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FAIR AND WARMER SATURDAY! SUNDAY, FAIR; LIGHT NORTH' WEST WINDS. ' 10 PAGES TO-DAY. : Mardi Gras at Pensacola February 26-27-28. VOL. XIV. NO. 48. PENSACOLA; FLORIDA.; SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 25, 1911. PRICE, 5 CENTS, f Sfe - f t r , V- V 8 1 E UEATI1 1ELL OF RECIPROCITY Cannot Be Put Through House Body in the Few Remaining Days. IT IS REPORTED BY THE FINANCE COMMITTEE WITHOUT RECOM M END ATION WILL HAVE TO BE RESURRECTED IN EXTRA BBS iSION SUTHERLAND AMEND MENT TO DIRECT ELECTION BILL IS ADOPTED. r-y - By Amdttod son ' Washington, Feb. 24. Opponents of th$ Canadian reciprocity agreement at tempted to put a quietus on legislation on the subject when the MoCaU bill to carry out Its provisions was fate today . i repwrted by - the ..finance committee ; without a recommendation. So Car as the present session Is concerned they took a . Ions; step toward : the accom plishment .of , the purpose. Brief r , speeches in favor of and against early ! action were made. 5 . , The speeches against the blU were generally accepted as its death knett until its resurrection comes at the ex tra session as only a few days remain fSoput it trough a hostile body. Hale r declared the committee yielded to pub ' : lie clamor and had reported it against ' the real sentiment of the majority. - He ' ; served notice that the bill must go on MS. the calendar and take its. course.. ; $BaUey. declared that the opposition evnresaed br the ODlnion of agricul turists served its defeat. The bill !a now on. the calendar, subject to .consid eration when the senate decides to ' take it up. . SUTHERLAND AMENDMENT TO ELECTION. BILL ADOPTED By Aateclated Press. .. Washington, Feb. 24. Late today the senate voted . the Sutherland amend ment Jnto the resolution providing 'or th election of senators by a" direct .... Vote and fixing next Tuesday ' as .the - time to vote W the . resolution itself ; ma.Lthe ease involving Lortmer's set iim. ri tahsd , business, and received th m Canadian "reciprocity bill ' from- the ' fl-ir.nv-e corr;:nlttee. As soon as'Bev . -lerktice' concluded his speech " in ; ppo- Vrt110" " Lorlmef. Hale was heard first " in a general demand ' for recognition and caked that unfinished business be laid before the senate. , . Tis was the resolution providing for a rotuititutlonal . amendment for the . elf. ct Ion or senators by a popular vote. It'rr.et with the approval of the chalir t and was. taken up. The vice-president din-eted- a-roll call and the amendment t of fsu'taarland eliminating, a part, of the ' amendment taking from congress th right to supervise senatorial elections. " The vote In favor of the amendment was BO to . 37. The only' Democratltf vote In favor of the amendment was that of Clarke of Arkansas. Bacon, of . Georgia, declared his opposition to this resolution .as amended and while h favored the measure as reported from the committee, he said it is now lm- - possible for him to vote for.it and he gave notice that at 2 o'clock . Monday, he would address the senate : in ex planation of his position. It is under stood the adoption of the amendment ' means the alienation of, votes of a number. "of. southern Democrats. m . ' ! ' J 1 A CITY WIPED OUT. . -Port au Prince, Hayti,-Feb. 24. The city 'of Aux Cayes has almost been de stroyed by fire. The flames broke out yerterday and spread rapidly through "ut the place. The monetary loss is - tr--v and considerable suffering wj?s ' caused, i The fire burned - all nlgh. A t Cayes has a population of about 23,000. BANDIT IS COMMITTED. Gainesville, Ga, . Feb. 24. George t Anderson, alleged leader of the band which on Saturday morning held-up Southern passenger train No 36 near here, was committed to jail here this morning by Judge Sims in default of $10,000 bait , Charles Hunter ? and James Hanford, other bandits Awho have confessed their part in the rob . bery, waived the preliminary examina tion. Railway officials have wired the authorities at Ball Ground, Ga to re