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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1901-1902, December 15, 1901, Second Part, Image 1

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SEC03STO PART
FOUR COLUMNS
WITH A HISTORY
Only Relics 01 the Capitol
Earned in 1814
HOW SSHD IN AH HUMBLER PLACE
Supporting tho Lobby Entranco of
a Down Town Hostory Old
Elavo Colls in tho Somo Building
lor Convenience of Tradors
Every student of American history 13
aware of the fact that during the war of
1E12 the British under General Ilos3 In
ISM advanced upon this city frcm the
Chesapeake end set fire to the Capitol
which was almost entirely destrojed
When rcace Lad been declared the Gov
ernment started to bulU the now and
present Capitol and as a preliminary to
the same ret ibout clearing away the
charred remains of the old structure
Now In the burning of the old Capitol
the fire failed to reach a certain quarter
of the building In which there were two
xcry handsome marble columns as well
ns two Mjuarc cornercd pilasters of tnc
same material and In clearing tho olte
these columns were sold to some enter
prising parties who were then erecting
the St Charles Hotel at the corner of
Pennsylvania Avenue and Third Street
which building is still standing
Itcmindcrs of Test HIMori
Erected In 1620 ILis building has re
mained a betel ever since The marble
columns and pilasters above mentioned
stood on cither side of the main entrance
to the efnee cr lobby Passing along
PcnpsjUanla Avenue people see these
marble columns and take it for granted
that they are of vvood painted to repre
sent marble and in haraany with the rest
of their surroundings A closer Inspec
tion hewever discloses that thoy are of
line marble elegantly chiseled end carv
ed at the top In imitation of lotus loaves
nnd then the wajfarcr wcadcrs how they
came to be here
AH four columns arc of some variety
of Italian marble which in color is white
with blue black faultlngs The columns
arc today all that is left of the first
Capitol of the United States and when
the time comes ns come it will to tVraol
Ish this old building to mtko room for a
larger and more modern structure the
Government should not fall to secure
these instcrcstlng relics for tho National
Museum
The Mnic Enrracoons
John R Spears in his interesting work
entitled The American Slate Trade
states that In post bellum times Alexan
dria Vs was the Omaha of the human
cattle trade and that AVashlngton was
rot far behind Prior to the Civil War
the States of Maryland Virginia Ken
tucky and Missouri did a thriving busi
ness In breeding and rearing negro and
mulatto slaves for the plantations of the
far South and Spears does not exaggerate
when he says that Washington had in
lboEC davs numerous birracoons or
clave yards
One cf these slave markets stockades
or barracoocs was located on the south
cast comer of Eighth and B Streets
ceuthwest and was conducted by a Mr
Ilobey Mr Robcy had erected in the
center cf his barracoon a shower bath
arrangement quite an improvement in its
day where the negroes likely fellows
wire given a hath and fixed up generally
to as to pretent a fine appearance when
brought out for sale
Miouer Xlath for TVcvv Pars
When the war came on this barracoon
was seized by the Government and turned
into a guard house for refractory sol
diers These in charge soon found use
for the shower bath apparatus for when
ever en Inebriated soldier was brought
In no matter hew cold the weather he
was given the full benefit cf the Ice cold
water from Robcis ihowcr bath which
cover failed as a sobering agent
A rival barracoon in fact the largest
In Washington ras located where Po
lice Headquarters now stands and did a
big business The slaves destined for
South Carolina Georgia and other
Southern States were loaded on vessels
down at the Sixth Street wharf and sent
couth As SpeoiJ states in his book
sometimes they revolted overpowered tho
crew and steered the vessel Into the har
bor of Nassau capital of the Bahama
iBlands which btloc1ng to England was
free soil and where the courts never fail
ed to grant the freedom asked
The remains or these old slave siock
edes and markets liave long since disap
peared but v hal Is more interesting than
any remaining slave barracoon and what
Is by long odds the moil remarkable
survival of slavery days in the city may
be seen at this same ol l hotel
uljlirrziieuii Cell
Reaching the corner on which this an
cient building is situated one notices that
the sidewalk In front of the hotel on 11
Street spreads out to something over
twice its ordinary width It Is also un
usually wide on Pennsylvania Avenue
Over this wide surface and at certain
distances apart arc very old Iron caps
resembling very closely a modern man
hole cover only that they are not quite
to large are perforated with holes and
can be keyed fast over the apertures
which they cover
A person wonders what they were ever
intended for They do not cover sewers
nor bubwas nor is there the slightest
trace of a gutter or drain leading to
them
Descending Into the basement of the ho
tel tthe old St Charles one begins to
gather a faint notion of what It all means
Eiparatcd from the building proper by
a long and narrow alleyway running
