OCR Interpretation


The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1901-1902, September 07, 1901, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87062245/1901-09-07/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 4

M
i
Tbf tOasrtrinflton Times
SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 7 190L
PuMfentfem Office
IDSSVLtAMA AVESUE
Subscription by Mnll One Tear
Morning Kvesino amjSunuat SGOO
MOKMhQ AD SUNDAY 00
Ktemmi asd Euadat -00
8cxdaxolt j 00
Monthly by Cnrrler
JIon ixa Evemno and Sunday njtv cents
Mohmnq and Sundat Thirty five cents
Uoua udmiday HifrfiJire nt
THE TIMES COMPANY
Vaiiioton I C
Circulation
The circulation of The Times for tfcc week
railed August 31 isoi s as follows
Sunday Au ust 25 IS02
llondjv Auirust 26 35911
Tuudiy VUKiist 27 JffllOfi
Wednesday Aurltet 2s K40
Thursday August 29 333W
rriday Aueitot 30 394J9
Saturday August 31 W
Total 2o5078
Eillj average Sunday 13623 excepted 39103
The President Will Live
The American people this morning
are filled with horror oer the attempt
o a -would-be assassin at Buffalo to
murder the President of the United
States and with a heartfelt hope justi
fied by the latest news from the bedside
of the distinguished sufferer Deliee
that he will survive
For the third time In the history of
this Kepublic the bloody hand of an
assassin has been raised against the
Chief of State Twice the detestable
object of the assailant has been accom
plished in the untimely deaths of Pres
idents Lincoln and Garfield The third
attempt upon the life of an American
President as far as can be Judged this
morning appears to hae failed
It is difficult with the full shock of
the deplorable eent fresh upon us
adequately to describe the wonder that
we and all citizens of the country must
feel that such a crime should be es
sajed by anyone be he Anarchist or
crank Personally it would be hard to
find an inhabitant of this continent v ho
is as free from enemies as President
JIcKiniey Ken his most pronounced
and active political opponents while
they may criticise his public policies
and acts have a kindly feeling for the
man But that consideration aside
vv hy should anyone w Ish or dare to pro
cure the death of the President of a
country like this It is under a govern
ment by party The violent removal of
tile head of the party In control him
self the head also of the State could
not change the policy or the political
actions of the Administration which
-would continue as before under the le
gal successor of the murdered Presi
dent In fact It Is impossible to con
ceive that anybody but a hopeless
maniac could plan or execute an at
tempt upon the life of a man In Mr JIc
Kinleys position
But the stricken President vvill re
cov er That he may is the prayer lrr
every American heart today
The Situation In e- York Cilj
No political sophistry and no amount
of downright mendacity would be suf
ficient to obscure to the country and
the civilized world the fact that for
four years the great American metrop
olis has been groaning under the bur
den and outrages of a rule by the Tam
many organization which for flagrant
and defiant rascality the protection of
vice and crime for hire and disregard
for law and the common rights of citi
zens has exceeded in heinousness any
thing and every thing in the antecedent
history of Greater New York
At length the opportunity is present
ed to the decent people of the cit to
Eet rid of this vile incubus The only
question is Have they the sense and
courage to do it and to do it effectual
ly Can they organize and act Inde
pendently of the political leaders of one
Etripe or another whd are working des
perately under coer to juggle them out
of Uie relief to which they are entitled
for selfish purposes The object lesson
of the Tammany regime under Croker
ought to be a sufficient incentive to
united and heroic action The spectacle
of a man who practically is a British
cubject who lives in lordly style at an
English country house and pajs a tax
on his income how ev er deriv ed Into the
British exchequer in absolute control
of the greatest of American cities and
fattening on the profits of that control
should be sufficient to call into revolu
tion every honest and reputable citizen
of New York against buch a municipal
monstrosity
But the emergency calls for men and
not tricksters We all know w hat Tam
many Is What Is called the Democ
racy of Greater New York Is Tammany
over again undpr another name Is
Tammany disgruntled and out of office
Once in office It would be every whit
as objectionable as its degraded parent
The Piatt machine Is merely another
Tammany organization which weie it
dominant In the city would be quite as
corrupt as the one it lights when it does
not trade with it All of these factions
and combinations are equally to be I
credited and Ignored If the light for re
form is to be anything more than a
flash in tbe pan
The forces of law order and good clt
izenbbip have It In their power to name
a man for the mayoralty around
whom all respectable people In Greater
New York could and would rally and
Tammany with its blackmailing protes
tlon of vice and lawbreakers of every
degree could be crushed But it will
Cot do to permit the naming to be done
by he political Jugglers They would
be certain to support the claims of
some one av ith w horn they could deal in
advance They would be likely to Felect
a candidate between whom and the
Tammany b lection there would be no
choice worth mentioning
To stand the slightest chance of suc
cess the standard bearer of the munici
pal reform clement must be an inde
pendent Democrat New York is no
toriously a Democratic community and
in its eyes republicanism is represent
ed nationally by Hanna and locally by
Flatt It is quite true that the issue is
strictly municipal and is unconnected
Tdth party politics anywhere or in any
proper sense All the same the best
aid purest Republican who could be
starred would be sufficiently suspected
of amenability to Hanna and Piatt
party discipline to defeat him
It may be set dow n as an axiom that
Tammany will nominate the very worst
person Its leaders believe thej can elect
Under stress of the recent exposures
which have not revealed a fraction of
the dork truth and in v lew of popular
indignation over its criminal record
Tammany might try to ascend the civ ic
scale a bit and find something le s ob
noxious to public opinion than Van
Wyck but whoever it might hit upon
it goes without salng that he would be
tied in advance and the same might
be said of any man who should be ac
cepted bj the reformers at the Instance
or Shcehan or Piatt There are plenty
of steiling Democrats in Greater New