lease two men held there as sus pects. ; rimer's Friends Vote Before By Associated Prett. ' t Washington, : Feb. 24. Determina tion to get a vote before adjournment waa expressed today by the friends TV O.C XT Jk , f Senal kand in begi f Senator Lorimer, who were - on force in the senate chamber at beginning of the session. They made no declaration as to the procedure they would adopt, but they did confess a determination to press for a "show down." The whole matter was in the hands of Senator Burrows. To his friends he said frankly, that there would be a vote before adjournment of ; today's session. This, he said, means all and everything that may be necessary to RAT F CAT OFJ OF JAP TREATY BY THE SEDATE Japan Agrees, to Limit the Exodus of Laborers to This Country. WHILE THIS IS NOTl A PART OF THE TREATY IT . IS IN THE SHAPE OF A LETTER ATTACHED FROM THE JAPANESE AMBAS SADOR WESTERN 'SENATORS INTERPOSED; NO OBJECTION, BUT ARE APPREHENSIVE. By Aeaoolated Press. Washington, Feb. 24. The Japanese treaty was ratified tonight after , a two hour executive session of the senate. The western senators interposed no ob jection, and ..-iwhile ; the . apprehension that the treaty would : let down the bars to coolie labor was not removed, they contented themselves " with ex pressing solicitude. The action in promptly confirming - the new agree ment is expected to do more than any thing in years to prove the feeling of cordiality this country has for Japan. The effect will permit . Japan to or ganise- immediately a fiscal system; and to. make new tariffs with all nations. J Japan's determination and prepared ness to continue -effective control and limitation over Immigration from, its territory in the orient to the United States, while not a formal part, of the pending treaty of trad and commerce. Is dearly set forth in correspondence attached to the document-1 ; ' - The treaty consists of eighteen for mal articles, ' - " to ; Japan's . agreement . to limit the to Japana agreement . to limit the exodua 'of coolie labor to this country is In the shape of a letter from the j Japanese ambassador who asserts he j lias the honor, to declare that the tm- J perlal Japanese government are fully prepared to maintain, - with . equal ef fectiveness, the limitation and control which , they have for the'1 past three years exercised - hi tho regulation -of lromigrattaa of laborers to the Unlttrd States.",',;- , , , ' -'V. r WITNESS REFUSED TO . ' J 3 ' - ' t TE8T1FY BEFORE COURT . By Associated Preaa. :t" .v "Washiiigtoh, Feb. 241 Although a good witness before' the' grand: "Jury, Charles Carew, ,ag0- 8, became, fright' etied in court here yesterday . and re fused to testify. ' , As a result Julian Bclair, charged with . robbing, a , rail road tioket office, was acquitted on binding instructions , from the, court. The boy called ' to . the witness stand as the chief witness for the prosecu tion pulled his cap down over his eyas. The" court and district, attorney did a'M in their power to Induce him ' to talk. but without result. j. BESURRETJDERED HAGUE COURT OF ARBITRATION DECIDES THAT GREAT BRITAIN SHOULD NOT SURRENDER; LAW STUDENT TO FRANCE. By Associated Press. The Hague, Feb. 24. The permanent court of arbitration today decided Great Britain is not bound to.1 sur render Vina yak Damodar Savarkar, the Indian law student, to the French government. ' .. " ' . The man escaped to French ' soil when the vessel on which he was -being returned to India for - trial . fol lowing his arrest in London, stopped at Marseilles. ' He was arrested by the police and turned over to the British detectives.' , . ; The matter of the rights of asylum for a political refugee was raised and the question of whether the prisoner should be returned to the French gov ernment was submitted to The Hague tribunaL J Will Force a Senate Adjourns obtain a vote. "We have but one pur pose, and that is to gat a vote dur ing this legislative .day." .Burrows had behind him a majority of the "stalwart" wings of both sides of the chamber. Some cf