under the veranda or gallery is a brick
wall with six mabslvc Iron doors grated
like those of a irlBon guarding a sim
ilar number of openings In the wall
Vlicrc Matca Were ICrjit
Passlnr through one of those doors one
discovers that some six or eight Immense
arched cells with walls of stone extend
for a length of nearly thirty feet out
under D Street and Pcnnsylvala Avenue
Tho perforated manhole covers above
give light and ventilation and the cells
lead into one another through grated Iron
doors
These cells have cot been uted since
1SC0 For what purpose then were tbey
built
Planters who came to this city to buy
elaves and that class of men known to
the North as elavo traders and to tho
Jjouth as speculators stopped at the old
St Charles Sometimes they remained a
week cr sovoral dajs or perhaps two
weeks attending tho sales of negroes rt
the barracoons consequently when they
purchased one or several negroes they
had to have somo place to keep them until
they ircro ready to leave fcr their homes
Those who built the St Charles were
ram of business and affairs and they
crccte d this curious old structure with
the expectation of securing the planters
patronage and of diivlng rival concerns
out of business
Cuiirnulee KiiiuM I nix
At the same time that they utlll7cd
the marble columns of the old Capitol
as ornamental attractions thej construct
ed this series of cells undr the street
In which their guests could keep their
propTly in snfctj until they were ready
to leave It proved a great success Tho
proprietors posted a guarantee agreeing
to pay the full value of any negro who
might escape from these cells Here the
plantTS obtained food and entertainment
both for themselves and their human
cattle who were well cared for In the
warm dry cells under the pavement at so
much a head
The old St Charles also maintained a
famous cafe in the basement In the old
dajs which is now used as a lumber
room for old odds nnd ends The hand
some tiled floor of this cue time cafe has
never been disturbed ind can still be
seen under the piles of debris
MAT BE IN HENLET SIEGATTA
lciinKj Ivnuln Ilont Crew Consider
nfeiliit tlie Contest
PHILADELPHIA Dec 14 The Univer
sity of rcnnsjlvania crew will In all
probability compete at the Henley re
gatta again next jeer They will also
row in the Irish regatta for which Lord
Justice OBrln of Ireland has offered a
magnificent trophy If it is decided to send
an eight to England
An Invitation has Just been received
by Chairman Thomas Heath nnd villi at
once be taken up by the Ited and llluo
rowing officials The winner of these
races will bo champion crew
world
of tho
TALE ON THE TARIFF
GOING ON FOREVER
MANY SPEECHES TO BE MADE
rtmncrnuH Knunlrlcs at the ntlonnl
Illirnry fur Literature of Thai
bort Humorous Incident of
lormer DclmteN
The numerous inquiries at the Library
of Congress for tariff and reciprocity lit
erature Indicate that these old favorites
in the political rcprtolre will hold the
boards on Capitol Hill a fair share of
the time this winter Tariff protection
free trade those subjects arc as old as
the Government and have probably been
party issues more jears than any other
subjects yet there have been long periods
in tho countrys political history when
they were not discussed
The slavery agitation the civil war and
the reconstruction period threw the tariff
Into the background for a long time trj
that when James G Dlalnc in 1SS1 made
protection one of the leading Issues the
inaBScs and many Congressmen were llttlo
acquainted with that topic old as It Is
About that time the Librarian of Con
gress received this note
My Dear Spofford Will you please
send to my hojsc whatever works on the
tariff rrotection and free trade vou may
happen to have in the library I will see
that they arc returned In a day or two as
soon as I have read them Yours
JOHN A LOGAN
Got Tlicni In WuKon LimtK
The next day while the Senator was at
lunch up drove two express wagons load
ed with books of every size and descrip
tion One of the drivers handed the Sena
tor this note
Dear Senator I send herewith two
wagon loads of the books Will send two
more this afternoon Will send the rest
tomorrow If I can get at It but our
clerks arc so busy just now that I cant
premise jou for certain Yours
A It SPOFFORD
Senator Logan sent the books back as
soon as he could but he thought the joke
on himself such a good one that he was
the first to tell It
Alexander Hamilton the father of the
tariff system had Thomas Jefferson pit
ted against him In discussion Jefferson
however believed in a tariff but was not
such a high tariff advocate as Hamilton
Later on Clay and Calhoun Webster
Jackson and Benton wrestled with this
old subject Here is an extract from a
debate in Congress between Clay and Cal
hcun
Calboun I consider a tariff decldely
unconstitutional
Clas Alas this reminds mc of what
I would gladly forget in tbcsj halls
mutability of human opinions for In 1S1G
there was no abler advocate of tho tariff
than Mr Calhoun
Calhoun The conrtltutlonnllty of the
taru was not discussed in 181C
Clay Very true and the reason was
there was no statesman then so reckless
as to dispute It
Wllllt lltKcr Q JII1U Mllil
Here IB an extract from a speech by
UogT Q Mills when the MIllB bill was
in the arena of discussion a few vcars