York who never have bowed the knee
to the Baal of Crokerism men of sab
stance brains and business sagacity
who could and would give the metropo
lis an honest non partisan municipal
government It is from the ranks of
these that the candidate for the may
oralty must come if Tammany and all
that Tammany stands for are to be
suppressed this year
There was a curious and grewsomcly
suggestive Incident on the Bast Side of
New York a few days ago A little boy
was run over by a car instantly killed
and so badly mangled that his mother
was not allowed to see him when he
had been taken to the nearest police
station Meantime a crowd of several
hundred people besieged the station
house to getFsight of the boy When
they found it was impossible to get in
they found a young actress and made
he- a deputy She obtained permission
from the sergeant stared at the
crushed body for several minutes and
then came out and told the crowd all
about it with much dramatic detail
This incident illustrates a tendency
which is growing in this country and
Is not at all good to encourage There
is a disposition to show unabashed and
eager curiosity and desire to see hor
rors of any kind to welter in sensation
no matter w hat kind of sensation it is
There is nothing healthy in stTch be
havior unless it be the healthy impulse
of a savage It is possible that the nor
mal Iroquois needed a scalp dance and
a raid now and then In order to keep
him In good condition and that dislike
of such things would be in him a sign
of poor health Hut civilized human
beings are not supposed to gloat over
horrors
The j ellow journals of New York are
fairly good examples of the sort of lit
erature which is formed by catering to
this taste At the time of the Hoboken
horror these papers gloated to the ex
tent of many illustrated pages ov er the
sufferings of the victims There is
some sense in describing things like
these in elaborate and repeated detail if
they are the result of wrongs which
ought to be righted and to a certain ex-
tent the burning of the steamships was
for it taught at a fearful cost the
necessity of preventing the possibility
of such disasters But it was quite ob
vious that most of the descriptions and
pictures were the result of determined
catering to the horror hunting element
of tl e population and this element is
about as respectable at bottom as the
head hunter of Borneo
It is but a step from the eager wit
nessing of pain to causing it and the
people who throng to see the victim of
a cruel accident in nine cases out
of ten be as eager to take some horri
ble vengeance on a hunted victim of
popular prejudice The brute in human
nature vvill come to light often enough
without any encouragement
The Growth of Cities
The extraordinary growth of Ameri
can cities during recent years has been
made the subject of much discussion
and comment All sorts of reasons
have been offered for the gain of the
urban population over the rural and
some commentators hav e spoken of the
matter in a rather pessimistic tone as
if It were a circumstance that in its
nature is to be deemed unfavorable
and which must in some manner be ex
plained away Of course it cannot be
explained away for it is a fact and
facts are stubborn things Nor is it
necessary to do so for no proof has
been offered that it is a condition to be
regretted On the contrary it seems to
be a perfectly natural distribution of
population under the Industrial condi
tions which prevail
In the early settlement of any coun
try the population will be wholly rural
there will be no cities at all But
gradually villages will appear These
will multiply In number some of them
favorably located will grow in size and
finally the country will contain many
large towns and cities which simply
means that the city and town popula
tion vvill have increased both absolute
ly and relatively This result follows
from the diversification of Industries
If the entire population of a courtry
were agricultural two striking condi
tions would present themselves First
the population would be comparatively
sparse and secondly the people would
have to live In a very crude and simple
way much as they did in the United
States during early Colonial times sub
ject however to the qualification that
they might now be able to draw upon
oti or countries for many things that
would Improve their mode of living
and add to their comfort If the whole
world were strictly agricultural the
mcie of life would everywhere be prim
ltiv e
In every city there is what may be
called a surplus of population That is
there arc many people with no visible
means of support and living in extreme
poverty Naturally more people will
gather there than can find remunera
tive employment and it is an unfavor
able feature of city life On the other
hand what It may be asked would be
the general condition if the surplus city
population weie scattered through the
rural regions The question is not
easily answered When these people
were all finally located and at work
they would probably be better oft than
they are now Until then however
their condition would scarcely be im
proved and It might be worse
But apart from this suppose the sur
plus population of the cities had never
got there In the first place and sup
pose further that the cities had not
gained upon tbe country districts
What then would have been the condi
tion As it is the country produces an
enormous surplus of farm staples which
must be marketed abroad If the city
population were five or ten millions less
nnd the country population five or ten
millions more clearly the surplus of
farm products would be very much
greater This would make them cheap
er and abstractly considered an advan
tage to the denizens of the cities and
tow ns But it vv ould be a disadvantage
Till TIMES WASHINGTON SAWtDAY SEPTEMBER 7 1901
to the indiv ldual farmer The excessive
production might force prices so low
that the purchasing power of the farm
ers as a class would be seriously crip
pled and this by icflex action would
injure the cities
The subject Is an abstruse one and it
is not easy to follow -nit the train of
consequences which might flow from a
different distribution of population It
each person could by some superior In
telligence be put In the best place for
him unquestionably conditions would
be improved But people are not placed
in that way They drift about accord
ing to their own Inclinations interests
or necessities and as a broad generali
ty It is by no means certain that the
distribution which has taken place
could have been improved upon
At Constantinople It Is officially denied
that the Sultan has asked the Kaiser to
