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The Pensacola journal. (Pensacola, Fla.) 1898-1985, May 31, 1908, Section 2, Image 13

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c E Pleas Makes Successful
Experiment With the
Kudzu Vine i
1 The following is byMr C E Pleas
of Chipley Fla
The question of permanent pasture
is 41 most Important one to the south
ern farmer for to successfully raise
stock he must have permanent pas
ture of good quality something bet
ter than the native wiregrass carpet
grass or nerimoida grass These are ali
i > desirable in the absence of anything
better but all combined fall short of
keeping stock in perfect condition
throughout the summer and fall even
when stock have free access to an un
limited area
The time is not far off when the
farmer can no longer depend on tho
j public range and even now it pays
t to grow most forage in the field We
t have for winter pasture oats rye etc
Then there are the native grasses for
a while in the spring and the velvet
ibean for a while in the fall but
c there is a gap between that can only
be filled by frequent planting and cul
tivation1 of various annuals more or
leis unsatisfactory
The forage plant that will tide the
farmer and stock raiser over the
long trot dry summer as well as the
rainy season will fill a longfelt want
An deal Pasture Plant
After several years experience with
the Kudztr vine pueria thunDerglana
I find it a most admirable forage for
this purpose What Is more it la
perennial it is one of the first things
to start In the spring and stays > by
us until after killing froSts
It is ready to pasture here In West
Florida latitude 31 degr va by April
1 or even earlier haring the ground
thoroughly covered with now growth
by that time and if desired for hay
can he cut May 1 making as much
growth by Maiy as the velvet bean
makes in an entire season It comes
again quicltlj after cutting and dn two
weeks timo has the ground almost
obscured It is more easily cured I
than the velvet beau which It greatly
resemiblos in appearance and manncr
o of growth But Itonly iteeds iorbet
llanted once and cultivated the first
S Rson taking care of itself after that
and all the owner needs to do is to
keep It cut if wanted for hay or to
turn tho stook from one lot to another
in pasturing Wihen divided into
three or four Jots and pasturing in suc
cession mere stock can ibe supported
en a given area than by allowing
them Cull range
History of the Kudzu
Kudzu is a native of Japan and its
history in the United States dates
back to the centennial at Philadelphia
In 76 when dt was brought over Tjy
the Japs to ehaJo their buildings a t
the exposition 1t serves man put
jvevses in Japan being used as an or
Jiamental vine as well as a forage A
fine quality of starch and also fiber
arc made from its pulp There it is
Jilanted on rocky hillsides and waste
places and land that would be other
wtee practically useless as thus made
lo yield good returns It has been
pointed out that most all the fruits
towers and other botanical introduc
tions from Japan have prove deslr
jible acquisitions ito lAmerican agricul
fThc Kudzu vine It no exception an d
T Relieve isdestined to soon become
the ghost important plant introduced
In the south since the advent of cot
Ion Wlhlle it ihas boon grown In the
JUnlted States for over thirty years
25 an ornamental vine it remained
lor me to discover its greatest possi
bilities as a forage plant for the
south I bad secured a few seew from
Japan to try it as a shade for our
l < mTniQihmiscs on tjhci front lawn
fThe first year it made only R few feet
R of growth but the second year it sent
v out immense long trailingvines all
over the grass and after tho lawn
mower had passed over it Urn largo
dead leaves looked so bad we decided
ito got rid of it
Discovered by Chance
The next spring 1904 I grubbed
t them all out and was going to throw
them on the brush pile but my wife
proposed planting them around it to
sec if they would not cover it and
r 3iide it from view as It was necessary
to receive trimmings from the trees
roses etc about the grounds So
three plants Were set around it and
by the fall of 1905 they had covered
a space of about 50x50 feet all that
Js available between our garden barn
drionnd neighbors pasture lot to a
E I d pth of 2 12 to 1 feet
