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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1901-1902, September 02, 1901, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87062245/1901-09-02/ed-1/seq-4/

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Publication Oftcc
TTT ir iroxcniNS
ntMcrlptlon by Mall One Tear
Mon siso Evkmso amSusday SOco
Hvemnoavd fcoPAV 4 00
Month 1J Carriers
51onia Eiblmi ami auMii rtftv cents
Mon iu AD fcnsDAY Thirty fire ctnlt
tvtMe aadSoday Thirty five cents
WisnisOTOs D C
Circulation Statement
The circulation of The Times for the week
ended Augutt 31 1W1 wait as follows
Sunday AuRust Sj lfSS
Monday VonstSO 33 911
Tucstfar urust 27 ClOti
Wcdnesdav Vucust 2S 33S10
Thursday August 23 3J30
Fridai uirat 30 3942a
Saturday August 31 39801
Total 235078
Dally average undar 18023 enccptcd 39408
Englnnel mitl HtiHMln
It Is not the Czars approaching visit
to Western Europe that is causing the
British press and public to take new in
terest in the relations between Ens
land nnd Russia which fur several
i ears past have been unsatisfactory to
the former countrj It Is developments
In Persia which are causing uneasi
ness and a feeling of impotent rage
throughout the United Kingdom
Some time ago the Indian Go em
inent established what is cilied the
Quetta Nushki trade route between In
dia and Kastern Persia Russia by
irtue of a loan made to the Shah in
1900 controls the Persian customs and
it is said has been taking advantage
of this power to harass and tax to
death the British Indian trade This
in itslf would be enough to stir the
blond i f John Bull but the affront Is
all the more galling because of the re
mludetr it affords of the clever manner
In which England herself was done out
of control of the Persian custom houses
especially those on the Persian Gulf by
Years ago early in the reign of the
Shah Nasi Ed Din England loaned
him three million pounds sterling tak
ing the gulf and other custom houses
and the handling of their revenues by
way of security When late in the
nineties it became evident to Lord Sal
isbury that Russia was endeavoring to
secure a foothold at the head of the
Persian Gulf in order to provide a port
and terminal facilities for the proposed
Russian Trans Persian Railway the
British Government congratulated it
self that possession of the custom
houses interposed a barrier to the suc
cess of that movement But the St
Petersburg people quietly arranged a
new loan for the Shah -who like most
Oriental princes is open to the allure
ment of ready cash and gave him
money wherewithal to discharge his
debt to England Downing Street had
not thought of that possibility and
was taken by surprise Immediately
Russia took over the Persian custom
houses and ev ery bit of the prestige in
the country which the British had built
up slowly and expensively for a cen
The Court at Teheran Is much more
greatly under Russian influence today
than it ever was under that of Great
Britain and barring the possible result
of a war which we consider Improb
able apparently there is nothing in
sight to preent the Czar from holding
and fortifjing the head of the Persian
Gulf or from completing his railway
or in fact from practically annexing
Persia within the next live jears
Writing on the subject of British and
Russian relations Sir Roland Blenner
hassett Commissioner of National Ed
ucation in Ireland sajs We must
strive for a final settlement with Rus
sia or gird ourselves for a fight
According to the gossip of certain
political circles in London the Salis
bury Government Is allowing matters
connected with the conditions In Persia
to reach the press in order to prepare
the public mind for the announcement
of a firm policy toward Russia Should
such an announcement be made it could
have but little effect upon the other
party except possibly to provoke a few
smiles at St Petersburg The lion Is
a terrible animal no doubt when at
large and out of meat When how
ever he has all four legs caught In a
South African trap he is not so dan
gerous And our rlends the JIusco
vites are adepts at making hay while
the sun shines
llennlilirmiM and the Trunin
Republican State conventions show a
strong disposition to deal very tender
ly with the trusts The platforms us
ually denounce combinations that are
In restraint of trade and for the pur
pose of controlling the markets but
legitimate combinations of capital aro
heartily commended This is a cun
ning verbal device
There Is In fact a wide difference
between legitimate and illegitimate
combinations of capital There are
many business enterprises that cannot
be carried on without large capital
This is the case In all undertakings
which require expensive buildings and
grounds costly machinery or appli
ances of any kind or the employment
of large numbers of workmen No lim
itations should be placed upon the right
of capital to combine In such manner
as effectively to carry on these enter
prises But there is a vast difference
between such a combination of capital
as wiiLtmna ana suitably equip a fac
tory or a mine and the combination of
a large number of such plants under
one management for the obvious pur
pose of crushing smaller concerns and
obtaining complete control of the out
put of certain products By this means
the trust makes itself the master of
the market and can fix prices ery
largely to suit itself by keeping a Arm
grip on the supply When entrenched
behind the barrier of a high protective
tariff the power of the trust Is greatly
increased In this respect because It Is
guarded against all foreign competi
A few years ago Mr DIngley the
father of the present tariff in one of
his speeches argued strongly and in
geniously that trust monopolies in tho
United St cs were Impossible because
the country was so vast that no com
bination of mn could obtain control of
any leading industry His claim sound
ed plausible and Influenced the Judg
inent of many intelligent people But
no theory can stand In the face of op
posing facts and It is as clear as light
that the trusts are now doing the Iden
tical thing that Mr DIngley so conclu
alvUy proved to be Impossible
Too trouble with these Republican
declarations on the subject of combina
tions of capital Is not that the distinc
tion made is unbound in the abstract