mediate between Turkey and France At
Berlin however a few days ago It was
reported that Abdul Hamld had made
such a request and that it had been po
litely refused Now it is rumored in dip
lomatic circles that Turkej is about to
solicit the gooil offices of the Czar in the
matter and meantime Is trying to open
negotiations with the French claimants
individually and privately In order if pos
sible to remove the grounds ot action upon
which their Government is proceeding
It is said that a cargo of wheat lately
shipped from Philadelphia to London has
been returned The wheat was a very
hard variety and the London market was
well supplied with hard wheat while stor
age was scarce and high At the same
time ocean freights were very low
Therefore the wheat some fifty odd thou
sand bushels was brought back because
it was cheaper to pay frlclght than stor
age It Is a curious inciaeni oui u swms
to be well authenticated
By way of a change Lord Kitchener
jesterdiy was able to report a British
success One of his subordinates arter a
severe fight actually had been able to
capture a Boer commando of one hun
dred and three men It was not much of
a victory but every little helps in pres
ent circumstances
Prince Chuns expiatory mission liavlng
been completed without kotow or head
knocking Li Hung Chang has been
graciously pleased to inform the Min
isters at Pekln that Prince Chins and he
have received authority to sign the pro
tocol This must have been good news
for the wearied and disgusted envoys
who will now get an opportunity to se
cure a little rest and recreation after
long months of labor and irritation
The question to be settled between the
Columbia and the Constitution was which
was surer to beat Shamrock II and now
that tbe decision has been rendered there
are few who question its wisdom The
Constitution barring accidents may be
the faster boat but the trouble is
yacht race accidents are not barred
PERSONAL
In
President James B Angell of the Uni
versity of Michigan sajs that the entire
expense of nls fcur years course at
Brown UniverIty was only P0
In New Lisbon a village of Wisconsin
lives Jacob A Wlldner who believes him
self to be the list survivor of the follow
ers of John Brown in his raid into Vir
ginia
John W Bowler director of physical
training in the Boston Public Gymnasium
has gone to Dartmouth Collego to lie di
rector of physical training there In tho
fall of ISSi he trained the Harvard football
team
Baron rcjervary the Hungarian Minis
ter of National Defence has celebrated
the fiftieth anniversary of his entering into
public service Emperor Francis Joseph
sent a graciously worded autograph letter
to the baron and conferred on nim the
m nnd cross of the Order of St Stephen
FOREIGN TOPICS
An English engineer proposes to con
nect Alcxinarla Egypt with Shanghai
China by means of a railroad The road
about 6400 miles long will have three divi
sions The middle one of 3123 miles Is
already In existence In India Trom Alex
andria the road will run cast southeast
over the Isthmus of Sinai to Akaba the
north end of the bay of Akaba from
there- almost due east to Kurveit nnd
Ilassorah thence through southern Per
sia to the frontier through Baluchistan
and across thet Stafvj which is under the
English protectorate to connect with the
Indian railroad net From Kunlong the
eastern terminus of the Indian railroad
svstem the line would extend via Tnlifu
v unnan Hankow and other noints on
the langtse to Shanghai This would be
a southern line paralleling rojghiy
the Trans Siberian road and conip ting
with it Its political character would be
likely to attract much attention
The apparent tendency of Italy to Im
prove her relations with France and Tur
key naturally meets with much approba
tion in Russia and the newspapers of
that country with suspicious unanimity
are foretelling a new nnd prosperous
era for Italy If she will only be sensible
and withdraw from the Triple Alliance
The memory of Crisp Is vigorously as
s died In St Petersburg journals w hich
hold the dead statesman responsible for
even- misery which during the last gen
eration his afflicted Italy her Inflated
armaments the contraction of enormous
debts her social unrest the impoverish
ment of the masses the decline of home
and foreign commerce and worst of all
the conclusion of an alliance with the
Central League Instead of with her pow
erful friend and neighbor France Italy
Is advised to devote herself to national
retrenchment and reform eschew foreign
adventures and at the earliest possible
moment cast oft the incubus of the Tri
ple Alliance Russia It is explained has
always regarded Italy with a peculiar
affection and Is only too eager to show
her good will If she will consent to a
change of partners
There are some pleasant features for
the British Government in the latest In
dian budget In spite of a famine which
has cost the people 10000000 and the
treasury il51700O0 in three years the sur
plus for the year amounted to 1670000
In salt excise customs postoffice and
telegraphs there was a substantial in
crease and in railways a gain of 640
0j0 The alteration of the currency stan
dard has been a great success the profit
to the treasury being 3000000 which Is
set apart to form the nucleus of a god
fund and a reserve in gold has been ac
cumulated of nearly 700000r The aver
ago income of the natives has risen f rora
IS rupees to 20 the cultivated area has in
creased from 191000000 acres to 217000 000
while the yield of food crops which In
1W was 730 pounds per acre was In 1900
810 pounds In twenty years the railway
mlleajre has advanced frnrn fi 500 tn 25 000
yielding a profit to the State of 000000
a year while Irrigation though not so
rapidly pushed on has still advanced In
dia In short as a continent is fairly
prosperous though about 17 per cfnt of
the people are stlllcxcosslvely poor
Sweden promises to beHhe first country
to substitute electricity for steam upon a
large scale on railroad lines Official an
nouncement has been made that at the
next session of thef legislativ e body the
Government will push a measure to this
end and the movement seems likely to
carry Sweden has not coal mines of Im
portance but it has an abundanco of
waterfalls and cascades Accordingly the
Government some time ago sent out a
party of experts who were fo examine
the waterfalls and their possibilities as a
source of electrical power and their re
port was most favorable The engineers
took Into account only thoso falls which
developed an energy of at least 1500
horse power at low water In midsummer
and found that these sufficed in most
places for all nractlcal nurnoses while In
