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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, August 21, 1906, Image 1

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THE WEATHER Local rain Tue day and Wednesday light variable winds
VOL IX NO 200 PENSACOLA FLORIDA TUESDAY MORNING AUGUST 21 1906 PRICE CENTS I
i
t >
I BROW ARD = BEARD DEBATE ON
DRAINAGE OF EVEGLADES
I
EXECUTIVE ABLY
MAINTAINS HISf
POSITION f 1
I
Drainage of Overflowed Lands ofj
the State Simply a Business I
toProposition
Proposition
ONLY OPPOSED BY I
LAND GRABBERS
Bear Opposes Giving Great
Power to Board
BELIEVES CLAIMS OF RAILROADS
ARE GOOD AND THAT THEY
WILL EVENTUALLY GET THE
LAND BROWARD ANSWERS ALL
ARGUMENTS FULLY AND IN A
CONVINCING MANNER
A crowd variously estimated at from
loJO to 2000 greeted Govenor N B
Biwad and Hon John S Beard when
tcev appeared at Seville square last
rjtu to participate to the much talk
ed of debate on fcha Everglades drain
age qucilcn and listened with inter
est to fie argument presented by the
pnkers both of whom were eloquent
YYJ earnest in presenting their con
ucns The governor was the first
faker and consumed one hour in ar
gument He was followed by Mr
Bard who also consumed one hour in
fiaat Governor Broward closing
rth an address in reply to the con
ietrions cat Mr Beard that consumed
inr an hour The crowd sat patIent
F throughout and interest in the de
late was maintained to the last
The governor opened hw address
ly complimenting the people of Pm
s ola upon their evident progress and
rjHTitv and the quick recovery
rem the cndtions that obtain d h re
during tae fall of last year He then
act at the meat of bis subject
A Business Proposition
The preposition to drain the ever
glades said the governor was a bsisi
HC3S proposition in which every man
n tile sate was interested as it jas
for the good of all and as the servant
o t the people be desired to do as
ranch for them as possible he 1 aa
early to fight for drainage of theEfer
lnles to the last ditch and fight to
prevent the railroads from taking the
ands cf the people at he state
The governor referred at consiaer
able length to the orignal acts of qon
prc = s ranting the swamp and oyer
flowed lands to the state and to the
purposes for which such lands were
granted also to the acts of the las
latufa with reference to the lands in
question and to their grant to the tail
road companies of the state when ithe
roads were being constructed He be
pn at tho begInning going back to the
time irhin tutee state was first settled
anil carrying the history of the Ever
glades down to the present time He
admitted that the legislature had al
WHir granted millions of acres more
than the state had ever claimed but
expressed the opinion that the clam
of the railroads to the lands granted
iraS not good and that the title was
rt1I vested in the people of Florida
In support of this contention he read
a number of the original laws on the
SUbject all of which he claimed had
sever been repealed and were there
fore still in force
Fear Adverse Decision
The railroads and large land owners
claImed the governor were afraid to
let the suits they had brought reach
the supreme court of the state far
fear of an adverse decision and had
roa equently brought suits in differ
err ways all based upon practically
tbe same contentions but all for the
sole purpose of delaying the final set
tlemcnt of the question of ownership
Ii toe Everglade lands if the matter
Jas allowed to Tun along as it had in
the Past it would take 20 years of lit
Jpton to settle it on the other
fii the taxation of the land benefited
° > drainage at the rate of 5 cents per
1cp would furnish ample funds to
l osecute the work which would re
till in the greatest benefit not only to
the lands themselves and the owners
thereof but to ths whole state If the
phi In the courts continued said the
aiutfrnor it would still be possble to
tnl1e the work by draining one
jee of land and selling it then using
he mony realized by the sale for the
rJrpse of drainSjigsOther land wh ch
COl1d also be sold and so on He
ka d that he believed the railroads