it was not until tho vines began
creepingthrough the bars to the Horse
j hed and the fence on the neighbors
tslde that I suspected its value as
stock feed My horse simply sot
down on his knees reached under and
i nipped every leaf that carne within
two feet of the bars while the neigh
bors horses when turned into that
adjoining Jot would make for the
Kudzu vines the first thing and never
tleave until the Jast leaf in reach was
I eaten
I Rich in Nutrition
1 began to investigate J cut some
of it for ihny and found it cured much
quicker than the velvet bean or cow
ilea hay and subsequent experience
nas proved it retains its bright green
i color even after exposure to the light
and air for a year and I have never
smelled sweeter b ay
1 sent a small halo of the hay to
In commissioner of agriculture at I
= i
Tallahassee for examination and here
is what tie state chemist Captain R
E Rose says about it in part
Dar SirI enclose result of analy
sis of Japanese Kudzu vine hay It
compares favorably with cowpea and
velvet bean hay Your sample was
particularly wen cured and put up
Find the analysis of < he sample is
above the average farm cured hay
Protein Sugar Fibre Fat
Cowpea 160 4220 301 22
Velvet Bean 117 1190 207 170
Begsarweed2aT7 SOJJt 217 230
Kudzu 1650 S2S1 4009 168
The analysis shows a little hotter I
than cowpeas or velvet bean but not
quite so good as the beggarwecd I
Yours etc
Nature and Growth Etc
Thus it will + be seen that the Kudzu
is second in point of feed value and I
then we consider its many other good i
qualities it stands easily at the head
of the list I
As stated before it is perennial and
closely resembles the velvet bean tbe >
lunging to the same great order of j
plants Leguminosa but one planting I
and cultivating the first season serves
for a lifetime if desire I
Stock do not seriously injure the
vines try trampling on thorn as with I
the velvet bean an1 even if they dc
the vines having rooted where touch
ing he ground quickly put out new
growth It docs not have to be cut I
at any certain time as with most for
ge but the earlier it is cut and the j
oftenr the more hay it will produce
It seems best adapted as a pasture j
however as one would experience the <
same trouble in harvesting as with I
the velvet bean Yet I have out SCTOO j
heavy crops cf the beans very suej
cessfuHy with both one and two horse
mowers and while J have not grown
the Kudzu to the extent of cutting I
with a mower I see no reason why it
Should not bo as easily cut and har i
vested if not left until the vines gel
old and woody and rooted to the
Other Uses
It Jhas been suggested 1 > y high au
thority that this vine might prove of
inestimable value in reclaiming the
vcrnout fields of the south as well as
reventing washes on the clay hill I
sides as its roots penetrate the soil
to a great depth in all directions and
the vines taking root at the joints
are enabled to catch the drift on top
and hold tho soil beneath
If one is to judge its powers as a
soil renovator or nitrogen gatherer
from the number of liatterla nodules
that form on rootlets at certain stages
of their growth I have never seen its
equal The portion of a root shown in
the accompanying cut ibme250 no
dules bey actual count and is tout an I
average speoinven while I had on ex J
hibition at Tampa and Jacksonville
this last winter specimens Showing
upwards of two thousand of these no
dules to the tplant no larger than the
one here shown
Propagation and Planting
The Kudzu produces iiHmerous clus
ters of deliciously fragrant blossoms
at brilliant purple munch in the same
manner as the wistaria but so far as
knownit never seeds in America and
is propagated fry means of the rooted I
joints sit six to ten feet apart and
kept cultivated till the vines reach
out and prevent it
Just how far north it will succeeds
as it does here in Florida remains
to be tested though it is hardy as far
ui as Xovia Scotia Here it merely I
sheds its leaves in cold weather the i
n > aturgd vines living over
The Kudzu seems to bo adapted to I
any soil rich or poor wet or dry I j
though the richer the land the better I
it will succeed When I bought my
lams eleven years ago it would not I
make over five bushels of corn per
acre it was so worn out and run
down toeing one of the oldest pieces
in cultivation here Since I got it it
has not enough fertilizer all told en