the opponents of Senator Lorimer were inclined to fall in with the proposition to vote. Others advo cated obstruction with a view to forc ing the case over to the next con gress. . . ... : The two forces were valiantly - lined up against ' each other when the ses sion began, but the chances .were slightly more favorable to Lortmer's friends than to his enemies. . SAVARKAR il political: doctors diagnose littleton's u. s. senate boom J r riyjX - j ' , rf - S W x ss,.,, "; ri ' I "'tew t.. esjfsS M -: is M., Jf. ' " ' w ' ; ' ; : .sf .... New York, - Feb. 24. The - political experts are busy - estimating what chance .Congressman Elect Martin' wi Littleton has of going to' the United States , senate to succeed Chauncey. M. Depew. " Littleton's "formal ; announce ment that he was a 'candidate aroused a great deal of comment, for he. has a great many friends in . the legislature. The sjenersi opinion ir that Charles F. Murphy, leader of Tammanjr. HalU pr?. fers "a ? New lY6rk'4 city man, : whether he can elect William F.; Sheehan or hot. Littleton lives on Long' Island. ONE CARRIED 550,000 CUBIC YARDS OF LOOSE 'EARTH INTO THE CUT, ' COVERING AN v ENTIRE TRAIN OF COAL CARS. ( By; Associated Press. Washington, Feb. 24.- Slides of earth from the banks'iof the Culebra cut on the Panama canal are continuing. .The sUde which occurred ; February. 9 op posite the T. M. C. i A. club house at Culebra carried 50,000 cubic yards of loose earth .into, the cut, covering-'.a steam shovel, a coal train, with , its locomotive and two trains of ' earth damping cars. - t -.;.. - ;; - The Canal Record states however that all slides, since last July, do not exceed the total of 6,104,000 cubic yards allowed for in the revised, estimates nor,, will the added excavation increase the estimate of cost of excavation; in the central division made in ' October; 1903. - - GOVERNMENT REFUSED TO AL LOW THEM TO ENTER, PUTTING THEM IN THE CLASS Of UNDE SIRABLE ciTIZENS. ' By Associated Press. Winnipeg, Feb. ' 24. The dominion government today decided to stop Im migration of negroes from the United States and stopped . a ', party that in tended to go to western Canada at ttv boundary. They are regarded as unde sirable citizens. " ACTION IS IN LINE WITH GENERAL JOLICY OF CANADA By Associated Press. Ottawa, Ont, " Feb. 24. The " exclu slon of negro immigrants at Winnipeflt. is in line with the general policy to encourage white immigration and keep out the . yellow and black, races. The law was not changed to exclude ne groes but the officials ' are strictly in terpreting the provisions of the act forbidding the admission of person un likely to make desirable citizens. MORE SLIDES 1F1 CULEBRA CUT Sral TTnloss" Murphy ' changes ' his mind, therefore, Littleton's chances will be din;, as the -Tammany chieftain con trols a large majority of the Demo cratic votes, v Littleton Is one of the best known trial lawyers in the east. He -la-, a .Tennesseean and. began life in the most humble way as a section hand on a railroad. He was elected to congress last year -on the Democratic ticket from the, strong Republican dis President , Roosevelt resides. He de feated . Roosevelt's ' personal , friend. Congressman, Cocks. RiCOiUCTOR W. W. .THOMPSON, OF GEORGIA RAILWAY, DIES AS RESULT OF WOUNDS RECEIVED IN PISTOL DUEL. By Associated Press. ; Augusta, Ga; Feb. : 24. As the re sult of wounds received during a pis tol duel on . 'a ' train between himself and two negroes, Conductor . W. W. Thompson - died this afternoon " in a hospital here. " The shooting occurred on ' an ex press "train on - the Georgia ; railroad leaving .here at 12:15" this morning. Just after the train leftOamak, Ga., Thompson approached the negroes for their : fares, after ordering them into the , car from' the rear platform. Spec ial Agent' J. K. Cook shot one of the negroes' during the? fight, but the oth ers Jumped and escaped. ' INTERCEDE FOR RETIRED MANUFACTURER ASKS SECRETAFfcYl KNOX- TO TAKE SOME STEPS TO SAVE HIS SON, EDWIN M. BLATT. V By Associated Press. Pittsburg, Pa,A Feb. 24. Peter Blatt, of. this city, a retired wagon manufac turer, telegraphed . Secretary .of State Knox last night asking that the gov ernment ; intercede .: with the Mexican government on, behalf of his son, Ed win M." Blatt, aged 21, arrested white bearing arms in the insurrection. 