but In the certainty that the party will
fail to make the distinction in practice
There is not today a Republican leader
of real prominence who regards any
trust In the United States as an ille
gitimate combination of capital or a
combination for an improper purpose
They are all according to the dominant
Republican idea a natural and highly
beneficial evolution of the industrial de
velopment of the countrj No matter
how high these trusts put up the prices
at home or how low they make them
abroad the Republican leaders will be
ready either to defend the acts or deny
them as the exigencies of the case may
seem to require in particular instances
In distinguishing between legitimate
and illegitimate combinations the Re
publican conventions are merely out
lining a do nothing policy When the
time for action comes it will be found
that the trusts are all good ones some
are better than others of course but
they are all good Such will be the
Republican positior for the simple rea
son that the party can take no other
The trusts win Its victories and must
control its policy Take away the sup
port of these great combinations of cap
ital and there re not more than three
or four States In the union that would
cast tneir votes for the Republican
The ZVmnl Absentee
Whether it will be his own fault or
not Sampson is most likely to remain
true to his record and be absent from
the sittings of the Schley Court of Enquiry-
Carefully confected stories nre
now being printed in the Administra
tion press giving more or less vague
hints that the hero or Matanzns is not
only a physical but a mental wreck
We are not prepared to say that they
have not some basis of truth but how
much we should not like to guess The
public impression that for Sampson to
appear on the witness stand and un
dergo an adequate cros3 examination
would be fatal to the conspiracy against
Admiral Schley is so strong that one
is excusable In doubting the good faith
of statements concerning his condition
whether of body or mind
Still it may be as hinted that he will
really be unable to attend the court
or to give competent testimony else
where In that case we presume that
the narrative of the West Indian cam
paign written for him at Newport and
which we understand he has never seen
will be offered as his evidence Of
course it will be rejected und the fact
that Sampson is too ill to testify in per
son will have to be clearly establish
ed by competent physicians unconnect
ed w ith the Navy Department or pro
fessionally with any of its function
aries to satisfy the country that the
court is not being tricked
From present appearances Crownin
shield and Hackett have prevailed upon
Rear Admiral Howison to stick to his
appointment as third member of the
court Indelicate as that course must
appear even to him in the circum
stances We do not know that In the
end the arrangement will be harmful
When the tribunal convenes HowJ
sons disqualification will be shown so
clearly that Admiral Dewey and Rear
Admiral Benham will be compelled to
rule him out Then there will be some
delay while the navy ring is hunting
for another reliable Sampsonlte to fill
the -vacancy and that will string the
case along so that it probably will
still be before the court when Congress
shall meet in December That perhaps
is desirable Senators and members
will be fresh from their constituents
and fully imbued with the natlonil
sentiment in favor of a thorough over
hauling of the Navy Department and
particularly of Crownlnshleld and the
Navigation Bureau The pendency of
the Schley enquiry will serve to give
an impetus to the Congressional de
sire to probe the Sampson scandal the
Merrimao mjstery and various other
things w hich demand careful and stern
At last no doubt justice will tri
umph notwithstanding the most earn
est painstaking and desperate efforts
to defeat It
Money Supply nnd Intercut
There Is no point connected with
modern finances upon which there Is
more misapprehension than there is
with reference to Interest rates as af
fected by the total supply of money A
great many people perhaps most peo
ple have an idea that an abundant sup
ply of money will make Interest low
Mint Director Roberts In a recent ar
ticle suggested the fallacy of this view
and called attention to the fact that
such result would not necessarily fol
low because Interest Is a payment In
kind and if the abundance of money
makes it cheap the cheapness will af
fect the money used for the payment
of interest as well as that which con
stitutes the principal This is correct
as far as it goes and if principal and
Interest could be considered by them
selv es separate and apart from ev ery
thlng else Mr Roberts statement
would sufficiently cover the question
But it must be remembered that money
is merely an agency by which the
worlds business Is transacted The
abundance or scarcity of money has a
most important bearing upon business
conditions and these conditions will
very largely determine the rates of in
Whether tho aggregate money volume
were large or small if nobody wanted
to borrow any there would be no in
terest rates for want of borrowers If
a few people wanted to borrow small
sums that would create a demand
which would give a rating and the
stronger the demand became In pro
portion to the supply the higher the
interest rates would be Nowhere in the
world has money ever been more plen
tiful In proportion to the number of
people than it was In California during
the flush times of early gold mining
there But money commanded all the
way from two per cent a month up to
six and it was merely because the de
mand was so intense Men saw that it
they had money they could make money
and they were willing to pay high
rates for the use of It
Speaking generally it may be said
that an increasing money volume by
stimulating business and strengthening
the demand for money tends to raise
the rates of Irteir sL On the other hand
a diminishing surply of money nlwajs
to a greater or less extent depresses
business It lowers prices and reduces
the profits of business ventures This
leads to the withdrawal of money from
active Industrial enterprises and it
naturally gravitates toward tho money
centres where it becomes superabun
dant that is in excess of tho demand
for it and the Interest rates at those
i a sirifetniAtjeaBJas Lsf