ten
thfw well enough that they had no
le to the lands granted them and
a
tha
lt the courts had decided against
fle
tm on several occasions one decl
sicn bad oeng that of Judge Malone who
lflclded adversely to the East
fast railway
the Poor People Willing
those who owned
e r 5
1 +
L
a
GOV N B BROWARD
but small tracts of tend said Governor
Broward wanted the Everglades
drained as they realted the immenso i
benefits drainage would give them i
and these small land owners were per
fectly willing to pay ther proportion
of th3 expense of drainage It was
the holders of large tracts either le
gally or illegally who were fighting
the proposition
N SHow soon T cculd become pbpulau
with the mighty TlmesUnon owned
by FLagler how soon I could bscom
popular with the syndicate papers
along the East Coast if I would send
a telegram to Flakier to Mr Parrott
i or to other claimants pE the lands and
say The trustees are ready to deed
you the land meet us in Tallahassee
tomorrow morning The Times i
Union would come out in big black
head letters announcing that Broward
was the greatest governor that Florida
ever had and the little Metropolis
would say I knew It all the time
Powers of Board
Anticipating that ° Mr Beard would
take up the question of the powers
delegated to the board under the
terms of the proposed amendment to
the constitution Governor Broward
stated 1 that the powers were not too
great to attain the end ° s ughti If thw
people were to be protected in their i
rights it was necessary that power to
make them tote fair should be del i
egated to some body and the Trustees
of the Internal Improvement fund was
the proper body to which to delegate
such power The railroads were sim
ply trying to humbug the people by
scaring up bugaboos if the people
could be swindled out of their rights
by the railroads the latter were not
above swindling them
Governor Browasrd scouted the idea
advanced by several that the lands
11n the Everglades would burn if dram
I ed and branded this statement as an
other bugaboo to prevent the consum
mation of the drainage plan another
bugaboo was the statement that it
would cost 100 000000 to drain the
Everglades The opponents of the
plan might just as well have stated
that it would have cost a billion dol
lars to do the work sad the governor
as it would have been just as reason
able and might have been a bigger
bugaboo
In the course of his remarks the
governor produced a mass of facts and
figures to prove his contentions and
when his time was up gave way to
Mr Beard
BeardMr
Mr Beards Address
Mr Beard opened his address by
Continued on Page Four
The Drainage Amendment
to the State Constitution
That the following amendment toI
I
Article XVI of the Constitution of the
State of Florida be and it is hereby I
agreed to and shall be submitted to
the electors of the State at the gen
eral election to be held on the first
Tuesday after the first iMonday in No
vember A D 1906 for ralflcation or
rejection I
Section 32 The Governor the
Comptroller theState Treasurer the
Attorney General and the CommIs
sioner of Agriculture of Ihe State of I
Florida and their successors in office
are hereby constituted and designated
as a board of drainage commissioners
and are hereby authorized and em
powered to establish a system of
canals drains levees dikes and re
servoirs of such dimension and
depths as in the judgement of said
board of drainage commissioners is j
I
deemed advisable to drain and re
I claim the swamp and overflowed
lands within the State of Florida or
such parts or portions thereof as is
deemed best by said board of drain
age commissioners from time to time
and to provide for the irrigation of
the lands reclaimed and to maintain
such canals drains levees dikes and I
reservoirs in such manner as will be f
most advantageous to the territory so
drained the State of Florida its in
habitants and the commerce thereof i
Section 33 That the board of
drainage commissioners are hereby j
authorized and empowered to estab
lUsh I drainage districts and fix the
boundaries thereof in the State of
I
Florida That the board of drainage