ago
A hundred years ago they thought that
a little tax of 7 or S per cent would en
courage Infant Industries Mr Clay said
onco that three years would be enough
and after a while ho bald that nine years
was all he wanted Hut here we are cele
brating our one hundred nnd tenth anni
versary ns a nation and that infant Is
vet muling nnd pukln in its nurses
arms
In a rpeech against putting wool on the
free Htt Representative Proctor of Ver
mont now a Senator said
The first recorded attempt to break
down the Interests of the sheep Industry
was when Cain slew his brother Abel
who was a keeper of sbocp The motives
and purposes which actuated Cain were
plainly the tame as those which actuate
his followers today It was jealousy of
a preferred and protected Industry
Cain was a tiller of tho ground and
brought the fruits of the ground an of
fering unto the Lord Abel brought the
firstlings of his flock and the Lord had
respect unto Abel and to his offering but
unto Cain and his offering he had not re
spect
The punishment meted out to Cain
falrl foreshadowed that which el all be
rcctcc out to the promoters of tho Wilson
bill A mark will be set upon them nnd
wh n tho time of retribution comes they
will say with Cain My punishment Is
greater than I can bear
A KcntticLIiiii Comment
Asbor G Caruth of Kentucky I
thought the grasp of tho taxgjthercr
stopped at the edge of the grave that
when wc passed to another land It was
a world where the wicked cease from
troubling and the weary arc at rest
Hut sir they pursue a iran even be
yond the tomb Notwithstanding that the
tariff has taxed tho shroud In which the
corpse la clad notwithstanding It has
taxed the coffin In which he Is placed
they now come along to tax the gravc
slono that Is erected over him My Godl
Where le It to end I trust that In the
great hereafter when wo stand beforo to
judgment teat of God w shall at 1aii
find that salvation Is free
BOONTOHDNQRY
AND DESTITUTE
Beneficent Work ol Central
Union Mission
MEALS AND LODGING FOR WORK
Interior Appointments of tho Mis
sion Building Religious Services
Caro Exorcised for Body rud
Soul Results aro Gratifying
Now tint winter Is with us the sign
Central Inion J Is slon over a build
ing on the south lide of Louisiana Ave
nue near Market Space becomes of es
pecial Interest to the houseless and des
titute wavfarer If willing to work this
sign means to him a meal and a lodging
He enters makes known his wants and
Is promptly retorted to the woodjard for
meals and lodging can bo bad In ex
change for wood sawing
Gentlemen whose misfortunes are tho
result of constitutional antipathy to any
kind of exnrtlon except walking or In
other words tramps have no standing at
the mission
If an applicant says he Is hungry ho
must either saw wood for his meal or
move along It Is needless to say that
during the bracing air of the cold season
bracing to the woll cltd but pitiless to
the ragged the exercise of wood sawing
Is rather grateful than otherwise
AliltfIiitmrlitN of lite Institution
Lodging Is supplies In one great dormi
tory which provides for eighty five per
sons those who can pay a trifle more
and who are mere exclusive In their
tastes can be accommodated with sep
arate rooms There arc frequently as
many as two hundred lodgers at the mis
sion in winter time waifs and strays
who have drifted here from various quar
ters and whose constant care It Is to keep
body rnd soul together There arc two
largo dining rooms Ten cents will pay
for a nights lodging or a wholesome
meal
There Is an auditorium on the first floor
seating 300 persons Another large hall
on the second floor scats 10D Besides
the auditoriums there aro on the first
and second floors tnc chapel reading
room dining room and office The
rial cr wood sawing department lava
tories etc are In the basement th
printing office committec rooma and
a tory are on the other floors The prlnt
ig office is utilized In the publication of
a weekly paper known as Tfco Mission
Bulletin which contains newsy inform
ation of the work being done
Hellions Servicer
Meetings are held In the chaiel at the
mission building every afternoon as well
as Sunday afterncons and evenings There
s a morning service of prav era for tho
benefit of employes which Till arc expect
ed to attend A song servico Is a great
feature of meetings and the strains
of devotional music can be heard by the
passer by floating out upon tho Avenue
while the wlniows darkened by the bodes
of the worship rs tell of a large congre
gation within
The services are generally conducted
by volutceers from the city churches the
various pastors taking ialns to spare time
for participating la these exercises when
ever possible Several successful evange
lists who now hold forth with great suc
cess arc converts of tho mission rnd
once craved Its charity
The activities of the institution arc cen
tred in three organizations known re
spectively aB the Mens Dand the Wom
ens Hand and the Workers Union The
numerous branches are carried on through
the aid of these three organizations
There is said to be a great amount of
work doe in the way of home and hos
pital vis Ung tract distributing jail work
stationhoujc visiting etc
Tlic floMiel WnRnn
One of the most prominent featues of