points will fall provided the right kind
of security can be given for it At the
same time in other places say in the
rural regions Interest will be high not
so much because of the actual scarcity
of money as because of the necessities
of the would be borrowers who in
many eases must have money or suf
fer tuln This was notably true a few
ears ago all through the Middle West
and it was a condition which bore with
peculiar severity upon the agricultural
Them is however still another cle
ment to be reckoned with that has an
important bearing upon Interest rates
That is the accumulation of capital in
particular countries Other things be
ing equal money can always be bor
rowed at lower rates in rich countries
thnn In poor ones This is owing to
the circumstance that in wealthy coun
tries there are more people relatively
who have money to lend There comes
a time In the lives of miny persons of
means when they feel like retiring from
active business and taking no more
chances of loss They have enough
and their chief desire Is to make it
safe They are looking for gilt edged
Inv cslments that vv 111 pay a little some
thing and at the same time be perfect
ly secure Obviously the larger this
class becomes or the more capital It
has for investment the lower the inter
est rates will be and partlculaily upon
certain classes of highly fav ored securi
tiessuch for example as United
States bonds There are several rea
sons for the exceedingly low- rates at
which such bonds can be floated but
It Is not necessary to go into them now
as our purpose Is merely to bring out
the general principles which govern In
fixing interest rates Disregarding those
things which are exceptional In char
acter and dependent upon speciil con
ditions at particular places it may be
said in brief that an increasing money
volume will give an impetus to busi
ness and raise the interest rates while
a decreasing volume will have a direct
ly opposite effect
A Prollcnl Son
A story comes from St Louis which
indicates that at least one father in
that city has sagacity in the training
of his sons One of them had entered
the path of pleasure and found it
pleasant and his father was worried
lest it might become too pleasant for
the young mans good One night he
opened the door for his son when the
latter was brought home intoxicated
by a party of more or less intoxicated
friends The prodigal was barely con
scious of what was taking place around
His father dia not weep or use pro
fane language He ordered a carriage
and drove to the railway station There
he bought a ticket for Chicago and saw
his wayward son safely In the sleeping
car Then he went home
Next day a wailing telegram came
over the wires The youth was in Chi
cago and had not the remotest idea
how he got there He had no money
He wanted to come home He wanted
a remittance at once
The father enquired by telegraph
what his son was doing in Chicago Tho
son told as much of the story as he
knew He thought ita Joke which some
of his heartless companions had played
on him The letter sounded so penitent
that the father concluded that his med
icine had worked He allowed the youth
to stay In Chicago firp days without
money and wondering what in the
world he was going to do for a living
and then sent him funds to come home
The result was reform The reform was
partly due to his conviction of the
heartlessness of his friends and partly
to the scare
This sort of treatment is woith a ton
of sermons and a lake of tears The
erring one was thereby shown the folly
of his conduct and the consequences to
which It might lead in the future That
is the foundation of mpral teaching
There are few people who would delib
erately come under the Influence of a
bad habit if they realized where it
would lead them The experience of
this youth was no more than he might
have had ten jears afterwaid without
any father to come to the rescue He
had it in time to teach him a lesson
There Is nothing like a few days diet
of husks to bring a prodigal to his
The Ioxt Art of Clillilhooil
An old gentleman who Is still a boy
in his feelings recently was found won
dering what had become of some of the
arts of his boyhood days He said that
when he was an urchin all bojs could
make kites bows and arrows water
wheels windmills popguns willow
whistles squirt guns
and cornstalk fiddles He interviewed
his young nephew on the subject and
found that the boy knew nothing what
ever of these arts
It is rather too bad if it is really so
that the art of making Ingenious toys
out of home material has passed away
ji muuern air gun costing jive uuiiurs i
may be the delight of a boys heart h
but after all does it give him the sat
isfaction of the one he made himself
Is the elaborately constructed toy
steamboat any more delightful than
the catamaran with a mast whittled
out by a jack knife and a sail hemmed
and fitted by the sister of the owner
Probably not
The reason for the pleasure which
the child takes In these things is that
his constructive faculty Is employed in
making them and this Impulse rightly
trained is the source of half the de
light which life holds It is better to
make than to receive ready made The
simplest tools are as a rule the best A
jack knife Is a tool Infinite In Its possi
bilities Given a knife a saw and a
few other tools of the most elementary
description nnd the boy can construct
as many things as he can with a well
fllleu tool chest if the few Implements
lie has are of the best quality
The mechanical toy has the advan
tage of course of making the young-
ster familiar with the workings of ma
chinery but in about nine cases out of
ten he Is too young to understand
thm and if the engine or steamboat
is broken it has to be thrown away or
repaired by the hand of the piofcsslon
nl because the machinery is so compli
cated that nobody In the house under
stands Its workings well enough to re
pair it If mechanical toys are select
eo for gifts to a child It Is better that
they should be simple enough for the
child to understand and that he should
be able it necessary to take them to
pieces nnd put them together again
In that way he will prepare himself for
future mcchnnieal employment
There Is no reason why nny bright
boy cannot be taught carpentering
photography or tho work of the elec
trician so that when he Is fourteen or
