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The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1901-1902, June 29, 1902, Magazine Features, Image 27

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Section Three
to equip themselves to meet the new
problem tho viclssltudo of Strar had
forced upon them thty tell with pardon
able gusto of how they donned long
Hie warfraiaton QTitite
rrAcv ii
w SKwassyissr
skirts and high heels and turned up
their braids to acquire tho requlslto ma
turity for examination
AH except one aro Roman Catholics
and attend the church of that denomina
tion at New Paltz The non Catholic
girl came from an evangelical mission
at Key West Fla and knew little or no
As It is the purpose of the Cuban
ernment In this educational experiment
not to Import into Cuba the system of
education approved by the Board of He
gents of the State of New York but
rather to adapt and adopt such parts of
that system as will graft easily and
readily on the present civilization ev
ery precaution is taken to maintain In
the dally life of the students the cus
toms and manners of the tcial life of
the Spanish Americans To this end the
students aro divided Into threo groups
each residing with a chaperon fin three
separate residences Riverside Cottage
Van Kuren House and Stein Hotel
which Mr Scudder leased and conducts
with the assistanceof Mrs Stein for the
students accommodation The chaper
ons wero selected by tho Cuban govern
ment and are Cuban women of culture
and social training They receive a sal
ary of J GO a month and their expenses
The chaperons aro widows and each
endeavors to preserve In her little com
munity the conventionalities of the so
cial life of Cuba and assist the local
priest in looking after their spiritual du
ties Several times during the ear a
Cuban priest has come from Washington
to administer the sacraments but as
most of the students now speak and un 1
i vsxi mmjimm vTxas jrs -v zw
derstand English sufficiently the local
pastor Is able despite his unfamlliarlty
with Spanish to hear confessions
Their Chaperons
The chaperon of Riverside Cottago
Mrs Aurella Landa de Barsaga is well
known in the first circles of Havana
Owing to the illness of her mother Mrs
Barsaga will not return to America next
year Mrs Rlcarda P de Pelllgcro the
chaperon of the family at the Stein Ho
tel and her daughter will spend tho va
cation in this country Her charges will
return under tho chapcronage of the
mistress of Vnn Kuren House Mrs Tor
rest widow of the brother of Edwin
Forrest tho tragedian A Cuban by
birth Mrs Forrest resided in this coun
try fifteen jears of her married life to
return upon the death of her husband
to tho Island which Is now her home
Tho chaperons accompany their charges
to and from yio Normal School sit with
them In recitations and share their out
ings cither for business or pleasure
To the bojs and girls congregated at
New Paltz from various sart3 of tho
State this Latin custom of chaperonagc
appears strange especially In tho sober
town of New Paltz basking In the se
agCWssA C
MJ iZAi C tJb
i TniLt
lmtdm Tii J rwriVTrT i i iT i airf
wealthy families are convent bred con
sequently well grounded In languages
and good manners The deference of
the Latin races to superiors is shown
on entering the Cuban schoolroom at
New Paltz Every student rises to her
feet and remains standing until the
stranger Is seated or has taken leave
Seven on arriving spoke English well
while a number translated It readily
and could understand fairly Those who
understood not a word six months ago
are able today to follow daises in Eng
lish Their progress the teachers as
sert is exceptional To secure profes
sional training in America thev were
obliged to pass a special examination
conducted by the school authorities of
Cuba In age they were presumed to
range from sixteen to twenty six sev
enteen the average Sixteen is the pre
scribed limit Two of the brightest
girls confess to have barely turned thir
teen and fourteen rcipcctlvcly confes
sions their childish figures skirts graz
ing shoctops ind braids hanging down
their backs verify Ir their eagerness
curity of two hundred years of Hugue
not ancestry and preserving to this
hour the somnolence of Slceny Hollow
Assimilated Freedom
Despite the chaperons faithful fulfil
ment of the letter of the law and the
Cuban girls dutiful acquiescence they
have unconsciously assimilated not a
little of the freedom of American wom
anhood and teachers and well wishers
now question Its effect upon their heme
I am afraid said Prof Scudder
they wU find the restraint of the old
life after the freedom they have en
Joyed here a painful experience In
assuming the responsibility of the ex