the work of the mission Is the Gospel
wagon There arc two of theso vehicles
and they are to be seen In all parts of tho
city holding song services and affording
means for addressing street audiences
One of tho Gospel wagons is stationed
every night of tho week when weather
permits at Market Space and both aro
constantly cmploved on Sunday The fol
lowing re ccct report of a Gospel v azon
service from the Mission Bulletin may
be taken as tjpical
The Union street wagon meeting was
a real Pentecostal occasion last Sunday
There- were no cloven tongues nor rush
ing winds but thero was the manifest
power of tho Holy Sprit There was
faithrul prayer an earnest proclamation
of the Gospel warning and the gracious
Invitation
Tenrn of Penitence
There were tears or penitence and of
earnest seeking of tho Lord There were
many requests for pravcr It docs not
seein possiblo that the twenty or thirty
adult einners can ever turn back They
teem to have a vision of their doom if
they should dlo without an interest in
Christ and a vision of tho blessedness of
the redeemed We shall hear from them
in the comluf das of this mission work
After a short rest the wagon vas
driven to the corner below the Mission
where tho fervlcs were resumed It
was a glorious meeting The scats on
the lawn were filled and there was a
fringe all about the three sides of the
sitting audience of standing persons who
remained as altcnli e listeners The les
son v as Kiven by Brother Young who
took for bis subject the words of the
Lord from Isaiah Tell Hezeklah thus
saih the Lord I have heard thy praver
I have cccn thy tears IlehoM I will
heal thee Tho vcrv forcible manner In
which he handled the subject was up
lifting to Christians nnd very impressivo
to nil who heard him The fruits of tho
work wore manifest when from twclvo
to twenty hands were raised fur prayer
after the appeal
rruKrcs of the Worlc
The mission Is now In the seventeenth
year of its existence It Is under the
control uf a board of directors composed
of leading laymen Thero Is besides the
Ministerial Assoclato Council composed
of pastors of the several churches of the
city These bodlou hold regular meet
ings at which the Interests of tho mis
sion are thoroughly considered and per
sopa1 direction Is given It
The mission says BY 0 T Prcsbrey
from its beginning ha3 devoted Itself to
reaching that great unchurched mass
found In every city who are hungry for
the bread of life Tho mission has never
In aqy nianrer beon a rival of the
church but Its work Is In heartiest ac
Tu with that of the pastors Its aim Is
to I ouch the unsaved ami It takes as Its
motto Gn into tho highways nnd hedges
at d constrain them to come in Sixty-
three churches of all denominations havo
contributed to the support oftho mission
Scarce a church In the city can
be found that is not In some way Identi
fied with the evansellatlc -work of tho
mission The converts are now found In
all parts of the country They are ener
getic workers superintendents of rescue
missions ministers of tho gospel evan
gelists and doing work for tho Master
wherever found
It may be noted In conclusion that the
building now occupied by tho mission was
once the Seaton Hotel nnd later the city
postofilce It could assuredly Berve no
nobler aim than In Its present capacity
HEW YORKS VOTE CANVASSED
InrRo VlnJirllj In Iuvnr of n Consll
tufiorinl Amemlntenf
ALBANY N Y Dec II The State
Bonrd of Canvassers tedsy met and can
vassed the vote of the last election show
ing the Constitutional nmendraent which
In effect prohibits exempting church
lands from taxation to hive a mijnrlty
vote in favor of Its adoption of 43C3C
William 1 Barnps and Morton Ik Lewis
Hcpubllcans were declared elected Sena
tors in the HcnBsclner and Monroa dis
tricts respectively
-Charles I Knnpp was declired elected
to Congress In the
district bj a plurality of 7633
GRANTS KINDNESS
TO AN APPLE GIRL
JOKINGLY PROMISED HER A PLACE
Wns ltoiuliilfl Itr of UN Pledge
Aff r lie Hnl I jctlcut
mill CiUMf i tho v iipoliitment
o lie Iortlivv lti
Stories of heroes especially after their
death arc most likely to bo taken with
a grain of salt but hero Ib one of Presi
dent Grant or rather a continued story
of Grant as General and as President
which is altogether new and is commit
ted to type for the first time
It would be a characteristic story but
for the modesty which veiled the grim
warriors gentler deeds but as rare as
may be the public knowledge of such
this one must pass unchallenged on the
testimony of living and credible wit
nesses
Little sad fared Mary tho apple girl
was a well known figure to tho corners
and thoroughfares of Washington before
General Grant became President and a
short time afterward she nndhcr basket
were seen no more together
Her Soil lnce
Mary was not nn unattractive girl and
the perpetually sad expression of her face
caused all who taw her to glvo her more
than a passln notice and to this fact is
due this little romantic story The gentle
man who ells it Is a Government cm
plojo whose oiSoe was thenvlisll Is now
ni n it nl ii ttli tin otpont
fflPr5
i iw aikiimnmmtm n rairo
n sy vrvtssrj wye y -
A V I
AVASlIINCiTOX STJXJAV DECEAniER 15 J 001
LOTTERY SLIPS
IN POETIC FORM
Chinamens Trick of Circu
lating Tickets
TRYING TO BEAT POSTAL LAWS