fifteen he will be ready to take up the
wueJJ ffiftria wV
business with two or three years of
thorough training to supplement his
amateur experience He will not hae
to waste time in learning the rudiments
of the business In lhat case A small
printing press is also a good educator
But it is usually better for the boy to
have one trade and stick to it rather
than amuse himself with half a dozen
If he shows an aptitude for nny par
ticular thing his parents should en
courage him to spend his time in learn
ing it thoroughly Even If he Is not
to be a mechanic amateur experience
at some trade Is a good thing for a law
yer business man or physician to
have He can amuse himself with that
instead of vv Ith more expensive or tire
some things Briln wnrkers cannot get
as much real recreation from books as
they can from some form of manual
w ork for which they may have a taste
Again that terrible man Castro Is ac
cused of an lntentlonto invade Colombia
He has ten thousand men near the
border The fact that they hapien to
be the same ten thousand who hive
been there ever since they routed
Mnrroqulns general Valench and
drove him across the frontier docs not
matter The other fact that Marroquln
has a force massed on his side of the
frontier with an eje t6 invasion does not
count cither it Is Cnstro who Is the hoo
doo man first last and all the time be
cause he Is not susceptible to the seduc
tions of our Asphalt Trust and In tome
way we must set rid of him Wicked
wicked Castro Compare him now with
a godly man like Greene who wis grand
marshal of the Inauguration parade
Advices fiom Berlin are to the effect
that the German Government Is Inflexible
in its determination to Insist upon the
expiatory ceremonial prescribed for Prince
Chun and his suite It is stated that
should he fall to put In an appearance
and kowtow to the Emperor as arranged
German will refuse to sign the peace
protocol and the European and Oriental
Empires will be still in a condition of
hostility Unless China wishes to lose
some mora rpal estate on the Shan Tung
Peninsula Chun and hl3 companions
would do well to proceed to tho Kaisers
capital and knock their heads on the floor
according to the printed programme It
will not hurt them much They need not
knock hard
Lord Salisburys health is still a subject
of lively discussion in London Although
It Is better than formerly be Is old and
tho people who are really interested In
him for his own sake fear that the duties
and cares of exalted public station will
tend to shorten his life It is said hat
his children are urging him to retire
while his nephews cousins and so on
who are comfortably saddled on the Gov
ernment In fat positions are trying their
best to keep him in office for reasons
which may bo guessed without wrench
ing ones brains
We begin to fear that it was in an evil
hour that the new cup defender was
christened Constitution That was once
a great name with which to conjure but
of late the original has been useful only
as carpet lining on Capitol BUI nnd no
luck attaches to It Now Columbia is
different and in the light of recent events
would appear to be quite the gem of the
General Booth founder and head of the
Salvation Army plans to visit Chicago in
November accompanied by twenty five
of the most prominent men and women
In the Salvation work in England While
in America the party will make an inspec
tion tour covering a period of six months
District council meetings will be held in
New York Chicago Kansas City and San
The wonderful Adaptability of the Jap
anese to Western civilization is shown
once more in tbe person of 8 Yanlgl
Wara who In September will become pro
fessor of chemistry In the University of
Columbia Mo Mr Wara has been edu
cating himself in the United States for
the last seven years He has secured
the degree of master of arts and has serv
ed as assistant to Prof R O Graham
who holds the chair of chemistry at the
Wcslcjan University at Bloomlngton 111
Tho dukes of Sutherland Beccleuch
and Devonshire are Joint lords of 2001600
acres of land an area representing a slice
of land stretching from the south of Eng
land to the extreme north of Scotland
more than five miles wide- If this land
were all In England about an acre out of
every sixteen would belong to one or
other of these dukes
Pew living women have had pcrsonil re
lations with so many eminent and historic
people as Mile Janolha tho pianist As
a child she was nursed by Rubinstein
LiS7t and Thulberg She studied under
Joachim and Kiel Brahms Weber and
Schumann hag been led to the platform
by Bismarck and Moltke been praised
and petted by Tennyson nnd Oladstone
and has played before almost every sov
ereign and royal personage In Europe
A peculiar souvenir is kept in Lord
Salisburys historic home at Hatfield It
is a stone over a pound in weight with
which the window of Lord Salisburys
carriage was smashed at Dumfries on Oc
tober 21 18S4 Ills two daughters were
seated with his lordship in the vehicle
but fortunately all three escaped unin
jured Lord Sillsbury had on that oc
casion delivered the last of a beries of
speeches in Scotland
George W Brcckenridge of Sin An
tonio Tex has given JfJOOrt for the build
ing of a school for the negro children of
that city
Ex Gov John Lind of Minnesota
who Is now practicing law In Minneapolis
been suspected of entertaining an
ambition to trj for the governorship
again My highest political ambition
said Mr Llnd a few das ago is to serve
the people of Minneapolis In the city coun
cil The politicians of the State regard
the declaration us a Joke though Mr
Lind insists ho is In earnest
Melwln G Dodge librarian at Hamil
ton College has been appointed assist
ant librarian at Leland Stanford Jr
University He is a graduate of Hamil
ton and of the Alban Library school
A J Balfour has Just paRsed his fifty
third blrthda He entered Parliament
at twent llve was a Cabinet Minister at
thlrtj -eight and led the House at forty
Mrs Henry T Gige wife of the Gov
ernor of California is descended on her
mothers side from the cnrlkst Spanish
settlers In Ios Angehs and her father
whose name wis Raines was ono ot the
States first settlers
Dr Trldtjof Nansen tho Arctic explor
er Is a litigant In a Chicago court Dr
Nansen was In a fair way to recdve tho