periment Prof Scudder had to adapt
a course of study to foreign students
which should in a year Justify its main
tenance to the Stato authorities but at
the same time not retard or Interrupt
the work of the regular students
Happily good fortune favored hlra In
securing tho sorviccs of two American
teachers skilled in the Spanish lan
guage and customs Miss Armstrong
head Instructor of the Cuban classes
went to the Argentine Republic under
contract with that government to es
tablish normal schools patterned after
those of the United States At that
time there wero two normal schools in
tho Argentine Republic Three times
Miss Armstrong returned to this coun
try in quest of American teachers to
assist In carrying on the work in South
America Of tho thirty normal schools
now nourishing in the Argentlno Re
public some sixteen were directly or in
directly established by her Falling
health compelled her to return to this
country about a year ago when Prof
Scudder secured her services Miss
Armstrongs assistant is Mls3 Rosa
Dark a native of Indianapolis who
went to South America In 18S5 where
she was principal of a womans train
ing school at Mandoza A feature Is the
gratuitous work of Miss Wales who
Joined tSe faculty this spring giving
six hours a day to the classroom and
defraying her personal expenses from
her own purse Miss Wales taught Span
ish fifteen years In South America be
fore returning to this country to claim
an inheritance
Recited in Spanish
There are four classes a day in Eng
lish The old district schoolhouse of New
Paltz was fitted up for the Cubans
Their text books are In English but they
recite In Spanish As they aro to teach
In their native tongue the method of
teaching Is imparted to them in that
They are exceptionally bright ener
getic and ambitious said Miss Arm
strong They have only one thought
to return to their own country well
equipped teachers They are learning
the English language ten times more
rapidly than are the American students
here the Spanish I teach both and
have no hesitancy in making the asser
The Cubans are much taken with
physical culture and It Is to them the
most novel feature In American train
ing In basketball their team reached
Magazine Features
Charming Young Women from the
Infant Republic Who Came to This
Country to Be Trained to Teach in
Their Own Schools Uncommonly
Blight and Energetic and Lacking
None of the Winsomeness of the
Latin Races
LITTLE over two -weeks ago the
A American Normal School at
New Taltz N Y for training
Cuban women to teach In the
public schools of their native country
closed the first year of Its actual history
as an institution amid most auspicious
circumstances The institution is unique
In the very character of the work at
which it alms Through It a wonderful
amount of good is expected to be ac
complished in the matter of extending
and perfecting the educational system
of the republic of Cuba
The pupils themselves of the New
Paltz school are a remarkable class of
young ladies hey are uncommonly
bright and energetic with standards of
honesty and ideals peculiar to their na
tive land In them none of the win
someness of the Latin races is lacking
and thay possess a charm which is quite
as refreshing as it is unusual
The majority of the students have re
turned to their homes ip the island
with their chapenms Their return was
made under conditions very different
from tboss existing when they sailed to
America In September for the most
sanguine did jiot then hope for such a
speedy Independence for their beloved
island Since the inauguration of the
cf Cuba they have been count
ing the days until homeward bound
Many regretted not having witnessed
the formal inauguration of General
Missed Their First Inauguration
He Is our first president sighed
one and there can never be only one
first president and to think we were so
far away from home and could not see
him inaugurated
A number of the Cuban students will
remain m this country during the vaca
tion their families having come over
and settled here since the school opened
Several will continue to study during
the summer at Harvard All who sail
for Cuba this week expect to return to
their studies in September together
with thirty additional students as stip
ulated In the Government contract Of
the sixty original students all but
three have completed the first years
course One was sent back on account
of Ill health a second for insubordina
tion a third because the authorities
considered her undesirable They are
thought to have shown that they are
Intent on making the most of an excep
tional opportunity and quick to note
and assimilate not only the best to be
encountered in the schoolroom but In
the social life of the quaint old town of
