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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1901-1902, September 23, 1901, Image 4

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MONDAY SEPTEMBER IS 1301
Publication Offlc
ariiis Txtrxciiiis s uuildixg
IESSSi IVAMA AVOGK
Snlwcrlptlon by Mall One Year t
MnilMMI KVEMNO ANUfalTVDAV S6CO
UOHMSII ANDMINnVT
LTEMM AS ttTMlAT
EdmutOm l
Monthly by Carrier
Jfonviva Ktcmso ad susiur Filu cents
SJoiimno Atn StrsniT Ttilrty Jli c cent
Ltemxu asdSodav Tliirtsftci crnfi
THE TIMES COMPANY
WisniNQTON D C
Circulation Mntcmcnt
The circulation of The Times for the week end
ed September 21 was as follows
Sunday September 15 20SID
Jlonday September 15 45103
TueMl beptcmber 17 4130
Wedn fa leptrmbcr IS 48S5
Tnur a SeptclilLer 13 sl231
rrula September ID 43121
Saturday September 21 4115
Total 23lr
Dail avcrasc suidav 2010 excepted 4313
Tile Siiniiison IllocLiidc Star
Although there hae been but two
business sessions of the Schley Court
of Enquiry thus far enough has devel
oped to show that the case the Navy
Department thought It had against
Admiral Schley on being1 tested
amounts to little or nothing beyond
hearsay or opinions based upon envy
jealousy or malice One of the m st
serious charges against Hear Admiral
Schley Is tho one contained in the
eighth paragraph of the precept In
which the Court is instructed to en
quire Into the necessity if any for
and the advisability of withdrawing at
night the Filing Squadron from the en
trance to Santiago Harbor to a distance
at sa To understand the animus of
the paragraph above quoted from It Is
necessary to hark back to the basis of
the allegation that while blockading
Santiago Harbor it was Commodore
Schleys practice at night to order the
squadron to a distance leaving- the
shore line unguarded The Century
Magazine In Its issue Tor April 1S93
contained a paper written by Rear Ad
miral William T- Sampson In which the
following language occurred-
The lo of the Brooklyn Commodore Sehlejs
fiaghip tor the fire or su dais from May 29 to
June 1 indicate that w hates T may have been
the disadvantage under which the blockade had
been maintained it can hardly be described as
a close one of the sort desired and cxjiected by
both tlie avv IVpartmcnt and reyself Dur
ing this period it had been the cu torn of our
vessels to retire from the coast at night a dis
tance of twenty Ale nnlcaV
The evidence presented Saturday ap
pears to prove conclusively that Samp
Bons statement that It had been the
custom of our vessels to retire from the
coast at night a distance of twenty five
miles was baseless and inexcusable
Sampson Indeed is flatly contradicted
by the testimony of Hear Admiral Hlg
glnsion who can hardly be considered as
friendly to Rear Admiral Schley He
was bound to tell the truth however
and did it with the manner of one- to
whom it was unpalatable What Hig
glnson swore to was In substance that
to his knowledge the squadron never
went off shore a distance of twenty
five miles w hlle Commodore Schley w as
In command of the blockade that If
such a thing- had happened the fact
would appear on the log of his ship
which it does not and that he had no
Idea that the squadron at any time
cruised put farther at night than six
miles from the mouth of the harbor
Rear Admiral Hlgginsons statements
were fully corroborated by Lieutenant
Commander Seaton Schroeder who was
the executive ofilcer of the Massachu
setts in the Santiago campaign
So another navy ring slander has
been exploded It did not altogether
rest upon the Century article but
partly upon a loose assertion once made
by a man named Muella who was
Spanish commandant of the part of
Santiago during the blockade He said
that the Flying- Squadron put out a
long distance to sea at night but he
did not and could not know that It did
inasmuch as Commodore Schleys ships
did not show lights and they might
hae been two twele or forty miles
away for any difference Uiat would ap
pear on shore
It will be noticed that Sampson does
not qualify his statement In any way
He says positively that it had been
the custom of our v essela to retire from
the coast at night a dlstapce of twenty-five
miles One of the chief wit
nesses depended upon by the navy ring
to bring Hear Admiral Schley into dis
credit flatly contradicts Sampson The
latter for his own sake as well as in
the Interests of exact truth and Jus
tice ought to welcome a call to the
witness stand that he might tell the
Court of Enquiry upon what founda
tion of reced fact hearsay or unaid
ed Imagination he ventured to make an
allegation which by implication was a
serious charge against a brother officer
Perhaps we yet shall see him in court
though probably not at once There
are other things yet to be developed
which It may also be desirable for him
to explain If he can
The 1reeilam of Speech
The desire of all good citizens to sup
press anarchy and guard against its
teachings will never in this country
lad to an infringement of the right of
fair criticism of public policies and
public men The two things must not
be confounded and will not be for the
distinction between them Is as broad
and clear as anything In human affairs
Anarchy means no government an ab
sence of all criticism of governmental
action points the road to despotism
To the utmost extent possible discus
Ion of public questions should be fair
and there should be a careful avoidance
of unjust accusations of men in official
stations Necessarily Injustice will be
done In some cases Some men are
naturally extremists and take many
things for granted when dealing with
political adversaries There Is also fre
quently a lack of scruple and a feeling
that the end justifies the means when
attacking- the representatives of the op
posite political party Even without
any purpose of going to extremes or
wronging others unfounded accusations
are often made particularly by those
out of power against those who are In
control This comes from the circum
stance that those in opposition are not
In possession of all the facts and must
of necessity judge largely by appear
ances
It Is not possible for one man to look
Into the mind of another and see what
motives are at work there If an offi
cial does a thing which upon its face
appears to be bad and which la fact
results badly he must expect to be
judged accordingly If the action Is one
involving money and has tho effect
of conferring unrighteous advantages
upon certain individuals It is hard to
make peoplolelicv e- that he did not
mean to do anything wrong and that
It merely happened so Of course men