Tothers power could be conveyed to a dis
tance from very large Jails The pro
jected change would result in the aban
An attempt Is being made in tngiana thirty two miles The electric power Is
to secure enough money lor the erection
of a suitable monument to Edward Ed
wards the original promoter of the mod
ern system of free public libraries Ed
wards who was born In 1S12 died In 1W
In extreme poverty and has been almost
forgotten bv the generation upon which
his labors co f erred so great a benefit
King Edward VII has a violent dislike
of poor English His own words come
slowly but are always well chosen and
he frequently corrects bad grammar that
comes to his ears
Gen Sir Henry Thulllcr who Is now
living In London In his eighty -sixth year
Is one of the few surviving officers of the
old East India Company He first siw
military service with the Boyal Artillery
The memory of Siajor Allan Wilson
who with his entire command was mas
sacred In itatabeleland during the war
ngitnst Lobengula is to be preserved by
a monument which Cecil Ithodes proposes
to erect on the spot where the major fell
Senator Hoar of Massachusetts spends
hU vacation In resting He rlEes early
but Is In bed every night by 9 oclock an 1
during the day takes long walks nnd doej
a good deal of light reading
Dr Carter the retiring President of
Williams College held that post for twen
ty years during which time eight new
buildings have been added to the college
most of the old ones renovated a large
amount of land acquired and the library
doubled
Capt Samuel Donelson of Tennessee
who was doorkeeper of the House of Ilcp
resentatlves in the Forty ninth Congress
has presented to the Navy Defiartment a
oust oi nis granuiamer aonn urancu
who was Secretary of tho Navy under
Andrew Jackson
Hoshl Taru formerly Japanese Minister
to Washington who was recently mur
dered by- an Insane man In Tokyo left a
llbmry of lOOOuO books worth over C50U0
Among them Is a Buddhist Sutra of more
than 100s volumes
An English Tommy captured by Gen
eral De Wet complained of the food
which consisted chiefly of mealies De
Wet told him he had nothing better
Hut said the Boer leader Ill capture
n convoy in a few days and then you shall
have better food De Wet did capture
a convoy and the complaining Tommy
received full rations according to prom
ise
Cipt It G F Candage of Brookllne
Mass President of the Tanners Nation
al Congress will deliver the annual ad
dress at the twenty first annual session
of thit orginlzation at Sioux Fails S D
October 1 next
Bear Admiral Ilalnbrldge of the British
navy who died recently was on the staff
of Admlnl Sir L T Jones at the taking
of the Tiku forts In the China war of
1SC0 In 1SSS lie successfully contested the
Parliamentary representation of Cork
against Mr Parnell
Cornelius S Bushncll who advanced
the money needed for the construction
of the first monitor is to bo honored
with a monument at New Haven Conn
nnd Andrew Carnegie has given 1001 to
ward Its cost
Out of the seventeen exhibits s nt by
King Edward to the twentieth annual
show of the Royal Isle of Wight Agricul
tural Society nt Neuport live were
awarded first prizes live seconds and four
champions
he proposed monument to Sir Arthur
Sullivan has been abandoned us the con
tributions to the fund were too small to
give any assurance that It would eventu
ally reach respectable proportions
Sir George Dtbbs who has Just present
ed to King Edward a walking stick ot his
own make has twice been Premier of New
South Wales and has held numerous oth
er posts of the highest Importance In Aus
tralia and It was while he was a prom
inent public man that he had the courage
to refuse to pay what he thought an ex
tortionate bill of costs He was commit
ted to Darlinghurst Jail Sydney for a
year and served the sentence out
donment or long trains and tnc substitu
tion of shorter ones at more frequent in
tervals a reform which tourists would
nartlcularlv appreciate At nresent the
longest electric railway ln Europe Is that
varcse in liaiy aooue
produced with the aid of steam but ns
soon as possible the falls of the Tlcino
arc to bo utilized
SHEATHING OF WARSHIPS
Consiltrable space Is devptcd In Notes
on Nava Progress recently lsued by
the Navy Department to the sheathing of
ships Section V of the volume being
given up entirely to this subject The
trend of opinion abroad Is given as fol
lows
The practice of sheathing war vessels
with wood nnd copper which had In re
cent years become so common was in
tended prim irlly to enable the vessels to
have continued cleanness of bottom and
thus maintain a minimum resistance to
propulsion even though they had to keep
tho sea for long periods and were for
vears on foreign stations where there
was no suitable dry docking accommoda
tions and In waters where they were ex
posed to very rapid fouling
Another advantage claimed for sheath
ing war vessels Is that the wood planklns
outside a steel skin adds to Its capability
of taking hard rubs and thus we fipd
about six years ago Sir William White
stating Tor many of the services which
have to be performed by the smaller
classes of H M ships It Is most desira
ble to hav e a stout wood bottom protect
ed by copper Bare thin Iron or steel
plating Is unsuitable under such condi
tions both to withstand the shocks of
grounding and the risk of serious and
rapid corrosion in tropical waters con
taining large quantities ot vegetable
matter and he pointed out that while
formerly such small vessels were of com
posite construction now sheathed vessels
were employed
The practice of sheathing the bottoms
of vessels Is however not without serious
drawbacks foremost among which Is the
greatly Increased cost but this if the
sheathing was in every way satisfactory
would be of minor importance and would
be possibly almost neutralized by the les
sened expenditure of fuel in maintaining
a high speed and by the suv lng effected
by less frequent docking and cleaning In
bygone years the adoption of Iron bolts In
fastening the sheathing resulted In their
rapid deterioration owing to galvanic ac
tion but now it is usual to adopt bolts
of naval brass and as lopt as these me
tal bolts can be kept perfectly water
tight and the salt water prevented from
getting into contact with the steel plating
and framing all is well This desirable
condition is however not always main
tained and owing to the failure to ab
solutely exclude sea water In some case3
the steeljilatlng has been badly attacked
while in other instances the fitting of the
sea valves and other connections have
been seriously damaged During August
1900 H M cruistir Ariadne was found to
be leaking at her moorings at Portsmouth