Amcricrtnizocl Cclostlala Explana
tion of tho Dovico Lottora Strick
en from Stanzaa IrdlcHto Numbor
to Bo Played
One bleak wintry day kujwJ o kiLi 2fLjk
head and tfintfed tliniiiiini
look but on the street and saw a gentle
men examining a btuket of apples held
by a llltic girl but Instead of purchasing
the man passed on and fortho first time
the Governmental official saw Marys faee
and noticed its sadness which he attribu
ted to disappointment over the loss of an
anticipated customer To compensate her
he called to her bought some apples and
Induced his fellow cmployca to do the
same and then told her to come every
day and he would buy apples from her
Gencrnl tirniiCj lronilne
In this way he became acquainted with
her history She was an orphan and was
selling apples to supr ort herself Among
her customers was General Grant who
lived then on Seventeenth Street as she
told her new found friend who is Mr D
R Swingle In charge of tho Internal
Revenue blank room Treasury Depart
ment He bought apples from Mary every
day becumo Interested In her supplied
her with pens ink and paper set copies
for her and taught her bow to write
In their early acquaintance she had told
Mr Swingle In connection with the fact
that General Grant bought apples from
Ler that he once said to her
Mary if I ever become President I shall
give jou an appointment
Some cara later when Mary was about
fifteen and General Grant was President
In her dally visit to Mr Swingles of
fice he snid to her
Mary you are getting too big now to
be selling apples on the street
Ves she replied but what shall I
do
Cnlllnsr on lie President
Go and sec the President and remind
him of his promise Here I will write
you a card and you take it right up to
him
Tho card was written and Little sad
faced Maty wended her trembling way
to tho White House where he delivered
the card to a messenger who handed It to
tho President and he read
Mary McCarty
The little girl who used
to sell vou applot
Without waiting to tell the messenger
to admit the visitor President Grant
came out shook her band cordially said
he remembered her and asked her what
lie could do for her
General she said I am getting too
big to sell apples on the street any more
Ves you are Mary tho President in
terrupted
and I thought r would come and re
mind vou of jour promise
I remember that too said the Presi
dent and it shall be done I shall write
right away Into which department do
vou wish to go
in tho Hurcau of Engraving and Print
ing
Very well come back Thursdaj this
was Tuesday and bring a card just like
this holding her card in his hand
Mary thanked him returned to Mr
Swingle told him what the President had
said and went out to dlspoco of her little
remaining stock of apples but slio had
scarcely time to mnkc a sale before some
one approached her asked If she was
Mary McCarty tho llttlo apple girl and
being answered In tho nlllrmntlvc g ive
her u letter and returned In the direction
from which ho came
Hit Appointment
rrlghlcned at tho proceedings for no
explanation of the letter was given Mary
hurried to Mr Swingles office related tho
circumstances and handed him tho un
opened letter to read On seeing Its con
teuts Mi Swingle said
Why Mary It Is your appointment
And so It was Tho President had not
waited for Mary to return Thursday but
had tho appointment madcat once and
sent his mcEscnscr out to find her nnd
dcflver It
There aro many Washlnglonlans who
renumber Llttlo sad faced Mary and
who may havo wondered at her sudden
dlsappcarnncc from tho street with hor
basket of apples Tboy will know now
for the first tlmo that It was one of Pres
ident Grants happy removals
Thero la n law on tho statute books
which makes It an offence to send
through tho malls advertisements relat
ing to lotteries and postal laws an
regulations require postmasters to sub
mit to tho Department for a ruling all
lottery advertisements which aro ques
tionably violations of the law
The postmasters not only obey this
regulation conscientiously by submitting
bean guesElng contests oficr3 of prizes
to persons who estimate nearest the
number of seeds contained in a pump
kin or tho number of grains of corn
which can bo picked up In a given time
by a Plymouth Rock hen that has been
deprived of food for 21 hours Hut
sometimes advertisements are received
which are questionable on account of
the language used
Thu3 If a German circular Is receiv
ed with the words Loose or Ge
wlnnr or n circular In Polish contain
ing tho word Lotterie or in some
other language with the magic words on
It they are post hasto sonf to tho De
partment for opinion as to whether a
fraud order should be Issued The De
partment experts on lottery questions
ferret tbcm to tho bottom however
whether Polish Hungarian Italian or
whatever kind may be presented
Chinese Lottery Tlclet
But a veritable Chinese puzzle was
presented to the Department last week
It came from one of the Western States
The postmaster In question submitted a
square bit of paper covered with Chi
nese characters with tho stereotype form
of letter asking whether the circular
was non mallable and adding evident
ly ns an Incn4v5 to Investigation that
he was advlFd the paper was a
i nese lottery ticket
Chineso Interpreters arc scarce at tho
Postofilce Department In fact no one