often favor bad measure- Innocently
and honestly It would be altogether
wrong to assume that every man In
public life who favors legislation cal
culated to benefit the trusts at the ex
pense of others Is actuated by a cor
rupt motIe A mans views upon such
a question depend much upon his en
vironments and education When
howeer a legislative body confers a
certain privilege siya franchise of
enormous value upon a particu tr cor
poration in the face of clear proof that
it will result In exorbitant profits to the
grantee and gross wrong to the peo
ple It 13 a Just and valid conclusion
that somewherejn that body there was
a corrupt motive The conclusion be
ing a Just one it cannot be improper to
state it In law a man Is presumed to
Intend the natural consequences of his
own voluntary acts It the conse
quences are In their nature criminal
It is for the persons committing the
acts to show the absence of any such
motive The same principle should an i
does obtain In the case of public offi
cials whose acts appear on Uuir face
to be wrong
In politics there are many things
which aro notoriously bad while the
criminal purpose of those connected
with thorn is beyond the reach of oth
ers Ever body ought tc be able to see
that thesrecent franchise grants in
Philadelphia were Inexcusably wrong
Still it is difficult if not impossible to
prove by direct evidence that those who
made the grants were corrupt We can
only Judge them by ther acts But It
Is better far better that public men
should sometimes be unjustly accused
than that should be no criticism
at all As a rule the wrongful accusa
tion amounts merely to a political dis
advantage and sometimes not ev en to
that for unless there Is something to
sustain the charge very few persons
will believe It
Mr McKlnlcys SnrireonK
In contradistinction from former arti
cles on the subject of the surgical his
tory of the great case at Buffalo which
hav e appeared in medical journals since
the death of Mr McKlnley and which
have seemed to laymen to be rather
vvhitewashy iu character the New
York Medical Record in its current Is
sue comes out boldly and criticises the
physicians and surgeons in attendance
with considerable severity The editor
of the Medical Record Dr Shrady
admits that his professional brethren
did what they thought best In the cir
cumstances but thinks that neither
that fact nor the other that whatever
might have been done the w ounds w ere
necessarily fatal cannot alter the truth
that they vvere greatly In error In their
diagnosis and In fault In not prov ding
againSt dangers which tney assumed to
be non existent but which proved to
be otherwise and fatally so Discussing
the first operation at the Exposition
grounds Dr Shrady says
The operation of suturin the stomach wounls
was timely proper and so far a it went bril
liant Medical men the world over w crc proud
to near that it had been done so promptly and w
well upon a person of such importance
But now In the brht of the autopsy we
Vnow that the operation carefully conducted as
it was was necessarily an Incomplete one
TIils is speaking of tho procedure from a
strictly surgical standpoint irrespective of the
ultimate doom of the patient in any event Time
was precious and prolonged search for the ball
was impossible consequently the condition and
course of the wound beyond the stomach could
not be positlvelr ascertained at the time The
surgeons satisfied themselves therefore that it
was safe to leave this terminal wound to Uselt
and close up the- abdomen
They used their Lest judgment under tiainz
conditions but unfortunately that judgment
was in error
The good condition of the wound behind the
stomach of which all the surgeons were so pro
nouncedly confident was an illusion and a finarc
What was considefed to be a most insignificant
factor became tlie most important of alL In
stead of the terminal track of the bullet beins
healed ami the ball encysted it was found at
the autopsy to be pangrenous throughout Thus
a most startling error of diagnosis was naunt
ingly accentuated
Tlie practical surgeon very properly asla him
self why the condition and the direction of the
track behind the stomach was not discovered at
the time the parts were exposed during the op
eration
That the problem was not solved then and
there was certainly not due to an want of fore
thought on the part of the operator whose skill
in his line no one can question The only answer
must be that such a thorough examination of
the parts was Impossible at the time
-Mill it Bwus hard to explain why all tlie
gentlemen pn the case were so satisfied with
the real nature of a wound that they obvious
ly knew nothing about
The Medical Record critique pro
ceeds to call attention to the apparent
ly strange course of the surgeons In
not attempting to locate the bullet by
the aid of the Roentgen ray apparatus
which they had at hand and suggests
that the reason may have been that It
seemed safer to guess than to be sure
And Dr Shrady asks What excuse
must be offered to the public for the
utter Inability to find the bullet even in
the dead body In conclusion he says
All these matters may however be properly
explained whf n the fuller account of the post
niortein is risen to the medical and lay public
Many different theories have been oilered by
the medical attendants concerning the cause of
gangrene of the bullet track Py some the con
dition is clurgeil to a piasoned bullet by th rs
to the leakage cf pancreatic juice into the bul
let sinus and by still others to mere lack of
recuperative energy in tlie tissues imohed
On these points Iiovrever the professor Is
willing to Auspend judgment pending the com
pletion and laiblication of tlie official reports of
the post mortem examiners
V lew ing the strictly surgical aspects of tlie
case in the light of the autopsteal demonstra
tions certain points of treatment might naturally
suggest themselves
hvcryone knows that such an injury as exist
ed n the Presidents case Is uniformly fatal
Tlie most favorable result that could have
been expected was the healing of the wound and
the possible establishment of a fistula in this
case a permanent narrow duct opening on the
surface of the body
This would certainly be lnfinitclr better even
a a tentative measure than accidentally leav
ing a leaking kidney or pancreas in a closed
cavity to work such mischief as was manifested
in the gangrenous condition of the surrounding
tissues in the case in question
Allowing that the bullet had actually lodged
in the muscles of the hack also that the muscle
was within easy reach it would be following