the part wihcre the vine is located I
to make one generous application
and yet the Kudzu appears to be on
rich land and I cut thirty pounds of
dry hay from space 15x15 feet last
July and in two weeks after it was
nearly knee deep again Vines from
a nature have
plant made the enorm
ous growth of 28 feet in two weeks
time with half a dozen side branches
some of them 12 feet long and yet
that land has
never been broken or I
cultivated in any way since years > r
rOom the three plants were stuck oat I I
and allowed
fight their way amoi
needs and ibriars I
Bales of the hay aiHl specimen root I
and vines were on exhibition at the
GnU Coast and o Florida State fairs the
last two nears as well as at the j
Jamestown and Jacksonville expcU I
tiona and did not fail to create wide
spread interest wherever shown
I find that plants can he set cut al
most any time of the year I put out
an acre in the winter my only avai
able space as I am in town a <
n any of the plants had vines 10 fe t
k > nc April 1 thou lh I expect it to H
tike them another year ts get estab
1 j
I have been asked br many if r t
can begot rid of and 4f it doc = IIt
become a i > O3t To this I answer
plant it where it can stay and you I
will never want to get rid cf it so
long as there is a good market for t
stock A small patch plowed under I
lust fall has cnly ishown
one or two
plants this season I
is a pretty hard thing to accomplish
when youro blue bilious and out of
sorts There is a sure cure for n1
kinds of stoma h
and liver com
plaintsconstipation and dyspepsia
Ballards Herbine is mild yet abso
lutely effective in all cases 1rice 50
cents per bottle I
Sold and recommended by W A
DAlemberte druggist and apothecary
121 South Palafox street Fensacola
Ar lot of old newspapers
tied up in neat bundles for
sale 5c a bundle at The Jour
nal office
I an absolute cure for each III
Call on
Mrs F L Bowen 412 W Garden
St Phone E54
lj n f f
Why Because we are constantly offering
price inducements on highclass merchandise
unequalled except in large cities
First We buy 85 per cent of all our merchandise direct
from the manufacturers thus saving the middle mans profit
to you
L Second Our buyers in every department are experienced
wideawake thoroughly posted men and women keen to take
advantage 5f every opportunity to buy their lines more ad
Third Because we believe in the modern maxim of
Quick Sales and Small Profits
E Domestic Pongees 35c quality for 27c These goods I
have that rich luster of real silk are exceptionally cool and
especially adapted for warm weather costumes
Side Band and Bordered Batiste this seasons latest nov
elties in a beautiful range of patterns 15c
i One lot German Linen Table Damask bleached and
cream 60 and 65c qualities for 49c
Ladies White Duck Skirts trimmed self folds 98c 1p
Extra SpecialOne lot slightly soiled Wash Skirts at
half price
at greatly reduced prices See Saturdays papsrs
Wednesday and Thursday
in our Shoe Department 1
we will put on a big sale of Ladies t Misses and Childrens
White Canvas Oxfords Pumps and Ties Watch the daily
papers for sensational prices on these goods
Friday and Saturday
We will offer you some especially attractive prices on
r Mens and Boys Low Shoes
Read our advertisements It means money to you
W jfTL I kJVyllj 1 jtllViVlvlV IJL iJLJUOl
Phones 193 and 422 33 and 35 S Palafox
11t = = = = = = = S
= = = = = = = = 3 = = = = = = = > = = = = =
Speclat to The Journal
New York May 30 Among the im
portant news events scheduled for
the coming week are the follow
Coiimoneement week exercises at
United Suites Naval Academy will be
gin at Annapolis
Annual session of Nival War Col
lege conference begins at Newport
It L
Employment lay will be observed
in St Louis by order of National
Pros ority Association
ii General ute election will be held
in Ot < gong when a single tux incas
mr hill lie ppssod on and local option
e lt coon held in ea htcen counties
Thousimls of physicians will gain
er m Chicago for fiftyninth annual
meeting of American Medical Asso
RrotTienhood of TloMermnkens and
Iron Ship nidrs meet in St Paul
Animal rose festival and civic jubi
lee hpidns in Portland Ore and wui
continue through the week
City of Kingston X Y will cele
brate the USOth anniversay of its
Ilegular nmiunl conference of Na
I tion Florence Crittonton ilission be