4 ! In his -last- letter, to his parents, young - Blatt- said he was leaving - El Paso .to.join tjgpinsurrectos partly be cause he sympathized with them and also as a news scout for newspaper correspondents. Blatt has v had . a checkered career. After studying one year for the priest hood, he took up law for a time and then became a street car conductor. RECALL BILL PASSED. Sacramento, CaL, Feb. 24. The sen ate last night passed the Gates consti tutional amendment for the recall of all elective- officers by a vote of 26 to 4. . NEGROES KILL FITTING CLOSE TO ANNUAL CONVENTION OF LA WYERS UNIVERSALISTS OF FLORIDA IN ANNUAL SESSION HERE DRAINAGE LAW FOR GEORGIA MEASURE IS PROPOSED FOR ADOPTION BY THE LEGISLA TURE AND SMITH v DECLARES HE WILL APPROVE IT. By Associated Press. Brunswick, Feb. 24. The proposed drainage law of Georgia, almost a duplicate of that of North Carolina, was drafted by the drainage congress today. Governor-elect Smith made an address, pledging to sign any carefully considered drainage bill put into his hands by the legislature. It is pro posed that a " model demonstration farm be established by the state in the reclaimed territory to show what can be done in the lands formerly a swamp. HE IS NO LONGER A CANDIDATE ..FOR PROVISIONAL .PRESIDENT OF HONDURAS EARLY AGREE MENT EXPECTED. . r, y . aJ waawciaxsu rrvwrn. Puerto Cortex, Feb. 24. Gen. Manuel movement, has withdrawn formally as a, candidate for the provisional presi dency of Honduras and, there is pros pect of an early agreement with the government. " , The choice of a temporary successor to President Davila may be forced upon Thomas C Dawson, the. American rep resentative at the conference. Nego tiations were . resumed on board the Tacoma yesterday. A telegram , from Bonilla was read In which the revolu tionary chief announced his withdrawal of his candidacy for provisional presi dent. He suggested for temporary president the names of Dr. Membreno, the "Bonilla envoy; Fausto Davila, a step-brother of the president, and Francisco . Bertrand. General Bosale. the Davila representative, named Lazlo Arrizago, Daniel Fortin and Senor Cor dova. Neither list was satisfactory and Mr. Dawson will probably be chosen.' IT IS RECEIVED BY THE 8UPREME COURT IN WHICH HE IS RESIST ING EXTRADITION TO ITALY ON CHARGE OF MURDER. By Associated Press. . Washington, Feb. 24. The case of Porter Charlton, the young American who is in custody on the charge -t of murdering his wife in Italy last year, today reached the federal supreme court on Charltons appeal from an or der of requisition. The Charlton case comes to the su preme court of the United States on an appeal "from the decision of the United States circuit court f rbm New Jersey denying his application for a writ of habeas corpus. A large num ber of errors in the ruling of the cir cuit court are alleged. STEAMER FILLED WITH PILGRIMS BURNS AT SEA By Associated Press. Constantinople, Feb. 24. A local newspaper reports the Turkish steam er Hurriet, filled with Moslem .pil grims, was burned at sea. Not one of the " passengers nor crew- escaped death. .Official confirmation of the re port is lacking. CALL FOR PAYMENT. San Francisco, Feb. 24. The direct ors of the Panama Pacific Exposition Comoany yesterday called in the first ten per cent installment of the $7,500. 