commissioners be and it Is authorized
and empowered to prepare a list pr
lists of all the alluvial or swamp and I
overflowed taxable lands within such
drainage district or districts and
levy thereon an acreage tax not ex
ceeding ten cents per acre > per annum
to be fixed annually by said board of
r drainage commissioners and the va
I
I
THREE Y DEATHS
CAUSED BY
HEAT
In Louisville YesterdayChicago
I Reports Ten Cases of Heat
Prostrations
I Louisville Ky Aug 20Three
r deaths occurred here today caussd by
heat prostrations The maximum tem
perature reached ninetyfour degrees
Ten Prostrations In Chicago
Chicago Aug 20Ten cases from
heat prostrations are reported by the
politee as having occurred here today
Three Killed and Many Hurt In Wreck
Waupokoneta O Aug 20Three
are dead and a dozen badly injured
in a wreck on the Western Ohio Elec
t tric Railway tonight The car going
at full speed ran off the track at a
I curve j
rious tax assessors of the various
counties embraced in part or in whole
within such drainage district or dis
tricts shall receive such list or lists
and enter the same upon the tax rolls
of the county or counties in which
such lands may lie and the amount so
levied by the board of drainage com
missioners in such manner and form
as may be prescribed by the board of
drainage commissioner from time to
time which amounts wall be collect
ed by the various tax collectors of
the counties wherein such levees have
been made as other taxes are collect
ed in accordance with law and pay
over said amounts collected to the
board of drainage commissioners said
commissioners shall have a lien supe
rior to all other liens upon the taxa
ble lands in any such drainage dis
tricts to be enforced by tax levy for
the cost of any work done under the
provisions hereof or done prior to the
adoption of this amendment under the
provisons of an act of the Legislature
passed in 1905
Section 34 That the board of
drainage commissioners be and it is
authorized to exercise the right of
eminent domain in the condemnation
of land for the location of its canals
I drains levees dikes and reservoirs
ffor the purposes aforesaid and may
enter upon take and use such land as
it may pending condemnation pro
ceedings deem necessary for such
purposes and ascertaining the com
pensation to be paid for such land 01
rght of way benefits to be derived
from such drainage shall be copsider
ed by the jury
Section 35 The Legislature may
provide for the assessment of bene
fits derived by lands by reasons of
such drainage and the collection
thereof the proceeds therefrom shall
bo paid tothi board of drainage com
missioners to be used by them for
such drainage purposes
Approved May 27 1905
HJSWILMy fiUWI
PLEADS NOT
6UILTY
Paying Teller Who Embezzled
100000 in Jail fort he
First Time
Birmingham Ala Auig 20 Alexan
der R Chishohn recently paying tell
ei of the First National Bonk of this
city who confessed to embezzlement I
of one hundred thousand dollars of
the banks funds entered a plea of not I
guilty today in the preliminary trial
before OoTOmissoner Watts His
bond was reduced to twenty five thous
and dollars but failiing to make the I
same he went to jail for the first time
since arrest The cases of W L
Sims and O M Hays of the local com
misslon house cif Gilbert Claty were
also called and both bound over to
await the action of the federal grand
jUry
HON JOHN S BEARD
COlORED TROOPS
ORDERED TO
M VE
Soldiers at Ft Brown Who Created
Trouble Ordered to Ring
gold Tex °
By Associated Press
IWlashington Aug 20 Orders were
issued today by Military Secretary
Major General Mnworth for the
transfer of the colored troops from
Fort Brown Texas where there has
been serious trouble between tae citi
zens and oTHfers to iFbrt Rrln gold
Texas one hundred mttes above Fort
Brown on the Otto Grande river
The Twentysixth company of infan
try composed white troops has
been ordered to Fort Brojwn to take
the place of the colored troops
In the report Jtedor Penrcse says
that the killing of one citizen in
Brownsville and the wounding of an
other was the work of soldiers al
though he is unable as yet to discov