I gins in Detroit
Oharlomaago Tower wiH be suc
N I ceeded as American ambassador at
> Perliu by Dr David J Hill
I Mexican Exhibition is scheduled to
open in Crystal Palace London
a Tuesday
Repirbliean National Committee
will convene in Chicago to consider
I contorts for seats
Mrs William H Taft And
Mrs William J Bryan
Both Will Look Except
r ionally Well in Such a
Setting as the White
House at Washington
Special to The Journal
a Washington IIay 30Vliii tne
presidential choice apparently narrow
ed down to Taft and Bryan women or
Washington social set are busily
sagging their tongues an discussion of
the interesting subject as to who will
lie thc successor of Mrs Roosevelt as
i the first lady of the land AYbile
I Airs Tsift is naturally better known in
It ahington society than the wife of I
t the Nebraskan and is a great la I
vorato here the latter has many
friends and boomers among the wo
men of the national capital In thIs
favoritism there is very little of poli
tics the adherents of both Mrs Taft
and Mrs Bryan basing their argu
t ment on social grounds
To the unprejudiced observer there
is little to choose between these two
candidates for the position as mis
tress of the White House Both arc
charming cultured and democratic
women fully competent to play the
difficult part of White House hostess
While Mrs Taft has had a wider ex
perience < in social affairs than Mrs
Bryan the natural tact or the latter
is such as to make ther equal to any
4 CtlTt dull
If fate should hit upon William H
Taft as the nations choice for pre ol
dent the White House would have ihe
i jolliest sort of a chatelaine Mrs
Taft can laugh as readily as her hus
hand if not so lefhdly She sees fun
I ii evoivtihiufir and has a isimnincss of
disposition which helps a lot In her
career in AVashinarfous cosmopolite
environs She is cut acre plisiied
I iiiusirian not a piano player of the
t minarv type hut a student who has
I lfovotf boms to the mastery or
j technique and months to the labor or
i biographical leading and the study of
II the history and theory of the art She
a ctrries with her a trophy presented
to her by the musicians and music lov
I ers of Cincinnati in recognition of her
Isinterested work an the promotion
of music and music study In that
i cityXext
Xext ito Mrs James A Garfield
Mrs Taft is the youngest lady of the
I Cabinet She loses no opportunity to
I rid by means of many social graces
which have been given her the aspIra
I tions of her distiguished husband
Mrs Taft is a lieliever in higher edu
cation for women and her eldest
laughter is a student at Bryn Mawr
Mrs Taft takes great delight and
pride in the progress of her children
and is always ready to give them the I
assistance of which she is fully
capable I
She is past master in the gentle art
of the little supper anti that she
I can meet all comers with a ready
grace was demonstrated last summer
on the occasion of Secretary Tales
I reception to the officers of the visiting
fleet of foreign warships at Hampton
j Roads China Italy Japan Franco
rnd Germany had representatives
among 1he sailornven Italys tine
cot his cousin the duke of Abruzzl
Japan sent her war heroes anu The
personnel of every embassy and lega
tion in the city congregated with resi
dent and official society 3n the great
ballroom at the head of which stood
I Mrs Taft looking girlish in her radi
ancy as the gave a word of greeting
to each vilest
Mrs Tafts receptions are among
the most popular in Washington She
is a graceful easy mannered hostess
as well as a charming woman in
every way Much travel In which she
delights has supplied her with a fiud
of anecdote which is never exhausted
and upon which she draws reels as a
neang of entertainment She is also
devoted to reading and is altogether
a very intellectual woman Mrs TaU
ip perhaps less interested in the ac
tual domestic part of < her home than
some of the other ladies who are her
rivals for the occupancy of + ithe White t
A c
Cotton crop report elf the bureau of
statistics department of agriculture
will be made public at noon
Independent Oivlor of Good Temp
lars international lodge convenes in
International Convention of Chiefs
of Police opens in IVtroit
National Wholesale Grocers Asso
eiation convenes in Atlantic City N
Centennial anniversary of birth of
Jefferson Davis will be celebrated by