fortune left by Mathl is Blessing n weal
thy Scandinavian who died in Chicago
two ears ago as the other heirs It Is
said had waived their claims In his favor
The petition however Is filed by Mrs
Cunningham of Chattanooga Tenn who
sns she Is the diughter of the dece
dents brother David
The Princess Frederick August of Sax
ony daughter of the Grand Duke and
Duchess of Tuscany who some will
be Queen of Sixony is taking a regular
course of training us trained nurse at tho
Lutheran Hospital In Dresden The prin
cess Is pirtlculaiTy Interested In ambu
lance work and first aid to the Injured
Some Idea of the width of the Empress
Fredericks Intellectual Interests be
gathered from Sir Mcuntstuart Grant
Duffs Dlarj Here for Instance Is his
note of a meeting with tho empress a
few jears ago This morning 1 had a
long with the Empress
Frederick We talked inter alia of Eng
lish politics of rllerrand s memoirs of
Carlvles In lccurney tis historian of E
Livlssea book on the jouth of Frederick
the Great nnd of tVro other books to
which she also culled my attention one
bj Uourdeau on soclillsm one by Lo
roj Beaullcu on anti scmltlsm
ifort VJH Jrf grf
hibjtaMi XS
A recent number of Le Rovue Blanche
contains an elaborate article on the work
of Christian missions in China by 3t
Alexandre Ular in which the writer
m ikes the surprising statement that there
are no mlsslonirlcs of tho Russian Or
thodox Church In China that is not ac
cording to the Western definition of the
word missionary1 He sas that tho Chi
nese call tho missionarlts Tchouan hsl
Uiio chl which means sav ants who prop
igatc the doctrine of the West which in
no wise applies to Russlin missionaries
for Russia Is not 1 Western Tower in Jhe
eyes of tiie Chlnce but their northern
neighbor and she knows Chinese civiliza
tion too well to attempt to act on the pop
ular mind by means of doctrines which
are alien to their habits of thought He
points out that the Russian missions In
Iekin resemble In no way those of the
other Powers constituting merely the
legation of the Orthodox Pope nt the
Court of the Son of Heaven as the spirit
ual head of the Chinese nation The mem
bers of the mission spend their time and
resources not In religious propaganda
but in the publication of linguistic and
scientific books Moreover tho Russians
very adroitly utilize the rivalry existing
between the Chrlstiin sects in China In
tlulr own interests pointing out that Pro
tstantlsm and Catholicism are both
schismatic and that their doctrines are
doctrines of the West and are worth
M tlir maintains that the Catholic
missions hive prospered more than the
Protestant for the reason that the former
have recognized Buddhist prejudices and
have so presented their religion as to ap
peal to the Intelllgercc and Imagination
of the native assimilating Buddhist sym
bolism In their worship to such an extent
mat me catnonc churches seem with all
their ligures of saints to have descended
from a Chlneso pantheon
Herbert Gladstone whoso matrimonial
engagement was recently made public
was generally regarded as a confirmed
bachelor which Is scarcely surprising be
cause Ids tale of jears is not far short
of half a century or over twenty years
he has sat In the House of Commons but
thanks to his devotion to physical cul
ture those jears have passed very lightly
over his head and his figure Is still quite
jouthful Overshadowed as he Is by tho
memory of a great historical figure he
could scarcely expect to achieve much in
politics but he has proved himself a use
ful administrator and showed a certain
amount of originality In accepting the
post of Chief Whip after he had served
as First Commissioner of Works- Mr
Akers Douglas on the other side of the
House precisely reversed this procedure
The Paget family into which Mr Glad
stone is about to marry is one of those
English commoner families which are too
proud to claim any connection with the
ennobled Pagets whose head Is the Mar
quis of Anglesey Sir Richard Horner
Paget Mr Gladstones future father-in-law
is a Somerset squire pure and simple
He sat for something like thirty years
as a Somersetshire member in the House
of Commons and when he retired in li95
he was made n Privy Councilor He had
been made previously a baronet and owns
a fair amount of land for a baronet some
40O acres among the Mendip Hills where
the famous Cranmore iower Is a mark
for miles round The marriage between
Mr Gladstone and Miss Paget is one more
proof of the amenities of English politics
The Right Hon Sir Richard Horner Paget
was always one of the Old Gang and
got his reward for services to the party
which his future son-in-law spends his
life In combating
Railway arches have doubtless been
put to multitudinous uses from time to
time and more particularly In the neigh
borhood of London where they may be
seen serving the purpose of a stable er a
church The sanitary inspector of
Bethnal Green has however been devot
ing his attention to the operations be
neath an archway in that part of London
About a year ago certain persons were
prosecuted and heavily fined for selling
and using for human food miterlal pur
chased from a cats and dogs meat deal
er tho lessee of a railway arch and
somewhat similar mysteries have again
been enacted in the samo neighborhood
but outside the district of Bethnal Green
It appeared for a long tlmo that the
cats meat trade had ceased but by
means of a midnight lgll the sanitary
inspector asccrtilned that the cats
meat was removed surreptitiously to a
small private house from which it was
fetched by makers of sausages After
considerable trouble a butcher in Hack
ney was followed homo with a consign
ment of this material which on arrival
at the butchers premises was seized and
condenrned The Inspector Is of the opin
ion that an enormous amour t of this ob
jectlonible substarce highly seasoned
with condiments and perhaps temptingly
colored Is dealt in and that regular
markets exist for the trade
The grand council of Canton do Vaud
has under consideration a measure far
prohibiting advertising firms from de
facing picturesque spots of Switzerland
with their glaring posters and painted
advertisements Not even tha highest
mountains ore exempt from this snecles
of desecration and the tourist Is certain
even in the most remote spots to be sud
denly confronted with huge advertise