New Paltz
Origin of the Han
Prof Myron L Scudder principal of
the State Normal School established
more than fifteen years In the pictur
esque valley of the Wallklll at New
Paltz has carried out the work of traln
Jng these teacberc The idea of sending
Cuban women to this country to bo
trained here to teach In the public
schools of the lnlanl originated with
Lieut Matthew I anna a West Point
graduate a relatire cf Senator Hanna
and a member of the United States Com
mission of Education for Cuba appoint
ed shortly after General Wood was made
Governor Alexander Fry who success
fully conducted the Cuban excursions
last summer to Hurvnrd and substan
tiated his Interest In the cause by mar
rjing one of the Cuban women con
tributed signally to the maturing of
Lieutenant Hannas plan None sus
pected that he was anticipating In a
small way the dream of Cecil Rhodes
Paid by Cuba
When Governor Wood had Indorsed the
proposition correspondence was opened
with a number of Stt normal schools
throughout the United States The Cu
ban government agreed to assume the
responsibility of the professional train
ing of the girls quallfiid to come and
to provide rooms board and ordinary
washing for the sum ol G a week for
each student the use of the school
equipment to be given by the state
Aside from traveling expenses to and
from the Isiznd each student Is paid by
the Cuban government J0 for personal
expenses Upon the completion of the
course which covers two jears to each
student is guaranteed n position In the
Cuban public schools of 00 a month
What guarantee has the Cuban gov
eminent that the students will keep J
their contract was askcl
Nono was exacted It was piesumcd
Marriage Breaks All Contratcs
Suppose Cupid should step In was
In Latin countries explained a
knowing senora when a woman mar
rles she breaks all contracts
In considering the governments prop
osition Principal Scudder submitted to
the Cuban Commission an outlino of the
curriculum of the New Paltz Normal
School The academic training was to
be supplemented by a certain amoujt
of domestic science manual and physi
cal training for good housewives and
home makers no less than for skilled
pedagogues The course met the views
of the commission and so satisfied was
Lieutenant Hanna with his first visit to
New that the contract between the
authorities of the State of New York
and the Cuban government was sealed
without visiting State normal schools
elsewhere The contract covers a period
of first yearV
experiment Justifies Its maintenance to
the State authorities and the Cuban gov
ernment In the interval the republic
has been instituted and it remains now
for the new government to accept or
reject the report that will be submit
ted shortly
Deference to Superiors
The students arrived In groups the
first coming in September the second
in October All had had more or less
educational advantages In Cuba Some
the daughters of patriots and once
iimmiMJKk lMn Y MBMafrmSilMMKMTmMtJFlim
they would pay back the money the HRISSiM v1HbH M HIHKKIiBvWK0tH
ernment expended was the reply afBHMPPrTK fBHll
But if they have no money IHQf4H HvlHll BKWHJBklW4HgWyMB
There was an eloquent shrug of the mHK YB eMM IVidrflHJMKlMafr
shoulders KMIBi llAMl liMHlLAMHHlOflBiiH HtBfe l
w x 1 - rflBiC4BBBBHHBBmvV MISS clara ventura
Reveled In the freedom
Recorded Them Which
Was Totally Different
from Their Home Life
Tooh Great Dellqht in
Physical Culture and En
tered the Sports with
Great Spirit
such skill that they entered contest
with a winning chance I like said
one of the girls nothing better in
American Instruction than exercise ot
the body When I go home- this sum
mer I teach It to my compatriots I
know not whether they like it I want
much to see
First Sight of Snow
Contrary to expectations the Ameri
can climate agreed with them and there
was little or no Illness Snow which
many saw for the first time gave un
bounded delight Lest they should suffer
from exposure school was supended
during a snowstorm The more venture
some spent the enforced holiday snow
balling their companions So great waa
the charm of this climate novelty that
they had their pictures taken In snow
storms to send home to their friends
The evening preceding the Inauguration
of the Cuban President they Improvised
and costumed without assistance from
the faculty and gave a series of tab
leaux interspersed with native vocal
and instrumental music which greatly
pleased their audience
My experience with the Cuban girls
corroborates that of Mr Fry said Prof
Scudder I have found them the soul
or honor Before Christmas I loaned
them sums amounting to 600 and at
Easter about 300 I took no security be
yond their word Promptly every penny
was paid back When they return tha
