In the Empire Eng
land the United States France Ger
many Japan and Russia have set up
their own postofllces In the great centres
of activity
Thus the postal sstem of China affords
a pleasing variety nvery attempt oi re
cent jears to organize the postal service
of China on a European method has come
signally to grief There Is in fact an
Imperial post carried out according to
European ideas but it is confined ex
clusively to the treaty ports In the in
terior of the country the old system re
mains unchanged and will no doubt
continue to exist until the present con
fused postal service shall have been con
verted Into a uniform and properly or
ganized postal service
Before final decision can be reached
Cuba will no doubt be an Independent Re
public and the cases against Ncely and
Rathbono dropped Then the anxiety of
the others will be relieved unless
Neely and Rathbone should Insist on be
ing taken care or as the price of con
tinued silence Cleveland Plain Dealer
The labor leaders want a trust of their
own but the steel magnates seem to think
that one trust in the business is a plenty
Indianapolis News
Also some more difficulties are discov
ered In the way of convicting Mr Neely
It was once said that the way of the
transgressor Is hard but that was long
ago Pittsburg Dispatch
N III the moat surrounding Mr Rocke
fellers castle in New Jersey be filled with
oil Instead of water Chicago News
The Circuit Court of Hawaii Is In con
tempt of the Supremp Court of the United
States It has dared to declare that the
Constitution of the United States not only
accompanies the flag In that country but
preceded it The other acquisitions of
late jears will be content to learn that
tlie Constitution follows the flag even at
a conslderabe distance Chicago Chroni
Since the precent strike began very lit
tle has been said about the Homestead
tragedy To keep it In mind will be
wholesome New- iork Times
Tlie reasons gven by T Estrada Palma
for not wishing to become a candidate
for the Cuban Presidency are not very
complimentarj to his fellow men
They are in effect that the Cubans are
llkelv to be so unruly that tlre will be
no such thing as governing them Senor
Palma ought to know Philadelphia In
Mr Krugers mind could give way
several points nnd still compare very- fa
vorably with the apparatus wherewith Sir
Alfred Mllncr thinks he thinks New
York World
Now that there Is to be a naval board
of enqulr let the ventilation be general
The Board of Strategy should not be per
mitted to escape Cincinnati Enquirer
Instead ot shooting coOtes out In Col
orado why doesnt Teddy Roosevelt come
back home and stop the strike Boston
A Chicago fire hero was hauled before
the police court the other day Its about
all a mans character Is worth to become
a hero these dajs Atlanta Journal
It Is reported that Count von Waldersee
may be made a prince because of what
he did In China Evidently the Kaiser
thinks Waldersee ought to be rewarded
for not accepting chances to make a lot
of bad breaks Chicago Record Herald
There has been n falling oil In sar ex
ports during the past fiscal year but we
are told that it is due only to temporar
causes Perhaps it is Secretary Gage Is
one of the causes and we hope he will
be only temporar Rochester Herald
The thick smoke from the stacks of
the mills will not be seen but the smoke
from the perfecto of the v alktng delegate
goes on with his salarv which never quits
strike or no strike Cincinnati
If Schle s enemies had only known th it
Ccrvera Eulate and Concas were golnc
to declare th it the famous loop at San
tiago was ono of the chief things which
beat them we should have leen told Ion
ago thit the loop was included In those
wonderful plans which were made in
advance on account of which Schlev
should have no credit for his victor
Boston Advertiser
The Mar land Republicans promise to
prevent frnud in elections Coming from
the St ite nnd pirty of padded census re
turns this is calculated to glve the horse
car roule the chucklis Norfolk Pilot
LONDON Aug m Lord Kitcheners
peremptory proclamation to the Boers In
arras brings the last flicker to the dying
political season A maker of parables apt
ly hits off the political situation at home
P We now proceed to well eirned
aftcr six month of arduous legislative
Man in Street And what hare you loner
One thing however has been accom
plished during the session though outside
the doors of Parliament that Is the Lib
eral party has emerged from a cloud of
suspicious back stair whisperings which
so long kept the rank and file of Liberal
ism who after all form something like
half the British nation from spirited
united action Lord Rosebery has been
forced Into the open and in defiance of
the wishes of his closest political allies
Mr Asqulth and Sir Edward Gray has set
about plowing his own furrow alone
waiting for time to remove the personal
obstacles which stand between him and
the undivided leadership of the pevrty
On the whole it Is perhaps the best thing
which could have happened for Liberal
ism released from the haunting presence
of rival leaders half hiding round the cor
rer now has a chance of asserting Itself
Sir Henry Campbell Banncrmans speech
this week Illustrates the general charac
ter of this Liberal asrertlveness As
Liberal leader In the House of Commons
he opposes the new policy of relentless
measures against the Boers in the field
which Lord Kitchener Is adopting upon
Colonial Secretary Chamberlains instruc
tions opposes the use of Katflrs In the
war advocates amnesty after the war to
ward all belligerents whether formerly
subjects of the King in Cane Colonv or
Transvaal burghers and demands the
speediest possible self government for the
conquered territories In home politics
the Liberals ss represented by Sir Henry
Campbell Bannerman find ample field for
criticism of the Government policy In edu
cation rating and local government-
Thus unembarrassed the Liberal oppo
sition and the Nationalists are pretty