and It was assumed that a Kingston valve
had been left open but after the vessel
was dry docked it was ascertained that
the corrosion of the bolts both Inside and
outside the hull had been so extensive
that the mounting of one of the under
water fittings had fallen off allowing a
great inrush of water The corrosion of
the outer bolts of II M cruiser Spartiate
a sister vessel had previously been de
tected and on further examination it was
found that the inner bolts had also been
corroded Similar experiences have oc
curred In foreign war vessels which have
wood nnd copper sheathing and It Is said
that the Russian admiralty is dispensing
with wood and copper sheathing in vessels
now being built although in the new coast
defence Ironclad General Admiral Aprak
sin now under construction the bottom
will be waxid sheathed but covered with
steel instead of copper sheets
There is another objection to the use
of copper sheathing which appears to be
well grounded viz its injurious effect on
vessels which are not so sheathed owing
to a galvanic current being set up and
severe corrosion ensuing In the unsheath
ed vessel Such an experience it Is stated
recently occurred to a steel vessel of the
Italian navy moored to the same buoy
with a copper sheathed vessel and a simi
lar occurrence is reported from Kronstadt
Undoubtedly the great reason for using
copper sheathing is because of Its anti
fouling qualities but even In this respect
its emcacy Is being questioned and ap
parently rot without reason According
to the Kronstadt Vcstnlk the Russian
first class cruiser Pamyat Azova which
had a copper sheathed bottom always
showed on dry docking at Vladlvostock a
very foul bottom whereas other ships not
copper sheathed but coated with an antl
foullng composition showed much less
marine growth although both classes of
vessels were stationed in the same wa
ters It also appears that a few years
ago probabiy owing to the experience
just related it was decided to coat a
few square yards on tho bottom of the
cruiser Pamyat Azova with Holzapfel s
antl fouling composition and when In
tne following year me vessel was again
Amlk war Is raging In Berlin which dry docked the composition was perfectly
is of interest to all dwellers in large cities clean This trial has been repeated on a
Two years ago an Agrarian Deputy I ucbcessfuU s 3 probable the question
whose specialty Is raising the prices of arises Why co itlnue at such an
clgr CUllUrZU VlUUUtva luiiiltu a uiiium u j muus cAlJiriiai J itlij uvu iwu lvi
thr lifrv fnrmers who nledsed them- sneaining it muse ue rememucrea inai
I In nAn
Many of the so called crown jewels
which are shown to visitors to the Tower
of London are paste the real gems be
ing secured in strong vaults ln iron
bound boxes
The Jewels of the Russian imperial fam
ily form one of the most valuable collec
tions in the world This collectlem is
guarded ln u fortified castle wntehed
over by n special detail of officers and
soldiers The Czar keeps a portion of Ids
own private jewels ln banks ln London
and Iarls
The treasures of the roval family of
Italy are hidden away In deep vaults be
neath a fort situated In n little Island In
the Tiber Protected by the old and mud
dy streams overhead nnd the military on
the isand the jewels fire beyond tho
dreams of even tho most el irlng and san
guine of burglars
The prince of Ilulgaria is possesseel of
precious tones to tfie value of 5ooo0i
The so lie keeps lockesl In a little epistle on
tho banks of the D mube
Some of the Jewels belonging to the Ger
man Imperial family are kept In London
banks like those ot tho Czar
The other dav the Casino at Monte Car
lo found Itself In need erf ten new croup
iers Six of the vacancies were caused
by dismissals some for fraud others for
excessive frivolity in eonncctlon with the
fair sex For the ten vacancies no few
er than 1GO0 persons applied Of these
ZS were selected for examination 10 of
vhom failed to satisfy the doctors The
remaining liC were then put to an exami
nation as regarels education chiefly arith
metical Of the ten ultimately successful
five weie Corsieans the rest Trench and
of other nationalities
The successful applicants will attend
schoo for six months before they will
be allowed to work at the public tables
a professor teaching the whole art and
mystery of crouplng While at schewl
they receive VM francs per month which
U increaseel to francs on promotion
to the tables After that the nnnual in
creases are considerable to say nothing
of various additional advantages
such as free medical attendance and re
spectable A croupier In fact
not only starts very well but with u capi
tal vista of promotion nnd prosperity
Many of the most prosperous trades
men and business pcope nt Monte Carlo
are or have been croupiers starting in
buslne ss with the savings from their
Lord S illsbury agent nt IJcaulIeu
fnp inctanr a an Inspector at thu Casino
and one of the ablest and mont courteous
business men on tne wnoie juvicru
recent
advancs
there have been great
years
make further contracts
selves not to any ln the manufacture of
reau ln Berlin This bureau now claims
that It represents 5000 farmers and con
trols 420OU0 of the G00009 litres of milk
which the Geriuan capital uses every day
It succeeded last year ln raising the
wholesale price more than a quarter of a
cent per litre the dealers submitting but
when the syndicate announced not long
ago that It had determined scientific
ally that the normal price of milk was
13 pfennigs they revolted They have
ben Informed that no more milk will be
supplied them after the end of September
and they are now taking measures to get
their supplies from new and more remote
regions where the lower price will neu
tralize the higher freight rates If they
succeed the syndicate will have to con
vert its 420000 dally litres into butter and
cheese which would yield only 8 pfen
nigs a litre instead of the normal 13
There is much bitter feeling ln Berlin
against the syndicate and the milk deal
ers have Issued an appeal to the public
to refuse to buy In milk after the war
has begun in earnest
Royalties are much given to the aceni
mulation of Jewels of great price and
they take especial care that these bau
bles are not stolen
nntl fojling compositions tho skill of the
most eminent chemtsts having been re
quisitioned to secure improved mixtures
nnd it Is only reasonable to anticipate
that a composition can be manufactured
with at least as effective antl foullng
qualities as copper sheathing
It is stated that the Germans will dis
continue sheathing their large ships They
claim that recent Improvements in antl