a good surgical ride to establish drainage by
the most direct route osteriorily
This course however could not be folio a ed
as the bullet on account of the unfortunate con
ditions already noted was not accurately located
Under ther circumstances therefore and tak
ing everything into consideration it is comfort
ing to note that all was done for the distin
guished patient that was possible In fact as
was repeatedly stated by the operator tlie case
wan a fatal one from the start
In thus remarking upon the public aspect
of the case it is only for the purpose of getting
at the truth and learning perhaps a useful les
son In the fame spirit we tan afford to view
the strictly professional side To err is human
but vlddom comes from experience
It is safe to say that under like circumstances
in future the gentlemen concerned would act
somewhst differently
We sincerely trust that they at least would
not then be asked to explain why they allowed
a lost ball to bo buried with the victims body
Perhaps as the editor of the Medi
cal Record observes the official re
port of the autopsy may shed light upon
what now seems very like a mystery
As will be seen from the language of
the above excerpts there Is every Indi
cation of a spirited professional con
troversy to come That will Interest
the seneral public to the extent that It
may serve to show whether or not the
physicians and surgeons at the Milburn
THE TIMES WASHINGTON MONDAY SEPTEMBER 23 WOI
houo were as frank In the wording of
thir bulletins as they declared them
selves to be
Tlie Pence of Europe
There vv as a highly interesting sug
gestion In our cable letter from Lon
don jesterday which we hope may
prove to be well grounded It was that
the Czars visit to Western Europe Is
In behalf of peace amon the nations
and that there Is some evidence that he
has Induced Germany which means
Austria and Italy as well and France
to promise through what in America
would be called a gentlemans agree
ment entered Into by the chiefs of
tao with one another to refrain from
willingly engaging in war for a period
of ten j ears
We heartily hope that this may be
true For obvious reasons The Hague
conf failed to accomplish all that
the Russian Emperor hoped from It It
could not enact his pet scheme of dis
armament or a of arma
ments by a common agreement al
though It did do a magnificent work in
advancing international law toward the
condition of a universally binding code
and in establishing- the Permanent
Court of Arbitration But Nicholas
w anted the ultimate of peace through
the turning of swords into plowshares
and was unable to bring it about So
it Is now said he has fallen back upon
the more practicable plan of securing
a ten years trnce by direct personal
negotiations with his neighbors
There is much to make such a thing
seem likely After his recent confer
ence with the Czar Kaiser Wilhelm de
clared to the people of Dantzig that it
had assured the peace of Europe for
years and if Germany remains peace
ful and Russia wishes to avoid war It
is easy to believe that neither France
nor England would be likely to make
war alone
While Nicholas and Count Lamsdorft
are talking high politics there Is a well
defined business end to the mission and
one in w hich M de Witte the Russian
Finance Minister is deeply Interested
He too deprecates war and he wants
money Just now It is not to be had
either In Berlin or Loudon It Is un
derstood that It has been arranged for
in France The great trans Siberian
railway system Is far from comple
tion Indeed a considerable portion
of It nominally completed will have to
be rebuilt The famine districts of the
Empire will make heavy drains upon
the St Petersburg treasury Develop
ments In Manchuria Mongolia and
Eastern Turkestan will require shrewd
financing Obv iously it is an excellent
time for holding out the olive branch
and proceeding vith preparations for
whatever may be in the minds of Rus
sian statesmen in the way of eventuali
ties
Ten years of relief from war or the
fear of It Where would not that land
Russia At the end of the truce is she
likely to be anxious for Its renewal for
another ten or for twenty years That
is a question which nobody would feel
like answering off hand and least of
all perhaps the British Indian Per
sian and Japanese Governments The
march of Russia is the march of the
glacier One hardly sees It move but
It moves surely constantly and Irre
sistibly
For some reason or other the hopes ot
tho ranama Canal shareholders in France
appear to be high at present There is an
impression in Paris that tlie report of the
Walker Inter Oceanic Canal Commission
will bo In favor of the Panama route and
Uiat the United States ultimately will be
willing to pay something between sixty
million and a hundred million dollars for
the old de Lesseps ditch M Mutin
President ot the Panama Canal Company
will be over here next week for the winter
campaign and w e expect to nee tarly ac
tivity among the promoters of the French
project No doubt the same able and ex
pensive lobby that represented the Job in
the late Congress will be employed to
work in the coming one and the scheme
no doubt will serve to enliven legislative
proceedings next January or February as
all schemes do that have ready money be
hind them
Notwithstanding many assurances to
the contrary there are yet people who
prophesy that at least three members ot
the Cabinet will retire before many
months It is said with some force that
neither Mr Hay nor Mr Long is In
very robust health and that they would
be thankful for relief from the burdens of
offire Neither could very well rtsign
at this Juncture however The former
would like to sea the new
treaty through and could hardly
wish to leave the State Department while
the Alaskan Porcupine district seized
and annexed to the British Northwestern
Territory still remains in tlie hands of
Great Britain And the Secretary ot tho
Navy naturally would wish to see the end
of the Schley enquiry before st eklng the
shades of private life Postmaster Gen
eral Smith is understood to have pergonal
affairs requiring attention
The greatest surprise is expressed In
England because It appears that the
Boers are librally supplied with am
munition and horses notwithstanding
the quantities ot the one and numbers
of the other that are continually reported
by Lord Kitchener as captured Probably
the mjstcry could be solved by reflection
that capturing is a game that two can
play and that It Is one at which the
Boers are notoriously adept
PERSONAL
The Itev T J Bassett pastor of the
Methodist Church at Thornton Ind has
declltcd the place of president of tho New