000 bond issue subscribed by the citi zens of San Francisco. FIFTEEN BODIES RECOVERED. Tonapah, Nev Feb. 24. Fifteen bodies of miners burned to death in a fire in the Belmont mines . yesterday were brought to the surface today. It Is Relieved from four to eight more are in the mine. GEN. BOIU GETS APPEALS First Meeting is Held With a Large Number of Dele gates Present. , VISITORS WERE WELCOMED TO CITY BY PRESIDENT EUGENE L. REESE, THE RE6PONSE BEING MADE BY REV. E. G. SWAIN, STATE 8UPERINTENDTENT OF ALABAMA CONVENTION WILL BE OF THREE DAYS' DURATION. The annual convention of the Unt versallst church of Florida opened last night In the First Unlversalist church in this city, with a sermon by RevvR. F. Etts, national secretary of the Young People's Christian Union of the Unlversalist church. Quite a number of delegates are already to the city, arriving yesterday and last night from all parts of the tats, and a number from other states. More are expected this morning and during the day, and the prospects for a most sucoessful session of the conven tion are very bright. , Mr. Kttx delivered a splendid sermon along practical lines, , the keynote of which was "Organisation.' The speaa er, in a very logical manner, dwelt upon the absolute necessity, of organ ized system In the church, comparing the church work to business organiza tions, and urging the application of business methods in conducting the affairs of the church. ' The speaker began by ' mentioning what he considered some of the funda mental organizations necessary for the successful carrying on of church work. Some of those mentioned were: Or ganizations for education, organiza tions for social service. Mr. Ettz thsn proceeded to touch upon the different organizations and offered some good suggestions upon each. - He brought put the point rthat the church isHll HghtriratthQrlMeri"ln the church fare the things needed. He said .thnt just as the best of machinery is use less without the power and workmen behind it, so is the church useless without the proper workmen enlisted, to use the advantages afforded by th church. Speaking of ministers, Mr. Etts said, In part: "A minister should be re garded as a specialist in his line cf work and should not be expected to know everything and to be an expert in all things. The preparation for the ministry and the work of the ministry lead a minister away from other things, to a great extent." He ad vanced the Idea that every church should employ a business manager and take that part of the work off of tho minister. In this connection, the speaker related an amusing Incident of a' preacher " in North Carolina whos3 duty it Is to open the church, ring the Continued on Pass Seven. ENTIRE TOWN 18. PRACTICALLY DESTROYED BY FIRE ALL HO TELS AND MERCANTILE ES TABLISHMENTS BURNED". ' By Associated Press. White Springs, Fla., Feb. 24. White Springs, on the Suwanee river, was practically destroyed by a fire whicb started in the Baptist parsonage and spread rapidly to the business district, this afternoon. Twenty-eight struc tures. Including mercantile establish ments and four hotels, were destroy ed. The absence of a fire deaprtment made the town, helpless, and the one truck rushed from Lake City was no help on account of the water supply. Residents and visitors had difficulty In fllndlng shelter. The loss Is esti mated at two hundred thousand dol lars. ' WHITE SPRINGS IS WIPED OUT New Feminine Contraption, the Trousers-Skirt, Shocks Paris Even By Associated Press. . Paris, Feb. 24. Paris has been shocked. The French capital home of almost anything and everything "ul tra" In fashions, has become cropper over the new trousers-skirts. By some this feminine contraption of ap parel has . been designated as the "harem - acarum." Paris blushed when it first heard, of the skirt, but today that blush of modesty turned into the flush of anger. A young woman, at tired in the new mode, walking along the Avenue de l'Opera the Avenue Banquet at the San Carlos Hotel Proved an Enjoy- able Feature. i LAST DAY WAS A BUSY ONE, THE VISITORS HOLDING TWO INTER ESTING SESSIONS, ENJOYING AN AUTOMOBILE RIDE ABOUT THE CITY AND A TRIP DOWN THE HARBOR W. A. BLOUNT IS, ELECTED PRESIDENT. vHt.! The banquet at the San Carlos bst tel last night given by the Penaaoolai Bar Association brought to a nttjxqr close the fifth annual session of th Florida Bar Association, and many ex the members will leave this morning on the early train for their homes. Others, however, are