Confederate veterans throughout the
Second parade of Pennsylvania
Work Ilonsc Association will tal o
place in PhiI delpiliKi
Pr < jterian Church In Canada
meets in general assembly at Winni
peg Mian
Prinnaries io select delegates to inn
Democratic national convention and
to nominate state officers an1 a candi
date for United States senate will be
held in Georgia
Association of ployed Officers of
the Young Mens Christian Associa
tions of Xorth America will meet in
Atlantic City X 1
King Edward will start for Russia
on the royal yacht and will meet the
cZcir in the Baltic
National convention of the Young
Womens Ghri tian Association will
open in Ashville CC C
Power boat race from North Caro
lina to Bermuda a distance of 650
miles will start from New York
Two Women One of Whom is
I to be First Lady of Land
House In social graces she excels
however and is cordial and earre t
in her manner to a degree which
makes her very popular
Mrs Bryan
Should the finger of destiny point
out William Jennings Bryan as tho
next occupant of tie White House
the home of the presidents wool
open jots doors to a woman no less pic
turesque than her husband Mrs Bry
an has stood side by side with Mr
Bryan In both of his campaigns She
has toured the country with him has
helped him by word and deed She
has studied economics history financo
and kept uj with the trend of cur
rent affairs of the larger caliber Silo
I is one woman who can intelligently
discuss politics and no less intelligent
ly conduct her home She Is an ex
pert typist and has a ready wit sup
plemented by a cordial gentle manner
and a sympathetic voice As first lady
of the land she would strike a now
note and one rather difficult for so
cetv as it comes and goes to key
itself up to
mrs Bryan is a woman or rare ac
complishments but simple tastes Elu
cued in Monticello Seminary and the
Presbyterian Seminary at Jackson
ville Ill she was not satisfied with
the knowledge thus acquired and took
A postgraduate course It was while
taking tliis course at Jacksonville that
sho met her future husbanl They
became engaged but were not mar
ried until four years later During
this interval she took up tote study ot
ltw and was admitted to the bar of II
lionortS This knowledge of law has
proved of great assistance both to
her find to Mr Bryan Mrs Bryan
was the daughter of John Baird and
Tauni Dexter Third the latter tho
daughter of Colonel Darius Dexter of
Doxterville N Y She was born In
Perry 111 iMr an 1 Mrs Bnyan liv
ed for three yeniv at Jacksonville be
fore moving to Lincoln Neil
Mrs Bryan is a student and re
cently took a special course In litera
ture and languages nt the University
of Nebraska She luis also recently
studied German Her liberal educa
tion PnahlpK her to eve great asci st
ance to her cIiK + lrpn in their nchool
and college Irk
Essentially a hme lovlg woman
Mrs Bryan is a memher of tout two
local dubs in Lincoln She is fond
fher flowers and one of hr fads
is the raising of Chickens She la
a fo fond of
sport and plays an ex
cellent game of tennis or golf and can
ride or drive An exercise of which
she is very fond is swimming Tier
saddle horse is a fine Arabian mare
The home life of the Bryans is stannic
and unassuming During the construc
tion of their new house at Fairview
they lived for sevc ral months In a
ilding constructed as a stable
While thanking my friends for
their liberal and cordial support in
tho first primary I now request ono
and all to be equally as liberal in
their support on June 16th next at
the second primary
Lacking only a few votes of having
a clear majority over both of my
opponents at the first I feel assurer
of a majority at the second primary
that will be large enough to be con
With my friends on the alert from
now until the close of the polls on
Tune Ifith there will ho no doubt
about tho result
County Superintendent of PuSilic In
Real Estate Transfers
Transfers recorded yesterday as furnished
The following is a list of the Real Estate
by the Pensacola Abstract Co
James England to Jno N Day 1
and other good and valuable consld
eraticms lot 10 In Mock 131 New
City tract
J W Bullock Jr to JB Baars
1 and other valuable considerations
south 35 feet of east 135 feet of ar
gent lot 84 and north 5 feet of east
13U feet or arpent lot 83 old City
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