there professes skill in that style of
tongue movement The lottery expert
of tho rostoffice Department was there
fore compelled to hunt up a Chinese
laundryman who knew how to wangle
his tongue our way This Celestial when
bU
Cant you read It askod the Gov
ernment onictit
Yes answered Lcc
Rend It to me said the official
thinking he had run the matter to lt3
source-
A Poetic Kssny
Leo read slowly and brought out the
poetic rhjthm of a composition which
might have been taken for a graduation
essay or poem Inc following is the first
stanza
Dark skies above a yellow earth
Chaos before creations birth
The sun and moon their courses run
The stars shine out when the day is done
Of course the lottery expert could not
sec how he could construe these Innoecnt
words Into n lottery ticket advertisement
or list of drawing connected with or re
lating to the same He was about to
conclude that he was chasing a wild gan
der But there was a marginal noto In
Chinese hieroglyphics and thinking it the
subject of tho poem lie concluded he might
ns well have the thing complete so Ioo
was asked what It meant
Afraid of Ills Life
Me no leadce replied Lcc
Dont that mean anything
Ycg namee of lottely man yesslr re
sponded the almond eyed Asiatic
Tell me abcut It the Postoffico In
spector demanded
Then Iee loosee hlg head replied Lee
in sombre and mournful tones
Persuasion was In vain for Lee de
clared he would be killed if he told more
about It
The only rse tho Inspector had
was to hunt up another Chinaman and use
different tactica to gain tho knowledge
which was hidden beneath the chlcken
fcet monograms on the llttlo square bit
of paper in bis possession The China
man approached happened to be one who
had voluntarily parted with his cue and
that meant that ho was Americanized as
far as he could go
This little outward sign gave the Post-
office man confidence and as asketl John
How do jou play this little game pro
ducing the alleged lottery ticket
Me no rlayee replied John
That makes no difference you played
before sou came over here and all I want
to know is how the garao is played
This smoothed the stormy pain wnicn
John would have to travel In ailnlttlng a
knowledge of the game and he explained
and the following Is tho explanation of
tho little bit of square paper
An Kvplnmitlnii nt Inst
The promoter of tho lottery has the
single character contained on the slip re
produicd on separate slips of paper
These are rolled up placed In capsules
and thrown Into1 an urn where they aro
stirred with n magic wand Thirty of
them are picked out by a blindfolded
Chinaman nnd put Into n opaque Jar ready
for use The balance are consigned to the
flames without being removed from tho
capsules
Then tho tickets a square bit of paper
containing an Innocent attempt nt poetry
are distributed sometimes by hand and
at other times by mail if Uncle Sams
postal agents nre not watching Then
each who desires to play simply blots out
tho twenty characters on which ho Is
willing to stake Ms money and forwards
tlo poetry thus disfigured with his remit
tance to the lottery operator
Wlcn tlo tickets aro returned to a
certain Jar it Is broken open and tho
contents compared with the blotted Char
acters on the different tickets each man
winning from or losing to tho bank ac
cording ns he has shown his ability to
Eucss the contents of tho Jar
XAISEH DECORATED ITO
Jfipnnese Presented With Order of
Illnclc Cngle
BHRLIN Dec H Emperor William
received Marquis Ito tho Japanese
statesman nnd former Prlmo Minister for
half an hour today When tho marquis
was leaving tho Kmporor presontod him
with the Order of the Black Casle
TKAIN OOESJ IMXO IUVER
IiriilKc nt Trn Ohio Collnincs Wltli
IHftnntroim ltosiIts
TROY Ohio Dec II The east span cf
Big Four bridge across the Miami River
one mile cast or Troyc went down this
morning at 5 oclock while the castbound
freisht No 97 was on It
The brldce had Just recently been In
spected by tho railroad officials
By the wreck the fireman W S Clifford
cf Indianapolis wns killed His body
has not been recovered from tho river
No one else was seriously hurt although
the engineer fireman and conductor were
all In the cab of tho engine nt the time
It happened Tl e conductor George Hen
ry hsd his right hand badly scalded but
the engineer escaped without a scratch
The engine and nlnr freight cars were
plied on top of each other In tho river
bed and the wreck will be the mos costly
that the Big Kour Riltrond ha3 suffered
for years in this vicinity
A DEGItEE POE HISS GOTJID
Honored Uy pw Turk Lnlverttr for
Imminent Seriicc
NEW YORK Dee II Miss Helen
Gould was one of five women to receive
tho honorary desrcoof master of letters
today from New York University for
eminent servico to education In a
womans organization auxiliary to the
university
The degrees were conferred by Chan
cellor MacCrackcn 2t a reception at noon
today In the University building Wash
ington Square given by the womens ad
visory committee or the university
ChanccVir MacCracken announced that
a gift of 45000 huu been received from
the president of the womans advisory
committee for tho establishment of a
museum of pedagogy
STRANGE HISTORY
OF AN ANCIENT SWORD
WEAPON OF GENERAL McPHEESON
Gift to Ancestor of Civil War Hero