er who the guilty men are
t
DEATH YESTERDAY OF
MRS GILBERT D ISHAM
Mrs Gilbert D Isham formerly of
Heinesberg Vt but recently of Myi
tIe Grove died at her home there yes
terday at 600 p on after a lingering
illness
The funeral serves will be con
ducted this afternoon at 4 oclock at
the Palafox Methodist church and
the interment will be in St Johns
cemetery
The Municipal Court
I
Thirlyfour defendants were before
Recorder Laney in the municipal court
yesterday morn + pg for trial Of this
number one defendant was discharged
and sentences susspend upon five
others Fines amounting to 13250
were imposed
i
I
Ii
From The Tallahassee Sun GOVERNOR BROW RD HAS CONSIDERABLY THE BEST OF IT
r
r
Y
a I l
ANNOUNCED PURPOSE 7
I
Of WILLIAM J BRYA i 1 1
CRUSOE ISLAND
WIPED OUT BY
QUAKE
Juan Fernandez on Which Were
Fort and Penal Settlement
Destroyed
Twenty Thousand Homeless in
City of Valparaiso
NUMBER OF DEAD CANNOT BE
ACCURATELY ESTIMATED BUT
IS GREATPROPERTY LOSS ES
TIMATED AT TWO HUNDRED
AND FIFTY MILLIONS
By Associated Press
New York Aug 20A report re
ceived here today satys that the South
American earthquake destroyed the
island of Juan Fernandez off the
Ohilsani coast It belonged to Chile
and oa it were a penal settlement and
fort The island was made famous by
Daniel DefFY as the scene of the ad
ventures of Robinson Crulsoe
TWENTY THOUSAND
ARE WITHOUT SHELTER
Paris Aug Adispatch from Val
pariaso undated received today states
that twenty thousand of the Inhabi
tants of ValpaniaEo are without shel
ter that the number of dead cannot
be accurately estimated though very
great and that Villa Del Plana Is com
pletely destroyed and the property
loss ds estimated at two hundred and
fifty million dollars The dispatch
adds that the staff of a newS agency
fores had to flee from the city and It
is believed several members were
killed
DAMAGE TO COMMERCIAL
CENTER NOT GREAT
Santiago Chile Aug 20rrhe banks
at Valparaiso are safe and the dam
age to the commercial centre is not
serious but the populous quarter of
the city is completely wrecked
I
NO QUARANTINE i
I
BY MISSISSIPPI
NO NECESSITY FOR RESTRIC
TIONS ON ACCOUNT OF CASE
OF YELLOW FEVER AT
NEW IBERIA LA
I
By Associated Press
Jackson Miss Aug 20Dr J F
Hunter secretary of the Mississippi
state board of health said today thac
there was no necessity for the state
to quarantine against Louisiana on ac
count cf the single case of yellow
fever at New Iberia and furthermore
none will be instituted
TEXAS DECIDES NOT
TO PUT ON QUARANTINE
Austin Texas Aug 20Health Of
ficer Tabor notified the Southern Pa
cific officials today that if conductors
were Instructed not to pass anybody
from infected points into Texas that
he would not put on a general quar
antine against Louisiana He also no
tified the Louisiana board of health
that if every precaution was taken
Texas would not establish a state
quarantine
Reported Sunday
New Orleans Aug 20The follow
ing notice was sent out by President
C H Iron of the state board of
health Sunday afternoon
One case of yellow fever at New
Iberia 125 miles from New Orleans
Am leaving tonight to take personal
charge of situation
The patient is a mulatto boy t J2
years old living In an isolated part of
town The case was reported as sus
picious late Friday night and Satur
day morning Dr Charles Chessagnac
I
and Dr Pearchinard went to New Ibe
ria They finally agreed his morning
that it was a positive case There is
so far nothing to show how the in
fecton originated
Dr Brady will be specially detailed
to trace the Infection and no efforts
will be spared to stamp it out
While no quarantine has been da
dared by Dr Ifion against New Ibe
ra he has Instructed the Southern
Pacific railroad not to sell any tickets
out of the town so that trains simply
stop there for water If after Investi
gating the situation he finds that there
is no Infection In the town this re
striction will be removed
Y J tti h
a 0 J
To Take Small Part in This veart U
FM
Campaign a Severe Dis fl
appointment I f
POLICY APPROVED
By Those Who Look Forward to
Big Stake of 1908
AS NOMINATION FOR PRESIDENCY
IS PRACTICALLY ASSURED IT
IS UNNECESSARY FOR MR