money I never count It before them
Once when I requested a girl to count
the money I had given hsr before she
put it in her purse she blushed and
seemed much confused Her chaperon
explained that she felt much hurt that I
should think she had doubted my word
She could not understand our custom
which is unknown In Cuba
The wisdom of keeping the Cuban stu
dents in a community life while ap
proved by the authorities and observ
ing townsfolks is already questioned uy
the students themselves We have nine
hours class work said a student and
when we aro in our houses together we
talk nothing but Spanish I would liko
to see something of the home life of tha
Americans and have more opportunity
to converse in English
There are no Cuban male students In
the school as yet but two boys from
Porto Rico hold scholarships and are
pursuing the regular course
all signs fall sweet
hearts married couples and
the residents ot the National
Capital In general aro to be
stringently deprived of the pleasure of
taking affectionate partings In railway
stations so far as hugging and kissing
are concerned
A movement which was Inaugurated In
Jersoy City N J and which Is surely
and swiftly spreading to other large
cities of the country has for its ob
ject the complete discarding of all os
culatory demonstrations on the part of
passengers and their friends or rela
tives In railroad stations And Judg
ing from Innumerable signs the con
clusion must be drawn that before long
bussing will be prohibited in the do
pots ot the National Capital as well
as elsewhere
All trainmen gatemen and
ticket examiners will stop all
persons from exchanging kiss-
es upon the arrival and de-
parture of trains In this
tlon This order must bo rig-
idly enforced
The above sign la what started tho
trouble at the Pennsylvania railway
station In Jersey City N J
It was posted by P P A Abercromblc
Eastern superintendent of the Pennsyl
vania lines and all trainmen gatemen
and ticket examiners now keep a keen
lookout for 8mptoms of osculation
If an affectionate couple holding
hands nears a train a man watches vary
closely It there Is a twitching of the
muscles of the mouth that would In
dicate a puckering of the lips the watch
ful employe runs forward and parts the
people before the pent up bliss finds
If jou want to kiss you will please
step outside of the station Is the way
the Kirs detecter puts it wnen he pull3
tho osculators apart
The movo was started in order to
prevent delay of trains Officials com
plain that crowds gather at the trains
and block the way with their demon
strations of affection For instance a
young woman who is going away for tha
summer comes down to tho train with
about a dozen of her sweetest and dear
est young woman companions
They gather about her like hoes arounfl
a buckwheat patch and begin to say
good by Just before the conductor calls
Every one of the young women must
take a dab at her lips The conductor
dare not pull out without the fair pas
senger and the result Is that the train
leaves a second late and in these times
of fast trains a second Is a good deal to
Trainmen aver that women are tha
worst offenders in this line as tho men
usually do their bussing behind closed
doors or before they arrive at the sta
tion Lovers usually get their parting
osculatory demonstrations over befora
they get to the train and the farewell
there Is usually a very tame affair
Husbands and wives often Indulge In
little kissing matches but they mora
frequently do the Job up at home
But a crowd of women Insist on doing
the kls3 act up brown They begin by
saying good by about ten times each all
around They will valt until the very
last minute to get In the kisses nnd as
the train pulls out there will follow la
the wake a chorus of
He good to yourself
Be sure and write as soon as you get
Ill take good care of your bird while
you are gone
Bo sure and send me the pattern of
that new shirt waist
Good by good by good by good by
And all this takes up time It also
takes up space Trainmen are kept
waiting Luggage smashers are balked
in their efforts to get around And the
osculation although considered very fine
by those participating is looked upon
with misgivings by weak stomached In
dividuals looking on
The railway that will get popular at
once with the women and the young and
lovelorn couples will be the cue that
will set apart rooms in its stations for
kissing Tho rooms may bo in tho de
pots and en the door have signs read
Here the decorations might 1- In
keeping with the occupation The walls
could be papered with dying cunlds and
room fitted with cozy corners and other
darkening effests Ga3 turned low
might be provided to aid matters

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