remaining over until after the Mardl Gras feetrvlrteB. The meeting is said to have been, by those who have attended all previous; ones, the most successful and mpr) business was attended to than at any; other. The reception committee erted every effort to entertain the vis itors during the hours not occupies by the sessions of the association. "." THE MORNING SESSION. f Immediately upon the. return of tfcsi visitors from the automobile ride yea terday morning the forenoon session was begun, at which time the varioua committees made their reports, soma of which were, adopted. Lively and spirited discussions were indulged In by almost the entire membership on some of the reports, which resulted In some falling of adoption, and others were referred to special committees to report at the next annual session. ' ' W. O. Hart, of the New Orleans bar, and one of the commissioners on unt- form state laws from Louisiana, waa unable to be present, being unavoida bly detained at the last moment, but his paper was forwarded and read by the treasurer of the association, J. W. Burton, of Arcadia, the address SP- pearing elsewhere in The Journal this morning. . .;" The Trammell resolution for' whch the committee substituted another la reference to a change in the Jury sys tem was "the report which was dls- citssea at iengtn, wucn -waus nnnujr referred to k committee Of three to re port to the; next session. The resolu tions asking the 'legislature to make necessary changes, In the laws, and constitutional amendments if necef- sary, were as follows: , ,' CHANGE JURY SYSTEM. . ; Be it resolved by the, Florida Stata Bar Association, that it is deemed ad visable -by this association that our Jury system should be so changed that in cases triable by a Jury composed of, six members, a verdict agreed upon by as many as five of said six Jnrors shall constitute the verdict of the Jury; that in cases triable by a Jury composed at twelve, a verdict agreed upon -by as many as ten of said twelve Jurors shall constitute the verdict of the Jury; and Be it further Resolved.' that this as sociation respectfully petition the Flor- Ida legislature at its . next bl-ennlal session to take the necessary action to bring about the change of law as here in suggested ; and i ' . - Be it further Resolved, that the ser retary of the association shall, when the legislatures convenes, transmit th( resolution to the senate and - to the house of representatives,' for the . con sideration of those honorable bodesj respectfully. The committee offers as a substitute for the resolution of Mr Trammell on the Jury system, the following, to-wIt! Be It resolved by the Florida State Bar Association, that Jn civil v. Cases the verdict which Is agreed upon by majority of the Jurors, shall constitute the verdict of the-Jury. 1 Be it further resolved that this as sociation respectfully petitions the 1 Florida legislature at its next session to submit a constitutional amendment embracing the suggestion herein made. Referred to special committee con sisting of Mr. Thos. F. West. Mr. W A., Blount and Mr. Park Trammel Feb. 24, 1911. TECHNICAL EILMI NATION, f- Be it resolved by the Florida Stat Bar Association, that the legislature "of the state of Florida, which convenes at Tallahassee, on April 4th, H1L 's hereby respectfully petitioned by. tMs association, to enact into law a mes.- ure providing as follows: ? No . Judgment shall be set aside, c reversed, or new trial granted, by any of the various courts of the state of Florida in any case, civil or criminal, on the ground of misdirection of Continued on Page Seven. de l'Opera, mind you was actually egged by a mob of disapproving mea' until the police appeared to help hef escape In an automobile. WELL-KNOWN SOCIETY WOMEN OF MADRID ARE MOBBED) i.i By Associated Press. :, - Madrid, Feb. 24. Two well-know society women, who attempted to wear the new trousers-skirt in the streets) here last night, were mobbed. The) police were obliged to go to the wo. men's protection and clear the streets v