BRYAN TO DO ANYTHING TO
PUSH HIS BOOM ALONG
Special to The Journal
Washington Aug 20The an
nounced purpose of Mr Bryan to taka
as small a part as may be possible la
this years campaign Ife a severe dis
appointment to Chiirnvau Griggs ami JII
tna embers of the Doaioeatc con
gressional campaign cnnirittt They
had hoped Mr Bryan would make
speeches in practically every close
district and were counting largely on j
I his popularity to enthuse the Demo
cratic rank and file J
I Mr Bryans policy has the approval i
however of those of his friends who i
are looking beyond this year s con i
test 70 the larger stake of 90S The
Bryan boom has grovn to Its present
I proportions with Mr Bryan 111 tho
other side of the wold Things have
been progressing very nicely so
nxciy indeed that men likely Bailey I
of Texas who have never ben friend a
ly to the Ndbraskan concede his non f
Mnatort two years hea > What good
CpuriNse is to be served therefore by I
t Mr Aryans return I
and participation
in the campagn If his nomination M
be already assured it is not necessary
that Mr Bryan should do anything to
push the boom along And with him
here making daily speeches thero
would always be present the possi
bility of some untoward occurrence 4t
that wouM give the boom a setback
I And so there was relief and satis
faction when the word came that af
ter a few weeks i n America Mr Bryan
would again set sal for a long voyage
to Australia No arrangement oC
things could have been better After
a long absence during which his pop
ularity has had had tremendous l
growth Mr Bryan returns receives
the plaudits of his devoted folJowerf i +
makes graceful acknowledgement and
sails away again giving to absence a
second opportunity to make the Dem
ocratic heart grow fonder Thus both
to Mr Bryan amd the Democracy are Y
spared the petty annoyances of daily
contact the criticisms that come of
close scrutiny and the depreciation u
that every man no matter how great
the is must suffer when tho people
tare in constant hearing of his voice
tis a trite saying but a true on f
that familiarity ds contempt And
by other aspirants for presidential 2
honors Mr Bryan is envied as a
lucky man Were the circumstances
proP tiOUI3 more of them no doubt
would go abroad Maybe Mr Bryans
success will make it the fashion for
presidential seekers to go navelling
in order that the people may regard
therm through the tekscope rather
than the nicrcscope
It is known of course that Mr t
Bryon will make a few speeches dur
ing his brief sojourn at home and It h
is expected those speeches will bo tho
Democratic slogans in this years
campaign There Is naturally keen
anxiety therefore as to what issues
Mr Bryan will make paramount It
Is the hope of most Eastern Demo t
crats that he will come out strong for
revision of the tariff and put the soft
pedal on other policies for which tho
Nebraskan is known personally to
stand
Especially anxious are the Eastern
conservatives as to what be moy
say on the subject of government
ownership of railroads That Mr
Bryan personally in favor of this
policy is well known but there Is hope
that he may not press it at this time
Between the attitude of Mr Bryan on A
this qutston and the Democratic
struggle in Sew York there is inti
mate relation If Mr Bryan comes 10
out strong for government ownership
there will be nothmg logically left in
New York but the nomination of Mr
Hearst Should Mr Bryan make
tariff revision paramonnt It would
largely take the wind out of the
Hearst sails because tariff revision
has had no conspicuous place in the
Hearst preachment On the other
hand the remarkable growth of Mr
Hearsts gubernatorial boom g
as he does on a government owner
ship platform may convince Mr
iBryan that the time is ripe to declare
that policy as a cardinal Democratic
doctrine
YAQUI INDIANS 1
WAYLAY MEXICANS r
Sonora Mexico Aug 20Four Mex
ican miners were waylaid several
miles from here today by Yaqui In
dians One miner was killed but the
others escaped The Indians have
taken refuge in trenches and tec
are awaited to attack them
jj
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