Orlc ios University Ie was formerly
president of De Iauw University
Thi Earl of Hopetoun Governor General
of Australia Is forty one years ot age and
has been a man of vand activities Be
sides having achieved distinction as a
traveler he has been a lord in waiting a
lard high commissioner of the Episcopal
Church a paj master general lord cham
berlain of the royal household president
ot tho Society of Nivnl Architects a gen
eral ot archers a captain of yeomanry
a lieutenant colonel of submirine mines
a master of harriers a master of bea
gles a governor and a governor general
Tho Society of American Wars Intends
with the financial assistance of patriotic
p ople of San Francisco to secure the
e ration of a monument to the memory of
John Paul Jones
Tor many years Kins Edward has not
touched champagne which was at one
time hla favorite beverage and which he
made so fashionable He now drinks
nothing but red wine of which he has
great quantities at Marlborough House
and Sandringham and of which he is
considered the finest Judge in England
President Sicltlnley vvns ore of the trus
tees of the Pcabody Bducatl m Fund and
his death is the third which lns occurred
In the boanl since Its last meeting The
other two were the Hon William Wirt
Henry of Vlrglnli who died on Decem
ber 5 1W0 and William M Evans of this
city who died on February 2S 1901
Paul Arnold of Los Angeles who has
been appointed professor of mathematics
In the University of Southern California
Is a graduate of that university He fol
lowed post graduate studltn ot Cornell
University and at the universities of Ber
lin and Leipsic
FOREIGN- TOPICS
The loss within a few weeks of each
other of tho two British torpedo boat
destroyers the Viper and the Cobra has
attracted attention to the five vessels
of the same type being constructed for
the British navy in speaking of these
new- boats nn English naval expert Is
quoted as follows
Even If It be admitted that the sub
marine boat la only suitable for defense
and that our tactics must always be of
fensive It will be conceded that for coal
intr stations and bases as well as for
colonial ports If not also for some British
ports the submnrlne boat may prove a
useful acquisition to our Imperial de
fense
These boits which are on the im
proved HolHnH type are a feet 4 Inches
in length over all 11 feet 9 Jnches beam
and 1M tons displacement submerged
They will be tlrovlded with means of ex
pelling torpeddes either with the boat sta
tionary during a run on the surface or
stiaming at aiy speed submerged The
armament consists of one torpedo expul
sion tube situated at the extreme for
ward end of the vessel the
ering opening uutward two feet below the
light water line The pitting and frames
are to be of steel of sufficient size and
thlckneRsr lis vilttietnnft trip nrpssurfl nf
depths not oveV 100 feet Thebulkheadsaro
located not only to ensuro safety In the
event of collision but to stiffen the hull
as a whole Decks are to be provided
throughout the entire length of the In
terior of the vessel combined with beams
and floors to earrv the welrrht nf machin
ery The tanks are to be of stiel brared
aim stittenccl according to tne require
ments and riveted and calked absolute
ly tight Manholes will be located to al
low access lo trip Interiors of all tanks
The slperatnicture l3 to be located to al
low ot an aliovc water deck when the ves
sel is llht for fttirf icn rnnnlnff A derlc
31 feet long will be prov Ided for ute on
aL uc citaions vessels win not
sink on an even keel but are being so
built that thev will f1In llUf nnrrtnisc t
while at full surface speed or at rest The
dive will be made at a small angle until
tho proper denth Is reached when bv
automatic means the boat will be brought
lu is iiurixontai position
The British War Ofllce contemplates
Instituting on an extensive plan through
out the army especially wnen troops are
In garrison or on maneuvres the regi
mental canteen system organized by Col
onel Morgan as director of supplies to
the Natal force Heretofore the English
army except when on active service has
relied upon a system not unlike tho old
sutler system of tho United States Array
to furnish tho mn with little luxuries
and delicacies not obtainable at the quar
termasters Recent Investigation has
proved that although In some cases a
sort of co operation has been maintained
between the sutlers and tho men the lat
ter have been swindled right and left
the only ones mn rlnc a nroflt beintr the
sutlers and their agents among the men
wno received a commission on all the
trade they brought in The present pro
posal as already nractlcallv demon
strated bv Colonel -Morgan with the forces
oi nir ncuvers uuiicr 13 to lane tlio can
teen entirely out of tho hands ot private
Individuals and place it in charge of com
mittees of officers and men who shall
carry It on for thr sole benefit of the
soldiers as a co-operative- institution that
shall be able to undersell any private
enterprise and at the same time present
mummy proms pro rata to tne men wno
patronize It
The report of Colonel Morgans
ence shows that out of the profits of the
canteen he established along these lines
In Natal a substantial sum was handed
over to the widow ot every man who died
on acttvo service with tho force there
Colonel Morgan also adds that his can
teen soon made it so unprofitable for the
numerous contractors and camp follow
ers whch batten on the pay of the sol
diers by selling them Inferior stuff nt ex
orbitant prices that they were obliged
to go Out Of business which nrodnrrrl
an Instant beneficial effect upon the moral
conuuion ana discipline or the men
One ot tho most Interesting rtllgious
relics In England will on the completion
tor be removed from the llttlo church of
St Peter at Great Marlow where it has
betn Venerated for Very many years It
is the alleged hand of St James the Apos
tle which la preserved In a costal cas
ket The relic was brought from Ger
many to England In the year 1133 by the
Empress Matilda ns a present for her
father Henry I who greatly prized and
valued It The famous Benedictine Ab
bey of Rending- was founded In order that
a littlng shrine mUht bo provided for the
hand and tho abbey named after the
Apostle St James was consecrated in 1163
by St Thomas of Canterbury The relic
remained there until theIteformatlon and
It subsequently came into the possession
of Dr Blenklnsop whose death took place
In 17SB Then the hand was placed in the
museum at Reading and eventually it
passed to Mr Scott Murray whose fami
ly have betn associated 7rith Marlow and