foullng paints etc will render It unnec
essary to dock a ship oftencr than once
a year and In that time their experience
shows that the -outboard delivery valevs
nnd other openings in the under water
body become so foul that even a sheath
ed ship must be docked yearly and there
fore no advantage is gained by sheath
ing
The average speed of a ship that has
been sheathed will be leys than that of
an unsheathed ship with a displacement
that Is much less than that of the sheath
ed ship corresponding to the Increased
displacement due to the sheathing The
unsheathed ship will have a higher max
imum speed when clean and after a
year s cruising In the worst tropical
waters she will be as fast If not faster
than the sheathed ship of the same horse
power but having a displacement great
er by the extra displacement due to her
shrnlhlnrr The exnenso of sheathinir and
the difficulties and expense of repairing
sheathed ships nro so great as to decide
in favor of unsheathed ships
The Italian Minister of Marino states
that the Italian battleships and armored
cruisers are not to be sheathed He is of
the opinion that the expense is too great
tn make It advisable It might save fre
quent docking but It is found to be nec
essary to dork ships not only to clean
their hulls but also to examine the under-water
fittings and tho sheathing
does not obviate the necessity of docking
entirely The anti corrosive and antl
fouling paints used by the Italian navy
though not perfect are very good nnd
keep the hulls of their ships fairly well
Small cruisers destined for long cruises
in foreign waters might be sheatheel to
advantage but the cost for larger ships
and the Increased displacement caused by
eheathlng render it Inaelvlsable for them
miitnssivi MECTvcin
What an impressive spectacle Mr Gage
presents to the country on the arrival of
every ship from abroad He brands ev
ery American traveler ns a perjurer anel
swindler searches their trunks and nans
over the clothing even the beidy linen of
women nnd children and shames -the
country
Mr Gage cannot wash his hands ln In
nocency of these coarse nnd vulgar out
rages by saying that he docs not person
ally do these things They are done ln
compliance with his explicit orders and
bv his official rcprese nt itiv es and con
sequently he nnd he only is responsible
for them Mr Gage la the first and only
Secretary of the Treasnry who has by
similar obnoxious proceedings dishonored
his country and brought upon it the con
tempt ard elerislon of the civilized world
-Philadelphia Ledger
HIS 1IISY mson
Colonel Roosevelt continues to get ln
bis work In the West In addition to
busting breedies shooting grizzlies and
scalping wildcats and coyotes he is giv
ing variety to his campaign by riding In
leicomotlve cabs preaching lay sermons
from church pulpits nnd delivering lect
ures on the duties of citizenship An ordl
nirv Vice President is popularly supposed
to be a sort of political wax figure or
minority stockholder But Roosevelt Is
no onllniry Vice President He is not
content to be merely a galvanized corpse
He Is both a talker and a doer Ho leads
the life strenuous and this is his busy
reason A herev er he pitches his tent
there Is something doing Nashville
American
BRADSTREETS ON THE WEEK
All Ailv lern Pei I lit ti no Extensive
fienerid Trnile
NEW YORK Sept 6 Bradstreets
tomorrow win say
Trade advices arc as a rule very good
Kail demand now In full swing at the
East West and Northwest compares
vrell with last years nnd business con
tinues to expand at the South Specially
markeel features are the reports of a large
seasonable distribution heavy shipments
and Improved collections from leading
Western centres The Increased demand
for currency is necessitating Urge ship
ments to the interior and inducing a tinn
er tone In money and this Is the best proof
that the expansion In business and not
stock speculation which Is still rather re
Rtrlcteel Is responsible for the growing
strength of this medium of commerce
AH measures of trade demand point to
maintenance of general business on a
scale not heretofore equaled for this time
of year while fallu es though more num
erous than last year are less hurtful than
one or two months ago and really reflect
only the normal friction Inseparable from
the conduct of business ln a large volume
Industrial disturbances are not cutting
the figure they did earlier Despite the
steel strike tho trades affected are doing
a large business and pig Iron Is In better
request Prices for the fourth successive
month have advanceel and are now well
up to the highest of the year
Crop advices are in tho main favorable
i orn nas turther Improved and the
South after gathering and selling the
best paying cotton crop ln its history
faces with confidence a yield at least
equal to if not larger than a year ago
The steel strike is gradually ncarlng
Its end despite efforts to keep the trouble
open In the meanwhile demand steadily
grows and premiums for quick delivery
of affected products mount up Much of
the business usually offered has been
merely postponed and great activity
nwnlts on the reopening of the mills
The cotton trade Is ln an interesting
position The actual yield in the season
Just closed was 10JS3tM bales -valued at
nearly- KOO000tXiO the largest value ever
received for an American cotton crop
The latest Government report shows that
on 17 OOOOuO out or 275320W acres planted
the condition Is better than a year ago
nnd the outlook Is therefore for a some
what larger yield than last years ittlces
are however 1 cent a pound loner The
market has been irregular receeling in
tho middle of this week on the better than
expected Government report but reviving
sugnuy later on tne w earner reports
showing further deterioration Though
fractionally lower spot cotton Is in de
mand and stocks are very small at New
York New crop movement ln the South
west Is large Cotton goods are quiet at
first hands but kept firm by the higher
prices of raw matcriak The Jobbing dry
goods business is large East and West
and shipments are very heavy Woolen
goods nro ln good shape and wool Is
steady despite the lull ln demand
For the week business failures num
ber 13 as against 18S last week 134 in
this week a year ago 123 in 1S99 112 in
1SD8
The New York stock market is irregu
lar and sensitive about money conditions
though extreme stringency is hardly ex
pected Fears of hlglier Interest rates
are also modified to some extent by the
belief that large gold Imports are likely
DTJ1TS REVIEW OP TEATJE
The Weelin Volume of Onslncas Re
Unceel by the Holiday
NEW YORK Sept 6 Duns weekly re-
v lew of trade tomorrow will say
A holiday reduced the volume of le