Iiy Itlvlinril Coenr ile Lion
5if In PoseiHlon of 3SUs
Campbell of This
A sword of great Interest once the
property of the late General Dlrdseye Mc
Phcrson Is In the possession of Miss
Helen Campbell of this city The facta
In connection with this weapon are
strange and the method of their collation
still stranger The Hword ha3 a small
straight blade with a brass hilt lt3 stsry
is Identified with that of General McPher
sons family from a remote period
It appears that the McPhersons were
in the tlmo of David II King of Scot
land known as the Clin Chattan Tho
home of the clan was In the Middle High
lands and a deadly feud sprang up with
the Clan Kaylle the name of the latter
Is spelled phonetically in EnglUh as it
is almost impossible to give it correctly
except In the Gaelic characters This
SECOND PART
PRIVILEGES OF
SENATE FLOOR
An Honor Rarely Extended
in Later Years
A HARK OF GREAT DiSTINCHOlf
Only Extended to Prosldonta on
Thrco Occasions Visitors of
Frominenco Complirnonted by
tho Upper House of Congress
fkud terminated ia a dcclsivo battla riKO durngtnc
fought In tho reign cf David II In
which the Kaylle clan wa3 exterminated
and thereafter the Chattan took the
name McPherson mcanlns son of tho
Invincible This cognomen McPherson
was originally pronounced McFearson
and here again phonetic spelling Is em
ployed but became at length corrupted
Into its modern form
Crtisiiilcr Wins Knlchthoml
Before the change In the name of tho
clan occurred however William Chattan
chief of the clan who was partially Nor
man by descent accompancd Richard the
First of England Cocur de Lion to the
Holy Land and was present with him at
the siege of Jerusalem At tho close of
the crusade Richard knighted Chattan
and gavo him a sword the same now
owned by Miss Campbell
This sword continued In the possession
of the McPherson family almost uninter
ruptedly down to the time of General Mc
Pherson who wore It upon dress occa
sions It then having a bras3 sheath Tho
general left It among his effects before
his last battle and alter his tragic death
all theso objects wero disposed of and
tho historic sword came Into the posses
sion of Its rrcsent owner
There nre noticeable some bloootalns
upon tho blade which must be of great
age as a very long period must have
elapsed since the weapon has been used
and these stains It has been found Im
possible to remove
Huvr the hvvortl Wan Ohtnlnctl
Perhaps tho most remarkable thin
about the sword Is the manner In which
Miss Campbell came to acquire It ani
the facts concerning its history as nar
rated above Miss Campbell Is a lady ol
remarkable attainments some of her mu
sical compositions being well known In
this city where they havo been played at
public concerts notably at those of the
Marine Band She is moreover an etcel
lcnt linguist
The faculty however upon which Miss
Campbell especially prides herself Is one
that 13 so rarely mot with and that has
been so frequently si nutated by persons
who cither possess It not at all or In so
imperfect a degree that the matter has
excited much well grounded skepticism
In other words Miss Campbell Is what
for want of a better word has been
termed a medium
A Snlrltiinl Te lephonc
All this said Miss Campbell referring
to the story of the sword came to me by
means of what I call my telephone But
the voices that I hear are more distinct
have more of their owners Individuality
thnn those heard through the ordinary
telephone And yet with me a great deal
depends upon tho ci ndltlon of the
weather If the atmospnere is ncavy more
ls a faint burring whilo on clear dajs tho
sound Is very distinct Indeed
It was thus as I sat near the fire a
couple of -nights ago between 12 and 1
oclock that tho facts I have narrated
came to me Can I distinguish the voices
Oh very plainly They are sometimes the
voices of the living and sometimes of
the dead
No I do not belont to the Spiritual
ists continued Miss Campbell I havo
no knowledge ot any such sect I was
born an Episcopalian and have remained
In that communion all my life The world
at large independent of all sects and ot
the restricted Investigations of scientists
will in time learn to scparato tho wheat
from the chatf In this matter and acknowl
edge tho existence of tho phenomena with
which I am In direct personal contact
perhaps somo tlmo it will be able to ex
plain them
Why I have removed my existence
from my body and havo appeared and
spoken with a dear friend ot mine in a
distant city Sho wished to know when
I had died but I told her I was allvo
and well Sho told mo afterward of tho
occurrence before I had said a word upon
tho matter so you see It was cot a delu
sion upon my part
That St Paul porsesscd this faculty
wo have proof In ht3 own words for does
ho not say Whether in or out of the
body I know not
The privilege of the Door of the Senato
Is an honor of late yeare rarely conferred
by that tribunal The President of tho
United States seems never to have exer
cised his right to anocar uoon the Door
of the Senate during a regular session
save twice beforo the Government moved
to Washington on August 22 and 21
lSJ and on the occasion when President
John Adams read his message In 1S00
On December 7 1S23 a resolution was
adopted recogniilng the existence of the