the neighborhood for roiny years
A couple of weeks ago the Prime Minis
ter of Nepal India was deposed and his
brother proclaimed In hi I stead Though
Nepal possesses a king his highness Is
accounted by his people far too holy to
be directly concerned with the mundane
business ot government The real ruler
of the country Is the Prime Minister and
Gen Dcva Shamsherci Jung had only en
Jovcd the delights of that position some
four months when his highness the King
of Nepal had to take notice of his con
duct Mismanagement of public business
growing unpopularity and the expanding
volume ot the peoples discontent at the
erratic conduct of the Minister might
have ledito a revolution But at a school
prize distribution the Prime Minister was
taken prisoner and sent under a guanl of
soldiers to spend his days in retirement
In an outlying part of the kingdom His
successor was immediately proclaimed in
tho person of his brother Gen Chandra
Shamshere Jung commander-in-chief ot
the Nepal forces Tho troops were hasti
ly summoned and the ceremony of salut
ing the new Minister took place amid
every sign of popular approval The pres
ent Prime Minister is a well educated
man speaking English fluently and a
known friend ot the British Government
He Is described by Lord Roberts in Forty-one
Years in India as a red hot sol
dier and much is expected of him
In discussing tho significance of the
Czars visit to France some of the Paris
papers which are not In touch with the
Government have been speculating upon
the diplomatic steps which have brought
the visit about ns It has been
announced that the French Gov
ernment had no idea as late as the end of
July of entertaining its distinguished
guest this autumn
It seems that in 1856 M Loubct when
President of the Semte had conversa
tions on two occasions at the Luxembourg
with the Czarina and that she plainly
told him that her dearest desire was to
return with the Czar among the French
people freed from the rigorous fetters
of the protoeal so that both could enjoy
tho charms of France In April last
President Loubet received a visit from
a high official personage of the Russian
Court who Is In tho complete confidence
of tho Czar M Loubet among other
things asked this gentleman If the Czar
after tho Czarina had quite recovered had
the Intention of keeping tho promise
which he made in 1S3 when at the Cha
lons camp namely to return to France
M Loubet akcd the official to Insist on
that point with Nicholas II so th it his
Majesty should fulfill the sincere wish of
the President of the Hepubllc to receive
on French territory our Impertil ally
and our friend The high Russian otll
cial did as he was asked and obtained
from the Czar a favorabe reply which
was tranimlttcd to M Loubet
At the beginning of August M Loubet
by a personal letter repeated his invita
tion to the Czar On August 6 M Ley
gurs Minister ot Public Instruction hav
ing temporarily taken M
place a the Ministry of the Inte
rior was Informed by M Loubet con
cerning this letter to R imboulllet The
epistle recalled the conversation of live
vears ago and u JSiircd their Majesties of
tho profoundly devptcd sentiment of tho
French Government and nation The
Czarh reply Joyfully accepting the Invi
tation was rntliinl In Paris August 10
and on the llh M LeyKi s returned to
Ramboulllet in order to Lonfer with M
Loubet about ithe arrangements to be
made for the imitriil visit M Delcasse
Foreign Minister aso conferred with M
Loubct and a programme was elaborated
and submitted to tho Czar for his ap
proval
A STRANGE ANTI LIQUOR LAW
Two or VI ore Persons Sot Allowed
to Drtnlc Tosretlier
GRINNELL Iowa Sept 22 This city
has the most drastic liquor ordinance en
acted since tho making ri the blue laws
of Connecticut It has received tho sig
nature of the mayor and has been pub
lished and Is now In force It Is under
the ordinance a crime for two or more
citizens to get together and take a drink
ot beer or liquor no matter where they
meet even If It Is In their own homes and
they are members of tho same family
Under this ordinance it Is a crime to set
a glass of beer on tho table at the din
ner hour provided the family consists of
more than one person Tho exact word
ing of the ordinance is
That is shall bo unlawful for two or
more persons to congregate within the
limits of the city of Grinnell on any
street or vacant or unoccupied property
on or about tho college campta or build
ings In or about any lumber yard In any
car or on or about any railroad grounds
or stock yards in or about any barn
stable or corncrib storehouse elevator or
depot or in any other place for the pur
pose of drinking beer or any kind of In
toxicating liquor or for the purpose of
creating a disturbance or doing or com
mitting any disorderly act
The ordinance Is new and has not yet
been tested Grinnell has long been noted
as one of the strongest prohibition towns
of the country When It was founded by
the late Josiah B Grinnell ho undertook
to provide In the deeds to lots that no
saloon should ever bo operated anywhere
in the town
Iowa Collego Is here and Its Influence
has always been for absolute prohibition
Of late venrs a number of ractorics have
located hero and it has been found hard
to enforce prohibition The ordinanco
quoted was prepared and passed In the
council with a view to meeting all pos
sible cases of persons attempting to uso
liquors of any kind
MISS XONG HE TS DENVER
Arrises From Colorado Springs in
n State of Collaime
COLORADO SPRINGS Sept 22 Miss
Helen Long daughter of Secretary of the
Navy John D Long who left here at
noon jesterday for Hingham Mass on
a visit to her father reached Denver in
a state bordering on collapse She left
here In a private car accompanied by her
sister Miss1 Margaret her grandmother
Mrs Glover -and Miss Carter Dr Gerald
Webb her physician also accompanied
her
Tho altitude at Colorado Springs Is 6000
feet Denver Is somewhat lower Be
tween tho two cities Is the Great Divide
at S000 feet altitude The excitement of
preparation together with the crossing ot
the Divide are responsible for the col
lapse Dr Webb deemed It best to delay
the Journey a day or more If Improve
ment is not Katlsfactory the trip may be
abandoned altogether and the party will
return to the Long residence here
Miss Long came here In November 1S93
Sb was nervously prostrated ind had
developed Incipient pulmonary trouble
She Improved Immediately Her fever
soon left her and she has been almost
entirely free from It during her residence
here She has not however recovered
her former health The Long residence
was completed six months ago It Is a