gitimate business while speculative op
erations were seriously curtailed by the
general closing of exchanges from Friday
afternoon to Tuesday morning In the
movement of merchandise and many
manufacturing lines there has been an
effort to make up the loss by working
overtime but the weeks record will fall
behind those preceding Weather condi
tions have been most propitious and tho
total number of idle workmen Is less than
it was a week ago Anotther opportunity
to settle the steel strike was rejected
and probably It will now be allowed to die
a natural death
Payments through the principal clear
ing houses outside New York were 225
per cent larger than ln the same week last
year Railway earnings thus far report
ed for August were 11 5 per cent larger
than In 19w Duns index number cover
ing K0 quotations with quantities repre
senting the pe capita consumption of
each was advanced to 96 911 on Septem
ber 1 indicating that the cost of living
had reached the highest point of the yean
The advance since August 1 Is 1 C per cent
with the greatest gain in breadstuffs and
metals
Actual sales of many iron and steel
products are recorded at material ad
vances and the tone throughout is hard
ened by vigorous demand There is much
difficulty ln naming representative quo
tations as on rush orders fancy prem
iums are charged on moderately prompt
deliveries the advance Is less sharp while
contracts for distant dates are generally
taken at the figures prevailing before the
strike began Business is good in steel
rails
Coates Bros average of 100 wool quo
tations rcse slightly to 1722 cents but
still appears very low compared with the
level a year ago which was 183 per cent
higher Better enquiry from mills gives
encouragement for the future and it Is
thought that higher prices will be paid
at the London auction sale ten days
hence Despite more activity in the mar
ket for cqtton goods and placing of Gov
ernment contracts the staple shows no
great strength
Although unsettled In tone little alter
ation occurred in the nrlnclnal cereals
Trading was restricted and there was an
appircnt disinclination to resume an ag
gressive stand on either side of the mar
ket Wheat was supported by exports
from the United States of 3S614S9 bushels
agilnst 2500 3S6 in the same week last
vear nnd 3408 In 1S99 On the other
hand the movement Is much lighter than
In recent preceding weeks Corn is held
about 20 cents higher than the average
price of the two previous j iars at this
date Even if the yield Is extensively re
duced there Is little reason for phenome
nal prices In Western receipts of 3BS XS
bushels against 2937 926 last year or At
lantic exports of 09113 bushels compared
with 923079 In the same week of 1900 and
3031569 In 1S99
Money hardened perceptibly and with
the upwarel tendency of rates for both
call and time loans there was sufficient
liquidation In the stock market to offset
the many strengthening intlucnces
Imports of gold raised the total money
in circulation on September 1 to J2S1S per
capita onlv JO cents below the high water
mark reached last February-
Commercial failures during the month
of August were S03 in number and SO 1
VSi in amount of liabilities
THE SEVT OF MISrORTLMl
Havana is the very seat of misfortune
regarding the money affairs of Cubv
which tho United States have taken under
their care In addition to the Ralhhone
nnd Neely scandal on account of heavy
alleged diversions of money raised by Cu
ban taxation a new scandal has arisen
The chief of the money order division of
the Havana postoffice reports a shortage
of 14 000 His name is E C WestfalL He
admits losing the money In an o nnibus
which be had entered with his bundle of
cash to ride to the treasury where it was
to be deposited With surprising absenco
Unable with an army of a quarter of a
million men to conquer a few thousand
Dutch farmers England makes war upon
their wives and children and Is grieved
that nobody believes her when she pre
tends that her purpose Is to advance
Christian civilization ln South Africa It
is the lasting shame of the great nations
that Englanel Is permitted to murder the
Dutch Republics and their Inhabitants un
opposed anel If Justice rules the affairs of
this world in the long run the Boers will
vein nnd take from Eneland eventually
every Inch of ground that she holds In
South Africa Philadelphia North Amer
lean
VJ fcla V
i e -
LATE LEGAL DECISIONS
The fact that a public hospital charter
ed as a charitable corporation exacts or
receives a pecanlary consideration from
a patient does not affect Its character as
a charitable Institution or Its rights or
liabilities as such in relation to such pa
tient according to the United States Cir
cuit Court of Appeals In the case of Pow
ers vs Massachusetts Homeopathic Hos
pital 103 Fed Rep 91 In this suit a
patient sought to recover damages from
the hospital f0r n injury alleged to have
been sustained by the negligence of a
nurse In tho hospltaL
At -he trial the Judge ruled that the
plaintiff could not recover unci ihl
cislon was affirmed on the present appeal
The court held that the payment by a
patient to a hospital for treatment and
care was in the nature of charitable aid
to the hospital and was not to be consid
ered as full compensation for the services
rendered and that a paying patient
stands precisely as if he had been ad
mitted without any payment whatever
both seeking and receiving the services
of a public charity
The question then left to te determined
was whether a patient admltteel to a
charity hospital can recover Judgment
asalnst that hospital for Injuries caused
by the negligence of a nurse employed
therein On this point the court held
that whero due caia was used ln select
ing the nurse the patient cannot recover
from such corporation
An intoxicated passenger on a street
car assaulted a fellow passenger without
provocation and was ejected by the con
ductor but when the car started he got
on again Ho continued disorderly un
molested by the conductor until he struck
without any cause whatever a second
passenger a v lolent bio w from the effects
of which thr victim died In an action
by the heirs ot the deceased for damages
against the railway company a Judgment
was rendered in their favor On appeal
the Court ot Appeals Maryland sus
tained the Judgmctii on the ground that
tho conductor was negligent ln permitting
the drunken passenger to re enter the car
after he had been ejected The court said
that a railway company cannot be heard
to say after an assault has been made
that their servants did not know or could
not have foreseen that the particular in
dividual who was assaulted would be In