privilege of the members ot the Houso
and their clerk heads of departments
several officers of the Treasury the Post
master General tho Presidents Secre
tary Federal Judges foreign Ministers
and their secretaries who had
rccelvcJ tho thanks of Congress by name
commissioners cf the Navy Board Gov
ernors of States or Territories persons
who had been hcad3 of departments or
members of cither branch of tho Legisla
ture and nt tho discretion of the Presi
dent of the Senate members of tho legis
latures cf foreign Governments In amity
with the United States to appear upon
the flcor of the Senate
The Hale Amended
The rule was amended from time to
time so as to Include several odclals of
the army and navy together with tho
clerk and reporter of the Supreme Court
and In 183 certain roporters of newspa
pers were given tho privilege
When the Senate moved Into Its present
chamber in 1S53 the privilege was cut
down to officers of the Senato and mem
bers cf the House It was bowers r soon
extended so as to embrace various Fed
eral officials and in IST2 the private sec
retaries of the Senators were also admit
ted Contestants for seats have uniform
ly been admitted until the settlement of
their titles but no other persons bavo
been allowed in the chamber except it be
parties in contempt or persons appearing
as counsel In en 2 cf camempt or Im
peachment
Privilege Ilcpcatcilljr Souslit
Since 18C3 the privilege of the floor has
been repeatedly sought on behalf ot the
ladles and In several Instances It has
been granted fcr one eiay ohty notably la
tatcnjtbe comprom
ise measures and agarn lnl63 when the
adms3lcn of Kansas was under discus
sion
The Senate has honored en some oc
casions distinguished visitors by accord
ing them the privilege of the Boor De
cember 5 1821 at 1 oclock Lafayette In
accordance with a prearranged plan was
conducted Into the chamber by a com
mittee appointed for that purpose and In
troduced by Mr Barbour Its chairman
la the Senate
The Senators arose from the seats
and remained standing until tho French
general was seated In a chair to the
right of the Vice President to which ho
was invited by that officer Then upon
the motion of Mr Barbour the Senate
adjourned by unanimous consent thit
the Senators Individually might present
their respects to their honored visitor
The ex President of the Republic ot
Texas was adralted to the Coor of the
Seaate by unanimous consent February
17 IS 12 and the Rev Theobald Matthew
the great advocate of temperance onco
received a like honor through the efforts
of Mr Clay who argued In favor of tho
resolution In opposition to Senators Cal
houn Dawson and Footc
Honored ns AVns Lafayette
On January u 1852 at 1 oclock Louis
Kossuth was conducted Into the cham
ber ot the Senate by a committee ap
pointed for that purpose It having been
reported by the committee and agreed
to by the Senate that the same ceremon
ies should bo held In his honor as In that
of Larayettc Mr Shields as chairman
of the committee presented too visitor
to the Senate The Senators having
arisen the President pro temporo ad
dressed him as follows
Louis Kossuth I welcome you to tho
Senate of the United States The com
mlttco vlU conduct you to tke seat which
I have caused to be prepared for jou
The Senators then resumed their seat3
after which upon the motion of Mr Ma
grum the body adjourned to con crso
personally with the distinguished Hun
garian
Officers nnd Soldiers Honored
The officers and soldiers of the war of
1812 then holding a convention In tho
city received on January 1S53 the un
precedented honor of an invitation to oc
cupy seats upon the floor ot the Senato
without tho bar durins the progress of
their convention
On February 6 19S0 the et Presldent cf
the Republic of Bolivia was admitted to
the floor ot the Senate On January VJ
1S63 upon announcement by Mr Orlmes
of the presence in the Senate Clnmber of
Vice Admiral Farragut tho first officer
In the navv unon whom the title had been
conferred the Senate by unanimous con
sent took a recess of ten minutes to ex
change courtesies with visitor
April 20 1890 the privilege 01 tne uoor
for that dav only was extended to the
fcers and members of the Legislature
of the State ot Ohio then on a visit to
Washinjton
Prtvlli Ke nxtemleil to Other
George Bancroft the historian was oa
January S 1879 tendered the privilege of
the Door of the Senate whlrh he contin
ued to enjoy during the remainder of his
life Though the rosolutlou reported by
Mr Blaine spoke ot him as tho ex
Cabinet Minister whose appointment was
earlest In the lino of those now living
the great probability Is that his worth a3
an historian was as Instrumental In se
curing this honor as his sorvices In of
ficial public life
Wlnfleld S Hancock by a resolution
passed unanimously on March 5 1831 was
accorded the privilege ot the floor of tho
Senate during his stay In Washington
fo Coal ShortnBC nt NofolIc
NORFOLK Vs Dec H Tho scarcity
ot soft coal reported to prevail at other
points is nok apparent hero Tho demand
Is heavy and shipments of Pocahontas
coal from here for tho week ending yes
terday eggrcgate In round figures 50000
tons Tho bulk of this went to New Eng
land rolnts hough some went to foreign
ports

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