pleasant ten room house in a fashionable
centre
SEUATOE TSXLLAB1VS VISIT
The Omnlin rnbllc Ilulldlnsr Exten
sion LiUely to Be Granted
Senator Millard ot Nebraska who took
the oath of office last spring has been in
the city for several days and la a guest
at the Shoreham His presence in the city
now is due to his Interest In the Federal
building at Omaha and he has succeeded
In securing- assurance that the desired
extension and repairs to the building will
be made Senator Millard called on Presi
dent Roosevelt Saturday to pay his re
spects and will call again today to bid
adieu before his departure for home this
afternoon
President Roosevelt said Senator
Millard will make an excellent Presi
dent His Administration will be a note
worthy one lie is a man -who menns
what he says who utters what ho be
lieves and acts according to thosi ex
pressed opinions I have known Mr
Roosevelt for some time and he has my
greatest esteem and admiration He comes
into office nevertheless under circum
stances which are most deplorable The
death of President McKinley was a great
loss to the nation but Mr Roosevelt will
do his best to make an efficient succes
sor
Mr Millard commented upon the ap
proaching election In Nebraska but said
there vvere no especial developments in
the political situation there
POLITICAL COMMENT
It is a compliment to law and order
that Chicago anarchists object to habeas
corpus proceedings to get them out ot
jaiL New York World
The last speecn of President McKlnley
will stand as a mentor to Congress at tho
coming session though the man who ut
tered It Is forever silent Cincinnati En
quirer
Now that the battleship Illinois has been
placed in commission all we need to have
the greatest navy In the world Is a trifle
more of the kind ot caitiff cowardice
Schley showed at the battle of Santiago
Chicago Journal
Every book on anarchy in tho country
should bo seized and burned and every
anarchist locked up or deported Balti
more World
The hotbed of anarchy seems to be New
Jersey In one -of the large cities a mob
of sympathizers tried to rescue one of the
anarchist tribe who was disorderly and
violent from the police New Jerseys
good name would greatly benefit by a
thorough course of purification Cleve
land Plain Dealer
It has betn pretty well demonstrated
that the business of the country Is on a
firm basis and that It cannot easily be
shaken Professional bears have tried to
beat down the stocks in Wall Street to
their own torrow It Is evident that
large capitalists have united on support
ing the business fabric and It will take a
panic of tremendous proportions to shake
it down Indianapolis News
Admiral Honison said that he thought
he could clear his mind so as to give a
fair judgment In the Schley Enquiry but
his muddy way of describing the state of
his mind on the subject caused the other
members ot the Court to disagree with
him on that point- Chicago Chronicle
Not a state In the South g ive Mr Mc
Klnley an electoral vote nevertheless
there Is every reason to believe that In
no section of the country was the crime
against tho life of the President more
generally deplored or sorrow more genu
ine or universal The South has taught
us In this Incident that when elected the
President Is the President of the whole
people and not of a party or a section
Indianapolis Journal
General Sickles active hostility tn
Pension Commissioner Evans whose ono
offence has been his careful administra
tion of the llberal pension laws has not
impre2sed the public as sincere It would
have been unfortunate for the Grand
Army If It had accepted him as its spokes
man General Sickles hid succeeded in
making a public scandal that attracted
wide attention The failure of his plans
is therefore gratifvlng and It mai be
hoped that It will have a salutary effect
PhiladelphI i Times
The Insane dodge is to be relied upon
In Buffalo If thej must be insane then
remove them from temptation Atlanta
Constitution
The fact th it American theatres were
open on the evening after the Presidents
assassination might lie misconstrued hi
unvon not knowing the American spirit
which is slow to ndmit a national calam
ity even In the light of a possibility
Mexican Hernld
The stock of the Sugar Trust is to Ii
increusd from J7300OOO to J90 0oOCCl The
value of Sugar Trust stock depends upon
the brittle thread of Congressional whirr
It Is evident that the managers ire mak
ing reads for a sife exit for themselves
either In the event of success or failure
Philadelphia Record
EARNINGS OF STUDENTS
Hon- Colombia Cnllctre Tioysi Help to
IT Tiirlr Way
NEW YORK Sept 22 This is th a
of year when needy young men cnxlcuif
for a Columbia College education are seek
ing employment which while It will not
conflict with collegiate work will net
them afalr Income Newspaper offices are
besieged with requests to commission stu
dents to art as correspondents business
offices are swamped with applicants for
work as salesmen of books and novelties
and in fact the different methods sought
are limited only by the ideas of those In
need of funds
One door through which all seekers for
money enter Is the Columbia University
committee on aid and employment n
students established In 1S3I with the de
sign to put students desiring to work
their way through tho different depart
ments of the university especltlly from
elsewhere than New York or its vicinity
in the way of earning enough for their
partial or complete support Several em
ployments to which the committee recom
mends students for positions are tutoring
translating teaching in evening schools
stenography and typewriting These how
ever are the methods of the majority
The bolder minds get out of the rut Into
unusual and Ingenious schemes and make
the most money Fully 20 per cent of Co
lumbia students earn some money and
half that number support themselves so
that for a student who has hustle and
some ability the road to success while It
may not be primrose Is certainly not
thorny
The committee on employment has re
cently published Its official report Indi
cating the worx accomplished last year
The committee admits that Its report Is
incomplete so far as showing the total
amount earned by Columbia men It
says It would be interesting to dis
cover at least approximately the amount
earned by students in the university
Thousands of dollars are earned yearly
of which this committee has neither
knowledge nor record and In ways which
it would doubtless bo to its interest to
learn
The total amount reported to the com
mittee as having been earned through its
direction last year is 4552 This sum is