certaln to bring the Government a good
deal of anxiety when Parliament reassem
bles In January The Irish Nationalists
are thus included for a reason which will
appear from the following statement of
the situation as made by the well-accredited
Dublin correspondent of the Man
chester Guardian
All over Ireland is subdued dissatis
faction The intermeddling of the local
government board In the work of county
councils undignified harangues of Judges
packing of Juries the gross mismanage
ment of the education department and
the flouting of the Archbishop and his re
forms the surrender to the mandarins of
Trinity nnd the Castle the action of the
land commission as a mere landlords
agency all these things are rankling and
will one day make thmselves fit Never
In my recollection has the Orange clique
been so strong in Ireland All aspirants
to office have to run a race of bigotry
against their rivals The Illustrious pro
vost of Trinity is old and Infirm and his
resignation is spoken of There are four
gentlemen casting lots for his robes They
cast lots by outvying one another in Ig
norant bigotry through the medium of ar
ticles in English reviews How they
would gasp were Lord Cadogan to choose
as he may do legally tome great Catholic
scholar for the post But there is one
weighty argument against such a course
It would be wise and right
As befits the holiday season now begin
ning parliamentarians are able to loin
upon quitting St Stephens In congratu
lations to Mr Herbert Gladstone to
whore exertions as chief Liberal whip it
Is largely due that Liberalism has any
leaders at all or any party cohesion Sir
Gladstone is engaged to marry Miss
Dorothy Paget a member of an old Eng
lish Tory family daughter of Sir Richard
Paget for thirty jears a starch Tory
member of Parliament
Some stir was created this week by the
circumstantial reports from Rotterdam
that Mr Krugers health is causing his
friends serious anxiety and thata special
ist in mental disorders had been sum
moned from Berlin However that may
be authentic news has reached the lar
llamentary friends of the Boers that in
spite of the apparent fortitude with which
the ex President received the news of
his wifes death he had really been
gravely upset Insomnia and Intense
mental depression supervened At the
same time It is asserted that the indis
position on- made him more determined
in regard to the prolongation of the war
Naval experts are summing up the les
sons of the maneuvres so suddenly stop
ped by the on Mondav After
only seven daj s It was clear that the de
fending fleet which failed to prevent the
attacking fleet from securing command
of the Channel cutting oft some of Eng
lands food supplies and ravaging Eng
lish commerce failed because it lacked
the cruisers necessary as scouts and
commerce protectors The demand Is
therefore made that the cruiser squadron
of the British fleet be doubled forthwith
The second lesson of the maneuvres is a
lesson of the South African war viz
the paramount Importance of as great
speed as compatible with good gun fire
and protection Mobility must tell In
naval as In land warfare Lastly the
Admiralty is told it must hurry forward
shlpbuiiuing and add another squadron
to the fleet so that England may have a
real fully equipped Channel Squadron with
torpedo bases at Portsmouth Portland
and Pl mouth and also at Alderney and
St Maos ScllIIes with other ships cap
able of carrying out repairs
We have been wondering what
had become of the case of one Charles F
W Neely some months ago extradited
to Cuba for embezzlement of postofflce
In a service of six or eight months in
the Havana postofflce Neely Is supposed
to have gotten with some JsOOvJ
He swelled his bank account In Muncie
Ind to the amount of 4i 0C0 and gave
out fat contracts for Cuban postal print
ing to his own printing office and
speaking was on the high road to
wealth when the sleuths of the Postofflce
Department arrested him
He fought extradition with might and
main and had a goodly backing of politi
cal influence but nothing could save him
so he was ent back where he seems to
be resting in innocuous quietude
We believe that Sir Neely owed his
appointment to the influence of Mr Perrj
Heath some time First Assistant Post
master General nnd more a di
rector in the Seventh National Bank of
New York
One would like to know if Mr Heath is
taking any Interest In the trl il and ulti
mate conviction of this man who In be
trajlng his trust betrajed his friends and
fellow -tow nsmen also Chicago Journal
Remembering that Gov Leslie M Shaw
Is to be a prominent candidate for
the Republican Presidential nomination
in 1901 the platform adopted by the Iowa
Republicans on Wednesday is worth not
They take pains to emphasize their en
dorsement of the action of Congress In
more firmly establishing our monetary
svstcm upon a gold basis and in provid
nc for civil government in Porto Rico
nil the Philippines and for the relin
quishment of our authority in Cuba
There is no barbaric jawp for snbjuga
tlon and wdrld power empire but a calm
assertion that the fact that our author
It in these islands Is the result of a war
waged not for aggrandizement but in the
name of humanity must forever govern
and Inspire our relations to them This
draws a clear distinction lietvveen Ameri
canism nnd imitation Jingoism New
York World
Schley Is the man who won the famous
naval at Santiago and which set
the country wild with patriotic excite
Maclaj is the man who made the charge
that Schley Is a coward and poltroon and
vho brought on the present enquiry
Schley Is a gentleman and a hero He
his always done his duty and has always
been an honest man and a good citizen
Mnclay Is a sour djspeptlc employed on
the navnl rolls as a laborer but who
really does some sort of writing He was
not at the battle of Santiago Ho has
never done an thing In his life except to
find fault with those who have accom
plished results Atchison Globe

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