ments of pitent medli ines or somebodys
soap The people of Geneva contemplate
strong measures to put an end to the
A curious feature to travelers In the
high roads of is the great num
ber of gates upward of 10000 in the whole
countrj which have to be opened These
gates which either mark the boundaries
of tho farms or separate the home fields
from the aste lands constitute a con
siderable Inconvenience and delay to the
traveler who has to stop his vehicle and
get down to open them An Improvement
in this respect will be made
shortly by the Introduction of a new gate
which can be opened wltnout the neces
sity or augnung irom ones carriage
One of the rensons King Eelward
was not speedier In his Journey to
on the occasion of his sisters death
Is stated to have been due to a deficiency
In ills wardrobe He did not have tho
particular uniforms on hand that all the
etiquette of the occasion called for and
he had to have them mide For of all the
monarchs of Europe William is said to
be the most exacting as to the dress fit
ting the time It Is a fact that the Em
peror wears at least once each jear and
often more frequently 23 different uni
forms He has twentj separate hunting
costumes varied according to the game
hunted But there is one garment he
does not affect Once his tailor sunt him
a splendid specimen of the article but It
was returned tho next with a note In
the Emperors own handwriting The
Hohenzollerns do not wear dressing
The Kin nt Italy has Just had a cu
rious exwrience on the Trench frontier
He started out n couple of day s ago with
Queen Helcne and an aide-de-camp in An
automobile During the excursion he had
to cross the French frontier but was re
fusee admission by the custom house of
ficers who did not recognize his Majesty
unless he deposited tho amount of duties
on his automobile Tho King pointed out
that his machine was of French minu
faeture and therefore not liable for eluty
After some ellscusslon this was admitted
hen asked for his name his Majestys
Identity was almost revealed but he had
the preserce of mind to give tho name of
the aide-de-camp sitting behind him
Montenegro Is beginning to pliy a part
In Euroean dlplomicy altogether out of
proportion to Its size Despatches from
Cettlnje announce that Prince Nicholas
is about to start upon a tour of the prin
clpi Europe in capltils His object Is
said to be te enlist the support of the
Powers for the projecteel railway uniting
the Turkish Servian nnd Montenegrlan
terrilerle It Is suspected however that
he has more1 important ends in view
The Itnllin Government his Just raised
the Italian consulate at Cettinje to the
tank of n Iegtlov and ins appointed Slg
nor Iiolattl formerly Italian Consul Gen-
e ral In Hudipest as Hall in Minister to
Itolntti I the first Minister Plenipoten
tiary accredited to the Court of Prince
Nicholas nnd it is probable that the
forthcoming temr Is largely ilue to a
te ineiuce other Governments to fol
low Italys example
Rear Admiral Howlsnn as good as nd
mlts in his letter that ho has talked with
his acquaintances about the unfortbnatB
disputes But he Is quite certain in his
own mind that he didnt say and could
not have said the disparaging things about
Schley which that Boston newspaper man
reported him as sajlng and he is quits
sure In his own mind that he can hear
the evidence in tho case and pass upon
ii impartially
That is not tho Important question Th
Important question Is whether Schley af
ter reading tho letter is fully assured in
his own mind of Howisons impartiality
if he is not It may be said as Indeed
it his been said by Hackett he can chal
lenge Howlson when the court convenes
What would be the result of that Ad
miral Dewey and Rear Admiral Benham
would have tho ungracious task thrust
cpon them of deciding as to the fitness of
Rear Admiral How lson to sit with them
Suppose they should overrule Schleys
challenge Human nature being what it
is is it likely that the Incident would
leave Howlson favorably disposed toward
Schley In an Ideally judicial temper
There have been quite enough blunders
In this mntter already Schicy has asked
for this Court of Enquiry To give him
n court with which he is not entirely sat
isfied will be the worst blunder yet Mr
Hackctts superiors should see thit If
Mr Hackett doesnt Hartford Courant
The gushing and slobbering courtesies
nnd compliments of Acting Secretary of
the Navy Hackett In his letters to the
enemies of Admiral Schley ore quite as
noticeable as the scant civility and un
concealed curtness with which he ad
dresses the sailor who fought and won
the battle of Santiago Chicago Chron
Admiral Howisons statement Is very
carefully worded and may be satisfac
tory to Admiral Schley He does not
exactly repudiate the interview but
his letter is so worded as to give care
less readers tho impression that he does
In other words it is ingenious rather than
ingenuous Boston Globe
Admiral Howisons steering gear eems
to be out of order Ho has landed high
nnd dry on the rock of equivocation
Baltimore World
Admiral Howlson after throwing upon
the Secretary of the Navy the onus ot
deciding whether ho shall sit or not con
cludes by declaring that I can on my
conscience and oath do my duty as a
member of the court without partiality
as tho law requires Thl3 assurance
must bo accepted as conclusive so far
ns Admiral Howlson is concerned But
if ho had been able to say that his pri
vate discussion of the case had been
free from forming any such opinions as
would ranke him approach the case with
his mind made up on any aspect of it it
would have added largely to the public
confidence in the investigation Pittsburg
Admiral Hcwlson did not say It Cap
tain Forsyth did not say it and yet it
is said that they said It and If they
didnt say it those who said that they
said It ought to now say that they never
said It or explain why they said what
they said that which they did not say
although they are still said to have said
that oh never mind well find out all
about It some day Philadelphia En
The business of demanding an explana
tion of everj man In the army or navy
who says a word In favor of Admiral
Schley will soon become a bit tiresome nt
least to the public if the Navy Depart
ment does not once in a while show just
a little interest in the officers who talk