divided among the different occupations
as follows
Teaching and tutoring 3399 00
Typewriting 191 S
Clerical 323 00
Miscellaneous 433 25
Total 552 00
Many firms which desired emploves of
college calibre sent ta Columbias commit
tee for working men There were ninety
such calls and the number ot applicants
sent In reply was 225 Fifty five of those
sent were successful In making an aver
age earning per man of 30 50 Many of
tho applicants listed as unsuccessful were
sent In reply to a call for canvassers or
similarly unattractive and
work which the men Did not care to
undertake There have been few fail
ures when the places offered were really
worth while
According to the committee the largest
amount of money earned was through
tutoring but that work cannot be done
competently by many and the earnings
were divided among perhaps a dozen
Tutoring requires a good deal of ability
and competent men get as much as 1
and 3 Itn hour Tlie jounger students
sometimes get work Instructing small
children taking them in the park for the
afternoon and so combining teaching and
an airing The work Is not especially
remunerative and Is uncongenial to most
college bojs who do not like to play
nurse Typewriting and stenography In
connection with clerical work for the pro
fessors give fair reward Unquestiona
bly the best means of Bupport is newspa
per correspondence and the fifteen or so
correspondents average 10 a week each
through the j car while some of the bet
ter men who have out of town papers to
write for as well as a local one run to a
considerably higher figure Correspond
ing however occupies much time de
tracts from the benefits of the college
education and gives but little opportunity
fir the social side of college life
Small sums of money are earned by tak
ing pictures of college happenings And
selling them to classmates Actlnir as
ticket sellers at football games as In
surance agents and as gas collectors is
also profitable
It Is In the summer that tho banner time
ot money comes to the college
man if he be so fortunate as to secure
a place as clerk In some summer hotel
ha may rest easy The work Is not hard
there lsa pleasant social side to it free
lodging and free board and best of all
a salary of from 10 to 15 a week for
three or four months almost all of
w hich can be saved for the coming year
college exiwnses These positions are not
so scarce as might be Imagined for hotel
proprietors are eager to secure college
men as clerics because they can generally
do better work than the professional
clerk
The summer occupations range from
this to looking after seaside bathing
houses telegraphing driving automobiles
and occasionally In the case of experts
supervising some golf course There are
besides a multiplicity of occupations for
those whose technical education at col
lege fits them to do work as electrical
mining or civil engineers survejors
chemists and so on
The committee reports that while only
J3UJO was earned In ISM and 1600 In 189s
last J ear 1500 was made Its scope Is
constantly Increasing and its sphere of
lmluence Is expected to double this jean
AX AMENDMENT NEEDED
The exclusion of the two Chinese stu
dents who recently arrived at San Fran
cises with the intention of traveling
through the United States and the order
for their deportation in spite of the pro
testations of Minister Wu Ting fang
merely because- their passports were not
wholly In accordance with the immigra
tion laws newly illustrated the unreason
ableness of those enactments One re
calls the effort of the Immigration officers
to prevent the landing of Sir Henry Irv
ings electrician and of an eminent theo
logian as contract laborers The Chl
rese students in question hav e certificates
from LI Hung Chang and their Identity
and status have been established to the
satisfaction of the Secretary of the Treas
ury nevertheless they must go back to
China in order to comply with an unim
portant formality Similar treatment of
an American traveler at Chefu or Shang
hai would probably have evoked a cail
for gunboats and other open sesames by
our consular representatives but sauce
for the American goose is evidently not
sauce for the Chinese gander An amend
ment of the law Uiat would clear it of its
inequity and stupldlti is plainly re
quired Philadelphia Record
THE -NATIONS KE VTNKSfS
It Is a great thing to sell 1500000000
worth of goods In twelve months It Is
a better thing to be a united harmonious
law abiding nation commanding tho con
fidence and the esteem of all the world
Best ot all Is It to have ve y Individual
member ot the nation intelligent Indus
trious public spirited virtuous and gen
erous and kindly In his relations with alt
men Emerson In an often quoted pas
sage admonished us that the test of the
nations greatness was not In statistics
but in the kind of man it produced Under
McKInlevs policy and administration vse
got the favorable statistics beyond our
expectation We also cot from him a
fine example of the kind of man the
country should produce It will bo well
for us to regard the latter no less earn
estly and practically than the former
New- York Tribune
Tiiitin ciiivT TiiiTiis
Washington In his Farewell Address
gave us one great gulling truth as to for
eign relations friendship with all and no
entangling alliances
Lincoln at Gettysburg gave us one great
guldirg truth In our relations one with
another charity justice uiion
William McKinley In his parting public
words at Buffalo gave us ono great guid
ing truth in industrial and economical de
velopment The period of excluIv eness
is past
Washington peace Lincoln perpetuity
McKlnley prosperity
In vain will Interests strive ngalnst
this last trrth now tlrmly established be
side the othr two In the mind and heart
of the people New York World
OTJSJTfS50 j JEP
L A WATRES IN THE PIELD
IV
A Jferr Aspirant lor Prnnaylvanlasi
Gubernntarlal Honor
SCRANTON Pa Sept 21 Somawhat
of a stir has been created here by the ap
pearance in the- field nm a candidate fcr
Governor of ex Lieutenant Governor anl
ex-State- Chairman Louis A Wsitrts tl
this city During the last few weeks there
have been a number of rumors In the air
that Mr Wctres was soon to declare him
self but for various reasons they were
not credited Today the statement was
made by a Cose political friend of Mr
Watrrs that he has addressed 600 cir
culars to prominent men In all sections of
Pennsylvania announcing his candidacy
for the chief executive office in the State
This friend states that Mr Wattes will
occupy a somewhat peculiar position In
the canvas He will assert his friend