jured by an assault If they were apprised
or with proper care rould have known of
circumstances which Indicated that some
one would be injured unless the disorderly
passenger or stranger were ejected or
controlled United Railway etcL Com-
JJaiij til ouiie ij All yzs
Where In an action ngahvt a surgeon
for malpractice a number of expert wit
nesses are called on both sides who sub
stantially agree that the defendants
method of treating the ratient was proper
or If not was but an error of judgment
the Supreme Court of Rhode Island in
the case of Barker vs Sane 19 Atl Rep
9C held that the verdict against the sur
geon should be set aside
The fact that the highest rate of speed
consistent with the safety of their passen
gers is permissible to railway trains has
its exceptions according to the Supreme
Court of Louisiana in the case of Sund
maker vs Yazoo etc R Co 30 So Rep
285 and one of these arises where a train
enters the limits of a city or town where
people congregate and pass to and fro ln
numbers Then it is that those In charge
of a train owe a duty quite ns great to
those on the outside as to those on the
Inside Thus while conveying their pas
sengers in safety and with speed tho
latter must be so regulated and controlled
as to show due regard to the safety of
those without the train and especially is
this true where the railway tracks arc
laid upon the streets and public places of
the city
A social rlub in Pennsylvania by the
name ot Deutsch Amertkanlscher Volks
fest Vereln applied for a charter of In
corporation but was refused on the
ground that the name was ln a foreign
language On appeal to the Supreme
Court however the charter was grant
ed the court holding that there Is no re
quirement under the statute that the title
of the corporation shall be English O
Att Rep 919
While no one can have a trademark mo
nopoly In color of paper or shape of lab
el ln rolor of Ink or In one or another de
tail holds Judge Hazel of the United
States Circuit Court S D New York in
the case ot Russia Cement Company vs
Katzensteln IK Fed Rep 3H a general
collocation of such details will be protect
ed against an Imitation the natural result
of which Is to deceive purchasers and
which must therefore be presumed to have
been adopted with that purpose
AH lager beer Is not Intoxicating holds
tho Supreme Court of Georgia ln the case
of Smith vs State 39 S E Rep 294
while tho wcrds lageir beer said the
court ln their ordinary use and accepta
tion may sufficiently indicate an Intoxi
cating liquor to warrant a conviction of
selling liquor of that character when the
proof shows a sale of lager beer and
nothing more et where ln a given case
there was affirmative testimony to the ef
fect that a llifuid which contained not ex
ceeding 2 per cent or alcohol would not in
toxicate and that the Identical bottle of
liquid which the accused sole and upon
the sale of wbich the question of his
guilt or nnocence turned did not contain
more than 2 per cent of alcohol it was
although there was other testimony that
this identical liqulil was lager Deer er
roneous to charge generally that all lager
beer Is Intoxicating
Neither the Institution nor the prosecu
tion of a civil suit in a court which has
no jurisdiction thereof affords ground for
the bringing by the defendant of an ac
ui cut- a lie leiiuns ill- jaiu luu iiacewe I
of money on the seat beside him while I receive from the sheriff and retain a
th Su
the vehicle was starting on Its trip He
did not miss the valuable parcel until the
omnibus had proceedeel some distance II
then looked down for it but it was gone
He shrewdly- suspects that it was slyly
stolen by a couple of negro boys who oc
cupied a seat near him To ordinary
minds It would not appear strange that
a package of money thrown carelessly on
a seat ln an omnibus as the passenger en
tered it should disappear nnd generally
If It was somebody elses money he woulel
be held responsible for Its loss It may be
different In this case Chicago Chronicle
cnmsTiAs civiliz vriov
tion against the plaintiff for malicious
prosecution holds the Supreme Court of
Georgia in the cass of Berger vs Saul
JO S E Rep 128 But where such a
suit Is brought maliciously and wltlout
probable cause and the defendant te In
consequence restrained of his liberty he
may maintain against the plaintiff an ac
tion for false imprisonment without re
gard to whether final judgment was en
tered in the authorized suit or nqt
Though a note given on Sunday In pay
ment of the difference on an exchange of
property concluded on that day is void
the Supreme Court of New Jersey ln the
case of Brewster vs Banta 49 Atl Rep
71b holds that recovery may be had
thereon where the maker made an ex
press promise to pay the debt after the
note was given
In Oregon under a statute allowing
money lost at gambling to be recovered
the Supreme Court ln the case of Mey ers
vs Dillon 65 Pac Rep 67 holds that
evidence that the defendant was com
monly riputcel to bo the proprietor of the
game Is admissible
Where a building and loan association
becomes insolvent the Court of Chancery
Appeals of Tennessee in the case of
Williamson vs Globe Bnllding and Loan
Company S W Rep 29S holds that
a borrowing member whose loan was void
as usurious is liable for the amount re
ceived and should be crediteel with inter
est and premiums paid by him but not
for dues paid on stock
If a defendants property be sold under
a void judgment and execution anil ho
with legal notice of all the material facts
tlon of the nroceeils of the sale
preme Court of Georgia in the case of
Tutt vs Rone y 39 S E Rep 233 holds
that this amounts ln law to a ratification
and he is bound bv tie sal
Where the trustees of the University of
Arkansas by resolution created the of
fice of vice director and pomolocst of
the Agricultural Experiment Station nnd
elected a person thereto for a specified
term and salary and defineel his duties
the Supreme Court of Arkansas In the
cise of Vlncenheller vs Reagan 64 S W
Rep 278 holds thit on acceptance of
the position he becomes an officer and
not a mere employe under contract nnd
that the Legislature has the rlsht to abol
ish his ofhee and Is not thereby Impairing
the obligation of a contract since the
rights duties and obligations of an offi
cer crow out of tho law and not out of
n contract
On refusal of the consignee to accept
goods the Supreme Court of Louisiana
In the case of Sonka Cotton Oil Company
vs The Red River RaH e3d Company 33
So Rep 303 holds that it devolves on
the master of the carrier to have them
placed at the expense of the consignee
In a place where they will not be exposed
to loss

xml | txt