the other way Criticism of Admiral
Schley apparently- does not count with tho
departmental censors for there has been a
lot of It first and last without evoking a
single reprimand -or even a single ques
tion New York Times
The vicious little Parisian newspapers
which have been doing a great deal ot
foolish talking on the subject of the Mon
roe Doctrine should attend strictly to the
quarrel between France and Turkey
which is about their size Chicago Chron
The present indications are that Nich
olas II on his coming visit to Germany
will extend his trip to France and Eng
land In this way there will be no chance
for any of the big nations to be Jealous
of its neighbors The Czar Is an astute
politician By refraining from effusive
friendships or pronounced antagonisms for
any nation he preser es tne lnnuence or
his country In European affairs and makes
his own favors worth all the more to him
self and his people Among the big na
tions at least this Is an era of good feel
ingSt Louis Globe Democrat
As to Howisons miserable pettifogging
letter tha Acting Secretary writes a ful
some reply calling It frank and manly
and saying that It confirms the belief
that tho department has been fortunate
in selecting the third member of the
court There can be no doubt of that
The department might have searched far
among the officers of the navy before it
found another so likely to be subservient
to Its own schemes as Mr Howlson has
shown himself Philadelphia Times
Turkey is an anachronism in Europe The
Mohammedan faith and llizatlon have
no place on that continent The Turks
are interlopers and a ens though they
have held their place for hundreds of
jears Long ago they would have been
swept back Into Asia it it had not been
for the Jealousies of the European Pow
ers that could not agree on the distribu
tion of the loot But the great Eastern
question has been postponed not settled
All Europe believes that the crash must
come and that the Turk must go Indian-
spoils yentine
While academic protests do not count
for much with politicians confident of
their power it must be an uncomfortable
thought for tho Administration to feel
that much of the best authority and vir
tue in the Republic is so outspoken In its
denunciation of its Boston Globe
It makes precious little difference to
Mr Hull President of the Philippine
Lumber Company whether the rule be
military or civil so long as Congress
makes openings for his buzz saws Saw
mills and destiny eh Mr Hull Spring
tield Republican
An American offered the toast Success
to the Shamrock in the presence of Sir
Thomas Lipton at Asbury Park Thurs
day night The British jachtsman must
smile privately at some of the cheap ef
fusiveness he encounters Boston Jour
Congressman Hull landed in San Fran
cisco j esterdav a sidiy disillusioned man
The Filipinos he found were a mo3t
peculiar people and hid the strange
trait of wintlng to be let alone How
different Mr Hulls neighbors in Iowa
one of whose most engaging qualities Is
an eager eleslre to have foreigners come
to run their government and exploit their
resources Obviously as the pained Con
gressman remarks the Filipinos are ab
solutely unlit for self government They
actually desire the benevolently assimila
tive Hull to let them alone He will but
It is only because the Sriooner law which
he bitterly declares to be most unwise
legislation prevents his Philippine D
velopment Company from acquiring fran
chises anei ptiiiuc laneis uourmess ne win
chinge all that as well as strip off the
epaulets from the army officers In Ma
nila who did not know a greit man when
they saw him as soon as he gets filrly
geilng In the next Congrers At present
however It Is u gloomy and despondent
Hull who has returned to his own na
tlvo land New York Evening Post
The news of an attempt agilnst the life
of the aged Emperor of Austria Hungiry
Is not startling It Is something nlvvajs
to be cxpecteel In European countries
where Anarchists abound nnd has noth
ing to do with tho question of good or
hid government Anarchy is opposed to
all government because it is government
and considers it a duty to 4 remove all
governors But It is not yetcertain that
thi erret nolice who made the arrest
have caught n genuine wouiei be assassin
The geological excavations which have
been conducted under the direction of ths
British Museum at Pikcrmi near Athens
have unearthtd soma exceedingly inter
esting fos sll remains Plkermi is near
the Marathon road about twelve miles
from Athens Considerable exploratory
work has been done prior to the present
expedltlon a excavations Prof Albert
Gaudry Uie French geedogUt worked In
these plioc np iltporlts In the early SCs
Later the Vienna Academy made a collec
tion from the same place and in 1SS3 tho
Duko of Orleans did some digging but
found little of Importance Among the
forty seven case of fossil recently
shipped from the Pikcrmi excavations to
the British Museum in London are por
tions of the skeleton of n nuget probosci
dean Including two femurs each over
thlrty nlno Inches In length of mrsoplthe
cus an old world monkey several alrrost
complete mastodon skulls fragments of
the skeleton of the great sabre toothed
tiger mnchaeroelus Innumerable bones of
hlpporlon tho three toed predecessor of
the horse und bones of helladotherlum a
short necked giraffe allied to the okapl
the mammal recently discovered by Sir
IL Johnston In the forests of the Congo
State The bones occur on definite hori
zons In Immense numbers and lie in a
soft marjy matrix
George Grey the commander of a pros
pecting expedition throufh northern Rho
desia sent out by the Tanganyika Conces
sions Company reports that the tsetse fly
Is a much less fatal pest than It lucd to be
f Although no attempt was made by the
expedition to nvold the fly belts the
mortality of Its stock was very small
Out of five horses two mules five oxen
and sixty seven donkeys as well as nine
dogs only two animals horses were cer
tainly killed by the fly and the total
mortality from nil causes was only three
horses nnd fourteen donkeys This fact
and native reports tnat the fly no lon
ger kills so that they can now take their
dogs with them on hunting trips with
impunity has led Mr Grey to the belief
that the almost complete extinction of
the buffalo by rinderpest has robbed the