ship for and his allegiance to Senator
Quay but will at the same time express
his opposition to others ot the well known
machine leaders It Is a matter of specu
lation here- as to what Senator Quay will
do in view o his past friendship for
Watres Inasmuch as he Is said to have
promised his support to Attorney General
Elklns for the gubernatorial nomination
The situation Is also complicated by tho
fact that Senator Vjay is said to be not
over enthusiastic for Elklns and really of
the belief that ilnnmnr Wnirs i
of tho strongest men before thepeope In
tne Btaie
FOB A TSTSXHTLETX MOirmcENT
Scrnnton Pa to Ilnlld One by Popn
Inr Subscriptions
SCRANTON 2 Sept 22 A movement
has been inaugurated here for the erec
tion in this city of a monument to Presi
dent McKinley It is claimed that owing
to Its Industries this city Is as much in
debted as any in the country to McKinley
for Its recent great development
A meeting looking to the erection of
the monument was held today and al
ready about 100 men have handed In sub
scrlptlcrs The scheme Is to erect the
monument by popular subscriptions of 1
each and If any moneyed men offer larger
amounts the offers will be declined No
limit has yet been placed upon the amount
to be collected
FEU INTO PASSAIC FALLS
A Intemon T J Mnu Drowned
While Ponlnrr for a Picture
PATERSON N J Sept 22 In his
anxiety to havo his picture taken In a
place where no one had ever before stood
Peter 3IcCabe one of the best known
saloonkeepers of Paterson met bis death
yesterday morning
McCabc and Charles Allen who plays a
piano In his saloon were at the Passaic
Falls There they met Charles Tavor
of Albany N Y who was taking pictures
t the falls McCabe said to Tavor
1 I1I give you a picture that win make
people gasp when they see It Get your
machine ready and Ill run out on the
dam right at the edg of the precipice
This he did The dam was built to turn
the waters of the river Into the mala
channel and runs to the edge otthe roclt
over which the water plunges into the
chasm below
When McCabe reached the edge he slip
ped and fell into the falls The body bus
not jet been found
Before starting In the saloon business
McCabe had more than a local reputa
tion as a minstrel and traveledover tna
State as on or the tZsTsj rour In tte
Pioneer Minstrels
TO BrTTrTATTf UNION MEN
Isehlajli Coal Company Em
ployes Itefnne to AVItlidrnw
WILKESBARRE Sept 22 Meetings of
firemen engineers and other hands em
ployed by the Lehigh Valley CoalCom
pany were held today and It was decided
to stand firmly together and resist the or
der ot the company that all men em
ployed by the month shall leave their
unions or give up their positions t
The order It la- said affects all these
who are paid by the month and Includes
firemen engineers stable bosses firo
bosses foremen and others holding posi
tions ot responsibility While all th4 men
whom it affects do not belong to unions
the majority do and their unions will
stand by them In their refusal to become
non union men
The company officials say the order Is
directed only at foremen and bewses
DELIBERATION WANTED
The American people are nt so delib
erate or considerate as could be desired
when an thins happens to excite tbem
They are Intense not to say rash
If an thing happens to excite their an
ger against a foreign country they are
too ready to take fire and clamor for war
on the Instant Preachers of the gospel
of peace and good will to men are as
prompt as any of the rest ot us to put ot
the war paint and feathers and brandish
the tomahawk and utter Inarticulate
w hoops
If crimes which Impress them as pecu
liarly atrocious are committed the people
flame up and make haste to signify that
they regard the laws which their repre
sentatives have framed with deliberation
and which they themselves have approved
when in their sober senses as wholly In
adequate to suit the emergency
This is not to say of course that all
Americans are thus Impulsive but it U
to say that his Irrational intensity is now
so common as to have become an Amer
ican characteristic Perhaps nit even a
majority are unduly impulsive but
enough people are so to give the impres
sion to a foreign observer that they are
the people and that as a nation we are
more Frenchy than the French Chicago
Chronicle
ABOLISHING II VNDSHAKING
Just now there Is quite a discussion in
progress as to the desirability of drop
ping the handshaking so common In this
country especially at reception to emi
nent men In public life Various reasons
are given for its discontinuance and none
of any particular weight has so far been
oflertd in favor of its retention And still
in its origin nothing- could be fuller ot
honest meaning that this simple cere
mony It originated in the feeling that
by stretching out the sword arm a roan
showed another that he had no weapon
in his hand and that he could not strike
a blow even If disposed to do so But
this was rise and meaning In a so
called uncivliitcj age Naturally sug
gestions have been made as to what will
take its place The habit of the China
man shaking his own hand is hardly a
good substitute nor is that plan avail
able for general use that Is said to hav
been adopted by a social club in the Il
linois town of Mallnes On their meet
ing room door thej have a large hand
which does duty as a bell pull Enter
ing a member grasps It andall the hand-
Dhilflni otlmiefte nf the occasion With
reference to friends present is considered
as having Seen lumiieci l nuaueipiiiu
Times
THE PACIFIC CABLE
In the last Congress a minority of the
Houso Committee on Interstate and For
eign Commerce reported that the PacIfic
cable question had narrowed down to the
point where the remaining question was
whether the Government should build the
cable anJ own it or build the cable and
not own It The subsidy propositions were
of so liberal a nature ns to convince tho
minority members led by Congressman
Corliss of Michigan that the Govern
ment would pay the bulk of the cost of
laving the cable anjhow and would still
subject to heavj charges for Its use
The subsidy lobby was however strong
enough to dictate the majority report
and the best the opponents of the private
ownership plan could do was to prevent
the majority opinion from being enactcel
Into law Armed with the deliberate con
clusions of the dead President and his
living successor and assured of the posi
tive and courageous support of the latter
the ercmies ot the subsidy grab will feel
Shemselvcs strengthened for a spirit re
newal of the contest at thecoming seJ3lou
of Congress Chicago Journal
T

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