fly of its dancers The tsetse fly bite It
self was not the causo of its fatality the
latter being due to a disease germ which
Its Due mstniea into tne ammai Diiien
Possibly this disease is mainly cimiinenj
to the buffalo su tnat tho disappearance
ot the latter robs the fly of its source
of supply The two most popular native
theories regarding the marked decrease in
virulence of the fly biteTare that Mu
yanga has made medicine and killed the
fly or that since the fly has taken to
biting women it does not kill cattle
In a recently published volume under
tho title of Englands Neglect of Sci
ence Prof Perry of the Royal Society
voices his dissatisfaction and that of
many other Englishmen of science at the
subordinate and entirely inadequate po
sition which science holds in the educa
tional system of the country and the
scanty and grudging help which It re
ceives from the Government While the
English people as a whole appreciate the
supreme claims of science In the modern
world the English Government depart
ments are not only sadly wanting- in a
knowledge of science but are quite indif
ferent to and Indeed Ignorant ot its just
claims against the treasury The cause of
this according to Prof Perry Is the pub
lic school These institutions some of
them venerable as to- age all of them
venerable as to ideas supply almost ex
rlulvely the professional politicians who
control the great departments ot the Gov
ernment and in ail of them the dominant
educational ideals are classical and medi
eval As Prof Perry puts It The most
prominent Englishmen understand almost
nothing of those sciences which are rap
idly transforming an tne conamons oi
civ llizatlon
In the course of a paper on Artificial
Cooling of Houses in Cold Storage
Df R Ogden Doremus says in sub
stance Our magnificent cathedrals and
churcics and our sumptuous theatres
would accomplish vastly more In tho
way of piety and pleasure if they pos
sessed some means for artificially cooling
their Inferior during the summer months
Our million dollar hospitals should be
artificially cooled to save human lives
during prostrating and often fatal heat
What an outcry there wouHl be if they
were not warmed in winter Why should
not our homes bo made comfortable m
summer as well as winter It Is
as unhygienic to live In too hot a ro0m
as In one that is too cold Our elegant
club edifices should be cooled In summer
Expensive pictures and decorations adorn
their walls Why not eevote the money
Instead to promoting the health and com
fort of the members in a more direct
way There are several systems of
producing cold which could be readily
arranged for coolirg the air in living
rooms and it does seem rather surpris
ing as Dr Doremus sajs that there has
been no general attempt to solve the
Writing to the Scientific American
Edgar L Larkin director of the Mount
Lowe Observatory Cal reports Enckes
periodic comet has returned and was well
seen at this the Mount Lowe Obse rvatory
at 3 hours 45 minutes this morrlng Au
gust 11 1ML It was then In altitude 6
hours DS minutes and In north declina
tion 30 degrees 34 minutes with rapid mo
tion toward the southeast- This comet
was discovered in 1505 and has awakened
great interest among astronomers owing
to a diminution of its periodic time Thus
in 1S03 It made its circuit in 132 days 12
hours In 1S 111 days 10 hours 34 min
utes In IMS 1210 days 13 hours 41 min
utes This was thought to be on account
of the resistance of a thin medium in
space But other comets were not
eu ana since xms me reiaruaiion ui
Enckes comet is dlmlnlshinc so the ex
istence of the rare matter In interstellar
space Is not elernonstraieel ine eximet
when seen here risins over the peak of
n hlch mountain was aulte white faint
diffuse and large with but slight Indica
tion of a nucleus Its time of revolution
is the shortest known
An interesting paper was recently sub
mitted to the Royal Academy ot Belgium
by Dr E Vanderlinden on the atmosphe
ric conditions that accompany fog in that
country The enquiry is based upon an
examination of some 200 synoptic charts
the winter and autumn fogs being stud
led separately from those which occur
In summer The author shows that the
winter fogs are mostly connected with
antl cyclonlc conditions while those of
summef occur during periods of shallow
or secondary barometric depressions The
winter fogs rarely occur on the west
ern side of an area of high barometric
pressure In reporting to the academy
upon the paper M Lancaster points out
that most authors who treat ot the ques
tion of the formation of fog only deal
i with very local areas In which tempera
ture plays tne principal pin out tnat
this kind of fog should not be confounded
with the general phenomenon characteris
tic of winter fogs which depend upon the
barometric pressure The most favorable
conditions for fog formation are damp
air and a temperature a little above freez
ing point These conditions generally oc
cur In winter with westerly winds and
when the centre of the high pressure area
lies to the southeast of the point of ob
servation but M Lancaster points out
that the action of temperature alone Is
not sufficient to explain completely tho
occurrence of certain types of fog
Mr Law sons decision to break up the
Independence is a startling proof of the
extent to which the present day cup
fender has become a mere racing machine
a costly toy useless after It has served
its purpose or has oeen prevented from
serv ing it by n committee
The 200000 that tho Independence has
cost woulel buy six splendid cruising
schooners big anel comfortable enough te
go around the world in With another
HiiOllOU nddeel It would build as fine a
steam yacht as any afloat The craft
that goes to the knackers next Tuesday
Is i xpenslve Junk New Tork World
Tho International Union of CIgnrmakers
his formally advised Its members to In
vestigate conditions carefully before trik
lng If such advice were followed there
would be fewer strikes Too often de
mands are made which In justice to him
self or to the stockholders of the company
employer cannot irranr The
They cook uivsuch episodes for their own j tlon of common sense by labor leaders
aggranuizcment somenmes i nnuueipma i wuuiu prevent many siriKes isutiaioJict
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